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ted States. There is every reason to believe that
they have returned to their native land entirely
satisfied with their visit, and inspired by the
most friendly feelings for our country. Let us
ardently hope, in the language of the treaty it
self, that " there shall henceforward be perpetual
peace and friendship between the United States
of America and his Majesty the Tycoon of Japan
and his successors."
With the wise, conservative, and liberal Gov
ernment of the Empire of Brazil, our relations
continue to be of the most amicable character.
The exchange of the ratifications of the con
vention with the Republic of New Granada,
signed at Washington on the 10th of September,
1857, has been long delayed from accidental
causes, for which neither party is censurable.
These ratifications were duly exchanged in this
city on the sth of November last. Thus has a
controversy been amicably terminated which had
become so serious at the period of my inaugura
tion, as to, require me, on the 17th of April, 1857,
to direct our Minister to demand his passports
and return to the United States.
Under this convention the Government of New
Granada has specially acknowledged itself to be
responsible to our citizens " for damages which
were caused by the riot at Panama on the 15th
of April. 1856." These claims, together with
other claims of our citizens which had been ling
urged in vain, are referred for adjustment to a
board of commissioners. I submit a copy of the
convention to Congress, and recommend the leg
islation necessary to carry it into effect.
COST! RICA AHD NICARAGUA.
Persevering efforts have been made for the ad
justment of the claims of American citizens
against the Government of Costa Rica, and I am
happy to inform you that these have finally pre
vailed. A convention was signed at the city of
San Jose, on the 2d of July last, bet Ween the
Minister resident of the United States in Costa
Rica and the Plenipotentiariei of that Republic,
referring these claims to a board of commission
ers, and providing for the payment of their
awards. This convention will be submitted im
mediately to the Senate for their constitutional
The claims of our citizens upon the Republic
of Nicaragua have-not: yet Veen provided for by
treaty, although diligent efforts for this purpose
have been made by our Minister resident to that.
Republic. These are still continued, with a fair
prospect of success.
Our relations with Mexico remain in a most
unsatisfactory condition. In my last two annual
messages I discussed extensively the subject of
these relations, and do not now propose to repeat
at length the facts and arguments then pre
sented. They proved conclusively that our citi
zens residing in Mexico and our merchants
trading thereto, had suffered a series of wrongs
and Outrages such as we have never patiently
borne from any other nation. For these our suc
cessive Ministers, invoking the faith of treaties,
had, in the name 'of their country, persistently
demanded redress and indemnification, but with
out the slightest effect. Indeed, so confidently
had the Mexican authorities become of our pa
tient endurance, that they universally believed
they might commit these outrages upon American
citizens with absolute impunity. Thus wrote our
Minister, in 1856, and expressed the opinion that
4 , nothing but a manifestation of the power of the
Government, and of its purpose to punish these
wrongs, will avail."
Afterwards, in 1857, came the adoption of a
new constitution for Mexico, the election of a
President and Congress under its provisions, and
the inauguration of the President. Within one
short month, however, this President was ex
pelled from the capital by a rebellion in the army,
and the supreme power of the republic was as
signed to General Zuloaga. This usurper was in
turn soon compelled to retire and give place to
Under the constitution, which had thus been
adopted, Senor Juarez, as Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court, bicame the lawful President of
the republic ; and it was for the maintenance of
the Constitution and his authority derived from
it that the civil war commenced, and still con
tinues to be prosecttted.
Throughout the year 1868 the constitutional
"party grew stronger and stronger. In the pre
vious history of Mexico' a successful military
revolution at the capital had almost universally
been the eignal for submission throughout the
republic. Not so on the present occasion. A
majority of the citizens persistently sustained the
Constitutional Government. When this was rec
ognized in April, 1869, by the Government of the
United States, its authority extended over a large
majority of the Mexican States and people, in
cluding Vera Cruz and all the other important
sea ports of the republic. From that period our
commerce with Mexico began to revive, and the
Constitutional Government has afforded it all the
protection in their power.
Meanwhile the Government of Miramon still
held sway at the capital and over the surround
ing country, and continued its outrages against
the few American citizens who still had the cour
age to rnnain within its power. To cap the cli
max, after the battle of Tacubaya, in April, 1859,
Gen. Marquez ordered three citizens of the
United States, two, of them physicians, to be
seized in the hospital at that place, taken out and
shot, without crime and without trial. This was
done, notwithstanding our unfortunate country
men were at the moment engaged in the holy
cruse of affording relief to the soldiers of both
parties who had been wounded in the battle, with
out making any distinction between them.
The time had arrived, in my opinion, when
this Government was bound to exert its power to
avenge and, redress the wrongs of our citizens,
and to afford them protection in Mexico. The
interposing obstacle was, that the portion of the
country under the sway of Miramon could not
be reached without passing over territory under
thejurisdiction of the Constitutional Government.
Under these circumstances, I deemed it my duty
to recommend to Congress, in my last annual
message, the employment of a sufficient military
force to penetrate into the interior, where the
Government of Miramon was to be found, with,
or, if need be, without the consent of the Juarez
Government, though it was not doubted that this
consent could be obtained Never have I had a
clearer conviction on any subject than of the
justice as well as wisdom of such a policy. No
other alternative was left, except the entire aban
donment of our fellow-citizens who had gone to
Mexico, under the faith of treaties, to the sys
tematic injustice, cruelty and oppression of Mir
amon's Government. Besides, it is almost certain
that the simple authority to employ this force
would of itself have, accomplished all our object
without striking a single blow. The Constitu
tional Government would then ere this have been
established at the city of Mexico, and would have
been ready and willing, to the extent of its abil
ity, to do us justice.
In addition—and I deem this a most important
consideration—European Governments would
have been deprived of all pretext to interfere in
the territorial and domestic concerns of Mexico.
We should thus have been relieved from the obli
gation of resisting, even by force, should this be
come necessary, any attempt by these Govern
ments to deprive our neighboring republic of por
tions of her territory ; a duty from which we
could not shrink without abandoning the tradi
tional and established policy 'of the American
people. lam happy to observe, that, firmly re
lying upon the justice and good faith of these
Governments, there is no present danger that
such a contingency will happen.
Having discovered that my recommendations
would not be sustained by Congress, the next
alternative was to accomplish in some degree, if
possible, the same objects by treaty stipulations
with the Constitutional Government. Such trea
ties were accordingly concluded by our late able
and excellent Minister to Mexico, and on the 4th
of January last were submitted to the Senate for
ratification. As these have not yet received the
final' action of that body, it would be improper
for me to present a detailed statement of their
provisions. Still I may be permitted to express
the opinion in advance that they are calculated
to promote the agricultural, manufacturing, and
commercial interests of the country, and to se
cure our just influence with an adjoining republic
as to whose fortunes and fate we can never feel
indifferent ; whilst at the same time they provide
for the payment of a considerable amount to
ward the satisfaction of the claims of our injured
At the period of my inauguration I was con
fronted in Kansas by a revolutionary govern
ment. existing under what is called the Topeka
Constitution. Its avowed object was to subdue
the territorial government by force, and to in
augurate what was called the Topeka govern
ment in its stead. To accomplish this object an
extensive military organization was formed, and
its command entrusted to the most violent rev
olutionary leaders. Under these circumstances,
it become my imperative duty to exert the, whole
constitutional, power of the Executive to prevent
the flames of civil war from again raging in
Kansas, which, in the excited state' of the public
mind, both North and South, might have extended
into the neighboring States.
