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London, settember 9.
t'aul Jones, having obtained leave to come to
France on his private affairs, took leave of the Ein
prefs at Petersburg 011 the 7th of July ; when her
Majelty conferred 011 hiui the order of St. Anne,
as a mark of her approbation If his conduct ]alt
campaign. He retains his rank and pay of Admiral
in that lervice, and has only obtained affiort leave.
The Ruffian flotilla in the Archipelago has ob
tained some advantages over the Turks, and has
taken one of their islands.
By a letter from Count Voinorich, dated the jth
of J uly last, we are informed that a R ullian squad
ron of nine fail, commanded by Admiral Lorenzi,
met, at a lmall distance from the island of Tine,
with a Turkilll squadron of three fail of the line,
four frigates, five xebecks, and two lialf-gallies.
The Turks bore down on the Ruffians, who
•waited for them ; and so well did they receive
them that they were put to flight, notwithllanding
their great superiority ; and the Ruffians were in
purfuitof them when this letter was written.
There is 110 truth in the report of the Emperor
having concluded a separate pcace. He has found
the war expensive and unfuccelsful, and accord
ingly so like his othei frhemes that he is deter
mined to purlue it.
The Guardian transport was to fail this morning
from Portfinouth, 011 her voyage to Port-Jackson ;
she has 25 convidfcs 011 board, mollly carpenters and
blacksmiths, and a lading of beds, cloathing, and
other articles, of which Commodore Philips,had
not a fufficient supply. Eight fuperintendants of
convi<sts embarked with them ; and a ikilful botan
ilt, provided with glass frames, and every thing
■ necessary for the preservation of rare plants, for
the royal garden at Kew.
This day the mails arrived from Holland and
Flanders. No engagement of any consequence
has recently happened between the belligerent
They write from Paris, of the jthinftant, that
the General Alfembly at the Hotel de Ville have
taken up seriously, since the projected attack on the
Kihg's person, the buiinels of the infurrecftion,
which they have resolved to quell at any rate.
The wretchedness and poverty of the French
peasantry had been heretofore remarked by al
uiolt every traveller who gives a description of
France. And the principal causes ailigned were,
the oppressive taxes, which fell principally on
the poorer orders, with the contribution paid to
a numerous clergy. Now the nobility mull con
tribute an equal quota in proportion to their
land, with tlie commons, which will, in time,
rcduce the taxes on the latter, and a new modus
being (truck out for tithes, the farmer will be ne
ceiiarily exonerated from a great part of his
burdens, and a substantial yeomanry spring up,
almost as yet unknown in that country. Thus
it will not only be a revolution, from whence free
dom will display its banners through the land,
but there will be a change in the manners of the
people, and competence and smiling plenty fuc
cced poverty, hardfliip, and we may fay, ineffec
tual labour and toil.
A short time since as Mrs. Maxwell, of Harley
street, Cavendiili square, was fitting alone by the
drawing room fire, in expectation ot some com
pany lhe had engaged, the poker fell on her a
p I*oxl, and set fire to it. Alarmed at the accident,
fiie flew towards the staircase, screaming for af
filbmce ; being met by the butler, he endeavored
to extinguish the flames, which by this time had
communicated to every part ofherdrels ? his ef
forts, however, were of 110 avail, lor though he
finally extinguiflied the flames, after sustaining
considerable injury himlelf, the unfortunate
lady was so much burnt, that ffie expired yester
OF ACCIDENTS BY FIRE.
IT too frequently happenstliat young children
are left alone in rooms with a lire in the chim
ney corners —many a child has loit its life by this
want of caution.-Children Ihould be rertrained
from a propenftty which they are very apt to dis
cover of playing with fire—and it would contri
bute very much to their preservation, if all who
wear gowns, had them made of foine woolen
fabrick in winter. .
It should be impreflcd 011 the mind of every
person, that the molt certain and speedy method
of preventing fatal conl'equences from the cloatlis
of women or children suddenly catching fire, is
to ftille the flame instantaneously by rolling or
huddling the cloaths all together—when that
cannot be done by reason of the fire s having en
veloped the fubjecft, any covering that can be lud
denly wrapped round, or thrown over them, will
be the next belt resource. ,
A young lady standing with her back towards
a stove, caught her gown on fire, which imme
diately blazed above her head a pei on in tle
room wrapped the fides of the gown over the
blaze, which extinguilhed it without any injury.
A gentleman going into his parlor, w el e a
child had been incautiously left alone, " um *
cloathes in a blaze—he instantly thiew t lec 11
on the carpet, which fortunately happener no
to be nailed down, and throwing the cornel o it
over the child, the flame was smothered, which
no other method would Jiaveeffetfted in season to
have laved its life.
