Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, August 18, 1860, Image 2

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Atip- Having purchased for our office the ' 4 " Muse
bides Aegetintard and Diapatell euleytiall, or nearly all,
'o,fabr iutistrigert,nbio hart thilr papers addressed Ce them
regularly by a einpularly unique machine, which fatten:l
-an Me white-marry; a , smatt , entored.“nddressMamp,"
la Get, whereon appears their name plain ty printed, followed
'by Me date ap!o which they have paid for their p apers—thee
being authorised by an Act
,e ,date'
always be adisanrid 'an the receipt mater . iptifin , nitrocA
in exact deavtianlnten;th,(o; Amount so iereiredt and thus
be an ever-really viflid receipt; scarring to every one;
'and at all times. tilimr.feMSkiikuredge of his arivapapor
count, so, that if any error is made,he can immediately:del
sect it and'Have it corrected—a boast alit:, valuable to the
,publisher and stt(icrilteri as it Matte terminate alt painjut
, mintmieratanctipgs Legit/cep them respecting accounts, and
thus tend to.perpeSPaee thrtr-importantreintitmehip.
* Thate,in arrears will please remit:
Rev. Wm 'T. Morrison , and Lady,. inissiona 7
ries of our Foreign Board, have arrived
safely at 'Anjier, on their Viay 'to China..
iltaiely.—hVilivititution'ii un
do' the tiri oi8:11.M sax, Principal.
The eataiOglie f ox 1860-61 gives the names
of one hundred and twenty pupils.
Centre College; Ily.•This iniiitution con-
Cored, the degree ef- D.D.,.0n 'Rev. Messrs.
Jouwil'RfeEj of Louisville, and JoHN C.
RAYLESS, of AShlatid. The degree of LL.D
was also conferred on Hon. J. J. CRITTZN
DEN. A scientific depattment, has been
organized, and ,Rev. W. MoKNivar
elected professor. _ •
R A CY. Oldies E, Redges.:-,A. correspondent
of thepPresbyterian speaks of the death of
Mt. HEDGES ' ' , at Maysville, California,
July"loth;' aged tWentY.Tour years. He
was a native of New Jersey an a gradu
ate of Princeton College : and eminary.
His health: as feeble and howentr to ;Cali
fonds' int , hopes of receiving ibenefit from
the' cha r rig,e orlaimate ; but it was net for
liiin'to' servd Jong on eiitli. „ , ,
The Minutes of the Assembly's meeting
at Rochester ;
l are received. They make a
volume of `two hundred and eighty-eight
pages: absence of Dr. LEYBURNI
Stated Clerk i the publication has been made
by other competent persons. The arith
metic, proof-reading; &c., has been'attend
ed td,‘as we are tbld; by the same perions
who, in forineryCars, conducted the same
work. Ne i he
.nee rely upon the accuracy
of the figures and statements.
• Evbry'elder,‘as Well - as every minister,
who wOuld be'well informed, should haye„
Friim the Centrql Pros6littTian we learn
that Bev. W.
,D ; ! Torvzs, P.D, of the Pres
bytery of Holston, Ilia at.his residenewat
Holston Spaings, Scott County; Sabbath the
sth inst.°l4 Was a 'native
, of 'PittsYlVania,
County,Va., lit
removed to Xentucky in
early life, He was at one time President
of Centre' College, Danville, Ky., and for'
fourteen-years pastor .of the Presbyterian
church at ilopkinsville,lin that State. For
several Years - he was.Nesident of the 'lv"-
ersvlle Feinale College, And at the tinle
his death, Principal of the'HighSchool at
Holston'' Springs.
The number for July. contains—L.Anti-
Revolutionary Histbry 'of Episcopacy; IL
Russia; 111. ‘Viiiicerit Turrara; W. Gen
eral Assembly.of 1860; V: -Dr. Bushnell's
Sermons;; VI. The Position and 'Misslon
of. ottr Ginircle; VII. Doctrinal Preaching;
VIII. Literary and Theological Intelli
gence; IX. Notices of ,New Books.
The first article is the address of Rev.
DT.. HOPKINS, delivered before . the New
School Assembly, which met •in this city;
last May. The sixth article is the sermon
of Rev. Dr..PArrEusoN, at theupening of
the same Assembly, and :are understand,
issued separately also, aff'a pamphlet.
, , •
Cur cdiantry'ia being disgraced, and in..
volved in, deep guilt,' by
. a revival of that
horrible business, the Slave • Trade. Not
only are American shipmasters, especially
many belonging to..New-Work i -engaged in
the traffic to Cubs,,,:but.:Slaves are being
brought to, the 'United States.,. ,The North
Carolina Presbyterian, thus speaksor: the
" During our'recent visit to the South,
we were surprised and pained to find that
the number of persons favoring the re
opening of the Slave Trade is greatly on
the increase. The number has largely in
creased in the hat five years. The common
impression that it is only a reckless' politi
tion here'dild another there who 'approves
of the traffic is erroneous: .dhinge
taken placeeid the minds' Of man `who' ATo
not polititiard, and it hair exteided zi to
classes and peofessions. Tenlre* l igii:not
oho man' in` five hundred' would 'bitve pub- .
Holy adVocated 'the Wider . and Afiiit *Mile
business was tregitdedv*ith repugnance Wad
horror. Now advocates' are perhillins
numerous; as the:tippoiientri Planters and
intelligeht iheohsiiice ''ore beginning to,
favor the it is not deemed ' a
reproach or a (Onrill Offente.
"The trade iiselfris iiirgelY on the in
crease. Five - cargmr - ofqdrioans are now
landed on the egikskto onn i ton? years ado.
Some express the opinion that the propor
tion is greaterthii this.' .* * *'
" This . question of the, African Slave'
Trade forces itself upon 69 attention, of.
the Christina people andiwess of the Smith.
The discussion cannot bee shnoned, and the;
question 'must :he 'honestly Met. Aiside
from its
.politiiiiil'AiOteter,-it has moral
and religious arinigii which claim 'our nO-
" The sanctity '
of the law is invaded by,
those whO are engaged in tibia traffic..
