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IATITIPAY, SI.TTKMHER il, lKf,l.
I.T AM HI I)
"Your ringlets, vmir ringlet,
Th:it look no ui'lilcn (tay,
If to i will Rive inn one, t.uf one,
to kiss it iilnlir nil. I il.iy.
Then never rhillinir toticti of tunc
Will turn it diver rey ;
Anil thrn shall 1 kwm- it ' nil true oM
To fl,ime ami spirk:e ami attt'ittn a "1 oi l,
Till all the comets in llruveu aro colli,
Anil all tin- stars demy."
"Then take it, love, ami put it ' J
Tbii cannot change, nor yet can I."
"My ringlet, my ringlet,
'1 lion art so bullion Kay,
Now never clilllitis touch of lime
( an turn tin c licr prey ;
And a lad niav wink, ami a orl iiiny hint.
Anil a fool may nay hid say ;
For my doubts ami four were all amiss,
Anil 1 swear licn-clortli ty tins ami tins,
That a doubt will only como tor a kiss,
Anil a tear to he ki.-sc.ii away"
"Tin n kiss it, love, ami put it l'V ;
If thin can change, why so can I."
0 Rlnrjlet, O Tlinelnt,
1 kisl you ni:lit anil day,
Anil UiiiMlo. Klnclet,
Yoji still are golden-guy;
Bui Kiniflct, t) Kinglet,
You slioulil be silver prey ;
For what Is this which now I'm told,
1 tha' ti ok you lor true golil,
the that gave j ou's bought anJ sold,
0 Ringlet, O Kinglet,
Sue iilush.il a rosy red,
When Kinglet, O Kinglet,
(she dipt ou from her head ;
Ami Kinglet, O Kinglet,
Mie giivo you nie, anil paid,
"Come, kiss it, love, nti.l uit it by :
Tf tlilK can change, why so can 1."
V tic, you golden nothing, tic
You golden lie.
V King'ct, O ninglet,
I count vou rru h to blame,
for Kii glet, O Kinglet,
Yon nut mo much to shrtme ;
Eo Kiu let, O Kinglet,
I d .in you to the Hume :
For what is this which now I learn,
JI te given all my faith a turn ':
ilurn, yon glossy heretic, hum,
ADRIAN, THE ENGLISH POFE.
IN T1IKF.K 4 II tPTI'.KS.
Thcrc t nothing new under the sun, wrote
Solomon, and in its essential meaning there is no
truer aphorism in the wholo Book of Wisdom. Of
this every hour of tho world's Ufa bears testi
Xnony ; but there Is one especial period in that
multitudinous existence which, illustrated by
passing events, vividly demonstrates its truth.
Seven centuries havo been added to a past
eternity since the same conlliet was rngiiiv'
ia Kome, Italy, Germany, France, with
respect to the temporal as distinguished
from the spiritual power of tho l'oies, im
that which now agltatos the public luitul of
Europe. The incidents of tlie struggle, too, bear
ft wonderful resemblance to one another. Ia
glancing over the angry polemics of that tem
pestuous time, one fum lea he must have before
liim the stinging sarcasms of F.dmond About,
letters from the Turin correspondent of tho Timet,
Maz.ini's passionate philippics, and tho liery pro
tests of Monuileiiibcrt and Dupiuiloiip. Yes,
seven hundred years ago the Popo was driven
from Kome by the peoplo of tho Eternal City,
who insisted that he should abdicate his tempore!
function bo l'ontiir, not King; and a K inuiu
republic was proclaimed anil established which
luetcd lilty years, showing that though the sa ne
things may be written many times in the world's
bistiry, tho text often varies iu subordinate
The banished Topes forced tlidr way back to
Home with the help of foreign troops ; were again
expelled; and, to make confusion worse con
founded, tho conclave was divided (H it)) us to
who should succeed a deceased Pontitf in St.
l'etcr's chair one-half nominating Innocent tho
Second, the other Anacleutua the Second I'opo
and anu-l'ope, as they are termed. It was a de
lightful hurly-burly, in which three of tho most
conspicuous combatants were St. Barnard un
quailing champion of tho temporal power; A'io
lard HcloUe Abelard and his famous disciple,
Arnold of Brescia, a far abler man, opposed to
liim. The Uuclphs us the champions ol it Klng
1'outilT were calledultimately triumphed over
their antagonists, the Ohlbelliues. Hut the victory
was achieved neither by the zeal and eloquence,
of St. Bernard, nor by the efforts of the savage
soldiery enlisted on the side of the Topes.
lie who abolished the Koman republic of llioso
days, brought buck the Koman people to its alle
giance to the temporal as well as hpirituul domi
nion of tho I'ontitls, compelled the mighty empe.
rorof the West to hold his stirrup when ho
mounted his palfrey ,was, when Abelard lectured,
fst. Bernard prayed, preached and iiersccuted,
Nicholas Breakspeare, once a wretched, half
starved English boy, tending swine in tho woods
around St. Albau's, Hertfordshire, and destined
in the fulness of time to he the one hundred and
sixty-seventh Pope, and the only Englishman
who has ever worn the tiara. The purposo of
this paper is to sketch in brief outline that mar
vellous career. However feebly dono, it can
hardly fail to excite interest and convey Instruc
tion. Nicholas Breaksponro, the swineherd, was born
at Lunglcy, a villuge in the neighborhood of St.
Alban's, In the beginning of tho eleventh century.
The condition in life of the family was that of
laborers, but not villiens adatriita glebe and
one would snpiiose that Kobert Itreakspcaro, the
father, must have in some way obtained a smat
tering of clerkly lore, as ho, having in middle age
taken sanctuary In the monastery of St. Alb .in 'a,
was in due time consecrated a priest, and admit
ted into the brotherhood. Learning, however,
Was nat in those days au Indispensable qualifica
tion for the priestly ollice ; It was enough to be
able to read the church aervieos, and he may
Lave acquired that fat uity during his novitiate.
lie bad committed somo oUcnso against tho
forest laws, and would have been strung up to
the nearest tree had he not tied to sanctuary. I a
those evil days, monasteries were the only refuge
Of the oppressed Suxon. The great mass of the
monks were Englishmen by blood as well as
birth, and it was irom a sentiment of nationality,
at well as Christian compassion, that the jio.ir
liuntcd laborer of Langlcy was enrol led a member
of the fraternity at St. A'luan's, and permitted to
Supersede, as the Romish canon law has it, the
- marriage vow his wife being alive by a higher,
yet more sacred obligation.
i ne compeueu ueseiiion oi uis wue anu sou or ,
- the husband and father threw the maintenance of
Liiuself and his mother upon Nicholas Break- i
Fpeare a frail support, though Nicholas was
then a stout, handsome lad, aomo seventeen
years of age, and did not spare himself in minis
tering to Lis mother's wants, llis employment
as swineherd barely provided himself with coarse,
distressful food and rugged raiment, and to eke
out bis mother's means he was fain, after his
regular daily tusk was dune, his herd of swino
driven home, to employ himself iu any of the
most lcpul.sivo menial work at the monastery
which he could obtain; work paid for, not In
coin, but by iiieiouse of tho daily dole to his mo
ther, which she, in common with tho poor of the
neighborhood, received at the gate of the monas
toy. Nicholas himself remained as ill-led, us
ill-ilnd a--ever. !-o altogether tattered und torn
was the appcanuuo of tho future l'ope, that his
father, n stern, morose man, sought by threats,
Sometimes by violence, to prevent him from
coining to the. monastery, cither tor dole or to
Tho uses of mlvciflty wore ble-ed to Nicholas
Tliciili-pcarc. llis clear, powerful, though until
lured Intellect early perceived that two powers
dominated ChriFicuiiom, and only two u war
like, territorial aristocracy, and the Church, llis
lather securely bucklered from the vengeance of
a gieat baron' by the clerical power, was un in
structive lesson; and the young swineherd intui
tively seized the indi-putuble truth, that in those
days, when everyone believed in the absolute
privilege of tho piiest to send a soul direct to
1 uradise, or shut it up iu hell forever, the power
ii the keys, judiciously wielded, wouid always
prove an overuiitich tor steel and gold combine 1.
h hoso who could kill the body were to be feared,
lint how iuliuitclv more so those who could slay
the soul. It wo by thut conviction tho career of
Kicholas Breakspeare was shaped. Guiding him
self by it, ho found his way to the pontitical
throne, nud, seated thereon, wielded a sceptro
absolute, triumphant as that of Hildebrand
(Gregory tho Seventh), tho Czar l'elor of the
Jtoinish Church, to borrow a phrase lrom Mon
sieur C-ul.ot. Nicholas Break-pcaiC, the swiue
Lenl, determined to be a "clerk. '
But how to obtain admission to tho priesthood ?
1 hat was the question, and one very dillieult of
satisfactory soluiion. Tho Abbot of the inonas
tcry, Abbyl lUvUtud, was avt Lis liivud, llubci't
Break sprare friiwneil tipi'ti his mn'i
pit .n d aspiration, in d Nlcho'in cm
mill HOI write
1 he lad sinking into
clilent. or w i it men (si such.
befriended lorn. One of the nionkiof St. Al'ian s,
a Father Wlllnil, wa len iied fioiu some imml
rent ( it. I, whil-t stiiilling through the woods, by
the aildrc's and courage ol Nich il is (the nature
of the peril is not tuned i. and in requital ho un
dertook to tench the ambitions swineherd to reid
and mrite. The lesson were g'ven at irregular
tunes, as mitcd the monk's e mveuiciiee, anil
always in the wcoiN.
