Newspaper Page Text
ocr A Paris paper publishes the following letter
from Pope Pius IX, to the Emperor of Austria—
"lt has been a perpetual custom from the height
of this Holy See, that a word of peace should be
pronounced in the midst of wars which deluge with
blood Christian lands, and in our discourse of April
29th, when we said that our paternal heart held in
horror a declaration of war, we expressly announced
our ardent desire to cuntribute to peace. Let not
then your majcstly be displeased that we address
your piety and religion, exhorting you with pater
nal love to withdraw yours arms from a war, which,
without being able to reconquer for the Empire, the
minds of the Lombards and Venitians, draws after
it the sad succession of calamities which accompa
ny all wars, and which, without doubt, your majes
ty abhors and detests. Let not the generous Ger
man nation be displeased that we invite it to lay
down hatred, and ownert into useful relations of
amicable neighborhood, an authority which will
be neither noble nor happy since it reposes only on
the sword. We have, therefore, confidence that a
nation honorably proud of hs own nationality, will
not 1 1'tach its honor to sanguinary attempts against
LEAP Yxaa.—Blushingly and gratefully, wo ao i tIK; Italian nation. She will rather apply herself
knowledge the compliment of our friend (consider- 1 to acknowledging nobly, Italy for a sister, as both
ing both our circumstances we do not feel free bo a,re our daughters sovereignly dear to our heart,
use a stronger expression,) our friend Mrs. Jape G. each holding herself satisfied with living within
Swisshelm. Her neat, spirited, and all.fer-right her natural boundaries, with an honorable conduct
VISIT= dropped in upon us the other day, and we and with the blessing of God. We pray, therefore,
have entered her upon our, list of exel:anies with the author of all good, ond from whence, comcth
more than ordinary pleasure. The tal.eni a, courage, a ll light, to inspire your majesty with holy counsels,
and sentiments of Mr.. S. are wcVl li:town ; and it while from the bottom of our heart we give to your
is only necessary to state that tkie Visitor costs but majesty, to her majesty, the Empress, and to the
$2 per annum. Address J. W. T 4'rrett, Pittsburgh, Imperial family, the apostolic benediction.
Pa. PIUS IX, POPE."
THE SPY Sz REGISTER.
SATURDAY MORNING, July 29,1848
V. B. PArzern is duly authorized to receive subscript
tions and advertisements for this paper, 111 the ewes of
Philadelphia, New York, Baluinore, and Boston. and
E. W. Carta, Philadelphia.
Jacoa M. IVrsziLscrrea, Lancaster city.
tiVirraex A. PlizacE, Travelling Agent.
`Gs:ascot Peerr, No. 15t, Nielsen street, New York.
83' Our Wrightsville subscribers will, after ibis
week, have their papers left at the Toll House, at
the West end of the Bridge. We have made this
change st the request of some of our subscribers,
and If it should not be convenient for all to receive
their papers in this way and they would rather pay
postage, and get them at the P. 0., they will please
let us know.
If our friends in Wrightsville will secure us a few
more subscribers, so 39 to make it an object, we will
send our carrier over every Saturday morning and
leave the Spy at each subscriber's house.
CUThe Harrisburg Keystone says: "The coun
try in the neighbortmod, of the Juniata was flooded
by a heavy rely. on Friday night, July 21. Much
damage halt been done to the Juniata division be
tween the Millrnatown dam and Duncan's Island,
and to the North Branch division, between the
Island and Liverpool. The aqueduct below Liver.
pnol was, Swept away, and it is reported that cul.
verbs 'nave been washed out and breaches made in
the embankments of both divisions, between the
points mentioned. We have not heard the full ex.
tent of the injuries, but fear several days will elapse
before navigation can be resumed.
GAILIJAM'S MAGAZINE.—We have received the
August number of this splendid magazine. The
embellishments are of the highest order. "The
Departure" is exquisite, and the "Portrait of Mrs.
Brooks," is said to be an excellent likeness. " The
Sisters," is also a splendid engraving; Murk, &c.
The usual amount of good original literary matter
by some of our best authors. 93 per annum, Geo.