Christians ought' not to
.hold'their ;peace ,
when the ConiiiititiOn 'of thieointry,
trampled' nada' SAP
"The bordOr - and Middle States of the
South will not consent toltikak - e with their
more Southern neighbors iii;this Shameless
violation, of national law. They cannot ap
prove of such illegal proceedings, but
would kindly yet firmly remonstrate. The
traffic cannot be legalized, and conservative
men need no . ~further argument to confirm
them in their opposition. If the• Gulf:
States wish to
,retain the sympathies of the,
border States antlAnt preserve the unity of
the Si:lth in iialingonterest, and action, ,
they must maintain the Constitution as it
is, and uphold An Majesty ,of the laws.,
Maryland,' Virginia, Kentucky, Missouri,
North Carolina, and .K entucky, Missouri,.
with the
voice and heart 1„oue man, r now, and al
ways will, proteit against 'the. renewal of
the 1141,eve Mrade;" • -1
-W4 i tO findth . at 'the attention of'
On** by' their own
.!V '.J J
Everything connected with the East is
of interest to the;intelligent and expectant
Christian. Here was the origin of our
race, of our religion, and of our civiliza
tion. Here some of the grandest events of
the past have taken place, and the finger
'of - Prophecy points tolhis as the theatre on
"which some of, the great thingi yet to
oceirr in the history of nations are - to be
performed. It was not strange that in a
former age, when the people were but pbor
ly informed as to the import of the Bible,
when the true spirit of 'Christianity was but
-little known,: and when , its conquests were
expected to , be achieved by might and
power,rather than by the Spiiit Of
,Qcd, tliat
all Fatrope, should be seized with enthusi
asm, if not with fanaticism, to rescue the
Holy Land from the poser of the Moham
medan. Nor is it,strange that everything
relating to, this country, the past,
should be reo.arded with the greatest in
terest by statesmen, philanthropists, and
ChriOans: , .
Just now the attention of the civilized
world, that has been for the Malmo months
intently 'fixed upon Garibaldi and'ihnt.held
little island of the Mediferianeari now
struggling for liberty under his guidance,
is directed to the voices of wailing and
anguish that come over wide intervening
seas from Syria. Again the ,fury of the
Crescent bas_ broken forth; the sword. of
Mohammed is again unsheathed ; the frenzy
of the Moslem, asz in old time, is irc hot'
pursuit of the 'follo*ets of the Cross.
Catholic, Greek, and Protestant Christians
have been the subjects of indiscriminate
slaughter. From seven thousand to' ten,
thousand have been slain, from sixty
sand to seventy thousand have beec_drivell .
their homes, and ; are hunted like par
tridges on the mountains, and from 'five,
thousand to six thousand have fled for pro
tection to the Protestant mission ,stations,
and to the residences of Europeans, and
are dependant on them for daily support.
Men,, , wometr, and children have been , alilre
massacred. All this has taken 'place not
far from Mount Hermon under' under the shadow
of the Cedars of Lebanon, on the' heights
of Carmel, along the plains of Sharon,
almost by the side 'of the road over 'which
Paul passed on his way to Damascas, and
nearly within sight of Bethlehem, Nazareth
and Jerusaldn.
In the meantime, the Turkish govern
ment,that pledged itself to England and
France, in 1856, to grant toleration and
give protection to all Christians, as well
as to Mohammedans, ha, either been pow
erless or unwilling to afford relief, and stop
the shedding of blood. The Turkish com
mander -not only neglected to defend the
assailed, but even connived at their butch
ery. This feature of the agreement with
England' and France, in order to eseape de
struction from Russia, on the part of the
Sultan, has never ,been cordially acquiesced
in by the priesthood-and people of Turkey.
No longer ago than last year = a formidable
conspiracyagainst the Sultan was organized
by his own brother, on this very account.
Except when underthe eyes of the author
ities and Consuls of civilized- nations, this
article has been, to all intents and purposes,
a dead letter. And the very promulgatiOn
, of it his tended to inflame Mohammedan
'hate,forit Was looked upon as a significant
indication that the Christian was about to
triumph, and the Turk to pass away.- Thus
the idea that constituted such a powerful
ingredient in the causes of the outbreak in
India, that Christianity was about to change
not only the religions, but the, government
and the customs of the country, has been`
powerfullyat work throughout the Turkish
dominions, and has been' a fearful incentive
of the late outrage&
No other region, of' the same extent, in
the world, contains such a multiplicity of
antagonistic races as do the mountain
rano•es of Lebanon. This has been so for,
many generations. Excluding the wander,
ing Arabs, the.opilation is little more than
a' million and a-half: Abeut one:lalf. of
these are Mohammedans, OD e- guar ter cOn
sists those who bear the Christian name,
and the remainder is composed of hybrid
and anomalous races of Pagans and semi-
Mohammedans. The Maronites are 'about
200,000; members of 'the Greek. Church,
150,006; and, the , Dfuses, 100,000:
The hatred found amongst these _three di
visions is intense, and but little Was necei
sary to make it' burst into a flame. The
general. mass of the, 'Moslems are the. rni ng
led descendants ; of 'the various races that .
composed the Greek. Empire in the time of•
Mohammed. And in all the Christian
sects there has been the same blending of
pritniti've races, and a large infusion of
European blood during the crusades,, and
evendown to our, own day, so that his now
impossible to ascertain their national on-'
. The Ilfarcis i Oes are so called fropiMaio,
their, first • bishop,
_who Lived' in the . fifth
een.tury... Their subjection
. to the jurisdic
tiori4of,tbeititoman pontiff was agreed to on
the ihrfirOss . cieadition '114: neither the
POieS nor their emisariee Should abolish:or ,
chamge. any thing that related„to the an
cient I rites; moral precepts, or• religious.
opiniona , of the people. So that' in reality
tliefielktion of this people tAi'Ro*e isms rb
nOininat than any thing else, and„forAje,
friendahip:,! the Roman Pontiff . ha;
. to payi
very dearly.. ••• -
The 'Greeks are 'adherents of the' Grceli ,
Chureb, Established 'Church
of Itniesisiiiid'which comprehends within
its bosom, absci, a considerable part of Egypt,
Abyssinia,' Greece, Mesopotamia,
and Adenine. It originated inithel i ninth'
century,' from' the ' con trosieray
the' procession of the Holy.Gliost, and rjeal
' ousy of the See of Rome, united. This
Church is one of the largest claiming the
Christian name. It rejects many - of the
errors of Rome, but holds 'ethers abOuti
equally injurious.