Nieho'as piovid an apt n'ho'.ir, and before his
iweiitnlli year knew pretty nearly as inn. h of
I .hi i n ps his preci'ptttr. Many years afterwards,
when Nicholas ltieakspcaic had become Adrian
IV, l.e tc lil Irs fmnoiis e, un rym.iu, John of
.s.i.i-liiny i Ili-hop of Chnrtri'si, iliat the hiippiost
ilavsot his Hie hi re thoe p is-ed in tho llert
fiinl'hiie woods, tendii g his s ne and conning
his le-ions with the good l .rhcr Wilfrid; and
that he would g'adly cast ill the tiara which
bound his teinpUf as with red-'iot s'eel, and all
the pomp, dignity, and power of Popedom, to lie
again a ruggi d, careless tiov. with no riches bir
heaiih, no iask but that of watching his herd of
wire, iitnl mnti ring the mysteries of the monk's
illuminated missal. So true if is that sowing,
watering the seed, not its Mini ion the chase, not
the si iure of the ipiany make up the charm of
As good a scholar as bis instructor, Nicholas
lln akspi ate look coaragn to m iko a formal ap
i licaiionto become acandhbile lor priest's orders.
I I c ic'iucst was peremptorily rclused bv Aboot
Kii h ird, he fa il C urged to uo s It was believed,
by Ihe applicant s luther. This was a terrible
blow, but Father Wiltre 1 ng.du sni,l his friend.
1 ho ii. onk advised him to go to Paris; furn shed
liim with li tters ol'intiodiiction to several Ira'ur
liitus of monks in that city, and a lew crowns for
liis purse. For some uustate I reason, Nicholas
did not meet with a favoiable reception in Paris,
winch he soon left, and wandered through a ron
sidi ruble pint of I ranee, vamlv seeking to bo ad
n iited as a seniior in the monasteries at
which be applied for fx el and rest, till ho
arrived at that ot St. Kiitus, w itluiut the walls of
Avignon In Provence. The brotherhood chanced
to he just tin u iu waut of a arroni;, willing. In
telligent servitor, and Nicholas win at onco
'ihe handsome young Engli '.iman proved to
be a wonderful ac'imsition, lultilling his duties,
and more than his duties, with untiring .eil.
Never hud the garden of tho monastery been so
skillully euiiivatcd; the church lunntiiro kept in
such briuht condition; tho n rectory table s i
punctually, neatly set out and arranged. And
then bis ( dityini; piety, not in the least obtrusively
flaunted as it weie iu the luce of those in whom
long practice had somewhat dulled tho appetite
for spiritual things; ipiite. the reverse ot ob ru
tive, ami lor that reason the more edifying.
And though he necr ta-ted any other liquid
than water, and confine 1 himself strictly to
the niciigro dietiryof the order (wino and rich
meats did not agree with him I, who ever saw
him reprove by a look tlie transgressions of the
brotherhood in tho matter of reliction ? How
diligently ho studied, too '. The result was, that
Nil bolus Breakspeare succeeded so completely iu
ginning the favor of tho monks of St. Kufns and
their Abbot William, that ho was unanimously
invited to become a candida'e for the priestly
office; and tho precedent conditions having been
fiiliilled in accordance with tho canon, he was
regularly consecrated priest of tho most high 'iod.
The sw lueherd'.s foot was at last lirmlv placed
upon the first rung of the ladder which was in the
end louti J to reach so high.
Monk ahi aiiiio r.
As piiest, the monks of St. Unfits found a yet
greater treasure in Nicholas Breakspeare, than as
a lay servitor, lie was indefatigable iu his now
dunes; was ready for the confessional upon all
ocuisi' lis : and if a sick, possible living person
sent ill tho dead of night to tho monastery for
spiritual aid, he undertook the duty with checr-fulle.-t
ulacrity. -V inot attractive preacher
moreover; ami the good people of Avignon c ime
in crowds to tho church of tho monastery to hear
the fervid discourses of tho gille 1 young priest
with great benelit, 1 need hardly say, to the trea
sury of .st. Kulus. And his piety was not iu tho
slightest degree pharisaical ; a-'c tic himself, eat
ing and drinking in strict accordance wiih tho
prescribed rules, it almost seemed doubtful, so
friendly, cordial was he at such times, that ho
could be avvuio there were flagons of wino and
rich meats upon tho table, whilst ho was dining
oil black bread, skim cheese, and cold water. At
all ev ents ho was a man of unbounded charity as
regarded the failings of others; largely, bounti
fully considerate for his weaker brethren. Tho
brotherhood of St. Kufus were blessed, eveu
ble-sed in their new iieiiisitlou.
Abbot William, who had been ailing for a long
timo, died, lull of years, ii not precisely iu ihe
orthodox odor of sanctity. .Nothing more, how
ever, 1 believe, could bo fairly laid to the vonc
l ab o man's charge, than th it ho liked a good
dinner, and felt a constitutional pielerenco for
the si ason of Faster over that of Lent. He vvaa
burud with his brethren, and the iiies.tion there
upon to be decided w as, who should reign iu his
There could scarcely be two opinions ab nit
that; biolhcr Nicholas, of course. He as Abbot
would confer lusire on the monastery, continue,
no rtouhf, to do almost all the spiritual work, and
look with a mildly indulgent eyi if ho looked
at ull upon the trilling divarications of the tra
in nity Irom tho strict rules of tho order. Tho
whilom swineherd was cou-cinciitly elected
Abbot of St. Kufus by a unanimous vote.
The new dignitary bore bis honors meekly, till
tbe document ratifying his election arrived from
Kome. j hen thunder icii upon tne astounueu,
bewildered monks. Tho oldest of tho fraternity
was summoned to the presence of the new Abbot,
stonily, told that he tho Abbot had been for
years a horrilied witness of the laxity of discip
line which j prevailed in tho mon istcry ; the
fchumcitil swilling and gorni.uiili.iiig of tho
monks, who were bound by their vows to set tho
world an example of temperance carried to aus
terity. He had not before reproved those prac
tices", simply for the reason that he had no power
to enforce a reform. Sow that he Ami, die rules of
the order would be rigidly enforced, not only in
the mutter of the dietary, but tho punctual at
tendance of tbe monks at all the sacred services,
etc This announcement, one can easily believe,
produced a fearful consternation amougst tho
shamefully betrayed brotherhood.
'1 he King Log they supposed themselves to
have elected turned out to be King Stork, with a
Vengeance. How had they been deceived ! Con
sulting the almost forgotten dietary code of the
founder, which enacted that water should be tho
sole beverage, meut iu honneoputhic quantity to
bo partaken of only on Sundays and holidays of
obligation ; iiOn all other days their food to bo
coarso bread, pulse, nnd other vegetables tbe
unfortunate monks were excited to frenzy, and
went in a body to remonstrate with the elect of
their choice. They took nothing by that motion;
w ere sternly ordered to go instantly to thoir cells,
and in penance for their contumacy overy ono
was to recite seven times tho seven penitential
psalms. They did slink back to their cells, but
w ith respect to the seven penitential psalms 1 havo
my doubts. I imagine it must havo been any
thing but psalms the enruged monks poured forth
upon that dolelul day.
Tho revolution was, they soon found, a grim
reality the Abbot's conn tie maitre trenchant,
unsparing, irresistible. The stock of rich wiuos
iu the cellars nioiis offerings of tho faithful for
the solace of the sacred lruiernity was sent oil'
in ihurrettet to Aviguon to bo sold, tho proceeds
to swell the alms-fund for di tnbutiou amongst
the poor. Tho suUorings of the unfortunate
monks were not limited to the dreadful dietary,
'liu-y wero inexorably rouiod out of their cells at
three iu the moiuirig for primes, wUich, with
matins, masses, in ceaseless succession, and fre
quent benedictions, kept them coustuully to col
lar till ten at night, when, after regaling them
selves with a niece of blin k bread an 1 u run of
wafer, tin y were dismissed to their allotted live
Flesh and blood even eueli meagre and atten
uated ilesh and blood as romtiucd to them alter
a few months of "salutary discipline" revolted
iigainst such usage. They were last becoming
ghostly fathers in a most liutelul sense. What
was It to them that n high church dignitary, no
Other than tho Bishop ol Provence, could bou-t
iu one of his pastoiuls that the odor ot sanctity
emanating irom the monastery of St. lliifiis w as
purilyiin; tho moral atmosphere lor leagues
around its sacred walls; that the church of the
monastery was always crowded, the coufes
sioi.nls constantly full? All that only ind'eft-cd
tho burden laid" upon their galled shoulders.
l inuliy,ono of them, who was iclated to the
Countess Beaujolais, Interested taut noble dauio
in tho liisiiessing case, and through her a
Cardinal presented a petition Irani the brother
hood a tort of round-robin to l'ope Eiigcniiis
HI, complaining of the abuse of power on the
fait of Abbot Nicholas. The Abbot and a depu
tation oi tho complainants were iu couse iucnce
summoned to Kome that tho mattoi ni ght bo
fully investigated. The Abbot came triumph
niitty out of the ordeal, Pope Eugeuius sternly
telling the discomtited monks, at iu close, that
their Abbot was lar too good for tuem. l'oor fel
low s I they bad been long painfully aware of that ;
lie was muili too good for them :"they wanted a
considerably less heavenly, holy Abbot '.a sin
ner, if such a favor could have been granted, like
themselves. However, that was past praying for;
and by way of impressing upon them the iueinltv
of falsely accusing their spiritual superior, tho
deputation were ordered to journey back to St.
