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PITTSBURGH, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8,1860.
or Raving purchased for our Office the "Eight" to use
Dick's Accountant and Dispatch Patent, aft, or nearly alt,
Of our subscribers now have their papers addressed to them
regularly by a singularly unique machine, which fastens
nn the tohite margin a small colored. "address stamp," or
label, whereon appears their name plainly printed, followed
by thetfate up to which they have aid for their papers—this
being authorised by an Act of Congress. The date will
always be advanced on the receipt of subscription money,
in 'Oast accordance with the amount so received, and thus
Ile an ewer-ready and valid receipt; securing to every one,
and at all times, a perfect knowledge of his newspaper ac
ount. so that 0 , any error is made,he can immediately' de
fect it and.tave it corrected—a, boon alike valuable to the
4 publisher and subscriber, as it mast terminate all painful
psiSunilerstandiugs bettbeen them respecting account/4 and
thus tend to perpetuatetheir important relationship.
sa* Those in arrears will please remit.
THE SABBATH SCHOOL VISITOR.
The improvement in' this little messen
ger. of love to the children, is immense.
N 406 commend it most heartily to Sabbath
Schools and families. There is now an
issue of from sixty to seventy thousand
copies. Thu number should be greatly in
creased. Let it reach every family where
there is a child old enough to read, or tp
understand a little narrative by having it
read; or even to admire a pretty picture.
Early acquired knowledge is indispensable
to a proper development of the moral pow
ers, and we love .to• have knowledge asso
ciated With that which is pleasing to the
eye, and refilling to the taste. Let the
little ones have the Visitor.
END OF VOLUME.
ONE number after the present, will
complete the eighth volume of the Presby
terian Banner. k prompt renewal of sub
scriptions is earnestly desired. We wish
also an increase. Will not our friends help
us? We press the more urgently, from a
confidence that the subscriber is amply re
munerated ; and that whoever induces his
.neighbor to take the Banner, confers a
very great benefit upon that neighbor and
We cannot promise rewards and pre
miums. Our terms are too low for that;
but we trust that ministers and elders, and
all good men, women, and children will aid
us from a principle of love. Sustain THE
PRESBYTERY OF OHM
' The Presbytery of Ohio held its Stated
meeting at .Mingo, last week. Business
was transacted with great harmony.
Mr. WILLIAM GREENOUGH, late of the
Western Theological Seminary, was or
dained and installed as pastor at Mingo.
The reception of Mr. GRI E.rouGH by the
people, is cordial, and the prospects of use
fulness are fair. This congregation en
joyed.the labors of the late Rev. Dr. RAL
STON, for over forty years.
A call, from the.dew congregation of
Fairview, (Munnstow.n,) was presented to
Rev. S. M. McCtuNG, which he accepted.
An adjourned meeting of the Presby
tery to be held in the Lecture-Room of
the First church, Pittsburgh, on Tuesday,
Sept. 11th, at 2 o'clock P. M.
CHURCH PREROGATIVE IN RELATION TO VOL
The late General Assembly, at Rochester
passed a resolution, unanimously, affirming
its right to uphold and defend truth and
righteousness, and to oppose sin, by com
mending, or by warning against all kinds
of influences and combinations in society.
It at the same time added that no sufficient
reason then appeared for any new action
on the subjects of Temperance and Coloni
zation. The Presbytery of Louisville
which, last Spring, had taken a strong po
sition against such right, on the part of
the Assembly, seems to be much pleased
that the Assembly did no more than affirm
its right. This appears in the fdllowipg:
Resolved, That the Presbytery of Lou
isville feels called upon to express its high
gratification with this action of the Gen
eral Assembly; and the hope that the
general concurrence of the Assembly in
this action may lead to an equally general
concurrence of the Church at large, in the
view that no additional action is necessary
on the whole subject.
For our part we should be pleased to see new
developments of social action tq i commend;
and as we cannot expect in this day of sin,
that there will be no social evils, we trust
that our General Assembly will be ever
faithful in raising a warning voice, when
the occasion for it shall occur.
1 PEW FOR EVERT FARR
The property of the country should sup
port the Church - . We would not recom
mend a tax, by law, for Church purposes—
we would not even submit to such a tax, if
it were possible for us successfully to resist
it. But still the property should support
the Church. The obligation is a moral one.
The contribution must be the voluntary
offering of the property holders to the
Church, of their own choice, and in such
amounts as may be needed.
Property has a very large part of its
value, its security, from the influence of
religion. All citizens do not have farms.
A large majority have no real estate
of any kind. The non-owners have
the numbers and the physical power in the
community, and they could divide the
lands by force, or tax them enormously; or
they coulditestroy imjrovements, or plun
der the products. Why do they not accom
plish these things. They are restrained
by their own, and by the public sense of
right and wrong. This moral sense they
have , from religion. It is due to the
Church—her Bible, her preaching, her or
dinances,3 her influence upon the conscience
of the community. A return should hence
be made to her. The property should sup
port her, , for the benefit she renders to it.
The Church preserves the farmer's crops
from pillage—preserves his fences, his
barns, his house, his cattle—preserves all
that he has. He is hence bound, in moral
honesty, and bound byhis own interests,
to do his proper portion' toward sustaining .
religion where his farm is thus protected.
And the man who has two farms should do
double is much as he does who has but one.
That is, for every farm a man has, he
should rent a pew in the church, or should
lease each farm to a family that will be :the
proprietors of a pew.
Our remarks might be greatly extended.
We might %peak of many other kinds of
property; and also of the influence of re
ligion on personal safety. But we suspend
the utterance of our thoughts, requesting
,our readers, who own lauded estate, to look
seriously at the subject, in the light in
Ai& we have presented it, and see if we
are not right in saying, apew for every farm.,
We give space, on our first page, to an
extract, on civil government, from a sermon
preached by Rev. D. X. JuNKIN, D.D., be
fore the last , General Assembly, and pub
lished by the Board of Domestic Missions.
