Newspaper Page Text
tar Vault Cable.
DRAMATIS PERSONS. By Robert Browning.
Pp. 262. 1864. Boston: Tick . nor Fields.
Pittsburgh ; Davis, Clarke j• Co.
Some eighteen poems, so called, of various
.""length, constitute this .•volume, making, the
fth in' the • AeFies .of Browning's writings;
all 'published in uniform size and 12,1 OS t
tasteful' style 'Messrs. Tickttor Fields,
•Who have- -graced the shelves of Ameri
can. libraries with so many specimenzoof their
book-making skill. But As for any intrinsio
value in such books as the present, our only
Wonder is that a sufficient number otreaders
call be.found to remunerate the publisher, not.
to say, that author also, for the infliction of such
,efflislons as, Mr. Browning's upon a long-suffer=
ing . and muck-indulgent public. We have looked,
"fa vain over a considerable Portion of this 'hot*.
for some evidences Of 'gentiine poetic fireiOnte
thing..to,rolieve , the weary waste of- affectations
thatActiArcely rive to Qui ,dignity of comon-'
Place. Poseibly we maybe.deficient "poetic
taste, but wO not envy the 'min who Con find
Aihjoyrneritin. Broining'ii didarrfiage.e..
cf.,,,IFF-CLAMBERS loss HONE
zti VIE iIIitALAIV.. Sequel to_" Tate Plant
CdplelialArayile Reiff; Autherof
at Alerts: 804. , -1864.', Bostouift , Ticknort,
.Fields. Pittsburgh : Davis, Clarke 6-.2,C0 i , •
1.111.4 -1 14.4 ‘94„of,aNalithvT,ho iias,xe
40ft.bizateir str4olsobitiiiiittiiptionuorioad 44,
he hailed .Apliglat by„ those . ,,,who leve
Weed - Ai adventures of Bwias Family
a'od ita'niiindfOtia kindred 'rdmairdis.
JIA little .library' iftdeed ztiightr now be made Iv,
-9944P,ctietl. exclusively ; otlooks of the Robinson
,grusee stamp. The, scene of the, Cliff-Pkitubers
eii secluded' valley of the Himalayas, into
.ithi6lithiett Meng adirentdreis. keve 'Wancierta;
and their egress from which limprevented by, it
zawniug,pbaem that has opegied in a glacier o:Ker
Ithic,h,they,had„passed. „.qtipt. Reid•cottive
great - deal of valuableinformation, whilst
t Yiilly keepirtg up 'the inlerek of the atoll With
which he,-klitervidaves it. how the captives
81 1 51,441/65 . 4031 , j0, j , heir , singulttrlpriscii, .their
various schemes for effecting theli escape, and
hdwtheiedeliveraneeWeelaalast obtained, can
bo.,kkestuasainted from. the be..ok: itself, to whioh
zemqesauieud our yoßthful, Feeders.
A' RIMIER 011 VISE ON THE COAST' OF
I ^'NEIiragNGLAND. 'By. , •Robert Carter. , Pp.
.1 , 2614 1864., Bostoa:,Crosby t Pitts
An entertaining and instructive,jeurna t l t:tf*
fishing voyage, made in 1858, during the Sum
mettsgWation! oWat. Waehingt mirreepondent bf
the N. whose ,columos, inthe form
of letters, this' narrative originally appearell.
to'Natural History in a depart:
atentrthablias.not•been generally cultivated, this
tAftoltt 4.VP.alitabiti for .ita sketches of the fishes ;of
our Northern Seas,,theirhebits and resorts, and
the methods of taking theta. The volume is by
fie — diettlia a' dry' scletitifie - treatise; but abounds.
1M - anteasing. - Insittenti ;lively description, and
illetfittkag.csentinuutt,- Though some years have.
sSlafea since the , t excmrslpn was made, the,
soettes and suEjects introduced ltaie "not lbsC
interest;'and make iIP -- a voliime of pleasant.
lentdittg-for hOine tourists; who'-must be content
to do their bight-seeing through others' eyes.-
c - cif "MEM OIR 0T IE ItISTIAIsi LABORS,
"'PABTORAt 3 AND'PHIILANTHROIIC, OF
THOMAS CHALMENS,n- D.D, LLD; By
Fireirif (Wand; D , . 1 11 t Ep..21.8.
ton ; chia and Lincoln. Igew-York Sheldon
-. ift , Pittsburgh : Davis, Clarke Co. ."
i' , l3ereral years - ago-the Rev; Dr. Hanna
lltkertiiret , of the: Life ~and Writings- of
Dr . ... Chalmers," in four volumes ,' ' This work is
iemarkably will , writ:ten, and presents as corn
eae a Vie* of the diameter labors of PS
..etttfnent scibjeat as ean;be dean-ed. "But to 'do
thisi,Dr.r.Hanna was obliged to give in detail a
large amount of matter, relating phrticularly,to
Scotland anti of no special interest in this Coun
try. owing to this the 'number of readers has
been limited; and there was need -.of something
morel acceptable k to .American readers. This
want has been supplied by De. Wayland in the
werk-before us, which presents phases in . the
life at Dr.,.ohelmers mostly lost sight of by the.
public mind, with respect to:him.- is gene
rally known to us as the author of the Astro: ,
nomical3Dispeutses, of the Evidences of Chris
tiauity, of one,of the Bridgewater Treatises, and
of many works on Political Economy, and as one
of the' most 'celebrated pulpit orators of his age.
This-idea of him is all true. But he was also a
most devout and self-sacrificing Christian; . a
most laboriousancl.fucceasfrd pastor,. a. humble
and unwearyi n g visitor of 'the poor and lowly,
teese,are the feat 4 es of his character particu
larly brought wile,* in this ; Work. of Dr. Way-
Hind i cempiledi - With .full nekncityledgment, from
the ,four voltuftes. ' VHS brings
Dr.-. Chalmers into more immediate connection
with the life-work of pastors, arid shows how
plied that noblest of all..the vocations permitted
men in this world. We commend it especially
to theological students and ministers not in pos
-ibitsioil of the large'Work to which we have made
,NNI,Ai OF BC t IENTIFIO ,DISCOVERY-: arc
e :Yuan-Boor OF' , FACiTS :IN SCIENCE - AND ART
son 1864. Piiterbby David A. Wells, A.