R. Graham & Co., 98, Chestnut Street, Phila.
HOLDEN'S DOLLAR MAGAZINE for August is re
ceived. It is a nob number, both in illustrations
and sound literary matter. It contains 18 or 20
Engravings, and GO pages of Tales,Poems, Essays,
Sketches, Reviews, &c. Holden's is the cheapest
magazine extant. Tim terms are
One copy one year,
Five copies one year,
Twenty copies one year,
Twenty-four copies one year,
Address Charles W. Holden, 109, Nassau Street,
TM: COLUMBIAN MAGAZINE.—TiIe August num
ber of this chaste and beautiful Magazine is receiv
ed. The embellishments arc the "Falls of Niaga
ra" and "Castles of Europe and Asia." Original
papers by Mrs. IS. C. B. Thompson, Mrs. M.N.
McDonald, Mrs. Ann S. Stephens, Mrs. E. B.
White, Mrs. It. B. Harvey, Miss Mary B. Chase,
F. E. F., A. J. Prime, M. 8., &c., &c. For terms
&c., see prospectus in another column of this paper.
OLD JAMESTOWN.-It is said by a writer in the
Richmond Whig, that the ancient town of James.
town, is now almost entirely submerged by the
washings of James river. He says at the rate the
water for several years Ins been washing, the
whole place will in a few years be overflowed by the
~11, •t 0 44,•••••...--....
trTho Richmond Whig notices the arrival there
from the mince of W. M. Moody & Co , Bucking
ham county, of nine bare of gold, the whole weigh.
ing seventeen flundred pennyweights, and valued
at $1,666. This gold is on its way to the mint.
FATAL ACCIDEM—On Saturday last, says the
Lancasterian, a son of Mr. John Buumiller, of
Lancastor city, aged about 10 years, was so badly
injured by a car running over his legs, that he died
from his injuries on Sunday morning.
rrTno steamer Vermaals" sailed from Pitts•
burg on the 21st inst., for South America. This
vessel was built at Pittsburgh for a company in
New /corn, assign running her on the Orono
On the 4th inst., says the St. Louis Union, the
corner stone of the Railroad Depot at Independence,
in this State, was !aid with Masonic ceremonies.—
This is the first work of the kind ecmmenced in
0J The Senate of the United Staten, after a very
exciting debate, has passed the Territorial bill by a
vote of 33 to 22, or two.tbirda of the number vot.
'John S. Ingram, formerly editor of the Potts•
cille•Emporium and a member of the Pennsylva
nia Volunteers, died in Mexico, as his comrades
were on their route home.
TT Tne Liberty (Mo.) Tribune sayp, " the hemp,
wheat, and corn crops in CI. ) , Ray, and Platte
comities are flattering beyond all precedent, and
promise an abundant yield.
Paracmeo in the Market House to-morrow
morning at 10 o'clock by the Rev. Wm. Barns, as
:Asa at 6 P. M., near Pesaro Mill.
Erßoys and girls, remember Dr. Budd's singing
school this afternoon at 2 o'clock, in the Town 11311.
El7The article in relation to the " Man with
Gold Speck iSco.," is again crrdeti out.
LT The Boston Advertiser publishes a letter
from an American gentleman in Paris, giving a de
tailed account of the recent insurrection. The fol
lowing extract bears date June 27th t
Having a member of the National Guard to drive
our carriage we have to-day gone through every
place and street where the contest has taken place.
The number of barricades was more than 300. I
am astonished that the insurgents have been mas
tered—not less than 75,000 of these people defend
ed the barricades with arms. I will make no at
tempt to describe the scene we have witnessed to
day. Think of four days' fighting in the streets of
a city, and two days of cannonading and firing of
shells, and you may imagine what we have seen to
day. I must close—what has occurred will greatly
strengthen the Republican cause. I think it will
indefinitely, but certainly put fur off the pretensions
of Henry V., Comte de Paris, and Louis Napoleon.
