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THE TIMES, NEW BLOOMFIELD, PA., DECEMBER 11, 1877.
New Moomfleld, Dec. 11, 1877.
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THE TIMES FOR 1878.
For the year 1878 we propose to furnish Tn
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There is but one cure for hard times
and the sooner people recognize that
truth the sooner our financial clouds
will brighten with the sun of prosperity.
Let every person set to work with a
will to pay small debts and insist upon
such self-denial as will enable him to
pay as goes for all the wants of dally life.
With such a rule In force " good times"
will come again, and what is Important
for every one to understand is, that
they will not come in any other way. It
is needless to look to legislation for the
good that all so much desire, when the
only escape from the evils we suffer is
within our own control. Let every per
son lay this truth to heart and act upon
it and our word for it they will soon find
that the gloom of night that now over
hangs the financial affuirs of the entire
world will soon be brightened by the
dawn of a prosperous day.
The President's meBsago is well re
ceived in England if we judge by the
following extracts :
The Daily JVcu's, commenting on Mr.
Hayes' message, gays: "The message
deals principally with the questions of
the pacification of the country and the
resumption of specie payments and on
both these subjects Mr. Hayes expresses
himself with good senso and good feel
ing." The Times says : " Mr. Hayes has not
disappointed expectation. His message
gives no uncertain sound on the subject
of currency legislation."
The Daily Telegraph says: "Not
withstanding the discouragement with
which Mr. Hayes has been met, the pru
dent and firm position he has assumed in
his message insures him the support of
the wisest and best portion of his coun
trymen." President Hayes' Message.
President Hayes sent his first mes
sage to Congress shortly after noon on
Monday. He congratulates the country
upon its bountiful harvests and makes
an appeal to Congress to unite in an ear
nest attempt to secure a permanent paci
fication of the whole country. The fol
lowing is an abstract of the suggestions
made in the message.
The first subject that receives his at
tention is his southern policy. He jus
tifies his action in removing the troops
from the State House in Columbia and
New Orleans on the ground of right,
necessity and constitutionality. Of the
effect of his Southern policy, the Presi
dent says, that as far as he can now
judge, it has been good ; the Southern
States are quieter and more prosperous
than before ; credit is better ; Industries
are more thriving; especially is there an
absence of those acts af violence which
before were so common. And while he
does not defend his policy, he seems to
take pride in calling attention to what
he considers its success.
The currency question receives consid
erable attention. He speaks of the re
sumption of specie payments as a mat
ter of the greatest and most general Im
portance to the people of the country,
and necessary for the purpose of bring
ing our internal and foreign commerce
Into harmony with that of the rest of
After a most anxious and careful ex
amination, the President declares him
self as more than ever confirmed in the
opinion he expressed in his letter of ac
ceptance and in his inaugural address,
that the policy of resumption should be
pursued by every suitable means, and
that no legislation that would retard or
postpone it ought to be enacted. He be
lieves that any wavering In purpose, or
unsteadiness in methods, instead of re
lieving the country from any of the in
conveniences attendant upon a return
to specie payment would only aggravate
and prolong the distress already caused
by an irredeemable paper currency, and
end in serious disnster and dishonor.
The President refers to the report of
the Secretary of the Treasury and says :
If Congress was favorable to resumption
and ready to assist the Administration
In bringing about the specie payments,
some additional laws would be asked
for ; but as it Is, the President agrees
with the Becretary that resumption can
be effected under the present laws by
January 1, 1379, and also agrees to the
wisdom of the policy of not asking for
further legislation. The Secretary also
holds that the resumption act of 1875
does not require the cancellation and de
struction of the $300,000,000 of United
States notes which remain after the vol
ume of the greenback currency has been
reduced to that point, and that it may
be left in circulation for a while, being
always exchangeable, of course, at the
sub-treasuries for gold coin. He holds
the ground that both silver and gold
ought to be utilized in the currency of
the country; but he does not agree with
those who would undertake to legislate
that 00 or 02 cents worth of silver shall
pass or be receivable in the place of 100
cents worth of gold. The public debt of
the country was contracted in the money
of the world and with the understanding
that it should be paid, principal and in
terest, in money of this kind. He
does not, therefore, favor any legislation
that would force the creditors of the
United States to receive in payment of
what is due them, any silver cuirency
worth less than par in gold.