, • N,D., Author of .“ Principles - of Natural
- Philosophy, Pp. 3M. 1864:- Boston:
Gould it Lincoln. neW-York : Sheldon 4. 'CO.
Pittsburgh : DaPie Clarke 4. Co.
The Scientific Annual, - having been regularly
issued ter some fifteen years, may now be re
garde'd as an " institution," and a " peculiar "
9_4e at the same time. It
,embraces each year
the most important discoveries and improvements
in mechanics, useful arts, natural philhaophy,
chemistry, astronomy, geology, zoology, , botany,
_meteorology, geography,_ani aides,
&e., together ivitliliStie ore-the progress ofstil
co2ce during the year 1863, a list of `recent scion
tifp pttbVettions, ebittarierof-wnent
hic. The scope of the volume is certainly
very_aufmkenlivly 14 . 04.11ntrallLing up, irhilst
especially interesting to men of science, con
also.much that 4.9 atiapted4o. the general
ERNEST: TIME 82ORY. 'Pp 177. 1864.
NewzYork : AsAeldo?kd• Co. Pittsburgh: Davis,
t* A- biographical sketch of a- i bri rhd; . in - his
twelfth year, gavehimself to VI Sisviour lived
the4ifn of a:,CeriAtian, midst boyhood's
actiustctmed trials and temptations, and, hie niany
months had passed away, died this - death of a
Christian, rejoicing in those manifestations of a
Saviour's presence which seem to partake of the
supernatural.- Thee book is--well calculated- to
glide and:encourage the youthfulJuguirerin the
way of salvation.
:ouxiskpg ANti .INSIDE, . AND OTHER TALES.
for'tbe Presbyterian Board of Pub
' By Peak -Stanley. Philadelphia:
Preobyteriart, Board of Publication. Pittsburgh`:
-...Peeskittan Room s, 67 nand Street.
Tins is %colleCtion of, tales which boys and
girl rtitreerthinlY feed and from'whibh many
eitoellent lessons may be learned.
BORAH OD RE CO* , ; or, THE
BIBLE THB .749115%131111/E. - Published by the
s;Piesbyterian ittmA",'"litrd — for sale in Pitts . -
biligh at the P4einiteran ROQM - B.' •
A fouoying etaryfifeh gife 'lreland, in
which , the euperioxity fhevvirtues and .grecee
t f aughbin the Bible are 01131 VIVI (let pit for the
011 - dron-r
~"^i- e r—f • f! e
••- NUI k•• •,; % - 5.:4,•• • •-•,'
Edward Olen was goinA home one .night
in thli di r Ort, %into:sure lie was
g.oibifttraiAt 'lO4, tor - thete• liappeped:p?
be a halfway house at a certain corner,
*high sqtriehoW he, could` never get
when he had . a sixpence in his ; pocket. lie
ot);'the way hoWeier, 4Ot
et .old; flidlew-appreittioe. t ivilonit he,
hadli't seen ter an age.
"'Why, where oft earth have you been all
this, thik§i - SflOri lixiilarnild nk:
ear . 41 Xe'veboen on a hunt afteryou.
sari sineg'Weciatii ,
to twain."' ' 6 r
" I work at...olqapman's foundry," said
Edward, confuse dly. -
" All right," returne4, - FratlF ;‘"hut you
must take a cup of tea' with ins 6-night,
and we will return The complimen t one of
"I promised thit home
.to-night," began Edward . ; brit--his old
friend caught him by the arnit,'Estndirlie'eled
hird raiind With - 61;th of resoldtioa
" Our crib is not a 'hundred' millOti off,
and your wife.iseen't grudge3anscildlbodrade
half an hoax. A.nywayAdward, you must
look in wad see thesk_d_womaud the
flifli a vaMtAUffitsi I off.
40 T iinowlOte-vilkeeiz onorollethe lucky
ones, Frank," said Edward Glen, as they
walked along. '
" Luck's all nonsense, Glen," said Frank.
"My belief is, that every -man has 'his
fortune in his own hands„ with God's
Some can't ge, on the g o- a 9 they
like," sighed Edward.
" Theu, 'depend Upon it, thtre's a sercw
loose somewhere, if the machinery wont,
work," laughed Frank ; " bur, this is our
Edward Glen stared, as well he..rnight.
'when. Frank pointed to - a laa.ndsotue,cot
tage, with a pretty flower-garden in
and a goodly ptece of well Cultivated ground
behind. - • •
• • Two rosy, smart children came running
through the primroses and violets to wet--
come them', , • •
" You have had a windfall, • Frank," said.
AitVard, in amazement
"Yes, yon cherry-tree in. the farthest,
corner was a windfall," answered Frank,;
grea.i graaity, " hitt, , thank. goodrieA
there was no worbe damdge done that fear-,
That was not exactly what, Edward Glen
-nleant r but he smiled, and follOciecl Frank:
:in silence through; the - perfunied path
the' jessamine porch. . .
.`,`. 0 0,t.!0, three, feni, ftveclalf-a.M4Oe?
to keep in_givh. 1 - • Frank must-have found
t o pnrsc, i ',i4Ought Edward:, •
‘DN'i 4 Selsittietion tints, Isn't; it, Glenir
'said Frank, pausing: to Witch the setting'
But rents must be high in this guar
der,?' said Edward.
'Freak gave a short laugh. " Well, most
of us up here are our own landlords."
; No, no, Frank had got money left him,
- 4dall somebody would leaie me 'a
" , Bah I I wouldn't be any one's beggar
its long as I could make my, own way,"
said Frank proudly. " We arc obliged to
nolaity for, what we have; Wand half rthe
pleasure:l'We enjoy ,is, from our 'glorious itrj,
WhatorezTqultalki ng about aske,d, a
smiling little woman, layiag , tter hand affe,e
tionately 'Frank's shoulder.
" Ah, I was just saying,' wife---but don't
you see an old-friend, Missis:"`' • '
Esther Dysart was &eased...like a lady.
liat, Was the secret, of all this prosperity.
glance inside discovered a comfortably
furnished house,. and an: abundance of
everything: The tea was sumptuously
served, with ham, and fresh-laid eggs, and
newly-churned-butteT, and cream, .and• hot
cakes, and jellies. "'Upon my word,"
thought. Edward,,,P Frank's got a rise, and
- After tea, the.boys brought their prizes
to show father's friend. Three rough,
tearing lads that weren't kept on nothing ;
smart chaps, though, and far ahead with
their' - education for their size.
