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from the PENNSYLVANIA PACKET.
To the FARMERS of PENNSYLVANIA, and
BY the latest accounts from Europe, there is
reason to expect that there will be, for some
time, a demand for large quantities of wheat and
flour for exportation from the United States. At
the fame time it is well known, that from the le
vere drought which has prevailed for several
weeks pait, the crops of wheat sown this year too
generally wear a very unpromising afpe»ft. These
confulerafions have induced me to communicate
the result of an experiment, among several others,
linadelaft fall, witli a view to ascertain the best
method of guarding againll the destructive opera
tions of the Heffiaji Fly, which at that time was
fuppoled would coihe forward from the eastward,
upon 'the grain cnjps ; but, through the favor of
Divine Providenct, our apprehenlions on that ac
count feemnow t/o be entirely removed.
The sth day of November last, which was a
bouttwo months after the proper time of sowing
moll kinds of wheat, I sowed apiece of buck-wheat
fiubble with yellow-bearded wheat, at the rate of
five pecks per acre*; when the winter came 011,
the feed scarcely had vegetated, and until the be
ginning of May the whole appeared exceedingly
backward ; but at the following harvest (the 16th
of July) I liadthe unexpected fatisfaclion of reap
ing as fine a crop as I, or any of my neighbors, had
from an equal quantity of ground sown in the
month of September. The foil, aloomy clay, was
in tolerable heart, but had not been manured for
many years ; it was ploughed about eight inches
deep, the feed sown over furrow, and a few fur
rows cut with the plough, to carry off any excess
of water. The ground had two other ploughings
of the above depth the fame year, viz. in the month
of April, for spring barley, and in July for the
buck-wheat crop. A heavy roller was drawn over
the buck-wheat Hubble, in order to break down
the hard clods that lay on the furface of the ground
which could not be reduced by the plough and
harrow. But as few farmers in this State are pro
vided with this ufeful machine, it may be observ
ed, that this operation, tho of service, is not es
sentially neceflary, nor will it be advifeable for
those who have been in the too common pra<flice
of ploughing their lands from three to four inches
deep, to plough double that depth, and immedi
ately sow wheat, 011 a foil which, perhaps, has ne
ver before been expoied to the acftion of the fun
and air. But yet, a small portion of frefh earth,
turned up with the old worn out foil, may not be
The yellow-bearded wheat may be had of seve
ral persons, who procured feed last year from
Long-Island; but where it cannot be had, foine
other kinds may probably answer nearly as well,
particularly the common red and yellow wheat,
which are efteeined the hardiest.
As the earth is now very dry, and consequently
in a good condition to receive late crops, (more
especially if rain should follow soon after) I am
about sowing all my buck-wheat stubble and po
tatoe fallows, with yellow-bearded wheat (except
a small part with the other forts, on trial) and
Several fields of wheat and rye have lately been
ploughed up, and the ground sown over again,
from being much injured by the infed: called the
Louse, which frequently makes great havoc in dry
seasons ; but it is doubufvl whether this will al
ways anl wer, as it has been experienced thatthefe
infects (many of which still remain alive in the
ground, if ftie drought continues)have often de
voured thefhoots of even afecond sowing.
Having given the foregoing circumltances, I
fliall not at present fpendany time in speculative
reasoning. If any considerable quantity of wheat
can be railed by the means I haveftated, in addi
tion to what maybe produced from that already
sown, my aim will be anfvvered.
Fountain Green, October 24, 1789.
N. B. This Address would have been firft hand
ed to the Philadelphia Agricultural Society, for
their infpecftion, but their next meeting will not be
held until the roth of next month, which would
render the publication too late to serve the pur
* When winter grain is sown later >than usual, a greater quan"
tity of feed should be allowed, as it is apt not to tiller or ftooi so
well as when sown earlier.
THE ladies can, if they please, retaliate severe
ly on those who treat them not with the respect
they merit. A gentleman who had married a
second wife, indulged hiinfelf in recuring too'of
ten in conversation to the beauty and virtues of
his firft consort. He had, however, barely dis
cernment enough to discover, that the fubjeft
■was not agreeable to his present lady. " Excuse
"me madam,faid he, I cannot help expreffingmy
" regret for the dear deceased " Upon my
" honor, said the lady, I can molt heartily affirm
" that I am as fncere # mourner for her, as ytu can
The HERMIT, and liis DOG.
From Sympathy, a poem.
