Newspaper Page Text
BY P. GRAY MEEK.
—To have riches is one thing. To
get them another.
— Next week the preachers—the Lord
help the chickens.
—Take every thing you can get, but
be careful you don’t get in jail during
—There is a very appreciable differ-
ence between snow the same day and
“the next day’ snow.
—A Legislative act of 1887 did
away with all existing fence laws which
probably accounts for QUAY’s running
at large yet.
It is not strange that such a blizzard
should Lave been arranged for Grover’s
Inaugural day when his election was
signalized hy a snow storm.
—There is but one thing for the
Democracy to do--Administer the gov-
ernment on the lines which the Chicago
convention laid down for it.
—Next Friday will be a day of fete,
on the gcod “ould imerald Isle;” the
sham-rock and shillalab will both be
out, yet down will go the Irish “smile.”
- Hon. JonN G. CARLISLE finds
himself to-day in a position very simi-
lar to that occupied by ALEXANDER
HaMiLTON when he was called to res-
cue the country from bankruptcy.
_—Tt is now & question in the minds
of many as to whether uncle JERRY
Rusk’s weather was real weather or
not. After we see what Mr. MORTON
will do for us we will be the better able
- to decide.
—They say that it is bad form to
dance at an inaugural ball. It is bard-
ly as bad form as one would undoubtly
get trying to trip the light fantastic on
a 300x100 ft floor on which there are us-
ually ten thousand or more people.
~-In Congress looking after the inter-
ests of constituents usually means send-
ing them a few packages of stale garden
seeds. In the State Legislature looking
after the constituents interests means
sending them SMULLS’ legislative hand-
— What with a new firm of pension
claim agents in which Mr. Bussey and
Corporal TANNER have formed a co-
partnership the new Democratic Com-
missioner, who ever he may be, will
have to be on the alert lest the turned
out Republican ‘rascals’ get more
bums on the list.
—Should Bellefonte Democracy re-
joice? A Democratic Mayor in a Re-
publican town, a Democratic Sheriff, a
Democratic Governor in a Republican
commonwealth, a Democratic Congress,
a Democratic Senate and a Democratic
President. Well we should say so.
—Mr. HARRISON ought to be able to
make both ends meet on twenty-five
thousand dollars a year, the salary he
will receive for lectures on law at tha
LeLanDp Stanrorp University, in Cal-
ifornia. It is half as good, from a
financial stand point, to be a college pro-
fessor as it is to be President.
— While we are heartily in favor of
the measure to close the polls at four
o'clock instead of seven, yet their is a
great ridiculousness in the argument
which its framer advanced in its favor:
tthe returns can then be ascertained
without sitting up all night.” Asif
the “sitting up” is at all compulsory
when a fellow has a bed at his disposal.
—-Ifone was able to believe with
BERNHARDT, the queen of tragedy, in
the transmigration of souls, he would
find very little difficulty in discovering
Mr. CLEVELAND'S key to success. His
amazing knack of saying the right
thing at the right time seems to be the
transmigratory agent between him and
the hearts of the people. The iraugu-
ral is his latest triumph.
—In airing his views as to whether
women should propose. WARD McAr-
LISTER, the leader of the New York
¢400,” loftily says: “If a woman asked
mae to kiss her I should decline to do so.
I have, in fact, had more than one such
experience, etc.”” But the social swell of
the great metropolis certainly does not
hope to produce such irrelevant matter
with which to refute Mr. HENRY LaA-
BOUCHERE, the English journalist, who
thinks “women should propose” unless
be informs the reading public what
part of the women’s anatomy he was
asked to kiss,
—-There always basbeen and doubt-
less there always will be two distinct
classes of Democrats. The one made up
of those who stick to their party through
thick and thin, who swallow their - dis-
likes and work for the common purpose
and who are Democrats at all times and
under all conditions. To the other class
belong the ones who identify’ them-
1 selves with the party only when it suits
them and when they see some personal
gain in store, who are Democrats as
long as they are truckled to ‘and only
when things are done as they think
they should be, The offices are soon to
deserves them ?° To which class do you
Which class of Democrats |
i in his great message of 1887.
