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ROME AND FOREIGN RECORD.
is greatly to be regretted that this
°dical oC the Church is not, taken and
*lore extensively. If it were read
our people, we would have church
lers far better informed than they are,
Lt more liberal. We cannot but think
the fountains of benevolence, instead
ding up, would send forth .new and
plenteously abounding streams. Much
e matter which the Record contains
he regarded as " dull °'.reading, but it
I. be noted that good Secretaries and
'j missionaries are not always sprightly
.s. Many fine writers, however, .are
for very little else. And then it is
noted farther, that it is no easy task
take an unwelcome subject interesting.
needs to be something in the reader's
0 , responsive to the matter treated of.
'•want of interest in the Record is due,
ty at least, to a defective interest in
)ause it advocates. It talks of Zion.
Us in sadness of her sufferings. It
is earnestly her cause. It also speaks
ter, some glorious things. Read the.
he June number of the Record gives
►rs from several missionaries. One
We have resolved to beooie self
lining—to continue a mission station.
;tiger; but to become a chterch, with
;lete and independent life. We have
the experiment of self-sustentation
;hree months; I ask you, therefore to,
me only the receipt for , seventy-five
Irs, which we have raised in collectiobs
he Board during the past quarter, and
ih has been paid to me, instead f the
t's quarterly check.
( n taking leave of you, I tender my
lie and grateful thanks on behalf of
"people. The Board has proved an
mer worthy of our noble Church.
"ly concluding reflections on this sub
ire two. 1. A word to domestic mis-
Iles. Preach to your people on this
it of selpustentation. 2. To mission
;bes. It is possible and pleasant to do
tntiy more and more toward the sup
eof the Gospel in your midst."
'he pecuniary pressure has been so
that my people have only paid me
fourth of the sum promised, to wit,
tt fifty dollars. For the same reason it
' - leen judged best not to press the va
. benevolent objects of; the. Church
them this season; but we expect to
ate on the plan of systematic bane&
enjoined by Preahytery.
beg leave to add tliatihe check sent
lby the. Board, viz, $18.75, , and $5O
the congregation, making-868.75, 'is
,that I have received for the . year's ser
s ; the other portion of my time having
, spent at points where no aid couldlie
ieted. On this sum I have haAtto feed,
le, and, educate my family—a wife and
flebildren. We have been reduced to
brink of starvation, and when I have
s abroad to get something for the family
10,1 have seen so much privation and
lible from being in debt, among my mem
4, even those owning good farms, and
'vg• large cora crops, that I returned
to empty, and yet comparatively cheer
' If Eastern benevolence can continue
;aid to Western churches in this the day,
their distress and pecuniary depres
1, with the elements of wealth which
?mess, we will one day return a rich
third tells us :
.ot only has the Gospel elevated the
~ a 1 sentiment in three communities, as
teased by ail, but it hae also destroyed
influence and credit of one of Satan's
ig refuges, Universalism. A year since
I error stood in proud •strength, but God
bntered into the families of several who
e bulwarks and pillars in its defence,
} their Dagon has broken to pieces before
humble ark of God.
!‘ Let me give you an instance : " A
I.itable citizen took offence at plain
telling last Summer, and vowed never
Lear me again. He also did what he
Id to strengthen the hands of the op
)rs. But his awakened wife prevailed
tave him accompany her to one of our
ling meetings during the week of
rer. There he met with One mightier
Satan and an unbelieving heart. Not
jy weeks after, the following converse
' took plane between us:
, ' 4 I feel that I am a great sinner.'
fg Dear friend, I am glad tha,t..you have
tnd it out.'
4 But I am• almost in despair'
It is good for you to despair' of your-
Jesus is calling you to trust in him.'
Why did I not see these awful truths
I g Becaise now the Lord •has answered
prayers, and his awakening voice hao
Lched your heart. Will you hear him r'
"' I will ; I am determined - to serve
he replied, with tears ; and he cav
self upon Jesus. He has set up do,
lily altar in , his large household. Ht
Low with us , in heart and voice, abrothel ,
loved. Two on of the praying mother
io was chiefly instrumental in foundinl.
(r mission church,,have likewise oast
')ir lot with us. She has reaped be:
LEIPTS in 'April, $4,683.
The current sets strongly for an eleva
of the, standard of ministerial qualifi
ions. Something is needed to mak
ratuitous education more, pop filar. Th.
card which has charge of this ,depart
(cut of Church effort has found self no ,
',owing in acceptability. Many of ou ,
ingregations ive , it nothing. Other
five sparingly. Means cannop, be hitiA.
feet wants. Why:? Does the Holy Spiri
ill more men than the churches are will •
g to sustain while .they. are:preparing foe'
fair work? Or do some offer .theraseltes,
it service at God's altrii whom his SpirJ't
}as not called? The latter question is,omp•
hich we should not answer rashly. An: ; .:
t is one which is vastly important. Leo,
,very man be thoroughly educated, .
lent into .the vineyard, to whom God he
',iron the will to labor there, together with
l a rts trtait Ii 4 Itittr
41 V •,..._..i +
UL. X.. NO. 39.
the talents . and tite adaptation. And let
none be commissioned whose -call is doubt
fal. Scrutinize the seal by which the Lord
marks his own; and where his impress is
plain, honor it with all confidence and lib
Itzaatrrs ; in April, at Philadelphia, $5,439; at
Pittsbufgh, $B4B ; at Louisville, $lB4. ,
jaPaw, January 13.—The Missionaries
expected to be required` to remove from
Kanagawa to rokohatna, but' they bad not
been able to obtain housea orland in that
CHINA, Ningpo, February IS.—The
brethren were rejoicing in several addi
tions to the chureh,--two of the girls in the ;
school, the sit of one of • the elders, and
two persons 'Bao-ko-tah, one of these a
man over eighty years of age. A few
other hopeful cases , of inquiry were found,
at Bao-ko-tah., which isla smalli town a few
miles, • from Ningpo, one or two .at Sanpoh,
and a few in the girls' school. Mr. RAN-;
KIN adds : " There is no , interruption to
missionary work among..the villages gen
erally, and the people ,are eager to hear the.