"'.Who helped- Frank ?" that was - what
Edward wanted to know.
"My wife .helps-me," laughed Frank.
"She spends the money; that's her de
‘‘tat you've got a tremendous rise i sinee
you came:to-townl-said Edward:
" Welljti*e;Gler," eandidlyanswered
Frank; " I am a foreman now."
" You!" inatinetively-exelaimed Edward
- "By sheer determination -arid perseven
anee,' continued:- Frank, with a,- smile.
"Yuri kbow wasn't a bright 'particular
star at..the ontsct, Glen." - • •
Edward Glen knew that well.
" But a growing- family put me to my
mettle, and so, with God's help, I got.
"But you say this house is your own;
and your life's insured."
"Oh, the cottage is not quite
yet, satd Fran J. ut s . the
for it, and we are clear with everything
else," lie added, -gayly eatehing his
youngest baby, , and-whirling
,:hint.. ove.r his
ic I wish ion would tell me your. secret ;
Dysart," said Ed. Ward Glee,- as Frank
walked to the gardeuzate with him.
" have no bottleain our house,"-said
Frank; " and `I don't - turn in at the Corifier
on my . viay home, alen - ."
Edward reddened •
You've always-kept your teetotal prin
"Yes, that's .the secret of our prosperi
ty,":said I,7tank. had yielded, to
drink; with my dull head, I would-have
stuck"" at.:1116 Toot of: the ladder; ands
What's saved off the beer goes into good i 9.
" What a downright idiot I have been,"
innttered . ::„Ed.ward Glen, as he wended his
way homeward. "That fellow hadn'ehalf
the mhance I had when we began to Work,
and he is a lord compared to what I am;
and. all for drink! It it" hadn't been. for
I would be better off than the Dysurts;
poor wretch that tarn." • -
The brilliant lamp that had so often
tempted his footsteps =into the " Grolden
Fleece," sent out a friendly gleam. He
segwls atit; as if it - Were a Sl:tite to fleece
him. The smiling landlady, stands at the
door; he passes without a word, and never
halts moil he,comes to his own door; and
thetche lialfittMoils with a feeling of dii
&int the contrast in his own house is so
Bare &lois, black fireside, crying ail
dre.n--crying with hunger and cold, poor
things, and a pale,weary wife hanging over
a dirty wash-tub, by the light of a .craeked
lantern. How could any man he expected
to Come hothe with pleasure to a miserable
seen's , `'this?? It 'wis quite differett
with Fratik,Dy,sart. Why, his home was
like n yilace !Of course Edward wasr4
to' blame, it was hiA wife ; and 'full Of 'in
dignation, he went in and abused poor
Sarah for net being a;better housewife, and
making his home attractive. He was per
' featly Sarah,seerned to,.diyabkit.
She looked at 'him pitifully, but made no`
answer. And in this she showed her wis
dent. It is said speech is silver, but ri
lonce is' gold sometimes.
Edward Glen was not a bad tempered
-ntrian ; ; a little hot when raised, perhap., but
his:anger blew off in no time when he was
licher. He was annoyed with liimselF to=
- night, arid when that is the ease, conscience
is bottle , ~ e asily pacified. - "He- - stormed
longer than opal; but when- be could
make ndthing mord of it, he sat down sulk
. hat are you squalling for ?" he
asked, as:AM' roughly shook a'• thin,
faced; objent,; shivering on the= floor.
"I„ i in so, so hungry," sobbed the little t0„ , 4
" Can't you give them some supietr'n'
said Glen, addressing his wife.
"We hay& nor bread in
.the house to
p aid §arah, meekly:; " but
I Will have nioneY to-morrow, when the
I'neita are sent home; dear."
" And have yen no coals either, Sarah ?"
" There ikon° Piece left, but we must be
"It's a cold-`night, though," ti-Ld
ward; ; " let 'eThave a fire fur once, woman,
and there's a shilling to get a loaf and
butter It *
"'Oh, mether, let me go for the loaf,"
• cried little Tilly clap zing her`' haticls.
shan't lose..tlia;mon4; ph do,lltu stars
soxxe Johnny and yo,u,wther."
t " There, then; run' ad fast- as yny,sgn,
Tilly," said her father, wrapping-the •
ll'itg m a'pleceitof ; paper ;i andtat a cake
for yourself,smanything .you like; ehite;
here,s,Another, sixpence.; He hid.his.f4ce
behiud"Jetiim 's emir 'head for thgre.Weit'
j i 3ears In This eyes.
P RES 13 1 7 1' E - RIA N.. BANN :Eh...
'Wondering much at the change that
haecump over Edivaid, arch broke the
last lump of coal in the house and
good fire; and when she had tidied up the
hearth, and set'away the tubs, and mart
erred 'herself u 4 a bit, she took courage
to asl; him ; if he had got his wa:ges ad
vanced 7. •
".Nut yet•; but I expect something of
that sort if i keep in the mind I'm in just
now," he answered.
" But if 1 114.d . kiiowtk you were coming
home so. oon to-night,- t would .have been
in betkr order," said Sarah. You can't make thin hotel look much
better,". replied Edward, :with a dash of
" Perhaps we shall see better times yet,"
said Sarah,.hardly knoviiiig what to say.,,
Well, I'd blow out my brains tonight,
hope,so," 4 aid her husband:
-Poor Sarah 'feared he had gone out of
his mind,'be looked wild and sPraog,e - ; ;
but neitmorning..he . was more eoinpose'd,
and Went put to his work quietly. "
evertiog, he. came: home straight .from the !
is out, of money," thmight Sarah";,
' whe i n' t plii-tley'conies he. won't 'pass the'
t glae.l.4 "Neel.'"
But fancy her serprise when, instead. ofl
'staggering in with a bare shilling-or-twol
4los - e midnight; 'he' nine' in 134iilirig be .
Fare"it was, dirk, and trupir 14 nii4rok,rti
wages into her lap.
" There; Sarah ; and bef3re long,- if God.'
gives me strength, I wilt have twice that,
sum to give yon on •
Poor thing, she burst into tefts`;'and fell
sobbing ontles , neck - .-, , > 7- ;
"1 'ye been a downright idiot and a brute
to yoill, 2 Barili,<fer alt= ydurleodness," lucid
Edward, with a. husky voice. . didn't
diherie sueh'r wife."