Kulus on foot ; which they did, under the vigilant
care of their Abbot he mounted upon a palfrey
and faring, if nut sumptuously, plentifully evory
uay, they rigorously restricted to the deteriorated
dietary of the Si. Kulus brotherhood miserable
monks! Atterthis the severity of the Abba's
fitly iuavtisvU laiuvf tu,iu dUuiuislied, (ill u( last
THE DAILY EVENING TELEGEAPn. rniTjADELTTTTA SATHMIAT, SErTEMTVEU 21, 1861.
two of the monks lied the convent, and the others
almost hioke out Into open mutiny. There
aiiothi r appeal to Kome. Poe Kugcnliis said ho
km w it was Salun who stirred up the-e troubles;
lint to avoid further scandal, their excellent Abbot
wonld tint return to St. Kufus moimsierv, and his
Holiness would nominate ono who would suit
tlifm better. Abbot Nicholas be should raise to
an episcopal dignity, make him Bishop of Altiano.
The nun ks weie over ioycd ; hi Holiness mmlit
If he would and could m ike the stern asccic
Ahlot n n urcliangel, so that they wero finally
l ii it of him. It is to be presumed there was a
JoMy rnronsc at the monastery of St. Kufns when
llic'bi mgi is ol g ad t. dings ai rived there. Almost
Immediately aiti rwnrds a by-law was enacted
by the rn aneipated btothtrheoil never auain to
c eel a foreigner to lie Abbot: they could har.llv
le n. i' token in tho charaeoi of a good, simple
rrovei rul, whom some of tbini would neces.
snrily havo known from childhood; and that ml
was in ver n pi all d or contravened. I he ancient
ninimsteiy of st. Kiitus was totally destroyed in
,'vi, by the revolutionary mob.
MsllDI AIOS 1 IK loir.
Nicholas Break spent e was created a cardinal,
and Aicbbishop of Albano in 11 lb, by l'ope
1- ngciilus, and forthwith despatched to convert
tho heathen nations of l'eninark, Sweden, an I
Norway to the Christian laith. He was arcoiu
panhd by a numerous retinue, and, if tho
moi kish chroniclers aro to be believed, his suc
cess in the holy work was marvellous. It is not
anywhere as-erted that he was endowed with tlie
miraculous gift of tongues, orthut he had learned
Norse In the ordinary way. The conversions of
the common people, who presented themselves in
eiovvds to receive baptism, could not, therefore,
have bicn cllcctcd bv preaching. The cleric il
chroniclers easily account for the success of the
cardinal archbishop's mission. Supernatural aid
was abundantly vouehsaled to him; there wero
continual portents; signs iu the heavens, the
Fgtillicancc of which the most bigoted worship
per of the Scandinavian deities could not mis
understand. One expedient adopted by the a-tute archbishop
must have told with great force. Having first
obtained ibe consi nt of the kimrs and chief men
of the three kingdoms, he caused us treat a num
ber of the most venerated Idols Thor, Woden,
anil ihe rest as could bo procured, to be col
lected at indicate ! siots, where great leasts vvcro
prepared for all comers, the carcases of the
animals to lie eaten being roasted by tho flumes
of the burning images. Evidently, if Thor or
Woden were genuine gods, they would nover
al ow t lie tn s Ives to lie consumed in cooking Mesh
lor the delectation of Christum stomachs. No
clo'iucrcc was required to enforco or illustrate
thai conclusion. There does not, in fact, appear
to be un v doubt that Cardinal Archbislion N icho-
las Brtakspeare succeeded in eifectini; a complete
revolution in the religious ideas of iho .Scandi
navian peoples, und that tho elici t of his labors
was permanent. Ho Is held to bo the apostle of
those nations as certainly as St. Patrick was of
Ireland. Ho founded a bishopric at Uionthcim,
an arcbiepiscopal see at I'psal, w hieh still exists.
The fume ol bis success had preceded him to
Rome, finding w ide echoes there ; and he, arriving
in tho Eternal city in 1 114 a tew days only
bi tore the death of Pope Amistatlu was unani
mously eh eted by the com lave that pontiff's suc
cessor. He accepted the awful dignity wiih real
or Icignid reluctance no doubt the latter and
ascended the pontifical throne, to which, in the
opinion of univ ersal Christendom, all other thrones
were subordinate, under the title of Adrian IV
truly a marvellous height to have been climbed,
with such comparative case, by a Hertfordshire
sw im held 1
In some respects Adtian IV was certainly a
type of tho Hivino Being whose vicegerent ho
assumed to be. Tho Komiiti people, crowned
him, tmt it was with thorns. They cried "All
hail," as to n supreme monarch, and insisted that
be should be usuhicct even as themselves, ami
gave him to drink Mom a jewelled goblet, brim
ming with tho vincimr, mingled with gall ot
humiliation and defeat. The English Pope vv as
not a man to submit to that humiliation, to a. c pt
that dili at. But ho could patiently abide bis
time, us lie liim done in the mon istery ot St.
Kufus. Till be could strike clleetually, the
Muring claw should bo carefully bidden beneath
tho soft, silken exterior. Let me not forget to
mention that Henry 1 1, King ol England, sent
Kobert, Abbot of tho monastery of St. Alban's,
and time bishops, to congratulate tho new I'opo
on his elevation. Adrian IV was exceedingly
gratified, especially by tbe visit and hmnago of
the St. Alban's abbot, and showed his gratitude
by exempting the monastery from any eeclcsi.es
tica' juiisdietion except his own that is, of the
p, pes. Few pantomimes present such a lauta tic
change of scene and characters. Tho exemption
from tlie jurisdiction of the Archbishop ol Can
terbury remained in force till the time of Henry
The temporal kingdom of the Popes had de
paricd bum ihein. Weighed iu Koman balances,
they hud been found wanting, and the Papal popu
lation had been lor many years governed by a
senate, composed of liny six members, chosen tiy
deli gates from tbe thirteen districts ol the city of
Kome. A icpublic, in fact, had been established,
with Arnold of Brescia at i s head. This able
di-cipic of A bo I a id was an energetic reformer in a
lestiietedsei.se. He disputed none of the spirit
ual dogmas of the Church, but wished to cjniino
the clergy, bis Holiness the Popo inclusive,' to
their spiritual dutios. Ho would deprive him and
them ot nil temporal dominion. These teachings
were condemned as "political heresy" by the
second Lateian Council. Thut uncnibiceaole
decree Arnold could afford to smile at. A Bincere,
earnest man Arnold seems to havo been, but p is
sesscd of singular hallucinations. Ouc was, and
it was an article of faith with him, that Kome
was, ought to be, and would be again, mistress of
the world, the kings and people of which would
bo content to rcecivo their laws from tho Senate
of the Koman republic, elected by delegates from
the thirteen quarters of the city of Koine. As
suredly a very remarkable illusion that !
The government of tboscnatu, of which Arnold
was the life, the soul, was in the main a just,
efficient ono. Tho muss of the Koman people
supported, respected It. Evidently, then, tho
ambitious Hertfordshire swineherd fully re
solved as he was to establish the plenary power
of tho Papacy, and its temporal as well as spiritual
sway had a dillieult, a perilous game to play.
Perhaps no other man not even a Hildebrand
would have rlaved it so cautiously or so surely.
The religious faith of tho people was, ho satisfied
himself, iiuweakened. Eveu the arch-enemy of
the Church, Arnold, acknowledged the power of
the keys, the authority of the priest to bind and
to loose in the next world. Possessed of that
fulcrum, Adrian IV hud no doubt whatever of
being able to uproot and scatter to the winds tho
usurping republic of Kome.
No doubt at all. At the same timo, no one was
more impressed with the wisdom of the Italian
saying, "t'te ro piano ra satio," than the now
l'ope. IIo was secret and stealthy as Louis Napo
leon Bonaparte himself. For an entire year tho
English Pope was the notions chief pastor, and
chief pustor only, of the Church apparently in
ditlertnt to secular olliic8 friendly even with
Arnold himself. His real piety rendered the
assumption of such a part comparatively easy. It
was essentially necessary to acquire a ropulatiou
for ascetic sanctity with the populace. Ia that
Adrian IV completely succeeded. Ho was a saint
upon earth, the beatification of whom, iWu Ut
mjlts, would after his death be a mute matter of
All Ibat timo Adrian IV was cautiously sound
ing the clergy of Kome, without whose zealoas
co-operation nothing etluctuul could bo done. Ho
found them, us he expected, animated by fierce
enmity to tho republicans; und ull, as soonsis It
wus clearly perceived that a resolute, sagacious
man sat in St. Peter's chair, willing to lollow bis
lead, unite their fortunes with his. Nothing more
was required. Victory was organized ; tho day
of battle with tbe foes of the Church's temporal
di minion would Infallibly soo those impious foes
trampled Into dust by the awful powers of that
Church. It proved so. That which seems very
reinaikable is that, as in the case of Louis Napo
leon, not one of the manv hundreds of persons
necessarily in tho secret olr the scheme for over
throwing the Kcjmblic betrayed the confide nee
reposid iu him. This circumstance has etnb hl
cned certain writers to assort thai Adrian IV did
not contemplate the overthrow of the civil govern
ment of Kome; that tho doing so was a sudden
inspiration suggested by opportunity. We happen I
to have a modern instance w hich reiutcs the lalso j
logic of tin t assumption.