pC7The New Orleans Delta of the 14th instant,
gives the following account of the terrific land-slide
at that place : "On Tuesday last, it. appears that
a. considerable portion of tho batture, opposite to
the Convent, gave way, carrying with it a small
building, and a quantity of wood which was piled
en the bank. The crevasse made by the land-slide
attracted the curiosity of large numbers of the peo
ple living in the vicinity, and others passing on the
road, and last night the crowd was unusually large,
whorl the batture again gave way, precipitating all
into the river. Among the names of those known
to be drowned, are—Madame Victorine Trump .
and her child, aged about 9 months ; Felix Trump
and his two sisters, aged about 10 and 12 years,
respectively ; and Miss Charlotte Desire, aged
about 9.2 years. It is feared that Mr. Francois
Andry is among the number of those lost. He was
passing tha crevasse on horseback, a short time be
fore the disaster, and dismounted to examine it.—
His horse was seen going down in the general crash ,
and nothing was heard of himself up to a late hour
last night. Several persons who were precipitated
into the river saved themselves by swimming, but
it is believed there were many others lost, whose
names will probably never be ascertained.
THE MARRIED WOMAN ' S PRIVATE MEDICAL
COMPANION," is the title of a work published in N.
York, by Dr. A. M. Mouriceau, Professor of Dis
eases of Women. It is a publication of a rather
delicate naturr, but is nevertheless one of great
importance to the welfare of women, and cannot
fail to be productive of good effects, if placed in
the right hands. See advertisement headed " Most
Extraordinary Work," in another column. For
solo by Geo. W. Schreyer, agent, Spy Office.—
Price 50 cts. in paper cover, and 75 eta. bound in
THE PHRENOLoGrCAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL ALMA
ntc ran 1849.—W0 here received from the pub.
fishers, Messrs. Fowlers & Wells, Clinton Hall, 131
Nassau Street, New York, a copy of this valuable
little annual. The contents for 1849 are exceed
ing interesting, and is decidedly the richest annual
for GI cts. we have ever seen.
Also the ' Tobacco & Health Almanac for Ma,'
from the same publishers, which we would recom
mend as a cheap annual. Price 61 cts.
INDIAN Fool' RACE.—The Indiana, at Buffalo, on
the afternoon of July 4th, treated themselves to a
foot race, which is described as one of the best ex
hibitions of fleetness, strength, and endurance on
record. Eleven mnas were run in one hour, five
minutes and seven second., After the race one or
two of the Indians exhibited signs of fatigue ; but
the others were as light of foot as usual, and two
of them would have gone five miles further had
any inducement been offered.
IrrThe newly introduced substance, Gaeta Per
cha, has been successfully employed in the insula
tion or Telegraph wires. The new line between
Ycw York and Philadelphia, which crosses the
Hudson river by means of insulated wire laid on
the bottom, and in connection with which we be
lieve House's Telegraph is used, is said to work
admirably. The last news from England was sent
to Philadelphia by this line.
Wiwi. melt IVANTEM—During the insurrection
in Paris a proclamation was issued by the National
Lissembly, from which the following is quoted:
" Although there are many unfortunate men
anongst the insurgents who aro led astray, the
crinc of those who !reduce them and the object they
prolose are at present exposed—They demand not
the Zepublic—it is proclaimed ; universal suffrage
—it tae been fully admitted and practised. Whst
then lo they wish ? It is now known : they now
soish;or anarehy,fire. end
SEVEN DAYS LATER
The steamship Hibernia arrived at New York
on the evening of the 21st, bringing intelligence to
the Bth of July.
The revolution of France has assumed a more
The late insurrection having been completely
quelled, tranquility is apparently restored.
Gen. Cavaignac, as the almost irresponsible Dic
tator of France, seemed to be zealously occupied
consolidating the Guvernment fundr, rapidly im
proving, and for the first time since the overthrow
of the monarchy, hope is raised that France will
secure for herself after all her bloodsheds and sac.
rifices, an effective, just and moderate executive.
Paris has subsided into a state of comparative
The first important step taken by Gen. Cavaig.
nec W6B to secure the Presidency of the National
Assembly for Marie, the Member of the late Ex.
ecutive Government, and he %vas appointed by a
large majority over M. Derelie. Marie was the re.
presentative of the moderate opinions, and firm ad.
vocute of order in the Government.