'" Oh. don't say that, dear :Eiward,"
sobbed Sarah. You were always : kind
but for drink.". . •,, .
"Well, you will forgive me, lass, 1 . see,"
in terriipted T Edwarit; tier soft cheek,
;arid we - Will 'begin life again .111‘ Frank
Dysart's, principle; No bottles .the
house, and a eleati head- always to •make
progress upwards." 1 ,
44 Oh; thank -God4 thank- , God I" mur
mured Sarah. ' •
TO my heart "for leadingine
to a noble example tq,open my blind eyes,"
said - her husband. , ,
After tea, they went out together to
make ,some purchases,' and next, day the
neighbora were surprised to see _Edward
Glen' going with his wigt",o chniph ; bift
bad they looked in at dioner, andsepn the
bright blazing fire and the well-set. tattle,
they wotild have got a surprise:. A whole
joint cif mutton at the head 4rid roast pate
toes,"and a jolly plum-pudding, because it
Said little Johnny to Tilly, in a whisper,
as he' finished his pudding, " I think we
Must have died, and' gone to heaven, it it's
to be always like thia."—=League Journal.
something 1 lard in the street.
A few days since, .1 heard loud talking
in the'street. The voices were children's
voided. I looked up, and on our 'flight of
steps I saw a group of o4i)dren, and on 'the
opposite stepci, across the street, was atioth-
" YOu haven't: a' carpet' on your parlor,
nor on your ditnog . room, shouted one set
of the- ehildreo. oeuld'het hear the re-:
sponse, but in the same taunting tones mug
" You haven't a piano im your:parlor." -
I did not Mitten further; 'for it is very
disagreeable to see children trying to make,
other& unhappy, and to triumph over them
because one possesses what the other does
not. Carpets and-pianos sat comforts for
whick„anyl one 'ma,S , be thankfid,' but the
Want`oethem ;i,t caned for contempeJ It
is what'we.are, not what we have,, that-fits
us for heaven. Arloving,,,kind heart that
prompts toLkind words and kind acts, is' a
better treasure than anything that wealth
"±I wish that I 7 ,d good.. friends to_ help
me on in life," cried lazy Dennis; with a
, t G oo d frie n ds, why you've ten . replied
, Prn` sure I've not- half so many, and
those tbat I have are.too poor..to help ma!!
"Count your fingeis, iny-boy,"; saii his
Dennis looked down on his-big; strong
"lcegunt thumbs and added the
".I , have—there are n,"` said the lad.
Then never, say you-have:not2ten gotid
friends, able to help you on in Try
that tliose'irue friends ean do' bnfOre you
go grumbling and •fretting beeauseNyou do
not get help froin others'.
"The pictures in .:my father library
sent me to tea before I was ten years old,"
said a'New York merchant. " The Life of
Harriet Newell made. me a missiona,"
said a self-denying laborer among the
heathen. " The words 'ot Miss Mar;Lyon,
Work where none else made me
ehoO'se my field, among the poor and out
cast of the city street," is the testimony
of a devoted =pupil of that heroic woman.
The "utterance of a . departed; : mother, 44 1
love the Bible better than may other book,"
led .an impenitent daughter to abandon
light reading.. A word fitly spoken or
written will often prove as a nail in a sure
Skeleton of a sermon preached by Rev.
Wm. irliscox„," in. New Port, August
8, 1729, from Reclesi, „ : 13.
Tbe .- tiMe Of y,piiih'is,ibeilest time :
1 - For good impressions.
2 For strong resolutions.
4. .For closest applications.
g 5. For diligent obgrvations.
isfotto remember God in youth is:
1. To sliglit'his invitations.
.2 To disregard his legislations.
- 3. To disbelieve his impreeations.
4. 'To reject his operations. •
illiserTations at Ake Seaside.
The time is now near at hand when` the
'annual Exodus of many' of the Londim
.population will take place toward the sea
side—a truly sanitary measure, both as re
itgerds the heajth of ladies and also of chit;
,dren. It-is exactly one hundred and teii
tyears ago that, a physician. 'named, RusSelf
wrote a book upon the advantages of bath-.
ing the body in sea-water—an idea whieh
had not previously entered into the brains,
of .our „forefathers. Up to. thatitime—to.
'use thp.worda of my learned informant and
;friend, Mr. Roberts,of Ddver—the sea-was'
juaied't(i'hivibeen designed for commdrce,
And seaside tOWAS for the residence,of mer-•
ichants and fishermen.' At no previous pe
riodlad there.been seaside Viiiitors. Why
should they - go the sea-coast when no too
tive , could be atated a time, too, when ,
Northatnittpo healthy climate was attrib
uted to its 'dist:ince from the noxious fumes
of the sea.- iTkere i r#pri r certainiy, water
ling:placel3,L'hutilklinsir: were towns- where
;those mineral wateli'existed, such as Bath,
&a: I lin! Muhl
The, Ten „Friends.
EDI\ ESD A Y . , SLP )
B P 145
sell's brother doete.rs took up the cry ; sea
bithing suddenly becime the rdshion • Dr.
liusset'f was obliged cook and ,elide at
Brighton, and the fishing villages in vari
ous parts of the kingdom became inunda
ted with visitors.
point where the sea could be most ca.sily
reached from. London, was soon nund out,
and taken pusscsAda of by a 'colony of cit
izens anxious to fellow the fashion and re
cruit.their health at.,the same time.
..,At the present f t:tale, I believe a great
y more people go to the seaside than to
inland waters; and, 3 am convinced that
`they are perfectlY correct in so doing. I
have lately visited several-watering-places
for the purpose of taking. Scientific obser
vations on the composition of' sea water,
&c., in the •neighborhood of London, pro
eeeding in one instance limn Lcmdon-bridge
'to ,Ramsgate by the stearaboat A/bion--and
I, may here say'that I was agreeably sur
prised at the very, great' amount of accom
anodation afforded* by this ship, and the
splendid decorations :of the dining-saloon,
and at' the magilificen'ee as well is the
Cheapeeof the repast. -, Tilde Ramsoate
steamers arrive in. time for a passenger to
return! to London .hys , - the evening train.
