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BY MEYERS & MENGEL.
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THB BEDFORD GAZETTE is published every Fri
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rruiE sunT ~
J A MORNING PAPER.
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THE WEEKLY SUN,
A FIRSTCLASS FAMILY NEWSPAPER,
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And General Variety.
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THE WEEKLY SUN is published Every Satur
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A. S. ABELL & CO.. Publishers.
Baltimore and South Streets, Baltimore. Md.
DR. CHASE'S RECIPES, or Infor
mation for Everybody : —An invaluable
collection of about 800 practical recipes for Mer
chants. Grocers. Saloon keepers, Physicians. Drug
gists. Tanners, Shoemakers. Harness-makers, Pain
ters. Jeweler s . Blacksmiths, Tinners. Gunsmiths,
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Farmers, and Families Generally.
To which iias been added a Rational Treatment
of Pleurisy, Inflammation of the Lungs aud Inflam
matory Diseases, and also for Genera! Female Debil
ity and Irregularities.
The undersigned is agent for Bedford county.—
For agencies address L. M. BTATLEK,
1 r24tf Stoystown, Pa.
RJLIIE BEDFORD GAZETTE
Plt I NTING ESTABLISHMKXT,
MEYERS & MENGEE
Having recently rnttde additional im
provements tr our office, we are pre
pared to execute all orders for
PI,AIX AND FANCY
JOBPRI N T I N G ,
With dispatch and in the most
SU P Ell ion STYLE.
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POSTERS, PROGR AMMES, Ac.,
CONCERTS AND E X 111 H ITIO NS,
"PUBLIC SALE" BILLS
Printed at short notice.
We can insure complete satisfaction
as to time and price
\f T A T E R S'
y\ NEW SCALE PIANOS,
With Iron Frame^ Overstrung Bass and Agraffe
MELODEONS am. CABINET ORGANS,
The best manufactured : Warranted for 6 years.
Fifty New and Second-hand Pianos. Melodeonß
and organs of six first-class makers, at low prices
for Oath, or, one-third cash and the balance in
M -athly Instalments. Second-hand Instruments
at great bargains. Illustrated Catalogue mailed.
Warorooms, 431 Broadway, New York.
The Waters' Pianos are known as among the
very best.— N. 1". Evangelist.
Wc can speak > f the merits of the Waters' Pi
anos from personal knowledge asboingof the very
best quality. — Christian Intelligencer.
The Waters' Pianos are built of the very best
and most thoroughly seasoned material.— Advocate
an it Journal.
Our friends will find at Mr. Waters' store the
very best assortment of Pianos. Melodeonsand Or
g.ir.s to he found in the United States.— Graham's
M rsicAL Dotsos,— Since Mr. Waters gave up
publishing sheet music, he has devoted his whole
capital and attention to the manufacture and sale
of Pianos and Melodeons. He has just issued a
catalogue of his new instruments, giving a new
scale of prices, which shorn a marked reduction
from former rates, and his Pianos have recently
been awarded the First Premium at several Faira.
Many people of the present day, who are attract
ed if not confused, with the flaming adeertise
mcntsof rival piano houses, probably overlook the
modest manufacturer like Mr Waters; hut we
ha}.pen to khow that his instruments earned him a
good reputation long before Expositions and "hon
ors'' connected therewith were ever thought of;
indeed, we have otic of Mr. Waters' Pianofortes
now in our residence (where it has stood for many
years.) of which any manufacturer in the world
might well be proud. We have always been de
lighted with it as a sweet-toned and powerful in
strument, and there is no doubt of its durability ;
more thaL this, some of the best amateur players
in the city, as well as several celebrated pianists,
have performed on the same piano, and all pro
nounce it a superior and first-class instrument,
-'ranger endorsement we could not give —Home
' 11 VEILS from a distance for any
® J kind of JOB PRINTING promptly attend* i
t rend to TIIE GAZETTE JOB OFFICE. Bed
LEcT R I C
TELEGRAPH IN CHINA.
THE EAST INDIA TELEGRAPH COMPANY'S
Nos. 23 & 25 Nassau Street,
Organized under special charter from the State
of New York.
50,000 SHARES, SIOO EACH.
I) I R E C T O It S.
HON ANDREW G. CURTIN, Philadelphia.