It is reported that the army of the Alps will be
broken up, and the chief body of troops transferred
to Paris. All outward indications of revolut ion of
February arc disappearing.
No light has yet been thrown upon the whcrea
bouts of the principal leaders. Cassideire is pub•
licly alleged to be the chief conspirator, and to him
is ascribed the credit of tiaving mainly concocted
The names of Lamartine and Ledru Rollin are
freely mentioned as having promoted the move
ment, and they are both said to bc jealously watch
ed, so that any attempt to escape would lead to
The new Constitution is in progress of discussion
in the Bureaux. It is very doubtful whether it
will provide for one or two Chainders. A divi.
sion of opinion prevails on the subject, and a. very
strong minority, if not actual majority, will vote
for two Chambers.
The Paris journals of Wednesday represent that
the city was tolerable free frgrn danger.
Some of the insurgents still borer about in the
suburbs, and cut off the sentinels when they arc
About 100,000 soldiers are HOW really in the
capital, and as many more volunteers from the
An active division of the army of Pie Alps has
The insurgents who were stationed in the Jurdin
des Plantes have, it is said killed and eaten during
the three days, the rare birds, and destroyed the
phessantry ; even the small exotic birds have
shared the same late.
According to the accounts from Italy, a pitched
battle between the Piedmontese and Austrians has
become imminent, if not inevitable, as Charles
Albert was paralysed by the Austrian occupation
M. de Lamartine has addressed a letter to the
Constitutionnel, giving an indignant denial to all
the insinuations dealt out against him of complici•
ty with the insurgents.
The whole of Europe still continues in a state of
great excitement. In spite of the reiterated state
ments that Denmark and Germany had arrived at
some pacilic adjustment respecting the duchies, up
to the last accounts no appearances of a settlement
of the dispute were visible, but considerable forces
were being marched to the beat of war.
The most important event which has taken
place in the German Parliament at Frankfort, has
been the election of Archduke John as Lieutenant
General of the Germanic Empire. The Archduke
is a liberal in politics, and a tho..ughly practical
man. He is the present representative of the Ein
peror at Vienna, and in that capacity is expected
to open the Austrian Diet. This is the first practi
cal step towards German unity.
The (4.rizion and Sclavonian quarrel seems to
increase in intensity. 'rho Germans and the Illy-
Hans have also had a sanguinary engagement at
At Bucharest all business is suspended on ac
count of the cholera. Wo regret to announce that
this fatal scourge has now appeared in St. Peters
burgh, under circumstances calculated to inspire
very considersble alarm.
In Italy the military operations ofCharles Albert
arc suspended from some unexplained cause. In
the meantime the Austrians have repossessed
themselves of almost the whole of the Venetian
provinces, and they are threatening Venice itself.
M. dc Chateaubriand died on Thursday.
The provinces arc represented to be in a very ex
The prevailing impression is that the late revolt
has inflicted a death blow on communism, social
ism, and ultra-republicanism.
Prague still continues in a state of siege. The
delivering up of arms goes on bnt slowly. The Di
et of Bohemia has been adjourned till after the
opening of the Diet of Vienna. The mischief
caused by the bombardment is less than was at
The Prince de Joinville on hearing the decree
banishing him from France, was taken suddenly ill
with inflammation of the liver.
The latest continental and London news, by tel.
graph and letters, from Palermo, mention that Gen.
Busac, with 2000 Neapolitan troops, had been de
feated by the Calabrians near Cosenza. Accounts
from Bremen arc favorable.
News respecting the armistice betweenGerionny
and Denmark is confirmed.
A very serious riot took place in Edinburgh on
the 3d, in consequence of resistance being made to
the annuity tax.
In Ireland, the Roman Catholic Clergy of the
Arch. Diocese of Tuam resolved to adhere to the
Conciliator) Hall portion of the Repeaters, and are
opposad to the formation of the League.
FOUR DAYS LATE.
The United States steamer arrived at N. York
on tho 2Sth. The following are the most impor
tant items of news she brings:
France.—The city of Perie has become perfectly
tranquil. The number of prisoners confined on the
12th amounted to 12,000.