The wounding of a cardinal it was nt first I
thought mortal!' iiitlic streets of Kotuo (who: her j
this was or was not In the papal programme I
lave no means ol judging) gave tho anxiously
expected signal. At once rolled the thunders of
Ibe Vatican ; the living I ginning ol interdict was
fulminated ugaiii6t the city Ol Kome, and obeyed
with iilucrity by the clergy. The churches were
immediately closed; tho priests withheld their i
ministrations ; there could be no marrying or
living iu murriugo; no administration of the !
sacraments ; no extreme unction; no viaticum
for the dying, und the soul was compelled to quit
its tenement ol clay uiiuiiointcd, uiihousolle I, un 1
iiniiiincakil, and iiecessuiily, therefore, iu tho
lil in belief of tho uge, taking the rou t not the
pniuiose one to the, everlasting boutire; tho
dead buried liko dogs iu uueuusocruted ground,
no prayers Bind over them.no holy oil uiiuglvd
wiiu tho clods flung upon their colhns!
1 can well undcrautud and excuse tho terrors
of tho people of Koine. Whut resistance c mid
they oppose to weaous which they believed to
have been taken from thearuioiy of God hiiu-
scll? A lew ilnyg' experience of the cllcct ol tho
Interdict sulHced to cast the Koniuu population at
tho Pope's feet. There was a universal wall lit
i the Eterual City. Tho terriiied populace be-
sieged luo gate ot tboatlcuii, and with cries,
tears, liimeiituiions, implored tho holy father to
remove the terrible interdict. His Holiness, alter
' uucll hesitation, agreed, W do so, Upuu thu po
mnptonr condition that the Senate shonld be
bioken np, and Arnold banished from Kome!
By what process of reasoning tho Senato and
Arnold could lie inndo responsible tor the crimi
nal assault upon the caidinal the ostensible
pietcme for launching the Interdict It Is dillieult
Enough for tbe Koman populace, that thoy
mil-tit, if thry chose, get rid or the Interdict with
out dehiT. They did not hesitate for a moment ;
the senators weie deposed, Arnold driven from
Koine. I he temporal power of the Pope thus
sicnallv vindicated, the churches were reopened,
the rlcrgv rem wed their lunet ons tho republic
was a Hot g of the past, ripa-moine struggles ot
ihe (ihlliellines, in opposition to tho temporal
dominion, nt'en subsequently occurred; but
N 1 1 1 o as llreakspcare had unmistakably broken
tin M' k of n bi llu.n against tbe authority of the
pcntills as itno.
Not very b ug afterwards, Adrian IV laid the
dominions of W illiam I. King of Sicily and Apu
lia as Sciithern Italy was ihcn called, under in
tirdiet. William was at last compelled to pur
chase peace with 11 e Pope by costly presents, as
paj n cut of tribute, in consideration of which
Adrian IV ((inferred upon him the title of King
ol the Two Sn ilii s.
The eontllet between tho Hertfordshire svvine
hciil, licci n.c Pope, with Frederick Kdnobartus
con munly known as Burbaros-a, Fmpcror ot tho
We-t, w li coi clinic thisstmnge, evoiitfiil history.
Frederick wa verv desirous of lieing crowned by
the Pope in St. Petei's. and by way of putting a
In tie pies-ure upon his Holiness, approached the
Eternal Citv with a large army. Adrian and Ins
cardinal went forth to meet tiini at a eoiniiler
nhc instance fioni Koine. The meeting was
friindly enough, but Adrian insisted, that before
he gave Freih ri k "tho kiss of peace," the I'.m-
eror sin uld hold his stirrup whilst he mounted
his palfrt v. This demand the puissant Eniporor
anerily refused to comply with, whereupon tho
filglit'cned cardinals tied In a body to Civita Cus
tcliaia. Tho Important subject wis debated
during two days. At last Frederick yielded, and
atNeplwint formally through the ceremony of
holding Ins Holiness stirrup.
There was another condition to be fulfilled be
fore the Emperor could lie crow ned in St. Peter's.
Arnold of Brescia bad taken refuge with the
viscounts mid nobles of Catiipania. The Empe
ror was reii:iicd to send troops to seie Arnold
and deliver him into tho power of A 111 n. This
was di ue, and Arnold, by order of tho Pope, was
hanged in Kome. His body was then burnt, and
the a-hes Hung to the winds. This is the black
ot upon the history of the English l'ope. But
lor that atrocious deed Nicholas Breakspeare
m glit lairly claim tlie character ot a wise, ener
getic, and judged by the maxims ol State policy
which prevailed in hi day, a humane, pruiiv.
'1 here can, 1 think, be no question that ho was a
sincere, conscientious mini.
The Emperor Frederick was crowned by Adrian
in St. Pi ter's ; but the two potentates soon quar
relled, and when death surprised the l'ope in
Scptcn.hir, ll.io, at Aragni, his Holiness was
about to I url the major excommunication at
Frederick for having put away Ins lawful wife
and espoused Beatriz, daughter of the Count of
Burgundy. He was buried in St. Peter's. having
tilled St Voter's chair closo upon five years. It
is Matthew Paris, I think, who says there was a
report that he permitted bis mother, eveu after
bis elevation to Ihe popedom, to receive doles at
the gate of the St Alban's monastery an absurd,
rebellions caluinnv. Nicholas Broakspearo's
mother died before lier sou left England.
William Ki smill, LL. D.
ROMAN BI MAINS.
It! MAItlt Alll.t:
lIK M llltY IX
1. 4 II.
The following interesting description of Koman
remains just discovered In England appears in
the Liverpool Mercury :
" Bui nor. V ouks, Kuncorn, August 2'.). Gen
tlemen: As agent lor Messrs. Cochrane, drove
K Co., the contractors for tho iron work of tho
biidge crossing the Mersey at this point, I beg
to hand vou an account of a remarkable discovery
which bus been made dining the ere tiou of a
diiin for tbe lirst river pier thereof, ami trust you
will line) space in your columns, as, from its ex
ceptional in fact, almost unprecedented nature,
it will certainly be of the highest antiquarian
interest, and may pos.-iblv be still more valuable
as giving historical information respecting a
period of which little ia known, viz., that Imme
diately succeeding the first arrival of tho Saxons
iu Bri uin.
"The discovery was made in the following man
ner: On the l!7ih Instant, w hile sinking ono of
our caissons, an obstacle was met with which (lo
in d the pressure exercised by our sinking appa
1 nt ii b. 1 livers were sent down, who, on removing
a qiiantiiy ol sand from about tho base of the
caisson, n polled tbe obstruction to be a largo log
of wood. By help of a strong crane, and after
r. mining tho pressure from tlie caisson, wo wero
enabled to n raw it up to tbe staging, and found it
to lie not a log of w ood, us the divers, misled by
its general attibled state, had reported, but a
large ceftln-sbapcd box of great strength,
lutusiiiiug about eight feet by three feet,
'Ihe wood had become impregnated with
oxide of iron, from tho rod sandstone,
which had made it as hard us iron itself, so that
it wus with tho greatest dilllculty that wo wero
innbl d to prise open the lid. The inside, which
wus n uglily hewn to tho shape of a human body,
but wiih a largo additional space at tho head,
w ..s limd with a greyish biiiiminoiis substance,
mid contain! d the body of a man In a most won
derful state of preservation. It is attired iu tho
Cress ot a wealthy Koman citizen, tho tunic and
toga both white, embroidered w ith purple and
gold threads, the toga lastenod with a handsome
golden ilhula. The straps of the buskins are
studded with little golden bosses. Attached to
the girdle aie a tablet and a golden-hllted stylus.
The fot tntrmlilr, in fact, while not glaring, is
lii h and lusieliil.
'The body, thongh in civil dress, appears to be
that f a let-louiiry dfllcer, as a largo military
cloak is swathed round it, and by iis side aro a
short sword (tho famous Koman 'gladlum') with
its belt, a javelin and a vinea such as centurions
used to preserve discipline among thoir men. A
fine onv signet ring, bearing the letters S. P. U.
K. and'tho ligure of a wolf, is on the finger. This
I conjecture to bo a symbol of authority dele
gated by iho Koman Senate, or the then reigning
cmpen r, to the bearer. The sword and bell a No
bear the initials S. P. Q. It. The head of tho
vinea is shaped into a rude resemblance to a
"The body has been embalmed In so skilful a
manner as to preserve, even after this lapse of
time, the features tolerably distinct; hut it is ex
cessively fiaglle, crumbling at a touch; in fact,
il has only been preserved from total destruction
by the mantle and by a quantity of a cryptogamic
plant allied to tbe common equisctum, which is
packed round it, keeping it steady and immova
ble in the collin.