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
~ VOL. 38.
BELLEFONTE, PA.,, MARCH 10, 1893.
Approved by Its Results.
Two elections have heen held under
the BAKER ballot law and the general
result has been such as to commend
the new system as an improvement on
the old. At the first trial last fall the
people required considerable instruc-
tion to familiarize them with the prop-
er method of handling these new 1n-.
struments of suffrage, but they readily
learned how to use them, a compara-
tively few mistakes having been made.
Their educution in this matter was so
far advanced that, as a general thing,
they required no further instruction to
enable them to intelligently and suc-
cessfully manipulate the ballots at
the February election.
The general effects of the new sys-
tem have been beneficial, although
some amendments to the law are still
needed. No one can help but appre:
ciate the greater freedom it gives to the
class of voters who formerly were sub-
jected to undue influencein the exer-
cise of they right of suffrage. There
can be no intimidation practiced when
the sruffragist can go into the polling
booth and make up his ballot unwatch-
ed and undisturbed. This feature
should be appreciated by every freeman,
and it should be particularly appre-
ciable to Democrats, for the cause of
Democracy is sure to be promoted by
an uncoerced and untrammeled ballot.
. No one could help observing at the
last general election that Democratic
gains were made 1n every State which
had adopted the Australian system.
This was particularly noticeable in New
York and Indiana, both of which under
the old unguarded method might hase
been carried against CLEVELAND by Re-
publican intimidation and pecuniary
corruption, as was the case four years
previous. In our own State the gen-
eral reduction ot the Republican ma-
jority, outside of Philadelphia, was
largely attributable to the effect of the
new ballot ‘system. The recent Feb-
ruary election was marked by signal
Democratic successes in many locali-
ties in the State, notably in Pittsburgh,
and these results were, in a great
measure, due to the protection’ of the
suffrage that is afforded by the new
ballot law. :
In Philadelphia, however, the com-
plete control which the Republican
machine exercises over that city, ma-
terially interfered with the proper
working ot the new ballot system at
the recent municipal eleciion. Police
interference at the polls, the intrusion
of rounders and heelers into the voting
booths, and even tne carrying away of
ballot-boxes without the ballots hav-
ing been counted, were some of the
irregularities that attended the Febra-
ary election in that city. Provision
must be made for the complete sup-
pression and punishment of such vio-
lations of the ballot law, and also
amendments mus: be made that will
remedy obvious defects in the BAKER
bill, as recommended by the Governor.
With our election law perfected so as
to meet every requirement of a fair and
hovest ballot system, the friends of
good government, and particularly the
Democratic party, will have reason to
The Inaugural address of President
CLEVELAND, although pot a direct dec-
laration of policy, isa political deliv.
erance whose implications are of the
greatest importance. For example it
does not outline the course he intends
to take on the currency question) but
when he declared that nothing is more
vital to the welfare of the nation than
a sound eurrency he makes it manifest
that his efforts will be directed to a cor-
rection of that unsoundness which ex-
ists in the relations of gold and silver
resulting from an oversupply of the
latter metal through compulsory gov.
ernment purchases, necessarily depre-
ciating its monetary capacity. The
silver question as it has been left
by the timidity or incompetency of the
expired Republican administration re
mains in a condition that is adverse to
sound currency and as President
CLevELAND says, ‘defies the inexor-
able laws of finance and trade.”
The tone of the Inaugural leaves no
uncertainty as tn the President’s ad-
hesion to the tariff reform doctrines
with’ which he electrified the country
cognizes the fact that the voters have
sustained that doctrine, and havere
pudiated the policy of ‘‘protection for
protections sake,” and there is clearly
vigible in his expressions a determina-
tion to do his utmost to destroy the
broods of trusts and monopolies and
all the kindred evils which are ‘‘the
unwholesome progeny of the paternal-
18m’’ engendered by protective tariffs.