Gospel. Ask the claurehes..ta.pray for us."
SIAM, Bangkok, February 6.—Mr. MC
DONALD mentions that the number of
scholars in the boarding-school, has, been:
reduced to twenty-two, in order to save ex
INDIA, Allahabad, Marchts.—Mr. Ckr-
DERWOOD had been permitted to .receivel
into the church, by baptism, three men and
one woman at Arubala.• Dr, ,CAMPBELL tcr
receive eight new members at gaharunpur
and Mr. FULLERTON reports the baptism
of a man about eighty years of age, and of
a young man at Futteligurh.' These addi
tions' to= the church rave the brethren great
cause Aflrejoicing. Mr. WALSH had re
turnedlo Allahabad with health much im
'AFRICA, A Monrovia. March 10.—Mr.
JAMES .MOS, of the Niffaii station, was at
Monrovia, on his way to this Country,
M on ac
count of the health of his wife., The mis
sionaries at Corisco, Mr. AcKET says,
were enjoying pretty good health, and their
Work was going on as usual. Mr. NANO
sends an account of threatened - trouble from
the followers of Ukuk u, which
,for a time
endangered some of the missionary labors;
but this had ceased.
SOTJTH A.MERlOA.—Lettets ftom.Bogota,
dated to the 28th of March, mention the
safe arrival of Mr. and IVlrs. WALLAM at
the end of their journey. Brazil •is a field
of great interest, having its difficulties and
discouragements, but one that is open for
missionary labor, and this labor has`already
yielded some precious fruit
INDIAN TRIBES. —Letters from the hip
pewa and lowa missions, fartush no points
' OKINESB IN CALIFORNIA —Mr; Loomis,
in a letter dated at San Francisco, March
31, .refers to measures pendinc , b : before the
Legislature, affecting seriouslythe rights of
the Chinese in that State.; some of these
propose, by excessive taxation, to constrain
tho Chinese to leave the country.
MOVEMENTS OF MissioNAniEs. , —The
ReV. W. A. P. MARTIN, D. D, and his
wife, and' their two youngest children, em
barked on their return to Ningpo, China,
in the steamer To, Kiang, at New-York.
May 6th. We ask for them a remem
brance in the prayers of the churches.
Mr. Simori TON arrived at ileW-York from
Brazil, on a visit, on the 7th of May. Mr.
and 'Mrs. ROBERTS arrived'at Ahanghai, on
their way to Ningpo, on the Ist of Febru
ary. Mr. and 'Mrs. GEcricat arrived at
Bangkok, on the 2d of thatkponth.
FINANOTA.T. RESULTS.-7Th r e receipts of
of the Board,.for the yeiti!'ending April
30th, were $176;939.47; the expenditures,
$177,892.32; letiiing a balance against , the
treasury, of $952.85.
The Board say
"The foreign missions of our body • are
Mostly in such"circumstances as awaken
the hope of great results from . their ltbore
This, we are sure, will be:the conviction
of-every careful reader of the 'Annual Re:
port. It is therefore with no desponding
spirit that we enter upon another year. of
missionary labor. If God is blessing lift
people at home and his servants abroad in this
work, 'and if his promises authorize thal
to expect still greater blessings in it, then
let their faith be strong. We do not wish
to conceal the fact, that there lel room and`
need for tbe exercise of faith. We wish
particularly to turn the attention of our
readers to two things in the present condi
tion of the cause'of missions.
The first is this—that if several large
donations to the missionary treakury be de
ducted, amounting last year to abbut one
fourth of the whole income of the . Board,
then it• remains that the ordinary church'
collections and other usual gifts , are not
equal to the current expenditured•of the
missions, as 'they now stand. Welvish our
readers would carefully consider what is
stated on. this subject in the Annual Re
port, under the head 'of ac Finances," •near
thuitbeginning. s For the present,, we will
notieularge on this matter.
"Tba.second this--that a number , of
approved brethren are under appointment
as missionaries , ;, see ; the paragraph "Pnder
A.ptinintment," in the Report: 'Novi; fzeep
lug- the preceding statement' in view, what
ought, the COMmittee to do in regard" to
sending these - new men forth ?"•
What answeriwould the churches give,-if
all could be at once approached, to .this
question ? What Bay our readers ? " Send
them" ? Yes : sufely. There is need of
them—very great -need. Send them; and
importune the Lord in prayer, and the
Lord's people by intelligence and.entreaties,
and food and-raiment for: the laborera will
not' be wantibg. The childremgave, last
year,"` $;6;595: This year ' . thly givh
double „"th'at amount, if their youiig ) affec
tiOns are dnly.salisted. This addir4on,will,
of itsplf,,stmtajn„erta . lcrAorers
harvest. .11avelfaith in God.