The hostile parties in Kansas had been in
flamed against each other by emissaries both
from the North and the South, to a degree of
malignity without parallel in our history. To
prevent actual collision, and to assist the civil
magistrates in enforcing the laws, a strong de
tachment of the army was stationed in the terri
tory, ready to aid the marshal and his deputies,
when lawfully called upon, as a posse come:luaus
in the execution of civil and military process.
still, the troubles in Kansas could , not have
beeepermanently settled without an.election by
the people. The ballot box is the surest arbiter
of dispUtes among freemen. Under this convic-,
tion, every.proper effort was employed to induce
the hostile parties to vote at the election of dele
gates to frame a State constitution, and after
wards at the election to decide whether Kansas
should be a slave or a free State. The insurgent
party refused to vote at either, lest this might be
considered a recognition on their part of the ter
ritorial government established by Congress. A
better spirit, however, seemed soon after to pre
vail, and the two parties met face to face at the
third election, held on the first Monday of Jan
uary,•lBbB, for members of the Legislature and
State officers under the tecompton Constitution.
The result was the triumph of the anti-slavery
party at the polls. This decision of the ' ballot
box proved clearly that this party were in the
majority, and removed the danger of civil war.
From that time we have heard little or nothing
of the Topeka government; and all serious dan
ger of revolutionary troubles in Kansas was then
at an end.
The Lecompton Constitution, which had been
thus recognized at this State election by the votes
of both political parties in. Kansas, was trans
mitted to me with the request that I should pre
sent it, to Congress. This I could not have re
fused to do without violating my clearest and
strongest convictions of duty. The constitution,
and all the proceedings which preceded and fol
lowed its formation, were fair and regular on
their face. I then believed, and experience has
proved, that the interests of the people of Kan
sas would have been best consulted by its admis
sion as a State into the Union, especially as the
majority, within a brief period, could have
amended the constitution according to their will
and pleasure. If fraud existed in all or any of
these proceedings, it was not fur the President,
but for Congress, to investigate and determine
the question of fraud, and 'what ought to be its
consequences. If at the two first' elections, the
majority refused to vote, it cannot be pretended
that this refusal to exercise the elective franchise
could invalidate an election fairly held under
lawful authority, even 'if they had not subse
quently voted at the third election. It is true
that the whole constitution had not been sub
mitted to the people, as I always desired ; but
the precedents are numerous of the admission of
States into the Union without such submission.
It - would not comport with my present purpose
to review the proceedings of Congress upon the
Lecompton Constitution. - It is sufficient to ob
serve that their final action.has.removed the last
vestige of serious revolutionary troubles. The
desperate band recently assembled, under a no
torious outlaw, iu the Southern portion of the
Territory, to resist the execution of the laws
and to plunder peaceful citizens, will, I doubt
not, be speedily subdued and brought to justice.
Had I treated the Lecompton Constitution as a
nullity and refused to transmit it to Congress, it
is not difficult to imagine, whilst recalling the
Position of the country at that moment, what
would have been the disastrous consequences,
both in and out of the Territory, from such a
dereliction of duty on the part of the Executive.
Peace has also been restored within the Ter
ritory of Utah, which, at the commencement of
my administration, was in a state of open rebel
lion. This was the more dangerous, as the peo
ple, animated by a fanatical spirit and entrenched
within their distant mountain fastnesses, might
have made a long and formidable resistance.
Cost what it might, it was necessary to bring
them into subjection to the Constitution and the
laws. Sound policy, therefore, as well as hu
manity, required that this object should, if pos
sible, be accomplished without the effusion of
blood. This could only be effected by sending
a military force into the Territory sufficiently
strong to convince the people that resistance
would be hopeless, and at the same time to offer
them a pardon for past offences on condition of
immediate submission to the Government. This
policy was pursued with eminent success; and
the only cause for regret, is the heavy expendi
ture required to march a large detachment of the
army to that remote region and to furnish it sub
sistance. Utah is now comparatively peaceful
and quiet, and the military force has been with
drawn, except that portion of it necessary to
keep the Ind'ans in check, and to pro
tect the emigrant trains on their way to our
In my first annual message I promised to em
ploy my best. exertions, in cooperation with Con
gress, to reduce the expenditures of the Govern
ment within the limits of a wise and judicious
economy. An overflowing treasury had produced
habits of prodigality and extravagance which
could only be gradually corrected. The work
required both time and patience. I applied my
self dilligently to this task from the beginning,
and was aided by the able and energetic efforts
of the heads of the different Executive Depart
ments. The result of our labors in this good
cause did not. appear in the sum total of our ex
penditures for the first two years, mainly in con
sequence of the extraordinary expenditure ne
cessarily incurred in the Utah expedition, and
the very large amount of the contingent ex
penses of Congress during this period. These
greatly exceeded the pay and mileage of the
members. For the year ending 30th June, 1858,
whilst the pay and mileage amounted to $1,490,-
214, the contingent expenses rose to $2,093,-
309.79 ; and for the year ending 30th June, 1859,
whilst the pay and mileage amounted to $859,-
003.66, the contingent expenses amounted to
$1,431,565.98. I am happy, however, to be
able to inform you that, during the last fiscal
year, ending on the 30th June, 1860, the total
expenditures of the Government, in, all its
branches—Legislative, Executive and Judicial—
exclusive of the public debt, were reducedto the
sum of $55,402,465.46. This conclusively ap
pears from the books of the Treasury. In the
year ending on the 20th -June, 1858, the total
expenditure, exclusive of the public debt,
amounted to $71,901,129.77, and that for the
year ending 30th June, 1859, to $66,346.226.13.
Whilst the books of the Treasury show an
actual expenditure of $59,848,474.72 for the
year ending on • the 30th June, 1860, including
$1,040,667.71 for the contingent expenses of
Congress, there must be deducted from this
amount the sum of $4,295,009.26, with the inter
est upon it of $160,000, appropriated by the act
of 15th February, 1860, " for • the purpose of sup
plying the deficiency in the revenues and defray
ing the expenses of the Post-office Department
for the year ending the thirtieth of June, one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-nine." This
sum, therefore, justly chargeable to the year 1859,
must be deducted from the sum of $59,848,474.72,
in order to ascertain the expenditure for the year
ending on the 80th June, 1860, which leaves a
balance for the expenditures of that year of $55,-
402,465.46. The interest on the public debt, in
cluding Treasury notes,.for the same fiscal year,
ending on the 30th June, 1860, amounted to $3,-
177,314.62, which added to the above sum. of
$55,402,465.46, make the aggregate of $58,579,-
It ought, in justice, to be observed, that sever
al of the estimates from the Departments for the
year ending 30th June, 1860, were reduced by
Congress below what was and still is deemed
compatible with the public interest. Allowing a
liberal margin of $2,500,000 for this reduction,
and for other causes, it may be safely asserted
that the sum of $61,000,000, or, at the most,
$62,000,000, is amply sufficient to administer the
Government and, to pay the interest on the pub
lie debt, unless contingent events should hereaf
ter render extraordinary expenditures necessary.
This result has been attained in a considerable
degree by the care exercised by the appropriate
departments in entering into public contracts.
I have myself never interfered with the award of,
any such contract. except in a single case with
the Colonization. Society, deeming it advisable to
cast the whole responsibility, in each case on the
proper head of the Department, with the general
instruction that these contracts should always be
given to the lowest. and best bidder. It has ever
been my opinion that public contracts are not a
legitimate source of patronage to be conferred
upon personal or political favorites ; but that in
all such cases a public officer is bound to act for
the Government as a prudent individual would
act for himself.
AFRICAN SLAV) TRADE, &c
It is with great satisfaction I communicate.the .
fact, that, since the date of my,last Annual Mes
sige, not a single slave has been imported' into
the United States in violation of the - laws tiro-.
hibiting the African slave trade. This statement
is founded upon a thorough examination and in
vestigation of the subject. Indeed, the spirit
which prevailed some time , since among a por
tion of our fellow-citizens in favor of. this trade,
seems to have entirely subsided.