" I forbear giving a more detailed account, and
will proceed to mention briefly tho contents of
the space above Ihe head of tho corpse. A quan
tify of Ihe cqiiisotum-like herb sustains unin jured
an amphora of coarso earthenwuro with a yellow
vitreous gla.e. Tho handles and neck are broken
oil, and inside it is placed also with packing a
beautifully executed cinerary urn of Kd Saiuian
waie, containing ashes, and a small roll of vellum
covered with characters whicli I am unablo to de
cipher, but I believe to bo Saxon. Sprinkled
through the scroll 1 however found tho Koman
Paine ' Q. Sulplcius Piso ' tho Initials ' S. 1'. U
11.,' the words ' legatus, 'crcniutio,' 'manes,'
' lures,' and a lew others. This scroll I therefore
imagine to hold the key of the enigma presented
by the many anomalous appearances I Lave des
cribed and i. in about to describe.
OlIN A M LN'I H AND COINS.
IIT tl., .... I. l.Aiw.iill. l, tie,, nt n num
ber of ornaments of gold and silvor.sueh as were
worn bv Saxon females of rank ; among them is
a kind of rude locket containing a long tress of
glossy yellow hair. Tho oruiimcnts appear to bo
a set. us if they Im I boionged to one person ; and
this luct, coupled with the pteseneo of the hair,
leads me to suppose the a, In s contained in tho
urn to be those of the ovvuer of boih them und
''i ho amphora also contains a small packet of
coins, i.eaily loo in number, of which Hi aro gold
nnd of the reigns of the Koman emperors Hono
rius, dating A. 1. 4HI, of Hadrian, Antonius,
and Sevcrus, with earlier dates. Tlie remaining
coins are silver, probably Saxon, but owing to
their mutilated and defaced condition 1 am un
able to ray positively. On ouc only is a duto
visible, tiz., If j.
'Firm thc:c dales, as well as from tho Saxon
crniinients, 1 am im lined to refer tho remains to
about the (hue of Ihe first ftniwil of tho Saxons iu
Britain. 'Iho corpse may be that of one of the
last uiiissoi ics of Kome to this is and ; or, ns his
tory spti l.s of no political intercourse between
Kome and our i-luiiU lit that period, he may have
bicn connected with a religious, not u civil mis
sioii. Tho ashes I surmise to bo thoso of a
Saxon female. But how shall wo aocuunt for
the presence of ti c remains of a Koman nnd a
Saxon in a coinnion tomb ? Mure strange still
is tho embalming of tho Koman nnd tho crema
tion of the Saxon. The position of tho Collin in
the Ltd of tho riier Is also strange ; but an over
turned bout and the shifting sands may uccount
for this. Possibly ihe scroll found in the urn
in u v give an explanation of this, and fill this bus
been deciphered we must be content to romuiu iu
"1 have been Instructed, in cae rio claim is
made lor the remains as 'Ireasuro trove,' to send
the whole in their present condition to the British
Museum about the begiuuing of next week.
Should, however, any gentlemen think it worth
their while to tad al
the above uddreea before
thut time, I 6hall be most hnppy to (jlvo them au
opportunity ot exaiuiiiuiK tue icmuius oeioi t nicy
leave this pint of tlie couuliy.
"Vouis, C.C., J. T. Asuton."
rrNTott xtvu or rsm.ANn.
The London Athcntritm thus happily "takes
off" the sway of custom in our language :
The principal advl-er of King Custom are as
follow : Fir!, there Is Etymology, tlie cAifimter,
or general rug merchant, who has made su. h a
fortune of late years in his own business that he
bigins in be considered highly respectable. Ho
g vi s advii e which is more thought of than fd
h wed, partly on account of the fearful extremes
Into which he runs. He lately asked some boys
of sixteen, at a matriculation examination in
l.ntloh, to liar branch of the Indo dermanlc
L in ily they Ii It Inclined to refer the Pushtu Ian
purge, anil w hat changes in the force of tho letters
to( k place iu passing fiom dieck into M.rso
l.o Im .
lb cause nil svlhitdes were once words he I a
lilt e in lined to insi-t that thev shall be so still,
lie wi uld gladly rale English with a Saxon rod,
whkh might bo ernilttid l h n certain discro
1 1 n, which lie Ins never atta'tied ; and when op
posed be (b fends himself with tho analogies of
the An nn fatuity until thoso who hear him long for
the discovery of an Athatiasyua. Ho will trans
put t a word beyond seas he is recorder of Kho
niBtopolls on" eitcuinstnntial evidence which
looks like mystery gone mad ; but strango to sv,
sonu thii g very often come to liuhlaftcr sentence
passed which proves the soundness of the con
viction. The next adviser Is l ogic, a swearing old jus
tice of peace, quorum, and mtulnrum, whose
excesses brought on such a tit of the gout that
lor n any years he was unable to move. Ho is
now mending, and bis friends say he ha' sown
bis wild oat. He has some inilucnce with the
educated subiects of Custom, and he will have
mi re, if he can learn the Imeatwh eh interference
onght to stop; with them he has succeeded in
making an alilruiative of two negatives : but tho
vulgar won't never have lio'lilng to say to liim.
He bus always raili d at Mi ton for wi iting that
live mis tho fairest of her daughters; but has
in ver satisfactorily 6hown w hat Milton ought to
have said instead.
1 he third adviser has more Influence with tho
in a ss of Ihe subnets of King Custom than the
other tw o put together ; his name Is Fiddle-faddle,
Ihe loy-shop keeper; and tho other two put him
forward to do their worst work. In return, he
otti n u-es their names w ithout authority. He
took Kt niology to w itness that wkiihi to an end
niu-t be plural; and he would have any ono
nn thod to be a mmn. But Etymology proved
bun wrong. Custom relcrred bun to bis cate
chiMii, In which is "a means wherobv wo ruceivo
Iho same," ami Analogy, a subordinate of Ety
mology, asked whether he thought il a great neiv
to huir that he was wrong.
It was either this F iddle-iaddle, or Dudley
Murray, his tiaveler, who persuaded tlie Miss
Slipslops, of tho Ladies' Seminary, to put "Iho
Misses Slipslop" over the gaio. Sixty years ago,
tins bagman called at all tho girl' schools and
got many of the teachers to insist on their pupils
suymg "Is it not" and "Can I not" for "Isn't il"
and "Can't 1 ;" of which it enino that the poor
girls were dreadfully laughed at by their irreve
rent brothers when they went homo for the holi
days. Had this bud adviser not been severely
i becked ho un lit by this time have proposed
oursayinir "lheUucen's of England son," de
claring, in tho mime of logic, that tlie Prince was
the Uuccn's son, not England's.
Lastly, there ia Typography tho metallurgist,
au executive oilicer who is always at work in
secret, and whoso lawless mode of advising is
often dono by carrying his notions into elicit
without leave given. He it is who never ce.iscs)
suggesting that the same word is uot to occur iu
a second place within sight of tho first. When
the iiiithori.cd version was first printed, ho bop an
tills trick at the passage, "Let there lie light, and
there was light;" ho drew a lino on tho proof
tin tit r tbe sei ond light, and wrote " Itimnnsity? '
opposite. He Is strongest in the punctuations und
other signs ; be has a pepper-box full of commas
ulwavs by his side. Ho puts everything under
marks of quotation which lie has ever heard
An lamest preacher, in a very moving sermon,
used the phrase Alas ! and alack a day ! Typo
graphy stin k up the inverted commas because ho
hud read tho only Anglo-Indian toast, "A lass
and a lac a day." If auy one should have tho
sense to have out of his (ireek the unmeaning
seiatclus which they call accents, ho goes to a
lexicon and puts them in. Ho is powerful In
routine ; but when two routines interlace or over
lap, ho frequently takes the wrong ono.
Subject to bad advice, and sometimes misled
for a season, King Custom goes on his quiet way,
nnd is sure to be right at lust.
TriMtuii Jo- flavor proipor : w hut's tt reason?
Win , hen il iTuspcTs, nane d.irr call it tru.uo ti
The Einr't Kiifriil Her Toilet,
Since tho splendid days of Iittuf XIV, tho
fiandiosu jiiilaco created by him, liim seen no
epcetaulu so briliiunt us tho wonderful all'uir of
last Saturday, got up by the Empress in honor
of Queen Isabella's hnband. Dun Fianciseiuoi
de Assises, lirst cousin of hul wife, to whom, in
V)itv of tho abhorrence wiih which she regarded
him, Louis riilllippc contrived to get tho young
queen married by her mother, reached Bordeaux
on tho liith, and wan iuunoifieently received bv
tlii authorities of the region, escorted to I'urn by
pcrsous sent by the llloperor, rem lied St. Cloud
on tho 17tb, ami was received by tha Kmperor,
impress and little l'rinco, wiih K'teiil ceremony,
nt the foot ot the great stuireasu. Jvlext day
In us and guests went 10 the 'I ndent's, wh ro the
Kirn beld a reception. Tho Kiupres.s wus
drissed ill a vaporous robe of white tulle, with im
pel inl iiiiiutle, und wore a duidcm of diamonds so
blight as really to dazzle t!io eyes ; tbe famous
' regent," tlio most splendid of the crown-diamonds
of l-'rance. bla.ing liko a little sun just
over her brow. With her splendid array of toi
lette and jewels, and her vv bite veil, liko a mist.
