Newspaper Page Text
KEYNOLDSVILLE - - PENNA.
BLAMED DOGS FOR SICKNESS
Authorities of the Middle Ages Had
Little Sympathy for the House
Disease and the dog were believed
to walk together In the sixteenth cen
tury. The terrier then was as much
k suspect as the rat today. In plague
(times he had only to venture Into the
street to court death. Here Is an or
)fler Issued by the authorities at Win
blester, In 1583, which la typical of
(the rest: "That If any house within
this city shall happen to be infected
(with the plague, that then every per
son to keep within his or her house
prery his or her dog, and not to suffer
Ihem to go at large. And If any dog
be then found at large, It shall be law
ful for the Beadle or any other person
co kill the same dog, and that any own-
pr of such dog going at large shall lose
ix shillings." Among the records of
g"S Lynn, under May, 1585, appear-
this: "For as much as It batn
leased Almighty God to begin to
nd us his visitation with sickness
amongst us, and that dogs and cats
are thought very unfit to he suffered In
this time. Therefore Mr. Malor, al
Mermen, and common council have or
Iflered and decreed that every inhabi
tant within the same town shall forth
with take all their dogs and yappes
and hang them or kill them and carry
them to some out-place and bury them
ifor breeding of a great annoyance
And likewise for catB, if there be any
alckness. ... It is ordered that
the cats shall forthwith be killed In all
such places." An exception was made
"In favor of any 'dogge or accompte.
Such a one was allowed to be kept It
Tcenelled or tied' up or led in a
Worse and Worse.
"Tipping gets worse and worse on
the other side," said Senator Depew
In a recent Interview.
"A New Mexican told me that at the
Savoy In London he went to have a
wash before luncheon, but saw a pla
card on a mirror, saying:
"'Please tip the basin after using;
"This made the man so angry he
rushed from the washroom muttering:
" No, I'll go dirty first."
"The New Mexican added that, after
lie got his lunch, he tipped the waiter
the waiter's two helpers, the man whe
rave htm his hat and gloves, and the
man who whistled for a taxi. The ve
hide rolled out Into the Strand, and
our friend leaned back with a sigh of
roller, when he was aware of a boy
In buttons running along beside the
" "Well, what do you want?' said the
New Mexican savagely.
"'A few coppers, sir accordln' tc
the usual custom, sir,' the boy panted
""Why, what did you do?' snarled
the New Mexican.
" It you please, sir,' said the boy,
1 saw you get Into the cab.' "
8eom to Have Good Case.
Miss Josefa Schneider, a Turkish
Subject, resident in Constantinople,
has brought a suit for damages
gainst the state which throws a vivid
light on conditions In Turkey under
Abdul Hamid II. According to the
Paris Eclair one of Abdul's daughters
fell seriously 111 In the days when he
was still padlsha and the court physi
cians recommended an operation for
appendicitis. Abdul refused to give
his consent until the operntinn had
been performed on someone else, tc
prove that It was not dangerous tc
life. Miss Schneider, who had recent
ly spent some time In a Constantino
ple, was handy, so she was forcibly
taken from her house and deprived ot
her appendix. Abdul Hamid was con
tnced, his daughter was cured and
sow Miss Schneider's suit Is part of
his successor's troubles.
' Portuguese Vampire.
An atrocious case of a human vam
pire Is reported from Galizana, in Por
tugal. A young child, son of the local
blacksmith, was missing for several
days, and was found dead in a field
near the town. Examination revealed
that the corpse was bloodless. Inquir
ies led to the apprehension of a mer
chant, Dom Salvarrey, who was last
Been with the child. This man con
fessed that he had killed the child In
order to drink his blood. He declared
he suffered from pthisls, and had been
told by a gypsy that he could only be
cuTed in this manner. He was assured
that several cures had thus been
made. It is surmised that this terrible
outrage was due to the' murderer be
ing mentally deranged, but it is not
the first case recorded of such an
A Difficult Position.
Why don't you be your own land
lord?" asked the agent.
"I couldn't manage it." Imagine hav
ing nobody but yourself to blame be
cause the house Is out of repair."