Rilie BUSTS tin AprikoslB;4B4ot,
The only notices of filo Board's work
during the lest month,,relate toe°'portage
in thetarmy. This is a great field, and de
mandirthe special effort-of Christians. Now
is thelitne. •
RECEIP"iB' in April : Donations,. $1,964;, Sales;
f '$8;187. •
We quote the conclusion,of the Board's
Annual Report :
" in closing this report, we deem it not
improper to , submit a few,facts respecting,
the amount of aid needed by our feeble
churches. Twenty years ago, when the
work of church extension lay almost wholly
in those heavily timbered regions where,
log churches could be erected, and made to
serve necessary, purposes until congre
gations grew strong, one hundred dollars,
to purchase nails, glass, and the few other
cash articles nedied; was a" large amount of
aid to be given, and in most eases was 'am
ply sufficient. This state, of things no,
longer exists. The wave of population, and,
of church destitution' has rolled into those
prairie regions where log buildings are
Almost unknown, and where nearly every
article main theconstrUction of churches'
`requires the outlay of money. Moreover,
even in those localities where log cabins
once answered every puopose, the increase
of population, and the general change , in
the style of building, renders them now, in.
most cases, unsuitable.
" Accordinglyme find, that out of seven
hundred and sixty-one applications filed,
since the organization of the Board, only,
one hundred and nine, or one-seventh, were ,
for one hundred , dollars or less; and that
of the four hundredland forty seven,:differ
ent churches encouraged by appropriation's.
of the Board, , three hundred and-fifty-seven,
or four-fifths, required more than one hun
dred dollars aid. to enable them. to com
plete their sanctuaries , free of debt.
" If it be further remembered that one
hundred , dollars is but about one-twentieth
of the average cost of the churches seeking
aid from the Board, it will appear still,
more clearly that , a larger sum is , requisite
to meet their necessities. ,In most cases,
more than double that amount must be
given, unless the process of church erec
tion is, to be 'made unduly exhaustive to
our feeble churches. While, therefore, we,
have atways been hampered by, inadequate;
receipts, and have ever, felt bound to make
the scanty means put at, our disposal go as
far as possible, the experience of seven years
convinces us that• the General Assembly
ought not to expect'the five , hundred house
iess churches, still in its connexion, to se
cure unincumbered sanctuaries`with an av
erage aid of less than two hundred 'or two
hundred and, fifty dollars."
Do help this Board. Make a-fair state
ment, once• a.year, of its usefulness, and of.
the need of such an agency, and give the.
people, thus enlightened,: an opportunity to
itzosTrs in. April, $5,264.
A Pair of Politica? Champions-4 1 / 2 e , English
Synod in London—The' ,United .Presbyter ian Synod at Edinburgh—lts Statistics=A
Rejected—Dr, John. Broicin's Littrary—Ministe
rial Support—The Standard Rizing : —Chfenge as
to Theolo,qieal Professors—A Dutch ExainpleL--
United, Presbyterian -Missions--FOreign• Dernities
—Persecution in, Spain .—Thc , . of. New-Or
leans—Political Speculations as to the luture---
Slavery, , ,the -Democrats, and the Engliih:Tories.
LONDON, Nay , 1862
THE SYMPATHIES Of 'the Palmerston
Cabinet with the: cause of ; liberty
have, been of great importance in helping to
bring the Roman question nearer to the .
only sdlution of whibh it is capable ;
namely, the departure of Pins IX., the
downfall Of the Temporal Papacy, 'and the
possession by the King of Italy, of Rome,
as the capital `of his dominions. The Tior`
party in, England have shipwrecked treir
vessel just as it seemed to press into the
hairen of office and honor. For, they have
paltered with and encouraged the Ultra
montanists of Popish Ireland, they have
gladly tahen advantage of Roman Catholic
votes to: increase their numbers 'in the
House of Commons,
and they have not
only been ; guilty of vile.:heartedness and
want of sympathy with a people struggling
for emancipation from temporal and spirit
ual despotism, but patted their enemies on
the shoulder and. 'declared against 'a United
Italy. Eager for office, Mr. D'lsraeli has
come out in a new character—Las a financial
reformer, and protesting against that large
expenditure on the army and navy which
he and his party initiated in 1852. He
also tried to turn his sails—in a set oration
—to the inevitable, fall of the Pope's 'tem
poral pewer, and that in a Jesuitical way,
so as to gain the Protestants on the one
hand, and Sir G. Bowyer and the Ultra
montanists on the other.
Lord Pahnerston, in a speech of aston;
ishing ability--he is now in his , seventy.=
seventh. year—unmasked his opponent, and
quizzed him most unmercifully for his. de
parture from his avowed. principles., D'ls
raeli. had spoken of " the indep!ndiuree"
of :the Pope as dependant on the:French
occupation of Rome, and also loudly. as
serted that the French and Engliwit Gov
ernments were on very bad terms; Ibecanse
of Palmerston's Meddling with the. Papacy.
But mark ! the ex-official French:lffoniteur
prints at length Palmerston's reply, and his
declaration• that there was, perfect harmony
between the, two. Government, and con
teMptuously gives, in a' few sentences, a.
notice of lawaeli's speech.
- THE ENGLISH PRESBYTERIAN SYNOD'bee
metiii , London,-and hasTS'at till nearly the
close` of the week: The proceedings 'have
been' of the ustlal character. Reports have
been 'presented of the' , various missionary
enterprises—including thatlo China—and
also' of the College in London. Deputa
tions from Scotland and Ireland have , also'
been present Doctor Candlish; of Edin
burgh, was one of the, prominentmembers
of the Scottish' Deputation. He preaChed
last Lofd's day . morning to an overflowing
congregation, in Di': 'Hamilton's church,
Regent Square: The English` Synod now
comprehends about one hundred churches;
and has made - progress ever ,since the .Dis
ruption of the Church-of Scetland in 1843.