IN life's fair morn, I knew an aged seer,
Who fad and lonely pafs'd his joyless year;
Betrav'd, heart-broken, from the world he ran,
And fhunn'd, oh dire extreme, the face of man ;
ilumblv he rear'd his hut within the wood,
Hermit his veil, a hermit's was his food,
Nitch'd in fomc corner of the gelid cave,
Where chilling drops the rugged rockftone lave ;
Hour after hour, the melancholy sage,
Drop after drop to reckon, would engage
The ling'ring day, and trickling as they fell,
A tear went with them to the narrow well;
Then thus he moraliz'd as (low it pafs'd,
44 This, brings me nearer Lucia than the last;
" And this, now ftrcaming from the eye," laid he,
44 Oh, my lov'd child, will bring me nearer thee."
When firft he roam'd, his dog with anxious care,
His wand'rings watch'd, as emulous to fharc ;
In vain the faithful brute was bid to go,
In vain the sorrower fought a lonely woe.
The Hermit paus'd, th' attendant dog was near,
Slept at his feet, and caught the falling tear ;
Up rose the Hermit, up the dog would rife,
And every way to win a mailer tries.
44 Then be it so. Come faithful fool," he said ;
One pat encourag'd, and they fought the shade ;
An unfrequented thicket soon they found,
And both repos'd upon the leafy ground ;
Mellifluous murm'rings told the fountains nigh,
Fountains, which well a pilgrim's drink supply,
And thence, by many a labyrinth is led,
Where ev'ry tree beftow'd an ev'ning bed.
Skill'd in the chace, the faithful creature brought
Whate'er at morn or moon-light course he caught ;
But the sage lent his fympathv to all,
Nor saw unwept his dumb alfociates fall.
He was, in sooth, the gentlest of his kind,
And tho a Hermit, had a social mind :
44 And why, said he, must man subsist by prey,
44 Why Hop yon melting music on the spray ?
44 Why, when aflail'd by hounds and hunter's cry,
44 Mull half theharmlefs race in terrors die ?
44 W r hy must we work of innocence the woe ?
44 Still (hall this bolom throb, these eyes o'erflow ;
44 A heart too tender here, from man, retires,
44 A heart that aches, if but a wren expires."
Thus liv'd the mailer good, the servant true,
'Till to its God the mailer's spirit fiew ;
Befidea fount which daily water gave,
Stooping to drink, the Hermit found a grave;
All in the running ftreain his garments spread,
And dark, damp verdure ill conceal'd his head ;
The faithful servant from that fatal day
Watch'd the lov'd corpse, and h urly pin'd away ;
His head upon his mailer's cheek was found,
W r hile the obilru£led water mourn'd around.
LONDON, August 2j.
THE present Pope will probably be the last.—
There is every reason to suppose that his suc
cess will be no more than Bishop of Rome, or per
haps Patriarch of the Weft.
The emancipation of France will give such an
overthrow to Popery, that it is probable, in pro
cess of time, the purest religion may beeftablifhed
there, and that is the ProteltantSyftem.
The key which hangs to the Popes' Girdle will
have few locks hereafter, except those of Heaven,
to open :—his revenue from France cut off, Po
land declining, and Avignon in a state of revolt,
how are the holy coffers to be filled.
His Holinefi the Pope may now truly be said,
—to :nount the papal chair,
And scatter empty thunders to the air;
Grimly prcTide in superstition's school,
And curse those kingdoms he can never rule.
The Ealt India company are extending their
commerce in many branches hitherto unattempt
ed, and in particular their exportation of copper,
of which they have sent out this year to the amount
of two thousand five hundred tons.
The Ruffian force in the Baltic, nowconfifts of
37 fail of the line, frigates and other vell'els in
The Prince of Naflau who commands the Squa
dron of Ruffian Gallies, is about to land the troops
who are to cut off the retreat of the Swedes across
The squadron of gallies which failed from
Stockholm, the 14th of July for Finland, had un
der their charge 50 transports, with 2300 troops
On the 16tli ult. the King of Denmark, noticed
to the College of War, at Copenhagen, that he
had appointed Prince Charles of Helle, Stadthol
der of the Dutchefsof Hollfeinand Slefwig, to re
gulate the necefl'ary preparations for fixing a
camp in Holftein, as well as the station where the
troops were to aftemble.
The Prince Royal is to attend this encampment,
and was to set out from Copenhagen the 10th ult.
Prince Charles of Hefle has been for some weeks
at Berlin, and is to meet his Royal Highness at
Extrafl of a letter from Canterbury, Aug. 20.
" Last week Madam Neckar pafl'ed through
this city on her way to London."
In the 128 th session of the Diet of Poland, they
deliberated on making a compensation for there
venues of the Bishops, who (hould succeed to ac
tual bishoprics. After long debates, they deci
ded that all Bishops fliould have 100,000 florins
annually, and the Arclibifhop of Guefne, as Pri
mate, 200,000. The Ruffian Bishops of the Greek
church should have yo,ooo florins, and their Arch
bishops 100,000. The reft of the revenue enjoy
ed by the Bishops isconfigned to the Treasury.
