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property, hath loft much. It Would be better po
licy, in the old countries of America, to allow a
bounty on the growth of timber. We to
enrich the cultivation of our improved lands anil
prcferve our wood.
Arbitrary afledinent by the opinion of one or se
veral men is an oppre/five mode ot taxation, and
ought not to be the bafts of a national revenue. This
is pratftifed, in some manner and degree, by mod of
the States within the union. Justice will not be
done through so many prejudices, as are found
in the minds of aflefiors; and if perfect justice
could be done, the felfilhnefs or ignorance of very
many will lead them to suppose they are over af
fefied. The man thus soured will grumble more
at a small taxation than for four times thefumim
pofed on known principles, and where his exa<ft
quota is calculated by the letter of the law. Taxing
of polls and unproductive property, is an injury
to the poor, and calls onthofe to pay who cannot
without making a great facrificeof their interest.
Arbitrary alleflinenr is exposed so injustice, and
lours the minds of the people. We hope these
things will be considered in the arrangement of fe
deral measures, and that such a plan will bedevif.
Ed by the treasury board, as will invite the people
and creditors to throw the debt under their man
An ORDINANCE for the rc-eltablilliinentof the
public TRANQUILITY in FRANCE, translat
ed from a Paris Gazette, of Aug. 20.
ExiraCl of the verbal proctfs of the National Alfcm
bly, Atigufl 10th, 1789.
THE National Aflembly, observing that the e
nemies of the Nation, having loft all hopes
of impeding the restoration and re-establishment
of public liberty, by the violence of defpotifin,
appear to have conceived the criminal delign of
accomplishing their ends by means of riot and an
archy ; that among other means, tiiey have at the
fame time and almost on the fame day, caused
falle alarms to be spread in the different provinces
of the kingdom, and that by lpreading reports
of incursions and robberies for which there was
110 foundation, they have excited excefl'es and
crimes which equally affect persons and property,
and who, disturbing the good order of society, de
serve the 1110 ft severe punishment; thatthofe men
have carried their audacity so far as to give out
falfe orders, and evenfalfe edicts from the King,
which have armed one part of the nation againlt
the other, at the very moment when the National
Aflembly were framing decrees the most favorable
to the intereit of the people. Considering that in
the general effervefcence, the most sacred pro
perties and even the harvests, the only hope of
the people in this time of dearth, have not been
respected : Finally, considering that the union of
all powers, the use of all means, and the zeal of all
good citizens, ought to concur in reprelfingfuch
disorders :—lt is ordained and decreed, that all the
municipal officers of the Kingdom, as well those
in cities, as in the country, shall be watchful in the
preservation of the public tranquility; and that
upon their single requisition, the national militia
as well as the marfhalfea, shall be aflifted by the
troops, for the purpol'e of purfuiwg and taking
up the disturbers of the public peace, of what con
dition soever they may be.—That the persons ta
ken up, shall be delivered to the tribunals ofjuf
tice, and immediately interrogated, and tried ;
but the judgment and execution shall be staid in
the cases of those who shall be proved to be the
authors of falfe alarms and the inlligators of pil
lage and violence, either on persons or proper
ty, and that in the mean time, copies of the in
formations, of the interrogations and other
proceedings, shall be forwarded to the National
Aflembly, in order that, upon the examination
and comparison of the proofs collected from dif
ferent parts of the kingdom, the Aflembly may
arrive a. the source of the disorders, and provide
that the leaders of these conspiracies, be subject
tofuch exemplary puniflnnent as ihall effectually
repress the like attempts.