PAUL S. FORBES, of Russell A Co., China.
FRED. BUTTERFIELD, of F. Butterfield A C
ISAAC LIYERMORE, Treasurer Michigan Cen
tral Railroad, Boston.
ALEXANDER HOLLAND, Treasurer American
Express Company, New York.
lion JAMES NOXON, Syracuse. Y.
O. 11. PALMER. Treasurer Western Union Tele
graph Company, New York.
FLETCHER WESTRAY, of Wcstray, Gibbs A
Hardcastle, New York.
NICHOLAS MICKLES, New York.
O F FIC E IIS.
A. G. CURTIN, President.
N. MICKLES, Vice President.
GEORGE ELLIS (Cashier National Bank Com
HON. A. K. McCLCRE, Philadelphia, Solicitor.
The Chinese Government having (through the
Hon. Anson Burlingame) conceded to this Com
pany the privilege of connecting the great sea
ports of the Empire by submarine electric tele
graph cable, we propose commencing operations
in China, and laying down a line of nine hundred
miles at once, between the following port s. viz :
Hang Chean 1,200,000
These ports have a foreign commerce of $900,-
000.000. and an enormous domestic trade, besides
which we have the immense internal commerce of
the Empire, radiating from these points, through
its canals and navigable rivers.
The cable being laid, this company proposes
erecting land lines, and establishing a speedy and
trustworthy means of communication, which must
command there, as everywhere else, the commn
ni 'ations of the Governn.offt, of business, and of
social life especially in China. She has no postal
system, and her only means now of commuuicating
information is by couriers on land, and by steam
ers on water.
The Western World knows that China is a very
large country, in the main densely peopled; but
few yet realize that she contains more than a third
of the human race. The latest returns made to
her central authorities for taxing purposes by the
local magistrate hiake her population Four hun
dred and Fourteen millions, and this is more
likely to be under than over the actual aggregate.
Nearly all of these, who are over ten years old,
not only can but do read and write. Her civili
zation is peculiar, but her literature is as exten
sive as that of Europe. China is a land of teach
ers and traders; and the latter are exceedingly
quick to avail themselves of every proffered facili
ty for procuring early information It is observed
in California that the Chinese raako great use of
the telegraph, though it there transmits messages
in English alone. To-day great numbers of fleet
steamers are owned by Chinese merchants, and
used by them exclusively for the transmission of
early intelligence. If the telegraph wo propose
connecting all their great seaports, were now in
existence, it is believed that its business would
pay the cost within the first two years of its suc
cessful operation, and would steadily increase
No enterprise commends itself as in a greater
degree rcnumerative to capitalists, and to our
whole people. It is of vast national importance
commercially, politically and evangelically.
stock of this Company has been un
qualifiedly recommended to capitalists and busi
ness men, as a desirable investment by editorial
articles in the New York Herald, Tribune,
World, Times, Post, Express, Independent, and
in the Philadelphia North American, Presi,
Ledger, Inquirer, Age, Bulletin and Telegraph.
Shares of this company, to a limited Dumber,
may bo obtained at S6O each, $lO payable down,
sls on the Ist of November, and $25 payable in
monthly instalments of $2.50 each, commencing
December 1, 1863, on application to
DREX EL & CO.,
31 South Third Street,
Shares can be obtained in Bedford by applica
tion to Reed A Schell, Bankers, who are author
ized to receive subscriptions, and can give aline
cessary information on the subject. scpt2syl
W E combine style with neatness of fit.
And moderate prices with the best workmanship,
.TONES' ONE PRICE CLOTHING HOUSE
604 MARKET STREET,
GEO. W. NIEMANN. PHILADELPHIA.
[sepll ,'oS,yl |
jD UY YOUR NOTIONS
deed R. W BERKSTRE6SER.
I">LASTEH.— The subscriber would
rospeetfully inform the public that he has
just received from the city 60 tons of best Nova
and will continue to reoeive, as his stock diminish
es, until the firit ot April, which he will grind,
and have for sale at Hartley's Mill, and will sell
as cheap as oan be bought for cash. Wheat, rye,
or corn, at the highest oash prices taken in ex
change for Plaster Remember, only until the Ist
of April. Thankfnl for p is' favors he solicits a
continuance of the same,
decibind ANPREW J. MILLER
soof land's (Tohumi.
y ou ALL
HAVE HEARD OF
IIOOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS,
IIOOFLAND'S GERMAN TONIC.