The .Drums are Arabs who' caine from .
the Eastern , confines of , Syria, and , gettled .
if - .4440i! . . ant . A i nti-Lebanort - with& the
laat•nitia kiin4ro,. years. Theyire ascot
af. the •Idoh.emmedans, existing,, only in,
Syria. ('They themselves trace their origin;
two religious sect to 13ionine,'4
fauatic,4whii,ln pkilin4a4l
Caliph Agypt, dePlAire kiii* 4 o l l4nr,
ifestation f!of 1 God. .Althaugh Caliph
was sooniassastinated, Ilbtailiveantinisiet
proPagatkiii:isft T nitory in, iYi46, and with UAW
, t,
of hi 'fl;llewisra, 1; f
wrote , wriN4 lo 4 Pg ",**,
Ts ', 8I '
.. -RIA:Ns. BANTER.-. 7 sATTJ,R,DA Y,.: . ;:.A.T.TG , ,, v5r:r .. ;:i.5,... 1860.
ings. According to his:intentiop, only the
Druse priesthood ware,to See:Allis volume,
and no revelation was to beillade lanai the
second advent of liakem, who was' to ap
pear on the earth again master
Hamm, this being, probably, an idea sug
gested by Christian,dogmas. , , iwcresy
about the snored writings of Hamsa,,,,vps
net; however, observed, an`d7 copies - of the
works are now in the 'great Ilibraries in
Paris, Vienna, the Va#aan;: LOgen;
theesßodleian Library, at; Qxford.„.
Like the regular,,M.ehammedans, ,some
of the features,of their faith andlvorship
have evidently'•been 'borrowed frpnr"the
Christian religion.: Biit iketwithatan'ding
thiS; their v oppositiVik to `phritip,igns., ap
proaches the fiendish more .than it resem
bles the,human.
To attaiwthe maStery,has, long been "the
darling object of the Maroniie, the - ,Greek,
and the DrUse. And, when the rage of the
Druses burst forth, whether from. a,desire
to, exterminate,all opponenti, or.sfroin fear
that the Maronite.and Greek Weie-about:to
attack them, it matters' not ' the others en
tei:ed into the contest most willingly. The
Greek :and Papal Bishops, and Patriarchs
-Stirred , up their :people to seek the 'utter
destruction of the - Druseif,i so 'that' not
single'one of theth shouldl , e left in Mount
And,theiteople rushed into the
war, with perfect xecklessness, without lead
ers, without union - , without-arms, andr.with
,out provisions to'meit'U hardy and'Weil
'furnielied race 'Of men, beld as fions';6-
firely united in 'thin, and Undor,the control
of able leaders. The -result thus far, as
might have imen -expected; has been a suc
cession' of Drum "iitdories, - 'accoMparkid
with pillac4andruthles4'srairgiteil. *ith
in six weeks, no, less,thauone,hundred-and:
fifty villages aud. Aiamlets: haye,
strayed in Lebanon,' with a: frightful` hiSs
human life. J . „
As a matter ' , of icourse, the ctniiitry 'has
been laid Waste, and fugitives are fiying
everywhere. The effects lipcn our Amcr
lean Protestant ,Missioas thave r been''Most
disastrous. The Rev. Mr. l3ErvfoNbad one
thousand Dru'se children in, .his'' sehoOkS,
within fifteen Or twenty ' , 6k , Beirut •
these are all dispersed:.. The cim K eji of the
American Board at Hasheiyn, with •all the
mission property; hasbeen destroyed.- The
town itself has been plundered and burned
to l ashes, and all the; Protestant villagei in
the great; district between Mouint, / Hthifon
on the East and Tyre,On'theWest,liaVeheen
devastated, while the 'peoide . haVe been
4., •
driven .from their:homes utterly is estitute
All this has occurredin the';'distriet where .
the Gospel , has made the greatest prOgress,
and in what was, spitit:nall3r, the brightest
spot in all SYria. Arany of the Protes,tqni
converts sealod their-faith with their blood;
,not a few of them bore a noble testi.:
mony for Jesus in the' trying 'bent: Just
before the 'slaughter eottunenaed;
14.ToNsOon, one
.of the leadine:,ProieStaniS,::
a mart of &Lill ano,prayer, seeing there; was,
no hope of. eseape,cried outto the Protes
'tants and others around him: ' . .
My dear brethren, the tbne 'is short. The
Drums are coming upon TM.' and we sire 141 going
like sheep to the slaughter. Death• is beforeins,
and we shall SOOn leave this worldand. stand be
fore - God. In whom will yOu trust?, , no:
Saviour but Jesus Christ: look to bim, daf),tiPon
him, trust in him'itnd will:alive. Repent and
believe, and he'will not`east you -'offs Let every'
one call on the:Lord Jesus, the Saviourr- •
Great numbers 'united with =this mari
calling upon God, and is he was leading in
prayer he'wee literally'heWed to pieces.
These thino , s sadden.the Christian heart,
but the Lord reigns ! • The wrath oflman
shall be made to praise him. One thing is'
certain, the Sultan will be cOMpelled
v tb_
protect the Christians,pr his kingdom will
be taken from_him, as probably it ought to
have been long ago. Russia ; will :protect
the Greeks. France will avenge the blood
of , the Maronites, to Where the 'faiteof her,
• - •
rulers has been flyiedged for ,generationa,
And England will demand safety ,fc‘r„ the.;
Protestants. Jast now the power of the)
Beast - .in the West, and of the False'
Prophet- in the' Eait,, are `alike'-utertaCed,
bittG-odbilly knoWs the resiilt.
ty ___ /eHsu. , .or can
any human-being tell what new
-dons of .the great Powers of Europe-this
may .prOduce. 'Napoleon , is''lookieg
iously to the East, bk'ivai of 'the 111 - editeg. ;
ranein,.tembich be,i'Ould bring back tie,
commerce lost to Eranee by the 'discovery,
of the. passage around. the Cape' bf , Gbod!
Hope. Will he be allowed toldn
for us to. wait in faith, prayer, and hOpe.