It was represented before the election
and has been repeated since, that Mr,
CLEVELAND has receded from his ori-
ginal tariff reform position and had
greatly modified his tariff views. But
the fact is that he was greatly mis-rep-
resented on the tariff question. He
never advocated free trade. His ob-
ject from the first was to reduce those
excessive duties which make a high
tariff an injury rather than a benefit to
industry, and to entirely remove taxa-
tion from raw material needed in in-
dustrial operations ; and this continues
to be the extent of his purpose on the
tariff question. The term “tariff re-
form” sufficiently expresses his object.
With a tariff for revenue only he sees
a sufficient protection to industry inci-
dentally provided by a constitutional
Another important issue that will
have to be met by Mr. CLEVELAND will
be the reform of the pension abuses,
and in this. matter he no doubt will
have the assistance of the Democratic
congress. The tone of the Inaugural,
as could well be expected, and as'the
people had a right to expect, is averse
to a “wild and reckless pension expendi-
ture which overleaped the bounds of
grateful recognition of patriotic ser-
In its general expression President
CLEvELAND'S Inaugural is a hopeful
and assuring deliverance.
The Great Administrative Change.
The government is in entirely differ-
ent hands to-day from what it was at
the last issue of the Warcaman. New
men are at its head and other principles, |
than those which have long and iujur-
iously prevailed, will govern its policy.
With the inauguration of GROVER
CLEVELAND a new epoch has been com-
wenced in governmental methods; a
new leaf has been turned over in the
management of the affairs which in.
volve the welfare, prosperity and liber-
ty of the people. The power thus in-
vested in new Presidential hands has
an auxiliary advantage, wuich it had
not eight years ago, in the fact that it
will be aided by concurrent majorities
in both branches of Congress, thus af-
fording conaitions that will enable a
full enforcement of Democratic doc-
trines and principles.
In the incident of the change of ad-
ministrations from one party to anoth-
er—the transferring of a vast govern-
mental responsibility, as illustrated on
the Fourth of this month by the induc-
tion of one President and the retirement
of another, there was presented a sight
worthy of the world’s attention, aad
the admiration of all who appreciate
the advantages and blessings of popu-
lar government. It was marked by
an entire absence of the disorder which
too frequently characterizes the change
of administrative authority under oth-
er forms of government less stable and
well-poised than this great Republic is
proving itself to be. The change took
place with the willing consent of all
the people, and with general good wish-
es for the official success of the distin
guished man upon whom has been
again imposed the weighty responsi:
bility of administration. The transfer
of power was not backed by bayonets,
excepting a small military force con-
sisting chiefly of citizens: soldiers and
used merely 2s an ornamental feature
of the occasion, the demonstration con-
sisted of citizens who had come frcm
every section of the country to witness
the installation of the chief magistrate
whom their free ballots had elected.
There is every reason to believe that
the new President, whose inauguration
was marked by suzh peaceful and or-
derly incidents, will in the fullest man-
ner meet the expectations of the great
party that called him to the head of
the government. He is by no means
an untried incumbent. Ie is not an
experimental President, He has been
there before and enunciated those
Democratic principles and those meas-
ures of reform, which although inter-
rupted by an: unfortunate Republican
interval, are bound to be carried out by
Grover CreveLalp, assisted by a
Democratic house and genate,
Railroads as the Destructive Agents in
There can be no denying the fact
that the vast domain of virgin timber,
which twenty years ago was thought
would supply the demands of our coun-
try forever, are disappearing with
alarming rapidity. The woodman’s
ax has played its part well and to-day
the great pine forests of Georgia, Maine
and the region of the Great Lakes tell
of its devastating power. Well may
the Forestry Commissioners of the dit-
ferent States busy themselves in trying
to find some effective way to replace
the timber that has been laid waste
within the last quarter of a century,
for at the present rate ‘at which lum.
bering is being carried on it will be
but a very short time until the last of
our eak, our chestnut, ash, walnut,
pine and other wood forests has been
The great stretches of cleared land,
the thousands of acres of sentinel like
stumps, and the bald mountain knobs,
that greet the eye of the traveler on all
sides, and the great timber rafts which
float our rivers, trom bank to bank, in
the spring, all warn us that the time
will soon be here when some other
material than wood will have to meet
the builders’ wants. It is not surpris.
ing that the supply will not hold out
long under the present enormous de:
mand, for unless succored nothing
could stand such a continous drain.
