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Volv . - . 0.-Nedicts.
JEXT BOOK Ok i bittritdit tasToillr:?:ty Dr
Jaw /bury Eariz, Professor of TheOlogy, in
the University of Dorpar : Author of " A Man 7
Vial of Stthed History," "The. Bible and As
tronomy.," etc., etc. Vol. 11. Prom the Ref
'(inflation to the 'present tithe. Philadelphia:
Lindsay. Blakiston, Stretch, ,Ettgliph 4- co.
Pittsburgh : 'Robert S. Debris.' '1862.
The previous vofome of this work has prepared
the way for a co:trail irekturie to the present one.
This, however, ie a direct American translation,
by the Rev. J. H. 4 7 Bomberger, D.H., of Phila
delphia., and the Rev. John Beck., of Easton, Pa.,
from the original instead of the re-publication of
a foreign translation ; but on this account it will
be none„ the lesa,highly prized. Among living
Chu.roh Historian's, none have been so successful
in preparing text-books on this great and im
portant subject as Dr. Kurtz. He is a Lutheran,
and it is always to be kept in mind that he views
every thing from this stand-point, which is not
with him a mere name, but a controlling princi
ple. Hence there are occasionally partialities of
ishat.Arrtenist, into. vridch.'lTte hai been led by hiti de
nominational preferences; but these can be rea
dily corrected b' every intelligent student.
No othbr , Mattittrof Chbrohhiatory has entered
so fully into the spirit of the Reformation, or has
discussed so thoroughly its causes, progress, and
results;, until the present time. Great attention
has been given to dates, contemporaneous events,
and authorities. ' Along with D'Aubignd, the
author takes the true ground, that the Reforma
tiorntiTailled. forth" l y deep anxieties for the
salvation, of the soul, 4, against which Romish
tradition had sealed the Sacred Scriptures, and .
ROmish indulgenses and justification by works
had barred faith in Christ." While discussing
particulars and ,examining carefully the minutest
Matters, Dr. Kurtz takes also broad.views, and
adopts comprehensive generalizations. He treats
Modern Church _history as presenting four . Belie
ratefo rms of,development by
,which its division
into as pony periods is justifiable. The First pe
rind pf gip Agq of [he Re,formation, the 16th cen
tury, in which the reformatory German Church
life was soparated from the Roman-German, and
their reciprocal relations , became fixed. The
Second period, extending beyond the 17th century,
was that of the general conflict between the lead
ing particular Churches, and exhibits their free
and..independent; ; developpent. It :is distin
guished as Me 'age of orthodo x y, , and of the su
premaoy of confessions of faith.rathe Third pe
riod, reaching to the commencement of the 19th
century, infidelity, in'thS forms of Deism, Ration
alism, and Naturalism, began to assert its author
ity. The Fourth period, beginning with the pre
sent century, includes our own times, whtch the
author charttoterizes by revived faith invigorated
by its triumphant 'conflict with Rationalism,
branching out on the "side of Protestantism, into
Latitudinarian Unionism and strict Confessional
ism, whilst the Romish Church mounts to the
very bight of the most zealous Ulra-Afontanism,
and i infidelity .assumes new and decidedly an
tiOhilittan forms, in the shape of Pantheism, Ala
teridlism, and Communism, and seeks the removal
of every thing'distinctively Christian in Church
and State, in science and faith, in social and po
Those parts referring to the British and Amer
ican churehes_are somewhat meagre and de
fective. But these wants'can be easily supplied
by the competent teacher or the intelligent stu
dent. It is also .proper to mention - that Dr.
Kurtz does not seem to understand fully the na
ture of the revival spirit in the American
ChpTaltes l certainly 'ePetik of it
with more respect and pious, affection. In this
connexion we may be allowed.to direct attention
to an erroneous statement of the author, into
which he has been led by some one, and which
should have been corrected by tbe translators.
He gives the number of believers in the 'United
States in the .foOleries of artim'al inagnetism,
table-turnings, .and; spiritual knockings, at three
millions! Notwithstanding the multitude of un
settled and weak ,h,eads thus led astray, the
above statement is nothing more nor less than a
We have given this lengthy notice of this
work because of the high estimate we place upon
it, and from a desire that ministers, students;and
general readewrokty.haye a . tutie idea of its char
acter and contents. We are fully persuaded
that it supplies a want long felt; by the student
of ecclesiastioal history, and that; It will not soon
be supplanted by any rival.
MEMOIR, LETTERS, AND, REMAINS OF
ALEXIS DE - I , oggugylLLE, Author of
" Democracy in America." Translated from
the 'Frezich by the Tranalatdi of Napoleon's
Correspondence. with King Joseph. With
large Additions. In two volumes. Pp. 430,
442. Boston: Tianor 4- Fields. New-York:
Sheldon f t Co.. Pittiburgh:, Robert S. , Davis.
De Tocqueville 'is a name long familiar to in
telligent Americans. In early life he visited
this country, not merely for the purPose of see
ing our rivers, lakes, forests, prairies and pro
ductions, but for the-purpose of studying Amer
icans and' merican institutions. And. his work,
" Democracy in America," published, shortly
atter his return, was the first elaborate attempt
of any foreigner to give a fair view of our insti
tutions and capacities. And if European states
men had now the clear-sightedness and magna
nimity of De Tocqueville, we would have a sym
pathy from abroad, now in a great measure de
nied us by the pe r liticians . ottl4 Old World.
These volumes present their distinguished sub
ject in a great variety of interesting lights. We
have here his familiar correspondence and his
maturest thoughts on the gravest publia con
cerns. ' He stands before us as one of the most
accomplished and instructive of conversers, and
as the practical politician of rare and broad
views. Altogethe.p it, is a lively, genial, and re
liable account of the feelings and thoughts of
one of the greatest and purest of the Frenchmen
of modern times.
This , edition is superior- to'the French on two
accounts. First, in that edition-many things said
by De Toqueville, concerning England are omit
ted as ,being, uninteresting to Frenchmen, and,
Secon . d, his criticisms of the past'and his antici
pations of the : future with respect to France,
were 41togetker pp. - free to be allowed publi
cation then. But both of these are combined in
the present volume, and.brought out in the best
style of Ticknor Fields:
MISTAKES OF EDUCATED. MEN. AN AD
'Dlima. By Johii S. Hart,' L.D.:E SecOnd
edition. Philadelphia: J. C. Garn;quea, pub
lisher, No. 148 South Fourth Street. 1862.
This address was delivered before the Pherna
kosmian Bei:slaty, of Pennsylvania college, at the
Annual Commencement, Sept.
.18, - 1861. So
great has,been the demand for it that the edi
tion of the Society has been exhausted, and
the author has issued it in ,a neat book of 77
pages. This is one of the few College orations
that will amply repay perusal find preservation.
Would that every 'student and professional man
in the United States.viould carefully read this
admirable address, in which are so many of the
most valuable suggestions and warnings needed
by all such. The price in cloth is 50 cents; in
paper covers 25 cents. -
ANNIVERSARY SERMON, preached in the
First Presbyterian church,—MoKeesport, Pa.,
on Sabbath morning, November 47;1861. By
Rev. R. Y. Wilson. Published by request.