Gen. Duvivier, who was boldly conspicuous at
the barricades among the combatants, has died, thus
making the sixth Genera! officer slain.
Gen. Bedeau, a modern Republican in principle, I
has been appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The Funds have improved, and the Paris Bourse
bears every indication of returning confidence.
England.—Lord Brougham has called the at
tention of the English Government to the arlaming
increase of clubs and other associations in Ireland.
He promised that the country would support any
measure that might be adopted to suppress them.
Ireland.—Mr. Duffy, a contributor to the columns
of the "Irish Felon," has been arrested and com
mitted for trial. Mr. Martin, the proprietor of the
same paper, has also been arrested and committed
The French Assembly were still engaged in dis
cussing their projected constitution.
M.Cabet, the Communist leader, has applied to
the government for means to transport himself and
followers to Texas, in the United States, with the
intention of forming a settlement there.
Paris is still in a state of siege.
In Germany there had occurred n fierce strug
gle, attended with much bloodshed, between the
Itnperia 1 party, favoring the election of the Arch.
duke John, and the Republicans.
Hostilities in Italy remain static quo, both armies
holding the same position in inaction.
In Madrid the insurgents were only kept down
by force of arms.
The Emperor of Russia had concentrated a force
of 60,000 men upon the Danube.
By the arrival at Boston on Thursday morning
of the steamer Europa, we have the following addi
tion items of news
France.—Another plot of an insurrection has
been discovered, and the government have a watch
ful eye over affairs in general.
Ireland.—The crisis is now fast approaching,
and each party is now girding itself for the con
Spain.—The news from Spain is that the insur.
rcction is still in progress, and that the government
are filled with alarm.
Russia.—The cholera continues to rage with
great intensity. It is frightfully on the increase in
Moscow and St. Petersburg.
The news is confirmed that the Russian troops
had marched into Moddoria. The people have de
clared fur a republic. It is reported that Wallachia
is in insurrection and the Prince executed.
Austria.—The ministry have resigned
Switzerland.—Thc Piedmontese ministry have
resigned on the question whether the war shall he
carried on or a temporising policy be adopted. 'rhe
ministry were in favor of the latter.
Portugal.—Portugal is tranquil. Mehemit Ali
is insane. There have been serious disturbances
in Frankfort; several lives lost.
A:lg.—The war in Italy is carried on with
Germany.—Germany was still unsettled. The
election of the Arch-Duke John is causing the
The news from Berlin is that the Communists
are endeavoring to incite an insurrection similar to
that of Paris.
THE VOLUM EERS.
GR EAT EXCITEMENT AT PITTSBURGH
A must °Knifing , scene was witnessed at Pitts
burgh on Saturday last, which is described in
glowing language by the Pittsburgh Post of the
17th. We make quotations front that paper, omit
ting a few incidents of minor importance—such as
the• using up" of several barrels of apples by the
spectators on the wharf, and several unnecessary
frights experienced by the women and children
Early on Saturday morning, (says the Post,)
citizens and strangers, wale and female, resorted to
the wharf to watch the first appearance of the
steamers having on board the first Pennsylvania
Regiment. In the scorching run did thousands
of people stand fur long hours, in anxious expects.
tion that in a little while the troops would appear.
The uncertainty that prevailed as to the exact
time of their arrival seemed to render this early
precaution necessary on the part or 'h.'. "Am
were bent on witnessing or participating in the re-
At about 4 o'clock the cannon roared and the
bells rang in good earnest. l'hrough every street
there was a tremenduous rush toward the river.
The decks of ull the boats were soon crowded ; the
windows and roofs of the warehouses in Water
street were filled ; and on the wharf were solid
acres of humanity. The anxiety depicted in ev
ery countenance was intense. It now being cer
tain that the volunteers %%ere coming, not one per
son left, particularly those who had obtained favor
The marshals found much difficully in clearing
a space on the wharf for the landing of the troops.
While laboring to efllct tl is purpose, a horse rear-
cd and pitched into the people; one man was
kicked sprawling into the river, and others were
thrown down, and several hurt. SC% erely. At length,
by aid of the Fireman, and the ropes which they
procured, "a vacuum was created."