I also congratulate you upon the public senti
ment which now exists against the crime of set;
ting on foot military expeditions within the lim
its of the United States, to proceed from thence
and make war upon the people of unoffending
States, with whom we are at peace. In this re
spect a happy change has been effected since the
commencement of my Administration. It surely
ought to be the prayer of every Christian and pa
triot, that such expeditions may never again re
ceive countenance in our country, or depart from
It would be a useless repetition to do more
than refer, with earnest commendation, to my
former recommendations in favor of the Pacific
Railroad—of the grant of power to the Presi-.
dent to employ the naval force in the vicinity
for the protection of the lives and property of
our fellow-citizens passing in-transit over the
different Central American routes, against sud
den and lawless outbreaks and depredations;
and also to protect American merchant vessels,
their crews . and cargoes, against violent and un
lawful seizure and confiscation in the ports of.
Mexico and the South American Republics, when
these may be in a disturbed and revolutionary
condition. It is my settled conviction that with
out such a power we do not afford that protec
tion to those engaged in the commerce of the
country which they have a right to demand:
ELECTiON OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS.
I again recommend to Congress the passage of
PRESBYTERIAN BANNER.---SATURDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1860.
a law in pursuance of the provisions of the Con
stitution, appointing a clay certain, previous to
the 4th of March, in each year of an odd num
ber, for the election of representatives through
out all the States. A similar power has already
been exercised, with general approbation, in the
appointment of the same day , throughout the.
Union, for holding the election of . electors for
President and Vice Pregident of the United
States. My attention was earnestly directed to
this subject, from the fact that the Thirty-Fifth
Congress terminated on the 3d of March, 1859,
without making the necessary appropriation for
the service of the Post Office Department. • I was
then forced to consider the best remedy for this
omission, and an immediate call of the present"
Congress, was the natural resort. Upon inquiry,
however, I ascertained that fifteen out of -thirty
three States composing the Confederacy, were
without representatives ' and that, consequently,
these fifteen States will be disfranchised by such
a call. These fifteen States Will be in the same
condition on, the 4th of March, next. Ten of
them cannot -elect 'representatives according to
existing State laws, until. different
tending from the beginning of August next; until
the months of: October and November.
In my lasttinessage I gave warning, that, - in a
time of sudden and alarming danger, the salva
tion of our institutions might depend upon the
power of the President immediately to assemble
a full Congress to meet the emergency.-
It is now quite evident that the financial neces
sities of the Government will require a modifica
tion of the Tariff' during your. present session,
for the purpose of increasing the revenue. In
this aspect, I desire to reiterate the recomnienda
don contained in my last two Annual Messages,
in favor of imposing specific instead of ad valo
rem duties on all imported articles to' which
these can be properly applied. From long ob
servation and . experience, I am convinced that
specific duties. are necessary, both to protect the
revenue and to secure •to our manufarturing in
terests that amount af incidental encouragement
which unavoidably-results from a revenue tariff.
As an abstract proposition, it may - be admitted
that ad valorem duties would, in theory, be the
most just and equal. But if the experience Of
this and of all other commercial nations has:de-'
monstrated that such duties cannot be assessed
and collected without great frauds upon the rev=
enue, then it is the part of wisdom to resort to
specific duties. Indeed, from the very nature of
an ad valorem duty, this must be the, result,.
Under it theinikittible consequence is;-that for
eign goods will be entered at less-than their trite
value. The Treasury will, therefore, lose the
duty on.the difference between their real and fic
titions'value, and to this extent 'we are defraud
The temptation which ad valorem. duties pre
sent to a dishonest importer ' are irresistible.
His object is to pass his goods through the Cus
tom House at the, very lowest valuation necessa
ry to save them from confiscation. In this he
too often succeeds, in spite of the vigilance, of
the revenue officers. Hence the resort to false
invoices, one for the purchaser and another for
the Custom House, and to other expedients to
defraud the Government. The honest importer
produces his invoice to the Collector, stating the
actual price at which he purchased the articles
abroad. Not so with the dishonest importer and
the agent of the foreign manufacturer. And
here it may be observed that a very large pro
purtion of the manufactures imported from
abroad, are consigned for sale to commission
merchants who are mere agents employed by the
manufacturers. - In such cases no actual .ale has
been made to fix their value. The foreign manu
facturer, if he be dishonest, prepares, an invoice
of the goods, riot at their actual value, but at the
very lowest rate necessary to escape detection.
In this manner the dishonest importer and the
foreign manufacturer enjoy a decided advantage
over the honest merchant. They are thus en
abled to undersell the fair trader, and drive him
from the market. In fact, the operation of this
system has already driven from the pursuits of
honorable commerce, many of that class of reg
ular and conscientious merchants, whose charac
ter, throughout the world, is th pride of our
The remedy for these evils is to be:found in
specific duties, so far as this may be practicable.
They dispense with any inquiry at the Custom
House into the actual cost or value of the arti
cle, and it pays the precise amount of duty pre
viously fixed by law. They present no , tempta
tions to the appraisers of foreign goods, who re
ceive but small salaries, and might, by underval
uation in a few cases, render themselves inde
Besides, specific duties besLconform to the re
quisition in the Constitution, that "no prefer
once shall be given by any regulation of com
merce or revenue to the ports of one State over
those of another." Under our ad valorem system
such preferences are to some extent inevitable,
and complaints have often been made that the
spirit of this provision has been violated by a
lower appraisement of the same articles at one
port than at another.
An impression strangely enough prevails to
some extent that specific duties are necessarily
protective duties. Nothing can be more falla
cious. Great Britain glories in free trade, and
yet her whole revenue from imports is at the
present moment collected under a system of spe
It is a striking fact in this connexion, that in,
the commercial treaty of 23d January, 1860, be
tween France and England, 'one of the articles
provides that the an valorem duties which it im
poses shall be converted into Specific duties with
in six months from its date, and these are to be
ascertained by making an average of the prices
for six months previous to that time. The re
verse of the proposition would be nearer to the
truth, because a much larger amount of revenue
would he collected by merely converting the ad
valorem duties of a tariff into equivalent specific
duties. To this extent the revenue would be in
creased, and in the same proportion the specific
duty might be diminished.
Specific duties would secure to the American
manufacturer the incidenial protection to which
he is fail ly entitled under a revenue tariff, and
to this surely no person would object. The
framers of the existing tariff have gone further,
and in a liberal spirit have discriminated in fa
vor of large and 'useful branches of our manu
factures, not by raising the rate of duty upon
the importation of similar articles from abroad,
but what is the same in effect; by admitting ar
ticles free of duty which enter into the 'composi
tion of their fabrics.
Under the present, system it has been often
truly remarked that this incidental protection
decreases when the manufacturer needs it most,
and increases when hp needs it least, and consti
tutes a sliding scale which always operates
against him. The revenues of the country are
subject to similar fluctuation. Instead of ap
proaching • a steady standard, as would be the
case under a system of specific duties, they sink
and rise with the sinking and rising prices of ar
ticles in foreign countries. It would not be
difficult for Congress to arrange a system of spe
cific duties which would afford additional sta
bility both to our revenue and our manufactures,
and - without injury or injustice to any interest of
the country.' This might be acaomplished by
ascertaining the average value of any given ar
ticle form series of years at the place of expor
tation, and by simply converting the rate of ad
valorem duty upon which it might be deemed ne
cessary for revenue purposes, into the form of a
specific duty. Such an arrangement could not
injure the consumer. If ;he dould pay a great
er amount of duty one year, this Would be coun
terbalanced by' a lesser amount the , next, and in
the end lite aggregate would be the same.
I desire to call your immediate attention to the
present condition of the Treasury, BO ably and
clearly presented by the , Secretary'in his report
to Congress,'and to recommend that measures be
promptly adopted to enable it to discharge its
pressing obligations. The other recommenda
tions of the report are well worthy of your fa
REPORTS OF DEPARTMENTS
I herewith transmit to Congress the reports of
the Secretary of War, of the Navy, of the Inte
rior, and of the Postmaster General. The re
commendations and suggestions which they, con
tain are highly valuable, and deserving your
The Report of the Postmaster General details
the circumstances under which Cornelius Van
derbilt, on my request, agreed, in the month of .
