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SPRINGFIELD, October 21.
On Saturday last arrived in town from New-
York, His Excellency JOHN ADAMS, Vice-Pre
sident of the United States of America, accom
panied by The Most Hon. TRISTRAM DALTON,
one of the Senators from this State to the Nation
al Congress : On the Monday following they pro
ceeded on their journey to the eastward. How
pleasing the idea, that the moil venerable and
respectable chara&ersof our Federal Legillature,
pay I'uch ftriet attention to the sabbath.—That
time, which is by many gentlemen too often ap
propriated to serve their temporal interests, in
journeying, &c. is spent byonr national rulers in
such a manner, as, while it reflects the higlieft
honor on our holy religion, mud be considered as
a gentle rebuke to tliofe whole conducft 011 such
days, as occalion offers, is truly reprehenlible.
HARTFORD, OCTOBER 26.
The Illustrious President of the Unlted
States with his Suite, arrived in this city on
Monday last, escorted by the Governor's troop of
hrfrfe guards, drefledin an elegant uniform; and
by a large number of gentlemen on horseback.
Tuesday he spent the day in town—went to view
the various branches of woolen manufacture, and
exprefled great fatisfadlion at the progress which
had been made in that ufeful undertaking. On
Wednesday, he proceeded on his tour to the Eas
tern States. The Corporation exprefled their
own sentiments andthofeof their fellow-citizens
in the following address :
To the PRESIDENT of the UNITED STATES.
S I R,
THE Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council
of the City of Hartford, beg leave most re
fpedfully to congratulate the Prelident of the U
nited States 011 his accefiion to the high office of
Chief Magistrate ; and with cordial hearts to wel
come his arrival in this City.
Wefeelourfelves bound by every tie of duty and
patriotism to acknowledge, in common with the
people of America, our gratitude for your fig nal
and disinterested services during the late war ; by
which the citizens of the United States have been
protected in their claims for libtrty and indepen
dence.—That you have been pleased torelinquilh
the pleasures of retirement, to ensure, by a wile
administration, the continuance of those bleflings
to the people. —Also to profefs our sincere attach
ment to your person, and determination to support
the honor and welfare of your government.
THOMAS SEYMOUR, Mayor.
To which the Pre ft dent was pleased to return the
T0 the Ma yo R, Ald ERm EN, and Co mMo NCo uN -
CIL, of the City of HARTFORD.
GRATEFUL- f or the favorable difpoptien difco
vcrcd towards me in your address, Ireceive your con
gratulations withpleafure, and I thank yourgoodnefs
The indulgent partiality with which my fellow-citi
tizens are pleased to regard my public fervtces, is
the mo]} acceptable compensation they can receive, and
amply rewards them.
While industry gives an ajfurance of plenty, andrt
fpc[lfor the taws maintains the harmony offociety, there
is every reason to hope for the individual happiness oj
our citizens, and the dignity of our government, in
(midud like yours.
Hartford, Oflober 21, 1759-
BOSTON, October 24.
OnThurfday last, Jol'eph Barrel, Samuel Breck,
and William Euftis, Kfquires, a sub-committee of
the committee of the town, for making arrange
ments for the reception of THE PRESIDEN 1 of
the United States, fat out to meet that illustrious
character at Worcester; from whence they return
ed last evening, having had an interview with
him at 10 o'clock yesterday, in which they in
formed him of the wishes of our citizens—-and
although the Prelident was desirous to come into
town iti a private manner—yet to gratify the in
habitants, he cheerfully altered his arrangements
foas to coincide with thole of the town.
We are sorry to learn, that the vilit of our be
loved Prelident will be but short—and that 011
Thursday he will let out for Portsmouth.
The bells will ring fifteen minutes 011 the arri
val of the Prelident.
We are told, that the Viscount de PONTEVES,
and the Captains of His Most Chriltian Majesty s
Squadron, have declined accepting the invitation
of the Committee of Arrangements to take a leat
•11 the balcony ereified at the State-House on the
arrival of the Prelident, as the ordinances of their
King require them to be on board their ships when
the Chief Magistrate of a nation arrives at the
place in which they lay, to give him the cuftotnary
salutes. After the Prelident has taken his resi
dence, we hear, the Officers, attended by the
Hon. Consul of France, will proceed thereto, and
pty him their respects.
At Mrs. Ingerso ll's lioufe, in Court-Street,
preparations are making to accommodate 1 H. L .
PRESIDENT of the United States—at which
place he will reside during his stay in this town.
lii honor of THE PRESIDENT, have agreed
(a correspondent informs us) to wear the follow
ing DEVICE in a falh—abroad white ribon, with
G. W. in gold letters (or lpangles) encircled with
a laurel wreath in front—oil one end of the sash
to be painted the Amir 'tcan Eagle, and 011 the other
a Fleur de lit.