There were serious alarms raised several times
that the decks of the basis, which were crowded
with spectators, were about to give way. On one
boat we noticed a tremcnduous exeitemcut—wo-
men and children yelled and would have rushed
forward if they could. The boat had taken a sud-
den lurch, and all were convinced that something
desperate had happened. From another boat two
boys were crowded overboard, but were picked up
unhurt, but frightened
After a time—a long time, it seemed to us—the
Schuylkill, Brooklyn, and Pennsylvania appcated
We could not see them coming in, but heard the
..trernenduous cheering," which evinced the ep-
proach of the troops. Such yells of delight as
were sent up, as the boats came along the shore,
we never hoard. They were moored quickly. Col.
Wynkoop appeared on the deck, and was greeted able him to do. By the violence of the wind,
eheers; but when Col. Black was discovered, ; which was blowing a gale at the time, as we came
the excitement grew intense; the shouts of his old to the centre, the slight fabric swayed to and fro,
companions and friends were deafsale g Th e with such an oscillating, seesawing swing that it
companies were organized and marched ashore. : was almost as difficult to steady one's walk as if a
The scenes that occurred during the march up the rolling deck was beneath him. I must admit that
wharf arc indescribable. The volunteers and offi• it required a deal of inward chiding to quell the
cers were embraced by men, and kissed by the we. , nerves from getting the mastery; but whether a
men and children. As soon as preparations could blanch was perceptible will never be divulged, as
be made, Judge Wilkins rose from his carriage my friend—the only witness worth appealing to—
and made an appropriate address to the soldiers, , had as much on his hands as ha could attend to,
which was replied to in equal good taste by Col. without carping at the frailties of others. Our only
Wynkoop and Lieut. Col. Black. ; apprehensions were that the completion of the
A procession was formed under the lead of the bridge was too recent to have had its capacity of
Marshals, which moved through the principal safety fully tented, or that the unsteady motion (I
streets. The crowds in the streets may be im.
'Tined. The enthusiasm that iiervadcd every
group cannot be described. Not a window in the
streets but was filled with ladies, who waved hand
kerchiefs as the procession passed. At many
points flags and streamers were waving.
In the evening, many of the houses of the city
were brilliantly illuminated. The public houses,
printing offices, some warehouses and private dwell
ings, were in a glare. The streets were well
crowded until a late hour—every person seemed to
Tito Pittsburgh Journal supplies thn follow
ing pragraplis in relation to the returned vol
As the volunteers were marching up the wharf,
after disembarkation, a young gallant looking soh.
dier, happened to catch the sight of a young woman
at the same moment that she saw him. She was
quite pretty, very neatly dressed, and had a very
bright little baby-in her arms. The young woman
uttered a short joyful cry as she saw the soldier.
Away went the musket, and darling from his
place in the ranks, the brave follow caught his wife
and child in his arms. To us, this was one of
the most touching occurrences of the day, so fruit
ful in touching scenes.
A beautiful spaniel dog was taken from thin city
by the Duquesne Greys, when they started for Mex
ico. The faithful animal accompanied them in all
their sieges, battles, and marches, and is now home
with them—n favorite among all, officers and men.
Many good jokes ore told of this dog: but at all
times, the soldiers appear to have shared their own
fare with him, giving him food and water, in his
due proportion, even when they were most badly
MT themselves for those requisites. The dog was
wounded by a shot from the enemy at Puebla.
The Duquesne Grays have brought back with
them the bodies of those of their comrades killed in
the streets at Puebla. , during the siege of that city.
Preparations willl be made for their interment du
ring the present week. The bodies of two of the
men bad been already brought home—one it was
not possible to bring, his body having been soshock
;ugly mangled. The remaining ten bodies have
been brought up.
From the Baltimore Cliprer.
TEE SUSPENSION FOOT BRIDGE.
Ninon., July 5, 1848.
II ibtorians, tourists, and sketchers, have so fully
portrayed the prominent features of Niagara Fulls,
and so ransacked each nook and crany hole in and
about this stupendous work of nature's doings, for
materials to enrich their saleable wares, that little
is now left to delineate. Yet the first wish of my
heart on coining in full view of the cataract, was
that I had never seen, read or heard aught upon
the subject prior to the visit.