Ibis our custom :to notice works sent to us,
Iy . anthers and publisheis ; and when they
Submit their productions for this purpose,
it is supposed that *e are free, and will not
be made to miff& for an honest exercise of
our judgment. If journalists are to be
'subjected to the publishing of cards, and of
whole pages of books, their freedom is
gone, and their criticisms become useless.
It is hence a rule, with them, not to permit
their notices to be controverted in their
own columns. We, however, consent, on
special considerations, for once, to suspend
Dr. JUNKIN sends us the following:
Alessrs. Edztors :—ln your otherwise kind no
tice of the - dermon which I preached, by appOint
ment, before the General Assembly at Rochester,
you say that, in your opinion, the views of civil
Government which I express are "very erro
neous ;" but leave the readers of the sermon to
judge for themselves of their correctness. New
this would be very well, if all the readers of the
Banner could.also obtain.a.copy of the sermon.
But you know that is nn impossibility; so that
before thousands of your readers, who will never
see my sermon, I stand charged by yqu with ad
vancing, in a sermon, before the General Assem
bly, " very erroneous" sentiments. My character
—especially my;character as a faithful expounder
of. God's Word—isMymost valuable earthly pos-
Aession, and I know you would not wantonly or
needlessly rob me of this. I prize the good
opinion of all your readers. Many of my people
who take your journal will not see my sermon.
Would it not be fair to give your readers an op
portunity of judging of my sermon, by reprinting
!.llLat part of. it which you think so " very erro
neous?" All I say on the subject of chill
ernment does not occupy four pages. I believe
the views 'expressed to be eminently Scriptural,
Presbyterian, Republican, sound, and safe. Rill
you let your readers have a chance of condemn
ing me or of acquitting me of the serious charge
you have preferred? P. N. JUNKIE.
The extract requested, is given in full,
with the author's CAPS and Italics. Some
of the statements and expressions are ex
cellent; others are, as we before said, very
erroneous. The State is as really ;An ordi
nance of God, as is the Church. Both are
composed of men, rational, accountable,
and needin'g instruction. God gives in
strus,tion by reason and experience, but
especially does he give it in his written
Word. He there speaks to men. All are
under his government. He teaches all
that which they most need to know, for
this world and the next. He enjoins things
civil, as well as things spiritual. He pre
scribes for time, as, well as for eternity. He
rules in goodness and mercy over sinners,
as really as over saints; and he addresses
the fears of each, as well as their hopes.
All are bound, in all things—whether they
eat, or drink, or whatever they do—to re
gard his gldry. Both departments of his
kingdom, the civil and the religious, are
administered in this world. Both are de
.signed.for the happiness of the came sub
jects. There can then, of right, be no
a antagonism." It is an error to make
them antagonistic. God has not made them
so. He does not permit. men to be Chris
tians in the Church, and Atheists in the
State. He himself is Lord of each, arid in
each he demands reverence.
Neither has God confined civil govern
ment to operate by fear alone, and to the
use only of the sword. The Scriptures do
not confine it to the employt'nent xnerely•of
force and terror. Nor does reason so con
fine it; nor utility; nor common sense.
No; but the reverse. Everything produc
tive of human well-being in this world—it
not attempting to interfere with conscience
and the soul's relation to God--is within
Civil government is not charged with
fitting men for immortality. It may,
hence, not teach religion, nor ordain wor
ship. In things strictly religious, it may
neither prescribe nor prohibit. In these
it must leave the soul free. It is in things
temporal that it has its field of operation.
Its end is to protect person, property, and
reputation; to promote happiness; and to
afford facilities for th'e development of
men's poWers, and for the acquisition and
use of all the means of physical, intelligent,
and social progress and enjoyment.
The State, in making the high attain
ments for which she was inttituted, needs
a general diffusion of knowledge, cultivated
intellect, and correct moral principle.
These give security, with freedom. These
:produce peace and plenty. These she must
have; and she is bound to see to their pro
duction. There must be institutions in,the
land, 'where these will be implanted and
Some degree of morality is indispensa
ble to the very existence of civil govern
ment`, and to a republic a very high de
gree is necessary. What would the oath
be worth in the absence of moral princi
ple ? Without moral principle, what se
curity could there he to liberty, person,
property, character, any thing which good
men hold dear ? Without moral principle,
officers would be oppressors, liberty would
be licentiousness, a constitution would' be
without value, and laws would be but a
This indispensable, the State may possi
bly have indirectly; and if so, it will be
well. A Christian people need but protect
'the Sabbath, keep worship free, foster edu
cation, and make good laws and administer
them uprightly, and morality will flourish.
Christianity carries morality with it—mor
ality of the best *kind; and all that Chris
tianity -needs, and all she should accept,
from the civil power, is, untrammelled
But, how different from all these senti
ments are the teachings of the sermon!
It set's :
"The State governs men- by force and
fear." * * * " Her only veission is
protection from force, by force. The only
weapon placed in her hands, by Divine au
thority, is the sword. The only motive to
which she may appeal, is fear. Civil goV
ernment is, strictly, a stranger to moral
suasion." * * "As magistrates,
their functions is compulsion—their argu
ment, the sword." * * * " Civil gov
ernment is * * sinTly an agency
for protecting sights and avenging wrongs
. byforce." * * " The doctrine .that
the religious principle of benevolence, that
reigns in the hearts of individuals and in
the bosom of the Church, may lawfully
warm the heart of the State, and become
the controlling impulse of civil legislation
and national action, is a child. born of the
unhappy wedlock of Church and State.
It was a monster birth, and is a most mis
chievous bantling. The principle. of Chris
tian charity never ought t,- became the im
pulse of government action: The. State,
like the corporations she creates, 'bath no
Soul.' Her cold and mail-clad bosom PeT
PRESBYTERIAN BANNER.7--SATURDAY SEPTEMBER' 8, 1860.
er was designed to grow warm with the
glow of charity, nor to feel:the throbbings
of compassion." * * * In civil gov
ernment, ballots are bayonets—* * * *
suffrage and the sword are inseparable."