July last, to carry the ocean mails between our, •
Atlantic and. Pacific coasts. Had he not thus
acted, this important intercommunication must,
have been suspended, at least for a season. The
Postmaster General had no power to make him
any other compensation than the postages on the
mail matter which he might carry. It was known
at the time, that these postages would. fall far
short of an adequate compensation, es well as of
the sum which the same service had previously
cost the Government. Mr; Vanderbilt, in a com
mendable spirit, was willing to rely upon the
justice of Congress to make up the deficiency
and I therefore recommend that an appropriation
be granted for this purpose.
I should do great injustice to the Attorney
General, were I to omit the mention of his dis
tinguished services in the measure adopted and
prosecuted by him for the defence of the Gov
ernment against numerous and unfounded claims
to land in California, purporting to have been
made by the Mexican Government previous to
the treaty of. cession. Zhe successful opposi
tion to these, claims, have saved. to-the "United
- States, public property worth , many millions-,of
dollars, and to individuals - holding title under
them to tit least an equal amount.
It has been. -represented to me, from sources
which I' deem reliable, that the inhabitants in
several portions of Kansas have been reduced
nearly to a state of starvation, on account of the
almost total failure of their crops, whilst the
harvests in every other Portion of the country
have been abundant. The prospect before them
for the approaching Winter is well calculated to
enlist the sympathies of every heart. The des
titution appears to.be so general that it cannot
be relieved by private . contributions, and they
are in such indigent - circumstances as to be un
able to purchase the' necessaries of life for them
selves. I refer the subject to Congress. If any
Constitutional measure for their relief can be
devised, I would recommend its adoption.
DISTRICT, OF COLUMBIA.
I cordially recommend to your favorable re
gard, the interests of -the people of this district.
They are eminently entitled to your considera
tion, especially since, unlike the people of the
States, they can appeal to no Government except
that of the Union. • JAMES BUCHANAN.
WASHINGTON CITY: 3d December, 1860
LATE PUBLICATIONS, &C
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No. 124 Graiut Street New-York
Has now ready the SECOND THOUSAND of rho
A Book of Golden PoemakMade for the Popular Heart..
Upward of sixty original illustrations, exquisite in design
.Fae-similes of the Oriiinai Autograph Copies of Fifteen .
By Hood, ("The Song! of the Shirt,") Tennyson, Bryant,
Leigh Hunt, Longletlow, Barry Cornwall, Holmes,
Riugsley, Raise, ("Rime, Sweet 'Home,")
Whittier;Brow.ning, Lowell, Ikner
son, Willis, and Pinkney,
expressly contributed to this work by the poets to their
. 11.01'AL POTATO. ,
Printed on the finest plikted paper, at the Riverside Press,
And superbly bound in Turkey morocco, richly gilt; .also in
antique morocco and morocco elegant. Price of each style,
put up hi a neat lio;, - $1.4
In this volume it editor's purpose to bring,to
gather over two -hundred , ra,01,115 and favorite pieces of a
purely sympathetic aria emotional character—poems which,
having won the unqualified 'praise' 6f:refined criticism, I:re
sea' also a peculiar charm Sm i the popular heart. The reader
will recogninemany : it rare, old . bit of poesy, which, though
affectionately remembered, he would have been at a loss
where to idok for. 'The 7 disign exhibits rare beauty and orig
inality. Among the artists are: •
&CORM EASTMAN, . JOHNSON, MENSETT, -
HeENTREE, HILL,• - BARRY. EYTINGE.
BOUGHTON, HARLEY, IithDONOUGH; IttnEwAx,
IVALEJN;'HOPPIN, ''''PARSONA 3.IEITERT,
HENNESSY, NAST, , And others.
From the Atlantic Monthly
It is beyond question the handsomest and most tastehd
volume ever produeedin Ameripa. Woven speak from our
own knowledge of the length of labor and the loving care
that bait) been devoted to it; and the resultis ; a gift. book,
unique in its way, and suited'to all seasons; and tastes.;
From,the ArettYork Observer
Each of these exquisite engravings are, real gems of art,
and will bear the closest examination, not, only as illustra
tions of the, beautiful poems they.accompany, but as sped"
mars of the perfection which ourartists have reached. The
fac-simite poems from manuseripte, furnislied,by the authors,
are a curious study, full of interest. The volume will be a
Pima the , New , LYor74 Tribune
"A perfect gallery of characteristic, graphic gems, being
each` executed eon amine, ins illustration of as many choice
poems, besides Jim. similes: of * the autograph originals of
some of the most famous fugitive verses In the English lan.
gmge. Every piece is a jewel; and the whole is intended to
exemplify the highest uses of poetry in its mission 'to stir,.
to soothe; to elevate,' by bringing into one focus the scattered
rays of light divine,' itiwhich, the spirit of song has invested
the nearest and dearest relations of daily•lifp. The.printing
of this work has never been equaled." •
Prom the New-York Evangelist; •
"This is a king among the Oiftliooks ; when truth ismer
4-led to beauty, purity. of ,thought to .grace of expression, ten
dernoss of feeling to softly flowing numbers, the ear and the
soul are alike charmed with the exquisite melody—such is the
glmoral character of.the Folk , -songs of. which .this royal vol
ume is composed."
Prom the Netd.:Thrk Independent.
"We are at a loss whether most to. admire the taste„.va.
riety, and richness of tbe poetic selections—the daintiness of
..the typoerapbyeach page wearing the impress of handivork
mere ekillful and time , than the best mechanism of the
printer's art—or the illustrations designed by such artists as
Church, Johnson, Kensat4 Barley, Barry, 130 pin, and
executed with the nicest points of the engraver. The whole
impression of the volume 'is thei of taste, refinement, ek-
Copies sent by mail or express, freight paid, on receipt of
price; and for sale by all Booksellers. • decS-3t
HE D S
BOARD OF COLPORTAGE,
4§ St. Clair Street,
Offers for sale a choice selection of books suitable for all
classes, on veil' reasonable ,terms. The collection embraces
the entire publications of - the Presbyterian Board, of live
hundred and sixty-nine distinct works, and a largevariety ox
Psalms and Hymns, and the Psalms of David in metre.
Also, a good selection from Carter's late publications, Mar
tien's, Nelson's, Massachusetts S. S. Society, Tract Society, and
B. E. u nion; .
Hodge on Corinthians: 2 vols $2.00
" Ephesians 2.00
The Words and Mind of Jesuli 40
Still Hour; or, Communierrwith God
The Christian's Home. A Prize Essay
Family Religion. By Smith
Last Days of Jesus. By-T. X. Moore
Boartiman's Higher Christian Life....
Dr: Spencer's Sketches • •
Mamma's Lessons about Jesus '
Rev. J. Addison Alexander's Sermons. ' 2 . ....... 2.50
Rev. J. W. Alexandees Consolation to the Buffering • 1.25
Rev. Dr. Ilalsey's Literary Attractions of the •Bible 1.25
Nelson's Beautiful Oil Color "Views of American and
and Eastern Cities, in packages of twelve views
Paterson on'the Shorter Catechism
The Crucible; or, Tests of a Regenerate State
Plantation Sermons. 21 volume
Letters on Psalmody. By Rev. W. Annan
Difficulties. of Arminian , Methodism. By Rev. Wm
Revival Sermons. 2 vols . .....
Commentary on Solomon's , Song
The Rock of Ages
Palissy. the Potter
The Holy Child • •
The Ulster Revival 15a20
The Board have taken special, care to obtain a choice selec
tion and large variety of Sabbath School books; embracing
1875 vols., and several Libraries, embracing from fifty to one
hundred volumes each, at from $2.50 to 810.00; selected from
the' Board of Publicatlim," Carter's; Martien's, S. 5.:"
Tract Society, Massachusetts S. S. Society, and Nelson S Sons.