AIiNUAL• REPORTS--1101 - OF• EDO CilligE
EdUcation has occupied the attentip - n4if
t14: 1 .V; ieShyterian
here is no Church lOW is-her-sugerier,•
in. ; this! :Church,: we belieVe,
which isihkr actual. :She glias special heed'
to tleCTliin*,.tilifing
ing, the hous(44d.4q4Permattentr.hoine
of ,•instrnction Jufant +school ' s ; ;primary
schools; , the, common' or
Aillitgin kis; .
itiirles,P•i o ;,' 4l3 'll , rod4 6 tilii. POW "WP.l?' 3 ,
and the nbjects eft her love and :come ' ) ,Site
provides the means of education; andsiiper--
intends instruetion[fron(the
fan ti le '
of the distincfive eividences itt i tcos
truly Biblical
. c a tf the Lord • ;Teetur:Christ. , "He' ittaii°P;a; .
:teacher come' fioffi'factd-;
leadhei.". wilic'ein t i l tiri4: l
4i . gip s' •1.
• •• unit W1G.13 .
While Presbyterians lyive ever been the.
patrons of education, and foremost in 'the
ranks of tholfel#ll: l 4l'etiiiiVigil sustain
schools and. Oolleireikapctspeeialltaitilyiiiin
heli* z or-r...." - : l i o it, •
yo , b g wen ,ry v
it was not imtil ' iOcr forty rum
ego, that our Gene*, :Assembly, organised
a Board which should lave . special charge
of this work; This Board; at its inception,
,and fdr' more than half the period ,f t its
'maitenlieiad its attention confined 'to the
rseeking ; nntb ; directing and.tiding poor and ,
pious young: men of 'talent,' Who might , de
*re to enter' the ministry? It was not till.
afteithiva . ccissiCa of Dr. VikitEN . F4P4O ,
toileile•i'reterYihip; ennieeixteen:oirie4en:,
teen years ago, that the members
their views so as to , embriwthe Whole ;of .
:of education, •Und, by .plignliesitin th e'
'Assembly; gave t li ei!,ettent!on sehoci i ts ):
Academies,. ; and ; Colleges:; ; tbese ,to jp l s
brought into being, ,and. to be ,guidedArp
.Ghurch SessiOns, , Preabyteriesit4d'lyntidiv
The iviSOrtiLottliii ; -siillitite# 1544 - 10
• ) •
been greatly golibtiact.. ; .lt...tgoi t orr,anu
2LT ' idle' •
4 .P - 11 0 1"3574515 BTRPW,J; , rezfin
;tnittirM IsiNi• I** 'united;:
- L.` : .tt.: .-
feeble.:* , Pitiochialscheols %re butqew in ,
number' fiesb i j i ca ar often
0 ,0
;, I, §5,a.., '
.excelled VfthosbAviiith rt ' edndue ea on'.
private enterprise; and Synodical Colleges,
thohgh numerous and highly useful, have
not attained. pretiminence. They are, in
faet, too numerous to be well endocied‘'and
well filled • and there is a lamentable want
of unity, energy and liberality in their
'snstenanCe. 1 1 1 1 q whole at M.
by the Board, for the department
,of Gen
eral Education, - duringAlid past year, was'
but $1,340. 1 2#` . The amount of; the. Bourd'Ot
receipts, however, and, of r course, .of their
. disbursements, in this department, does not
measnie >their: influence '- They'' help to
keep alive and give a Christian .influence'
toy instituticma which.train many hundreds
of our young men and yoong women. - The
_Report gives ithe names ' and- locations of
sixty Presbyterial Acaue.mies, - and "of
eighteen Spiddical.Colleges: ' '
' But, as intimated, iiiirlsterigl'ObeittiOn
is the- great 'object of- this Board. - This
department of the'WOrk'is regarded by` all
is ,"being. appropriately ~an , l esclesiastical
, TOithis object the ciiiitributions of
the were164;637.19. , The number: of
candidateS was; in' thelr academical;course,
107giat bourse,
A . e ,„ -
their Theological course; i J 92; Or
were receivad . durin 'the year, and the rag
gregate is" IQI gre46o'74" trs
previous year: , - The 'whole,. number, of can
didates' mad the 33 car dur 19g We'
4i yetirs; hilloeen 2,952. . •
ThiS Board has sustained : immense`
less„ in the removal .of 'Secretary, -VAN,
RENSSEL4ER: He not only tpostiessedlabil 7 '
itY; ..a4e'illat ability iC[, t tbe .
It was= not self, relatives,_ or partisans thati
he'serVed, Was'The'ehureli.
ever remember,the emphasis. with. which be
spike to us, in his office, some eighteen
menthe ago- The- subjectu of; conversation
was Zion's interests AS` affected . by tier
agents ':lt was at the ; time -wheli,-the.,•: As
sociate- Secretary of'the Board' of Denitatihi
Neeions h4,resigned,,and-,the 'office-waa
abolished. He'said, alluding to the service
we ,had rendered; and „ t,be„,reproacheei.we
endured : " Go'on,brother: - !Mu have'done
a'good -work,, but you Rave a great,(7,e,a2
more to do. The) '0 •WS I a great want- iof
eebnoiny mantiijing which be:lony,
10„ " ,There must be .Yarther
forms" Several mittdislhefi'eame tinders'
reVW.On. Yps!lliOu g horiion' die4i;;Othei;
did not coincide - withusl lu . 'every minute''
tliing we,saidr and did - ielatiVe : - ,tot. hnreh l
agencies; he was' yet • cordially WithAs in'
principle.' 'lle ad'opted'ourMbito 'Ecoi44 l
nIY AND EFFICIENCY, kOthE in , > Words and
deeds. : He gave hiS'own:limVand eneraiea'
gratuitouSly, and he, conducted; an ads iris-;
tration •under Which faithfUl Men l4bored
and,earned,gleir wages.
