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r Several other gentlemen [pake upon both fides of this
L fn 0/t . b,ut our limits will not admit of inffrttng their
/ihe'queftion being taken, the duty was contin
ued at 6 cents. # > , ■
Mr Sherman moved, that card Mire bs added
to the articles exempted from Impost—which was
having proceeded through the re
mainder of the report (except the duty on tonnage,
which was poitponed) appointedMr.CLYME,' ,Mr.
White, and Mr. Baldwin, a committee, to draft
and report a bill.
A resolution of the Senate was then read, pur
porting that they had appointed Mr. Johnston,
Mr Izard,and Mr. Maclav a committee,to deter
wine and report, reflecting the papers in the late
Secretary's office. *1 lie Houl'c concurred, and ap
pointed Mr. Trumbull, Mr. C .rw i ,-D. h, : nci
Mr. Jackson, to join the committee of the Senate.
Wednesday, Atril 29.
A letter from Matthias OgDiH, Esq. of New-
Terfey, addrefled to the Speaker, incloling a peti
tion and remonstrance of a number of citizens of
Ncw-Jerfcy, alledging, that certain irregularities
had prevailed at their late election, and that undue
means has been used to bias the voters ; also com
plaining of the return made by the Governor, was
read, together with the petition, and committed to
the committee of elections.
The House took up the consideration of the re
folutiofl of the Senate for attending divine service,
in St. Paul's church, immediately after the oath is
adininiitered to the President, and concurred there
with. _ , _
A committee was appointed to prepare an efti
mateofthe probable amount of the revenue on
impost, agreeably to the duties lately ag' eed to ;
and to procure an eftirriate of the public debt.
Friday, Maiv i, 17P9.
The Speech of the President, to the two Hcnfes
of Congvefs yesterday, was read, and referred to
a committee of the whole House.
The Houle then resolved itfelf into a committee,
and Mr. Page took the chair.
Mr. Madison then introduced a resolution to
the following effect, viz. ■
Resolved, as the opinion of this committee, that
a feleift committee of the House be appointed, to
prepaie an address to the Piefident, congratulat
ing hiin on his appointment to the office of Pre
sident of thef'e States by the unanimous voice of
his countrymen —expressing the approbation of the
Houle of the liberal and patriotic sentiments, con
tained in his speech, and their concurrence iij e
very plan which he has or may propose, to secure
the liberties, promote the harmony,and advance the
happinefe and prosperity of their country.— I his
resolution being adopted, the committee was dis
solved, and the Speaker resumed the chair—when
the following gentlemen were elected a commit
tee, agreeably to the resolve—Mr. Madison, Mr.
Clymer, Mr. Sh cßmam, Mr. Bi nson, Mr. Gale.
A proposition for the appointment of a com,
mittee, to take into consideration, what compen
sation lhall be made to the President for his fervi
ces, was after some conversation referred to a com
mittee of the whole upon the state of the Union.
Upon motion of Mr. Shfrman, to take up the
order of the day—it was voted to come to the choie
of a Chaplain—the ballots being collected—the
Reverend Mr. Linn was chosen.
Adjourned until Monday.
NEIV.WRK, MAT 2.
On Thursday laft,agreeably to the resolution of
bothHjufes of Congress, the inauguration ofTHE
PRESIDENT of the UNITED STATES was so
At nine o'clock, A. M.* the people aflembled in
the several churches,with tl - Clergy of therefpec
tive denominations, to implore the blessing of Hea
ven upon the new govermemt, its favor and pro
tection to the PRESIDENT, and l'uccefs and ac
ceptance to his administration.
About twelve o'clock the procession moved from
the House of the President, in Cherry-Street —
through Queen, Great Dock and Broid Sreets, to
the Federal State House, in the following order :
Attended by two Officers.
With the Troop of Horse.
Major Van Horns.
Grenadiers, under Capt. Harsin,
German Grenadiers, underCapt. Scri ba.
The Infantry of the Brigade.