Two fchildreu in this city, being together in a
room last week—one of them in placing an apple
on the hearth to retail, caught her gown on fire
which was immediately in a blaze—this was ex
tinguished in the above manner, by a person
who providentially happened ro into the room :
The fire had got to fitch a height, that cho in
performing the benevolent a eft, they burnt their
hands, the life of the child was undoubtedly
saved by their prelence of mind,in having recourse
to this summary method.
PRO BONO PUBLICO.
New-York, Nov. 17, 1789.
ON TITLES.—us txTttcT.
title of Excellencyis conferred by the British government,
X (where it originated) on persons of diflinguiflied rank; yet,
they arc always considered as inferior. It is given to p?rfons at
the head of departments, hut at the fame time, such as arc consi
dered subordinate to thefupremc cxecutiveauthoiity of the nation.
I o render the application of the title proper therrfore, and con
fiftcnt with the original idea on which it was founded, it ought
not to have been conferred on the firft and highest executive au
thority of the Stated, before their late union ; becaufc the office
and rank was fupreine and unfubordinate. But as the States have
united in a general government, and by that have rendered the
government of the States in some refpefts subordinate to the na
tional government, the title of Excellency becomes again proper
for the governorsof the refpeftive States ; at the fame time however;
it renders it improper for the Prcfidentof the United States.
IMPROMPTU ON TITLES.
"T T IS name alone, flriies ev'ry Title dead"
XjL If that is true, what further need be said ?
And yet, confident! patriotic! wife!
Inferior Titles, Gratitude supplies.
A Monster would, fans doute, from order spring,
And Lap-Dog Dr acon, prove a dreadful thing.
BOSTON, November 7.
MEDAL TO M. SCOTT.
We mentioned sometime ftnee the brilliantand
humane atftion of M. Scott, a Lieutenant of his
Moil Christian Majesty's squadron, in leaping
from the gallery of le Leopard man of war, and
laving the life of a cabin boy who had fallen o
ver. \Y r e have now the pleasure to inform, that
on Saturday lalt, agreeably to a vote of the Trus
tees of the Humane Society of this Common
wealth, a committee of the Society, confiding of
the Hon. Thomas Russell, Esq. Vice-Preiident,
the Hon. M. de Letombe, Coniul of France, Dr.
Aaron Dexter, and the Rev. Peter Thatcher, re
paired totliehoufe oftheConful of France, where
were previously aflembled the Right Hon. the Vis
count de Ponteves, the Marquis de Galliifionere,
and the other principal officers of the squadron,
together with all the officers of le Leopard—and
where Mr. Russell, as Chairman of the Commit
tee presented to M. Scott de Balvery, Lieu
tenant ofle Leopard, a Gold Medal, which he,
in a very elegant address, requeiled M. Scott de
Balvery to accep:, as a token commemorative of
his activity and humane intention exhibited in
saving a young lad from drowning who had fall
en from the deck of le Leopard .• To which ad
dress M. Scott de Balvery returned the following
I AM much jlattered in receiving from yon the honorable tejiimony oj
the happy atl you are so kind as to conjecrate. The citizens ojMajfachu
fetts have d'jtinguijhed themselves by so worthy an ivjlitution as that to
which you belong ; but it is not theJirJl example of general virtue they
have given the world : Thoje who have fought with so much courage and
success jor the rights oj mankind, mojl certainly know better than others,
how precious is human /i/e.
After which the committee took their leave,
and were conducted to their carriages by the Com
mander and other officers of the iquadron.
A Portrait of THE PRESIDENT has been ta
ken by Mr. Gulliger, the limner.
* The Medal reprclentcd on one fide, the flern and gallery
of a ship of war, with * lad struggling in the water underneath,
and a person in the ast of leaping from the ship to rescue the
drowiim' victim, with a motto, Vitam Pf.reuntl' -On
the reverie, Mass. Hum. Soc. Dom. SCOTT DE BALVERY,
Fretis imtav hie J u venEM eripuit.—The Medal is i veiy
hand some one, and w*as engraved by Callekder.
It muff; afford fatisfaftion to every friend to A
merica,to observe the perfectly good intelligence
which fubfiits between the citizens of the United
States, and their gallant allies of the Frelich na
tion.—And what mull add to that fatisfatftion, are
the polite attentions and refpeft which have been
ffiewn to our beloved PRESIDENT by the Right
Hon. the Vifcountde Ponteves Gien, and the
other officers of the squadron of his Moil Christian
Majelty. Immediately on the arrival of the Pre
sident, the noble Viscount and the officers (con
duced by the Hon. Consul of France, dgreeeably
to the ordinance of the King) waited on him at his
residence, and paid him their refpetfts.—And the
President, in directing his Secretary to offer to the
Viscount and other officers, his thanks for the obli
ging manner in which they have been pleased to
honor his arrival in this metropolis, demonstrated
how cordial to him, were the friendfhips and at
tentions of the allies of the Union. On the Mon
day after his arrival, the Viscount de Ponteves
again waited 011 the President, who was pleased
to express his intention of visiting the squadron of
his Mod Christian Majesty ; which he did on the
following day. On his arrival 011 board the Jlluf
tre, the Viscount introduced him to all the offi
cers, amounting to thirty, wlio had the honor of
fightingiii Lhe common <i.<ufc, 111 America, during
the late war—after which the Vifbount presented
to liim the fevei al liiips officers of the squadron.