Its Ministers, by a Majority;woUld prefer
the use of organs and hytims and other
changes, differing from strictt,y- Scottish
traditions, so as to be , truly English in
adaptation and usefulness. But a some
what,,sterni minority- look 'on• these things
unfavorably—especially organs—and would ,
probably secede if they were enforced.
THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN. SYNOD,
held its enrolls.' meeting last week, in Edin
burgh. Very interesting statistics have
been published, based 'on returns made by
fOurteen Nesbyteties, of which the foil
lowing is a- 'summary : Number of elders;'
4,036 ; number , of students, .171:; congre
gations, 551—an increase: of 11.; commu
nicants, 167;558—increase over 1860 of
4,004. The aggregate contributions for all
PIT'TSBURGII, SATURDAY, JUNE 14, 1862.
purposes was •£205,167—the amount last
year having been £202,052. • ,
The missionary and benevolent income
last year was £42,679 ; the average contri
bution for each member being 245. 51d.
This made the average for each congrega
tion of £372. During the year there was
paid for building debt, £38,504; and for
stipends £Bo,lBs—an increase over 1551
of nearly'£s,ooo. The nuMber of baptisms
last year was 10,140 ;' there were:9oo'Sab-`
bath Schools, with 71,635,5ch01ar5; there
were 713 minister's Bible Classes, with au
aggregate attendance of 26,67.4. . The
number of conOregational libraries is 436,
having 176;162 volumes; of prayer-meet
1,089, (with an aggregate. attendance
of 52,119,) being an increase over the pre
vious year of' 118 prayer-meetings. This ~
betokens the progress of religious life, and
the same filet is indicated in the ever-rising
standard of ministerial income, the paying
off of Church debt, the increasing provision'
of residences,: for, ministers;, the generous
support to Missions at home and abroad.
In the three years,,lBs7, '5B,
.and '59, 'no
less than £87;515 church ileb‘ was paid
Off; last lear; , £35,127 . ; , total`-•for. Stir
years , £122,672. x -,i,, , t 1,-, rr:
The U. P: Church has brecomAtatieh,:a
large body that a committee was,appointed
laSt year to consider ,wheth it would not
be desirable to hive a repre nttitive Gen
eral Aisembly, and provineif SynOds. By
a, majority of eight to three, the commit
tee brought up a scheme, thtasis of which
was, that the supreme court, should consist
of an equal number of milistnrs and el
ders ; that there - should be epresentatives
from each Presbytery, and'lthat no mem
bers, either ministers
_or elders, should
represent any Presbytery, .io which they
did not, belong. A motion' was made by
Mr. Robertson, minister of, towe, in oppo
sition to the scheme. He 4 - ted that last
year the Assembly of the: free Church
consisted of 600•memberi, A gicater num
ber than thase who attended the IT; P.
Synod. He - therefore pre
c ited - againiea
scheme which would 'unnd 'Barfly reduce '
the supreme court of the Olhirch. - An el
der, in seconding the mrOon, indicated
that ambition might, have prompted the
proposal made. "I am awae that it)Gen
eml Assembly is a more dignified =tame—,:
that there is more pageanyy, and
about its commissioners and moderators,
but I have yet to learn that, any or all 'of
these things are 'among',tt'e best 'things
which a Chum* -should.letfcriestlY' covet.
They are of the earth, earthy, of men and
not of, God." - On7the otlieF‘ hlinrifwei
argued that a General Assembly was desi
rable, bdcause ' tinder the existing;reginie,
not more than half • the ministers ".and; el
ders attend the • Synod. •; By a ,show. of
hands, hewever, itwas 'decided by, A s large,
majority, "'that the' Synod" do not deem it'
expedient to press the Ideation of a• repro-'
mutative •Assembly .upon , the , 'attention of
the church." :_ ,
The library of the late Dr. Jehn Brown
-one of the nofilest and best collectione of
theological and literary worrkl in the world`
—has been purchased . by-inbseription. A.
hall , for its reception haw been fitted up by
Mr. Henderson, of Glasgow, „and; the:min
isters of the U. P. Syn‘ , la,,nd members -
o , enerally of the. Church are'tii have the
of t for ss: per annum, students' being
admitted , - free te its 'benefits: Dr. Brown
having bequeathed a .-sum of moneyi the
interest of which to herald to,an aged
minister of the IJ. P. Church, and addi
tions having,been made to it by a kind lay
man; , X7O per -annum is now available. to
alleviate, the cares, and • sorrows of one of •
the oldest pastors-of the. Church.
Of 441 congregationa giving a stipend
under X2OO Per anti*, 164 are not pro
vided with'manses;' 80 of those existing,
require alterations; repairs;or enlargement.
It, is- proposed• to raise a sum of X 45,000
to be, distributed in .grants on the princi
ple of stimulus as .well as . aid, and spread
ing the subscriptions over five years. Mr.