All these they offer at a very liberal discount, as an, induce
ment to Superintendents and Teachers! in the country dis
tricts, whose schools liaVe been suspended during the Winter,
and are soon to be re-commenced, to obtain the-best library
within their reach. mar:ll -covri!
II S,T P B ED :
BENEFIT OF .CHRIST'S 'DEATH.;
The Glorious Riches of God's Free Grace, which
every true Believer receives by Jesus Christ
mid him Crucified.
1W AONIO PALEARIO.
• WITH ANINTRODUCTION HY' REV. JOHN ANEH, _ _
This work 'efas written in Italian more than three hundred
years ago, when it was extensively circulated, and made a
profound impressimi 'on. the, public mind. Its remarkable
history is well set forth in the introduction. It is a lucid and
able statement and,dcfencemf the doctrine Of justification by
RUNYAN'S PILGRIM'S PROGRESS.
A NEW AND BEAUTIFUL EDITION, IN TILE 'UGLIEST
STYLE OF TYPOGRAPIFIC ART, WITH FORTY
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VARIOUS TASTEFUL STYLES
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HAMILTON'S LECTURES ON LOGIC. With Notes
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Royal Bvo...Cloth. 53.00. -
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and 'John Witch, MA., Edinburgh. Royal 8 vo. Cloth. $3.
The above masterly works of Sir William Hamilton have
been received with eminent favor, and are fast taking tlieir
Nam as text-books In leading colleges throughout .the.
LIFE AND 'CORRESPONDENCE OF BEY. DENIED
WILSON, late Bishop of, Calcutta, By Rev..licadak
Bateman, DLL With Portraits, Hans, and Illustrations.
Royal 8vo: Cloth, PAO.'
This noble volume contains a feast of good things, which
readers are always reluctant to'leave.
MASSON'S LIFE. OF MILTON. Narrated in Connexion
with the Political, Ecclesiastical, and Literary History of
his Time. By. Masson A.M.,. Professor of English
Literature in TM Laity College, London. 'Vol. I. From
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12mo. Cloth, $1.25.. "''
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THAMISSION OF THE COMFORTER; With Copious
Notes (translated for the American Vtlitton.) BY. Julius
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. . . .
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Two:volumes of rare literary value, upon such subjects as
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f5112. 4 2.1v 55 Wstsbington St.. Batton.
THE AMERICAN TRACT SOCIETY.
DICTION/aI:X.OP THE HOLY BIBLE, with Chronological
Tables, 5 Maps, and 250 Engravings, large !brio.; 80 cents,
cloth; 81, gilt; '81.25, sheep; 82.25, morocco. Postage 26
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81cEratars TRO Lrra, Second Series 60 80 19
LIFE AND WRITINGS OF DR. DODDRIDGO 10 'BO 18
'WE or REV. RICHARD 1NI1,1 ; With POTtrattAo 55 11
HARTZ TO THE lizsour., with Frontispiece .35 45 10
SEAMEN'S NARRAITTRA4O Engravings 30 40 9
TEE YOUNG Itor-Picnnits Illustrated 15 20 5
The Fondly ChrlMian Almanac for 1861.
This Almanac of 64 Pages. contains 1.11 beautiful Infiniti-
None, with a largo variety of original' and selected reading
for old and young.
It is furnished with four Calendars for the meridians of
Boston,. New-York, Washington. and Charleston;.with care-,
fully prepared calculations of Eclipses and Tide-tables; with
valuable statistical- and other information; and is adapted
for use throughout tho country. Price 6 cents, single; 60
cents a dozen; $3.60 a hundred; and $B4-a thousand. Post
age one cent each - to all parts of the country.
H. N. THISSEEL, Agent,
No. 929 °hest:tut Strooti
When completed, six years ago, the ST. NICHOLAS vas
universally pronounced the moat magnificent, convenient,
and thoroughly organized establishment of the, kind on this
What it was then, it remains to-day—without a rival in
size, in sumptuousness, and in the general elements of com
fort and enjoyment.
The Hotel has accommodations for 1,000 guests, including
100 complete suites of apartments for families.
tab S l nt 'es li of ' rtt; a t r h p re PE e ;rite eadinninig comfortably room seated at the
and nothing that
modern art has devised fin. the convenience and social gratifi
cation of the travelling public has, been omitted in its plan,
or is neglected in its practical details: .
Theearly reputation of the house at home and abroad, de
rived from its magnitude, its superb appointments, and its
Rome-like comforts and luxuries, has been enhanced every
year by the unwearied exertions - of the , ' Proprietors.
sep22-3m TREADWIILL, WHITCOMB & CO.
: EATON, CREE & IVIACRUDIPS
• WHOLESALE . AND RETAIL
Nos. 17 atid . l9, Fifth Street; Pittsburgh, Pa.
DRESS TRIMMINGS,' EMBROIDERIES; '
WrilL3L-sfiatruir - 411U-43.4:04111Lat
Ribbons, Flowers . , and RuphOs,
CLOVES . ; GAUNTLETS, AND MITTS;
. Boston 'Bibbed Hosiery and - Woolen Roods.
Steel Spring Skirts, French Corsets, Ladies' Underarms,
Gentlemen's Shirts, Collars, Cravats, Suspenders, &c.;
• Silk, Wool, and Merino Under-shirts and Drawers;
Bead, Braid and Chenille Hair Nets ; Fancy Bas
kets and Leather Bags; Brushes, Combs, &c.;
Zephyr and Shetland Wool, Fancy
And a large list of FANCY ARTICLES AND NOTIONS.
Our advantages for buying are unsurpassed' by any house
East or West. 'Purchasing directly from First Hands, prin
cipally for Cash, we are enabled to sell to CITY AND COUN
TRY DEALERS equally as to* as any Eastern Jobbing House.
MERCHANTS, MILLINERS, AND DEALERS,
Who buy to sell again, are invited to call and examine our
stock, and note our prices, before snaking their purchases.
• EATON, CREE A &UMW,
N 0.17 Fifth Street, Pittsburgh. - -
*„:roirrot - BsALB DEPARTMENT, on the Second Floor of
Nos. 17 and DI sepls47t
..• . . •
SAVE THEY; BEFORE If , 1S TOO LATE.
a.. SILL •
has removed to
• • 'No. 246 Penn Street ,
in the hones formerly occupied by Dr. Q. H. Keyser, opposite
Christ church. He will give all the modern improvements.
Teeth inserted at various prices,
FROM $l5 TO $B2 FEB SET.
• • • REFERENCES:
. Rev. W. D. How Ann, Rev. Smstiptt FINDLEY . ,
•'A. Buraymr, A. G. AVGAN - DrzErg,
Tionurrs . W. G. l'asAuur,
Dr. Gron.az G..K.T.y5x14 W. Isinm
Samort,hi'Kst. .. • mar.24-ly
WE INVITE THE ATTENTION OF
•tho public to the PLIMADELPHIA.
Housekeeping . Dry Goods Store,.
where may be 'found a large assortment of all kinds of Dry
Goods,- - required:in furnishing a house, thus saving the
trouble usually .experienced in hunting such articles, in va
rionsplaces. Di . consequence of our giving our attention to
this kind of stock, to the exclusion of dress and fancy. goods,•
we tan guarantee our prices and styles to be the most favera
blo in the market. • " • •
IN LINEN .G00D5,..,
we are able to give perfect satisfaction, being the Oldest Es
taNished Ltinew Sterein the city, and having been for more
than twenty years regular importers from seine of the best
thanufacturere in Ireland. We offer, also, a large stock of
FLANNELS AND MUSLINS,
of the best qualities to be obtained, and at the very" lowest
prices. Also, Blankets, Quilts, Sheetings, Tickings, Damask
Table Cloths, and Napkins, Towellings, Diapers, Ruckabacks,
Table and Piano Covers, Damasks and Moraine, Lace and
Muslin -Curtains, Dimities,- Furniture Chintzes, Window
Shadings, &c., &c. *DIN V. COWELL & SON,
S. W. corner of Chestnut and Seventh Ste.,
aP 3041 Philadelphia,
SAVFN' G 'FUND.