That all seditious aflembling of the people, ei
ther in cities, or in the country, even under the
pretext of hunting, shall be immediately disper
sed by the national militia, the marfhalfea and the
troops, onj.he single requisition of the municipal
officers;— That in the towns and the municipali
ties of the country, as well as in each district of
great cities, a lift shall be taken of all fucli men
as are of 110 trade or profelfion, or have no cer
tain place of abode, who shall be disarmed, and
the national militia, the marfhalfea and the troops,
shall be particularly watchful of their conduct
That all the national militia shall take the oath in
theprefence of their commander, well and faith
fully to serve for the maintenance of peace, for the
defence of the citizens, and against the disturb
ers of the public repose ; and that all the troops,
viz. the officers of every degree, and the soldiers'
shall take an oath to the nation, and to tlieKinw'
the head of the nation, with the most sacred fo
lemnity;—That the soldiers shall l'wear in the
presence of the whole regiment under arms, ne
ver to abandon their colours, to be faithful to the
nation, to the King, and to the law, and to con
form to the rules of military discipline ; That
ill 3 officers Hi all swear at the head of their troojis,
i]i presence of the municipal officers, to remain
faithful to the nation, to the King, and to the
law ; and never to employ those under their com
mand against the citizens, except on the requifi
rion of the civil and municipal officers, which re
quifiiion shall always be read to the troops aflem
bled ; —That the curates of towns and in the coun
try, fhallread the prefeiit ordinance to their pa
rifhoners assembled in the church, and that they
shall use the influence of their ministry, with all
the zeal of which they have always given proofs,
to re-establish the public peace and tranquility,
and to bring back all the citizens to that order and
obedience which they owe tolawful authority.
His Majesty fliall be intreated to give the neces
sary orders, for the full and entire execution of
this ordinance, which shall be forwarded to all
the cities, municipalities and parishes in the king
dom, as well as to all the tribunals, to be there
read, published, polled, and inserted in the regis
Signed, Le Chapaliere, President.
Fr ere au,
PETION DE VfXLtNEUVE,
L'Abbe de Montesq_uiou,
Compared with the original at Versailles, this
13th Aug. 1 789.
L'Abbe de Montesq_uiou,
From the MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE.
Upon the Arrival of THE PR ESI DENT of the United States
in the town of Ift)STON.
f7 mater juvenem, quem Notus itviJo
Flatu Carpathu trans maris aqucra
Cunflaritium fpatio longiiis annuo
Duki dijlinet a domo,
Votis, ominibufque.et precibus vocat;
Curio nec Jacicm littore demovet j
Sic defiderus ifta fidelibus
Quxrit patria WASHINGTON. Horace.
HE comes! the Hero comes! tis He !
Who gave to Howe this high decree,
" Avaunt—Begone."—He bow'd—He fled !
And hallow'd Freedom rais'd her head,
Where Clinton shook th' avenging rod,
And round thy courts. Almighty God !
Bur coy ne, by impious phrenzy driven,
Taught the war deed to mock at Heaven.
MafTachufetts arise !
Seize the Trumpet of Fame,
lone it loud—and proclaim.
Glorious WASHINGTON'S name,
The firft born of the skies !
He comes! the Chieftain comes ! All hail !
'Twas his on Trenton's criinl'on d vale—
And Princeton's lawn'—and Brandyujwe,
To whelm in dull Britannia's line ;
'Twas his, to lead Columbia's train
1 o deathless deeds, on Monmouth's plain ;
Or bid the (lorm of battle cease,
When proud Cornwallis fu'd for peace.
Swell the divine ;
Earth repeat it again !
Ocean echo the strain !
Heaven thunder amen !
Columbia ! George Washington's thine!
He comes' the Patriot comes! tis He!
Who fought to nuke his country free ;
Whom no ambition fir'd to arms;
And when theclarion's Ihrill alarms,
Rouz'd not in wrath an angry world,
Laid by those holts which virtue hurl'd,
And bade unconquer'd legions turn,
From war's rude mound—to concord's bourne.
Heroes! mark his retreat !
Fair abode! beauteous clime!
Second Eden of time !
Is great Washington's feat!
He comes ! He comes ! He comes! tis He !
Kings! Princes! Nations! bow the knee !
Ye worlds ! pronounce, " Thy will be done
The patriot hero Walhington !
Above a Crown—a Scepter—Throne,
Rules in the heart supreme—alone,
And millions leagued in love's flrong chain,
United shout—God b/ejs his reign.