The Selectmen have ordered the streets to be
cleared and cleaned from the State House to the
head of IVajhington-Street.
Arrived at Portsmouth the (lup Hannah, Capt. Turner, from
Cape-Francois, in 21 clays. Markets low—very low indeed.
Not a peifon is to be ieen at the Cape (or indeed at any of s he
French mands) without the National Cockade in his hat, blue
and white —and Vive la Nation all the cry.
PORTSMOUTH, October 20.
It is now beyond a doubt that THE PRESIDENT
of the United States will visit this town, and
thereby afford the citizens thereof an opportuni
ty of paying their respects to the man whom
Heaven hasfeletted from the millions of Ameri
ca, to hold the sceptre of peace and wield the
sword of war. Already we anticipate the ardor
which will pervade our fellow-citizens on so hap
py,an occasion—aged, middle aged, old and young
—the venerable matron, and the sprightly virgin
—the hulbandman—the Rev. Clergy—the Bar—
Merchants—Mechanics—Laborers—all of every
rank and order, with united hearts and voices,
welcoming their Father, Friend, and (under
Heaven) their PROTECTOR, to the capital of
THE IRISH PEASANT.
LOOK at him, courteous readers ! that poor
peasant, with all the feelings incident to hu
man nature, with a heart as truly brave and no
ble as that which animated an Alexander, with a
proportion of the milk of human kindness flowing
through all his veins, and perhaps too the de
fcendent of Irish Nobility, nay, of Irish Kings
and Chieftains, is now laboring hard to support
a wife, an aged mother, and eleven children, up
-0114 d. a day, out of which he pays £.2 a year for
his wretched hovel, (inferior by far to anorthern
pig ltye) a ridge of potatoe ground ; so that for
the maintenance of fourteen persons he has about
£.6 If. Bd. a year, from which, if we deduct the
tithe of his little garden, his opprellive hearth
money tax, his minister's monies and his priest's
dues, our wretched peasant and all his family will
have about £.5 3. year for clothes,tobacco and main
tenance, upon an average less a great deal than
if. annually a head. But that is not the worftof
the matter, for in some parts of the kingdom this
brave, this generous fellow, who would:fhare his
potatoe and water with all his heart with a Arran
ger, the mendicantand the friendlefs, is used more
cruelly than a negro Have, not only by the ty
rant his landlord and master, but by the grip
ing avaricious procftor, the inercilefs hearth mo
ney man, and every creature round him who can
afford to wear, eat, and drink better than himfelf.
His family, alas, are totally naked ! That old flan
nel jacket and broken sheepskin breeches, all his
cloathing throughout the different seasons of the
year; a dirty wad of straw, more resembling lit
ter from its sge,thebed of ware fortlie whole fa
mily ; with the addition of a pig, if he is lucky
enough to have one; a ragged cadow, and a pot
to boil their potatoes; all their worldly effects, if
so lucky as to have been able to screen them from
the rapacious clav.s of the fmokeman and his con
ttable—Potatoes, as I said before, their only vi
ands, the limpid Itreain their beverage, and cow
and horse dung their fuel ! —Heavenly powers !
such wretchedness is hardly supportable !—lean
110 more !
Prelates and Kings may (lomifh or may fade,
A breath can make them, as a breatli has made;
But a bold peasantry a nation's pride, ,
If once destroyed can never be supplied.
NEW-YORK, OCTOBER 31.
The President of the United States arrived
at Cambridge, Maflachufetts, on-Saturday last—
where he was received by the third division of
the Middle!ex militia, confuting of 1000 men, in
complete uniform, under the command of the
Hon. Major-General Brooks.
The Lieutenant Governor and Council of the
Commonwealth (the Governor being indisposed)
escorted by Col. Tyler's light dragoons, with a
large number of other'gentlemen, met the Pre
sident at Cambridge, from w hence they attended
him to the metropolis.
Between the hours of two and three P. M. he
arrived at Bofton—lt is said his intention was to
have entered the town by the way of Cliarlef
town Bridge ; but at the requelt of a refpe<ftable
committee from the inhabitants, and to coincide
with the wishes of the people, and the arrange
ments made for his reception, he was pleased to
alter his route, and accordingly made his entry
at the fouthpartofthe town, amidlt the plaudits
of an immense multitude of grateful, free and
loyal citizens. The Bells immediately began a
joyful peal.—A grand procelfion was formed,
consisting of the civil, clerical, and military pro
fellions, with the various branches of trade, arts,
and manufactures—\vliU-h witli .1 furrou*uling
concourse, (aid to amount to upwards of 20,000
perlons, attended Th :: Pre si dent tothc State-
House—where the whole proceiTion palled in re
view before him.