A.trip , by them ilea: very delightful day's
generalcoMplint at the seaside' is,
ere fi t nothingo do, and the time h
thereilVe peseta ieirily, ,if; however the
visitor,..tvishes to„obtaie .amusement,, she
wand' fail to observer carefully the pro
dada of.the sea-shore at' the locality where
sher;happens to b e e'si Wa i ter The ahildre
also, shmild encouraged in habits of prae
tical.oloervation of what they see before
them, -aichthey should.also, be <encouraged
to 'reason the - various phenomenal
which come under
,notice; for in'.
stance, it should be'explained to theni hOve
that,w.hereas sea-water kept stagnant-fora
shorttime:in a vessel: soon , becomes bad,
largetplantitieS,'as found in the sea, never
by-any'bliti* lose their freshness, in coif
sequence a:die beautifitalternation of the
tides, WherebY the whole body of the water
is lreptlin ..eentinilMlis Motion. It should
be also pointed 0ut .. ..h0w, that eachwaye,
when. rolling in, coils ; over. itself as it ap
proaehes' the , shore, , thereby absorbing a
considerable thantity, of air, which materi
allreesiste the 'keeping fie& of whole
mass, and hawthat.storinsi,tbough often in
jurious to the., shipping,liM-reality do a
great deal of good'by causing motion in a
large body of water, which otherwise would
remain too long stagnant, _they should also
be taught to observe how that a. etorm.at
distance will cause what, is called a "'ground
swell," exactly upon the principle of the
minute waves whicli - 7aPpear on the calui
serfaxe of a horse pond,= radiating „"frem a
point of disturbance when a atone is thrown
into the water. At most seaports there is
a•barometerplaced, in-a-public locality, and
it would be highly interesting to watch,
from day to day; the, , prophecies made by
this barometer, alit " to. see how far - these
prophecies turn to be true; nor, indeed,
should, the structure of the sea-shore itself
be neglected:, It should be observed that
where cliffs face the opean, cavities have
been hollowed out 'by, the widen of the
Wipter's waves upon" them. On the con-.
trarY, - if the shore be sandy, ; the ripple
marks upon it should be observed. And
it should' be explain
,d` how that that they are
theexaet'counterpart of the - ripple, marks
es' , ileert on the-clouds when the sky assumes
the rappearance .ot--What is - known as a
mackerel' sky." Thrown-up by the waves
of the sea-shore will- be found objects of
`endless interest, tornPfrom-• their beds by
the action of' the waves and storms ,upon=
them ; thus will be- found specimens of the
ciarsWeed,Jo calle44ent its, resemblance to
therowing oar; and the " bladder-wrack,",
so called front the i Numerous, bladders. in.-,
serted jute the 4ubptance. of -the,
,plan t, the`
use of which is float it in water, and
thus preient its,:desteuction. Bunches of
, lemon-weed should alap.be noticed and nib
ibed in the hand,,when a smell like that, of'
,ffandfuls of.seaweed ,Jbould also be col
lected,- and pladed ire a vase of water at
home; as,the weer clears, it will beseen
what thousands cdi minute living creatures
inhabit the ocean, and` what' a wondrous.
world, of, animated lifaixists in the waters,
:totally out of the reach -.and cognizance of
God Save the -State: -
'rather, in Riayeitn 'Thee,
Low bends the will knee,
Save.ihou the,Slate I
Save • thou tt a Uniopliew,
Id eke eaeh heaigto bow,
While eur_gtayers heavenward flow—
God save LualState,
Guard with.4hy strong right arm
Our goodly ship from harm--
ThoM God,. art great! '
. Peace, o - er.t. e waters spread -
Till the wit winds are fled,
'Unholy pas ions ilitd— s
God lave the State!.
TeaSh - iis li "O CliiiSt to live;
- All our wildzwork forgive, .
Thott - Lord,'art great l• -
We know n6t what - tve do,
'Still a haul path pursue;
Laid, thoulur Light renew—
' God -- save the State I
Hear thou +Sur prayer this day:,
Turn not thy face away;
' Maki Wrath to cease,
Till broad from sea to sea,
All dwell ha', harmony. •".
So he the fraise to' thee,
Great Prince of Peace!
An "Interestint Reliel—The editor of the
Trenton Monitor has recently examined a
manuscript let+, dated 'Lisbon, the 17th
of December, 17'77.- It is from a tory across
the , Allantie to ktory-in• this country, writ
ten in the style df writing and on the paper
"of the period,'-and shosVing the marks of
age and travel:4'lle writer'expresses grat
ideation at the occupation of Philadelphia
by Kitig Ge6iPts troops, and laments the
defeat of BargoAe; else," the disa'greeable
Situation of our'friends whom the - Congress
had sent prison'ers to Virginia"—prohahly
to bastile." The letter, has. a strange
interest from being written in the, midst of
events, which 11ve, heat so long matters, of
history, and we can hardly realize that, after
the lapse of 66 - ay years, , the correspond
ence cormerninerthis war'will be of as much
The Vettlth, rover, aml Crime of Loidon„—
The ,oity of Lo4don Cow covers an area tf
40' ssivare. mil‘s, a
,of i'd contains a popula
tion - 8,000,111)0,souls. It is_stated in a
late report of th.Registrar-General that its
populati-on -has : t
creased sinee,lB6o at
rate ob 1,000.: pp. week. It, far surpasses
any other city, on the face of the'i-earthLin.
wealth ) andi l al4—ikanust, also .be , adderilm
in human inisery. The Registrar-General
reobrds the Ito:metal:4e, fact that one in six
of those who 'hve=„the world die in the
public institutiOns—workhouses, hospitals,
asylums, or prisdns Nearly one in eleven
.of the:deathaistin.the workhouse. Every
'sixth person dieh wpauperpr a criminal-.
The p?sthrirodus- papers of Hawthorne,_
i.'ondifig fi r oyfo his old 'Contributions to
reviews,:, niagagtos, and 'annuals; will •be;
soon - published by Ticknor and Fields.