Maegill of Glasgow, in supporting the pro
posal, pointed out, how, the Pree'Chureh
in the midst of stupendous difficulties and
not long after' the Disruption, had raised
no less a sum for proViding house accom
modation for her pastors. Among, other
personal causes of rearet: and - mourning in
connexion with the iarful war in America,
is the crippling.- of the resources of !Chris
tian.Chnrehes, and one the best' wishes
thatri can breathe, and which I do cherish,
is, that the day may not be far away when
Presbyterian and other communities- in the
,United States,.may rise to the standard of
thEeScottish Churches i both as to the pro
vision of manses, and: of ministerial sup
port.- The increase 'of 'stipend in , the' U.
P. Church, has been ever upward for , sev
eral years past.
It is now probable that the IL P. Synod
will develop their "Theological Hall in a
very direction. I referi.first,..to
the fact that hitherto—l presume ever
since the days John .Brown of Had
dington, and Lawsen, , of Seilcirk a space
of two -months only in the Autumn-of each
has ,been devoted to 'exegetical, and theo ,
logical lectures, and= that. professorships
have been held.i - by those who were , -pastors
of churches ; and it is .so at, the , present
time.. Secondly, it has nownbeen) proposed
andi,carried, that "the Synodshonld7 ap
point -a . special •committee- to take 'thel
whole of the present arrangernents.; of
of .the. Theological - Hall ? into their earnest;
consideration; and that they institutei.an
inquiry for :the purpose of ascertaining
Whether any, and what improvements :fon •
the present system of theological training
seems_ desirable. Professors .llncisay and
Harper, confirmed by experience the de,.
sireablenesii of an entire separation for this`
work of those qualified to discharge its
duties, maintaining, most, truly that a Theo
legical Professorship is, quite suffieient, to
tax all the energies of one man. Dr.
Harper also said that the ten months.re
cess of the students was` injurious to them.
This is somewhat Modified„ however, by,
the vigilant superintendence of Presby
teries, and by stated examinations. It is
probable - that, an addition Will ere long be
made, to the staff of theol , ogical professors,
in the person of Dr: Cairns of Berwick.
He, was a student at the feet of Neander,: ,
is a first class German scholar, andewhile
very effi.eient as a,pastor and in the
the full maturity of ,his powers.can only
be, realized in
,a professor's chair. Addi-,
tional expense will of course he incurred
by the proposed changes, but in a Chureh
so- strong,' the' money iwilr , not-be- wanting.
During the discussions on this questiony- it'
was stated that twenty churches in Hol
land, humble in their means, had lately rep
solved that each of them should maintain
a student during the whole of' his theolog
The „Missions of the ,United Synod are
Heine, Foreign, and' Jewish. One great
design of the Home MiSsionary Fund, is to
supplement the stipends of ministers who
have small charges, and who yet are labor
ing in dark places. This help is only given
to those who help themselves, and many
of whose ministers are'doing not only pas
toral, but hOme-mission work. The Foreign
Missionvembrace.Jamaica, -Vfbere there are
twenty,-six congregations, to which large
accessions hive been made—the fruit of the
revival. £1:,800 . have been granted to
churches and evangelistic Societies in
; France and' Belgium: Australia also is.
embraced in the-mission field. There are,
besides these, eight F separate Foreign Mis
sion fields including forty-three stations,
and . sixty-three week-day schools, conduct
ed by thirty eight ordained "missionaries,
besides :native missionaries, medical mis
sionaries, European catechists and 'evangel
ists—a trained agency, of one hundred and
twenty-two persons, sustained at an expense
of . 417,000. That number does not in
elude the wives of the missionaries, who,
generally speaking; are most efrierifterich
ers and:very,useful, agents.
Addresses were delivered before the
Synod by Dr. Cather, The Duty of
Systematie and`Proportionate Giving`to the
Cause of. Christ " ; by' w Minister of jamai ,
ca i on - the "fruits" of missions there ; by
the Rev. ,on " The Work of the
Lord in -Belgium" ; and by,another. mis
sionary; on lc The Estimate of the Mission
Work in 'Old Calhbar," on the' West coast
of Africa. It is proposed to. establish a
medical mission to Ningpb, China. A liven
fiats of the Synod 113 about to proceed to
Italy as an eyangelist--the first sent from.
Scotland' to that country for' centuries.
THE REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN SYNOD
of &Oland met last week at Glascrow. A
Minute was prepared expressive of the
Synod's sense •of the loss - suitained by the
removal of Mr. Young, and Dr. Symington:
Ilhe Synod has a Foreign Mission in the.
South Seas, 4 in the islands of .A.necteum,.
Tonna, and. Brromange. These islands
having Suffered' terribly from'an _epidemic,
and a hurricane, both of which had seri
ously-interfered with the work of the
sionaries; the Mission Board had sent out
£lOO for their , relief. The missionaries, in
the. New Hebrides, and Loyalty Island, had
requested that a missionary" ship should , be
built and sent out; so 'that the different
islands might 'be. more frequently visited,•
and ; that there might be greater security
for themselves. Cooperation is requested
from the brethren in Nova Scotia in carry
• this proposal. Mr. Inglis, • the
Synod's missionaryin Anite'enna, haS'trans
lated the-New Testanaent - into the native
tongue, and expects soon to see-an. edition
of the Bible—one-thousand copies—printed ,
by. the British and Foreign Bible Society.