When it was ascertained. that diesel:lone.
of SySteinatio Beneiolence., would,- wOrk`
well,.(about.the time of the conversation
abOve alluded ) afrangexitenfg, Weie ni ' Me
to dispense with_the services .of .the Assn- ,
elate coryespOnding SeeTetary. , This 'left'
in tke.erapl4iQf this. Board . but
Secretary; and he Was retained for the Sake
.of the ,Department ,of.Geperal ,Education. ,
Thenialso, the •Board'.Wati . subjeeted'lte
expense' for Clerks' *agesi and they had to.
pay a salary of , only for Treadurer.
and Book , keeiper.'',
been an ..example. :They exhibit 'an .ac
count which niay inapire a Confidencein,
the - churches,- t6t,- their benefactions /will
(. ,
be' righteciusly appropriated:
The ioard , receives:and aids all applicants,
who are 'duly' qualifiedlifd Who'present'the'
proper testimonials. -; The. qualification& are
piety; tale,hts; gob& charaeter;;'6 and "a deiire
to enter, the,migiStry ;h
- the applicant i haVjog,
been at least six months, , a member of Ithe
Presbyterian Church, gopd artd , regular
Standing, and.baving studied - least
three months. The testimonials , are'
,certificate from the Presbytery: tn. which
the applicant ~naturally, ..belpiiirs. The
Board are,exceedingly zdesii ous;ithat appli
cants shalltrulrpossess , the required quill'-
f .,
ficationS; and the General AisemblY
reefs Presbyteries to be cautious`and faith;
ful. After e candidate has beenreceived,
the officers, still exercise a .supervision over ,
his deportment and progress'? ` -growth - in
grace, habits of industry, and 'developnients
of, power,, are required ;" arid in the efier
'CisePof suP i e l rAsion 'the' kind Parental.'
hid of Christian ..,teachers, and of- church ,
SesSions,andtPreabyteries is sdlicitcd : `='` '
wibutitialtssr. :)Repe* Woke. us ;
a frgaiiiil i on ./_rt l Vll4iffinliiti'rial"PUtraiii
rti .1 • • - • •• 4.1,/1 ). t •••1•1 /1 •
Thp inamirtance of s an
and • thorOugh edimittinir, in I,he,fminifitry t •
is ,ablyopresentedrraWdbliefirbilyi,
the ievioning: • Tnet'irikliiiii l d
deliiifid•Yigh; WS'
..• ; • ./111: t• . • ' Tf) .il.! •• 1 •
4,0111 d W . upon °Lir lottns:•wign what•is
well, known tor•tho Board•fandt the; Trashy
teries,l *IWO • fir our
triic foility,fliiqVilieo44iiniitc
quisitions of collegiate ap r theqlogic.fil
learoing i 6l.9, nizt comprisc,tho”oxf)y high
qualifications.. Bliod common rsease,* spiv:
it of 'selfde Vatic* andrirank 'find'
ordeal, 1 e*ctiiiffSeig' 'the,
Slier be , • 'l'7 •V) •••••
prouch khe,o9ppeligul take. upon . them
the,pore..of; ThetLord • give! ns. finch
miniSters; 'in :Urge' mirdbers, for lust -own
;.. • . •
11E1VVILL.1110111111; 111; • -
his~iinat".; Mei.
; • '
a loug i lifei. de'yoted to. .the . cause alum;
He as in the • eighty-secood' year,
e miniatr•
llre7-1111;e1i414,:-AL:)4491Y- i t
jhence he was
called ,to 7 the :03,ixtli Presbyterian church,
,Philadelphia:mWhile serving that church
4341epicb1 eigifiNiss:iitipoilitea 'President of
DiOtiikip:ol+, parlyde
t itn 'OA,. which
he felt his . dittylo incept.
Old difficul
'•ties in the 9ollege still rankling, l anil pre
'venting it froin`heinic 'the nsepilness
WcPter!•alittol o 4 (l l PraTEIPL re
f eigl4edo Anditigt(!feVociratif invitation to •;the
church . at ilnimaiitoirn. position' he
occupied till' thainfiriniti?s of adimnoing
lifs'indiaidliKtkirkitiro,': Fre hid, / ;since
then, ieiti(lo,lL4 l; ,Pbiladelphia, exercising
his, ministry in,ondi j Ag, his Irethren, and , in
preaching Ao:pini,4l:: : , : .;,:f. :
waie;:itiainentit a
Dlt r aehila
• •.;‘, ' v.itufts " ' '• :•••, ..);
OtT s 'Aff e : AlkiYabrofike
~" ~ ~~~:
in every o.ood purpoSe, a 3 / 4 eise:counsellor,
devothdly IDious land in all things his amin
laity shone re,splendent.
Rev. Chiles G. lWLcnn, D. D., formerly of
Gettysburg, Pa well-knovvn for his eon
! nexion with the late itev. Tr. JOHN M., of ,P.altimere, departed, this life,
at an advanced ,Fg-e on; the 4th of July, at
• •
his lath residence,' Indiana.
,American Board of -Foreign -Missions,
will be held in the Tremont Templn, Bos
ton, nn 'Tuesday, the 2d of October, at 4
'o'clock P. M.' This being the Senai`-Cen
tennial- Anniversary, is expected`to be an
occasion of great interest, and laroe num
bers will be in attendance not only from
New-England; from all parts of the. coun
try., Many missionaries from different guar
ters'Of the world will alsorbe present. The
past history of the;Board, its present con
„dition, and its future prospects, will call.
forth much earnest discussion. •Efforts will
be made to , obtain a-reduction of fare ''on'
the different lines`of travel, and the result
will be published as soon as possible.
Boston has always been denominated a
PURITAN CITY, and its early-founders were
those Who left hoine and COnetryhecause of
; 9:lt'll' opposition to'Rpiscopacy. But it as
.not generally, ; known that there was. at, one
time an' attempt' to establish Episcopacy by
I'4-entire' demolition of Puiitaaism. This
was done by Sir Edmund Andress who
.into the colony in the, latter part
of 1686, with almost unlimited , powers, un
dertook to , ebtrude Episcopacy even upen
the Puritan congregation, now known as
the . fain'eus Old .4 9 ,th 'cli'a r ch. He viva so
far, as, to take 'forcible
. possession I of, the
house of worship, for this' purpose: But
the people-resisted 'this , eneroachment upon
their ChiiStian Jiherti . and legal rights•
a`n'ti rr greatly to the wisd6m firmness
and meekness of'the pastor Rev. Samuel
,Willard, were, successful. s Mr. Willard was
the;second pastor of;_thiS church, •and - was
lingtaltmf as colleague' with the Res Thomas
Thateler, 'the first pastor,'the 10th of
April, 1678. In i l7ol he was chosen
President of Harvard College, as sitteesSor
to (the , Rev Dr. Xnerease Mather, and for
Many years he.filled the ',office with ,distin
giushed 'ability and success. He was born
at r qbncortl, Mass., ,itt. January, 1639, ten
, years after the settlement'of Massachusetts
'l3hyteoloiiy; nineteat'' years 'after the
landing of the' Pilgrimsde Plymouth. He
teas the author of forty-four, books and.