It is deinortstrated by the - offs statis—
tics of the cumin of the 'United - States,.
from 1700 to 1860 that the total annual
product 0 :
of the tee States per epp ita ex
ceeds that of th slave States largely, more
than two to on and jot:hiding csoitituereg
very 'nearly three!to• one. As.vgarda,edu-.
cation, Mao, the haticin 'favor of the free
iS tales' is . oforitt #fouito, one in 185 Oiond.'
sus . 1 , ~, . i.v d ..l ,- .. r-'. 171..1 -, ,t, 14 .: Cw.ei ...Of
hl 1 6 - 0 more flan five to one. And even
as regards agriculi.ufal pr6deets, tliose'bf
Vie flee Sates were 53,527,676,000 per
alnom, and of the mimic States only $862,-
824,000. The valw of the lands •offthe
free States was $25 19 per - afire, of..the
Slave States only $10.16 per acre; the pro=
duet. of the improved lands of the free
States was 826 68 per acre, and of the
slave States $ll 55, while, per evio, the
result was $lBl 18 to 670 56.
Rattlesnake Leather.--The editor of the
Hartford (Conn.) i'ress - hs been shown a
.new; kind of leather . , -made front rattle-
Ans.ke's skins, sent from. Californiat The
.skitis have been tanned and are to.l4;ina , de
up into slippers. In color they are brown,
marked with black. Rubbed nue-wayy, they,
are smooth, as silk, but' rublied-ibackWand
`they are very.rough, the seales,turning)
as though the leather had been nicked with
a knife. The_skins measure about si;„ t fee4
'in '.length. They arc very dentate, and
easily torn, and are only: veil:fable on ac
count of their novelty. !
Arta, 7 arlytit I
Illunagement or Young " Pigs
" Pigs; young or old, will eat, anything,
and pigs thrive in 7muck."• During the .
last fifty years or so of my long lite - I have.
at leastAhrice fifty times heard-that singu
larly stupid. remark from the lips of,,,ineri
whose experience,`to say .notiiing about`
their possession• of at leist average colutno2
sense in regard to matters and things .n
eneral,shouldnave_ taught thenit_kleqes.
o T t.7,epti fig - 331314k' htixtiabs,,, I 'kw w . „.04,?
feature ;fiat tet i gireihil'ihe attatriMent of
lie greatest`physical' peifeetion greater at-
fehti6w hi' More 'skilful' management thafi
a young pig. And, in truth, as to Interpol
•gtrtiotfife; &ere islar less dikerene,e than
Iftettple• in - genefic'tirtfiPhse, - between 'till
-young ehild ifit4l o l.eoyiluing'Tpig; ) , Let th 4
'child be kept in, comparative darkness, and
birzAtrwbolcsome food, and you will have, ill
the •result, a stunted, weakly man or woman,
of a -scrofulous body and . an intellect td
WOW.' In the case of the pig, of 'course;
the. intellect is, out of th? qrestion What
you want-to, secure dla piggy's ease is the
greatest capacity-ill fattentng,-that it may
be the earlier preduction, as to time, amt.
yielo-:.the largest pessiblequantity of pOrk
in cash. If you would'ruiu your pig, as to
both of those requirements, pray take as
your -rule of porcine management the 'pro
found maxim quoted at the head of thig
brief paPer, but be assured' that, in, doing
so, you will make pig-feedirg a mighty un
profitable pursuit, whether as, to your lard
er or your purse. - • ' . •
Youp,o_ Piga:—ReniembOr that
PuPg Pigs; likiyonng children, find wean
ing any thing but a plealant process. The
former,iike, theliatter, should be Weaned
gradually, and :the gradation should be
domMeneed very In my - native
county, Hampshire, gngland,,We:v-y, SO
inuch attention. to,pia management that we
have -obtaine.d-the , souGrignetAuf 11atripshire
hoge, and a• few- words - as to out manage::
merit of our porcine' steek may het be'quite
unserviceable to the readers at the
eql Farmer...) . Vre keep our , breeding sows,.
when in pig, in all• but actual fatting con
dition. Her food.; betides being . good, is
always` boiled, - and, alWays fed - her at'
about'lie temperature - iiir „new milk; it is,
given,to her at, regular ;hours, so that she
may . never be so. hungry, as to , i fret; it
should always have alight sprinkling of
tialtiand, in addition to her feeding trough,
she should always have a small east iron
trough.kept scrupulously clean andconstant.:
ly supplied with .Me .fresh water.*
presume the hog-and •her yoUng'farnily
to be oomfortablY located in a roomy and
detached stye, :Which, like the
shOuld: be kept , scrupulously, clean, for
though pigs undoubtedly will-" thrive in
muck," they will do so not' because of the
muck,' but in spite of it, jiiit as, many a"
dirty and ill-fed boy lives, in spite of dirt
and privation, to be a stout man. But who:
will' 'venture to. deny •that. he would have'
been still more robnst if he had groWn up
without the dirt and privation instead of
in spite of them.
lu:a good,elean stye, rather high-roofed,
and with a ventilator above , and: behind h• r
sleeping place, our Lady Bessy, Hog, well
fed, and regularly fed, will support her
pule Aunily with proAtto; 'her keeper,*and
without visible injury to her own condition,
for a. fall month.• Then, let an opening be
made at one side of her 'breeding 'stye just
large enough to allow, of one of her young•
stem getting from, the, stye into a narrow
but enclosed adjoining slip in which a
shallow pan or 'trough of really good stuff,
Charley meal, at' first, mixed with
Milk, warm skimmed* k and water) shourd
be, &abed at three, regular• hours daily.
The little pigs will at first feed in a sloven
ly fastion 'enough.; - their paws - wilt; be as
deep' as their snouti, in fheteMpting mess,
arid their, jaws will get More on the outside.