Arbor day has been suggested as the
remedy needed and 'tis true its proper
observance does some good but it is ouly
oue of the three huudred, or more days
in a year on which the wood man is at
work cutting away what others are try
ingto build up. Not only will the
time when our forests have all been
felled find us in desperate straits for a
substitute for wood, but it will also find
the flora and fauna of our country
materially changed. Streams will not
befound where our aucestors fished,
| cyclones will lay waste communities
"that never feared storms when blessed
! with the protection of forest surround:
ings ; droughts will be or far more fre-
quent occurrence and climatic changes
will have so changed the seasons that
a new basis upon which to cast our
almanacs will have become a necessity.
|" Bat forgetting what will be the con-
dition of affairs when that time shall
‘come, our curiosity is naturally arous-
ed to know where are forests are going
to aod what are the principal
'agents of their consumption. You
say, building, and we answer yes,
Itor the phenomenal growth of our
| large cities and the ‘‘boom towns”
of the west and south, that spring
up in a night, lick up the wood:
ed districts like wild fire, but their are
other agents at work. Ooes which
have heretofore received very little at-
In looking over the last report of the
Peonsylvania railroad company we
find that there has been used in repairs
and renewals 1,724,367 ties in this
state and New Jersey and as each tie
contains within a fraction of 45 ft,
board measure, it will be readily seen
that the one rail-road, in these two
stutes alone, has consumed nearly 56,-
000,000 feet of the best timber. Mostly
oak. Inthe United States there are
one hundred and sixty thousand
miles of railroad. Each mile con-
taining about 27,00 ties. The life of
a tie being placed at ten years there
must be a renewal of one-tenth of all
those jn use every year, which means
that 43,200,000 ties or 1,944,000,000
feet of the best timber that can be pro-
cured is consumed by our rail-roads
annually,’ With such a consumption
already and the miles of road yearly
increasing this agency will soon have
taken rank with that of greatest de-
structive powers, The best evidence
‘of the growing scarcity of available
timber for making railroad ties is to be
found in the prices paid for them now
as compared with those when the road
was being built. To-day the [Pennsyl
vania rail-road company is paying from
seventy to seventy-five cents for ties
that were a drug on the market in
1850 at eighteen to twenty cents.
What is to be done to save our
forests ? is the question everyone asks,
and though practical answers come
from every quarter there is no con-
certed effort to put them to work.
—The rattle of a drum is a kind of
sheep’s head bay.
A Bug for Cleveland’s Ear.
From the New York World.
President Cleveland is about to
make several diplomatic and other ap-
pointments of much importance.
In accordance with custom these ap-
pointments will be of men who hold
the principles of the party iu power
and arein sympathy with purpo-
seg of the Administration, is is not
only right, but itis icde able to
success. Under goveriiffient by a par-
ty, power must be commensurate with
Democrats will therefore in due time
succeed Republicans as representatives
to foreign governments and at the
head of the chief executive offices.
But it is not enough that the new
officials be Democrats. They should
be men of high character and good re-
pute, and, so far as is possible, of
special capacity for the duty to be re-
quired of them. ;
President Cleveland will be sustain-
ed by his party and by the, country in
honoring in the breach rather than in
the observance the custom of giving
important offices to mere. politicians
out of a job. The honor of the coun-
try and the credit of the Administra-
tion are of too much consequence to
be imperilled simply to satisfy the
needs of men who have become wont-
ed to living at the public expense.
President Cleveland has sound con-
victions on this subject, and the full
courage of them. We shall look for a
high grade of appointments under the
Country and Its Exi-
From the Williamsport Times.
A conception of the growth of this
country is difficult to comprehend.
Sometimes, however, events occur tht
help give an idea of its growth, ad
vancement and national wealth, When
a person of fiity, knowing how the peo-
pling, at first, of Illinois, Indiana, and
adjoining states was attendad with such
privations and difficulties, reads, that
in those well filled states, farmers are
se'ling out to go west where land is
plenty, a conception of growth and ad-
vancement is conceived.