What an odious monster civil govern
ment must thus be ! It must be from be
neath, rather than from above. •Surely
such a thing cannot be heaven-born, a gift,
of the God of love,,to his intelligent and
sensitive creattwes. According to this,
we, as a civil government, can have no
Sabbath, no prayer in a legislative Hall, no
favor to religion, no public schools, no
charters and no donations to Academies,
Colleges, Libraries, Hospitals, Infirmaries,
Asylums, &c., &c. There must be no God
acknowledged by government, no instruc
tion fostered, no morality inculcated, no
stimulants to goodness, no benevolence, no
love, no mercy. The State is thtis reduced
to a blank Atheism, only that the name of
God is retained in the administration of
the oath. Of such an institution, the
pieacher might well say, her only mm-
give is fear, and her only weapon the sword.
Happily, however, the sermon is a mis
take. God has .ordained no such thing.
Fallen as men are, and awful as are God's
judgments, mercy still abounds. He rules
in love. Civil government is, with him,
no " temporary eTpedient." It is a perma
nent institution, established in wisdom
and resultinc , in foreordained. benefits.. It
is a terror, but only; to evil doers; to those
who do well, it is a praise. -The ruler is a
minister of God, for good. Kings are nur
sing fathers, by the ,Divine ordinance.
Government is paternal. It bears the
sword, as the father bears the rod—as one,
and only as one, of the instrumentalities of
benefit. It:seeks the good of the whOle
family—every earthly good 'which can be
had under wise, just, and equitable arrange
It is a misapplication of Scripture to
say, that the State"may use only terror and
the sword; and, also, to say, that the "spirit
of bondage," in Rom. viii: 15, means civil
government. The State nee& honesty, in
tegrity, and uprightness in the people, and:
these are not results of terror 7 nor the
fruits of fear, nor the, products of, the
sword. They' are the offspring of quite a
different parentage. ,
Then let the. State have. her Sabbaths
and her chaplaincies; her sohools also, and
God's. Bible in them, for all her youthful
population; and also her laws against vice
and immorality, with upright judges to ad
minister them. Let ler be the civil gov
ern ment of a Christian people, administer
ed by themselves, under God, in accordance
with the , fundamental principles of- upright
ness, equity, and benevolence.
ROME IND FOREIGN RECOREIOI - SEITEN 7
BELL . .
Relative to their fiscal affairs,- the Board
During the Summer months, the pecuniary
resources of the Board of Domestic Missions are
usually, very small. About the first of August
last, the Treasury was, in fact. overdrawn, .and;
the'l3oard were obliged to borrow funds to carry
on its current 'operations. For reasons not Alec- •
essary to state atdength, the Board have incur
red very large liabilities. ip •the.prosecution •of
this work. Under the circumstances, they felt
that they could not have done otherwise, and at
the same' , time, in any good degree have kept
pace with the constantly growing wants of our
country. The, many and promising fields which
Providence has opened, were urgently pressed
upon the Board, whilst, the embarrassed condi
tion of a large portion of Gm Western country
seemed to make it necessary' to continue, and 'in
some instances, increase the aid:afforded to our
faithful missionaries already in commission in
that field. Even with the large increase of
ninety-one additional laboreis, we were able to
meet only a lin3ited portion of the many pressing
demands upon the 'Board. '
In addition to the ordinary calls for assistance,
God in his providence has devolved upon. our
Church, in a very special manner, the remarkable
work now in progress amongst the French Colo
nists in Illinois. The General Assembly special
ly commend - this work to the Board of Domestic
Missions, and reccommend the churches to coiip
erate with the Board in its prosecution Already
large drafts have been made uPon us to meet the
exigency of this case, and to supply them at once
with a pure Gospel. liberal responses have
already been made to appeals for the relief of
their temporal wants, and as these have now
been supplied, we, cannot but hope 'that there
will be also prompt and liberalresponses to their
appeals for the bread of life.. •
We are aware that during - this season of the
year the city churches cannot advantageously
take up collections for the Board. This renders
it the more necessary that the country churchee
should take up collections, which most orthena
could advantageously do at this season. Our
reliance Must therefore be for the present almost
entirely upon the rural congregations. We trust
the pastors and officers of such churches will m
-1 alize their responsibility, and do what they can
to replenish our exhausted Treasury.
ItEcmlwrs, in July, at Philadelphia, $5,879; at
_Louisville, $2,773; at New-Orleans, $307. >
Of this amount, $4,000 seems to have
been 'legacies. The amount received on
loan is not stated.
The place vacated by the deceaSe of Dr.
VAN RENSSELAER, has not yet been filled, by
the election of a permanent, officer. Rev.
ROBERT WATTS acts tinder the appellation
of Assistant Corresponding Secretary.
RECEIPTS, in. July, at Philadelphia, $2,172; at
Pittsburgh, $227; at Louisville, $172.
FORL'IGN MISSIONS. '
CniNA.--Our latest letters are' dated Shanghai
May 14th: The brethren of Canton continue 'to
speak• encouragingly of that place as a promising
field of missionary labor. Since the opening, of
the new chapel they have had large and, attentive
audiences; there are Many indications that the
missionaries are fast gaining the ear of the peo
ple, and, what is better, their confidence and re
spect too. The letters from Isiingpo speak of
continued religious interest' at Sanpoh, one. of
the out-stations of that mission. Pour persons
were received to the communion of .the chdrch
on the.previous Sabbath, and there were besides,
a number of inquirers after the •truth. Much
credit is assigned to the native members of the
churches as the instrumental means of proinoting
SIAM.—We have a single letter from Bangkok
of the 32th of May. The intercourse with that
place will be partially interrupted during the
pending war with China. We werftorry to learn
that Mrs. Wilson had Ititen broughtsvery low by
an attack of cholera, gill(' to know Cid she
was decidedly convalescent, at the date of our
letter. Her little'girl, war extremely ill, and•` it
was very doubtful whether she would be restor
• INDIA.—We have letters from Lodiana, June
12th. There had been much sickness in the
Girl's Orphan School at Lodiarta, chiefly from
the prevalence of measles. Mention is made of
a convert that had been receivedi to the church' at
that place, and several irupiirers are also report
ed. Mr. Morrison, who had been an invalid for
the greater part of the Winter, had been restor
ed to comfortable health. Mr. Barnes was, suf
fering from neuralgia, but with this exception
the missionaries and their families in that part
of the country were generally well. The heat
bad been very severe.
