Newspaper Page Text
F. L. Oaken _Editor.
MARIETTA. PA :
` SATURDAY, MARCH 12,1864.
lir Prof. James P. Wickersham, of
the State 'Normal School at Millersville,
has prepared a work on "School Econo
my," which is about being issued by Lip
pincott & Co., of Philadelphia. This is
the first of a series of four books which
are intended to cover the whole ground
of the Science of Education. Speaking
of these books, the Lancaster Evening
Express, says : " Unless we are very
much mistaken, the reader will find this
to be no immethodical collection of iso
lated hints and interesting anecdotes in
relation to school affairs, but a strict and
satisfactory analysis of so much of the
Science of Education as it professes to
discuss, and the deduction of sound prin
ciples and practical methods from admit
ted premises in the everlasting laws of
mind. It will be the first scientific
work on the subject from the American
press, and will be, as such, hailed as the
complement of that which has long been
a dissideratum. The friends of Educe
flop have reason to congratulate them
selves that its preparation has failed into
such able hinds."
or The Raftsman's Journal, publish
ed at Clearfield, Pa., of Wednesday 9th
instant, says :—" The weather being
very pleasant on Monday last, rafting in
was commenced along the beach adjoin
ing this place. The snow that had fall
en last week has mostly disappeared
under the rays of a warm sum The
river is still too low for running, and it
is rather doubtful if snow sufficient re
mains in the forests to raise the river
to a rafting stage. Copious rains, how
ever, may bring about that desired re
sult in a short time.
Rev. G. M. Clawges will lecture
in Temperance Hall, on Friday evening
the 18th instant, for the benefit of the
Ladies' Patriotic Circle of Marietta.—
Subject: "Inadequacy of secular educa
tion." Admission 15 cents. We are
assured by the officers of the Circle that
Mr. G. will not receive a dime for his
services, and that all will be appropria
ted for the good of the soldier.
fi r The Richmond Examiner reports
that Col. Dahlgren was killed at Walk
erton. He had two bullets through the
head, one through the band, and two
in the body. He was stripped of hie
clothes, had his ring finger cut off, to
get the ring, and his body left lying
naked on the ground.
ear The uncomfortable doubt which
has for a time disparaged the fame of
General Meade must, by this time, be
cleared away. It is charged by Gener
als Sickles and Doubleday that he gave
an order to retreat after the first day's
engagement at Gettysburg, which Gen.
Meade denies in toto.
ar The Concert given at the Town
Hall, on Monday and Tuesday evenings
last, for the benefit of the Presbyterian
Sabbath School Library, resulted in a
complete success. The Hall was ex
cessively crowded on both evenings and
the performances very fine.
arA national bank, with•a capital of
$50,000, with the privilege of extending
it to $200,000, has been established at
Onrwensville, Pa., with Hon. John Pat
ton, as President. The General is an
intelligent and sharp financier, and will
make an excellent president for the as
Ur The Government is considering
the subject of the propriety of issuing
two new coins, to be of bronze—one
and two cent pieces. The price of nickle
is extremely high, and it is proposed to
substitute some other metal for it.
ifir Two rafts—"the first run"—ar
rived at this port on Tuesday last. To
have seen the crowd at the river bank
on their arrival, one would have sup
posed them to be a great curiosity in
sir A despatch from Major General
Butler says that the Richmond papers
state that the rebels have ordered all
of Kilpatrick's officers whom they have
captured to be put in irons.
By reference to our advertising
Columns it will be seen that a very de
sirable property is now offered for sale,
the residence of the late Samuel Johnson
irrOur thanks are due Gen. Glatz, of
the State. Senate Smith, of the H. 8.,
and Mr; William Child, for legislative
and congressional favors.
frA Soldiers' Fair held at York, (la
the "22d week," yielded but $4,000.
York being a Copperhead countyovill
account for this.
Maximilian is said:to be besieged
with Confederate `"officers' in Eiropl,'
asking for employment in Mexico.