Committee of the Senate.
•sjajijio ri A o
Committee oftlie Representatives.
Hon. Mr. Jay.
Several gentlemen of distinction.
When within a proper distance of the State-lloufe,
the troops formed a line on both fides of the way,
'I HE PRESIDENT palling through, was conducted
into the Senate Chamber, and introduced to both
iloufo of Congress,
Immediately after, accompanied by the two
Houles, he was conducted into the Gallery adjoin
ing the Senate Chamber,and fronting Broad-Street,
where, in the presence of an immense concourse
of citizens, the Oath, prescribed by the Conllitu
tion, was adminifteried to him by the Hon. R. R.
Esq. Chancellor of the State of
i lie Chancellor then proclaimed him THE PRE
SIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, wliich'was
followed by the instant discharge of i 3 cannon,
and loud repeated shouts : the President bow
ing to the people, the air again rang with their
acclamations: He then retired with the two Houses
to the Senate Chamber, where he made the follow
TE L LOW-Ct Tl ZENS OF THE SENATE,
anp of the House of Representatives,
AMONG the viciflitudes incident to life, no event could hafve
filltd me with greater anxieties, than that of which the notification
was' transmitted by your order, and received on the 14th day ol
the present month.—On the one hand, I was summoned by my
country, whose voice I can never hear but with veneration and
love, from a retre. which I had chosen with the fondeft predi
lection, and in my flattering hopes, with an immutable decision,
as the asylum of my declining years ; a retreat which was rendered
every day more necefTary as well as more dear to me, by the ad
dition of habit to inclination, and of frequent interruptions in my
heal oh to the gradual waftc committed on it by time. On the
other the magnitude and difficulty of the trust to which the
voice of my country called me, being fufficient to awaken in the
wisest and mod experienced of her citizens, a diftruflful scrutiny
into his qualifications, 'could not but overwhelm with despondence,
one, who, inheriting inferior endowments from nature, and un
praftifed in the duties of civil adminillration, ought to be pecu
liarly conscious of his own deficiencies. In this conflict of emo
tions, all I dare aver, is, that it has been my faithful study to col
lect my duty from ajuft appreciation of every circumstance, by
v. hidi it might be afte&ed. All 1 dare hope, is, that, if in execu
ting this task, I have been too much swayed by a grateful remcm
bran eof former inflances, or bv an affe&ionate sensibility to this
tranfeendant prods of the confidence of my fellow citizens; and
have thence too little consulted my incapacity as well as disincli
nation, for the weighty apd untried cares before me; my error
will be palliated by the motives which misled me, and its confe
rences b& judged by my country, with some share of the parti
ality in which they originated.
Such being the imprefTions under which I have, in obedience to
the public furmnons, repaired to thp present flation ; it would be
peculiarly improper to omit in this firfl official a£i, my fervent
supplications to that Almighty Being who rules over the universe;
prefidcs in the councils of nations, and whose providential
aids can supply every human defett, that hisbencdi&ion may con
secrate to the liberties and happiness of the people of the United
States, a government instituted by themselves for these effeii-al
purposes ; and may enable every instrument employed in its ad
miniflration, to execute with success, the tunftions allotted to his
charge. In tendering this homage to the great author of every
public and private good, I aflurc myfelf that it exprelTes your feq
tiinents not less than my own; nor those of my fellow citizens at
large, less than either. No people can be bound to acknowledge
and adore the invisible hand, which condu6ls the affairs of men
more than the people of the United States. Every flep by which
they have advanced to the character of an independent nation,
seems to have been distinguished by fdme token of providential
agency. And in the important revolution j u st accomplished in the
system of their united government, the tranquil deliberations, and
voluntary consent of so many diftinfl communities, from which
the event has resulted, cannot be compared with the means by
which moll governments have been eflablifhed, without some re
turn of pious gratitude along with an humble anticipation of the
future bleflings which the part; seem to presage. These reflections
arising out of the present cr r is, have forced themselves too firong
ly orypy mind to be fupprefTed. You will join with me, I trust,
in thinking, that there are none under the influence of which, the
proceedings of a new and free government can more auspiciously
By the article establishing the executive department, it is made