,pamphlets., ;
,But his greatkwork was his
"Body of Divinity in two hundred! and
fifty Eipository Lectures on the Shcirtei
Catechism." Previous to , tlonathn Ed=
wards, he was 'acknowledged to :be - the
great divine of Ncw England.
method : is"resorted to for the purpose - of
eilaibitinc , the ii!iPeri(6ity one of
rivals to the other At last the words 4e
fined .rhave been 'actually,rcounted; as ,has
been• the case with the GeOgraphical; Scrip.
trir`e, and. "Proper "namcs. And as 'One of
the'curiosities of literature, we may state
that - the. number of words defined. in the
Vocabulary, Proper of Webster is .99,000:
There are also some 6,000 or, 7,000 words
defined in - the Supplethent, embiicing - words
that have recently come into Use. — ln the
Tabls of , Geographical, ScriptUre, and
Proper names, there are 36,000 pore words
given, rnaking , san Aggregate .of, in round
numbers, 140;000. .In Worcester thet:e is
a- total of 108;300 - words defined, and
28,000 Geooraphicar, Scripture and'Proper'
names, giving a t total of '13,2,6 - 00 words,
leaving about 8,000 more in . Webster than
in Noreester.; l In Webster, there are
14:,700,000, ems, in Woroester,l3,3oo;ooo,
1;400,000 ems, in favor, of Webster,.
ANNlvErtekthe poe!irrnd last . Seek,' the 'ex
arnination ;the' ClRfies commencing on
Monday week. , The graduating class nurn
hers thirty-three, thirty-six : being :the orig
inal number: : Your or .lof,the)grad
uates' have rdedieated. tfiernS'elves to the
foreign mission pas.
t•••L••1.:• - ••*•,l ,
toiiiies . st, tire or.six..aie
called to7pastorates n New-Vingland Rev
nop:flaitis i :ofißan g ii, delivered an able
; addreiti'hefore%blief'l4BCietrof Inquiry, oil
Stilt ai•'eskin7
r • •- t
es t `8
Vi S i t ) ? f P l 9** l 9FAry 4igi ßO L ; We l in i ll Y4
;: mnpingritey. - Alr.,•Beanbien, of Chicago; •
I spoke to•the Students iFteneli •Prote`st,
ism. The sermon before the' Alutnnt was
delivered . by Rcv.. Prof. Stowe,. iri Open ee.
of President • 'ayland:., ' l'•]~e. .text,-Jas.,,v:
16, was treated . an.illustrative and:Soto e
what huinorcus:ostyley; sh`OWing' that we
shodld confeiiiinc ' s not the but
specifically, and l that "preitelling 'the Gc,s.:'
Po' was aPPlANatthq truth , to. individual :
cases,-rather thin dealini:in generalities*
which disturb self-coinplicency;
nor swat* the conseionsnesi 'of sin. !BCC'
Piet Schaff delivered, an siddreis i
TO* Hall, before the ; Porter Ahet l erkai;l
Sticiety, tion ,the Unman Character ..of
Jestis Christ.: ''The subjeiskwas analyzed at
considerable length, and Criptural
simpliCair.• The excellenceS,Cf'Cbrist i the
. paritynnd * saintliness of hinlifo, an& teach
ings were shown to be indubitable evidences
of thelDivinity of the. Son• of. .one
r pealierity • 'aboutthe idareir Pref . '
Said was thet it was origipallyiwritten in,
• Goman, , then toinalated into ,Englialkly
*anther person,' and ID this forin
' eredhy the 'original author. .2 1
•' W. BACON, 'in 4118 1:
/an ."
• centennial address at the f anpivereary of
the Hopkins'
,Grammar Schoo . 1, New,Haven,
gave.a portrait.of the character of %Ezekiel
Cheever the first teacher of - thikaeliocil, and
one of the most distingnishi4l; of `the early,
teichers of Acirtpagland that ( excited con-.
siderable iriterest because. of:lts:likeness to
one who' now bears the 'same . ' fiimily name.
History, he feared, wonld have to write that
the learned, self-denying,. conscientious Cheever
was in some degree willlnl,,,epinionated, and de
cidedly , unmanageable. A _ourious record has,
' been disoovered of histirialleore the First, Churoh •
in New-Haven, not for any iteandalOus sin, sit'
much as rot' being tin•g'erieral pragmatical, dogJ
maticai, and disagrpeable..: Hie particular tranaL'
gression seems to hnvn : consistesiehiefly im speak li
ing evil of dignitaries, in abuzing the church and,
elders, and in doubtful ,disputation.; Hrotkisr
• Cheever 'neither relraothig 'nor giving. aitsier,
the brelluva reasoned ' , withaiim ; they had, for a.
, long, timt i ojtmrired r ao i iqtaiessed agaitui,
„prOttd,spilit ;
pod ccintro'4isyittitil him 'Wondered '
iCwOuld airewhat dtPVtitk
3 hint.' Clievvvr nem* 'Abided.% lin . 211 , 'At :Man
' --
oldest towns in ?the State; it lies on the
Sound, about sixteen miles East of New-
Haven. It was settled in 1639, by emi
grants principally from the rich counties of
Kent and Surrey in. England, whose de
scenda,nts still- remain, occripyinein some
cases the very, homesteads which their
forefathers selected for their homes more
than two hundred years The 'first
minister was. Rev. Henry Whitefteldi an 4
Ids dwelling, which was built in 1640, •is
still `standing, and is believed to be the
Oldest dwelling-honse now standing in the
United States. It is .a massive stone build=
ing, on a beautiful site, .looking directly
-out upon the` waters , uf the Sound, and
'bids fair to stand for centuries still.