Prepared by Dr. C. M. Jackson, Philadelphia.
Their introduction into this country from Ger
many occurred in
THEY CURED YOUR
FATHERS ANI) MOTHERS,
And will cure you and your children. They are
entirely different from-* -j-themany preparations
now in the country cal l—l led Bitters or Tonics.
They are no tavern -* A preparation, or any
thing like one ; but good, honest, reliable medi
cines. They are
The greatest known remedies for
Diseases of the Kidneys,
ERUPTIONS OF THE SKIN,
and all Diseases arising from a Disordered Liver,
IMPURITY OF THE BLOOD.
Constipation, Flatulence, Inward Piles, Fullnes
of Blood to the Head, Acidity of the Stomach,
Nausea, Heartburn, Disgust for Food, Full
ness or Weight in the Stomach, Sour Eruc
tations, Sinking or Fluttering at the
Pit of the Stomach, Swimming of the
Head. Hurried or Difficult Breathing,
Fluttering at the sHeart, Choking or
Suffocating Sersa | 1 tions when in a Lying
Posture, Dimness of Vision, Dots or Webs
before the sight, Dull Pain in the Head, Defi
ciency of Perspiration. Yellowness of the Skin
and Eyes, Pain in the Side, Back. Chest,
Limbs, etc., Sudden Flushes of Heat,
Burning in the Flesh. Constant Imagi
nings of Evil and Great Depression of Spirits.
All these indicate diseases of the Liver or Di
gestive Organs, combined with impure blood.
HOOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS
is entirely vegetable and contains no liquor. It
is a compound of Fluid Extracts. The Roots,
Herbs, and Barks from which these extracts are
made, are gathered in Germany. All the medi
cinal virtueus are ex v traded from them by
a scientific Chemist. I I These extracts are
then forwarded to tbis Yo country to be used ex
pressly for the manufacture of these Bitters.
There is no alcoholic substance of any kind used
in compounding the Bitters, hence it is the only
Bitters that can be used in CBSCS where alcoholic
stimulants are not advisable.
HOOFLAND'S GERMAN TONIC
is a combination of all the ingredients of the Bit
ters, with PURE Santa Cruz Rum, Orange, etc. It
is used for the same diseases as the Bitters, in case
where some pure alcoholic stimulus is required.
You will bear in mind that these remedies are en
tirely different from any others advertised for the
cure of the diseases named, these being scientific
preparations of medicinal extracts, while the oth
ers are mere decoctions of rum in some form. The
TONIC is decidedly one of the most pleasant and
agreeable remedies cvor offered to the public. Its
taste is exquisite. It is a pleasure to take it. while
its life-giving, exhilarating? and medicinal quali
ties have caused it to bo known as the greatest of
There is no medicine equal to Iloofland's Ger
man Bitters or Tonic -w in cases of Debility.
They impart a tone l-( and vigor to the whole
system, strengthen JL the appetite, cause an
enjoyment of the food, enable the stomach to di
gest it, purify the blood, give a good, sound,
healthy complexion, eradicate the yellow tinge
from the eye. impart a bloom to tbe cheeks, aud
change the patient from a short-breathed, emaci
ated, weak, and nervous invalid, to a full-faced,
stout, and vigorous person.
Weak and Delicate Children are
made strong by using the Bitters or Tonic. In
fact, they are Family Medieines. They can he
administered with perfect safety to a child three
months old, the most delicate female, or a man of
These remedies are the best
ever known and will cure all diseases resulting
from bad Keep yjur blood pure ; keep
your Liver in order, w keep your digestive
organs in a sound, I healthy condition, by
the use of these rcme -M..J dies, and no diseases
will ever assail you. The best men in the country
recommend them. If years of honest reputation
go for anything, you must try these preparations.
FROM HON. GEO. W. WOODWARD,
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylva
PHILAI.ELPHIA, March 16. 1867.
I find that Gloofland's German Bitters" is not
an intoxicating beverage, but is a good tonic, use
ful in disorders of the digestive organs, and of
great benefit in cases of debility and want of ner
vous action in the system.