THE. TURKISH MISSION.. AID SOCIETY
has, for, years, past; , done good work in
supplementing the funds of the American
Mission in the; East. .It is doubly impor
tant now.that, this ; work should be contin
ued and extended, not only from the, ever
opening field abroad, but •from the sole
pressure on e American churches at ; ha sine ;
from the war. -
-'At . the , Anniversary , . of ,this Society,
LordShaftsbury occupied •the chair, and a
sum -of-X5,104- was-reported as the annual
receipts in the ; United- ; Kingdom This, is
a most ' gratifying proof ,of the zeal and
piety, as well as of the brotherly sympathy
of British Christians. The highest. char
acter has been given to, this work and its
agents, by. Lord, Stratford; Sir William'
Williams,, of Kars; Mr. Layard, M. P.,
the Nineveh explorer; and', others. The
Report 'at, tike : Annual Meeting congratu
lated the Society, that under the sanction
• present Ottoman ruler, missionary
work is going on successfully, and the
Bible is allowed to circulate freely in all
parts of the Empire. 'Churches, schools,'
and - missionary - stations tire rapidly rising;
many thousand natives have been convert
ed, and the numbers are constantly increas
ing The sale and distrihution of tracts
and . Bibles, in different languages, has been
very large ; and the missionaries, as a •rule,
are received- with kindness by all classes
of Society. One cannot forget, in connex
ion with this great and good work, the life
and `°labors of the lamented Dr. Dwight.
Twice have l seen him at the Committee
Breakfast of the Tract Society.. He was
greatly respected in London, and;his death,
so, sudden, and under such peculiarly pain
ful eircumsta,nees, was noted with saddened
THE NATIONAL PROTESTANT SOCIETY,
in its report; referred to the "great pro
gress " making by , the Boman Catholics,
who now-po.ssess, in , Great. Britain, .1,388
priests,-1,019 chapels, 60 monasteries, 162
nunneries, and, 12 colleges., There is no
doubt that the Papacy has a special eye on
dreat Britain, and that it lavishes immense
sums on these "ziartes infideles." Ido not
believe, however, that they are: successful ,
in= the conversion' of Protestants : theirAl
lowers and adherents:are -mainly made up
of Irish immigrants.
The persecnting spirit of Popery contin
ues in. full force, wherever 'it can' show
itself .No redress Ints"been' , obtained 'for
Matamoros, and , the,other , Bible readers in
Spain, who ..have,,beenteondemned, to' eleven
years imprisonment , at- the Wiles , . The
Spanish authorities have also interfered
with and suspended Protestaut - worship
con ducted Eby. an. Eriglislrelergyman: in the'
British, Vice-Consul's' house at Seville. - A
remonstrance has been addressed,' h3r Earl
Russel, through the Ambassador at'Madrid,
to the Spanish aovernment. The outrage
is all the- greater bemuse, according to in
ternational usage, • Foreign. Consuls are
allowektohold Protestant worship on the
THE FALlkkie NBW. ORLEANS hafif vexed,
the Times; and Tory party:. -The hope.of.a
not. distant , eml.to-the conflict; and of the
victory of the North;over they South—end
ing not in subjugation .but in' reconcilia
tion—is now dominant in many quarters.
The loss of life is greatly deplored, and
future bloodrcollisions are •earnestly depre
catedy although: the apprehensionids
ere the rebellion is , quelled there will be; at ,
least one dread.; and destructive conflict
God in his greatamercy.willil trust,- short
en: these i days .of ,vengeauce, and.also pre
vent :any compromise whieht will end
reestablishingi Slivery in as place of E dom
inance. and. oppressions.. Presiderkt <Lincoln
is believed, brall men here; to :bean hon- ,
estand earnest philanthropist and patriot,
and if the policy which i r has-initiated,.of
gradual but sure emancipatimbe thwarted
the best. people of 'England:would deeply
grieve: • The' Tory journals and the Pimes
WHOLE NO. 507.
would rejoice, I presume; and Southern
independence—slavery retained would
please them best. I believe firmly that all
will issue in God's own way; for his glory ;
for the chastening and purifying of a great
people, and for the cause of freedom and
truth all over the world. J.W.
Eternity 1 Eternity !
How long art thou. Eternity r
A little bird, with fretting beak,
Might, wear to naught the loftiest peak,
Though, but each thousand years it came;
Yet thou wort then as now the same.
l'onder, 0 man, Eternity?
How long art thou, Eternity !
0 man, full oft thy theughtsahould dwell
Upon pains of sin and hell,
And on the glories of the peer,'
That -both beyond all time endure. •
"Ponder, o , man, Eternity.
Eternity ! Eternity! •
How long art'thou, EternitY-I
marks thee wellwould say to Ged,
Here judge, burn; unite me . with 'thi rod,
Here let me all thy justice bear ;,
When time of-grace .is past, then spare,
Ponder, Oman, Eternity,
How long art thou, Eternity I
Le, Eternity, warn thee,
O man, that thou oft think on me,
To sinners, punishment and pain,
To 'them that love their God, rich gain
Ponder, man, Eternity!
From our •owulorrespondent.
COLUMBUS, OHIO, May 26
The Assembly has closed its sessions,
having accomplished its work with credit
to itself and with benefit,- I trust, to, the
Church and the cause. It , was ,a body of
men, on whose faces one could hardly fail
to notice the indications of intelligence, in
tegrity and benevolence. Their business
and withal intercourse, - while together, was
very pleasant, and they parted with mutual
regrets. There were some reunions of
brethren, who had not met for twenty or
thirty years. I met with several after a
separation of even a longer 'period. Youth
had passed and the vigor of middle life ;
and some symptoms of the aged, and. ven
erable period had made their appearance,;
but, the meeting and the recognition and
the hearty greeting failed 'not to show the
presence, and:vigor 'of the%olds kind feelings
" .1 That Vessed .our youthful • days."