A resident in Illnois, in the vicinity
where the exodus is taking place, won:
ders “how long it will be before states
like Obio, Indiana and Illinois will be
as badly off as New England in the
matter of “abandoned farms?’ The
exodus from Illinois would seem to
indicate the inevitable approach of
such a condition of things in the older
of the western states. When there is
no longer a ‘far west’’ —so far asthe
term applies to uninhabited localities
—10 emigrate to, there may come a
reaction which will populate the aban-
doned farms farther east and restore
agricultural lands to something like
their old time value.”
Not a Place-Seeker Among Them. ;
From the Kansas City Star.
Almost every man who has gone in-
to Mr. Cleveland's Cabinet has made a
personal sacrifice in the way of giving
up a position of greater profit and more
certain tenure than attaches to a place
in the President’s official household.
Judge Gresham relinquishes a life
place on the bench ; Mr. Carlisle va-
cated a seat in the Senate which he
had a certain promise of retaining for
an indefinite period ; Mr. Lamont
leaves a business which afford’s him a
very large income ; Bissell and Olney
will each of them be forced to abandon
a legal practice which bringe in a
| handsome revenue and so on. In
every case the office has sought the
man, and the call in each instance was
responded to in the interest of patri-
otism and of able government.
The Watchman is One of the Latter
From the Louisvilie,Courier-Journal.
There are three kinds of newspapers
in the world—the organ-grinding news-
paper, the free-lance newspaper and
the newspaper that, seeking to avoid
the extremes of servility and reckless-
nees represented by the two former,
aims first of all to print the truth for
truth’s. sake—fairly, fully, disinter-
estedly—and having done so, fit ils
ratiocinations, not to some precon-
ceived opinion or imaginary line of
consistency, but to the real tacts of the
case in hand.
After Quay’s Style of Doing It.
From the Pittsburg Post.
Presideat Hippolyte of Hayti is the
dandy political boss. According to the
constitution of the black republic, there
must be a congress, and hence an elec
tion occasionally. But Hippolyte has
no notion of having his power curtailed
by a congress, and so wheaever there
is an election be sets up the candidates
in all the districts, and sees that they
are elected, too. This was the case a
tew days ago, and he carried things
through a little more successfully than
some other bosses we have heard of,
They Will Be Remmanned Soon,
From the Pittsburg Dispatch.
Tammany came and went, yet
strange to tell the Department offices
still stand in Washington,
Spawls from the Keystone,
—Bogus money is offered for sale at Bristol.
—Erie city is building a $65,000 water _
—O0. 276 applicants in Cambria County, 183
got liquor licenses.
—President Cleveland shook hands with
nearly a thousand persons Tuesday.
—In a colliery at Williamstown, William
Temple was killed by a fall of coal.
—A 1ush of coal in a colliery near Mahanoy
City fatally crushed John Strichler.
—About 15,000 trout were distributed in tne
tributaries of Hay Creek, Berks County.
—Farmers in the vicinity ot Harrisburg say
this latest snow augurs a great fruit crop.
— Every taxpayer in Bristol will be asked to
sign a petition to have the town sewered.
—Robert Love, a wealthy farmer, who lived
near Greensburg, was run down by a train.
—Pupils of an Alabama ladies college, Tues-
day presented the President witha silk ban-
—A dinky locomotive at Braddock was
wrecked, killing the engineer, William Mec-
—Richard Sloan, temporarily insane, shot
himself dead in the street Tuesday in Pitts-
—By falling from the balcony of a hotel at
Meadville, Philip H. Kinney's back was
—On trial at Bradford for the murder of his
mother, Ralph Grossmire endeavors to prove
an alibi. :
—Allegheny County is $20,000 richer in con-
sequence of the oleomargarine fines imposed
—Lotter Brothers, . of Pottstown, have re-:
ceived an order to build 12 boilers, each 150
—There are 18 cases of varioloid in one
block in Reading, and all school children will
—Accused of being one of a gang of notorious
thieves, Harry Ludwig, of Wernersville, was
locked in jail.