GEO. W. WOODWARD.
FROM IION. JAMES TAOMPSON.
Judge of the Supreme Conrt of Pennsylvania.
PHILADELPHIA, April 23, 1866.
I consider "Hoofiand's German Bitters" a valua
ble medicine in case . of attauks of Indiges
tion or Dyspepsia. I \ can certify this from
my experience of it. XJL Yours, with respect,
FROM REV. JOSEPH 11. KENNARD, D. I).,
Pastor of the Tenth Baptist Church, Philadelphia.
DR. JACKSON — DEAR SIR:—I have been fre
quently requested to connect my name with rec
ommendations of different kinds of medicines, but
regarding the piactice as out of my appropriate
sphere, I have in all cases declined , but with a
clear proof in various instances, and particularly
in uiy own family, ot the usefulness ot Dr. Hoof
land's German Bitters, I depart for once from
my usual course, to express my full conviction
that for general debility of the system, and es
pecially for Liver Com --r plaint, it is a safe
and valuable propara tion. In some cases
it may fail; bnt usual-i-a ly, I doubt not, it
will be very beneficial to those who suffer from the
above causes. Yours, very respectfully,
J. 11. KENNARD,
Eigth, below CoatesStreet.
Hoofland's German Remedies are counterfeited.
The Genuine have the signature of C. M. .JACK
SON on the front of the outside' wrapper of eueh
bottle, and the name of the article blown in each
bottle. All others are counterfeit.
Price of the Bitters, *1 per bottle;
Or, a half dozen for $•".
Price of the Tonic, $1 50 per bottle;
Or, a half dozen for $7 S(L
The tonic is put up in quart bottles.
Recollect that it is Dr. Iloofland's German
Remedies that are so universally used and so
highly recommended; w v and do not allow the
Druggist to induce I lyou to take anything
else that he may say-I-'is just as good, be
cause he makes a larger profit on it. These Reme
dies will be sent by express to any locality upon
application to the
At the German Medicine Store.
No. 631 ARCII STREET, Philadelphia.
CHAS. M. EVANS,
F-iruicrly C. M. JACKSON A Co.
These Remedies are for sale by Druggists, Store
keepers and Medicine Dealers everywhere.
Do not forget to examine the articiefoou bug
in order to get the genmtie.
BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 29, 18G9.
A MOTHEU-S MANAGEMENT.
The dismal December night was clos
ing, with starless gloom, over the
spires and chimney tops of the city—
the blinding mist of snow Hakes was
wreathing its white pall over all, and
the wind, murmuring sadly through
the streets, seemed to have an almost
human wail in his moan.
"It's an ugly kind of a night," mut
tered Mr. Terryn to himself, as he
buckled his fur closer round his neck,
"and a wind fit to cut one in two. —
Hallo! what's this?"
lie had very nearly stumbled over
something that looked like a bundle,
crouching at the foot of a flight of
steps, in the shadow of a ruinous old
brick archway; but, as he checked
himself abruptly, the bundle erected
itself into somethig human in shape
and looked at him through wild,
"Who are you ?" he demanded, on
the impulse of the moment.
"Only me, sir—little Tess."
"Please give me a penny, sir !" cried
the child, suddenly subsiding into the
regular professional whine of her
"Only a penny."
"Where do you live?"
"I don't live nowhere, sir -I skulks
round in the alleys."
-"Oh, you do, eh ? and who takes
care of you ?"
"Sent to the Island, sir."
"Are you a boy ? or a girl ?
(For the creature's tangled locks and
ragged garb gave no clue to its sex.)
"I'm a girl, sir."
"You ought to be ashamed of your
self, begging in the streets," said Mr.
Terryn, serverely. "Why don't you
As he approached his own door a
bright child's face peeped out between
the curtain, and a's Mr. Terryn entered
the cheery sitting romp, he could not
but think with a remorseful pang of
the shivering bundle of rags under the
brick archway beyond.
"It's none of my business," he
thought, "I dare say the police will
pick the poor little elf up, and take
her where she'll be better off.