A VALUABLE ALBUM.—One of the ob
jects on exhibition at the Washington
fair, the work of one young lady, is a
magnificent album, containing a collec
tion of autographs and photographs. It
contains portraits and signatures of all
the Presidents, including Washington,
but one (Harrison), over one hundred
loyal generals of the war, including all
who have been celebrated for bravery or
success, and a large number of naval
heroes. Also fifty portraits of distin
guished, scientific, political, and literary
men, with the autographs, of Humboldt
I and Irving, and more than two hun
dred portraits of generals, statesman,
and literary men of the time. This vol
ume is valued by competent judges at
$6OO, ard will be disposed of by lot,
when 200 tickets are taken at $2 each.
fir There can be no possibility of
doubt any longer as to the hostility of
the democratic leaders in this State to
the men who are periling their lives in
the defence of the government. These
leaders are placing themselves square
on the record, by avowing and prac
ticing a hostility to the heroes of the
war for the Union, at once unjust and
malignant. In the Senate, on Friday,
on the vote to secure the increase of the
pay of the soldiers, every Democrat but
one voted nay, Mr: Kinsey, of Bucks
county, voting in the affirmative. The
bill passed, however, by a vote of 18 to
15. On the vote to amend the Consti
tution to allow soldiers to vote, every
democrat in Senate—Mr. Kinsey ex
cepted—either voted against it or dodged
voting at all. Soldiers, you may thu s
see who are your friends.
fir There are now two hundred and
seventy-eight National Banks organized,
with a capital of $33,042,000. Eight
million dollars of the new National cur
rency in fives and tens have been issued
to one hundred and seventy-eight banks,
bringing the issue up toithe first of Jan
uary, since which time the other one
hundred banks have been organized.—
The Controller is being rapidly supplied
with the notes, and the other banks will
soon receive their portion. The plates
for the new notes (twenties, fifties and
one hundreds) are in hand, and these
will be printed and issued soon.
sir Millard Fillmore has put in a
"bid" for the Copperhead nomination
for President—a worthless honor at the
best. At a recent Sanitary Fair in
New York State, at which he was al
lowed to preside, he made a speech in
behalf of the Rebels, urging their resto
ration, after the war, to all their 'rights'
under the Constitution which they have
defied during the last three years. Poor
Fillmore ! Are there not traitors
enough in the 'Democratic' ranks that
he should add one more to the list
which posterity will execrate ?
sr Ladies should not make pin cush
ions of their mouths. Mrs Kate E.
Taylor, of Sidney, as we learn from the
Showhegan Clarian, swollowed a pin 12
years ago, since which time she has been
troubled with a pain in her lungs and a
cough. Recently, during a severe cough
ing spell, she brought up into her mouth
an old fashioned ounce pin, much corro
ded, which was, undoubtedly, the pin
swallowed so long ago.
Mrs. Gen. Wm. H. Harrison, de
parted this life on Friday of last week,
at the advanced age of eighty-eight
years and seven months, at the residence
of her son, the Hon. J. Scott Harrison,
near North Bend. The funeral took
place on Sunday morning from the resi
dence of her son-in-law, Col. Taylor, at
aim' A Portugese poet, of some ce
lebrity, poor and old—Gomez de A mo
rim—recently sent his library to Rio
Janerio to be sold. Some 'of his coun
trymen there subscribed the value of his
books—twenty thousand dollars—and
sent him both the money and the books.
Mr. Wilson, - Chairman of the
Senate Military Committee, stated a day
or two ago, that we are enlisting men
at the rate of two thousand a day. He
said we have already over 300,000 of the
500,000 called for, and urged the con
tinuance of the bounties to April 1.
Or A cameo portrait of the Saviour,
existing in the time of the Emperor Ti
lcierias, and given to Pope Innocent the
Eighth, has come to light in Rome. It
is pronounced authentic, and has been
copied by a Parisian sculptor.
eirSoldiers do your duty to yourselves
by protecting your health-use Hollow
ay's Pills and Ointment. For wounds,
sores, bowel complaints and fevers they
are a perfect safeguard. Full directions
accompany each box. Price only 30c.
air Charles A. Weed, of Stamford,
Ct., has purchased the estate of Secre
tary Judah P. Benjamin of the rebel
confederacy, on the Mississippi river,
near Baton Rouge, for $140,000.
Ger "The Gardener's Monthly" tor
March is on our table. As usual, this
oldlavorite magaiine is freighted with
valuable information for every farmer.
ear Captains Sawyer ;tad Flynn, late
ly selected.to be tuartyri' to retaliation,
are about to be surrendered to eichange.
sr The net procelds'of the Lincester
Soldiers' Fair amounted 'to $12,191.51.
c - it-- , TIIE MA.RIETTIA.N.6
General sews items.
A bill will probably pass the Legisla
ture imposing a fine of five hundred dol
lars and twelve months' imprisonment
upon any one who recruits in this State
for any other State.
It is stated that, in view of the large
demand for houses by persons of moder
ate amens, a company of capitalists in
Philadelphia propose to erect some
three hundred bowies in that city during
the coming season. They have bought
land on East Capitol street, where it is
said the first operations will be inaugu
A German who bad fifty dollars in
gold in a drawer, in his work-bench in
Colt's Armory, had to leave it there at
the breaking out of the fire. On dig
ging in the debris, near the spot where
his bench stood, the gold was found,
melted into one nugget.
One of the Boston rioters concerned
in resisting the draft in July last, has
just been sentenced to ten years hard
labor in the State prison.
In the United States the Fenian
Brotherhood numbers fifty thousand,
and in Canada and Ireland one hundred
and fifty thousand. What they mean to
do is not decided yet. The first thing
is to unite the Irishmen and imbue them
with one sentiment.
Twenty persons were tried and con
victed last week in the Montgomery
County Court for stealing coal off the
cars of the Philadelphia and Reading
Railroad. They were' each sentenced
to one month's imprisonment.
It appears from a letter of the Com
missioner of Pensions that only twelve
of the revolutionary soldiers are now
living. Their ages vary from 94 to 105
years, and their pensions only from $24
to $94 per annum.
The brain of Lord Byron weighed
sixty-three ounces, that of Thackeray
fifty-eight and a half. Both were much
above the average, which is forty-nine
ounces for man, and forty-four for wo
It may be interesting to lady readers
to know that 'the Empress of Austria
has the smallest waist -in Christendom.
It measures 154.- inches, about the cir
cumference of her husband's neck. And
yet the circumference of her body at the
shoulders is 38 inches.
John G. Whittier, the poet, states
that while Wm. Lloyd Garrison was in
prison in Baltimore, in 1830, Henry
Clay wrote from Lexington, Ky., to a
friend in Baltimore, •directing him to
pay the fine and costs, and liberate Mr.
Garrison. This fact has not been pub
licly known until very recently.
The rebels have made a chemical mix
ture which they call a "sneezing com
pound," which they inject into hiding
places on board blockade runners in or
der to discover any individual who may
be surreptitiously attempting to leave
Jeff Davis's dominions.
In Georgia they seem to have a law
to prevent matrimony among the too
old as well as the too young. The
Legislature recently passed a bill for
the relief of Calvin Webb, an old man
seventy years of age, and allowing him
We find in a list of centenarians in
England that two-thirds of the whole
number are women, attributable to their
quietude and temperate habits. Very
few bachelors or old maids live to be an
hundred years old, and a centenarian is
rarely, if ever, a rich man.
A bog of marsh in England becoming
dry, the people were surprised at the
sight of a square mile ,; ef. - frogs moving
across the country, the - kild frogs with
little frogs upon their backs, and all led
by huge old patriarchs migrating to the
A man in Ravenna, Ohio, has caused
the timber of a building in Franklin
Mills, built by John Brown, to be cut
into pieces suitable for canes, and de
posited them in the Sanitary Fair
building at . Cleveland, properly labelled.
It is reported that Franklin Pierce is
to be the candidate for the United
States Senator to be elected in place of
John P. Hale. Well, Pierce might as
well be beaten as any other Democrat.
Two radical German papers in St.
Louis, the Neue Zeit and the Westlich
Post, have hoisted the name of General
Fremont as the People's candidate for
A. paper called the New Regime has
been established at Norfolk, Virginia.
It is unconditionally loyal, and will be
the official journal of that department.
It is estimated that the receipts of the
Brooklyn Sanitary Fair will amount to
The Steamer Great Eastern has been
chartered to lay the Atlantic Telegraph
Cable in the Summer of HO.
The widow of President Harrison died
at her residence at North Bend. Ohio, -
on - Friday last. -
A. child has been, born armless and
legless. of Western parents. It lives
, and thrives.
• sEr •Diffeabacit.liaa ! Maizeoa: for sale...
It is said be a most delicious article.
CAN IT BE TRUE ?—The New York
Tribune publishes the following :
A written communication was sent to
the Secretary of War on Saturday last
by a former member of the Maryland
Legislature, and a cousin of the rebel
General Lee, stating that during the
battle of Antietam General Lee had his
headquarters at his house ; that on the
night after the battle he sent a messen
ger into our lines to General McClel
lan, requesting an interview at his head
quarters ; that General McClellan, ac
companied by some of his staff, rode
that night through the rebel lines, and
had a long interview with General Lee,
who, among other things, informed Mc-
Clellan that his army was crossing the
Potomac, The writer has been sub
phcenaed before the Committee on the
Conduct of the War.
AGE OP GREAT WRlTERS.—Bancroft
will be 64 years of age on the 3d of next
October; Motley, 50 the 15th of April ;
Emerson, 61, the 25th of May ; Byrant,
70 the 3d of November ; Longfellow, 57
the 27th of February ; Whittier, 57 in
February ; Holmes. 55 the 29th of Au
gust; Lowell, 45 in February ; Mitchell
(Ike Marvel), 42 in April ; Curtis, 40
the 24th of February ; Stoddard, 39 in
July ; and Bayard Taylor was 39 the
11th of January. All were born in New
England except one ; no less than eight
of the twelve saw the light in Massa
chusetts ; and Maine, Rhode Island,
Connecticut, and Pennsylvania, each
A M AMMOTII HOTEL—The Lindell
Hotel, St. Louis, is the largest hotel in
the United States. It is seven stories
high, exclusive of basement. Its height
from sidewalk to cornice is 112 feet.—
Beside marble flooring and other flag
ging, 300,000 feet of flooring boards
have been laid, requiring 300,000 feet of
carpet to cover them. Thirty-two miles
of bell-wire are used, and three water
tanks, or reservoirs, into which 30,000
gallons of water are taken up and dis
tributed to all parts of the house, rest
upon the roof. The whole property
will have cost nearly a million and a
half of dollars.
MECHANICS EXCLUDED.-At one time
the rich merchants and professional men
of Philadelphia proposed to form them
selves into a social circle, from which
all mechanics were to be excluded. The
papers were drawn up for this purpose
and presented to Dr. Franklin for his
signature. On examining its contents
he remarked that he could not consent
to write his name, inasmuch as by ex
cludfng mechanics from their circle,
they bad excluded the Almighty, who
was the greatest mechanic of the uni
General John Morgan has deter
mined upon a highly ridiculous, disa
greeable and humiliating course of treat
ment for the prisoners whom he may
capture, in retaliation for the prison
discipline which he was forced to under
go in the. Ohio Penitentiary. There
will be a barber attached to his band,
and to his skilful hands every prisoner
taken, who is higher in rank than a
sergeant, will be delivered, and be he
Lieutenant, Colonel, or General, each
will be shorn of moustaches, whiskers,
and hair, until his head is shaven as
bare as an egg.
gar Two soldiers on guard were re
cently found murdered in St. Peters
burg. It was suggested that the eyes
of the murdered soldiers should be im
mediately photographed, in the hope of
successfully testing the discovery re
cently made, when, to the surprise of
all, the result was the production of the
portraits of two soldiers of the private
guard' of the palace, on whose breasts
were the insignia of the cross of
George. The murderers were at oas,
sought out and apprehended.
In the Maryland Senate on the
2d instant, the committee on the-Antie
tam battle-field reported in favor of the
purchase of twenty acres of the battle
field, and jointly with the State of New
York, which agrees to bear half the ex
pense, to reinter therein the remains of
the soldiers of the Union who fell in the
'battle. They also propose the purchase
of three acres upon South Mountain,
upon which to erect a monument to
General Reno. •
The Scientific American says :
'Stoves made of soapstone have been
introduced at Quebec. They are said
to throw out a mellower and more uni
form heat than iron. The material of
which they are made is very abundant
in the mineral region south of the St.
rfir Joshua Dewey, the oldest gradu
ate of Yale College, died at Watertown,
N. Y., on the 24th ult. He was nearly
97 years of age. Mr. Dewey was James
Fenimore Coopers tutor. Rev. Dan
iel Waldo, of Syracuse,'N. Y., of the
class of 1788, is now the oldest graduate.
sir Two hundred and forty thousand
persons in London get their living by
thieving, beggary and other disgraceful
means. One;person to six of the whole
populatien dies in some public institu
tion:of charitY or correction:
lir It ,is estimated thai the Union
Leagues in the _ United States number
.more than 800,000 members:.
GENERAL .M EA DE. —The New Y or :,
Tribune, which published the statemPt•
that Meade had ordered a retreat befor,
the battle of Gettysburg, publishes since
the following :
General Meade was examined yester.
day before the Conduct of the W ar
Committee about the order he gave tl ! ,
army at Gettysburg to retreat . at th
close of the first day's fight. lliß ex .
planations and allegations led to the 1 ..
suing of a summons to General Butter.
field to come to Washington and tesWi
upon the issues of responsibility, &c,
made by General Meade's evidence. I t
should be no secret that the more ea r .
nest members of the Committee, :up.
ported by high officials, have made po w _
erful appeals to the President, within
ten days, to remove Meade fron the
command of the Army of the Potomac.
THAT PICTHRE.—The executors of the
estate of Rembrandt Peale hare offered
for sale to the Art Committee of the
Metropolitan Fair, in New York, that
distinguished artist's great national
picture of "Washington before York
town." The price they ask is eight
thousand dollars, and a committee has
been appointed to solicit subscriptions
for the purpose of securing it to the
Metropolitan Fair. The committee are
of opinion that the addition of so meri
torious a work to the art; gallery of the
fair will greatly add to its attractiveness,
while its exhibition and subsequent dis
posal will largely increase the income
of the affair.
RTESIAN WELLS IN THE DESERT :
Modern science is literally making "the
desert to blossom as the rose." In the
great desert of Sahara in 1860, five ar
tesian wells bad been opened, around
which vegetation thrives luxuriantly:
thirty thousand palm trees and one
thousand fruit trees were planted, and
two thriving villages established. At
the depth of a little over five hundred
feet, an underground river or lake was
struck, and from two wells live fish have
been thrown up, showing that there is
a large body of water underneath.
GENERAL GRANT.—The St. Louis Ice
publican, a paper likely to be well in
formed, says : "General Grant is not
going to trouble himself much concern
ing these movements of politicians. It
is not to his taste. His intention is to
close ; the war as soon as possible, and he
wants to be foot-loose, not hampered by
any political entangfemente. He ask:.
DO other duty now. He is not, and will
not be, a candidate for the Presidency
at the forthcoming election, and politi
cians may trim their sails accordingly."
THE MOUNT VERNON ESTATE.—The
vice regents of the Mount Vernon pro
perty, Miss Hamilton
been in session for a day or two of last
week. It is understood that there is
money in bank io defray the deferred
payment. The title is pronounced good
by distinguished counsel, as the estate
has never been occupied by Federal or
rebel troops during the war. The vice
regents have applied to Secretary Stan
ton for authority to run a steamboat to
EXCHANGE OF PRTSONERS.-A special
despatch to the Press says "arrange
ment for the exchange of prisoners have
at length been effected. For some time
past an unofficial correspondence be
tween General Butler and the rebel
Commissioner Ould has been carried on.
The correspondence has resulted in a
declaration of exchange, in which it is
agreed that all prisoners delivered at
City Point up to the 24th of January,
1864, are declared exchanged."
THE NATIONAL BANNS.- A. memorial
merchants of Philadelphia was pre
:ented by Representative O'Neill, of
Pennsylvania, praying Congress to tax
the circulation of all State banks to such
an extent as to compel them to call
in their issues, that the 'country may
have nothing but a national legal ten
der currency. They say that the State
bank issues have already depreciated,
and are liable to further depreciation.
The Copperhead Legislature of
Delaware, true to its paternity has again
placed itself upon record, by refusing to
appropriate $375 toward providing a
place in the National Cemetery at Get
tysburg for those who were killed in the
battle of Gettysburg, from that State.
Yet these are the men who claim to tic
loyal and the friends of the soldier.—
They are the same everywhere that they
dare to be.
plire The Government has extended
the bounties to volunteers until the Ist
day of April. This will afford districts
an opportunity to fill their quotas, and
give an increased , impetus so the recruit
ing now going on in all of the loyal
General Wild, commanding at
Norfolk, Va., has directed the churches
of that city to be opened and the pul
pits filled by loyal preachers. Colored
soldiers must be admitted to the church
es the same as others, and any insult
or indignity will be punished.
I A niarriage noticojegileAf the
Boston papers has appended to it the
notice of the days on which' theAteopy
couple will receive their friends. This