The following is the head of the Emperor', D t
claration of the i 4 th of Anguit, i 789, conceiv
ing the Universities:
It revokes his edirt of the 16tli of October, 17 36
wherein he granted to the Hifhops the liberty of
inrtrutfingtluir pupils in the priesthood in their
own universities instead of fending them to Lou
vaine, as was formerly the cafe.
Restores to the University of Louvaine, th; n r : :
of nomination, of which it was deprived bv liis Edict
of the 24th-of November, 1782.
Declares, that he is ready to make the greatelt
concellions for the tranquility of his subjects:
As this EdicT: was the principal cause of the trou
bles in the Low Countries, there is reason to be
lieve that every thing will return to its former
Extratt of a Utter from Paris, Aug. 17.
" 1 informed you in my last, that an opinion
had begun to prevail, that the explosion of gun
powder near Vefoul, bywhich itwasfaidfo many
lives had been loft, was the effetft of chance, and
not of design. This opinion is now generally
received ; and the Lord of Quince, who was con
lidered as a monster in nature and justly too, whilst
he was thought to have been the author of a
deliberate design to blow up his neighbors, is now
pretty generally acquitted of the finalleft fliare
of guilt in this transaction.
The particulars of the cafe are thus ftatcd in
an account taken upon thefpot : Three dragoons
were walking in the park where the explosion
took place, in this park there stood a pavilion,
where the powder and arms belonging to the Lord
de Quince were kept. It was well knownin the
neighbourhood, that this was the place where
the nobleman had always kept his powder and
arms. They procured a light, and probably
went about with it to look at the different tilings
that were in the building. It is conjectured th e
finding a barrel of gun-powder (there was only
onein thepavilion) and not knowing what it con
tained, they were not as careful with refpeiftto
the candle as they would otherwise have been,
and thus incautiouily set fire to the powder, which
destroyed them and the building. Thus they
fell vicftims to their own imprudence and intoxi
cation. The mangled bodies of these three men
were found ; and after a minute inveftigationic
does not appear that any other person whatever
was either killed or hurt by the explosion, so lit
tle truth was there in the report which at iirlt
prevailed, that the Lord de Quince, through ha
tred to the popular caufe,had blown up his guests,
whom, for the mod liellifh purpose, he had invi
ted to his house. Had this unfortunate, but in
nocent gentleman, fallen into the hands of the
people immediately after this accident happened,
and before they were cool enough to reflect, and
enquire into the cafe,there is 110 doubt but he
would have been made to fuffer the mod cruel
death, that the people could devise, who in inflict
ing would think that they were doing a meritor
ious deed, and an atft of justice.
" All the Swiss soldiers who were quartered at
Courbevoix, deserted, the 7th, Bth, and 9th inft.
They took with them from their barracks every
article of value that they could remove."
INTELLIGENCE I',Y THE LAST MAIL.
PHILADELPHIA, Odlober 27.
Extract of a letter from Kentucky, Sept. 29, 17^9*
" The Indians having committed of late many
depredations 011 our frontiers, an expedition was
formed by Col. John Ha rung, with 200 men,
in order to invade the Indian country —this body
of volunteers mar ched from the fallsoftlie Ohio,
011 the 26th of August, directly for the Wabafh
they arrived in good order, without the loss ofs
single man—on reaching the Indians settlement
oh the Wabafh, they were opposed by a party of
about 30 Indians, whom they soon attacked and
defeated—the Indians leaving fix dead and nine
wounded, with a good deal of plunder on the
field. After this defeat, Col. Harlingpenetrate
further up the river, towards the Indian tours,
which were all evacuated by the enemy—the
corps then returned, after deftroyingone ot the"
towns, their cattle, corn, &c. and arrived at tie
falls on the 28th of September, without lofmg 3
man. The report which has for some time pa
been spread of Mr. Jacob Funck being killed y
the Indians is erroneous, being still in this coun
try, and well."
The Legifiature of New-Jersey will meet oh
Tuesday the 27th, at the City of Perth-Am o,'0 ,'
for jthe dispatch of the business of the
when, amongst other matters of importance,
choice of a Governor will not hold the o«
rank. The distinguished character that has u
the chair from the firft dawn of American n
pendence, presided in the midst of danger* ■
lent an helping hand to the formation or a
ftitution, the result of the united efforts 0
bravelt and wisest of our American fathe' S■
pofleflcs the hearts, will unqueftionabl\y, ' ,j , ■
tsforc obtain the unanimous fuffrages of a ,