Hunting over her unrivnlled shoulders, slie looked
eveiy whit as ethereally lovely as she did when
hi r remarkable beauty, and still more remarkable
grnec Inst enthralled tho heaitof her iuiperiul
adorer. Ho beautiful did she look that night, and
to sphndid wui the general coup d'iril, that no
one paid tha slightest heed to tho performances,
admirable though they wero, with the exception
of the King, who wan evidently enchanted with
the brilliancy ol the stage elleets, und tbe little
l'rince, who bus never before been ullowed to
assist at such a pur orniance, and who, wearing for
the lirst time tho order of tlie Golden Fleece, scut
him by Queen Isabella, was in the seventh heaven
of excitement and delight, and followed every de
tail of scenery, gesture, und music with tho most
rapt attention. Tbe Kinpress, more than any
other woman, has hor good and her bad duya. At
times alio looks positively plain, almost ugly; at
other times she looks a mixture of Fori, Fairy,
baint and (syren, making up the strangest, most
bewitching emrmkle it is possible to imagine. On
thut evening, probably from the immense satisfac
tion of her prido and vanity la receiving her
ci-devant sovereign as her equal and her guest, in
tbe eyes of un admiring universe, it Is certain that
she looked wonderfully lovely, with her white
skin, almost whiter tluin her dress, the fuint roses
on her checks (excessively pretty, whether due to
nature or art!), her Moating driiery seemingly
scuttt red over with diamonds and pearls, and the
duzling crown above ber lovely hair. So xirlectly
well aware wus she, or her admiring husband,
or both, of tho marvellous beauty of lier appear
ance thut evening, that tho great State Carriage,
all glass and gilding, in which she went to and
from tho opera, was lighted up Inside, by some in
genious introduction of lights In the roof, so that
her beiiutilul majesty was us distinctly visible to
nil l'nris us she passed along as though Iu broud
daylight. This curious little fmt (an invention
never seen belorclinay serve as an excellent illus
tration ot the Luiperor's way of silently appeal
ing to the feeling and sympathies of this capital.
In whatever interests him the l'arisiaiis must
quietly bo given their share. Seeing that tho
J .tiipress wus looking unexpectedly ami ruHuiniiy
biaiitiftil.tlio Iuiperiul carriage was lighted iusido
iu tuch a way as to bring her out into splendid
relief, 111 or ier that runs may looa into tne c ir
liiige and share the Lmpcror s admiration of his
wile, in r paid to whom he is all the more sensi
tive and exuding, because she is not of royiil
birth. I'urin i-ornspundt nt of Mn'tfrvul Herald
It Is just twenty-six ycurs slnec the tclcgnjiU
was lirst l ilt to iiriutkiil test. Then ltwuseiui
tiJercd u nitre toy. liy 1 s. 1 , liowevor, "'"'t
miles were in 0)ieriitiun. !iuce tlien fully 20),uOJ
luilcs of klcni),ili lmve been called iutoexisti u -c
tlnoiieliout thu world. Tlie wire lias )eaetnite'l
to ulnioet every reiuii of tUc wuild, braving all
1 1 , ill Ute e.
T L e Pelfm t pnicrs arc cufrapcil in nnttnul ro
crliuiiiaiicns legiirJine; lUu c.tubca fl the recent
It is umlii'.stornl tbut tlie Viiuci' of Vu',es l.s
iil.out to wet u new lului-o ul Abci'rie.idio, (iout
luud. A custom now prevails In Auntria of fivini?
on toiiibeti'iu'", In a g!ntd fiume, a pliotogrnpliic
likeness ol tl.e i crsun lying lituoutli.
Kliliiird V'ui ui r l now attuclicil to tliocourt
of ilie yiuilip Kliij,' I.uilwiK II, of Bnvutiii. lie
rtcuvn a etii'Ciid ol lw.'0 florins ummuily.
Airui.gcineute lmve been made by tlio Co'.o
liial Oli.eo on Ibe one liainl, un 1 the Lord llislmp
ol Kewcusile, Australia, cm the other, for luo
eruition ol a new Uioeeao out of thut See, to bo
culled tho diocese of Oraftoti and Ariiudule. A
wealthy colonist litis: otlered JiKlO towards the
endowment, and tlio remainder will bo iirovidiid
nut of tlie Colonial bishoinies' fund by tlio
I Society for the Propagation of the (Joapel Iu
1 eireiuu Puna. The nomination of the hint
bishop will be uuulo very ehortly, und tho blsh ii
will probiibly be eonseeriite.l In tho uutuuiil Willi
the new Uishop ul Kupcrt'l lud.
ACKEY'8 AUCTION JKOUMS, No. 2l
MAKE M trs.
C. C. V Ar K F.V. Auctioneer, ntl'Ms ron.linmsa (I Of
(ilsoles, WAIIS-.H, AVll MS KCHAMUHK,
Ot ill k itxia, r.sr miM'c sals Mills Aueilun Jtovaw, SKlkS
w HI sltciiO pcfsensiir ti tain or
Il sal fcalAIK AND STOCKS
At die Fxthanp.
At Iw crimps, tea
HKICK OK RltCllAXDISB
At It e Mmrt of ll-e nwiiert
( iisb will l.e ativnnccO when desired on consignments of
fuslt for pal. In isle.
ANTKD AT TIIK NAVAl ORDNANCE
i aril. in!iKtnn, 1. ., twenty flmt cti.c US-
A'i'licMn nnb muili" to Mm tenant Cmmnl!r
H . t Y I UM. t tti nr, hy li il r or In .ron , hit
rTf tin fti-l-ciii'.i wirkm n. nn.l rii h n ) not vlnini
'. tn t'oti Irutu iniiltarj irrvivt) ou cmiut of alieuajf,
nn hi It'
ll. A. W IHE, fhltrf of m.reu nf Or.lntnr.
f 12 l'?t Nhv.v ) rlnn iit.
FOR SALE AND TO LET.
GFOIt KAI.K. $C0,000 WORTH IN (I(K)D
Hons fit, tarvenm. 1111 All, nn trnn to pult ptirutiaiwrt.
f ;l i.r with or without Im unihranr t, for ma and fH4
li Ail' . Iiniiiir of, from W tu 1? o ot'-rk A. M .,
THOB. M. l'lAJWMAN. No. itV7 M. KOI BTH AUMt
THE " t'AMI'AKtN DIAL"
fill I1SIE OS
OCTOHI311 18, lull,
" ILLUETBATED CAMPAIGN DIAL,"
A Nowspiper of
Lit present ollllcnl brles.
THE HI ST CAMPAION POCOILNT
THAT CAN HE DUIHIIH ' TKI.
At flral Intnremiinn. nf rill M sre III best, irlil As OTilers
will I,,. Illleil irilmu In tiller rreelnl. I.KA'.I US. CI t 111
WAHIl Al-'OCIA I luNH, .n.l Nr.tVS AUKNTfl llii'llld
st ml llielr olilei f 111 Iriimriliiiletv.
A lew resiieell.,' luisines. Cnfils. limited to rctlMuM
en Ii .dvi rtlser, w U lie tei eived Al f I per line.
All 111 1! r must he- neroiit.ioeil wl'li (he ChsIi.
tt li'Ublle, flOI'lT lleulies. Mli.le ei'UKI, t uiwn
H. K. COHKN, PiiMmhov,
9-2.1 nt No. Ill s Til lllls tstroct, l-hllmtelphl.
l.AliV S FltlKkD!
Ko. MlH (tlll.HNur RimcL
1 5.1 It
SPLENDID STEEL ENGEAVINGS ! I
fisom f'Uorociurns r.v iiraut,
And the Only
CORRKCT LIKENESSES riT.LIsUL'D.
1. President Abraham Lincoln,
2. LieTttenant-General U, S. Grant,
3. Major-General G. B. McClellan,
4. Major-Geueial W. T. Sherman,
5. Major-Geueval W. S. Hancock,
Printed on thick riatol'apcr, ltlx'if Indus.
J'llIC'lt: tsU'OO 12A.C1I.
Copies sent hy mail on receipt of prko.
AUKKTH WANTF.Il 10 BKf.L F.VKltV WI1KRB.
UUKRAL DISCOUNT TO THE TRADE.
O. V. I'lTClIEl!,
Book, Album, Picture, and Frame Store,
Mn. feOH ClIKSNl'T BtrMt,
I.'U-TY CENTS. LESSONS IN GERMAN,
A NATIVE OF
WHO prEAKS LM1I.I.-SII r t.imrxT,
FIFTY- CCSTS AN Horn.
LADIKH AM) CHII.I'KKN ONLY.
Api'lv between 11 anil X o'elei k. itl
sail! aw Nn. 7J1 Fl.OItm.V Street.
Jj PHILADELPHIA MILITAEY SCHOOL.
lOl KTLAJiD SAI SDKUS' INSTITUTE,
Thirty-ninth and Market Streets,
KKOl'KNS SLU'TKMJJLUt 0.
an97-lm rilOFF-KSOK F.. I). S AUXnKRB. D. D.
1UI.NDS' ACADEMY I'OU BOYS, REAP,
of No. tl N. EI.KVF.N 1 11 Hlrei'l. reopens nn the ;.tn
lust. $lo lair tirm of M weeks. AU denominations ad-
lullKd. sel-lni W. WI1ITAI.U
O Having rotiirncil irom I'.iirope, has
LrjrJONsi IM SINillND.
ilo. 1-'J8 C1ILMNLT STUKET.