"I dreamed that I had a million do
lars last night."
"Were you happy?"
"No. I thought the bank where 1
Cot It had short-changed me and I wai
obliged to count it."
Randall Bliss evidently has grea
faith In the lifting power of his air
Randall He's after the contract to
r falsing the Maine. ,
Sr NATION'S WW
. .5.1. i'l L - '
RESIDENT TAFT recently de
clared that this nation ought to
build two battleships of the
"Dreadnaught" class every year
until the Panama canal Is com
pleted and open for traffic.
After that water way is com
pleted and the Atlantic and
Pacific coasts of the United
States are In effect brought
nearer together in a naval
sense that Is, It is made pos
sible for our warships to get
from one coast to the other
more quickly in the event of
trouble it might, In the presi
dent's Judgment, be advisable
to slow down In the matter of
battleship building. Perhaps after the canal dig
gers have cut the continent in two it will suffice
to build one battleship a year, but for the time
being two a year and Dreadnaughts at that
are needed, in the opinion of the administration.
Now "Dreadnaughts" are a comparative novelty
in the United States navy and for all that there
are several of these vessels flying the Stars and
Stripes, and more building, there Is a consider
able share of tho public that has never grasped
the significance of these new-style sea warriors.
To put the matter In a nutshell, it may be ex
plained that a "dreadnaught" differs from the
ordinary battleship principally by being larger
and heavier and carrying an Increased number
of guns of a big caliber. The term "Dreadnaught,"
It will be understood, has come to stand for a
whole class or family of battleships rather than
for any individual vessel.
All the same, this new nickname for the lat
est fashion in floating fortresses did originate
with one particular vessel the first of her type.
The pioneer "Dreadnaught" was a British prod-
; ; ;
.';"v -' ' '-::jT.''. ': ;
- ' ,-'.'v- ' ' 7F - HnWtSvi
i-: .raft fr? - arUyWiwrs :'J . n . - l' L
agS&Sfr, r. Ji
Mr if ' ! Ill
uct and she blazed a new path In battleship de
sign. Prior to the advent of this new-pattern
peacemaker the average battleship, whatever her
nationality, had been armed with '12-inch or 13
inch breech-loading i'ifles and with a variety of
loss powerful hitters, Including 8-inch, 5-inch and
3-lnch guns, and so on down through the whole
catalogue of naval weapons to the one-pounders.
The British naval architects and shipbuilders
when they produced the original "Dreadnaught,"
pointed the way to a new policy. In arming the
new style vessel they cut down the number of
guns of lesser importance particularly the weap
ons of intermediate size such as the 8-inch and
the 6-lnch, and placed almost all the responsi
bility for offense and defense on guns of the
The whole naval world was immensely im
pressed with the naval novelty which John Bull
produced and all the leading nations, including
the United States, straightway set about follow
ing his example by constructing such ships of
their own. Thus It came about that the name
"Dreadnaught," which originally applied to only
one ship, came to stand for the whole family ot
"all-big-gun" ships, no matter under what flag
such a vessel might be in service. The United
States now has four battleships of the "Dread
naught" class in service; two more will probably
be ready to Join the big fleet within a year;
another pair are under construction, and yet oth
ers will be contracted for this winter. It is cost
ing a pretty penny, too, to assemble such an ar
ray of heavyweight fighters, for each of these
largest-size vessels costs complete upward of $12,
000,000. Likewise does it make a big tug at
Uncle Sam's purse-strings to keep these huge
armor-clads in active service, for each of them
requires the services of nearly one thousand offi
cers and men half as many again as were re
quired -for the largest of the old-style battleships.