The meeting with some:of our New-School,
brethren, who spent a : &Tor two among
us, on their return from their Assembly,
was a source of mutual gratification.
I 'heard no complaints of intrigue or'
trickiness in the transaction of the busi
ness, such as are sometimes uttered: in the
free speech of the lobby and, occasionally,
on the floor of the house. :This May be
attributed to -the absence of " leading"
meinbers—long may it. continue ! --and,
perhaps, also to the absence of some esp ec i a l
kinds of business -which have often been
known to invelie considerable mance' iver
ing and management.
Ilhe Revised Book of Discipline was
again; allowed another year's, probation : is
this the fifth or • sixth. postponement ?
runs parallel with the Church Commentary
—both having a great future history, as, per
haps, in the inception., of both, there was
a dimitentive grain of personal vanity. The
Boards of the Church, as indicated by their'
Reports, -have been blessed by. the Head , of
the Church, beyond what, a feeble 4 faith an
ticipated, a year a:go. These useful agen
dies were, this year, measurably exempted
from• severe criticism and castigation.
Even the Board of Publication, was ruffled
by only a very gentle breeze. The tone of
the Assembly in regard to candidates for
the ministry and the duties of PresbYteries
toward them, was very sound, and indicates
the awakening of a„needed caution at that
point. The , only direct oversight of can
didates, previous to, their entering on theo
logical studies, was exercised by teachers
of Academies and Colleges, who reported
not to Presbyteries but to the Board of
Education. The Assembly is for having
the Presbyteries do their duty and not leave
it to partie,s of whom they know nothing.
An allusion was made, by some one, in
the house, to the mode of nominating mem
bers of the Boards, in our Church. There'
is certainly a more fair and republican , way.'
According to the present ,method, the elec—
dolt is virtually made by the Board itself,
or rather, by its Executive Comtnittee.
Some three years ago, when a special and
personal interest stirred up a deal that might
well' be dispensed with in Church matters,
not only were nominations forwarded to the
Asseinbly, but printed ballots were for-,
warded to facilitate the election. It is true,
the nominations are made to the Assem
bly •by its own committees on the ' several'
Boards; but that only shows that its com
mittees, the very means through. which: the
Church's control and oversight of the Boards
is conducted, receive hints, suggestions, nom
inations and - what not, from these executive
committees. The system of Boards was
originally adopted by the Asseitibly and ap
,proved by the Church, as preferable 'to
the previous system of voluntary Societies;
over which the ChUrch had no control. This
control demands reports* and , free elec
tions: :The Assembly, whose right and duty
it is, to elect, is surely competent to nominate.
If it receive its annual list, of, nominations
from' Boards and from Directors of Seini
naries, and elect them as a - matter of course;
the ;routine Soon becomes easy and devia
tion from it difficult; .and -these establish
ments become ":close corporations," per
petuating themselves and using the As
sckmbly form and show. Ido not'say
that they 'have reached this length : I speak
of , tendeneies.- And: tendencies - may' be in
full force,,though not in free or rapid flow.
I have said nothing shoot the tone and
action of the Assembly, on the state of the
country ; and r do not mean to say intibh;
The action of the bddy shows its tone—Liti
telligent, patriotic independent of ,!party
polities;indiffermieto growling demagogues.
A few; from the scenes agitated and, alarmed
by the insurrection, were timid and per
plexed. "I was glad that there appeared; no
disposition to' harrass 'or 'Vic:4.ff) , subli.
They are in a trying position.' Providence
wills ere lonprelieve them, I have never,
in, ecclesiastical, or any other assemblies,,
seen so small a minority treated with more
courfeey.., Atict this is the More remark
afile, in 'view ••ofthe exciting nature >of the
subject; and it shows ,that the Asiembly
were not acting , as -a; political ; . body, :but,-
TB3 PRESBYTERIAN BANNER
GAZETTE BUILDINGS ) 84 FIFTH Bw., Prefssmunt, FA:-
I . IIIIADELPHIA, SOUTH-WEFT COIL 02 7TH AND COMITNUt
TERMS IN ADVANCE
A Square, (8 lines or lane,) one insertion, 60 cents; each
subsequent insertion, g 0 cents;.. each line beyond eight, 5 die
A Square per gnat:tut, $4.00 ; each line additional, 83 cents!
A REDTICTION made to advertisers by the year.
BUSINESS NOTICES of TEN-lines or Icee, $l.OO each ad
ditlonal line, 10 cents.
DAVID 14 4 KINNE Y lc CO.,
PZOPRILITOBE3 AND PllBLlBlizike
under a sense of their obligation to God
and their country, as Christian men.
The more I see of Assemblies, the more
I am convinced of their very great influ
enceand the more I am persuaded, that,
in order to make that influence safe and
beneficial, the Assemblies must be free.
They must !do actually what they profess to
do, in the way of appointments and elec
tions, and, with the dignity of • an enabled
judge, isnore and decline.the nominations,
suggestions, and counsels of the interested,
wire-pullers who are located, here and there,
over the land, _from Beersheba even . unto
That the "Church, in all her interests,•
may prosper—that peace and purity may
prevail—that Zion may enlarge her bor
ders, and that her citizens may abound,
should be the prayer, and desire of, every
good Presbyterian. ' J. P. 31.
For the Presbyterian Butner
Pvesbyiery of Zanesville.