Having visited the Hit,pre and the Leopard, the
President returned to town, accompanied by thtf
Commander of the fqundron, Aiucli pleased with
the elegance and beauty of the (hips, and the or
der and urbanity of the French feameii.
The barge which conducted tlie President on
board the fliips, had the American flag at her
bow and that oi France on her stern—and one
of the Majors of the Squadron had the honor to
act as cockswain.
Both going and returning the President receiv
ed a royal salute from all the (hips, and a federal
lalutefrom the Caltle.
NEW-YORK, NOVKM BR 18.
Extra ft of a letter from Boftou, to the Editor hereof,
dated November 3.'
THE President hath visited us—" All his steps
were dignity and love"—lt was glorious at once
to embrace our Friend and Brother—Fellow Ci
tizen —General—Supreme Magi ft rate—Political
Father—Head of our Nation—and Representative
of the Majesty of the United States—whose vir
tues are a blefling to the world.—Every pulse
feenied to l>eat ardor for his welfare—every heart
was animated—and molt sincere were our efforts
to pay him refpecft—and make him happy.
My confinement by levere indisposition, the day
alter his arrival, and during his residence here,
deprived me of the pleasure of paying my per
sonal refpeJts to him—This was a great draw back
upon my happiness oji the glorious occasion.
The tour of The PRESIDENT thro the Ealtern
States is an event, which has served to call forth
the latent principles of virtue, gratitude, and pa
triotifm,in an eminent degree :—The real friends
to the revolution—the advocates for government,
peace, and freedom, were fully convinced than
the attachment of the people to the Constitution
was solid and permanent —that their love and
■veneration for the President could receive 110 ad
dition—Still the pen of Slander has not been idle
—and the tongue of calumny has not been Silent
—while jealouftes and apprelienfioiis have been
excited rcfpeifting imaginary evils—lt therefore
seemed neceflary that some great occasion Should
offer, to call forth the real fentimerits of the
Union, and afford that demonstrative evidence:
of what the people feel, which all the adversaries
of our national honor " Should not be able to
gainsay or resist."—
Extra# of a letter from. Bojlon. dated Oflrtey 28.
This day, at i 1 o'clock the Prchdent was conveyed in the Ad
miral's burgeon boad the .Admirals', (hip— the Major ol the fleet
(leered, the raidfhipmen rowed, all drefled in red—when the
President arrived he was received onboard, in the fame stile thev
receive their Kin o s, viz. The Officers toojv. off their (hoes—
and the crew all appealed with their legs naked.
By a veflcl in 38 days from Havre tie Grace in
France—which arrived here on Sunday lait, we
learn, that all was peace and quietness in that
The United States will undoubtedly rife to
higher degrees ol eminence in the fcalc'of em
pire, than any of the nations that have gone be
fore them —the moll cursory view of the Subje<fi
furnifhes ample ground for fucli a belief.—What
were all the nations ot the earth in point of le
gislative knowledge, compared to the people of
this confederated republic ? History furnifhes no
thing, that Should lead us to suppose that the
do«flrine of equal and just representation was ev
er known among them—a Safeguard to freedom
that can never fail so long as we justly prize it.
How very few are the names of persons who
were eminent for knowledge and virtue, that his
tory has handed down to us —T he present century
has produced more men of luperior abilities in
the little Island of Britain, than flourished in the
Roman empire for tvvo tboufand years.—And A
merica has infinitely the advantage of the moll re
fined, and enlightened of any of the ancient re
publics—whether the comparison is made with
refpe<ft to the foundations of the governments, or
the habits, genius and information of the peo
ple.—Rome was founded by freebooters, and the
leading principle of the policy of that people in
all the periods of their existence was conquest.—
This was reduced to habit—her patricians found
their account in eiicouraging the propensity—
her victories were the victories of savages—and
the conquerors of the world, were finally subdu
ed by their acquisitions ; for in proportion to their
abilities,! the Roman people, and every other
nation since time began, were luxurious.
To what purpose then is the example of the
ancients held up to the people of the United
States ? —They have more effectual barriers a -
gainlt luxury, in their local Situation, in the prin
ciples of their government, in their Superior
light—and especially in the means of perpetua
ting knowledge,and the principles of humanity,
their Schools and universities, than the world
hath ever been favored with in any former period.
Ship Zaanftiom, Chclden, Amllerdam.
Ship Ann, Brown, BriftQl, days.
Brig Susanna, Durry, Dublin, 4a days.
Brig Refoluuon, Jenkins, Cork, 56 days.
Schoopcr Hope, Brown, New-Providence* ij days*