Although the President is in favor of
making silver a liberal subsidiary coin,
with a legal-tender limit somewhat
greater than at present, he is not In favor
of making it an unlimited legal-tender.
He states his opposition to any propo
sition that Congress shall exercise the
power given to it by the Constitution to
coin money and regulate the value there
of in such a way as to swindle people.
His remarks on this subject will meet
very general approval, as they have the
ring of true metal.
Upon the question of civil service re
form the President reiterates the opin
ions expressed in his inaugural address.
He makes no reference to the controver
sy that has arisen between the Senate
and the Executive over the subject of
appointments, nor is there anything in
the message which evinces a disposition
by the President to quarrel with the
Senate or to interfere witli the widest
exercise by that body of the prerogatives
which belong to it. While that portion
of the message which relates to civil ser
vice reform is unequivocal in its lan
guage, the subject is not given ns much
prominence as mighthavebeen expected.
Of subjects connected with the foreign
relations of tire United States the Mexi
can border question is naturally given
the most attention. The condition of
affairs on the Ilio Grande froVitier, as
shown by official reports received by the
Administration Is briefly described ; and
the considerations which led to the order
to the commanders of United States
troops to cross the river when In full
pursuit of raiders, and punish them on
Mexican soil, are recited.
While the President recognizes the
delicacy of the position assumed by the
Government by the issue of that order,
and is not unmindful of the fact that it
may lead to serious international com
plications, he defends It on the ground
that in no other way could the lives and
property of our citizens be protected. He
disclaims any intention or desire, to pro
voke hostilities with the Mexican Re
public. The affairs of the War, Navy and Post
Office departments are not treated of at
much length in the message. Therecom
mendationB of the heads of thcBe depart
ments are generally approved.
The President does not think the ag
gregate of taxes should be increased, but
thinks that amendments to the laws
should be made. He says : " A tax on
tea and coffee is shown by the experi
ence, not only of our own country, but
of other countries, to be easily collected
without loss by undervaluation or fraud,
and largely borne In the country of pro
duction. A tax of ten cents per pound
on tea and two cents a pound on coffee
would produce a revenue exceeding $12,
000,000 and thus enable Congress to re
peal a multitude of annoying taxes
yielding a revenue not exceeding that
In treating of the subjects which come
under the Jurisdiction of the Interior
Department deserved prominence Is giv
en in the message to the Indian question.
The necessity of keeping good fuith with
the Indians is strongly emphasized.
The first step toward civilizing the In
dians recommended is the . discourage
ment of hunting by allowing to them
only a limited supply of arms and am
munition and persuading them to ex
change their ponies for cattle. This,' It
Is believed, will destroy or subdue their
warlike spirit. As fast as the Indians
give up hunting the President thinks
they should be placed on a smaller num
ber of reservations and taught agricul
ture and cattle raising; in teaching
them the arts of peace, attention should
be paitl to the natural tastes af the In
dians, and those who prefer cattle rais
ing to farming should be allowed to
choose their occupation. For the pro
tection of the Indians (he extension of
the Jurisdiction of the United States
Courts and an Indian police composed
of Indians are recommended.
The compulsory education of Indian
children is also recommended. The
farms supported by the Government,
the President says, should be used for
the instruction of youth in the schools,
and the farmers should visit the farms
managed by the Indians themselves and
give them the advice they need. On the
reservations Indian labor alone is rec
ommended. The investigations into the
conduct of Indian affairs which have
been made by the present Secretary of
the Interior are referred to and the good
results of them mentioned. Legislation
providing for the more certain discovery
and prevention of abuses in the Indian
Service Is called for.
In the paragraphs of the message de
voted to the District of Columbia the
President recommends liberal appropria
tions for proper improvements. He be
lieves Washington should be something
more than a political centre, and he
favors the establishment of a national
university at the capital, endowed with
sufficient funds to enable It to become
the leading college of learning In the
The report of the Secretary of the
Treasury is a strong document. Ills
remarks upon resumption and upon the
proposal to make silver a legal tender
are In perfect accord with the sugges
tions made in the President's message.