W- Y 0 R
Tms CITY continues overflowed with
strangers. The hotels. have, been doing an
immense busines,s, and trade is qUite - active
for this season of , the year. The more dis
tant; purchasers are beginning to arrive,
andmake their selections.for the, pall busi
ness. . The, citi,Tobbers who have an early
trade have been making up their assort
ments, and the clothiers have also been in
creasingly active. ' In cotton goods 'the,
largei - porden of the moVeinecis 'has leen
'for the, out-4-town trade, but• the, drought'
has,cut off the motive power of some Eas
tern mills, and this, has helped to maintain
of 'this city have, bylvmajor•vote, approv
ed the enormous swindle of '.5105,000 for
the Japancie entertainment, the Tribune
haS set to work .in earnest to punish those
7, 110 , voted:in favor: of, it. For some days
their natnewmere published in that Paper,
enclosed - in - Meek lines: On Monday the
residence. and place
,of business 'of each
man was given, and all citizens cautioned
to hold no dealings` with them. The , men
who voted for this. appropriation certainly
deserved all 'this, and probably a severer
treatment But it is queStienable whether
the precedent thus set by ;so influential a
journal as the Tribune,
,may ,not be liable
to grave objections. It certainly can be
abused 'so 'as to accomplish' very injurious
results:' In' the nlentiinkil is not at all
impkobable that this, matter will injure the
3letropolitan Hotel very eonsiderably;
strangers will hesitate about stopping at a
hotiselihereluch wholesale extortion has
been practised.
, '
• From the 20th of July- to, the 2nd of
August, six hundred and thirty-five per
sons,7males' and feniales, haVe been trans
ferred to the WORKHOUSE ' ON Enien.-
w#,L's ISLAND, as vagrants and. disorderly:
persons., One of this number has been,
conimittect' the first ,time;= three hundred
and thirty-seven the second , time; seventy-
five "the third time •,' , forty-four.' the feurth
time t ;, eighty:nine frinn four to ten times:;
eighty-nine from ten to, twenty times; 'ten
the thirtieth time; ten the fortieth time;
two the" forty-first time; and'five the fiftieth
. The BOOK PUBLISHERS are making
ready for a large Fall tradel The leading
houses e each nearly as many Works' in
'press as they can cdpfortabiy look after.
The Etarpers, unable. to meet the demand ;
of, their custorners , by theidaily and nightly
running of half a hundred power presses,
have been compelled to order several more.
It is difficult to say at what point this
,mayanoth,restablishment, now< the largest
in- either-:hemisphere,' lbnit its opera
tions. ' So thoroughly is it systematized in
every part, that casual visitor, on taking
a seat in - the quiet apace railed off on the
FratikAn , Square side of -the building,
would , ,scareely believe that within its walls
a thousand . busy hinds were at work put
tufo. • .together books treatin o . , on almost
, • . •
every SUbject within- the macre of Enmlish'
or. classical literature •
THE GERMAN Ropo4rioNOf this city
id..lhiniens4 - and is eenStantlY . increasing, ;
• ,
that one Yof the great ebjects .
leading political parties is 'to secure this:
'vote. , ;:Itpeannothe deniedthata large part .
of the Gerinane seenifintifely: 'devoted to"'
'Making' ineneY;hy lager beer and the'Sun T .
day theatre.,,'And among ,theM are some.
of the most determined ,eneMies of ~eian4
gelieal `.religion e end . of :all our Ameriien
laitTSAvitli respects `'to the Sabbath" and the"
Sale of liquors. • 'But, art e same nue,
there are many truly pious sand ',godly men
among ;the . . ,Germans, who,, - deeply deplore.
the tendencies of.,tUir , countrymen:
the 'aiigreo'ate'they eihbokr
element, `the 'exiSterioe and the pon%er
of which have been too ditte understood,
either by the American ;population, or
the.Sundey theatre gentlemen.' Thouiands
of 'German citizens arnas . theionghly
dalized by!' the ,Thindayekeesie& of some of
their, ;cipvntryrnen as . Ameriganseanbe, and
they.inre;watehing ; the progrem.of the
forts, :toenforce -the- , laws--against` Siinday
ttppliug ifid.. -- theatrical: * eihibitionVf:eyen
more eagerly "
arc, they as, d estitute, O r religious
instruction of Abe. better kind as has - been
en'erally supposed. , :` , .' , Theilare twenty-one
chnrehes, , .elsiming to i s .oe;' in' a 'greater or
less degree:. seven;ievangeliclt.
these; ~.
are. Lutheran T four.Reformed.llat h (there
are be , organizations our. Didrihattaw Is
land;)' three Presbyterian; tWol:'llethedist .
Episcopal, two iforavian and - One 'each'
Gerinan. Refermed Baptist ~and 4 th "
Apos,telie Episeopal.
and Other,Amissiona'?,:armang•thislmpulaj
tion:, Soine -Of ` the:se 'Onngregatiens' are
large and prosperOus.- - ' • -
SERMON, 011 1 Sabbath: naorni!fig, - -iveek;was
listened to bYgreaCCOnWoUr'f
among yhom,yveret,Many eleigYmen of
ferent , denominationS,'.- Dr.. Spring opened
the services by- an'invocation. The -psalm'
was Sun el'COMMeneingi'
heaVenS, eternal Gad,.
'• ''Thy , gciodrtessin frill glory shines:'''
. .
Prayer was „
offered by Rev. Di:. lerrii,t t '
whom; } Dr Spring f
introduced :as .•
forluPtmatfoAkaPßAsV ; •
. Spring announced his tat, fromlii
rah v' I6~" - ifc have put fiky".4votds
in } to th`y mouth, and I have covered :thee in.
the, qtMX*4'l44i
the:ll44 , ogs a,n4 folp44Atigsns-,of the.
earth,Uand .say unto , Zion; r , Thou cart:
thino„Nve#, Re fit demptien,"
qwently.wft o :7i9 3 4l.2,,yy tv nr, tf,:aelingly did. he.
dwell ; 4pqn tagEolo.44.oetv instead
going -41W it"finettilY .secular History Ofdthet , I
progress and growth of the city and country'
or of recountinghis successes in the ministry
for half a century, as has been done in not a
few anniversary serin:ons lately published.
The closing paragraph was especially tender
. and solemn. He said:
But` I n2ust , close. The half century is gon e
—gone like a small star that has been twinkling
in the curtain of the night=gbue like a soft fine
cadence of distant minstrelsy as it vanishes in
air; gone like the - word just spoken, for good or
evil, never to be recalled; gone like the clouds
that disappear after they have exhausted their
treasure upon earth; gone like the leaves of Au
tunitt which the wind has swept away ; gone like
the phantom which in prospect had the semblance
of vitality, but which in the retrospect has melt
ed away and gone ; gone as yesterday has gone.
