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Rural Development Council To Meet
Co.) The Pennsylvania Rural
Development Council will hold a
town meeting June IS at the Penn
State campus in Wilkes-Barre to
focus attention on economic deve
lopment issues for northeastern
The session comes in the after
math of a report published recen
tly by the Economic Development
Council of Northeastern Pennsyl
vania, which identified a number
of issues critical to future growth
in the region.
“The report was part of that
group’s ‘NEPA 2000 Project,’
which addresses economic deve
lopment and qualify of life,” Rural
Development Council Co-chair
Peter Loedding said. “It includes
the results of two questionnaire
surveys of local government
Helen D. Wise, who co-chairs
the council with Loedding, said
council officials feel discussion of
these issues is important.
“Our mission is to bring federal,
state and local governments
together with private enterprise
and nonprofit groups to promote
economic development and a bet
ter quality of life in rural Pennsyl
vania,” Wise said.
“A full and open discussion of
those issues deemed by local peo
How To Protect From BVD
STATE COLLEGE (Centre Co.) Prevent the introduction of ani
mals infected with Bovine Virus Diarrhea on the farm by improving
Following several proven practices and science-based strategies can
provide a significant level of protection from this disease which can wipe
out half a dairy herd on initial infection in the herd.
' • Bring in only animals from uninfected herds.
• Bring in only animals from herds with a known effective vaccination
•program. - » ‘“' l ‘ - *
• Avoid the purchase of animals from sales bams
H ‘Test new animals for persistent infection in advance of introduction to
• Isolate new animals for 30 days before allowing contact w.ith animals
To increase the resistance of the herd to B VD, there arc several things
which can be done.
Cattle owners should vaccinate as directed by the herd veterinarian and
the vaccine manufacturer’s recommendations.
They should also maximize colostrum consumption by newborn calves
and reduce stress on cattle caused by other diseases, poor nutrition,
uncomfortable housing or poor air quality.
To decrease exposure to BVD, prevent manure contamination of cow’s
coats, feed and water; house baby calves in individual calf hutches; and
isolate sick animals.
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ple to be important will go a long
way toward accomplishing that
missiolt in northeastern
Wise is deputy chief of staff for
programs and secretary to the
cabinet for Gov. Robert P. Casey.
Topics to be discussed at the
town meeting, and the discussion
• Regionalization George
Klaus, director of the Bureau of
Local Government Service, Pen
nsylvania Department of Com
• Leadership training Klaus.
• Council 'of Governments
(COG) system Bob Hormell,
assistant director of SEDA-COG.
•Strategic planning Anna I>\7’T| T TnHofa*
Breinich, president of the Pen- JLJ v JLr UJJUaIVe
nsylvania Planning Association.
J (Continued from Page A 1)
state and federal veterinarians had
been working on this case with
ADL and the National. Veterinary
Services Laboratory (NVSL).
Since then, one additional herd, in
the southeastern part of the state,
has been identified with the BVD
• Incentives for governments to
work together Paul Raetsch,
chief planning technical assistant
for the U.S. Economic Develop
• Tax reform proposals as they
affect rural Pennsylvanians
Dean DeLong, Carbon County
Commissioner; Douglas Hill,
executive director of the Pennsyl
vania County Commissioners
Association; and Dawson Detwil
er. executive director of the Pen-
nsylvania Association of Rural &
• Joint delivery of services
Howard Grossman, executive
director. Economic Development
Council of Northeastern
• Use of media James Git
tens, editorial page editor. Citi
zens’ Voice newspaper, Wilkes-
■ The town meeting will be held
at the Fortinsky Auditorium in the
Center for Technology on the
campus, beginning at 7 p.m.
Interested persons are asked to
reserve space by calling the Pen
nsylvania Rural Development
Council in Williamsport at (717)
Over the past year, outbreaks
have occurcd in more than 200
Canadian herds with either no his
tory of BVD vaccination or
inadequate BVD vaccination.
(They had never received the
manufacturer’s recommended ini
tial two doses of vaccine. Without
the double vaccination initially,
cattle won’t have much protection
against BVD, regardless of how
many annual boosters received.)
Also, cases of BVD have beat
diagnosed in California, Kentuck
y, Michigan, New York, Ohio, and
Wisconsin, as well as
Are the recent outbreaks in
Ontario caused by new or different
strains of BVD virus?