But Mr. Terryn's conscience was l<ss
adamantine than he had given i^cred
it for being. It pricked him sorely as
he sat toasting his slippered feet Lw>
fore the bright embers—it whispered
to him as he listened to the lullaby
wherewith his wife was lulling the
babe to sleep upon her breast. Had
little Tess ever known a mother's
care, or heard a mother's cradle song?
And she could scarcely have been six
years old, either.
"Where are you going, my dear?"
questioned his wife, as he rose up sud
"Out into the street. There was a—a
child there—a little girl, crouching on
some steps ."
"A child? Homeless? And such a
night as this? Oh, Herbert, you
should have brought her here!"
Five minutes afterwards Mr. Terryn
was out in the driving whirlwinds of
snow bending over the small stray
who was huddled up, just where he
had left her.
"Here- child where are you ?"
But there was no answer. Little
Tess was benumbed and stupified by
lie lifted her up, a poor little skele
ton wrapped in a miserable thin coat
ing of rags, and feeling strangely light
in his arms, and carried her home. —
Mrs. Terryn met him at the door.
"Oh, Herbert, what a poor little
starved wretch? Her hands are like
Charley looked on with breathless
interest, at the process of feeding,
warming and restoring some vitality
to the torpid object.
When little Tess opened her eyes, it
was to the glow of a warm fire and the
mellow sparkle of gaslights.
"Am I dead?" cried the child, "and
is this Heaven?"
"Poor little creature!" said Mrs.
Terryn, bursting into tears.
"Tesora" her name proved to he—a
sweet Italian synonym for the word
"treasure," and a treasure she was, in
gentle Mrs. Terryn's eyes, especially
after her little babe was dead and bur
"How Tesora grows?" said Tslr.
Terryn suddenly, on one day as the
beautiful girl came in, rosy and smil
ing, from a walk.
"Why she is as tall as a grown wo
man !' ;
"She is a grown woman," said Mrs.
Terryn, with a smile.
"How old is she?"
"Sixteen, day before yesterday !"
"Is it possible" said Mr. Terryn,
thoughtfully. "How timesslips away!
Tesora sixteen? Why, then Charley
must be twenty!"
"It is true, my dear said his wife, wo
are getting to be old people, now !"
"I wonder what will become of Tes
ora," said Mr. Terryn, musingly.
".She would make a capital governess,
her education has been so thorough,
"Father"'said Charles Terryn, res
olutely, as he walked up in front of his
father and stood with folded arms, "I
can tell you what will become of Tes
ora ! She is to be my wife !"
"Nonsense!" ejaculated Mr. Terryn.
"Charley," she said, when the in
dignant father had jerked out of the
room, "don't waste your breath in ar
guing with your father. Argument
never conquered yet, in such a case as
"But what am I to do ?"
"Have you spoken toTess yet?"
"Wait then let matters rest. I will
So Mrs. Terryn gave little dinner
parties and select soirees, and "brought
out" Tesora, according to the regular
programme. She made a sensation.*—
Mrs. Terryn had known that she would,
Tesora was a belle—a queen of fashion.
Suitors congregated around her.
"Well, Tess," said Mr. Terryn, one
night—he was getting wondrously
proud of his adopted daughter's success
in the world of society—"are you going
out to night ?"
"1 thought Charley had taken a box
at the opera for you !"
"I promised Colonel Randolph first,"
said Tesora, languidly playing with
"And how about to-morrow night?
I suppose Charley could get his tickets
"I am so sorry, sir, but I am engaged
for to morrow night.
Mr. Terryn rose and walked rest
lessly up and down the room. He was
a man much guided by opinion of his
fellow-men. Tesora muni boa treasure
else why this competition among tho
young millionaires for her society !
"Look here, Tess—Charley will bo
so disappointed !"
"I can't help it. Let me see"—and
she glanced at the tables—"Friday is
the only evening I have disengaged."
"Fiddlestick !" muttered the old
gentleman, uneasily. It seems to me
you're getting to be a great belle,
"Am, I papa !" said Tess, laughing.
"But you see I am your own little girl
And she gave him a little coaxing
"My own little girl—yes—but what
will you become when Colonel Ran
dolph or Dayton L' Estrange, or some
other of these scamps, takes you away
Tesora blushed until the rose on her
cheek was like a carnation.
"They will not papa."
"Won't they? lam not altogether
so sure of that."