Why do I say they are gone Nothing is gone,
whose influence remains, with man or woman.
The Sabbaths, the prayers, the praises, the
Neeks, the months, the years that. seem to us to
have vanished one by one in the mysterious past,
live still in' "God's universe. Past—what is the
past? What the momentous present, this now,
this accepted time? What is the never-ending
future? All parts that make up a grand eternity
—eternity that was, and is, and ever will he.
The great angel of heaven's high chancery, re
cords as well the reaponSibilities of the hearer, as
the responsibilities of ' the preacher; and the
great Judge will render to every man accordin g
to his works. God bless his word for his name's
sake. Amen!
The chasing prayer was offered by Rey.
Ravaud . Rodgers, D.D., grand-son of
Rev. Dr. Spring's predecessor and col
league, Rev. Jan Rodgers, D.D. A hymn
was then sung and the congregation was
dismissed. •
The presentation of the testimonial, on
the following evening, was deferred on ac
count of the low state of Mrs. Spring,
whose death was almost hourly expected.
And she did die on Tuesday morning, but
two days.after the delivery of the fiftieth
anniversary sermon by her husband. Dr.
SPring has held his pastorate longer than
any other eleroyman in this city, excepting
Dr. Berrian, of Trinity church. Dr. Ber
wife• died but a month or two ago.
This city hasits full Share of Visrroas,
and is likely to do a Very large business
this Fall.' The manufactures of Phila
delphia give her an importance of which
she can never be deprived, and a source of
regi j ilar and solid income that is only be
ginnini to be properly 'appreciated.
.Th&churches of Philadelphia embrace a
large number of SCOiCEI AND hum, or of
their immediate descendants among their
membership, and Consequently great in
terest is taken in all that concerns the state
of religion in Ireland and Scotland,
Nowhere else in this country has the late
revival in Ireland excited an equal interest.
A, meeting of,the members of the United
Presbyterian :churches in this eity was held
last Week, in the church of Rev. Dr. Dales,
Race Street above Sixteenth, to hear an ad
dress from ReV, Mr. Kilpatrick, of Ireland,
on the , present state of religion in that coun
try. The meeting was very largely at
tended. Rev. Dr. Dales presided, and in
trodticedMr. Kilpatrick to the Assembly.
The reverend gentleman proceeded to give
.an, elaborate and interesting account of the
progress of Protestantism among the Irish
people. He alluded to the wonderful re
vival which has been takinir place among
the Irish, and spoke • of the great interest
felt., in it by. Christians throughout the
world.' The speaker did , not think that any
accounts of this marvellous action of ProV-,
idence among-that People could have exag;
aerated its importance. His descriptions .
of various incidents connected with thekte
vivaf and its progress , were full-of interest,
and 'Were listened' to with profound atten
tion. 'He coneludeeWith. a _strong appeal
to the Christians of America to assist by
their prayers and, , contributions = the good
work now progressing:
At the conclusien of the diieelrae, Rev.
J. T. Cooper, D.D.. offered a resolution
yressing the confidenceef the meeting in
the representations -ef Mr. - Kilpatrick, and
recommending''his mission .to the' liberal
consideration tite'Christian community.
gymen, , as recoinmended 'by-the late Synod
Of the Lutheran 'Church, is' not without
opposition On this 'account, and in Con
flexion some other ,chmages, a division
has been .caused ,in St. Mark's. Lutheran
church; Spring Garden Street, above Thir
teenth,' of Which, 'the Rev. C. P. Krauth,
D D late of Pittsburgh, is the pastor.
The tise of the gown and the introduction.
of several new worship were ob
noxious' to some of =thelnembers: The lat
ter have held 'iwo meetings, and made
attempts to - organize' it UV* -- congregation.
At the seeps' ,meeting Rev... Dr. Stork,
tt*,...c s ,
formerly pasior ofSt. IViark was invited
to become.the spiritual leader of the new
body. At, an adjourned meeting, a portion
of Dr. - Stork's'answer- was read, in which
he declines th6call; and regrets the action
of the se.eeders.'''S6Me remark.s were made
rIolin) an, and, others, criticising the
course of Dr. Stork. It was unanimously
resolved to' organize- a ,fehrtreh. forthwith.
Elders'and deacons were'elected, and trus
tees were also nominated Some of the
nominees were anxious ,to decline the honor
propose.d to,he conferred upon them. A
series of..resolutions:lwere adopted, after
some discussion:" The - first - provided for
the, .organization of'st!, AiMes':,Evangelical
English Lutheran 4hurch,.to-be subjected
to the , rnles;of, tke East-Pennsylvania Synod.
The Tesolutfon -was ' adopted, with amend-
Inehti. " I For:the pre'sent;' the organization
wilf,"he eoneebleci t *ltk'no 'Synod. Meet
lingshwAl At,,g() 9 North Broad Street
every Sabbath. 1.,
The: 'Rev: ALFRED': Nzvaif D.D., has
withdrawn; at the reil*A of the people,
his tesionation of the plgtorate4f Alexander
ehureh, and will continue his labors as here
!•' For ttie Breityterian Banner.
`Let* fronilowa. '
moms. :NDITOIirS:-,,O ur farmers are
doPe.e , cutkingiwartd many of them done
stacking their;graiir„. All would have been
done, ere this, but for, the-late rains, which,
I fear, will somewhat injure the wheat yet
in shpck.< have been in this State for
ftvelearsyaegt have not seen so good a crop
of,t-wheat, aud, l oats. as the one just cut.
corn, -09,:=neTer, promised so ,well. New
wheatiaalretuly commanding , a fair price,
and consequently times are looking up. If
fora, gine ,4he'garners have been laid deso
late, end, I the, barns broken down, and the
corn.has beert.:withered, now the Lord is
filling t.he itloors full of wheat_ What a
dehVofigratitude we owe, that the Lord
higW4undantly blessed the labors of the
husbindmen. A`.debt we can never pay,
but which we can-most appropriately no
knowledge with a:thank-effering.
Soma i three or four days ago, one of my
parishioners -put, a hundred, pounds of flour