But the heading to this communication, the Sus.
pension foot bridge, which was opened for patios.
triana to day, is a Eubiect of too recent a marvel to
be any other than common property, alike belong.
ing to the proudest in historical lore, the meekest
of visitants, even to your humble correspondent,
who. in company with a merchant from Illinois.
was among the first to pass over the frail structure,
The following statistics were gained from those
in attendance, and by observation : The temporary
footway crossing the Niagara ut the rapids, two
miles below toe Falls, was built for the purpose of
facilitating the work of constructing the perms.
'lent railway bridge, at the same crossing, now in
progress. It is 800 feet in length, 230 in height,
and about 3 feet in width. Five cables of ropes,
27 strans eaelp(of No. 10 wire, the size of sugar
loaf twine, :nuking the rope about an inch in
aineter,) are supported from their fastenings in the
solid rock some 75 feet in the rear, upon the stout
frame towers 30 feet in height, standing close upon
each bank of the river. Throughout the extent of
these cables, which spread the width of the foot
way, are wooden crossbars, two inches square, at
intervals of four feet; over each end of which pass.
es a loop of wire—same size as above—descending
to the level, where the loop holds a corresponding
crossbar. These fattier transverse bars form the
ground-work for the plunks to rest upon. The
planks, running lengthwise and lapping joints, arc
held in place by the upright wires outside. The
railing, composed of an inch strip ripped from a
board, is passed between the double descending
wires with no perceptible fastenings except a slight
lashing where the ends lap. Similar strips run
midway from floor to railing, a small cord streach.
ed diagonally up and down, and crossed so us to
forma rude diamond net-work, fills op the spaeo
of the whole.
At a short distance this airy structure looks
inure like an effort at gossamer ingenuityor a
streacli of fancy cut-paper fly netting, than all else
the imagination can depict. The extreme light
ness of its make and spun•out length take from it
the solidity requisite to inspire confidenea, or to
keep it in steadiness during a high current of wind.
At a glance one can conceive the frail appearance
of "the thing," as my companion expressed himself
on apppoa ehing to pay his quarter tolluge. How-
ever frail in appearance, at the first step upon the
planks, one's timidity is startled at a sense of yield.
ing from the pressure he mikes, or the want of
something like foundation beneath hie trend. As
he proceeds the undulating motion or giving away
ns it were, increases more and more, which is
ducedly apt to increase his first alarm, especially if
he casts a look downward at the turmoil of rush
ing torrents in readiness to receive him in case
anything should give away. hit the greatest fear
is at this stage, that his inclination leads him to
make a Judy of himself by retracing his steps in
as hot haste as his wavy, gauggy foothold will en.
cannot believe that the festivities of the day had
any agency in our zigzag walk) might surge us
againeitihe ricketty hand-rail, which was insuffi
cient to,Support any great degree of strain. Here
we meta workman with his saw and hatchet
wedging'up places where the wires had swagged
below the level.—As we passed him, my compan
ion declared the repeated blows he gave the wedges
were Useless, or licks pat in for our especial
Stopping a short period to contemplate the scene
—at no point is there to be had a better view:of,thd
cataract mAtream, or the boiling, whirling, and
plunging rapids immediately below—we tben pass
ed on with renewed confidence in a measured,
kcep•step tread, which we found an improvement
upon the hitherto unequal step we had kept up.
On gaining the opposite shore, our curiosity was
so far satisfied, that we chose to follow the Cana
dian side up to the ferry and there re-cross. C.
DESCRIPTION OF LIBERIA:
We tithe the following description of the Repub
lic of Liberia, its extent, population, settlements,
products, &c., from a pamphlet just issued in Phil.
adelphia. A very general irterest is now felt In the
success of this Colony,ond the visit of its President
to our country has still more excited public curios
ity. It will be seen that the soil, naturally fertile,
produces in abundance a large variety of tropical
plants and fruits, and that products to a large
amount have been exported within two years. Ed.
ucation is not neglected, and the report of the re
ligious aspect of the country is very flattering:
LlBERlA.—Extcnt.—Liberia extends from Digby
at :he mouth of Poor River, on the North-west to
Cavally River, on the South•eaat, between 4 deg.