But the next afternoon he came
home from his office with a puzzled
"They have come, Teas!"
"What have come ?"
"The offers of marriage—two of 'em,
byJupititer!—Colonel Randolph and
Mr. Dupinier! What do you say,
"I—l must think of it, papa."
"Very gentlemanly, I must say
both well off, substantial fellows, and
profess to be desperately in love with
my girl. But, Tess "
"You won't leave us, dear? Think
how desolate the old house will be
without you !"
Tesora was silent—her hand drop
"Father," said Mrs. Terryn, gently,
"let the girl decide for herself. We
have no right to stand between her and
a home and a husband of her own."
"But she might have a home and a
husband of her own here!" burst in
Mr. Terryn. That is—l mean—Char
"I have refused Charley, to-day!"
said Tesora calmly.
"Refused Charley ! And why ?"
"Because I have reason to believe
that his suit was pressed without the
approval of his father. Oh, sir, could
you think that, after all your kindness,
could steal your son's duty away from
you! I would rather die!"
"Spoken like yourself, Tess," said
Mrs. Terryn, going to her and kissing
"Tess, do you love him?" eagerly
questioned the father.
"That has nothing to do with the
question, sir," she answered, reserved
"But I want to know," he insisted.
'I do love him, sir, then."
"And you have refused him only be
cause I didn't approve!"
"But Ido approve, Tess! It would
make me the happiest old father in the
world, if I could call you both my chil
dren in real truth."
Charles Terryn rose from his seat and
came eagerly forward.
"Tesora—dearest—you hear him !
Once more I ask you to be my wife !"
And Tesora hid her face on his
shoulder, weeping—but Tesora was ve
ry happy, nevertheless!
"But, my love," said Mrs. Terryn,
softly, "what has wrought such a
change in your sentiments ?"
"I—l don't know," said the old gen
tleman, evasively. "I say Tess, what
shall I tell the Colonel and Mr. Dupin
"Tell them, sir," spoke up Charley,
"that she has a previous engagement!"
And so the mother's management
prevailed, and little Tess's, first home
was her last.
HOME POI.ITENESS.— ShouId an ac
quaintance tread on your dress, your
best, your very best, and by accident
tear it, how profuse you are with your
"never minds—l don't think of it—l
don't think of it—l don't care at all."
If a husband does it begets a frown, if
a child it is chastised.
And these are little things, says you !
They tell mightily on the heart, let us
assure you, little as they are.
A gentleman stops at a friend's
house, and finds it in confusion. "He
don't see anything to apologize for—
never thinks of such matters—every
thing is all right." Cold supper—cold
lie goes home, his wife has been tak
ing care of sick ones, and worked her
life almost out. "Don't see why
things can't be kept in better order
there never were such cross children
before." No apologies except away
Why not be polite at homo? Why
not use freely the golden coin of cour
tesy? llow sweet they sound, the e
little words, "thank you," or "you are
very kind." Doubly, yes, trebly sweet
from the lips wo love, when heart
smiles make the eye sparkle with the
clear light of affection.
Be polite to your children. Do you
expect them to be mindful for your
welfare, to grow glad at your approach,
to bound away to your pleasure before
your request is half spoken? Then,
with all your dignity and authority
mingle politeness. (Jive it a niche in
your household temple. Only then
will you have the truesecret of sending
out into the world really finished gen
tlemen and ladies.
Again we say unto all—be polite,—
Oliver Wendell Holmes is a poet and
a critic. We have read many of his
effusions with great delight, and have
many a time taken pleasurable occa
sion to season our heavier reading
with the attic salt of the "Autocrat of
the Breakfast Table." After saying
this, it is perhaps, needless to add that
Holmes is one of our literary favor
ites, and it would, doubtless, surprise
the reader considerably if we were to
assert, just here, that we have discov
ered our much admired author in an
act of plagiarism. We hope no one
will become excited on reading this
la. t sentence, for we have made no
such assertion and do not intend ma
king it. It is an easy matter to blast
the fame of a writer by showing that
he has made use of an expression or
figure of speech, or, what is of still
greater importance, an idea, which is
supposed to be the exclusive property
of some one who wrote before him.
There is nothing new under the sun.