AMI'S S.DIRD.TEACIIKROFTlIl! PIANO,
I Ko.lUU81.M'EICM'U Btreot. below Upruca. auii lut
KITTKNDKN'S C'OMM F.ROI ALCOLLEGB,
V J No. ltl7 ('IlKliiiliT Buecl, Corner of Sev enth.
Established lo44. Incorporated 1M.
Yonnn men prepared for the Counting. house and busl
Thoioush and practical Instruction In
In all Its branches, aa piacused by Uio best accoiintanta
and business men.
rtaln and omnmental, la taught by one of the most com
pelent of penmen.
Jie(eetinK Counterfeit Mjtel, Ac.
By sound and on paiier.tauiilii In a tlioronKtiaad practical
luanner bv a lonK-cxperlencid operator.
BTI IU.NT8 INSI KtCTtl) BEf'AIl ATELY,
And received at any time.
Kvenlu' BusmiMis niter Reptembor 10th.
( A I ALIMIIIKS,
Cnntnlnlnir terms, stuilcuts' uniuee (.471 last ear), etc,
furuixheu gratia on apuUcatioti.
ti, 11. CltlTTF.VDF.V OO.
Se8 lm So, 6117 C'llEHNb T fttreet.
1 L STOCKS
BOL'lillT AKT) ROI.n
II; l.tolilili J. BOYD,
o?l-5m Ho. 18 S. Till 111) Hiroet.
UQ N K W 7-30 LOAN.
tis hnbsi riptliiis received, aud Uio Notee
furnished Irea ol aU cUaitic, by
Ol'.OKCE J. ROYI),
ee'J'l-ra Ko. t8 . TlllUU Slr. et.
-Oev MONEY TO ANY AMOUNT LOANED
6w A nunn Diaiuoii'ls, Watches, Jewelry, 1'laie,
S( K'lhiim. Ae.. t
J .KIM A CO R
(il.ll f.SI,Alll.lblll.l I OA W (IFFI'T. .
Coiner oi llilltK aul haskII I. sirecta,
K.Tt.-MM0M'-, WAK'lih.s, JEVFF.LhV, (1US8
Ac. I. r siiio at
i:i:.MAJ(KAHI.Y LOW" ritU'tS. sof.Jin
rr" oi i'icE
OK THE CITY BOUNTY
Ul.d Con.uilbiuU,ito. ll.TIMM-: blioi'l.
fsi.l 1 1 i in I, -I . IS'l.
In fiitu'e. all rcrllfiealcs of nituier an.l endil pre.
sel.n d lo this I oiiilul-si il lis eliiliie
. lor b.iunli , must bo
hMiOllsl.li I V. 'lilK FliOI'l.K
III I II IJ! Al ('AMI',
lu Ihe Ilk. I II al ll.e I" mil. SIC
into Ihe icriice ol tbe I mud
a, ct'etud ana ravivtJ
n r. KIN3, Pre-I tern.
Hiilimr M. Aloolll , Jr., Reenter). U K-'-ot
rnf 1'lULAM'Xl'HIA AM) IlEADINO
RA lUUle.iJ CosBfauy, OJleo -No. IJ 6, lOLlil'U
b"cel' rmt vi. Ft fit!, Fcptomlnril. lv.l.
TO AVOID HETKM IO.N. Ihe b'llil. r ul Ine Coujioiis
nl 11 irCouipanv, due I'"' pr-iiuio, are reiiu i. .1 to
li.ive I!,. I.. l lh ' C' en le Ibe .oil. ill II. when
r....- i.ts will he Mien-fLu ..e,f.-. v- ......7.'. v
llltl) eU llm i.t plM..ulJ, "I Civi.an
. .- sSi'l l
H. 111;. vi 'I un 1 1,
,r- LAW liKl'AUTiMtM', LMYJiUSITY
HieliilrddnetorTl.eelure will he il.'llv ered ot o'clock
In tl.e tvuilnif of that day, at the uiuitl Lcciare-lleuut
V lloa. CEOK'ii: SIlAltHWOOD. H 17-Ht
ay-rj- DEAFNESS AND BLINDNESS. I.
Iv-3f7 laaaca. M !.. Professor o( the tie and Far, treatl
.11 ia..ui,i,MrtAlnme tu the aHova-UKiued ineiauers wlta
ii,m uiuiust success. 'leeUtuuuials front tha most raititbia
aourcim in the otijr and eoiiutry een be seen at his ortlea,
Xo. all TIME Street. A(Uuulal Fyea Inserted wlOjout nam.
hoeliaiaus amde for eiauihikiu. Oltire nouca lruu H tQ
11 A. M i lv 11.41. iiv. M mK bltxb tul-lm
TROSPKCTUS 0F THE "
OLD BURNING SPRINGS OIL COMPASTf
OF WEST VIRGINIA. '
CATTTAL T0 K, OfE Mri.UOIf DOLLARS.
100,009 RBsRES OF STOCK.
2i,0 RITAJFtu IN TKEARI KY I OK I'EVJ&LOP
memt rem '
riKS'-'ltll TIOlf OF PROPERTY-.
F'r or five a.TM lnfe wh crKliratcd CiRAC'Y VY&LL,
pn ducirg ten Oarrc.q, Ith erU'in. Ac.
Four or five arrs In rV wiih m well on it with e:l na
woifccd. Lestets wnt ln(n Kdickl on.
Nt. KIIS.R III.
On-lulf f fP of "til imiI t onf thlril of oil IB Iren
Iki.iikI I'srrel. i a ln)OuctllK wcu, About tlirc arefi
nlsiut tlHlit tin
One llilnl iMtrisit In'.li'i' and hvtf efcf In fV with
Uie .Uil Jitn('otilitttini uelt on It, ol.jiiKtnir t J ta uvnil.
Nl Mill h .
About ilx ftcrea In 'ff : no wi 1'.
ni iiif vr.
Atwut throe acres In i-e i no well.
Hinni K II.
Tl.rifer-n In fec! t'I'l KH III H1S(1 rRtVO.'th
tlie Mel.tan WFiiun ill wuriii'dtn hAlvee; fltuen barren.
I Ive ti ree In fre ; no we L
Ni M.ru IX.
(irio-lieiroflhr.etinndrpo lid iwcnty-cno lots a.'h.toil
isi.u nii.nrc, m.k.n In nil one tiunitfd nil live ft.'res.
Ivi. g.'ii il s l.l lisilNo MI-K1MI Kl N. bolwoen tl.e trectet
ol Hie llAlhtione livid, lunnrd eti'l nhive end below II In
Hie best prmiiKtiiK eu leriilutj uif BLUNIMii bt'IttiiU
Ml turn X.
Ulnetv ero, nnlivldxii ,H owned ! tne New Tork
C'oniiinnv ; vrry pri'iineinK trect i well conteinlnff elf two
tiiii'Utcd fi ft ile, p, dt 1 il in Isi.l ; periv h. rtiid then
veni into Kebelion. Tun irecl adjoint tit KMIiausa
lluruiug (.rnoe l.eimp.
KrF.KN ' I. ;KM UK WF.Lt.
Ttiroe-qnerieie P loioef. Ire.e of ainat Iwo aireat
tweiuy yi . eiiliieet toone-itnrdr'i)eliy one of live beet
I. M-atn.n. lor oil; Il bas iwent-two nil. froil on River
Kenewlie Ibe best wbnxraga to be fonnd (a eery Impert
iiiit point), iwo trtik.,ine el' tn ihtm.a.id barrels In
liroiiril. one ol twelve batidred barrels lie around, twse
ilwi UinM-lK'Here, a lance tble, a nne tVileen liorfte-nower
rnklne. one well pnntnelne ah.tut two b'lndred narrele a
rjionlti, two wella t.einu lsr ij one hundred and eevantf
leel eueli. w.lh riKKUifl eltaobed to endue, luMiiK, Ae.
'I lie. v lends ere eliualed Nil awi t to Uie Okb Hea'ei'qrl
Remv.e, Whl coitnly, Vlrpn.ta uml front upon tl Uin
K anewba river, with eoiHl wharrai-a. From thie oolat ihei
el, een be el'lt peil tu I'arKersltiug, un til OUlo river, loC
liny rents a be, rel. by Ibe river.
1 lie-e lenoe ie e.l ncent to the tract recently Id t(J
Ibe "Iliirn'Hir si rriie lviroieiim ( oinpeny," ol New York,
yi hose enpllel nve ml) Don dollars, and are nearly equal
In proitucllve value to Itie New York Company'! land,
and In pnnpeelive veruo are Kllcycd to bo ia wajr
n vnal of tliene nnmltig Cprlnit Wellt erere rlrelkereel
In tss.l, and tbell preilkced al a di-rilh ol'lwo hundred to
ibreo hiinilred feel as mneh aa fmie HumlreH barrel
P'i dMV. lhcywere abandouod on tho brvakiiiK outoC
II. i' Itiliclllon. The icsliiiatlon ot order has censed capl
InMsUluli.ok tollile tea Ion. 1 his le undoubUslly the)
bet oil n-ulen In Virulnie.ae ean bo ascertained by lnirulry
ol an) one fMmtilarwith (bat uttMio ol oounlrr.