Araws.—We have letteri fresh Liberia as late
as the 9th of June, and from Corisco to the 21:st
of May. Mr. Miller had .been exploring •the
country to the East of Monrovia, and was .about
to commence his missionary work among the na
tives in that region. Mr. Blyden writes abbot
having more applicants for admisslon to the Al
exander high-school than he could possible re
ceive, and inquires if• the means for the enlarge
ment of the school cannot be,had. Mr. Erskine
mentions that a school for native children had
been commenced by one'ef the female' members
of his church.. 'She is ' tobeitided by the mite-
hers of the church. From Corisco we learn that
our, brethren had organized. themselves , into 'a
Presbytery to be call&bthe " Presbytery, of Cor
isco,' the second has keen organized in that
part of the Worldlait eighteen nionths.
Three YOung men 'Were 4ceivitil under the' care
of the Presbytery at the same time, with the view
of fitting themselves for the ministry.
INDIAN MISSIONS.—We have letters from the
Creek mission to the 24th of July ; Chickasaw,
'July sth; . and from several the Choctaw sta
tions, of ,20-28 d .of July. All' of thase letters
except the one from the Creek Mission speak of
'unprecedented hot weather and distressing
drought. Great suffering among the people is
Consequently anticipate:d. All of the boarding
schools had been closed for the Summer vacation,
and most of the teachers had left their places
`with the view of recreating after the long terra
of confinement. Mr. llotchkin reports a collet,
tion from his chuich at "Living Lands" for
Foreign Missions, of seventy dollars, being an
average of. nearly one dollar for each member.
Were our churches generally to imitate this ex
ample, the receipts of the Foreign Board would
be nearly doubled. Mr. Ilotchkin mentions one
woman, without shoes or stockings, that had con
tributed one dollar to this collection.
Rev. B. T. WsLLs, of lowa, has accepted
the, appointment of District Superintend ant
of Colportage, for the Pacific coast, and
expects to leave for San Francisco in Octo
bor. Re, will have a. large and important
NEED Or FuNhs.—We are again obliged to
make known to the churches our great need of
funds. During the Summer months an unusually
large number of theological student's have been
engaged in ColpOrtage. Importamt and inviting
fields have been opened to the Board in various
pares of the land, some'of them for the first time,
and they have been occupied. Several eolpoi
teurs are now busily and Most usefully at work
among the French people of Northern Illinois,
in and, around. Mr. Chiniquy's charge. Heavy
demands will soon be made upon the Treasury
for Oalifernia and Oregon. At the present time
the Colportage,fund of the Board is overdrawn
to. the extent of about $B,OOO, and for this aum,
as well as the current , expenses of the coming
months, we are obliged to rely upon the contri
butions from the churches for our Colportage
Fund. Will not our brethren, the pastors, and
will not also tife'Preshyteries, at their approach
ing meetings, come up in earnest to our help ?
RECEIPTS , in July: Donations, $1,413; Sales,
RECEIPTS in July :at St. Louis, $140; Phila
delphia, $340 ; .for church at St. Anne $224.
Oakland College, Miss, Professor 4 R.
PRICE, RICHARDSON, , and J. If. UALITIN,
all accept their e.ppointmenti.
BOSTON AND NEW-BNGLAiITD
GbVERNOK BANKS deditied i a re-nouti-'
nation for the office of. Governor. The
reason given for this, is the necessity for
making some.better provisien for his fami
ly than the honest emoluments of political
,allow. He has sheen elected :
Vice President of the Central Illinois
Railroad, at a salary of $7,500 per annum,
and will.remove to Chicago at the expira
tion ,of his rubernatorial term. John A.
Andrew, Esq., , of Boston, has been nomi
nated for next governor;: by the Republi
FATHER Wroir, the Ron ish priest who
made so much trouble in the Eliot School,
last year, in the 'matter of reading the
Scriptures; has been dismissed from the
pastoratelof St. Mary's church, and will be
•, president of, the Loyola; Jesuit Col
lege, at:. Baltimore. Bishop Fitzpatrick
Would' have "'removed him long ago, being
wholly opposed "to his course in advising
the ROMA child;en to ° refuse to read or
hear read,, the common English Versiola of
the Holy. Scriptures, in the public schools;'
but Father Wiget is a Jesuit, and the
Bishophad no direct control over him.
Mits. -MARY RooPE BOND, widow of the
late Professor Bond of Harvard Astronomi
cal ' Observatory', at' Cambridge, and Mrs.'
Catharine Bigelow tawrence, widow of thu
,LaWrence, died last week at
their residences in Boston. • ,
THE IJNITARTANS; of Boston, area'good'
deal 'disappointed at the unexpected an
nouncement that the Rev. James Martin-
eau, the high., priest of Unitarianism in
England, will not visit this country this
year, and that` consequently the' inspiration
anticipated from hini at the yearly gather
ing in. Brooklyn, N. Y., in a short . time,
will not be received. Some of the more
enthusiastic, anxious for some demonstra
tion that - vvill 'awaken . public attention and
infuse "a:little new life into the 'inert and
dying body, propose . to send forthwith ;to
Paris for the purpose of bringing over M.
Coquerel,the. some-what celebrated Unita
rian preacher of France. But no foreign
importation can rouse the old Unitarianism
of New-England into any thing like activi
ty and aggressive.migor. However, some
of the' more staid and 'conservative Unita
rians 'AO still cling to the Bible
Word . of
,God, and eschew 'Parkerism a® :a.
most, pestiferous heresy, are becoming rec
onciled 'to the absence of M. Martineau,
from having discovered that the eyes 'of
Mr. -Parker'S Society have been directed
toward him; that correspondence has taken
place between that Society and him, and
that he , has signified " how,' pleased he
should have been 'to stand in Mr. Parker's
place." They feel that to have welcomed
one as the a.uest of 'American Unitarian's
whose sympathies were with Parker, would,
have -been , to,, compromise the whole denom
ination. The old Unitarian churches that'
still revere 'the names of Buckminster,
Channin , Y, and Nichols, do not wish to be
compromised in the least by the' fantastic
tricks" of any such professional visitor
from another clime, however loudly his
claim to broiherhood may be pressed.