the duty of the President to " recommend to your consideration,
such meafuresas he shall judge neceflary and expedient." The cir
eumftances under which I now meet you,will acquit me fiom enter
ing into that fubjefl, farther than to refer to the great conilitutional
charter under which you arc aflembltd, aud which, in defining
your powers, designates the obje&sto which your attention is to be
given. It will be more confident with those circumstances, and
far more congenial with the feeiings which actuate me, to substitute,
in place of a rccommrndation of particular measure.% the tribute
that is due to the talents, the reClitqde, and the patriotism which
adorn the characters fele£ted to dcvifc and adopt them. In those
honorable qualifications, I behold the surest pledges, that as on one
fide no local prejudices, or attachments—no separate views,no par
ty nnimofities, will mifdircft the comprehensive and equal eye
which ought to watch over this great aftemblage of communities
and interests; so, on the other, that the foundations of our national
policy will belaid in the pure and immutable principles of private
morality; and the pre-eminence of free government, be exempli
fied by all the attributes which can win the affe&ions of its citizens,
and command the refpe£t of the world—l dwell on this profped
with every fatisfaftion which an ardent love of my country can in
spire. Sincc there is no truth more thoroughly eflablifhed, than
that there exists in the oeconotny and course of nature, an indiflo
lub:cunion between virtue and happiness ; between duty and ad
vantage, between genuine maximsof an honest and magnanimous
policy, and the solid rewards of public prosperity and felicity.
Since we ought to be no If fs pcrfuaded that the propitious smiles of
heaven, can never be expected on a nation that disregards the eter
nal rules of order and right, which heaven itfelf has ordained. And
since the prefcrvation of the sacred fire .of liberty, and the destiny
of the republican model of government, are justly considered as
deeply 1 perhaps as finally flaked on the experiment entrufled to the
hands of the American people.
Bcfides the ordinary objetls submitted to your care, it will re
main with your judgment to decide, how far an exercise of the
occasional power delegated by the fifth article of the constitution is
rendered expedient at the present jun&ure by the nature of objec
tions which have been urged against the system, or by the degree
of inquietude which has given birth to them.
Instead of undertaking particular recommendations on this fab
le#, in which I could be guided by no lights derived from official
opportunities, I shall again give way to my entire confidence in
your difcernmpnt andpuifuit of the public good.
For I allure myfelf that wnilAyou carefully avoid very altera
tion which lnjtfht endanger the benefit'* of an united and effective
government, or which ought to await the future leflbn ot expe, -
once ; a reverence for the chara&eriilic rights ot freemen, and a ic
ard for the public harmony, will fufficiently influence your de
• Derations on thequcition how far th former can be more lmpreg
nably fortified, or the latter be fafely and advanta ;eoufly promoted.
To the preceding observations I have one to add, which will he
noil properly addrefled to the house of reprefentatives,it concerns
myfelf, and will therefore be as brief as poflible.
When I was firft honoured wfth a call into the service of my
country, then on the eve of an arduous struggle for its liberties,
!he light in which I contemplated my duty required that I should
renounce every pecuniary compensation. From this resolution I
'.aVe in no instance departed. And being still under the impressions
which produced it, I must decline as inapplicable to myfelf, any
hare personal emoluments, which may be indispensably con
luded in a permanent provifionfor the executive department; and
must accordingly prayi that the pecuniary estimates for the station
id which I am placed, may, during my continuance in it, be li
mited to such actual expenditures as the public good may be thought
Having thus imparted to you my sentiments, as they have been
rwakened by the occasion which brings us together—l shall take
my present leave ; but not without resorting once more to the benign
parent of the human race, in humble supplication, that since he
ias been pleased tr» favour the American people with opportunities
;or deliberating in perfett tranquility, and dispositions for deciding
vith unparalleled unanimity on a form of government, for the
fe urity of their union, and the advancement of their happiness ;
so his divine blefllng rnay be equally conspicuous in the enlarged
views, the temperate consultations, and the wife'meafure's on which
flhe success of fhis government must depend.