This Sermon includes the early-history of the
chureh in Meßeeep f ort, slong with an, account of
the results nf Ave . years of labor,'by the present
pastor. We are pleased to see •so many of 'our
ministers preparing the history of 'their respec
tive congregations, and that the people value
these efforts so highly as to ask them •forpubli
A 3118SIONAIM ADDRESS.. By 8r0.,-17. Wat,
Beliverod i pt Brooklyn, Oct. 16, 1861, be
for" As jffacid of.Now-York, by its- appoint
blisSed' by request of the Executive
''":Coffp. , tree of t,lteßoardof Foreign 'ldissions
Preabytiti4Church. - • • .
The Destroyer and His Victim,
On a hot Summer day, a gentleman sat
down to think over a subject on which his
mind was greatly troubled. He was won
dering how it was that so many of the young
men of his acquaintance had yielded to
temptation, and been listroyed. He was
wondering how the great tempter could so
soon gct them entangled in his nets, and
never -let them loose again till they were
While he was thinking over the subject,
he saw a worm moving along softly in the
footpath. He moved quietly and without
any fear. a Now," said the gentleman to
himself, " that poor worm can go sathly,
though it has no reason to guide it. There
lies in wait no destroyer to entangle it, while
our young men, with reason and conscience,
are destroyed by scores!" Just then he saw
a spider dart across the path, about a foot
in front of the worm. She did not. appear
to be thinking of the worm, nor ; the worm,
of her. When she got quite across the
path, she stopped and stood still. The worm
kept on, but soon was brought 'to a stand by
a small cord, too small for our, eyes to see,
which the spider had spun as she rushed
before him. Finding himself stopped, the
worm turned to go back. The instant he
turned, back darted the, spider, spinning a
new cord behind her. The poor worm, was
now brought up a second time, and twisted
and turned every way to escape. Ile seem
ed now to suspect some mischief, for he ran
this way and that way, and every time he
tamed, the spider darted around him, weav
ing-another rope.. There gradually was no
space left for him, except in the direction of
the hole of the spider!- That way was left
open, but on all other sides, by darting across
and around, the space was gradually growing
less. It was noticed, too, that every time
the worm turned toward the hole of the
spider, he was instantly hemmed in, so that
he could not get back quite as far as before.
So his very agony eentinually brought him
nearer to' the place of death ! It took a full
hour to do all this, and by that time the
worm was broumht close to the hole of the
destroyer. He now seemed to 'feel that he
was helpless, and if he could have screamed,
he doubtless would have_ done so. And
now the spider eyed him a moment, as if
enjoying his terror, and laughing at her
own skill, and then darted :ou; hbn and
struck him with her, fangs. Instandy the
life began to flow out. Again she, struck
him, and the, poor thing rolled over in ag
ony, and died. Mrs. Spider now hitched
one of her little ropes to her victim, and
drew him into her hole, where she feasted
at her leisure, perhaps con - tiling over the
number of poor victims *hom she had de
stroyed in the same ;why before.
When I see a boy
company, and who listeni to their profane
and licentious conversation, I think of the
spider and her victim.
When I see a boy,breaking the'Sabbath,
by going off to fish, to swim, or to play-;
When I see one disregardin g his father
and mother, and doing what he; knows will
When I see 0110 occasionally going to the
oyster cellar, and to the drinking saloon in
When I see one going to the theatre,
where nothing 'good, but, all evil, is dis
When I have reason to suspect that he
takes money from his father or his employ
er, which is , none of his, but which he hopes
Why, I always think of the spider and
her victim, and mourn that the, great De
stroyer is weaving his meshes about every
such boy,, and is drawing him toward his
own awful home I The dead are 'there I
Yohn Todd, b. D.
The Contented Cripple.
"I saw in says Dr. Dwight, "a
poor cripple, who had been, brought there
lately from a place in the Taurus IVlou,n
-tains, and who was rejoicing in the,hope of
the Gosr.l. The hovel that he,was in would
not have been ± considered fit for animals in
America. It was built of mud, had only the
ground for a floor, and a single low room.
He was lying on his back, with nothing
under him but a piece of coarse hair bag
ging, and his head-was supported by a very
small and thin straw pillow, resting upon
a pile of stones. He was covered. with
rags and filth, and his bodily infirmities, ex
cited our deepest pity. His bony hailds
were drawn firmly together, so that he
could by,no means open them, and his el
bows were quite stiff. The flesh was gone
from both hands and arms, and I presume,
in a great measure, from his whole body.
If ever there was in this world an object
of pity, ,that man was such an object.
And yet, from the time we entered the
room until we left it, he never uttered one
word of complaint, never even spoke of his
pains and sufferings, or of his poverty;
but his whole conversation and his whole
appearance were those of a.most perfectly
contented, cheerful, and happy man. For
twenty years he has been in this crippled
condition, unable to move his limbs; and
before that he was i s robber, and lived by
his own wickedness.
"Four years ago, while in his mountain
village, he first heard of the Protestants.
Afterward some copies of the New Testa
ment found their way to his village, and one
of them was read from in his hearing. A
native Potestant first explained . to him the
Gospel way of salvation ; and two years
ago be thinks he received by faith the Lord
Jesus Christ, and ever since he has been
filled with peace and joy.
"Many a king and emperor might well
envy him his lot. Within the, last year,
notwithstanding all the discouragements of
his condition, he has actually learned to
read, and now he keepa the New Testament
by his side, and from time to time comforts
his desolate heart by readincr from its sa
cred pages. [le appears to be -somewhat
over fifty years of age. Truly, here is a
miracle of grace. I asked him if he felt
that his sins were .forgiven. Yes,' said
he, 'by the grace of God our Saviour, jest's
Christ, I have found peace. I have no
hope in anything else but Christ, but
through him I have peace and joy.' He
said be had no, fear of death left, but was
ready to depart whenever it should be God's
will. I asked particularly,about the terms
on which, the. sinner can be admitted to
heaven. Said he; It is all by, the free
grace of God. Nothing that the sinner
can, do can ever avail to purchase pardon
and eternal life. Even if he were to col
lect a heap of silver as high as from earth
to heaven it would all avail nothing.'
Oh ! what power there is in the Gospel
of Christ to enlighten and transform so
dark a mind, and to put hope and life and
peace into such a soul! A few years ago
he was an ignorant, degraded, hardened,
and abandoned wretch. And 1301 V, if any
body were to look into his hovel, and see
him drawn up: and withered by disease,
and often racked with pain, lying neglected
upon the hard ground, he would , feel that
he was• the most miserable of all human
being . s. And yet ,there are few happier
men in this wide world."---Mcthoclist New
Last Halar,af a General
Who can reflect, without sadness, on the
closing moments of the gallant General
Niel? His life-long dream had been to
obtain the little baton and ribben of Mar
shal of France. He could not, sleep after
seeing it conferred on McMahon, as a re
ward, of valor in the battle. of Magenta.
aeforjs, the - ilext engageitieni;, `-he„,tolithis
PRESBYTERIAN BANNER.- 7 .,-!sArr.:T.J . Rp , A.y, FEBRUARY; 2., 1862.
friends that this time he would win the
prize he so much coveted. The'conflict was
over, and they sought,him anxiously upon
the gory field. They found. him almost
crushed beneath his dying war-horse, and
the practised eye of tile surgeon. told him
that life would soon be over. Word was
sent to the Emperor, who quickly arrived,
and taking from his own breast the badge
of Marshal of France he placed it over the
heart of his faithfui follower. The life
long dream was realized, and with a single
throb of exultant - joy and gratitude, he
threw his arms about the ne.ck of his- sov
ereign—the neXt .instant he fell,back in
the embrace of a stronger king.-7-I,'resbyte
For the Presbyterian Banner.