THE PROPRIETY OF ORDAINING MINIS
TERS, except as pastors of particular
churches, -is undergoing considerable dis
cussion in different parts "of New-Epgland,
at . the present tinie. The , churches. have
become wearied with the great number of
ordained ministers, who never were pastor's,
and who never expect' to become such,
andare seekina some way to prevent'a far
ther, increase or this order of ministers.
It is found- that Dr. John. Owen, the great
Coryphwas of English Congregationalism,
denied the' right to ordain any minister ex
cept as a pastor of a particular -congrega
tion; he also insisted on the necessity and.
Scriptural authority for, the ruling elders.
The fathers of New-England Congregation
alism were'unanimous in the minion that
a minister' Should, not be ordained, except
as , pastor of some church. And ruling
elders were found in all the early Congre
gational churches of this country. In a
work of Dr. Increase Mather, published in
Boston in 1700, entitled, "Order of the
Gospel professed and practiced by th e .
Churehesuf Christ in New-England, justi
fied," he: takes high ground, reasons
strongly fro l in Scripture, and brings forward
Much historical authority, ableinst the or-,
dination ,of ministers, except as pastors.
Ile says; •
"We haie no' instance in the Scripture
of ordinary officers ordained, except unto a
particular flock. .Acts,xiv : 23: They or
dained elders by , elec i tion (so does the Ge
neva translation read the words truly
enough, as that Learned Knight, Sir Nor
ton Knatehbull has critically evinced)
in every church.., Paul: left it in charge
with Titus that he should ordain elders in
every city. Tit. 5. He was not to or
dain them to be individua vaga, but a par
ticular place, a ' city wherein some
Church was assigned to thent to labor in.
He might not (as Mr:Baynes and from him
Didoclavius speaks) ordain elders as
the University creates Doctors of physic,
without assigning them any patients, or as
they make. Masters of Art, without 'pro
viding for them any scholars."
In •England, DR. INCREASE MATHER
preached for some time to ,Tohn Howe's
parish. 'After his return lie became - very
eminent for piety, learning, and ability;
was Moderator of the Synod of the Massa
chusetts churches in 1680; was• twice cho
sen President of Harvard Cellege; and
was the' only man on whom the College
:conferred the degree of D.D., during the
first one hundred and thirty-five years of
its existence. In the sermon preached at
his funeral, Dr. Coleman said of him:
"He was the patriarch and prophet
among us, if any could be so called. * *
* * * For sixty years,together he made
himself master of all the learning of past :
age's, or that waspassing in la' own times,
that was needful- to. furnish out an acconi
plished' Divine." • • •
The gECoNn 'On OLD . SOUTH CHURCH
. of Hartford, Connecticut, with the consent
,and countenance of the General Court, and;
the advice of an Ecclesiastical council was
organized' February 12, 16 . 69; Rev. Mr.
Whiting and thirty-one members constitu
, the church.. The names 'e l f these
thirty-one members are all given. The,
pastors have been, -Rev.• Messrs. Whiting,
Linsley, Vanarsdaien, Dagget, Clarke, and ,
the present pastor, ROV. E. Pond Parker.,
During the• troubles of the Revolutionary
war, fr0m:1777 to 1784, the church remain
ed destitute of a settled pastor. The
record'of additions from 1669 to 1791 is
105 t..; The present number , of communi
-cants is four hundred and. fifty-six. It was
the ordination' of the present pastor, not
Withstanding his avowed' rejection of some
of the fundamental truths held by the or
thodox churches inNew-England,. that ex
cited so much discussion 'in .the religious
newspapers a few months ago.
The entire TAX , LEyY of New-York for
the present year amounts to $9,728,007:00.
This is at - , the rate of 1 little over $1.68 on
every noo of valuation. Last year the
rate for every $lOO of, valuation was a little
BUSINESS iS ttOW quite aetiv., 'The city
is filled with buyers from all parts of the
Union, but especially from the far-South,
and far-West. These come earlier owing
to the length of time required to tranhort
their purchase& The'market is crowded
with foreign goods, and consequently the
prices in this,line are low., But domestic
goods are in great demand and bring good
Fashionable upper-ten-dom is, undergo
ing quite an excitement with regard-to the
ball to be given to the PRINCE Or WALES, at
the- cademy of Music. 'What a pity that,
no' more rational method could have been
discovered for entertaining the prospective
occupant of the British:throne, than an ex
hibition in which nimbleness of feet will be
the principalattraction ! What a comment
on our fashionable civilization of the nine
The Committee appointed to, obtain con
tributions' on behalf of the SYRIAN SUP
FERERR, has been remarkably , successful.
Already over $lO,OOO have been secured,
and this sum will be largelY increased. In:
passing, it may be well to mention that the'
two 'volumes pUblished by the Harpers,.
some two, years ago, of which the Rev. W.
Thompson, D.D., ,for over twenty-five
years a missionary in Syria, entitled.." The
Land and the Book," are not only most
valuable contributions to, Biblicalliterature,
but are also full of most interesting and
reliable information in reference to the
present state of things in Syria.. These
books will not'grow old, but will, continue
to be read• and referred to, when most of
the volumes of EaStern travels now pub-'
lished will have been.forptten.,
HARPER & BROTHERS will, snail publish
the second volume of " Alford's Greek
Testainent," - which has,been delayed that it
Might receive the late.st corrections - of the
indefatigable editor., This work," when
completed, will be a ;vast repertory of the
learning and literature connected with the
'CARTER & BROTHERS will BOOR- publish
" Lorimer's ilistory of the Scottish Refor
mation,". and Bridges on' .Ecelesiastes."