NATIONAL SAFETY TRUST COMPANY,
Chartered by the State of Pennsylvania.
1. Money is received every day, and in any amount, large
2. FIVE PER CENT. interest is paid fOr menet from the
day it, is put in. • • -
3. The money is always paid back in GOLD, whenever it is
called for, and without notice. •
4. Money is received from. Executors, Administrators,
Guardians, and other's, who desire to have it in a place of per
fent safety, and whereinterest can be obtained for it.
5. The money received from depositors is invested in REAL
ESTATE, MORTGAGES, GROUND 'RENTS,. and snob other
firatolass securities as the Charter directs.,
6. 'OFFICE HOURS—Every day from 9 till 5 o'clock, and
on Mondays and. Thursdays till 8 o'clock in the evening.
HON. HENRY L. RENNER, President.
ROBERT SELFRIDGES ViCe•PEOSideitt.
William J. Reed, Secretary:C orner
Air OFFICE Walnut Street, South-West Cof Third
Street, Philadelphia. jan23-ly '
The American. Sunday .School Union
The 810 Sunday School Libraries for distribution as per
legacy in Will of. the late CHARLES BREWER, will, be
ready for delivery on and after .Inly 1001, 1060. .
The Sunday Schools entitled to these _Libraries are those
established in Allegheny County, Pa., since March 31st,
1850. , • • •
Applicants will be required to subscribe to statement- giv
ing name, location, and date of organization• of the School;
name and Post. Office address of. Superintendent; average
. number of teachers and scholars in attendance, and amount
then contributed for support of School. •
Reasonable evidence, by amount:of contributions and oth
erwise, of the permanence of the School still be required..:
Apply to .. F. H. EATON,
Of ExToN,,ORZE MACRUM,
innafi:firn N 0.17 Fifth St.. Pittshorgh.
SPRING STYLES ,FOB. _ 1 •
In. great variety ; embracing , in put, a large and well se,
lected stock of Fancy French and English
CASSINIERES AND COATINGS,
Together with as Roe an assortment of Black and Colored
MOTHS AND YESTINGS, as the manufactories of Europe
can produce, which arc adapted to the wants of gentlemen of
taste, who appreciate style and quality in clothing.
- ...SAIRUBL GRAY & SON,
N 0.19 Fifth St., Pittsburgh.
NEW FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
H. SMITH, Merchant Tailor,
Is now prepared to. offer to: his customers and the public a
fine assortment of CLOTHS, CASSIALERNS, VESTINGS,
AND OVER-COATINGS, all of the latest and most approved
styles. Also, a line assortment of Gents' Furnishing Goods
will be found at
Smith's Merchant Tailoring Estalilbibment,.:
marl?-ly NO. 84 MMUS. STREET, PITTSBURGH.
Jogs D. AITORD ' ' JANES S. M'CORD.
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN
Hats, Caps, and Straw Goods,
, . .
I. 3 I. — TOO d'S t r C e t‘9 ' P. i
t t t b UT g h'
Have now on hand for Spring sales as large and complete an
assortment of Goode as : can be foniul -in any of tbelastern
cities, consisting of
Fur Silk, and. Wool Hats,
of every style and quality ; CAPS of every guality and latest
fashions; Palm' Leaf, Straw, Leghorn, and Panamit EATS;
Straw, and Silk BONNETS, etc.. etc. Persons wishing to
purchase either by Wholesale or Retail,. will find it to their
advantage to call and examine our stock. marl9.ly
VIRST PREIViTeiVi AWARDED BY
THE STATE FAIR TO
GRAD JIF Cle 11C4E"...,
FOR THE BEST • • -
S TAYY E S AND RANGES.,
For Families, and BEST WOOD COOK STOVE.
Ire NO. 245 LIBERTY. STREET, at the head of Wood,
S. A y ,
Book and Job Printer,:
STATIONER,, STEREOTYPER, BLANK BOOK MANU
FACTUR.ER, and Dealer - in. AMERICAN ,AND FOREIGN
PAPERS,. Corner of Market and Second, and Wood and
Third Streets, Pittsburgh, Pa. ' -
Particular attention paid to printing Catalogues for Colleges
and Seminaries, Programmes, Diplomas, and Selma( Reports:
BARGAINS IN PIANOS.
NEW AND SECOND-HAND PIANOS:
Wishing to mduce my stock of Renting Pianos, I will sell
the followihg desirable lot or New and - Second-hand Planes
now in store' and ready for examination = and sale at the
extremely low . prices annexed, to them, and those who do
purchase may be assured that such opportunity is MI.
dam offered. On those marked for Cask, no discount will be
Those for, sale on credit, Thrso Months only twin. be
given, and mast be settled for by, note, payable in the city,
or a discount' of three percent. for cash. The following
Rosewood Seven -Octave Pianos,
A new and elegant 7 octave Rosewood Louis XIV. Piano,
with all the latest impievenients, made e*pressly for
subscriber, and will be warranted.. The , factory price
of this style is $500; for sale at... $385
Another of the same style and price 385
Another from the same maker, in an elegant Rosewood
Case, manufacturers' price 6375 ; for 280.
An elegant Rosewood 7 octave Piano, made by Emerson,
Boston; in perfect order, and in 1180 leas than one year;
the price when new was $350 • 240
A richly carved 7 octave, new and large scale Rosewood ,
Piano, made by A. It Gale, the New York price of
which One year ago was SISO 290
TwO elegant Resewciod 7 octave Pianos, carved mould.
ings ; scale from Ato A; made by Gale - Co., aired&
ered by good judges as among the first of the New
York makers, at the low price of 276
One same style, 6 octaves • 250
One elegant Rosewood Chickering & Son's 7 octave, old
scale, in use not more than six months, the retail price
of which is $375 290
THE FOLLOWIIiii.A.RE_FiR CAE WILY:
A Mahogany, double-round corners, 6 octave, made byA.
Chiekermg & Bone
A ltortrood, 6 . oetaye, 14,2r . iltItinson ... 150
A Mahogani, 6nOti've, YYilkine.R N 135
A Mahogany, 6 oritave, by Chiekering & Stewart 60
A Mahogany, 6 octave, by &herr 60
A Mahogany 6 rietayO,"Lond & Brd
A Rosewood, 6 octave, Chitkering 150.
A Rosewood, 6 oetave r Nanns & Clark 120
/Kir Basking" Boxes will be furnished, rind the Piano
packed, free of c*arge, - to.go to a distance. • - .
.TOTp7 U. mEtt . oß,
,f4 - 23.ay o,wilda-ared.
WHOLESALE AND iIIt.ETAIL,
" t I
ON A CREDIT OP THREE MONTHS.
THE AMALGAMATION OF
There is a growing tendency in this age to appropriate the
most expressive words of other languages, and after a while
to incorporate them into our own; thus the word Cephalic,
which is from the Greek, signifying " for the head," Is now
becoming popularized in connexion with Mr. Spalding's ANSON,
great Headache remedy, but it will soon be need in a more at FURNISHING UNDERTAKER,
general way, and the word Cephalic will Isscome es common •
as Electrotype and many others whose distinction as foreign' . 00 . 60 Smithfield Street, keeps constantly on hand a large
ftS . Sortment or ffeady-Made Coffins, Metallic Cases 9 Shrouds,
words has been worn away by common usage until they seem
sm., of the latest styles. Personal services in all cases wh e i,
" native and to the manor born." rcenired, and no pains will be spared to give entire satisfs
bon, and relieve the friends of the many unpleasant duties
, necessarily connected with the preparations for burial, at
greatly reduced prices. Rooms open day andisight. He
and Carriages furnished.
11l 'ad 'n 'orrible 'eadacho this hafternoon, hand I stepped
into the hapotheearies hand says I to the man, " Can you
home me of an 'eadache I" "Does it bathe 'ard," says 'C.