"-But the. Dove F,gund no ,ReBt for the Sole of
.lier Foot, and She Returned untolim into
A,littla dove, on timid wing,
Sent from the ark by Noah's hand;
She soared aloft and tried to sing,
While wand'ring o'er a sin-onrsed land. -
•Bat ah ! this little, trembling bird'
Could find no place on which to ;rest ;
The roar of waters still was heard—
She found no Place to build hei nest.
Then baelvehe flew, nor look'd'behind,
But hastened on with rapid, wing ;
Noah, cempassio4ate and kind,
Put forth his hand and:took.her, in.
Thus God; in sympathy and love
For,.4.dama'S fallen, sinful race, .
Sent his own Son from heaven above,
To build our souls a .hiding-place.
'T.is here we finda.aweet repose,' •
Though foaming billows round us roar:; -
We sail above our.ears, and foes,
Striving, to reach the heavenly shore.
But.when we leave this ark of love—
Forsake this soft and downy nest—
OnrWen l 7 feet, Ike Noah'lt 3 :49ive,
Can find no place on which to rest.
'T is thenwe turn and look behind,
Weary of earth, and tired of sin ;
Then back we fly, and God, still kind,
Gently receives. and, takes us in.
0 let me ever here renmin, '
Within.this ark, nor wish, to roam •
awarding my soul from sin's dark stain,-
Till God, my-Father, calls me home.
Sharon, Ohio, 10. 1862
111 r. Adams on the Constitution.
Shortly after the election of John Quincy
Adams to, the Presidency, while he was re
ceiving,an assemblage of his,fellovv-citizens
at Baltimore, a young, man, slightly inebri
ated, and who was known as a violent par
tisan of Jackson,came 'up,. to be introduced'
others. Taking Mr. .A's hand,,,he
said, with maudlin gravity;, ‘i I:call (hie
up) to pay (hic-up) my respect to the Pres
ident—but (hic-ap) , I'm a' Jackson man,
sir, and hope, sit, you'll take good care, of
our great and glorious Constitution. " I
will, sir," replied Mr. Adams : " do my
best to take good 'care of the Constitution
of: the :United States ; and I hope," he
added in a whisper, , still holding the young
man's hand; " I hope you will take, as good
eare, : of yours."
No stream flows so smoothly but that
somewhere on its surface a ripple appears,
and no married life but has here and there
moments of disagreement. Two human
beings who have not yet = become perfect,
cannot : be perpetually together without
sometimes thinking differently and willing
in opposition to ond 'another. I know that
there are here and there a husband and
wife who are conscious of no , such opposi
tion, wlo can look over possibly years of
uninterrupted cornmunings and undivided
purposes, and who might easily suppose
that it is because they evermore are the
same in thought and purpose. But, I take
it. it is rather that impelled by a mutual
affection:, and keen-sighted wisdom, they
have unconsciously learned to allow n othing
for a moment'to stand between their hearts.
To accomplish this, a husband and wife
must gua9Yl against the beginning of es
trangements. The lastiug alienations, the
separations,,the divorces, do not spring at
once out of some great violation of conju
gal duty, but are the perfected fruits of lit
tle estrangements. A word or even a look
sometimes, like a small break in a dyne,
becomes a vast crevasse through which
pours a flood of unhappiness. Nay, it:may
be a positive nothing,, only. a neglect which
may be the foundation stone of untold trii6 7
cry.. It is noticed and felt, but pride for
bids-any explanation or any questioning.
Each notices the other's coldness,
neither can come to the', point of asking
what is in the way. Meanwhile the peace
ful consciousness of mutual,, agreement
broken up, and each: is unhappy, and, I
may add, each conscious of wrong. In this
state of mind, a new offence is easily given
and more easily taken, and the breach is
wider and wider. The process may go on
till wife, or husband, Terhaps both,,begin
to seek in the society of others, what they
have lost in their own, and, /.t,- last, em
barked on a troubled ,and.rapid,strearn,,in
some, dark hour.they are hurried , into crime
and are lost to each other forever.
In connexion with the improved, bee
hive, illustrated in.our last numberove pub
lish the following curious facts, which have
long since, been ascertained, but which we
extract, in this form;,from the adinirable
article'on the bee, in Appleton's New Ameri
can Cyclopedia: . ,
The queen bee is the largest, being 8i
lines in length, the' males being seven, and
the workers, six; her abdomen is longer in
proportion, and has two ovaria of considera
ble size ; Iter wings are so short as,hardly
to a-each beyond the third ring, ancl, her
color is of a deeper yellow. She is easily
recognized by the slowness of •her: march,
by her size, and by the respect and atten
tions paid to hell' she lives in the interior
of the hive, and, seldorudeparts from it un
less for the purpose of being, impregnated
or lead out a new hwarm ; if she be re
moved from the hive the whole swarm will
follow her. The queen governs the whole
colony, and is in fact its mother,she being
the 'only breeder opt of twenty thousand or
thirty thousand bees; on this account she
is loved, respected and obeyed with all the
external marks of affection and devotion
which human subjects could give to a be
loved monarch; -
The eggs and< larva of, the royal family
do not differ in appparance from those of
the werkers but the you no. are more care
r fully nursed and, fed to repletion with `a
more -stimulating kind of food, which
causes them to grow so rapidly that in five
days 'the larva is prepared to pin its web,
and.on the sixteenth, day becomes a perfect
queen. But, as only one queen can reign
in the hive, the young ones are kept cloSe
prisoners, and carefully guarded' against the
attacks of the queen mether, as long 81)
there is any prospect of her leading,anoth
er swarm from the hive; ,if a new swarm
is not to be sent off; the workers allow . the
approach of the old queen to the royal
cells, and she immediately commences the
destructicti , • of the royal brood-by stinging
them, one ;after the :other; while they re
main in the cells.
Huber observes that the cocoons of the
roya,Parva areopen behind and he believes
this is a provisiom of-Nature , to enable, the
queen. AR,AIt3stX O Y449„ y4u1?g,1040. 1 in :the
ordinary cocoon, would be. safe against her
sting. 'When the old queen departs with
a swarm, a young,,obe is liberated, who:im
mediately seeks the destruction of her,sis
ters,, but is prevented by 'the guards ;
if she ' departs with - anotl3er swarm,
a second queen is liberated, and so
on, until farther swarming is impossible
from the diminution of the numbers or
the coldness of the weather; then the
reigning queen is 'allowed. to kill all 'her'
sisters. If two queens should happen to
corne out at .the same time; they instantly
commence a mortal combat, and the survi
vor is 'recognized as the sovereign; the
other-bees favor the battle, form wring, and
excite the combatants, ex.actly as in a hu
man prize fight.