Glorious Washi ncton sway !
All the realms of the weft,
And in blefling, be blest,
Fill th' Eternal's behcit
Shall lummon thyfubjefts away :
Then call'd to the Iky,
Saercd virtue's abode !
Reign forever with God !
In the mansions on high ! Q
fiojlon, Oflober, 1789.
Portsmouth, November 5.
ON,.S0 N ,. S^ da , y l3ft - arriwd !n t,lis Metropolis, his Excellency
s^^S WASHINGTON '-»B
His Excellency was met at the line by the President and Council
of ih.s State several members of the Hon. House of Reprefcntal
thi V , h°"- v C^ S , Langd ° n 3nd Wir, S" te ' Senators fo r
b - lc -^ ll « h °n. Nicholas GUinan, Esq.—the Treafurei of this
Sum—ibr L<m» O.Ti. ■ Mu:\",al and \ !!Mr .
the Hon. Confui o! Fran.-?, I'.r Secretary of ihii Si'mf r ' ? 1 n ™
nrral Officers, attended hy Col. CogfwVll, wlt h |„, ' tvc,il(:
Light Horse, in complete uniform—a refpefljble
ccrs in the I lvil Department, and private jreiulemen
The Prehdcnt was escorted to the line bv a pirtv 6[ horse f,
o |n i " l(ler S,a ' c < jnd was there introduced, in lorm'. to thr i\
gentlemen ot diftinftion who were wailing his arrival
He then p.ifTed the troopi duwn opto receive him,'who h»
all> \icd with each other, who Iliould pay the most refnttttn/"
man whom Heaven approves, and' Americans delijht to hn„„
The Prelrdent then dismounted from his horse, took, his carp;
and was escorted to Greenland. The way. for the inoft part' W
ing lined with fpetlatois of all ranks. At Greenland he Ls'.n
by Col. Wentworth's corps of Independent Horse 'incomoW
uniform, having their standard dilplayed. as were the ftandardirf
the fevcral corps; many mote officers of the militia, and U,„i
gentlemen from this and the neighboring towns. The Prefix
after a (hoit Jtav at Greenland, remounted his horse, and pafl>d
the officers who were drawn up near the Globe Tavern umU
he ,3nd ° f thC H ° n * MaJ ° r Gcneral ClUey ' t0 falutc ' h "» *
At his entrance into this town he was saluted by thirteen can.
non from three companies of Artillery, in complete uniform
under the command of Col. Hacket. The street thro wh.cß he
palled (Congress ftrect) was lined by the citizens of the town all
the crafts being ranged alphabetically—the bellsrang a joyful peal
and repeated (bouts from grateful tlioufands, hailed their Deliver
er welcome to the Metropolis of Newhamplhire.
Then did the people*s jujl applauses rife,
And the loudjhout ran echoing thro the Jkies.
A federal salute was fired from theCaftle, the ships l n the har
bor weredreflTed, and the windows and doors of every houfc were
crowded with ladies, anxious to fee and bless the man to whom
America (lands fomuch indebted.
On his arrival at the State House, he was conduced to the S
enate Chamber, by the President and Council of this State, and
took his llation in the balcony, when in a stage ere&ed for that
purposed, three Odes, for the occasion, were fungbva
number of gentlemen, accompanied by the band.
Then the whole of the troops, under the command of Major.
Geeeral Cilley, parted him in review, horse, foot, and artillery,
and the line of officers, every officer saluting as he paired. The
troops then retired, and the President was condu&ed to his lode
ings, at Col. Brewfter's, by the President and Council of this
State, the Hon. Mr. Langdon, and the Marftial of this diftritt,
escorted by a company under arms, and in complete uniform.
Every thing was conducted with the greatest poflible order and
regularity—each countenance beamed with liveiv joy—sorrow
was banifhedfar away, and each heart beat grateful to the name of
In the evening the State House was beautifully illuminated—
thirteen rockets were let off the balcony—Mutual congratulations
took place, and the day concluded without any unlucky occurrence
to mar the pleasure excited by so auspicious an event. Thus far
for the day—We flatter ourselves it will be remembered so
as patriotism continues to be a virtue, and the name of WASH
INGTON to found grateful to American cars.