—A sled upon which four boys were coast-
ing struck aud dangerously hurt Mrs. Sarah
—Rev. Dr.John Fox, of Allegheny City has
accepted the call to the Second Presbyterian
Church of Brooklyn.
—A vote taken in Lycoming County shows
the people to be overwhelmingly opposed to
—The ticket receipt of the inauguration ball
footed up $40,000—enough to pay the expenses
of the inauguration.
—A Clearfield lumberman, Simon Flynn, will
run 35,000,000 feet of logs down the Susque-
hanna River to the saw mills.
—At a meeting of the Seranton CouncilTues
day night City Engineer Edward F. Blewitt
was dismissed for neglect of duty. :
—Sydney Young, thought to be one of the
thieves who robbed an Easton bank of $400
has been arrested in Washington,
—The snow storm Saturday extended over
the State and many roads in the Schuylki¥
and Lehigh Valleys were choked.
—Ex Postmaster General Wanamaker called
Tuesday, paid his respects to the President
and bade him an official good bye.
—Mayor John A. Fritchey Tuesday night de.
feated R. B. Ziegler, for chairman of the Har-
risburg Democratic City Committee.
—Becoming!suddenly insane, Mary Gallag -
her,a domestic in the home of Dr. Kotz
Easton Tuesday, tried to burn the house.
—A highwayman stabbed William Prescott
onthe streetin Shamokin, but disappeared
before robbing his slightly injured vietim.
—The wages of all the employes of the
Philadelphia Bridge Works, at Pottstown will
be reduced from 6 to 15 per cent. next week.
—In attempting to catch a train at York,
Uriah Howard, a section foreman of the Balti-
more and Lehigh Railroad, fell and broke a
—Itis believed that Pinkerton Detective
Ford, who unraveled the Hometead poison
plot, was also poisoned by beer which he drank
—Delaware County Commissioners are being
attacked because they gave a bridge contract
to a firm whose bid was $1800 higher than the
—For selling beer without a license, John
Smend was sentenced Tuesday at Norristown
to pay a fine of $500 and go to prison for three
—All the Democrats of the Pennsylvania
delegation in Congress, except Beltzhoover
Sibley and Reilly, Tuesday called on the Pres”
—George Chance, of Philadelpha, has been
indcrsed by a large number of the members of
the Legislature for Public Printer at Wash-
—John Wolf shot and wounded Mrs. Shen-
dan Savage, and then attempted to take his
own life. at Tarentum, Pa., because she refus-
to elope with him.
Because stickers were used election offi-
cers refused to count any of the votes cast for
F. Ream, candidate for Burgess of ¢ ashing-
tonville, Montour County. /
A new trial was ‘refused in Pittiburg to
Master Workman H. F. Dempsey, who was
convicted of complicity in the attempt to poi-
son Hometead con-union workmen. '
—The Homestead Relief Committee has ise
sued a notice to the public that no more
money is needed for the sufferers by the
strike. The total amount received was
—An auctioneer at Bristol Tuesday sold out
a gypsy camp disposing of many wagons, 40
blankets, 50 quilts, 200 towels, 25 coats 35 pair
of trousers, 50 vests and many guns, revolvers,
—~Theodore Roosevelt delivered an address
in the hall of the House at Harrisburg Tues-
day night in favor of civil cervice as against
the spoils system. He had a large and appar=
ently interested audience.
—Mr. and Mrs. Francis P. Freeman, of
Lakewood, N. J., dined Monday night at the
White H use with the President and Mrs.
Cleveland, the only other guests being Mrs.
Cleveland's mother, and her husband.
—Perhaps the most remarkable electric
‘street railway bridge in the country, its road-
way being 155 feet high and 85) feet long, or
90 feet higher than the roadway of the Brook"
Jyn Bridge! has been opened a Pittsburg.
—THe State Board of Hea'th met at Har-
rishurg, Pennsylvania, and decided to se-
cure the co-operation’ of all the States and
municipalities on the route of travel be-
tween Europe and Chicago to guard agaiost
cholera and also to take the fullest
precaution to exclude the disease from. the