These gentlemen are continually laying the
Church under new obligations by the num
ber: and high character of their popular and
THE " CIIURCIDIAN " must' be always in
hot water. It always has some new trouble
on hand.. When Father Chiniquy and his
Colony renounced Romanistn; and before
they had made choice of any particular de
nomination with 'which to connect their
selves,.the Churchntan was in ecstacies at
the movement, commended' Mr. Chiniquy
and his people to the 'favorable considera
tion of Episcopalians, and bent them a large
invoice of Prayer Books and other. Episco
pal attractions. But, immediately 'upon
Mr. ,Chiniquy and his, peoPle. becoming
Presbyterians, the Churchman ceased' his
advocacy, and now leaves no means untried
to attack him and destroy his reputation, if
possible. In a recent number of the
Churchman, he is called an " old adven
turer," " the accomplished tactician and
professional beggar of Kankakee," while it
is insinuated that his whole enterprise is a
"swindling operatfon," and that "his life
is anything but creditable to a man of the
world, not to says a minister of God."
Now all this is entirely slanderous. The
only offence of which Mr. Chiniquy has
been guilty against the Churchman, is his
refudal to, leap into the arms of. High
Church. Episcopacy, that were widely open
to receive him. , . • • '
THE IjONSISTORY OP THE COLLEOTA.TE
CHURCH hiie cninmenced the wort: of n
larging the lectnre 7 room in which:the Ful
ton Street prayer meeting is.,held. The
work - is expected. to be einnpleted . in the
course of thirty Says. The room will then
seat comfortably from five hundred to six
hundred persons. The old lecture-room
would scarcely seat comfortably two hun
dred people. This Fulton Street prayer
meeting seems to have become a permanent
institution. But comparatively few New-
Yorkers are prbsent every day, but the
crowd of strangers in the city always afford
a sufficient number for a very` respectable
meeting... Some of the statements made
every, day arc quite interesting, but the
want of some Scriptural exposition is a
great defect. The introduction of this ele
ment would be a valuable addition to the
usual services. •
THIS CITY was never more prosperous_
Its manufactories are all in active opera
tion ; its products are in great demand;
and its general business is wonderfully ac
tive. Crowds of strangers are here, and
the hotels are full. The Continental, the
Girard, • ' and the Merchants, are doing an
immense business. The Merchants' Htitel,
kept by the. Messrs. McKibben, so well
known in• Pittsburgh and vicinity, still re
tains its high character. Its table, its
bedding, and its entire arrangements are
all that 'can be desired; while the nhargos
The system of SELLING BOOKS BY PUB
LIC AUCTION was , originated in this city
nearly thirty years ago, by Mr. M. Thomas,
who had been a publisher and bookseller.
Some years ago this method was adopted in.
New-York, and within a, year or two it has
been established in Boston. The next Book
Trade Sale will commence in this city on
Monday the 17th inst. The catalogue
consists of an octavo volume of three:hun
dred and sixty pages, while on the day of
sale a supplement will be issued including
new , invoices. The Harpers, Appletous,
and Charles Scribner do not contribute, to
this sale. These gentlemen are so arranging
their sales with regular dealers as to render
it almost unnecessaiy for them to make use ,
Of the auction sales. There are some in
voices of unusual extent. For example,
J.. B. Lippincott's covers-twenty-one-pages,
and so does that of • Derby. & Jackson. T.
B. Peterson & Bro.'s occupy nineteen pa
ges, and Leavitt & Allen, New-York,
'the same space. Crosby, Nichols & Lee,
and Gould & Lincoln, Boston houses, each
fill eighteen pages; James B. Smith has
'eleven, and E. H. 'Butler & Co,. has ten
pages, W. A. Townsend & C 0.,, New-York,
also having ten. Ticknor & Field's, Boston,
occupy eight pages. Brown & Taggard of
Boston; and Sheldon & Co., also contribute
Messrs. SMITH „ENGLISH & Co. announce
a new work entitled "Pulpit Themes and.
Preach'er's Assistant," by tlie author "of
"Helps for the Pulpit."
.THE SECOND PRESBYTERIAN .
of which. the Rev. Charles W., Shields is
pastor,. after being closed for , six weeks,
was re-opened for public worship last Sal
bath. While the church was clOsed it
was completely re-fitted and renovated,,
principally through the zeal and liberality
of the ladies of the congregation. The
history of this venerable church,' dates
back to the early times of Presbyterianism
in this country. Its pastorate is associated
with along lineof distinguished ministers,
including . a Tennent, a &Foal; a Green, a
Ja,newaY, - and - a duyler: And in its elder
ship have -been found some of the ableA
and best of the laymen of the Presbyterian
Church. The late Judge -Joel ;Tones, a,
prodigy of both legal and Biblical learning,
was ' a ruling elder in this church. And
in the membership of this church, to-day,
are the descendants of some of the founders
of Presbyterianisin in this land. Dearly
do they love the old 'consecrated spot;
fondly do they cherish its precious memo
Rev. ALEXANDER & HoG.SHEA_D has re
signed, the pastoral cha - rge of the chnreb
at Abinadon Va. His Post ' Office:ad
, dress is now Ohristiansburg Va.
Rev. L. LEONARD'S Post Office address is
changed from Charlotte, 'Monroe County,
New-York, to Detroit, ,Michigan..
Rev. J. H. AUGHEY
,' `hiving: taken. thaige
'of the "churches of French Camps and
'Nazareth, wishes vorreSPendenti to ail
dress him at French Catiips, Chdeta*
County, Mississippi. - =
R.ev. ALEXANDER REED, Of Parkeshurg,,
Pa., has declined the call• to the Central
church Cincinnati Ohio.