20 min. and 6 deg. 40 min. North latitude, and 7
dcg. 30 min. and 11 deg. West longitude, from
Greenwich. The length of coast between Digby
and Cave Ily River is about three hundred miles.
The territory of Liberia extends from twenty to
thirty miles inland. The right of possession and
jurisdiction over all this line, (with the exception of
Young Sisters.) has been purchased by the Ameri
can and Maryland Colonization Societies, and far
ther purchases have been since made.
Population.—The inhabitants of Liberia, emi
grants from the U. S. and their children, number
three thousand five hundred; and seven hundred
occupy the Maryland Colony at Capo Palmas. To
these may be added about five hundred natives,
vilized and admitted to the privileges of the polls
and rights of citizenship in general. The natives
residing on land owned by the Colony, and directly
amenable to its laws, are estimated from 10,000 to
15,000. The population of the allied tribes in the
interior, who are bound by treaty to abstain from
the slave trade and other barbarous practices is not
accurately known, but may be estimated at 150,-
Towns and Settlements.*--Monrovia on the
south side of Cape Meer/redo, near the north-west
ern boundary of Liberia, is the capital and chief
place of trade. Population 1,000- - --The other
ports, not counting those iu the Maryland Colony,
are Marshall on the Junk River, Edina, Bexley on
the St. John's River, Passe Cove, and Greenville
on the Shine River- - -The more inland towns and
their adjoining settlements are Caldwell, New
Georgia end Millsburg.
Productions of the Soil. —Coffee, sugar cane,
rice, cotton, indigo, Indian corn, potatoes, yams,
cassadas, 'manes, arrow-root and nuts may be pro
duced in any quantity; fruits are various and abun
dant. These are all grown in Liberia.
Exyorta.—The chief exports are camwood, palm
oil, and ivory, to the amount of 5123,690 in two
years,ending September, 1842, according to the of
ficial returns. These arc brought front the interi-
Imports.—The imports for two years, as above,
amounted to $157,830.
Religious .Aspect.—Churches, 23 ; communi
cants, 1,500 ; of whom 500 are natives and recap•
Education.--Scbouls, 16; scholars, 500 ; of
whom 200 are native Africans. The Sunday
schools embrace a far larger number.
The stausnes of the Maryland Colony at cape Palmas
arc not given in this statement.
Desertion of the Government troeps,The N.
Orleans Picayune contains some further news
from Mexico, in relation to the disorders of that
Paredes, who is growing more formidable every
day, has seized the mint at Guanajuato, from which
he has drawn $600,000 for the expenses of the
troops under his command, and has issued a pro.
nunciamento declaring the present government
faithless to the country in making peace with the
United States. He proposes a plan for the forma
lion of a new government, with power to raise men
and arms, to overturn the present rulers, and to re
new the war.
The utmost disorder prevails throughout the
whole country. The advance guard of Paredes,
commanded by Jarauta, has entered Quoretaro,
where they have added to their supply of arms
and money, and a alight skirmish had alreany
taken place. The troops sent by the government,
under the command of Gens. Minon, Bustrtmente,
and Pedro Cortizar, sgainst tho pronunciados, arc
deserting as fast as they come in presence of the
Bad accounts have been received from the Legion
of St. Patrick, which is composed of deserters
from the American army. A letter says : "The
conducta of specie from Queretaro for the capital
has at last reached its destination in safety, to the
infinite gratification of the foreign commercial
houses to which the money was consigned. It was
escorted by the St. Patrick Legion, who protected
it very faithfully till they reached Tula, about 15
leagues from Mexico, when they took it into their
heads to lay hands upon it, upon some pretext of
unrequited service Word reached Mexico of the
proceeding, and troops were at once despatched to
prevent the consummation of the scheme. Pre
eisely how it was thwarted we are not told—not
by force we feel assured—but the money did at
last reach Mexico to the infinite relief of the Pre
sident, who is said to have been in the utmost dis
tress while the safety of the money was doubtful.