than onthe inside. .Bat magister artium
venter—the. belly is the .great master of
arts—applies, no less truly and strongly 4to
pi e tLan t°4'l3ll.after s day 14'1,4'0 your
°link pigs*get ~BI I OOY :of
their ,outerstye food. Two o•reat objects
are _thus accomplished: the .young pigs,
without privetion to themselves, are gradu
ally weaned, and the mother pig suffers the
less from their, appetite, increased with'
I - haVe known, in my own . taanagem - ent
df styes,-at Upton Gray, in flampshire,
atingle fortnight to weati.a 'large littefof
pigs, bath mother and little ones being in
- - Let it be remembered that'air, sunlight,
eleatilineas, are as congenial- to properly-
Irept'pigs as to humans:
thiive in amuck,? YeS and so do
measles and foot-rot, neither df which would
afflict the porcine family if the above brief
directions .be complied with; the troughs
being of cleanly kept iron and the styes
bating a southern e*posure.—W: T. IL—
Practical loarrizer. • '
4.. : 11 . .tiii# 7 106 lit 40. - :oli . (4kr Vutit. B Wier -,':'
A 'correspondent of the Boston Tarn B,erifit makes the following statement": "
repeated ekperiments in my family, I have
found that in making domestic
ing yeast prepared in the house---a 'pound
of good flour will yield very nearly two
pounds of bqad• The only addition made
to the fleurtienthout ; tablespoonful.of
Indian, meal, water and sal4 to two three:
pound loaves. A pound of..flodi 'never
failed to yield a pound and three quarters
,of hread.' Then I'mide this" eAiniate A
karrel of flour of 196 Pounds,' made 3-I'3'
pounds of."hretol;.44-3 pounds, bread, if
bought of the baker in pound loaves; at
five cents, would- have cost*me 817.45 Aly'
barrel_ of flour coat me at the time of thebe
between .$7 and ;$8• This is,an ar
gument for--baiting cue's. bread ~icateliti of
'fraying it.' 'Even at present prices touch
money would be saved 7 by baking 'at home.
thitit'used to be rare to find a five•eant
lhaf - that weighed over It °andel: There
fore buying bread was still morp,pipensiv%
than my .calculation makes it,. In these
tionsi five-cent loaves weigh. 10, or 10i
ounces, sometimes less, so•- that. the - price a
purchaser of 'baker's bread actually pays
fir a bairg:of flour is enormous' When
flour is eYen a. sl2 per barrel,. the Cost oy.five.
tient loav es is equal, to paying $25, the
luavelweighipg 104. • ounces. „ k
siickksrs,for..very white,,,flour. make a tow , .
in. thvircloinestio;econoitty..; novebbily.it,i
4 • 1, 1 t
if flour with a shade of dark is peifeCtly
sweet, and I never buy the highest priced
flour, yet I do not see brit I have very nice
!" In these days it is very well for all to
economize in that which we can, 'just as
well as not.' ,If there is money to spare,
there is suffering enough to use it all up,"
Influence of Iron on Vegetation.
A curious. discovery has recently, haQn
made regarding tc the - influetipe of iron on
vegetables., On the chalky shores,ef . Vrance
and England„ where there is= an absence of
iron, :vegetation has a sere , and, bleached
appearance.;; : This . r is eptireltremoVed s „ it
sppears,by the application of .a acting= of
sulphate of iron. Ilaricof beiria!viiitered
with this substance sequifed au 'additional
Weight of ' fiO per cent. 101,berri013 &soh-.
es, pears, vines and wheat, dertidlirt v.hota
ges froth the saiq treatment.
tivalion of clover wonderful
have been gained by the applieitiiid of sul
phate of iron on soils in which
client ,is wanting, azdi in oases Whala
desired to produce! att. early , crop. The!
material.ie. of course, f cheap; - end ....the:q tutu -I
tity applied , small., All the: eceiee , i)tliibt
around the blacksmithly, ;:shon.bilbe
saved for the land—tltey , are, worth rive!
cents a quart to-gardeners. del
much:benefited, by iron rust-in:toile- attifthet
pear. ,: _ ' 44
How to dry &PA Cark:EM
When the corngooThl
eating; the grains being ' , fully grosiinVthnira
quantity of ears just enongh.'ttif took - the
Reich, and then let them moot and:dry life*
hours, slid then' shell or out off the'Weitra
The' best 4tafte` dry the corn is'etp' 'll4l n
piece of cloth of very open tetttireEtin
fra roe, whi ell if two feet. Arzl long,
will be of a convenient size to ItftAle.--
Scientoc American,• •
• • • •
pi von. -
"1: take . Omura fii rectienn . itinding It - as every *Viets.
• • . Bet- LR4., : vame
- Editor New York
confess.tuyself delighted with your Bewlhig,AlE_ltfoei"
- Rev. Dr. Snuoxr...
Editor New-York Christian Advoisapt.l
"i have used (hover & Baker for Iwo yeah?. Barmstat4
have, hem WOlll Out withotu the'lo,Ning ' l . - eti WIZ!'
Bev. GEO;WHIPPLB, NeW:York:
"For several months we have'veoi Grover* Baker's Sew
n+ Miiehine, and with pleasure testify to its beauAftil and
elastic sewing, and its simplicity)! - _
080. E MORRIS, Editor
..hab been 1110dtauccesata.l. Jai . zee „from- Itlke
family blaming:" 'JAS. POtLOCK,
' •i , . , -Ex-Oaxertiortrir PeiMaytiikabx.l.
Office. No. 18 FIFTH STREET, Pittsburgh
• A. 7. P. OEI ATONEY—
marwA , novERAL 41:12norr:
EiV AND VALUABLE BOQX4
FOR BALE AT
THE PRESBYTERIAN BOOK ,ROOMS
,iivt art .•
IEN - SHAW'S
NO. 57 HAND STREET
Th 4 BoUrd of Colportage respectinlii iterate their friends
,to call at Weir Rooms, and examine their larger asetartment
of religious books, among which are the following new
issues: - •
The Prophet of Fins.: By Mo,Ttuff.:: . ~ .
Bible Iltuttrations. By Rev. .146Wt011 1.35
The Sabbath. By Oiifiilan 3 - ' 1.26
The Sypp•thy of Christ settle-Kan A 1.24
The Imitation orChrist. By ReMpie: m 2. 2 a
The Pdarof Honor. By' the author of '+:Doing inds -
Suffertng." • 1.00
The 7.lrdiedvement of Time. By . . 1:00
,Serniorterby Re • . Robertson— .. . . —l4O
The Old Pim =
Petty-Steel. By the aiithorof An1y,"1.:..:• ' 1 1.25
Maud Summers, the Sightlees...., '25
Anna. t or, A Dauxltter at Bente
;Tori God ~a Legacy; or, Trust in a Covenarikeepfpg.
finiton SabbatlOthools .. .. t 76
[tart on Prayer 75
'TheTrue Penitent Pertrat ed.' t 413.3; " 50
Heavenly Hymns far Heavy Reacts
I The CollaS of the Bible . .. '26
IBible Bettamit on Paisstine i•2O
Hints to Patients in Hospitals 20
All the issues of the Board of Publication ands largefittp ,
=ply of Sabbath School books, always on hand:
JOHN CULBERTSON, 141Farian.
ntNTISTRY,.-pR. 4).•SILF4 NO. ZAA
za-••• PENI, STREET, Pitblburgb, attends fo ali‘biarkehas
of thoflontal profe4si.ak • myA•A'
THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
- OF - NE W -f-Y - 011;K.'