Rev. J. L. KIRKPATRICK, D.D., of Charles
, ton, S. C., has received an invitation' to
supply the pulpit of the - Fifth Avenue:
church, New-iork, lately under _the
charge of the late Dr. Alexander:
Removal of the Ancient Sareophigna.---
,The old limestone sarcophagus, which has
so, long been on exhibition in the bafement
story of the patent office- building, an 'eb
ject alike, of curiosity and national interest
to all Americans visiting, that institution,
is about beimg removed to the Smithsonian
grounds, to be placed among the. many
other .collections there of' a somewhat slim
ier character. Thi s; sarcophagi's, was the
repository of the Roman Emperor, Alex
ander Severus, and was brought to the
United States in 1839, on board the frigate
Constitution, by C ommod.ore Jesse D. Elliott,
who intended it as a resting place for the
remains of General Andrew Jackson.
This distinguished individual, however ' it
will be recollected, While expressitig.his
appreciation of the kindness of Commodore
Elliott, and acknowledging the honor in
tended to be conferred upon, him, declined
its acceptance, as being inconsistent with
his ideas of republican simplicity --- Wash
Sacrifice of 3theßing ofDahomey,—Yrom
Lagos; we learn that the King of Da ,
homey was : about to make ,an immense
-sacrifice of human life to the memory of 7
the late-king, his father. The West Afri
can Herald, of the lath ult., referring' to
this istention, says :
".His -Majesty Badahung, -King <of Da
homey; is about to make the.' Grand. Gusto&
in 'honor of the late King Gezo. Deter-
Mined to surpass all former monarchs in
the magnitude of 'the ceremonies- to be
performed on this occasion,: Badahung has
made the most extensive preparations for
the celebration of the Grand Custom. A
great pit has been dug, which is to- contain ,
human blood enough to float a canoe. Two
thousand persons will , be sacrificed' -on .this.
occasioni The expedition -to Abeakonta is
postponed,•bat.the King las sent" his army
to make some'excursions at the expense of
some weaker tribes, and has: succeeded: in.
capturing many unfortunate , ereatures.l
The young people among these -prisoners;
will-be soldinto Slivery and the old p er ,
sons will be killed at the Grand Custom.
Would to God this might meet the eyes of
some of those philanthropic Englishme n
who have some feeling for Africa ! Oh
for some man of .eloquence and influence
to point out to the ,people of England the
comparative uselessness of their expensive
squadron out here, and the enormous bene
fits that must result to this country, and
ultimately to England herself, morally an d
materially, if she would extend her establish
ments on this coast. Take away two-third s
of your squadron, and spend one-half its
cost in creating mote stations on shore, a n d
gyeatly strengthening your old stations."
For the Presbyterian Banner
Report of I, ➢. Williams,
Treasurer to the Board of Domestic Missions, Edo_
cation, Publication, and Fund for Sup er .
annuated Ministers, for August, 1860.
SYNOD OF PITTSBURGII.—Redstone Prearylerg :
Rehoboth church, ad. for Chiniquy Colony,
$6.00; Long Run, 31.50. Ohio Presbyte r y
Lawrenceville, 19.50; Long Island, for Chiniquy
Colony, (of which J. H. Hamilton's children,
4.50,) 22.06. Blairsville Presbytery: Greensburg,
14.50. Clarion Presbytery: Leatherwood, for
Chiniquy Colony, 7.50.
SYNOD OF A_LLEGILENY.—AIIegheny Presbytery
Tarentum church, $ll.OO. Erie Presbytery:
Sturgeonvillc,_6.oo ; Milledgeville, 3.00.
SYNOD OF WHEELING.— Washington Pre. bytery ;
Upper Buffalo ehnich, 56.00; Cross Roads,
13.75. Steubenville Presbytery : Oakridge, 11.50,
SYNOD OF PITTSBURCH.--itedatove Presbytery:
Uniontoin chnreh, $29.00. Ohio Presbytery:
Centre, 20.00. Blairsville Presbytery: Salem,
SYNOD OF AiLF.GRENY.—Erie Presbytery:
SYNOD OF 01110. -- RiCidand Prestytf , ry ;
Ashland church, $21.82; Perrysville, 11.00 ;
Clearfork, 2.00; Shelby, 9.00; Savannah, 7.00:
Haysville, 12.65.. Zanesville Presbytery: Dun
can's Falls, 2.00.
SYNOD OF WIIEELING.--Washington Presbytery:
Frankfort church, $6.00. Steubenville Frail.
tens Oakridge,.B.2s. •
SYNOD OP- Onto.---Richland Presbytery: Blad
ensburg church,. $8.10.. Zanesville Presbytery:
Duncan's Falls, 3.00.
SUPRRA'NNUA TED MINISTERS' FUND.
iSracort or *Pirrsuouout--Reditone Presbytery
Uniontown church, $20.00.....
Ladies of Mereer,„ehureli, a bos. for Chiniquy
Colony, $50.00. . ,
TOTALS.—Domestic Missions, $202.31; Edu
cation' $129.47; Publication, .$12.35; Superan
nated.Ministera' Fund, $20.00.
10T.E.—InAuly Rept:4 !Centre Unity church,
Steulienville..Presbytery; wag' c;edited. - with $.15
each teßoakdk'of •Dbmestic Missions and Educa
tion:.-,lt should .have-,been Ridge church, same
Presbytery. tri'same Report, for Wm. Mercer
substitute Wm. Idaitor, - fa , ruling elder in Mut ,
raysville, church,-,to ,constitute himself a Life
Member of Board of EdUcation.
WILLIAMS, Receiving Agent,
114 Smithfield Street.
Pittsbtiigh, Pa., Avgtat $l, 1860
The PRESBYTERY OF RICELAND stands adjourned to
meet at Hayedlle, Asblan.d County,, Ohio, on the Second
Titesday,lthelltb)•of September, at 7 o'clock P. M.
. JAllurS ROWLAND, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF PEORIA stands adjourned to
meet in. Prinneville,,September IStk, at 7y 2 o'clock P. iIL
ROBERT dOII\STON, Stated Clerk.
thePRESBYTERY OF CEDAR Win meet in Cedar Rapids,
the ThirekToesilay (l.Sth) of September, at I'M o'clock P. M.,
' ' 7 • E. L. BELDEN, Stated Clerk.