There can be no plagiarism except
that which is, on its face, deliberate
and wilful theft. Each recurring
spring time reproduces the flower, the
leaf, the blade of grass, which sprang
up under the creative genius of (he
sunshine of its predecessor. Yet it is
not the same flower, leaf, or blade
which grew in the same place the year
before. As nature is not a plagiarist,
neither is the poet who clothes the
skeleton of an old idea in the flesh and
blood of his own imagination.
We have been led to this course of
remark by reading a poem recently
published by I)r. Holmes, entitled
"Bill and Joe," the first three stanzas
of which read as follows:
"Come, dear old comrade, you and I
\\ ill steal an hour from days gone by—
The shining days when life was now,
And all was bright with morning dew, —
The lusty days of long ago,
When you were Bill and I was Joe.
Your name may flaunt on titled trail,
Proud as cockerel's rainbow tail;
And mine as brief appendix wear
As Tain O'Shanter's luckless mare;
To-day, old friend, remember still
That I am Joe and you are Bill.
You've won the great world's envied prize,
And grand you look in people's eyes,
With HON and L. L. It.
In big, brave letters, fair to see, —
Your first, old fellow I off they go I
How are you. Bill ? How are you, Joe ?"
Doubtless, Dr. Holmes drew this
picture from life. It is poetry, good
poetry. But we remember seeing in
the newspapers, some twelve years a
go, a little verse written by Joseph
Williams, Esq., formerly Chief Justice
oflvansas, which contains thesubstance
of the thought, and, perhaps, some
thing more, of the stanzas above quo
ted. The history of that little verse is
as follows: Joseph Williams and Jere
miah S. Black, (late Attorney General
of the United States), were boys to
gether in the county of Somerset, in
this State. Beginning with the prac
tice of the law at the Somerset bar,
the lapse of years found the one a
Chief Justice of a territorial court and
the other Attorney General of the U
nited States. In the spring of 1859,
Judge Williams called upon Judge
Black at the St. Nicholas Hotel, New
York, but not finding him in, he left
a note containing the following verse:
'•0 Jerry, dear Jerry. I've found you at last,
And memory burdened with scenes of the past,
Returns to old Somerset's mountains of snow.
When you were but Jerry and I was but Joe."
We print this only to show how an
idea may be reproduced, in almost the
stine mode of expression as that before
used, without intentional plagiarism
on the part of the later writer. Were
Edgar A. Poe living, he would not
hesitate to pronounce Dr. Holmes guil
ty of literary theft; but he Is dead, and
none are left to wear his mantle.—
IN A HORN.— One Christmas day,
some years ago, some rather fast young
fellows hired horses from a livery sta
ble in the town of G , and deter
mined to have a good time generally.
One of the horses never recovered from
the effects of the ride, and the livery
man sned the rider for the value of
him. The lawyer for the plaintiff was
an ex-judge. He was a good lawyer,
but fond of his toddy. He was trying
to prove by one of the witnesses that
all were drunk, and commenced by
asking him :
"Where did you stop first after
leaving the livery-stable?"
"We stopped at Michael N -\s."
"Did you take a horn there?" asked
"Where did you stop next?"
"At the Gardens."
"Did you take a horn there?"
"Where did you stop next?"
"At the Four-Mile house."
"Did you take a horn there ?"
By this time the witness began to
smell a rat. "Horn ?" says lie, "I
want to know what has a horn got to
do with this case. I suppose because
you are a drinking kind of a fellow
yourself you think that every other
body is drunk."
You ought to have heard the explo
sion which shook the court room. The
ex-judge did not ask the witness any
more questions.— ExcMnge.
VOL. 64.—WHOLE No. 5,47 G.
HOIKS A XSI FARM.
The lies/ Breeds of Cattle for a Farm.
: —The question which breed of Cattle
is the most profitable to a farm, will
: depend on where the farm is located
and the purpose of the farmer to sup
ply a particular market, whether a
milk, butter, or cheese diary; whether
for raising stock for working oxen, or
feeding for the butcher. These differ
ent purposes require different breeds
W ithiu a convenient distance of a
town or city, the milk business will
yield the most money, clear profit.
1 he butter business (fresh, in pound or
half pound lumps,) next Cheese and
firkin butter can be made at a greater
distance from the market and brought
in at any time.