Experiments amply prove that, on the
loss of the queen the hive is thrown into
the greatest confusion; the inquietude
whi4L commences in one part is ,speedily
communicated to the Whole i, the bees rush
from the hive,,and 'seek the queen in all di
rections ; after some hours all becomes quiet
auain and the labors are ' resumed. If
tierebe no eggs - nor hived in the combs the
bees seeni tolose`their faculties; they cease
to labor and to collect food, and the whole
community scion dies: 'But if there be
brood in the combs the labors continue as
follOws :—having selected a grub, not more
than three days old;tlie workers sacrifice
'three icontignous:`cella that 'the cell of the
•grub auay , be , Made into a royal cell; they
supply it with the peculiarly. stimulating
,jally„r,esqved for the queens, and at the
end of the usual sixteen days the larva of a
,worker is metamorphoSed into a queen.
This fact, whieh ,Tests on indisputable au
thority, is certainly a most remarkable nat
uralprovisiou .for the preservation of the
livesof the colony.' While a hive remains
without a queen, swarming can never take
'place, however crowded it may be. The
possibility of changing the worker into a
queen is taken advantage.of in the forma
tion' fzlf artificial. swims, by which the
'amount of honey may be indefinitely in
creased. In a well proportioned hive, con
taining twenty(:thousand=bees, there would
be nineteen thousand four hundred and
ninoty r nine 'workers, :five : .hundred males
and, one queen.—Scientific American.
Poi 'Preebyterian Banner
Eternity! thou fathomless!
Whit image shall I 'Use
To, picture thee? thee to express,
,What figure shall I, choose ? ,
Then art,a line,with9ut NI. end
Asea without a, bound; ,
A circle which loth vier tend
In ceaseless, tireless round.
All time is, but thy centre spot;
Around,; thy, vast. expanse,
Enclosing all things, stretcheth out--
My soul! art thou' a . traveller
Unto this dread unkifown?
0 then, be wise; in time prepare,
Not venture there alone.
.Seek thou, the high and, Ipfty,One;
Make, him, through Christ, thy friend ;
Then enter thou, when tixne is done,
Life that.shall never end.
Nap,oloon's C,ofrit of Nail
Just before Napoleon set out. for Bel
gium, (before the battle of Waterloo,) he
sent for the cleveresturtisan of his class in
Paris, and - demanded of =him whether he
would engage to make a coat of mail, to be
worn under the ordinary dress, which
should be absolutely bullet-proof; and that,
if so, he might name his own price:for such
a work.= The man engaged to make the de
sired object, if &Thawed proper time, and he
named - eighteen thousand francs (seven
hundred, and twenty. pounds sterlina) as the
price of it. The bargain was concluded,
and in due time the work was produced,
and the artisan was honored with a second
audience of the Emperor. 41 Now," said
his 'imperial Majesty, " put it on." The
man did so. "As I ton : to stake my life on
its efiCacy, you Nil. suppobe ave no
objection to do the same ?" and he Itook a
brace of pistols, and .prepared to discharge
one at the breast of the astonished artist.
There was no retreating, hOwever, and half
dead with fear, he stoo the fire; and, to
the infinite credit ; of his work, with perfect
impunity. Ent the Emperor was not con
tent with one trial. He fired the second
pistol at the back of the artist, and after
wards discharged a fowling-piece at another
part of him with similar effect. "
said the Emperor,;'" youhave.produced a
capital work, undoubtedly. What is to be
the price of it:?" =Eighteen thousand francs
were named as the agreed sum. " There is
. order for them," said the Emperor;
"and there is, another for an equal sum,
for the fright have given you.' '
The points now used in punctuation were
introduced into writing gradually, some
time after the invention of printing. The
Greeks had none! and there was no space
between their wordi. The Romani put a
kind of division between their words thus :
Publicus, Scipio; Africanus. Upon the
end of the fifteenth century only the pe
riod, colon, and comma had been introduced.
The latter came into use -latest, and was
only a perpendicular figure .or line proper
-tionate to the-size of the letter. To Aldus
.b.lanutinsi an eminent printer, in 1570, we
are indebted for the semicolon, and also for
the present form ; of the comma. Be also, laid
down rules now observe.d in regard to their
use. The notes of interrogation and, ,ex
were not added till some years
later, and it, is :not known by whom. In
verted commas (") were first used by kon
.a French printer s; and
were intended by „
him to, supersede the use
of ,Balic letters, and the French printers
call them by, that name. But they have
lately. been used by the English printers to
den* quoted ,matter. n a London 'book,
‘i The Art of English Poetry," printed in
1607, it appeara that the present mode of
denoting 'glinted, Matter' is therein denoted
by being satin. Italic. It is not known by
whom the apostrophe and dash were in
vented.--T he Printer.
[Selected from the American Agriculturist.]•
The position and duties of, farmers some
what hinder their sociability. Scattered
over the hills and valleys of the country,
often miles apart, and engaged in solitary
field labor day after day and month after
month, it e is not so easy to keep up much in
tercourse with general soceity. Mechanics,•
merchaufs,• manufacturers, and professional
men, naturally concentrate in cities and
Villages, where they can enjoy,a daily ex
change of opinion _and , information, and
awakens 'ambition 'for improvement, and
adds Mtich to the general happiness of life.
The longer farmers live in a solitary way,
the leis likely are they to , change their
habits. is not 'surprising that in many
cases they become stiff and -awkward in
their manners, dull in intellect, and unge
nial, if not morose in feeling.
Bat we are not„ on this account, going
to depreciate the farmer's lot; it is, in
many respects, the best under the sun.
Yet it cannot - be denied that evils lie in the
'direction 'We haVe indicated; apci they
shouid be' guarded ,against..,-,,1t not a
good thing for any body to make a slave of
himself; to•jog around -as in a treadmill;
year after year, with little,or ne relief, or
rational enjoyment, and the farmer . , should
not follow his work too doggedly. We
would not have him drudge so hard that
he cannot enjoy the society of his &roily
every, day. He ought to be the leader and
benefactor of his household in their social
intercourse. 'His conversation at the table,
and around the evening lamp, should -be
instructive and elevating 'to sons and
daughters. His, genial hospitality should
attract neighbors and friends to visit him
often and enliven the converse of the fire
side. And he, with his family, should sys,
tematically keep up acquaintance "with
other good families, far and near.
• The Farmers' Clubs, which arc established
in many districts, exert a good social influ
ene4 so far as they go, but they are 'not
enough; the intercourse of families 'should
be superadded, :as this contributes very
much ,to , the enjoyment and: respectability
of agricultural life. It lightens the bur
den of daily• toil, relieves ifs solitariness;
awakens thought, and promotes general im
provement. Where this is done,' farmers'
children, both sons and daughters, will be
less sinclined to •long after the excitements
and gayeties of town life, and more of
•them .will be content: with the calling in
How to Grow Gooseberries.