':The PRESBYTERY OF FAIRFIELD Will meet at Sigoar
ney. Ecolcuk,Pounty, lOnm on the Second .Tnesdav (11th
day) of - SepteMber;at 7 o'clock. 3l
• •5. C. MOLINE, Stated Clerk.
TRH PRESBYTERY 'HE ALLEGHENY CITY' will hold
its ,nait - meeting nt the Hilands church, on the second Tuesday
of Sdptember next, at 12'n'elock .
• ' .WILLIAM' ANNAN,StAted elert.
The PRESBYTERY• DUBUQUE will meet at litMkin
ton, the Third Mende.) , (17th) of September, atk.ceeloek,P. Id
. - TrtAN 110(10q Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF ZANESVILLE statute adjourned
to'ineet In Cambridge on the Second Tuesday of September,
at 7 d'eleck AL: S *MUNSON, Stated Clerk.
The PILESIITTBRY OP CHICAGO Ain& adjourned to
mret et Rockford 'the-Tait Tuethday.(2sth) of '§eptember, et 1
o'clock P. PARIS, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY...4CW -1100g.MG stands arljourned to
nieet in the Presbyterian 'church' at Athlll3, on Tuesday,
September:llth, at 7.o'cleck - P. M.
The PRI:BYTERt.,Or, .IifiNEGAL ayillrhold.its nest
stated meeting in the church of Waynesburg; iin.tbe Second
day of Oetnher at ll'o'clockT.X. .The sermon :it the °pet
ing.of the sesbions, will be,preaebed by.the Rey. P.J. Timlow.
' JO. ffli -- 'FARQUHAR; Stated Clerk.
The PREF. , BYTLE.Y , OP. CARLISLE' will hold Its next
stated rifeetio,,intlte PlTA:ll*km. clitirch of Bloomfield,. Pa.,
on the First.Tucsdny_(2o) of October, at 7 o'clock P. M.
. , A. M.'MPTCITELL, Stated Clerk.
. . .
The PRESBYTERY OF NEW LISBON will hold its next
zneetirig in the church of Concord, font. wiles North of Salem,
on - thelasklngoday.of September; at 12 o'clock 31
ROBERT HAYS, Stated Clerk.
The: PRESBYTERY OF BRAYER will meet at Mt.
ant; oti'thelroarth. nicer.ley "Of September, at 2 o'clock P. 51.
• ;*: ' YD. C. REED, Stated Clerk.
` The PRESBYTERY OF NEWTON will hold its next stated
meeting in the First Presbyter: lan chilli% of Bloomsburg, N.
T . ., on the. First Tuesday (2d) of October, at 11 o'clock A. M.
Sessintial'lCarrativeS muirbeforiarded to Rev.:J. H. Davis.
Coolbaugha, ,Pa., at lead tan days previow ,to the day of
meeting... - • J. ELNIGHTON, Stated Clerk.
The PRESBYTERY OF BLAIRSTILVE 'will meet tecord
iiir to adjaiirnment. at Beulah, on: the First Tuesday of Otto ,
bar, tit,2 o'clock .JAALES DANIS, Stated clerk.
The SYNOD OF lOWA monde adjourned to meet in Cedar
Dap' di one the ThirdThuriday of September nett, at 7 o'clock
P.- ' J. D. MASON.
,The SYNOD OF.SOUTRERN lOWA ivillmeet at Ottumwa
Wapello Opunty, . lowa, on the Mat; Thum!lay (27th day) of
Setitemher, at 7 o'clock 31. ' ' •
• ".• ; • • -
. • O. C. rOTINE, anted Clerk.
- ThO SYNOD :OF AiLLEGEEENT- kill_ meat in the First
Prepkytetian" church- of .Allegbany; City',, on the Fourth
Thutaday of...F•tidernlter,:(f7.l}lt) at "734, o'clock 'P. "".T.
Pleebttetial Norreives.pre ,to-be.sent; before the first of
Seittenther, to „Rev. John I r sßeynolile, C.D.. Meadville, Pa.
: 11L1,101.11:SWIFT : Stated Clerk.
The SYNOD.OF ineet Demttur. on the
Second Wedtfeitaay (I.OtIO or October. at 734 o'clock P. M.
• = - ItOOP4PrJOIIIiSTON, Stated Clerk.
Otikaf. - -AtOls-,
Allegheny Cit}r CollegO.
The idrrtisement of this institution claims
attention: We learn . that Mr: Dodd is an ac-
Complished scholar, and has Had a large and sec
°AO* experience in the Work to which he is de
Out -Door Pinching.
Last Sabbath . the . Mr. McCune preached
twice in the open air, in Allegheny City, under
the anspices - 4. the Young Metes Christian Asso
ciation: The attendance -at' both services was
I Kige,nad"altio'd degree of interest was mani
feSted. • • "`
TheYnnee of Wales.
; A meeting• of some of the leading citizens of
Pittsburgh was held at the'. -Board of Trade
Rooins, on. the 3d. inst., when. an invitation was
given' to . the Prince of Wales, or as he is to be
designated -in the. United - States, Baron Lord
Renfrew, to . visit this. city On-hiis way to the East
ern cities, or 'al; 'tti:ty.:time most convenient to
hiiiiself tefore emiarking for England.
Theoil excitement . still continues. Many of
the business men of Pittsburgh and vicinity are
largely interested in this business. Speculation
is raging in lands along the valleys of Pine and
0 1 1- Creeks, and. along the Allegheny river in that
region,,as well as , in leases and wells already
oemmenced with more or less signs of oil. Oil
in, considerable quantities has also been found
near, .the' Alahoning, in Lawrence County, and
wells are being sunk along_the Slippery-rock, in
Butler County. But the centre of interest iS
now-at a place called „Tidio ute, where, after bor
ing with but little success for; several months,
tncinster vein of pure-oil.has been struck, the
yieldnf which is almost incredible. But not a
feWiett.lte wells-diave been failures, and many
illo T have entered' 4a.to the enterprise with high
h'OpeicSivill meet:With disappointment. Scarcely
any df `the Wells produce as largelyras has been