On Sunday last, the illustrious President of the United States,
accompanied by his Excellency President Sullivan, and the Hon.
Mr. Langdon, together with his two Secretaries, attended divine
service at the Queen's Chapel in the morning, and at thefirft Con
gregational Church in the afternoon. The President was then
conducted to his pew, attended by the Marftial of this dtllrift, and
two Church Wardens with their staves. On this uncommon occa
sion, both houses of woi(hip were crowded with
whom were a brilliant concourse of the fair daughters of Hantonia,
whofc lovely countenances teftifiedthe heart-felt joy, the prclenc:
of their illustrious countryman inspired.
The Rev. MefTrs Ogden and Buckminfter, in their well adapted
difcourfcs, paid a just and beautiful eulogium, on the numerous
virtues of this dignified personage, whose appearance diffufed such
general joy, and awakened in every bread the most grateful sensa
tions. Felicitating their numerous hearers on the happy occasion,
which called them together, to offer up their unfeigned thanks,
to the Supreme Ruler of the World, for all his mercies, and to
implore a continuance of his divine and gracious benediction on
the head of their beloved chief.
At the Queen's Chapel, several pieces of sacred music were per
formed, suited to the above occasion.
On Monday morning the President of the United States (ac
companied by President Sullivan, the Hon. Mr. Langdon, the
Marshal of this diftrift, the Confui of France) and his two Secre
taries, took an excurlion down the harbor. The barge which
contained the President, was rowed by seamen dressed in white
frocks, having for its coxswain, Capt. Hopley Yeaton, of thu
The barge which contained the Confui of France, and the Pre
sident's two Secretaries, was rowed by seamen, dressed in round
blue jackets, with round hats decorated with blue ribbowaoo
The President was landed and made a (hort tarry at Kittery,
the Province of Maine.
A number of young gentlemen who compose the banding
town, anxious to afford our illustrious and beloved President, ail
the entertainment in their power, followed him in a barge, ana
performed several pieces of music on the water, we hope to lJ
acceptance. His Excellency was landed at Col. Wentwort $
feat, from thence proceeded to town by land, when he was again
saluted by a discharge of artillery from Church hill: Then f
President and suit, with a number of gentlemen of diftiottWi
dined with the Hon. Mr. Langdon. ~
On Tuefdayan elegant entertainment was given by the Preli 0
and Council of this State to the President of the United States, i
which were pre sent most of the principal officers of Government
the bar, clergy, and many other gentlemen of diftinftion, to
number of one hundred. After dinner the following toalts we
ift. The PRESIDENT of the United States.*
2d. LOUIS the 16th, the Defender of Freedom.
3d. The 4th of July, 1776.
4th. Our friends and allies throughout the world.
sth. The Vice President of the United States. .
6th. May the illustrious author of our liberties long remain
Protestor. , c
7th. The band of heroes who fought and bled in the cauc
Freedom. . 1.
Bth. May the posterity of those patriots who laid the o un
tion of our liberty, long support its glorious fabric.
9th. May the wisdom of our cabinet, preserve the frui $
contest in the field. . f , ton ,
10th. May the commerce of America travel with the un,
ly go down with the skies. r reC .
nth. From the sources of American Independence m y
dom be diffufed through the earth. f
In the evening an elegant ball was g :ve n W'jhe gentler
Portsmouth, which the President honored with his pre e
he was introduced to a brilliant circleof more than leverl)'
The President being seated, an excellent song wasfung a n j D g
led by the band ; after which the dances began, an occa fjon
passed away with all the joy and good humor which
naturally inspired. ' , ~, t left this
Yesterday morning, at half past seven the rre 1
town, on his return to New-York, and will take 1
parts of this State in his tour.
After the firfl toafl, the Prcfdcnt arcfe } *ni.very
State of New- fiamppiire.