Many cultivators suffer from insects and
mildew so badly, they have about given up
the attempt .to raise this very agreeable
fruit, ,We suspect that a barren.,.soil,
stunting ,the growth of the ~plant, is, in
..xnany.eares, the cause of the blight com
plained of. Another cause is the, sudden
alternations of temperature that occur al
most every,Summer. It is a mistaken no
tion that because the gooseberry le ,often
found ,wild in poor soils, it therefore: needs
no manure. With,thelwriter.the treatment
which ensures the,best results is as follows:
Give the plants a dressing of manure in
the Fall, packing it in around the roots in
Spring. Keep the ground clean and open
until about the.middle of May or first - of
June. Tlien,;spread under the branches a
layer , of straw five or six inches thick, let
ting it extend over the ground as Tar as , the
roots penetrate. 'This mulching should re
, main on the ground until the first of. Sep
tember, when it should. be removed and the
soil worked; clean. The design of this
midsummer dressing is to' prevent any
check. , in.-the growth of wood , or fruit, and
to keep'the air , about• the bushes uniformly
moist and, cool. In , -this simple Tway, we
manage to get good Crops, as ofteuas five
years out of seven. Persons near the sea
side might use sea-weed or salt .hay for a
mulebY Tanners' bark is often used with
litnd- Treatment of Animate:Profitable,
The horse serves us with a superior abil
ity andfa better will, if treated-kindly. On
the same Condition, the -..sheep gives us a
better fleece; the ox, more efficient labor;
and the.switie, a better Carcass. The cow,'
that is dealt gently with' and. made eon-.
tentedwith her loty . gives not only more,
:milk,: but, of a richer quality, than. if ill
treated,:and made miserable, !All animals'
make a better return, ifvcared for -consid
erately. ~" The merciful' man is.: merciful
to :,his beast." He = would be so -if `there
was no reward. We.owe it-to the-animals,
- which aro eput into ; .our.power; ,wee : owe it.
to ourselves; and we owe it to giA, who
has given us power over them, to make; the
brief Niece we intend for them, free from
411 unnecessary suffering.
" William." As to whether - you should
cut it off, will depend upon, circumstances.
" When Nature," observes a writer, "puts
a tap-root at the bottom of a, tree, or a• tail
on the "other 6tid of a pig, she* does it or
some good purpose, and neither of them
should he cut off without ; a valid .reason."
As to the pig, we won't debate, but as to
trees, we know there are good reasons, at
times, for amputating the tap-root. ' In
Seedling's standing in nursery rbvis,% the
central roots shoot down strong and deep,
and must be cut off early, if we ever expect
to trauSplant the trees: It is so with the
oak in a remarkable degree. Cut off the
tap-root when 'the tree is small, and a new
set of horizental roots will be formed, with
many forks and numberless small roots and
sponigioles. And then, the transplanting
will be easy, and the living quite a sure
To Romov i o Clinkers ftoio, Stovols.
Some kinds .of coal, says =the Scientific
American, are liable to form clink pis,• which
adhere to the .fire-brick lining of thicstoves,
grates, andfttrnaces, and become a source 9f
gr3at annoyanee, as they cannot be removed
by usual means without breaking the fire
brick: Persons who are thus annoyed will
be glad to know that:by putting a few oyster
shells in the fire, close to the Clinkers, the
latter will.' become so loose as to be readily
removed without breaking the' ining.
Training the Currant.
D. S. Yes, it can be, trained, and . to good
advantage. You may let it grow,up.into• a
scrubby bush, with a dozen sterns from : the
around • but ,in that ease you must make
a desperate ,effort every other Spring, and
Out out the old wood. It is,preferable
make a minature tree of each, plant, and
trim and shape it like a handsome pear
tree. Or, if you want% variety,, you may
train it on a frame or trellis,'spreading out,
and about...three feet high. By the last
two methods, you will get -a larger and
- handsomer fruit.
.11ttnure.—A. garden . canT - hardly-lia_ire-too
much : it should be finely divided and in
timately Inixed.with the, soil.. For :`fruit
trees, leaves, or sawdust saturated with
urine, is an excellent application. -, For
the guidon rich composts of all kinds, par
ticularly night' soil, hen dung, 'etc.-, with
fine' stall manure and muck, are'excellent.
Grapegtiles,—Prune at once, if ; not done
in the Fall: , .
SOLDIER- 1 S POCKET-BOOK IN
The Presbyterian 13141:d :of ,PliblicAtion,
No. 821 Chestnut :Street; Philadelphia,
Have prepared a German Translation of -the ',Pocket-
Book. which is ready for male and distribution, at $5 per
The size is 32m0, and it contains* Calendar for lE62—Ad
vice to Soldiers—Short Prayers—Selected Psalms—Scripture
Selections--Thirty ilymns, which ,have been, selected with
special referenda to their Use by Germans; and closes with
habits,' Rims to'Soldiere about Health and abita?'
. . SIXTY sTEII/USAXE. COPIES-.
of ,the ,English Edition havP., printeu, and front every
'quarter we heir of ite being received 'With laver, and need
with profit by the Soldiers.
As but little is published for the German Soldierii in their
own language, it is -hoped-that this edition will be equally
acceptable, and that their. friettile will avail themselves of
the opportunity of supplying
• The Board have also published
THE SINNER'S RESOLVE-4(":Fust as lAm on Card,
for Hospital use, atso rents per,hundred. ' -
SOLDIER'S TRACTS, in a Wrapper, preparednxpresslyj e r
the Army, at 10 cents.
SOLDIER'S LIDRAY or 7o :vomits.
Cash price, $l5.
Masao address castors to
. 'Engine/is Corvespohdent.
821 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia:
lap For sale In Pittsburgh at' the 'Presbyterian Book
Ito..ma, iland,Riveet. febt-tf
WOTICE.TO LTIIE TAXPAYERS OF
Notice Is hereby given that on and utter MONDAY, Feb-
Comm 3d, 1862, the TWO MILL RELIEPTAX; :levied' by the
issioners for the year 1861, will be received at the
County Treasurerl Office until - March * lst, 1862. All of the
aforesaid taxea•remininglinpaid the.thos,:i will be put in
the bands of•Colleetbrd, with the' ADDITION' OF TEN PER
CENT. for collection, as per Act of,Aseembly, 16th January;
,;„ , pountylTreasttrer:
A V.A.LIIARIGE STOCK OF BOOiLs
• fiEfiLLNG OFR LOW. .
.- . .
As I Purpose. to remove rny business to Philadelphia, in
-the Spring, I .will, DRTWHEN THIS AND _TER • lim OF
'MARCH, sell. off my valuable stock at reilucerc,Prices. It
• coneista of Theolegical aid Resigions literature, Sabbath
School Libraries, Sabbath School Maps, itc.,. and . Standard
Miscellaisions Books. It contains many soarce''Engllsh
books in sound Divinity, not readily found elsewhere.
Illir This is an excellent chance for Ministers, Students,
Theological Colleges, Sabbath echools, and others .to furnish
themielvea with desirable books on unusually 'low terms.
Call and see the stock. Catalogues wilt be mailed free on
application. 'W. S. RRNTOUL,
fobtirlit. No. 20 St. Clairlitreet, Pittsburgb,,Ps.
V 0• L II .E TW 0
(Completing :die Work.)
'Reddy Febr - aary . 6th, 1862.
-HA GENB A CEP S •
HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE.
'A New Edition, Edited and Translated by Prof. H. B. Skrrn,
of the Union Theologienl Seminary. In 2 vols.,
Svo. Price 82.00 per volume.