His appeal for the Resumption act could
hardly be stronger. He shows conclu
sively that the course of trade, the bul
lion movement, and the increase of
exports, has been constantly progressive
since he first bean to prepare for the
enforcement of the act. He asks for
some legislation relative to the status of
legal-tenders after the day of resumption
and is in favor of the retention of a
considerable amount always in circula
tion as an assistance to the banks. He
believes the present system the best yet
devised, and has no doubt that the banks
can be ready for resumption whenever
the government is. He does not yet re
commend any decrease of bank taxation.
On the silver question the report is full
and explicit. The coinage of the old
silver dollar Is recommended, but only
as a token with limited legal-tender for
account of the United States alone, and
always redeemable in gold. The un
limited issue of subsidiary coinage is
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER.
Washington, D. C, Deo. 0, 1877.
Affairs at the Capital have been in an
unsettled state for tho last week or two,
but now that the regular winter session of
Congress is under way and the usually
tedious fortnight of organizing has not
got to be suffered, we are sort of settling
down and getting used to things. The
fieshot of ten days ago set us all by the
cars ; then the Huron disaster put the city
into a perfect whirl of excitement for sev
eral days ; and the behavior of the Senate
during the last fow days and nights of the
extra session was enough to unsettle a big
ger world than this of the Capital City.
The seating of Butler and Kellogg took
much time and caused much disputing
"among the Elders." Butler is a one
legged Confederate Genet al, six feet tall
aud the possessor of strong, clear blue eyes.
Kellogg looks little as he did when he en
tered the Senate 10 years ago a black
haired and heavily bearded man. Ills four
years of gubernatorial perplexities have
perceptibly aged him, as his silvering hair
and thin face testifies. His sharp visage is
now smoothly shaven.
Au impromptu concert of a very high
order occurred at tlio White House one
evening last week. Miss Emma Tbursby
gave two of her musical performances iu
the city and, while here, visited the Execu
tive Mansion with several members of her
troupe. Mrs. Hayes had invited her and
had invited several ladies and geutiemen to
meet her. The guests were received lu the
Green Parlor, but when Miss Thuisby came
to siug the room Beemed too small so the
company repaired to the great East Room
where the finest of musio was rendered,
much to the delight of those assembled.
Mrs. Hayes is a most delightful hostess.
With no apparent exertion she sees to it
that each one of her guestB, no matter how
many uie present, is comfortable and at bis
ease. No one is neglected where she is.
Callers are received at any time, as they
would be by any lady, and their dress and
treatment is the same. When a person ar
rives, to call on Mrs. Hayes, he or she is
shown Into a cloak room near the entrance
where outer wrappings are laid aside, while,
cards are taken In to the hostess. This is
all the ceremony that is obsorved and this
is simply done in lieu of an Introduction.
On the evening I have mentioned some
Southern people who were at the White
House expressed themselves as delighted to
observe one of tbelr own customs of other
days in this ; the black nurses and other
domestics comfortably ensconced just out
side the "company room" to see, hear and
enjoy. As I have said, Mrs. Hayes spares
no pains to make even the most humble
about her comfortable and happy.
A movement is on foot petitioning Clara
Morris to cc me to Washington and give a
performance for the benefit of the Custer
Monument. The petition is signed by Presi
dent Hayes, many Congressmen and
Our Labor Exchange is still thriving.
Among other helps it has received is one
from the Agricultural Department that
secures it the contract for making paper
bags for seeds. Instruction is being given
without chaige, also, in the art of deco
rating china, in the hope of giving a class
of women means thereby of earning a
The very day President Lincoln was
killed he signed tho Custom House ap
pointment of Kellogg, the newly seated
Senator over whom such a squabble was
indulged in last week. There are but two
membeis of the Lincoln family now living.
Mrs. Lincoln who is with her sister in
Springfield, Illinois, and Robert, who is
practicing law in Chicago. But few know
or care anything of their whereabouts so
soon do people go out of sight and out of
mind. Lincoln, as the Emancipation Pres
ident is immortalized here by at least three
statues ; one on a high pedestal in front of
the City Hall ; one, by Vlnnie Ream, which
stands in the Hall of Statuary at the Cap
tol ; and one, of bronze in Lincoln Square,
that was paid for by contributions of the
colored people alone a magnificent thing.