"lioxceedingly," says hi, hand upon that he gave me a.
Cephalic Pill, hand 'pen me 'Tor it cured me so quick that
I'ardly realized I 'ad 'ad an 'eadacho.
• Headache is the favorite sign by. which nature makes
known any deviation whatever- from the natural state of the
brain, and viewed in this light it may be looked on as a safe
guard intended to give notice of disease which might other
wise escape attention till too late to be remedied , and its in
dications should never be neglected: Headaches may be
classified under, two names, viz.: Symtomatic and Idiopathic.
Symtomatie Headache is exceedingly- common, and is the
precursor of a great variety of diseases, among which aro.
Apoplexy, Gout, Rheumatism and all febrile diseases. Inits
nervous form' it is sympathetic of disease - of the stomach, con
stituting sick headache ; of hepatic disease, constituting bil
ious headache, of worms, constipation and other disorders of
the bowels, as well as renal and uterine affections. Diseases
of the heart are very frequently attended with Headaches;
AllB3Mireand plethora are also affections which frequently oc
casion headache. Idiopathic Headache is also very common,
being- usually distinguished by the name of nervous head
ache, sometimes coming on suddenly in a date of apparently
sound health and prostrating at once the mental and physical
energies, and hi other instances it comes on slowly, heralded
by depression of spirits or acerbity of temper. -In most in
stances the pain is in the front of the head, over one or both
eyes, and sometimes provoking vomiting; under this class
may also be named Neuralgia.
For the treatment of either class of Headache, the Cepha
lic Pills have been found a• sure and safe remedy, relieving
the most acute pains in a few minutes, and by its subtle
power eradicating 'diseases of which Headache is the unerring ,
Bamorr.—Missus wants you to send her a box of Cephalic
Glue, no, a bottle of Prepared Pills—bnt.l'm tbinkingtbat's
not just it, neither; but, perhaps ye 'it be either knowing
it is. Ye see' she's nigh dead and gone with - the Sick
ifeadachei and wants some more of that earns as relnived her'
DRI7GGIBT.—YOU mast mean Spalding's Cephalic Pills.
. BamoeT.—Och I sure now and you've Ned it; here's the
quartlaer and giv me the Pills ana don't be all day about it
No one of the "many ills flesh is heir to" is So prevalent,
so little understood, and so much neglected, as Costiveness.
Often originating in carelessness, or sedentary habits, it is re
garded as a slight disorder of too little consequence to ex-,
cite anxiety, while in reality it is the precursor and com
panion of many of the mast fatal and dangerous diseases,
and unless early eradicated it. ill bring the sufferer to an
untimely grave. Among the lighter evils of which costive
ness is the usual. attendant, are. Headache, Colic, Rhenma
tin% Foul Breath, Piles, and others of like nature, while a
long train of frightful diseases, such as Malignant Fevers,
Abscesses, Dysentery, Diarrhoea, Dyspepsia, Apoplexy, Epi
'MOT,. Paralysis, Hysteria, Nypochondriasis, Melancholy and
Insanity, first indicate their prmence in the system by ORS
alarming symptom. Not unfrequently the diseases named
originate in Constipation, hat take on an independent ex
istence unless the cause is eradicated at an , early stage.
From all these considerations, it follows that the disorder
should receive immediate attention whenever it °Ceara; and
no, person should neglect to get a box of Cephalic Pills on
the first skpearanee of the complaint, as their timely usewill
expel the Insidious approaches of disease, and destroy this
dangerous foe*, human life.
A Real Blessbag.
Pinmeram—Well, Mrs. Jones, howls that headache?
Mas. Jonas.--Gone!_ Doctor, all gone!. the pill you sent
cured me in just twenty minutes, and I wish you would -
more, so that I can halve them handy. • .
Phrsictsm.—You can get them at any Druggist's. Call for
Cephalic Pills, I find they never fail, and I recommend 'them
• in all cases of Headache.
Iles. Jo:NEL—I shall send for a box, directly, and shall tell
all my suffering friends, for they area reat blessing.
Twenty Millions of Dollars Saved.
hfr. Spalding has sold two millions of bottles of his cele
brated Prepared Glue, and it is estimated that each bottle
saves at least ten dollars worth of broken furniture, thus
making an aggregate of twenty millions of dollars reclaimed
from totalloss by this valnable invention. Having made his
Glue " a household-word, he now proposes to do the world still
greater service by curing all the aching, heads with. his
Cephalic Pills, and if they are as'good aslui Glue, 'Headaches
will soon vanish away like snow in July.
and the mental care and anxiety ineidentloclose attention to
business and study, are among thenumerous causes of Ner-
Tons Headache. The discirdered state amind and body In
cident to this distressing complaint, Is a. fatal blow to all
energy and ambition. Sufferers by this disorder can always
obtain speedy relief, from these distressing attacks by using
one of the Cephalic Pills whenever the symptoms appear. It
quiets the overtasked brain, and soothes-the strained and
jelling nerves, and relaxes the tension.of the stomach which
always accompanies and aggravates the disordered condition
of the brain. . •
Fart ifot;th Knowhig.
Spalding's Cephalic Pills are a certain cure for Sick Head
ache, Bilious Headache, Nervous Headache, Costiveness, and
General Debility.— •
Among the most important of all the great medical discov
erica of this ago may be considered the system of vaccination
for protection from Small Pox,. the Cephalic Pill,, for, relief
of 4eadache, and, the use of Quinine for, the prevention of
leevcre. either of which is a sure-specitc, whose benefits will
be Oxpeiienced• by suffering- humanity long after their dia.
coverers are forgotten.
Did .Ton.. Ever Have the Sick Headache!
Do you.remember the throbbingtemples, the fevered brow,
the loathing and disgust at the sight of f9od ? how totally
linfityou were for pleasure, conversation, or study? One of
the Cephalic Pillswould have relieved you from all the suffer
ing which you then, experienced. For this and other pur
poses you should always have a lxix. of them on band to use
as occasion requires.
CURE SICK READACHE
CURE NERVOUS HEADACHE!
CURE , ALL BINDS OF HEADACHE!
By the use of these Pills the periddio attacks of Nervous
or Sick Headache may be prevented; and if taken at the
commencement of an attack, immediate relief from pain and
sickness,will be obtained. ,
They seldom fail in removing the Nausea and headache to
which females are so subject.
They act gently-on the bowels—removing Costiveness.
FonLiterary Men, Students, Delicate Females, and all per
sons of sedentary habits, they are valuable as a Laxative, im
proving the appetite, giving tone and vigor to the digestive
organs, and restoring the natural elasticity and strength of
the, whole system. .
arothe result of long investigation and carefully conducted
experiments,having been in use many years, during which
time they hnve prevented and'relieved a vast amount of pain
and suffering from Headache, whether originating in the ner
vous system or a deranged state of the stomach.
They are entirely vegetable in their.compoeition,and may
be taken at all tittles with perfect safety 'without aking any.
change of diet; and the absence. of any dist4grecaltle taste
renders it easy to administer them to childrext.
BEWARE OF COUNTERFEITS I
The genuine have five signatures of Henry Spalding on
Sold by Druggists and all other Dealent in llfedieine.
Box will be sent by mail, prepaid, on receipt of the
Price, 25 Cents.
All orders should be addressed to'
HENRY C. SPALDINGr,
48 Cedar "'%beet, Newolork
46 North Fourth Street,
O. lIPNIBBEN & SON, Proprletos.
A. V. SCOTT_. .....W. H. STURGEON N. Ll. WALKER
SCOTT, STURGEON 811. CO.,
IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS IN
Foreign and Domedle Fancy GoOds and Baalien s
And mannfacture= of all kinds of Looking Glasses and
Ale - No. 62 Wood St., corner of Fourth, Pittsburgh, Pa.