Besides the revision of the Edinburgh translation, with
largo additions from the 4th German edition, this volume
also contains new matter fromNeanderillaur, Warder, and
other Writers on the history of doctrines; full supplements
to the bibliography. of Hagenbach, including the - English and
American literature; and also new sections by the American
Editor, amounting to more than sixty pages. on portions of
the history, not fully treated, or 'wholly yeglected, in the
Schoolsornl. viz.: on the German Reformed Theology, the French
of Sanmur, English .Deism, the history of. Theology
and Philost.phy in England, SCotland, and the United States
of America. The literature of English and American theol
ogy, including all the denominatione, is ;very folly given,
supplying a long felt desideratum of ministers
The work, in this form, is more complete than n an os.
History of Doctrine. While Evangellcal.ia its general tone,
it is tilrealse candid and impartial. PrOfessor Schaff,' of fifer
cersburg. said of the first volume, to which Om additions
were much less full, " we do not hesitate to give thin - r
translation the preference dyer even the Uriginal."
The Ifetfindist said of it: "It is especially valuable for
the completenese of Its bibliographical referencee. In' this
department the German original is particularly deficient.
as itnotices but rarely the theological literature of England
Ilibliolluta Sacra says : "It in seldom that a manna!
TJio receives such substantial additions slid improvements from
eke hand of an editor."
S HELDON & CO., Publishers,
t • Ile Nalimatelitreet, New
• Igkiii)lWil. FOR THE : ARAI%
110 NASSAU STREET, NEW-YORK,
has just twined a. beautiful Libra 4, consisting of TWENTY
FIVE VOLUMES, 18mo., inclosed in a box, at the low price
of $3.0., ; among which are "General: Ilavelook," °O pt.
Ifediey Vicars," "Capt. Ifammond," "The Blue Flag,"
" Young:Man from Rome." •
Packages of lt,ooo,pars of select Trusts, at $2.00, are .put
up to accompany the Library. whon desired.
THE;SOLDIER'S POCKET • LIBRARY,,
of tweuty-flve volumes, in flexible covers, cottaining.the
Soldier's Text-book, Soldier's Hymns, The Soldiers and
Jesus,. Story of Lucknow, and other appropriate works.
The American Tract Society has furnished gratuitously
many hundreds .f thousands of pages .of .Tracts to tbe sol
diers of Pennsylvania; as well es others.. The friends of the
soldiers are availing themselves of the opportunity of putting
into their hands tbeeetnoet valuable books. And there : are
not a few instal:tree where mostlleppi results have followed
the truth they contain.
Nooks carefully put np, and forwarded as a p , urchasers,may '
H. N. THMELL, Agent,
• 1.7-1 v ;No. 020 elhietbint N!-'eat. Phila.
0 • -F IN: . '
J" 00 . 1450 N
(Late Bsise t
Solo Manufacturer and Desarlialhe tillsoiduir 'three dieWict
.kinds of Rooting: • : • . • •
let. Own Elastic Cement, Fult and CanTAßßoofing.
2d. Improved Felt, Cethent and Graverko . ofing.
84.•PatentAtaglish•Azplie1tIve Felt Rooftnz.
Alf 'Fire and Water Proof, and Warranted.
Roofing •Material for sale, wlth printed instructlons for
.1/kir.Offloaat Bates & Johnson's old stand,
75 SMlthlleld WeetollttslllsTgli..ra•
N. B.—This GUM CEDIENT.is nnequalled as a paint for.
Metal Roofs, lasting twice,aaJong, and cheaper than common
. paint; also as a paint4tpment dampness In Brick Walls.
soatt-ly WM. JOHNSON.
JOHN A. RENSHAW.
Family Grocer ,and Tea Dealer,
Takes pleastute in announcing to his friends and .snatom •
that be has recently removed to the.new and spacious w
Coiner of Liberty and Hand Streets, .
(A few doers above his old stand,)
And hiving largely increased hie stock by recent porch
now offer., to the public the moat extensive and complete •
,sortment to be found this city, of
GROC T ERI_E
Foreign Domestic Prnita, Teas, Spices, Pickree .and
Sau c es, Preserved Fruits in great variety, Fish, Hams, Dried
.I*f, de., besides an aesortment of•Domestie Honsieiteeping
articles; thus constituting a Housekeeper's Emporium, where
meat ell articles that are useful or necessary 61: 'the Family
all may be pnrchased at reasonable prices.
Aar ,WHOLESALE AND. RETAIL. 714 . .
CatalOgnee Containing an extended list of
my steak fur'
niched by, mall, If ,desired.
JOHN A.. SHAW, . '
' api-dj . • -Cur. Liberty and Hand Sed„-Pittebnnth..
• • • • -
•1P,7 '• • ' .. . , I • . -
,A young,man a graduate of Jefferson College, who. hie
lied imam crapulence in teaching, is' desirous of securing a
pitaWou as Number, 'Aso Academy or Selcct School. • Good
reformers given. Address "A. 8.,"
• Jaii2s-8t ' Box 85, Groieland, Illinois.
VAIMEAS., GrA.RPENERS FRUIT.
`.° l - - 034,0WEitS, CATT.tB DEALERS, &C.,'
Willfixt& - the niost complete assortment of books rdating to
their business that can be found 4n the,"world,,; at O.X.`,SAX ,
TON, BAPAEB, & 0028„Agnipulturai.Poo7c Haute ? . 2h. Park
Rana. Naiir .cant for a rainlavia. fatslß-lv
46 North Fourth Street,
C. WILVINEN & SON, PropelekrA.
pHI4 M'Cifliti 4A . mrFs S. wcoRD
±giirliblga/31E1P 4 11D4310 . ...
3L4I7IIPAOTEREES . ..AND DEALERS IN
-Hats, Mips, an : Straw - Goods,
131. Wood 3.treet, PtittiburgA
gave now on,band for Spfingealeeyea large,end complete an
assortment of Gouda es - can - be'found in 'any of the Bastin'
Silk, and Woolf ats,
of every otyloaud quality; Ca ro of aTF T y..quality end; atest
fashions; Paha Leaf, Straw, Leghorn, 'and Panemn TUTS;
Straw, and: Silk. BONNETS, etc:, etc.•..Persorai wislilug to
purchase either by Windeaale or Retail, will. trid it to, their
allvantaio to call rind PXRltiiriP atook • marlfl-1* '
Co/d2 et? ;sigh,
c,',,ataapeames.a, e a,
BRoNCo l ,k,.s4Amaip which 'might be
O C v
ch,eoked with. 'a simple rem
y, neg of o
rninateS seriously. Few are aware of.
the importance. of stopping a. Xattala: or
011 ...qAt /P ic ! .& first stage ;that
which in the beginning would; yie ld to
a mild remedy, if not attended
attacks the /mks.
0 - "...tan? & 00:4/ Lea
were ; ftrst introduced eieVen years ago.
It has bien proved that they as e . the best
article before the public for Aftutah., ! ,,i
/ P 2 / 2 4.1.5.,
Xclicalch, the Hacking : Cough in Wan
st4nglilian., and nuMerous affections of
the ~.9h_ocaat, giving immediate relief
Jefsb.iie speakers "find *ngers,
will find - awn 4764w:a for clearing, and
sold by all Oruggists . and'Opa.Zers in
Xedieine, at 25 cents per Lox.