The two first mentioned are of white mar
ble and life sized.
It is still sunny and bright, but the
winter air is felt. The warm weather left
with Thanksgiving day.
Miscellaneous News Items.
ZW The suit of Jeff. Davis against the
estate of his brother is pending iu the Mis
sissippi Supreme Court.
tW A natioual tournament of firemen,
with prizes worth $10,000, is looked for in
Chicago next Sept.
U3T The New Orleans "Democrat" will
Isbuo a three-cent edition now that the
cent has been introduced in that city.
C37 A cow was extricated from a Green
ville (S. C.) well recently by slowly throw
ing iu earth. Tho animal kept on top of
tho dirt until high enough to step out.
t3?' Ann Dechort has recovered $1,750
from the city of Reading for the death of
her husband, who walked into the canal at
au unprotected place aud was drowned.
t3F"On Tuesday a child iu Allegheny
was scalded by a pan of boiling water, sus
tained injuries which oausod its death. Its
mother was carrying the pan when the
child ran against it, overturning it and re
ceiving the contents over the shoulder.
Two widowers, of Perry county,
Texas, have each a daughter, aud each has
married the other's daughter. The possi
ble snarl in relationships in these families
in the future is appalling in its mag'
tW The Raleigh (N. C.) "News" asserts
that a dashing young hawk swooped down
on the gilt vane on the spire of Christ
churoh, in that city, mistaking it for a gen
uine rooster, and, grasping it in his
talons, essayed to carry off his prize.
A Charleston (S. C.) paper speaks
of a sale of farm lands in that vlcinity,only
two miles from the Northern railroad and
Webdin river, and of excellent soil, 623
acres of which were sold for $205, 800 acres
for (220 and 100 acres for $38, all half
cash and tho rest in one year.
P ottsville, Pa., December 4. At
Lost Creek station, Philadelphia and Read
ing railroad, this afternoon, a coal train ran
off the track and badly wrecked twenty
cars, tore down the telegraph lines, com
pletely demolished the passenger depot and
did considerable damage to the freight
depot. Several persons were injured by
the mishap, but none seriously.
New London, Conn., Deo. 8. William
Bogue, an employee of the Connecticut
Valley railroad, was shot while on his way
home this morning by a neighbor named
Mahoney and died within an hour. Maho-
ney is described as a quarrelsome follow
and was under the influence of liquor at
the time of the murder, for which there
was no provocation.
It was claimed that William IV,
Randies, of Coschooton, Ohio, full off the
cars on a railroad bridge on April 13th,
1870, and was killed. The Union Central
of Cincinnati paid a $3,000 policy, but the
Michigan Mutual refused to settle one for
$5,000, and began a search, which resulted
in the arrest of Randies in Washington,
Kansas, last week.
Whiskey Loving Congressmen.
Persons often wonder whv such
strange speeches are made In Congress.
Perhaps the following will in part ex
Washington, December 4. Mr. Price
fnwftl asbprl lpn vtv i nll'u a voDolntinn
reciting alleged charges that the nlne-
iceiiiii jmiit ruie (iui;u pronioits tne
sale of intoxicating llquorsln thecapltol
llllllfllnfrl Was hnlniv vrlnlatn.l n.l I n
- - - rw " " 0 v.wmvcu, nuu in
structing the officers of the house to en-
iure mat joint ruie.
The speaker said that as he believed
the tnlnf. rnlsa nwra ttt.lll In furna tin ho
endeavored to have the sale of liquor
Duij'ijeu, anu mat me Keeper or tue
house restaurant had been notified that
If it WPm nnr annraA ho nrnnl,! rlnlnU
his contract. He was entirely In accord
iuo renoiuuon, tnougu. me ontcers
of the house were in no wise to blame
for the violence of the rule. The reso
lution was adopted.
Llttell's Living Age For 1878.
The success of this sterling periodical Is
owing to the fact that It enables one, with a
small outlay of time and money, to keen nfiPA
with the best thought and literature of the day.