The President, accompanied by His Excellency the Vice-Pre
sident, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and both Houfs
of Congress, then went to St. Paul's fchapel, where divine service
was performed, by the Right Rev. Dr. Provost. Bilhopofthe
Episcopal Church in this State, and Chaplain to the Senate." *
The religious folemuity being ended, the President was escorted
:o his relidence.
Yesterday morning the President received the compliments
as His Excellency the Vice President, His Excellency the Governor
of this State ; the principal Officers of the different Departments; the
fageign Ministers ; and a great number of other pertons oldiftin£tion.
We are informed, that *r he President hasattigned every Tuei-<
day and Friday, between the hours of two and three, for receiving
visits ; and that visits of compliment orf other days, 'and particularly
on Sundays, will mot be agreeable to him.
It seems to be j. prevailing opinion, that so much of the Pre
side nt's time will be engaged by the various and important buti
nefs, imposed upon him by the Constitution, that he will find him
felf conurained to omit returning visits, of accepting invitations to
The tranfpapent paintings exhibited in various
parts of the city, on Thursday evening, were c
qual at least, to any thing of the kind ever before
seen in America. <
That displayed before the Fort at the bottom
of Broad-way, did great honor to its inventors
and executors,for the ingenuity of the design, and
goodness of the workmanship ; it was finely light
ed and advantageously foliated : The virtues,
FORTITUDE,* JUS fICE,f and were
judiciously applied ; of the firft, all America has
had the fullelt evidence ; and with refpecft to the
two others, who does notentertaintheinoft pleas
* The President. fTheSENATE. J The Representa
tives of the United States.
His Excellency Don Gardoqui's residence next
caught the eye—and fixed it in pleasing contem
plation : The Tout-en-femblc here, formed a molt
brilliant front ; the figures well fancied, I'HE
GRACES, suggested the best ideas ; and the pleas
ing variety ot emblems, flowers, jhrubbcry, arches,
See. and above all the MOVING PICTURES, that
figured in the windows, or as it were in the back
ground, created by fixing the transparencies be
tween the windows,afforded anew—an
and enchanting spectacle.
The residence of his Excellency, Count
Moustier, was illuminated in a stile of novel
elcgance ; the splendid bordering of lamps ronnd
the windows, doors, &c. with the fancy pieces In
each window ; And above all the large deflgns in
front, the allusions, of which we cannot at present
particulaly describe, did great honor to the taste
and sentiment of thfe inventor.
The above two instances of attention to honor
this great and important occasion, so highly inter
esting to our" dear country," evince the friend
fhip, the delicacy and politeness of our illustrious
The portrait of " THE FATHER OF HIS
COUNTRY" exhibited in Broad-Street, was ex
tremely well executed, and had a fine effeift.
There was an excellent Trafparency, also shewn
at the Theatre, and at the corner, near the Fly-
Market : In fliort, emulation and ingenuity were
alive ; but perhaps were in no instance exhibited
to greater advantage than in the display of the
FireWorks, which, from one novelty to another,
continued for two hours, to surprize, by variety,
taste, and brilliancy.
The illumination of the Federal State House,
was among the most agreeable of the exhibitions
of the evening ; and the ship Carolina formed a
beautiful pyramid qf Stars The evening was
fine —the company e—every one ap
peared to enjoy the scene, and no accident casts
the smallest cloud upon the retrorpedl.
At the Port of New-York.
Wcite flay. Brig Minerva, Bell, 39 days. , ,
Sloop Mary, Daun, St. John's.
Ann, Lvburn, Turks-Island, 15 days.
Friday. Sloop Peggy, Cahoone, Rhode-Island ; 1 day.
Defiance, Drew, Baltimore.