Sold In Eittsburgh.by
SIMON JOONSTON, O. H. KEYSER,
SKIJ,ERK & CO., B. A. EAKNESTOOK & CO.,
B. L. FAHNBSTOCK, B. E. VANOBRVORT,
dn14.41m KENDERSON 8: BRO.
` IIV C A R.,P,,E T ,S
atxs - o,looZ,vit,;'
: . AT
No. 87our-- Street , Pittsburgh;
bought previone to the late advauee Ittptloes s of which the
fullest advantage id offered to iurchaseis -'
- FOR, CASH_
VII. SAMSON, •
N0..60 Smith/kW Street, keeps constantly on hand a large
assortment of Ready-Made Coffins,Metallic Cases, Shrouds,
&C., of the latest styles. Persenasereices in all oases when
required, and no pains willbe spared to give entire satisfac
tion, and relieve the friends of the inlay napicruattit dittiee
necessarily connected, with the preparations for burial, at
greatly reduced prises. Roornsopen day and night. Hearses
an i oserranos fonthhisl:
R ID E , OIL AND LEATIIER STORE
D. KISiKPATRIOK & SONS,
No. al_ South Third Street,
ReTvrXER MANE= AND CRESTNI2T STILIETB,VETLADELPRIA,
Have for Raze
SPANISSAND, (}KEEN. SLAUGHTER. HIDES, CALCUT
TA AND PATNA ltfi s, TANNAILS', 014 1(.0., Al'
n2e:E - LOWEST PRICES - AND UPON
ewe' DUST TERMS.
OaP All kinds of Leather in the reughsvanted, for which
the highest market frice will be given na aaali, or taken in
exchange for Ilidea. Leather stored fresof charge, and sold
Liberal. Cash Advances made on Leather Consigned
to Ira.• v
A R 11T ' it
For Brilliancy._ and. Economy,
SIMPASSEB ALL:OTHER II A'PIIV4 OILS now in
market. It will burn in all styles of, coal oil lamps, is per
reottlisafe,tind *es liont 'till offensive nodor. Manzactiared
and for sale,by ,
fell ly 167 LIBrATT STRILIZT, prTISBOI63IB.;
HARTUPEE Sc CO.,
,qoaegs, o?.FrEtEtT AND Sao= Fawns, Prris tulan ,
Manofroturois of •
SteatiEngines, Machinery, and CaStings.
Alpo, of STILTS, TANKS, and all other aPPanto. p.
VirrE iNVITE TILE ATTENTiojr" ---
v.v.. the public to the PHILADELPHIA -Op
Housekeeping Dry Goods Store,
where may be found a large assortment of all kinds o r r,
Goods, required in furnishing a houses thus sali ne j3'
trouble minsally experienced in hunting such articles, i. ‘.
rions pigmies. In consequendi of our giving our attenti:•7
this kind of stock, to the exclusion of dress and fancy : •
we itan guarantee our pricei and styles to be the re,.
ble in the market.
IN LINEN GOODS,
we are able to give perfect eatisibction, being the 0i1. . r ,
fa Meted Linen Store in the city, and having been (, r • - • ••
than twenty years regular importers from some of t
manufacturers in Ireland. We offer, also, a Imp , stuck
FLANNELS AND MUSLIMS,
or the beet qn
sneko Quilt s , a
S i h ne e d t . i n an s d ,
V at c G ki a n .
prism. Also, sy
Table Cloths, and Napkins, Towelling's, Diaper-. llueltai• '
Table and. Piano Covers. Damasks and Bioreaus, •
31 Tulin Curtains, Dimities. 'lmmature Chintzes. Iri n :;?•::
Shadings, &c., &c.. JOHN V. COWELL & sox .
5. W. corner of Chestnut and Seventh RA..
sntta-I4 Phil adal phi%
SFRING STYLES FOR
In great variety; embracing in put, a large and as;;
lected stock of Fancy French and English
.CASSNNERES AND COATINGS,
Together with 118 line an /assortment of Black Mid
CLOTHS AND VESTING/3, as the manufactories of t:sr
can produce, which are adapted to the wants of
two, who appreciate style and quality in clothin,..• •
SAMUEL GRAY & SOX,
marts-1y • Na. 10 Fifth St.. P;tt.h.irch.
T ARR L N S
This valuable and popular Medicine has universally reep t , t .,:
the most favorable recommendations of the Medical
Profession and the Public as the most effi
_ (lent and agreeable
It may be used with the beat effect in
• BILIOUS AND FEBRILE DISEASES,
COSTIVENESS, SICK HEADACHE, NAUSEA
LOSS OF APPETITE, INDIGESTION, ACIDITY
OF THE STOMACH, TORPIDITY OF THE LIVER .
GOUT, RHEUMATIC AFFECTIONS, GRAVEL, pi)
AND Au. commAttou WTIERE
A Gentle and tooling Aperient or Pnrgative Ic
It is pahicularly adapted to the wants of 'Trarelor.
and Land, Residents,in Hot Climates. Persons of Set, ,
Habits, Invalids afid Convalescents; Captains of'v• = o
Planters will find it a valuable addition to their Jledi '-
It is in the form of a Powder, carefully put up in hot tl. t .,
keep in any climate. and merely minim. water
• poured un it to produce a delightful
Numerous testimonials: from professional and other
ticmen of the highest standing throughout the countr,
its steadily increasing popularity for a series of years, st
ly guarantee its efficacy and valuable character, and c t
mend it to the favorable notice of an intelligent public .
CORDIAL ELIXER OF TURKEY RHUBARB
JAM beautiful tireparation, from the TRUE TURKU'
RHUBARB, has the approval and sanction of man) of oar
best Physiciaos as a valuable and favorite
And is preferable to any other form in which Rhubarb is
administered, either for Adults or Children, it being
bined in a manner to make it at once palatable to
the taste and ancient in its operation
IMPROVED INDELIBLE INK,
FOR MARKING LINEN,
_MUSLIN, SILK, Kra, has been
proved, by many years' expetience, to be the best, most p.r
manent and reliable preparation ever offered to the Public .
The superiority of this article is acknowledged by all. mei
pnrchaseni and dealera will find it to their interest to give it
a preference over air similin: preparations.
Manufactured only by
'JOHN A: TARRANT & 00.iBraggists,
N 0.278 Greenwich , St., car. Warren Bt., New-York.
And for sale by Druggists generally. jun22.ly
1 1 1 SE' BOARD. OF. 40011...VORTAGE
tinders:the 'numerous readers. Of the Banner their
thanks for the frequent calls theirßook Store receives from
and would again respeotally invite thein atilt to visit
us. We have a (*Wally - selected- dock of HOLIDAY
:BOOKS, with numerous illuetteithins. - They contain moral
and religions stories, and historical incidental's!' calculated
'to enteitain . . thie-yoring ; • ernliriang The 'Lift, of Christ and
hisAfiraclrs, The Acts og the Amostles i Salient on the Hebrew
Idenets l lllo34 My Oilthges:Hfrf 'Wo select from Car
ter, .Nelson, Harden, S. S.. Union,. Aansecideui Tract Society.