The independent military companies, from
thence, escorted him to liis lodgings in Courr
flreet —where they fired a salute, and were dil -
milled. The transactions of this joyous day were
conducted without the lealt accident, or confu
L'Active, and le Senstbt e, two frigatesbe-
I longing to the division of His Molt Criltian Ma
jelly's navy, under the command of the Right
Hon. TheVilcount dePonteves, were beau
tifully illuminated in the evening—and fire works
exhibited from 011 board.
The public buildings of the town were like
wise illuminated, and fire-works dilplayed in the
moll public ltreets.
The Procession of the people in Bolton mult
be considered as the greatest mark of attention
that they could polfibly exhibit to teftify their ve
neration for The President of the United
States—This was the mode they chose to express
their feelings 011 the ratification of the Con
stitution ; an event that excited sensations of
pleasure, and rapture in the public mind, superi
or to any tranfaiftion recorded, or that could
then be conceived.
On Tuesday laft> tliere was to be an Oratorio at
the Chapel Church in Bolton—it was expedted
the President would honor the performance
with his presence.
The universal andfpontaneous efFufions ofgra
titudeand refpedl, which are discovered by the
people to The President of the United States,
in every stage of his progress through the ealtem
States, afford the livelielt and ftrongelt teflimo
nies oftheirattachment to this illultrious charac
ter—they are, to a feeling heart, and as he beau
tifully exprefles it in his answer to the Hartford
Address, "the molt acceptable compensation for
public services"—while at the fame time they
are the highelt compliment to the patriotilin ami
goodfenfeof the people.
When we read accounts of the triumphal en
tries of the Roman conquerors, with wretched
vidlinis dragged at their chariot wheels, how funk
and depraved does human nature appear ! Can it
be pollible tliata people who took delightin such
fpeiftacles of barbarity, ever felt a sentiment of
generous freedom ? No—it cannot be fuppofeel
that they ever did. Their boalted freedom, and
love of liberty, conlilted in a power and disposi
tion to humble, and enslave all the world beside.
With what propriety then are their examples cit
ed as models for the imitation of the free, and
enlightened citizens of the American Republic ?
The people of the United States love good go
vernment—and their honelt and conliltent patri
ots are refpeifted to a degree of veneration—Nor
can an inltance be pointed out of their everde
ferting, or ceasing to express the ltrongeft at
tachment to their civil rulers, where abilities and
integrity are united, and the public mind has fair
play.—But as men of honelty, and fair princi
ples, are more liable to impolition, than charac
ters long prac r ti fed in the arts of deceit, and cun
ning—so the generous confidence of the people is
often betrayed,by themilreprefentations of those,
whose interell cannot be advanced, while honest
men Itand in their way, or enjoy the public
" Allpolitical edifices that are not built and sus
tained upon this foundation, of defending the
weak againfl the oppretfor, mult tumble into a tyran
ny, even worse than anarchy.
"To fence and establish the divinely inherent
right, of security to the person and property of man,
has been the Itudy and attempt of all legislators,
and systems of civil polity, that ever warmed the
world with a fingleray of freedom.
" Butfo flrong is the propensity to usurpation
in man ; so dangerous is it to tempt individual or
collective truflees with the investiture of uncoil
troulable power ; so difficult to -watch the Watchers,
reflrain the Rejlrainers, from injustice ; that whe
ttierthe government were committed to the One,
the Few,or the Many, the parties entrulled have
generally proved traitors ; and deputed power
has almolt perpetually been seized upon as pro
| Cj® The Editor has received a paper from Boston
containing some particulars of the procession ; but as
the Printers fay it was compiled in hatle, he hopes to
be able to give a correal account next week.
(£3* IF JOHN BAYES, who latch lived with a Farmer at Pe
tapfco-Nech, near Baltimore, andformerly from Northampton [hire jn
England, or his fori William Baves, zoho lived n ith Robert Rohert-
Jon, tavern-keeper, in Redminjler-Townfhip, Penn fxlvania, are living
andwill fend an account of themselves, and where they are, or either of
them may le found, to SAMUEL F.LAM, at Newport, Rlwde-lfland,
they will hear of something to their advantage. Information of the dc
ccafe of either of those pcrfons, (should such an event have happened)
would be ejleemed a favor, directed as above.
New-York, O&ober 21, 1789.
WAN VED, to complete Files of this paper, numbers 30,40, 43,
44 46, and 48 : Six pence each will be paid for eithe* of those number*
at'the office of the Editor. Ofleber 24,