For these purposes we recommend
the Aldeyney and Ayrshires as real
milk-producing machines, converting
all the milk-producing food they are
able to digest into the lacteal eleme
rnent. Jt is impossible to fatten them
without first drying them up, and this
is no easy matter. Their milk, too,
is of the richest quality for either
cream; butter or cheese.
In some sections of the country,
where the farms are large, and stock
raising are feeding is made a business,
the short horn Durham and the De
vonshire will be the most profitable ;
for taking on fat and weight of carcass,
no other breed can compare with short
horn, either for pure blood or grades.
For working oxen the Devons are su
perior on account of their activity—
they are good feeders. We would by
110 means underrate the Devons and
short-horn as milkers. Many of both
breeds, as well as their crosses, prove
to be excellent milkers; but we still
adhere to the foregoing opinion, that
the Alderneys and Ayrshires are their
superiors in manufacturing milk out of
a given amount of food. Some of our
most discriminating dairymen differ
in opinion as to which of these two
breeds are the best milkers; on litis ac
count we have classed them together ;
but our preference, based upon our own
judgment, is in favor of the Alderneys.
J low to make Hens Lay in Winter.—
J. L. Peabody, in the Prairie Farmer,
"Let me inform your readers of a
plan to get hens lo lay in winter, that
I learned from a Kansas man, some
thing over a year ago, and which I
tried last winter with good success.—
He told me if I would let my hens
huddle together in some warm corner,
and not let them roost, I should get
plenty of eggs. I had about twenty
hens ; my hen-house was a rough shed,
eight feet square, with a small window
anil door on the east. I took down
all the roosting poles, leaving the nest
boxes only. With a few short boards
I made a small shed about four feet
square, on the south-side of the larger
one, and covered it with eornfodder,
(straw is better.) I made a hole for
the hens to pass fropi the large house
into the small one. The result was,
my hens continued to lay all through
the cold weather. You will have to
drive them in a few times at first;
they will soon learn to go in them
selves. Put in wood ashes occasional
ly to keep them from vermin. There
are a great many who are not able to
build an expensive hennery, but any
one can fix up a place like this in an
hour or two, with very little expense."
Plotters in Winter. —lf you would fes
toon your windows, scoop out tow
middle-sized turnips, fiii them with
rich earth, and sow the seeds of the
Thumbergia, bearing yellow flowers,
and the Lobelia (compacta) bearing
blue, and hang one on each side of the
window. The former will run up and
cling to the strings which support your
hanging basket, while the latter will
fall gracefully down, and you will
have the pleasure of noting day by day
just how each green leaflet appears and
grows and spreads itself out to the air
Scarlet Fever.—A correspondent of
the Wilmington Commercial, writing
from Kent county, where the scarlet
fever has prevailed to an alarming de
gree, recommends as a cure for this
terrible disease, that "the patient be
greased with fat bacon, over the entire
surface of the body." We have known
the diseases to be cured by enveloping
the patient in a warm poultice made
of Indian meal. Both these remedies
may be old, but a trial of either, or
both, can do no harm, while your phy
sician is hesitating as to what experi
ment he shall try to save the life of
A Good Plum Pudding without Eggs.
—One pound of raisins, half a pound
of suet, one pound of llour, four ounces
of bread crnmbs, two table-spoonsful
of molasses, one pint of milk, nutmeg
and grated ginger to taste. Chop the
suet very flee, mix it with the flour,
add the bread crumbs, ginger and the
raisins stoned, and mix the whole well
together with the milk and molasses.
Put into a pan or floured cloth, and
boil it four hours.
Warm Bed for Pigs . —lf pigs are kept
warm and dry during the winter
they will do much better for it. In
building a straw stack, it is very well
to provide a shelter at one side or end
of the same. A pen may be built up
at one side or end of the stack around
and over the pen, leave a gap suitable
for the'pigs to pass in and out, and will
make a delightful house for them, and
they may sleep there warmly and com
fortably in the coldest weather.
Cold in the Head.—Dr. Pollion of
France says that cold in the head can
be cur* d by inhaling hartshorn, 'ihe
inhaling by the nose should be seven
or eight times in five minutes.
Men can acquire knowledge, but not
wisdom. Some of the greatest fools the
world as known have been learnt (1