VA bile ilieee will, a fiom i wo hiniitrcd t three punrlrcd
feel dei p are now vlfldlnii from twenty to thirty barreilc
per eav . Il ha been ilenioti.lrated (hat by bortug them to
the di-plh of rive hiindiod to .even hun1re1 feet the tlilril
eandsloiie w ill be lead ed, ae w ae done at Oil City, aud
a lar,e mit conttant supplv ol oil obtained. It le propoei-d.
Iiv line eonipeiij In expend trentl'Ji'-e (houtnnd doHitri ai
t,nf in bortiitf iimler the tiuierititendi'nee ol a reliable en
gineer, tbe pri'Rent well, dveuer, and a number ol nevr
din s to a still greater depth.
Tin- i roirctui vt iiii co'uisoif, court the ful'.ttt inquiry
an't thieiti'jatibn'a to (At Iveatton and cAiirovfer oj that
Tl,e procnclb n of ImpertVi-lly developed wette new on
ttieee lenda would probably atVord a linaredlate dlrldenit
ot eric 1'irifnl.a iti'inr'i,oD a capital ol a mn'uon itoilnrji,
but no especial reliance le lia.ed upon tbe peeoent produc
tion l bailh Ihxi'iI and arU-cleilwelii.biit unnatbeluturn
di velopiLent of wliat le believed In be tbe moat pronalalnir
trad next to met ow ned by the colebraleu Culutntua Oil
Cnnn iiiv on (lil creek
'I be land, will be purchased, and IW.OOO retiitned la tha
trcnsiirv ne (tevrlnpinenl fnnil, eo that further afsefll
nieut for deyeloplne wbl not piobably be required.
Ten 'Ihoii.and Hiiarce of Mock wiu be oiTered at FIva
Jiollare per iliare.ai unofllcaof
CI.ArtKnOV A CO.,
Ko. lv)l H THIRK isfreet,
opposite Die (llrnrd Rank, on and alter WtUNK.sUAY,
Mepiember '.'1, ini4, where amapeau be lean and further
parlicuinri liven. t)-'i-3t
fST" STOCK HOLDERS' MKHTING,
rAIIMiiltS AMI MLC'IHNK S)' BANK.
I'uo Aefci I'm, sreotaratVr 20. lsct.
A Rineral meellnil ol the Hloektiolilere ol the Farm' "
at il Michiinics' llantv o Hhllaoclptita will he he'd rt(
llauknin House nn I III USIlAl. Iho l k day o( (e
Ileal, al 11 u cli ck A M , lor Ibe purKueoi taki:
cun.iileration. and itecliuna on the question wh"'
net the sahl Hen) shall it'coinc an Aesoei itiun fef
nn tl e bnainastof Itaiiklnii under the Lawa of M
hi Jee, anil of excrcuma (be uowcrs culUjJTeitT
nl the (iciicral Aescmlily of tol Comer YarttJeas,
"Au Act KnablluK ibe Bunka of U.ie Coiu
tuome A.Roelailoiie for (he Furiiixeof BanTr
tbeliweol tbe United Hlatea." approved tbe J
AUKilsl. 1M14 : ami to lekc eueli acUuu iu riiiru
niey be neceesar) and proper .
Hy (inter ol (h Boaru 01 Directors, ' -
-a-rAO m'siiToy. Jr.. csi
KST NOTICE. COMMERCIA.L BANK
Pun npi piiia, Rcptemtier ?o, Issil.
A eoneral meet nil ot tbe NtockrjoUlers of tha "Com
mercial Batik ol I'cpiisvlvauia " v. ill ho he'd at thi Bank
li , lleiuenn TliritsliAr.the llli dae of October, twit,
ut 11 o cli ck A. Al , lor the purpose of. deciding the ques
tion whether or net the said Hank shall become an asso
ciation fur carry inu on ihe business ol' bankinx under the
laws or the I nl eil Stilton, auft i.f exercifline Ihe powcra
conlarred by tl.e act of the Oenoral Asaouibly of tma uom
nionv.i'ailh, rntlllcd "An A- t KnubliiiK Ihe Banks of this
t'oiiitnouwealili in become Associations fm-ttie parpoiaof
llatikhii', unoer tlie lawhol' ilm l uited rtiat'i," api'roved
the 'i'il day of AliKusI, Irel4, and 10 take eneh action iu
relation tlitrcto as rney be ni'ces.ary andjirviper. . .
By orilcr ol the Board of LMrectors.
i) -vjl-walii H. C. FAL1IER, CaiMer,
BTOCK HOLDERS' MEETING. ,
COllS kXCIIAN'OB BANK.
Fiiii.AiKi.i'uiA,aoptomber 30. 1A14.
A general mectl' g oi the rtin.-UioldHr. of the ttorti Ex
chanue Bank ol Pliuailcliibla will be held at their Bauk
lhi liollse, oil 'I Hl ltrVAY. I e MM day of OeUisr next,
at rio'c'oek noon, for the pnrp ise of taking llto conslile
rnilon anil ih obi me on the gueilion whether or not theeaid
Bank sha'l b.iouio asNiiciati tl for cirrylne ontlel
biiftinrsa ol Bans In umlor Hie lawa of the United States,
anil ol ex. relsiuv rhe powers eonterred by Ihe aet of lha
(leneral A seinbly of lhi.( 'omninnwesliti, entitled "An aet
cnabhiiK tl.c tiiiuksol trilstviuiuionweallh to become asso
ciallon. for Ihu purpose of hankhir under (he laws of the
U luted bluies," appivvcd th'j ftil day ol AuKust, and
to lake such action la rcArd thcruui as any be nesieseux
Bv eider of the Board of Directors.
it-iil atit J. vv. TOitttEf . Cashier.
SIXTH UB10JI LEAGUE REGIMENT.
Authority haviiie; bat n received to fwralt tut
Siitli Union League Regiment
ItecrultiDS wili still coatinu under tha snaervlvloa of
LIEUT. C1IAKXE8 W. FRAZIER, :
OLD CITY HEADQUARTERS.
5o. M8 sj. IUIBD STREET.
This IUclmnt tint of the meat popular la tha servlee,
bi Inj oniler the couimand of
OLD AND KXrEHIENL'ED OFF1CKR9.
Tlic tlthest 'iwcrutnsi'.t, CUT, and Ward Bounties are
250 MEN WANTED . .
TO FILL THE QUOTA OF THE TtUTrU WAHO.
lliehett ll on: j Paid. Ap,!y to
A. II. FIUNOISOUS,
So. 913 MAKh. .T eilK'ET.
11KAPQVAUTEUS PROVOST MAR-hal.FI-sl
Outricu l'a.,No. J(l b. IiliHO aueet.
'pi' ll'li,t, .VlltU.I II. ISM.
To lii.uii' prompt replies to all question oa ordinary
tubiecls colllle.lH.I "I II me (.iiroiooio. .m..: ,. .i
tiou Mablmleato limit, t'reUU" nd Aoconuia of uea
,,riil.b'd. Ott.a.ua are reiiuclodtu mulia , ap.icUon to
! e rravn.l Muchuloi ihefo.inrcssl.M.al lllstrlet fursncta
U.ionusliou.aud uut 10 Uie Fluvusl -VlivrjUul-ljeiietai at
WaeauiKion. provost Marshal-General.
"J WllllAVIi; LEIIMAV,
BUn.fI Cnpuiu and I'rovoBl Mitraaaf.
A lor the I 1
Fj 10 pei lorn
and ou h.
TiOINTV FOIl MARINES. WANTED
mu d Mates aluritie t oriis, aoie-noaien 1
kirut the duile ul a soliiior el our aiy Variia.
board L nued smics ahips-ui-war oa loruiaa
A, ill.. I;S.
'J erui ef service, Four Veers.
I'.eitcr CMi.pensiiikni than the ninijr.
ALL t HI. I.i Al. iti'i'M ILs) paid upon enllntment.
Merliies receive I'rl'e Monur.
lur e'.l lurihcr luiurtuatloa apply at tin RecrulUruj
Leudeivou., g F1!0NT sired, below Bpruca Straet,
between liic Ugurs 01 aud u ciick. M,,rvwEY
ava.-tr Malar and llecruliluf Oticer.
1'llllLOVUHb P U U I
t h hi (il'illfi-Ft RI.'U'Hi
...... .1 . L' I ' 1; 1 1 1 1 1 . I
1 L ulu l u na 1 11 U ia) 0 e. ua.
Offers and intitlers vfsltlni tPe eltjr on Nrtniinhs, needing
hWOKi.S AM' ('Till It Mll.l 1'AUV E jl' IP M r.X -'i,
bWUHOD AND OTI1FK MILITARY tiiL'IFMtal T,
Ale lio lte l t Itn; UAlcustv e .
MAV1 ,'M It HIND rUTAIlLIXIIVHIT
MAU1 AClLUlNvi LS 1 AllLlaU iL-S f
OF.OROK W. HI MON B A BHOTIIKR, , , . ;
OfcOlH.K W. H1MHNS A ItloiTllBK,
ttANKOM bTHKKT HAIL.
(USsiiM MKI.l.l' lltl.L. ,
BAKS'lM Buuet, aU.vo liUiu bird
ritF.aFNTATIO HWOm '
l'ld-.s,H.TAI ION fcWOKIli . . , ,n4
Mude to order 111 the shorn. I notice."" " Ihr ijen u
InKnlll.neechllonpec,uipUiiou .Lw 1:1 i-.at
couiiiry c..ml..mn- r. Ma's" 1 ' mH
., 1 ' 1