Hence Its Importance to every American reader.
ine aoiosi living contributors to periodical
literature are represented In its pages, some of
whose names will be found in the prospectus
published In another column.
In the multitude of periodicals of the present
time, quarterlies, monthlies and weeklies,
such a publication has become almost a
necessity to every person or family desiring to
keep well Informed In the best literature of the
For 1878, an extra offer Is made to all new
subscrlbersj and reduced clubbing rates with
other periodicals are also given by which a
subscriber may at remarkably small cost ob
tain the cream of both home and foreign litera
ture. Those selecting their periodicals for the
new year, would do well to examine the pro
spectus. In no other way that we know of can
a subscriber be put In possession of the best
which the current literature of the world
affords, so cheaply or conveniently.
13T In our advertising columns Is noticed
Stotltlart's Musical Library, a serial publica
tion, now under way which from its extraor
dinary cheapness will effect a revolution In the
music publishing Interest. Messrs. Stoddart
A Co., agree to give for the low price of one
dime, a collection of the most popular instru
mental and vocal music, printed on full size
music paper, of the best quality. The same
amount and quality In fact as would cost
$1.50 If published separately. This Is a step
In the right direction, and one which will find
instant and hearty favor with those whom it is
Intended to benefit.
The Most Eminent Living Authors, Such as
Ht. Hon. W. E. Gladstone, Prof. Max Muller,
J'rof. Tymlal, rr. W. B. Carpenter. K. A. Proc
tor, Prof. Huxley, Jas. A. Froude, Edward A.
Freeman, Francis Power Cobbe, 1. Mackenzie
Wallace, The Duke of Argyll. Mrs. Mttlock, Will
iam Black, Jean Ingelow. Miss Thackeray, Mrs.
Ollphant, Mrs. Alexander, Geo. MacDonald,
Matthew Arnold. Turguenlef. Auerback, Kuskln,
Tennyson, Browning, and many others, are rep
resented iu the pages of
Littell's Living Age.
Jan. 1 1ST8 Thb Living Aob enters upon Its
llttltli volume. During the year It will furnish to
Its rentiers the productions of the foremost au
thors, above named and many others, embracing
the choicest Serial and Hhort Stories, by Leading
Foreign Novelists, aud an amount
Unnnpronched by any Other Periodical
In the world, of the most valuable Literary and
Helen title matter of the day, from the pens of tho
Leading Essayists, Scientist, Critics, Discoverers
and Editors, representing every department of
Knowledge and Progress.
'J ii k Living Aob is a weekly magazine giving
Three nntl a Quarter Thousand
doublo-column octavo pages of reading-matter
yearly. It presents In an inexpensive form, con
sidering Its amount of matter, with freshness,
owing to Its weekly Issue, and with a satisfactory
completeness attempted by no other publication,
the best Essays. Reviews, Orlcisms, Tales, Sketch
es of Travel and Discovery, Poetry, Scientific, Bi
ographical. Historical and Political Information,
from the entire body of Foreign Periodical Lit
erature. It Is therefore Invaluable to every American,
reader, as the only fresh and COMPLETE com
pllittum of an indispensable current literature,
Indispensable because It embraces the produc
THE ABLEST LIVISO WRITERS,
in all branches of Literature, Science, Art, and
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writers upon all subjects ready to our hand."
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of entertainment and lustrvctlon." Hon. Robert'
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are here gathered tngether.'-Illlnols State Journal.
'With It alone a reader may fairly keep up wltl
all that Is Important in the literature, history,
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New York. , .
'It Is Indispensable to every one who desires a
thorough comiiendltim of all that is admirable
and noteworthy lu the literary world.' Bostou
'Ought to find a place in every American home.'
New York Times.
I'ubllst ed weekly at J8.00 a year, free of postage. .
CSEXTIU OFfEK FOR 1878.
To all new subscribers forlSTS will be sent gratis
the six numbers of 177, containing the first in
stalments of a new serial, " Erica," translated
from the German of Frau von Ingersleben, the
best work of one of the best and brightest authors
of Germany. A new story Dy the charming Eng
lish authoress. Miss Thackeray, also appears in
the same numbers, from advance sheets, with
other valuable matter.
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