The BVD viruses from Ontario
outbreaks apparently cause more
severe disease. However, BVD
viruses like these have been in the
United States and other parts of
Canada since at least 1987.
Will the vaccines now on the
market protect against these BVD
These BVD viruses are slightly
different from the viruses used in
production of vaccines but still
share similarities. The vaccines
will protect against severe out-
Pa. Holstein Cancels
Western Judging School
STATE COLLEGE (Centre Co.) The Weston Pennsylvania
Junior Holstein Judging School that had been scheduled to be held
June 27-28 in Butler County has been canceled because of prob
lems associated with Bovine Virus Diarrhea (BVD), a disease that
haJ been showing up in cattle herds across die United States and
According to a news release, “With currentßVD problems faced
by a number of herds in northwest Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania
Holstein Association feels that to minimize potential exposure to
herds, it is in the best interest of all involved to cancel our junior
judging school in Buder for this year.”
Youth interested in advancing their knowledge of catde judging
may still attend the Eastern Pennsylvania Junior Holstein Judging
School that is still scheduled for June 29-30 in Franklin County.
At the eastern school, Creedin Comrnan, a well-known Holstein
breeder and judge from Carlisle, is to serve as school teacher.
Details of die school have also been finalized and herds to be vis
ited include Pleasant Valley Jersey Farm, owned by Lester and
Doug Martin and family of Chambersburg; Antrim Spring Hols
teins, owned by Harold, Roger and Rodney Crider. Chambersburg;
Crown Stone Guernsey Farm, owned by the William Schnebly
Family, in Clear Spring, Md.; and Windy-Knoll-View Holsteins,
owned by James and Nina Burdette and family, in Mercersburg.
Plans include placing and discussing three classes of animals at
each farm. Those who attend will have an opportunity to place each
class and participate in discussions on their placings.
The cost of the school is $25 for overnight participants. $l5 for
commuters, and families can take off $5 for each additional family
member attending. Registrations are due June 17.
For more information, contact the Pa. Holstein Association, 839
Benner Pike, State College, Pa., 16801, or call 1-814-234-0364.
“We appreciate the interest of the many juniors who signed up
(for the western school), and we hope their enthusiasm for judging
dairy cattle will continue,” stated the news release.
breaks. It is important to realize
that no vaccine is 100 percent
effective; some animals may get
sick with BVD even if the herd has
There is no evidence that one
brand of vaccine is more effective
than others. Research in Canada
showed that field isolates from
Ontario and Quebec all had some
degree of cross reactivity with the
vaccine strains of the virus. Con
sult with your veterinarian to
determine the best procedure for
vaccinating your herd.
When a herd that has never been
vaccinated is exposed to BVD, up
to SO percent of the cattle on the
farm may die. Calves, heifers and
fresh cows are most susceptible.
When a herd has been vacci
nated, but the vaccinations haven’t
been kept up, and the herd is then
exposed to BVD, it is very difficult
to predict what will happen.
•• » , .
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BVD To Blame
When vaccinated during an out
break of BVD. cattle may be only
partially protected. These cattle
may abort or their calves may be
bom weak and later die.
Keeping a “closed” herd is no
excuse for not vaccinating. In fact,
it is nearly impossible to keep a
truly closed herd.
To determine whether you need
better protection, ask yourself
• Do you hire someone to truck
your own heifers or dry cows for
you? Are your truckers careful
about making sure their truck or
trailer is clean before moving your
cattle? Will your animals come
into contact with other cattle or
their manure when they are being
transported? Does your farm share
a fence line with another farm?
• Do you utilize biosecurity
measures? Do you regulate how
and when people come
in contact with animals
in your herd? When was
the last lime a visitor
walked directly into
your bam or through
Many dairy produc
ers and veterinarians
have grown accustomed
to not dealing with seri
ous contagious diseases.
Some slop vaccinating
their herds; others try to
cut down on the number
of limes they vaccinate.
become lax with basic
infectious disease con
This information was
compiled by Yvette
Raujf, Larry Hutchin
son, Dale Moore, Bill
Sischo, Tom Drake, and
Tony Castro with the
Department of the Pen
nsylvania Stale Univer
goes to Dr Robert
Tremhley, of Ontario,
Canada, for the use of
multiple excerpts from