Pmehyterian Hoard: and - others. • dee2l-tf
R A R' - I E S
.; . . .
The American Sunday SchtioLlinion
kliOlidaday School 'Libraides for' distribiltion as per
legaCy -#lB.bite„o g aitugs Bli.E.Wl?a, will be
ready for delivery end after JOY 10f1, 1880.
The Sunday Schliols entitled. to times Libraries are those
established In Allegheny 0 - Minty, since MarCh 31st,
Applicante Will be required to subecribe to statement gte.
ing;namq, logigon;:and Oats of iignnination tot the School;
name and „Post Office address of Superintendent; areregt
there contributed for upportl4 BCIIOOI.
Reamivabla eyidence,dby amoaat.oficantributiorui and oth
erwise, of, the permanence of the School will be required.
Apply' to - ' ". : lI...RATON,
Of EATON, & MACRON.
Vai .:. :..!_;:tli ' ': V.
• .a: s , min •UM
013 , PECTORAL . TROCHES,
Rot the-iiiiniediatt? Belief andoertaiioais of
nese, • Whoop le Cough,C . a . h,
Dhkotily ( Breutttog, SoroMtrout,,
- Ete., Etc., Etc.
BELIZE' W.IMirIITEDI2I TEN UTBS.
For, ltirldersvßublic.:Speakera, endiltingere,these
Tgoollem are indrepeasable for'Clearing and Strenith
The eali with Which they are taheti-:-Wing easily
carried hethelßocket,- requiringnomreparation, always
ready for =eon at'occasioiaa, not liabietochange in any
climete,'eontand*.iiothing,hdrOehs:to. the:most, deli
cate constitution—should be a suiliciant recommenda
tion,to.sarto vivo them at air . Sr*, • .
Price , 9S Cepactes, Per
oar. For sale in Pittsburea by R. E. Sellers & Co., B. A
Fabnesfoelcga Ca.,.G .. .4 - .7lEeys!r, and B. L. Fainieeteek& Co.
UPRISING, oR A , G-RF...4.I"Jr3IOPLE.
' .0 ALES SORIBNER,
, NO. 124 :GBAND STILE% ,NEW-YOIIN
Will publish in a few days
THIS REMARKABLEitkIucH BOOK.
; 1 #
The: - * Uprising of a GrootTeople.
T 1 lINLTED STATES IN 186 L
tiOttnt de.Oaspartn. Translated by Miss Booth. 1 vol.,
, The. New-York 2Vmss, says of it: " The thorough Intel
leetnal Mastery of the subject deterinines' the quality of the
, hank, the moral warmth which runs latent through it (break
ing at 'times into an eloquence wlich fairly bunn3)--takes
its power from the weight of his facts and the force of his
I logic. There lain his treatment of tbegriestimi, a wise tats:l
- that carries with it convincing-ion:a":
The New-York Evening Post says: "It is lfie wisest book
,which has-been written upon America Sinee . „De Tocqueville.
* * Remarkable - for IM intelligenCe, its insight, its
logic, and its nobleness of . purpose,"
From the New-York Tribune: "The' author thinks that
we are rising, awakening, coming to oaraelVea, asserting our
right in the time of 'trial, and sr VIRTU'S or rate max.—had
this work been written but `a few:weeks ago, it could, not be
Mere apt to the time than it is."
O. S. will alea pupil:all, on same.day
LIFE-OF GENERAL AWINFIEUJ - 4001T,
By J. Headley. With a fine Portrait.= Steel. I vol.,
12ino. 75 Cents.
This Biography is full and authentic ;-the materials for it
having beeirderived from -public documents and from many
officers who hive served under bins. Inthis work will be
found a faithful and graphic description of the brilliant bat
tle. in whirl. Srottlian lionn'ongiyinnt ' irl3
- . .
.:1 1D :LIB Y
EP E2T TI STREW,
(Immedirady opposite Metal Yard of Penna. R. R. Co")
Where a very superior article of White Lime can be had in
any quantity, from a half peek to a car load. We are retail
ing by the ; SINGLE BARREL AT- ONE .D 0161411 but as
out object is to, wholesale, we sell by the, quantity At a much
less price, spas to enable, mailers mingle sibandsome prat.
The Lime is manufactured by William U. - Oanan, Jr. & Co.,
at El Dcßado t Lime Works, Blair County, Pa" and we warrant
it bibs greatly superior to Louisville Lime, and to beekeeper
at our prices than the Grey Lime iseethe. - ,prkets at which it
is sold in this market. If our Lime dotes not prove satisfac
tory; lvd obligate ourselves to dray it back and pay the pur
chasers-Id cents per barrel, or b cents per bushel for any
trouble or expense incurred by.them:
We are prepared to deliver, at low figures, barrel Lime at
any, point by river, and eititerjairrel; or ; loose Lime et any
station on any of the railroads leading from the city.
,t 1 Ada. supply always.on Ordats - in the city or from
abroad :will be promptly attended to.
3 deal-St CANAN & CO-
52- and 5 4- 41ttigiailtiee't New-York,
tthportemandJoblxino ;pf,%oXl.l„§, :CASSIMERES, ingl3
INGS, and every style and cituility of goads used by Clothiers
andMernbantTapn . r*fnr Man 'a and;,Roya' Wear.
NEW Piksl4l, AN'D WINTER
ON THE CASH STATEN—the only system that enables us
to sell fltiods cheap these unsettled times. Cash is our motto;
and under that plan we are now prnaceiL to offer a fine
'stock of PALM `ANN WINTER CLOTHS, CASSIMERES,
YESTINGS, and OVER-COATINGS, bought with Cash,
which enables no to offei goodtrat the Lathest possible price.
Also, a Fine Stock - of Gentlemen's Potaishiug Goods, of the
Latest Styles, always kept on hand.
H. SMITH, Merchant Taylor.
raur l7 -1/ , No. us Wylie Street. Pittsburgh-
Butidiumteachers, and course of stndy, of the first class.
Superior facillliesaffordedin the Praamental branches. At
tendanco list year, Nis. hurtelreCit and thirtyt-seven. -Three
FORTIFEOLLARB*r term, payS 'for hoarding, ligh t "
; room-rent, , and use - Tuition according to
studies pursued. The Collegiate 'year begins September .d.
second Session ' Iht:tatto er . 9th ;.snd the - third, March 94th '
1862. Send tothe - Preqideut; Rev. I. C;:PERSIEING, A. M. ,
fora catalogue. , - SISLPSON.
augt: l- /Y President Of Board of Trustees.
EMNIPIER, OR CONCENTRATED
Y SOJP MARKER.
Made by.: thelY" Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing Com
pany." The only genuine and patented article. Bewareof
Counterfeits! 'Buyers and sellers of the' Nips
be prosecuted. Son Hale by all Druggist and G rano -
Prices reduced 'Windt the tunes..'.. dec2l-1Y
lIVORTII SEWICKLEY AvADEffir,
. _ , BEAVER COILTO, PA.
The' Winter Session' of thieltistitntioyai Orn on the
,Birgit Wedneellay of November. ; - , , •
REV.' If. WEEDER,
' • ',RETAABWRWNAVY,V*"':A.—
1. •, liiii244l - ' '' - ' 2