'FREDERIUK 3. WINiTON, Prosidint :
ASSETS, JULY IST, - V 111.01117,000
A NNUAL INCOME, OVER
PAID CLAIMS Br DEATH, (24,Yearp.) -
OVER. • - 5.00,000
DIVIPEND DIIHIFa FIViC Ysea 135&'8 TAB=
MILLIONS OF Dot.teve, an t . %AAT.,4 , I!
PiRTICIPASING P.R.E.51.113115. "
Refer on res in Pittsburgh: •
HON. THOMAS M. HOWE, ISAAC M. PENNOCK,
• JAMES B. LION, . .
• GEORGE R. WHITE, WILLIAM W. WARD,
.TA t. BA. ,1113TOIII SON,. EATON,
FLORENCE RItAISTER; ' ' 3.011 - Enk 'WOOED.
- JOHN D. •SCOLLY, WILLIAM. B. BCEEKERTZ,
THOMAS LANK, • WI LLIATi,VM. SHINN,
!WILLIE BOOTHE, WILLIAMW
8. , L.-FAHNESTOOK, WHITMORE, T f
W. A. ITALIA/OK, ,Matire.i. .13;FAthissa.,
GEORGE M. . BIACKSTOCK, ~-Agent,
No. 37 Fifth Stteet Pittsburgh. '
iy l 3 • -t..
MASON Sr. HAMLIN'S
OA. 3? AT' 0 ZE-4
; CAUTION TO.PtIRCHASERS.
The wide demand for. mit: CABINBT ORGANS bee :in
, dueled dealers in some raises to advertise quite differentin
etruments as OABINNT ORGANS, and in others to repro
sent to purchasers tharliarnioniuras and atlitr reed 'organs
are the st.me thing. This 18 NO2'lllll/1. The excellences of
CABINET :ORGANS *' -*
which. hare given them their high reputation,. ;Wise. not
merely' from the superiority of their work mittudiip.; put
'in large measure from Essexrisn 3117PEREVG8811S OONSTRUO:
riot, which being patented SY-08. cannot be linitated by
other mak. ra From these Arise ; their better , qnality; and
voluble of tone, and capacity for expreseicin: - Vvery OAK
NET ; °ROAN haPtipon its name board Id full, - The words,
"lISON & HAMAN eiBINET'ORGAN." ,
.When a dealer represents any other instrument as a CAM.-
loot Organ, it is usually a mere attempt to 'sell. sknittiftu;lor
instrument on which he eau make a larger profit. "
/95 to $520. Warerooras : No 274 Washington Street, 1108.
ton; MASON & umeLnr. -N0.7 Mercer Streeti:New-Ysirk,
MASON 11d0ThIERS. No. 81 Wood strut„ Pittal,:ilFgh„
CM 4E4 O. M jy2o-7
THIS HERON WORK;
Nos. 37; 19, 49 1 ' 41 and 43 Penn- Went,
FOSTEII AND CONIPAY: ,- .
ERS AND IRON.EO.UNDERS.
dro preptirod: to atemifacnti,, joiditr on : elitik 4 e
on t 6 most 'favorable Limos,
Stern Efi ~ 2i es
And baying just completes a first-class 1017141.11;i 7 ; are readj-
to fill'4ll order.' fnr COMINGS of any WV. Or pattern
!Q. 0 LDIEP.SI CLAIM -40 ENCY. ?'t
J & HL TATTERSON
SOLICITORS OP AND PENSIONS,
Nil!'l44 . rourtif St.; Pittsbuiiijh,;"-si , fT
Aar Perialnhia, Boundei, BmilePrey and Soriliora'
of all kind'', promptly coll.nfrd.
N EW TRIMMIN AND FURNISII.-
Olt stock :will be found the 'moat comblete in the,eitr
embracing all the newest styles of VAIIiIMINGEI
Owl: o Th . , Silks Gimps; Mead„ and Bugle Trimmliage;
Badd and Rosette"Enttona; Hosiery, 'Glares ;
, Pine Embroideries; White Goods ;
BonneCand,Trlinming Ribbong: .
Scotch Maid Yelyet and ;
Hoop Skirts, Balinoral Skirl - sr
Morocco Belts ; Silk - and- .Seotclr Belt
Late Rtindkerchiefs; - Ribbons;
Point Lace Collars Valencia Collars;
Maltese Collate and Cuffs ; Lice Sleeves ;
Ladies' and- :Gents' . ,
.MOORNEAD, DENNISON & CO-.,
ape -1 81 llyraKE't filitßZT PIyTOBURHIL
KNAREIS PIANOSA tip, __„
N w , ,
aidered the beat hand' 1.1 th Notht o r. :(j.:l'.
warranted for eight years. AN 4116
"arise 4. ,;"' : 4 $
Euabe Piania‘ we would recur to tl.. ~( rt 1, ar , ",,:' ': , i
in oar posa t ics
ion from Melberg, Grn. 1 .dt , ..tr, „, ' ' , I
atter, and E. Vfouptompo. .t.. tall is r -p,e I), , ' ' f
before purchfoong VlSt.a6rP, Perior. ua d , '''.,
please seal for a circular. For eSO f4r1,,,, 1 ,, , "
HAINES ogOe. PUN (Jare a the bst Pa' - o 9 t,,
try at the price . _ OROVESTELN .t. C.l ,‘ \
octave roamoon, fully warranted, for $•_:0 `!* ;-I ' '
TEA ES NO,, gem plAim, • for i:,„; , -, ,
RIEIeIf.JEONS, the t , •st.tnade ' Prices trim $,-, I , i ' z
EadliLolll iiLLNIY l'inh NI. Plorr.l
neatb-s. ' rol e`n (Or' alms. 11, ,
Sa------111N A. •RENSH., , W. -,
Corner of Liberty and nand &trol l
Pittsburgh, Pa., ' .‘
Would invite the attention of the public to los -xts t „, 4 i i
and varied assortment of
CHOICE 'FAMILY GROCERIES,
11448, Sugar-Cured Rama, Dried Beef, Fish. ch , L-N., 1 , - 1
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