For En — iancy and Economy,
SURPASSES ALL OTHER. ILLIIMINATING OILS now i n
market. It will burn In all 'epics of coal oil lamps, is per
fectly safe, and free from all offensive oiler. Illenufeeterm
and for sale by , -
W. MAOICE OWN,
fell-ly • 167 LIBERTY STREET, Pirrssream
-1 1 Mr. =ll, 411` Jr" 11M
A FIRST-CLASS CURE,
In its sixth year. Boom for over one hundred patients.
Kir Send for Circular, to
H. FREASE, M. D,,
R 0 0 .F -I N G .
(Late Bans Joriarßon,)
Sole Manufacturer and Dealer fn the following - three distinct
kinds of Roofing:
hut. Oum Elastic Cement, Felt and Can'ess Roofing.
2d. Improved Felt, Cement and GmeelSoofmg.
3d. Patent English Asphaltive Felt Roofing.
• Alt Fire and Water Proof, and Warranted.
Roofing .Material for sale, with printed instructions for
Office at Bates k Johru3on's old stand,
74 Smithfield Street, Pittsburgh. Pa.
_N. B.—This OEM CEMENT is unequalled as a paint for
Metal Itoidu, lasting twice as long, and cheaper than common
paint; also as a patnt to prevent dampness in Brick Walls.
dec3-ly • WM JOHNSON,
G 13 . DI PACKING
- Gum GASKETS.
.A..large assortment, all sizes and thickneases,constantly on
hand and for sale at the Leather store of
M. DE LANGE,
oetertf 233 Liberty. Street, opposite bead or Wood.
The Best in Use.
A NEW STYLE, ONLY $35.00,
Making the SHUTTLE, or LOCK Simms, which is appoirred for
all kinds of work, and forvery many varietioa is the only ad
A new supply of both Family and Manufacturing Machines
just received. //Or AGENTS WANTED.
Send for Circular and Terms.
Address HENRY M. RHOADS, Agent,
marlo-13 , Federal Street, Allegheny City
OIL AND _LEATHER STORE.
B. NTRKPA.TRICK & SONS, No. 31 S. THIRD Sr.. between
Market and Chestnut Ste., Philadelphia, have for sale
-Dry and Salted Spanish Hides.
Pky and Green Salted Patna Kips, Tanner's Oil. Tanner's and
Currier's Tools at the lowest prices, and upon the best terno,
tinds of Leather in the rough wanted, for wbieh
the highest market price will be given in axed]. or taken ire
exchange for Hides. Leather stored free of charge. and sel4
on commission. jan2n-1 y
C S. BISSELL .e F. S. BISSELL.
COOKING, PARLOR, AND HEATING
MiP3lO 41. -1 1167 - 31 E,
Orate, Fronts, Fenders, Ranges, &v.,
NO. 224 LIBERTY STREET, PITTSBURGII, PENNA.
SYMPTOMS OF WORMS.
MHE countenance is pale and leaden-
I colored, with occasional flushes, or a cir
cumscribed spot on one or both cheeks; the
eyes become dull; the pupils dilate; an
azure semicircle runs along the lower eye
lid; the nose is irritated, swells, and some
times bleeds; a swelling of the upper lip;
occasional headache, with humming or
throbbing of the ears;
an unusual secretion
of saliva; slimy or furred tongue; breath
very foul, particularly in the morning; ap
petite variable, sometimes voracious, with a
knowing sensation of the stomach, at others,
entirely gone; fleeting pains in the stomach;
occasional nausea and vomiting ; violent
pains throughout. *e abdomen- '
regular, at times costive; stools slimy; not
=frequently tinged with blood; belly swol
len and hard; urine turbid; respiration oc
casionally difficult, and accompanied by
hiccough; cough sometimes dry and convul
sive; uneasy and disturbed sleep, with
grinding of the teeth; temper variable, but
generally irritable, Sm.
Whenever the above symptoms are
found to exist,
DR. MEANE'S VERMIFUGE
Will certainly effect a cure.
The universal success which has at•
tended the administration of this prepar
ation has been such as to warrant us in
pledging ourselves to the public to
RETURN THE MONEY
in every instance where it should prove inef
fectual: "providing the symptoms attending
the sickness of the child or adult should
warrant the supposition of worms being the
cause." In all cases the Medicine to be given
IN STRICT ACCORDANCE WITH THE DIRECTIONS.
We pledge ourselves to the public, ti at
Dr. M'Lane's Vemdfuge
DOES NOT CONTAIN MERCURY
in my form; and that it is an innocent
preparation, not capable of doing the
slightest *jury to the most tender infant
Address all orders to
FLEMING BROS., .PITTSEURCH,
P. 8. psalm and i'llyidebene ordering from others then
Fleming Brae, win. do well to write their orders dietinetlY,
and take none but Dr. Arians's, prepared by Plelniag
Dree Fittebeerylly .11‘. To those wishing to give them a
Mal, we will, forward per man, poet Paid , to any Part of
thelllnited Stater, one box of Pills for twelve three-eenr
postage damps, or One 'dig of . ' , Armitage for fourteen
three-cent stamps.. All orders from "Canada gaud be se
oompenied by twenty cent. extra. -
byDroWete end Country Store Keepers
, EttiMN G
mu s. WINSLOW,
An ospericentd Nam add Finials Physician, presents to the eta.
• Sion of mothers, her
FOR • CHILDREN TEETHING,
which greedy farilltebee the ream of teething, by gotta:Min the P 174
redecieicall indeannethe—will alley ALL PAIN and aromatic actin,'
• SURE T© :REGULATE THE BOWELS.
Depend upon it, methen, 'ern give rest to yourselves, and
RELIEF , AND HEALTH TO YOUR INFANTS.
Vellum put me and mold tlele article for am ten yews, and Cd l
SAY; IN CON FI DENCE AND TRUTH of it whet we weer Moe te,c
'able to lay of airy other medidne,—NEV ER HAS IT FAILED, 1 :`
SINGLE INSTANCE, TO EFFECT A CURE,when timely mei;
Never did we know en h 01411106 of dimatisfectien byes, one who cud
It.. On the contrary; MI ere flag bled with its operatfeem, and ern':
In firma of commendation of its I effects and medical virtue
We speelein this rdetter WHAT DO KNOW,. e(tsr two sere
e_rgertenee, AND FLEDGE OUR REPUTATION 'FOR THE
F.H.LbUENT OF•WHAT WE HERE DECLARE. In eirmet every,
Manse where the infant L suffering from pan end exhaustion, raid . '"
be'tonna in Ilftwe or twenty minutes oßey the syrup Is atingoittered2. .
Thin valuable prepareteon la the_pr_mereption of one of the met E.
PERIENCED and SKILLFUL I.W.EDS m New England, maw ben
teed with NEVER FAILING SUCCESS in
THOUSANDS OF CASES.
the child fromYada,. hat invigorate. the &oath
sad bowel., corrects acidity, sod gases foam and mere, to tk aibt
sTrtom. It will aimest loelantly relieve GRATING IN THE BOWEir
AND WIND COLIC, end overcome coavolniame which. if net 5p , 4.;.,'
remedied. rod hi death. We believe It aha BEST AND WREST d..•
LINDY IN THE WORLD, in all elmsf DYSENTERY AND DUB
REM\ IN CHILDREN, whether it ar ises from teething, or free' coy
other nom. We woad my to eve mothermba lea a child suder9,
Dom may of the fore com te—DO NOT LET TOUR PRE.
lODIC= , NOR TiIIPREJ UDICES OF OTHERS, eland Mtwre n
eod you eafearing child, acid the relief that will be SURE - 1,:
ABSOLUTELY SURE—to follow ,- the me of this medicine, ,t Mr'
ued.":"Foll directions for muger,ll aceempaim each bottle. M"
gamine velem the far-aimile of CURTIS do PERK INS, New Telt,.
tba ooteld• Mien% Sold by propri to *mei out the "' hi "
Pranciml, Ofrwe, 13 Cedar
Two" as mesas 755 'lams: