The Mariettian. (Marietta [Pa.]) 1861-18??, November 29, 1862, Image 1

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[From the New York Mercury.]
Written by an Asent
. SOldier to his Wife on
her Birthday October 3d.
Thou art as far from me this day.
As When of yore we used to say :
"The hills from the sea-side."
A score of years have passed away,
And still I chant that sweetest lay : '
"Tpou, art my youthful bride."
This century bee given to fame
lan'Y a great and noble name;
But none so dear to me
As that you bore when first we met,
Except ifie one thou bearest yet—
Love twining mine to thee.
We blended in our youthful years
Our hopes and joys, our smiles and tears ;
AB angels wert thou pure.
Time bath not robbed thee of thy
But in thy noble mind canst trace
The loyclyyouth mature.
Then wert thou all the soul could crave ;
My heart thy trusted, Willing slaye,.,
And thee , my heavenbelow:
In thee my hopes and love had birth ;
For out of thee no place on earth
Could solace half My woe:
Benignrint heaven hutb on us smiled";
I lymeneul joys the years beguiled
With hopes of peace above ;
And thou, the blissful source tp me
Of all I prize,.of all I be,
Three soweentrs of love.
The first, our sweet and lovely Grace,
'Whose brilliant eye and comely face
Art thou, again sixteen.
The last, the cherub of them all,
"Our darling Milly" do we call;
A romping lad between.
Next tine and them 'twere truly vain
To tell thee how my heart doth pain
To hear my country's call.
In her behalf, without suspense,
I'll wield the weapon eLdefence
Till every traitor Tall.
Or I myself a martyr rest
Upon my country's faithful breast;
Defending still the right,
And wielding with a trembling hand
The wrapon I may yet-command—
Though dying will I fight.
In her defence forth will rgO
To strike the last, the fatal blow
In this intestine broil.;
Or dig the grave that Shall ineloie
The deadly mass that shall,repose
Upon her sacred soil.
Though Fate debar our meetilit here,
Thy memory shall be my cheer—;
For thee 1 still will pray-;
And though engaged in deadly strife,
Thou art my own, my loving wife,
And this thy natal day.
For The Martenlan.
The True Cause of the War.
Much has been written and spoken on
the cause or causes of 'the present war
between the northern and southern Uni
ted States,—or rather, on the southern
lebellion 'against the authority of the
general government. Nearly all the
views and sentiments expressed by 'dif
ferent individuals, have contained more
or less truth, but the larger portion in
pur estimation have been tainted with
prejudices, biases, and great fundamen
tal errors. A. long article upon `this
subject, published in the Lancaster In
telligencer of Sept. 30th, last, seems to
be, id' an eminent degree, one of this
character. The writer of it may be hon
est and patriotic, and as far from inten
tional evil as an angel is removed
from the regions of the condemned and
yet, his article does not reflect the true
cause cif the war, and subjects 'him to
a suspicion of sinister design in writing
and publishing it at this juncture in our
national affairs; Waiving all idea of
criticising it as a fiiithful historical re
cord, so, far as it goes, of the past and
present attitude of old England towards
the United Mates, yet,. the.deduptions
and conclusions ,of the writer, are, in
the main, entirely erroneous. - The'arti
cle in question is written from a merely
aluVeytnVent altonsgliraitiaoma!: gitilettV to . politics, Yittraturt, ritAlturt, Ittos of lilt gag, Yotal aintriligtott,
partizan etandpoinVand all ifs details,
deductions and conclusions are' sadly
tainted with Partizan biaSes.
The time has come in the hiFitory of
our country, when* to be true patriots,
men must learn to elevate their minds,
above merely political .partikan Views,
and, having the fear` of God, and
. the
love of their country - before their eyes,
must discuss the matters relating 'to 'its
welfare on broad catholic grounds.' In
doing this, the slavish bonds •of 'subser
viency to mere party, in trying times
like these, 'must be broken, and' the In
man soul be free and independent
enough to speak and act the truth, ac
cording to the dictates of an approving
conscience. If this is not the case . , the
wrong can never be righted, for men are
not in a condition to teach truth while
they are-in error themselves, and they
can never divest themselves of errors,
unless they see them, have •the honesty
to acknowledge them, and the indepen
dence to' abjure them. 'The ' fundainen
tal or superinducing cause of the'present
domestic war in the United States, does
not Hein the agitatione. growing out of
the existence Of slavery in the southern
States,'and their attempt- to extend it
over the territories'; ; nor yet in its non
existence in the northern States, and
their attempt to have it abolished, or re
stricted to its present limits. It is true,
that these unhappy divisiciris and bitter
agitations among the •people of this
country upon this subject, have been
seized upon by partizan leaders to' ad
vance their own political' interests, and
have been finally made use of as a spe
cious pretvice for an unhallowed and
ignoble revolt against , the government
instituted and transmitted to them by
patriotic and self sacrificing fathers,
who, by seven yedra of bloody toil bad
wrested these fair lands from the domin
ion' of a tyranni* monarchy";' yet this
was not necessaril.# to cause of tb'e war.
The real' cause lies deeper than this, and
is of such a nature that it must have ul
timate& itself in a violent form some
time, andln its manifestation must have
siezed upon some plausable pretence, in
order' to secure adherents enough, to lie-
Complish its purposes. The whole cense
lies in that struggle - which lies constant
ly been going on, in this, world, ever
since governments have been instituted
among mefi, between two opposing sets
of principles occupying .the hearts, the
minds,' and the.:affections of men—be
tween that love nf rule, on the. one hand,
which delights itself in making' every
thing else subservient to its, dictations,
its comforts, and-its aggrandizernents. ;
and on the other hand,- that 'genie of
freedom and equality before God and
the law, which is the birthright of every
living soul which the Creator has form
ed. Between these principles there must
always be a conflict,' because one or the
other will prevail.
'Even admitting that it is true, that
the chief motive which led England to
emancipate her slaves in, her colonial
,possessions, was, in order that she might
thereby more successfully sow discord
among the people of the United States
upon that subject; yet, bad the whole
country been true to itaell, and had the
whole people effectually weaned them
selves from the love of those odi'ons dis
tinctions in English society, which are
*based upon blood and birth, she 'Sever
could have succeded in fomenting trea
son an rebellion among , us. : 'Even if it
were true, that the "Queen of England"
and her "maids of honor," in - collusion
with other distinguished' liersoilapie of
the English realm,-akied and abetted by
sympathizers' on this Side of thikAtlan
tic,—had formed philanthropic: associa
tions and leagues, for the ostensible '
amelioration of African bpndmen in the
United States,_ but really for,. the pur
pose of, creating jealousies and ijistrusts
between the different sections of the
country ; still, she-must have signally
failed in such nefarious 'designs,Thad
there been no sympathy for English in
stitations end social distinctions previ-,
ously existing 'amongst us, and no ha
tred and disgust for those democratic
enactments whiCh are calculated to4pro
duce social,. financial,._and intellOctual
equality, amongthe people at large.—
Finally;even if it is true, that the whole
course of the,English_ Government and
the English netion'towards the Govern
ment of -the 1513 ited-States t and'towards,
its people, was intended to= eventually
overthrow the government otthe-,latter
and bring, it apsectiallrunder the King.'
ly rule of the former;; :yet, bad .there
not been a strong partiality for king
craft among sera' of mg . ,own people
that was only waiting for ,a fitting ,op
portunity to affiliate itself with ,tingly
partialities on the other eide of the_ we,
ter,--an intestine war, and all its atten-
4 _kt_..• . ':- 7tl - 1: - '4. l i)f:, : t - :, : . .:. i,:,::-.,.,a,:71.1.4-,
.- px 4 '..SLALTu:-_OO.. , Xo'NFEAtOi.i. : ' . /.9,, -,1 ,
dent horrors, could never hive been in
angarateid'in these States.
Lei a spirited and self dependent son re
volt against the iron rule of an arrogant,
envious; and- domineering father; and set
np an establishment of his own, based
upon ofiposing p'rin'ciples, or upon a sys
tem of more liberatand republican views;
and, although that father may 'be com
pelled byan inexorable train of circum
stances to acquiesce in, or acknowledge
the right of self control on the lien' of
his son; arid may renew. and 'Continue his
social relations with him ; yet, so long
as the arrogance, envy, and self will , of
the father continues, and the disappoint
ment and chagrin•which grew out of the
original eeperation, that father will al
ways secretly desire the failure, the dis
tress, or the final overthrow of the house
hold of his son ; and especially, will this
be the case, if that son has been blessed
with a career of prosperity that equals,
or is destined to outshine his own. ..Nor
will the subsequent ostentatious over
estimation of his own virtues, abilities,
resources, and prowess, on the part of
that son, nor the invidious criticisms
and hauteur of his father, narrow the
breach that, is between them, albeit mu
tual misapprehension of each others re
al abilities and intentions,. may lead to
external or outward relations of amity
and comity between them. If, in addi
tion to this, that father, is surrounded
by a community of neighbors of like ar
rogant, envious and domineering
clivities or- characteristics as his own,
who, on account ,of the effect it may
have upon 'their children, are as hostile
to the success and happiness of that son
in his new
,domicile, and under its dem
ocratic government, -as his father can
possibly, be
_they will sustain . ,that fath
er in his hostility, even when 6ont , pa
rental affectionfind pride, he had felt
disposed to look with approval upon his
son's rapid commercial, mechanical, ag
ricultural, and intellectual progresi; and
especially will this be ,the case, if,that
son is surrounded - by neighbors; who by
the force of his example, are severing
(or have severed), the connections, be
- tweet' .theinlielves and the governments
of their parents. ' •
This.seems-to have been, and probably
is still , the state 'of affairs existing be
tween'-Great Brittain and the United
States'of America. Indeed whatever the
appearances heretofore nuty have been,
or whatever they rosy be in the future,
it cannot be otherwise, from the very Eia
tore of the institutions governing the two
countries, than that. England
ways eontinue to regard the United
States, and its form of governuient, with
jealousy, and with unqualified aversion.
Somebody has wisely written that there
is no such thing as disinterested nation
al friendship ; and that where there is
the appearance of national friendships,
it is based entirely upon self interest, or
the ability they may possess of command
ing the res Pent of the world. As soon
as the ability to maintain its dignity
and independence wanes, or as soon as
neighboring nations have no longer an
interest in its existence, so soon will its
rights be curtailed, its flag. be insulted,
and its territory be ipvade.d. England
has no interest: in the welfare_ of the
United States government and its peo
plo, any farther than; it mci;,,v , yield her -a
market for the , purchase, of raw material
for the supply of her own manufacturing
establishments, and an , outlet for the
,sale of their fabrics. Professing, upon
moral grounds, a holy horror, for the ,in
stitation.of African slavery, yet, in or
der to receive an undiminished' anillnn
interrupted supply , of•cotton;she would
not hesitate; upon merely pecuniary
grounds, to , forego her pious:profeesions,
if - she cbuld , thereby successfully ulti
mate-her greater hatred' for , Republican
institutions. 'This, from all that has
transpired between the two governments
from the very formation of the American
union the fiesent time, seems to
have been the real attitude, of OldEng
lands towards us, notwithstanding she
may have, had many high functionaries
and worthy eivillians, who unequivocally
wished us well. ptit. no unfriendly . at
titudeoeEngland towards,, us, „nor 9,5
combinations of any foreign governments'
—their kings, queens, or maids of bett
or, -or any of their other high officials,
conld-ever have been the , cause of such
a war as is novi , raging between the two
contending sectionset Ilia country; if
-we had been true , t 0 ourselves, - and 'had
fostered-the spirits of freedom and'eqeal
ity, as they are uttered-in the "Declare- •
tion of lode - penal:reit," that magna char
to of our rights and our liberties.
Withont intentional dispa:rateinent,
or invidious comparisons between the
direr - ea sections of onecountry; yet, -it
does seem that when, more than eighty
xedrs ago, the, dark ,spirit.. of:monarchy
and a priviliged aristocracy was-ban
ished from these. States,:--- by the final
fall of YorktoWn and : the recognilibn of
our inclependence,—as' ,he winged`` his
flight to the old world,,lie contrived to
dibp an eicrein'entiCions seed in the n e ts,
that - must havelaileri and'germlnatedin
South Carolina, for that State has been
the yeriilhot-bed of arrogabeei-self-Will,
and aristocracy ever: eince.nhe' limp been
a pert of this governnient, If not of' this
continent. Every` other State in , the
Union;"especially-those north ofill.ason
and - Dixon's line, haie c from time to time
so altered, amended, and liberalized
their fundamental laws as to br,ing them
in harmony with, the enlightened pro
gress of the age, bat South Carolina has
- hugged to her bosom, arid fostered and
nursed those fossil institutions, social
customs, and, habits of thought, which
she brought oyer with her from the,mo
ther, country, long years ago,,auCinpro
cess of time She 4as
become `more,il
liberal and aristrocratic, if 'possible,
than, she had been in the days of her rio•
litical infancy. It seems now rather a
matter of astoniehment that she ever
should have participated in our revolu
tionary struggle, and :her subsequent
conduct perhais only goes to show that
she was altogether selfish in that war,
and that she only unitedwith the'Other
colonies, and sympathized With them in
it, so far as it was a war for Colonial in
dependence, and that:had England ack
nowledged- her individual - independence
in the beginning - of the contest,she would
not`hate voted another dollar or an
other man to' continue it on the part' of
the other colonies; for, there is abuit-
dance - of evidence, during the whole
course of her, _subsequent - history,* to
prove also that she heartily regretted her
position As a member ,of the American
Union, lierbigoted ideas - of social cast
and priviliged orders, strengthened by
her -institution of legalized- serfdom—
which incladed, citnlly, her whole col
ored population, and socially, the indi
gent portion'of even her white popula
tion-have tind9rgonh . no change since
ihe daiA of her colonial dependence, or
if a change has takedplace, she has on
ly beCome more aristocratic, self-willed,
and illiberal than sho was before, (as
has hfreadi been remarked,) and tlie, so-
dal and politichl poisons hminating
from her attitude, and her_ example has
fatally imbued.the.minds orniany of her
hitherto law-abiding and union-loving
neighbors. An fultiniate seperation of
- South - Oardlina- from' her sister States
has long - since been cherished as an in
evitable,. - foregone • conclusion, . and
therefore She never entertained the re
motest idea of a "compromise" with the
General Government or with the other
States on any terms.. The compromises
involved in an honest adherence to the
Constitution of the United States, were
more than was ever palatable to her ;
and therefore,' ever since that instrument
became the supreme law of the land, she
has been seeking_ a pretence to evade,
or'entirely throw off "its requisitions.—
Profeissing to be; Democratic, she yet
diapised and set at nought the very es
sence of Democratic institutions, by a
perpetual' decree ,of human inequality
before the law, as the fundamenial basis
of.lmman.society,•sind•as a rellgious'doc
trine ineulcated by the' word of God,
and.*.therefore binding., upon the con
-sciences and the lives of teen ; and also
by a 'determined resistance of the mill of
thelleople at large, c,onstitutionally ex
piebsed.. The southern press and south
ern sit:item/en—land.; especially those of
ontli,. Carolina; and,perhaps most:espe
cially, those of Charleston, have• been
sufficiently outspoken, from time, to
time, to ebrivinee:an'y rational inao;that
their, people. had as little affinity for the
demoorapc,„institutions of the north, as
the most bigoted and fanatical abolition
ist had for thepeculiai institution of the
South. It is true that they had politi
cally fraternized with the great Demo
cratic .party,of the, country, but it was
_only.beeause that, party in , the magna
nimity Of i as power, .permitted itself, to
lie an instrumentality through, which
the South could exercise a con_ trolling
infhienhe in the affairs of the' general
goviirriinent. - So'shoi ns'it : benaate ap
parent that other council's` might pm
41n 'opposing influence
there,iiiii South dishonestly' and`
miniously deserted the government es
'tablishe'd by the fatherri Of the republic,
Ana contrary to Democratic 'or Republi
"can pretideht;bya self-chnStitnted and
arbitrary agency established the South
ern Confddekior,.ntul • from 'that stand
point attempted to-,:overthrow the go:.
.vernment that kiaffbeen - derdocratically
established by the people. Had the
South been true to the country and the
' Constitution, and had her Represebta-
I, tivq E 1 1 2.0 Senators,pet, deserted their of
. stations. in the'.A.meritars Con
gresa, on the day-of Mr. Lincoln's inau-
I gnration ;hands would ha've • been
completely tied ; ;, for; holding a prepon
deratin," influence in-the United-States
Senate, and in the Supreme C,ourt
the United States, no- law could have
been pasSed, .no appointment made, nor
no judieal decision elicited, Abet would
have been inimical to her interests, her
institutions. or to her political • and
cial prejudices because for the sake
of a continuance of that tranquility and
prosperity whiph had BA long character
ized the history of our country, the dem
ocratic party . would have conceeded
much to her wounded condition,- incur
,throngh the election of a Freesoil
Repuidipan President. It is the sherest
nonsense to suppose that South Caroli
na would have listened to any- compro
mise • after ,the announcement of ,Lin
coin's election to the,presidency. Per
haps some of the other States, who, sub
sequently revolted,—if, based upon .a
'recognition of the justice of, their cause
—might have done so, but South Caro
lina would have haughtily spurned any
proposition that did not embrace an un
qualified recognition of her .indepen
dence, and her right-to a large share of
the public' . property / 'The ingratitude
of the Southern States, and particularly
the State of South Carolina, is very
great—ungrateful o e corm try and, the
government; ungrateful to,the northern,
eastern, western and pacific states and
their ~people, and last althougha not
least;ungrateful to the democratic par
ty, through the ascendency of whose
wise and liberal principles the country
has. achieved ,so much prosperity at
home, and so much honorable distinc
tion abroad, What did the Democratic
party not do, to satisfy the exorbiant de
mands of the South ? Did it not set the
first fatal and peruicique example. of
cession at the ..Charleston convention,
by a portion of its members withdraw
ing from that-body ; because the ultra
measures of the South could not pre-
Did it not saprifice a Douglass
upon the alter-of political faction to
satisfy the demand,gthe South ? Did
it-not subject the larger number of its
. adherents,to the contumely of the coun
try, at large, by supporting fortthe pres
idency, a-candidate who, was ; even then
meditating treason .againet his, country,
and who subsequently ell io himself with
its enemies, and took•up traitorous, arms
against it, all to mollify
,the south, and
to secure its continued alliegence,to the
,Constitution 7 But.all . this
availed no
thing; and- can.any mind that has been
able to comprehend the position of the
Centending'parties in our, country, arid
the motives and means which led to
their present attitudes, suppose for 'a
moment that now is the time'to submit
to a compromise with these who scorn
fully sneered at; and repudiated all pre
positions of peace, before actual hostili
ties commenced, eighteen months ago ?
It is. true the border states might have
listened to a compromise, and •might
have entered Into one with the northern
states, at the proper time, for they were
in a condition to be serious 'posers by
a state of war. But the Southern
States would not have held themselves
bound by•the acts of the border States.
They had , determined through an un
founded pretence to cut themselves loose
from the "readsills" and "while slaves"
of the north, and establish themselves
in a government of their own, whose
-chief corner-stoue should be founded
upon "black slavery." The time had
arrived when .the ."Cavalier" and the
','Puritan!'_ could .no longer politically
and socially• cohabit with each
when tire "Planter" and' the `nrankee"
could no longer, meet on terms of social
and commercial. equalitywhen the
sweaty exhalations of the •" Plebian"
must Pte no longer wafted to the. nostrils
of the "Patrician," and this has- been the
4uperindking. cause of the war.
The infatuation of the South becomes
,mopaapparent and more ridiculous, from
thefact thst although she is conspicuous
ly cozening, with England, and is sympa
thizing with and fostering English so
clat and political customs, and - is hearti
ly longing for English commercial inter
course ; yet England as heartily y despi
'sea her, and will not even permit her
own great love for cotton, officially rec
ognize her independence; England on
ly Seems "te iimiiattuze with • 'the South
because in her 'estimation` she is 'the
weaker section, or faction.. The South .
is too. much blinded by fury against the
north. to, see We, and. whilst-she re
mains thusi blinded she and her friends
will offer pirthe: cause:of the oar and
profit by it.
ES tal~Yi shed April 11, 1854,
In c.orclusion, let it also.b.e. distinctly
remembered, thatin•all the past strug
gle of our country with its enemies,
those who sympathized with them and
gave them "aid, and,. comfort," have
earned for themselves a notoriety and a
reproach, that has almost attainted their
'posterity for many years; and has con
signed many of Chem to a merited ,polit
ical and social death.. If, therefore,
the party that is out of power is popu
larly.entitled to the control of the go
verntnent, but is for the time being con_.
stitutionally forestalled or superceeded,
let it feel asureld that the destinies of
our, country are to the hands, of God, - and
if needs be, "He ,will bring it to pass,'
and that.consequently its highest duty
ispatientlyand,perseveringly, yet law
abidingly, to, await , its- time. • One law
less and perfidions example, furnishes a
pretext for a multitude of subsequent
acts df counter violence . and perfidy, as
much among nations and political par-.
ties, as among communities, societies,
families and individuals.
Nee. goVernment, nation, no party, no
society, nor no individual that composes
apart of a government, nation; .party or
society, is, or can, be, perfectly indepen
dent; or can afford to, do without the as
sistance, sympathy, and fellowship of the
governments, nations, • parties, societies
and individuals, by which they are sur
rounded. And if, • through the purse
proud, state-proud, or family-proud fal
sitie's by which their minds are influ
enced and swayed,one portion of the peo
ple of a government,nation, party or soci
ety, array themselves in a deadly and un
warrantable conflict against' another por
tion, if the conseciasnoes gf such hostil
ity against their fellow man recoils upon
their own heads, it is bat in accordance
with a just law of sequencd which is,a
part of the organic structure of society,
and Which must ultimately react in a de
gree.proportioned to the'causing action.
Entertaining these views it seemkto be
the highest folly for parties, states, and
nations, to be indulging in criminations
and recriminations in regard to the cause
of the war.. Primarily, every unregen
erate man in the Country 'me con - Whited'
to the cause`of it ; and secondarily South
etn,pride;,arristoeracy, and domineering
exclusiveness has been the cause of it ;
and thirdly, political wrangling has been
the gut through which it•has-been void
ed upon the country.
SarrimENTAL LADips,--I hate those
mere gentle zirls:nithopt mind, or spirit,
or feeling,to Ammo .. the blush
a pallid cheek; tpfellow might as well
think of - living -upon: Sweet: cake 'and
sweet' bream . , and sweet strawberrids,
and all the sweets, 'which, after all, ara
sure to - become sours, as going : through
life with a sleepy-headed beauty, Whose
roughest word would be,: "An' if :it '
please you, sir !"----Mrs. S. C. Halt.
NO. 18.
• is ,true there was much seem
ing provcrcation for the south to in
augurate and - pursue the course which
she has, in th,e.unnecessaiy agitation of
a subject impair
and bring•into.disreprite one of her lo
cal constitutional ,privileges; but then
no matter how , s unwise and indiscreet
those agitations were, in_a country: and
under a government which guarantees
to its citizens the tight of discussion,
and the freedom of speech and orthe
press, these agitations should have been
met with counter argument, and the ex
ecution of existing laws,—Where such
bad been violated,--and not 14 treason,
rebellion - and war.
In order to sustain the General Go
vernment in the execution of its laws in
timeslike these, and at all times under
• •
circumstances of a similar 'character,
there should b'e 'but one sentiment on
the subject of its existence and continu•
'arm, and that sentiment ought to be
pledgid in its behalf, no matter of what
political party its rulers may be, fur it
has happened frequently in the history
of our country that the party in ,power,
has been under the necessity of invoking
the assistance of parties out of power,
in sustaining the
,national dignity and
honor.: If the party or parties out of
power now do not assist with their whole
heigt in -upholding, the government
against its, sworn enemies, can they ex
pect to receive the countenance and
support of the partids 'oppoied to them,
in any subsequent danger to which the
government may unhappily be subject
ed? INTb matter how parties out of pow
er may have acted under similar circum
stances heretofore; it is not a progress
ive nor a christian principle to expect
"an -eye for an eye and a tooth for a
tooth" in such a case; especially' when
the- very vitality of the government
transmitted to us,by our patriot sires, is