This body met according to adjournment
in the Presbyterian church il opiceonnells
yille,LottAlicoadtffir Vut owing to the
fact' that comparatiVely few members were
able , to. get there, on account othigh' water,
it adjourned to meet at the same place on
Tuesday, the 6th ,of May, at 2 o'clock P.M.
On.that day Presbytery was full, there be
ing eighteen ministers and seventeen Rul
ing Elders present. Rev. M. R. Miller
was chosen Moderator ' 'and Rev. J. R. Dun
can, Temporary Clerk.
Much important business was transacted
with great dispateh, and in the most har
monious manner. Five young men of
great promise; were licensed to preach the
Gospel, viz. : llenry Fulton, Ales. S. Mil
holland, Gee. M. Miller, R. W. Hill, and
James M. Maxwell.
These young men are, all students of the
Western Theological Seminary.
Their examination' exercises and services
were all highly creditable - both to themselves
and to the time-honored school of the
Prophets from which, they came.
The pastoral relation between Rev. John
Arthur and the church of Hopewell was
dissolved—also that between Rev. W. M.
Robinson and the church of Newark. Rev.
M. A. Hoge, having received and accepted
a call from the Westminster church, Cleve
land, was released *am the Second church
Rev. W. M. Ferguson, having been called
all his time to the church of Washington,
was permitted to give up the portion of
time heretofore given to the church of Sen
eeaville. This latter church has become
one of the , most active and vigorous in the
Presbytery.:: Having in seven years more
tban quadrupled its-membership, and erect
ed a fine new church edifice—contemplates
calling a pastor'' all'his time. Few churches ,
are in amore prosperous and happy condi
tion than this: May God continue to bless
this dear people, is the prayer of one who
has reason to love 'them.
W. M. Ferguson was elected Stated
Clerk, in place of W. M. Robinson, re
signed;. and M. A. Hoge having resigned
the office of Treasurer, J. M. Platt was
elected in his place. •
Rev. C. C. B. Duncan was received from
the Presbytery of Deamoinet; and Rev. R.
Slide, from that of St Louis. The former
gentleman received . calls from the churches
of Deerfield ;. Oakfield,: and Bristol. Those
from Deerfield and. Oakfield were put into
his hands. Mr. Shide received a call from
the Salem. German church Of Newark,
which he was permitted to retain for future
The churcheamf Brownsville, Mt. Pleas
ant, Evans' Creek, Linton, New Philadel
phia, TJrichiville, Zanesville 2d, Rush
Creek, Bethel; Senecaville, Bristol, Madi
son, Muskingum', and Newark, were allowed
to supply theniselvea mntil the next regular
meeting of Presbyter.t.
f.d3ros. Messrs. Hunt, Moore, Marquis,
and Logan, together with the churches of
Coshocton, Keene, Clark, Linton, Evans'
Creek, New Philadelphia, and Uriehsville,
were remived from the Presbytery of oo
shoctonrhaving. been, set off to this Pres
bytery by an,aet of the Synod of Ohio.
Revs. Robinson and Alexander, with
Elders Wm Shard' and E. Burlingame,
were chOsen 'Commissioners to the late
General Assembly. Revs. Miller and Dun
can', with Elders Wm., Moore and W. C.
Winegardeer, their alternates.
An overture relating to the particular
functions of Deacons and Trustees, was an
swered, That Deacons, as such, could not
be: a party in the making or holding of
deeds of church, property, since Trustees
are the only body known to the civil law."
A number of the churches reported full
settlements with the pastors, others, in
A Paper; on 44 The Crisis," by Rev. Mr.
Miller, was first laid on the table, and
afterwards taken up and indefinitely post
The following -supplies were appointed,
viz : , v •
,41 - arietta.--july, Mr. Irwin° ; August,
Mr.. Grimes--to administer the Lord's Sup
. Cioss Rocid.4.—(Last Sabbath of each
month,) Mr. Reed, iin May; 'Mr. Russell,
in June; 'mine, in July; .and Mr.
C.. 0. 8.. Duncan ; in August—to ylminist l er
the Lord's Supper.
This is now the largeSt Presbytery in the
Synod of 'Ohio': It numbers thirty minis
ters and thirty-six churches. Ms, six li
centiates and two candidates. :It has the
control of the Miller- Aeidelity;at Wash
ington, now tinder the. care ,oW Rev. J. E.
AleXander comairwelhqualifiedifor the post.
he has scr fang: and acceptably filled.
Some important,vacancies are now in this
Presbytery; which. , s itis hoped• will soon be
filled with,active andefficient men.
The church of , McConnellsville is iin a
prosperous,'condition, under their much
loved-pastor,Mev. W. Morris Grimes.
The.bespitable manner in which4the peo
ple, of -this pleasant• town have entertained
the ,- Members of Presbytety, was ,a matter
of <general commendation and elicited a
most cordial vote of thanks before adjourn- ,
went: Presbytery adjourned to . E Meet in
Coshocton =on the, i 341 i Tuesday, 06th), of
September next; at 2 , o'clock P. M.
W. M. FERGUSON,. Stated Cie*.
44 Tool:wow - aim who. is the way, the
.truth , and then ife,' is the sum -Und..sub
stance of Christian. faith. To ba.like;.u-nta
Him, who left us 'f an example, liat' we
should follow his, steps,' is the perfection
of Christian, Practice— In this Christian
country blessed be God ! thil lay members
of our'Cliurcli : have 'Tull opportunity of
knowing. , these • thingi and 'happy are
theyi,ifdthey Van Al