The irst American "Dreadnaughts," tho bat
tleships South Carolina and Michigan, are yet so
new that few of the people even In our large sea
coast cities have had a peep at them. They are
Bister ships that is, exact duplicates of one an
other and are 450 feet in length and 80 feet
beam or width. Eifch of these battleships carries
eight of the big 12-inch guns arranged iu pairs in
turrets. - This is Just double the number of the
big barkers to be found on any of the battleships
that were the accepted thing up to a few years
ago. Neither battle
ship has any other
weapons except the
three-inch and three
pounder guns that are
provided to repel tor
It was onlv a few
months ano that the
second pair of "Dread
naughts," twins, made
their appearance in
navy. ' There are the
Delaware and North Dakota. Each vessel Is 610
feet in length and 85 feet beam, and they go
their predecessors one better in the matter of
"shooting Irons," for each has five turrets in
stead of four and carries a total of ten Instead
of eight of the 12-lnch guns. Moreover, the Dela
ware and the North Dakota have each a powerful
secondary battery made up of fourteen of the ef
fective 6-inch guns. Next year will see another
brace of "Dreadnaughts," the Utah and Florida,
take their places among the ships of the line.
They are almost Identical in size with the Dela
ware and North Dakota. After them will come
the Arkansas and Wyoming each 654 feet In
length and 93 feet beam and carrying a full dozen
,of the 12-lnch guns, but It will be several years
ere these record-breakers are ready to report for
Next to the importance of providing fighting
ships for Uncle Sam's navy is the task of prepar
ing the ships and the men who handle them for
the work they are Intended for fighting the bat
tles of the country, should the dread specter at
any time descend upon us. The thrilling experi
ences on board big ships playing at war are In
terestingly described in the following account
written by one who witnessed the recent naval
The plain red pennant for "commence firing"
was hanging like a stain from all yards. "Load!"
from the ordnance officer. The stains glide down,
to the shrill peals of the stand-by bells. Never
stood men so braced and rigid as those spotters,
staring through the soft rubber eyepieces of their
binoculars, as the ordnance officer gravely syl
labled the final range and deflection, as he got
them from the substation prophet, who had been
advised by the performance of the ranging shots:
"The range is 10,500; deflection 47."
It is the last suspense. Slowly, far below, the
moving turrets begin to nose upward their guns
like intelligent creatures. The big fo'castle deck
is an empty, slim, flat, cigar-shaped finger, lazily '
dealing forward slippery ruffs of whiteness. Foam
oozes up complacent around the anchor chains,
and your eyes rest unwittingly on a four-masted
schooner, a passenger steamship with a red fun
nel, astern the waiting targets. Every living
sinew scattered on our faraway decks is trans
fixed on the bridge screen the skipper's arms,
bright with their four gold stripes, the midship
man on watch with the nickeled stadimctnr at bis
eyes, the white bluejackets in boats on tho super
structure, some with cameras poised all leveled
to the same trenchant awe. Vague murmurs, not
quite a shouting, rise; the rumble of a belated
loading hoist, the hoarse hiss of air blasts clear
ing the bores. The nerve-racking tsung of a
primer discharged In some breech, with the bra
vado of utter preparedness. Choking smoke
clouds vomit up over us from the crater of the
forward smoke pipe, with the heat of a Turkish
"Fire!" and all around on the rails of our
cage snarl out the buzzers.
All the sea to starboard goes ribbed and scit
tcring, as if under the first blow of a tornado.
"Knots ten right." (Deflection.) "Down 600."
(Range.) "Kuots six left." "Down 300." "Salvo!"
You miss, 'or cannot remember after, the exact
shouts of the Bpotters, the key to the actual
marksmanship, cried out as the geyser-gardens
rise, and, transformed, as they echo in the sub
station, into the craft that guides the great spurts
to bloom out where we all hunger for them to
be bunched together and hiding the target with
"The Georgia's shooting at our screen."
That last one winged her." You catch such fever
ish comments between . times, slowly grasping,
too, that the yards and angles of range and de
flection keep dwindling in size, as shouted. "Hit!"
comes, now and then, in the- climax like a ham
mer blow; and as the four-minute eternity ends
on the long alarm bell for cease firing, you hear,
like a man coming out of a trance, the ordnance
officer calmly observing that the deflection wasn't
a knot out all the time, but d n that forward
turret for hanging fire so that those poison fumes
hid the splashes. You are coughing, in a first
remembrance of their strange, acrid, burning
strangulation. ' x
The run is over, the spectacle and the human
burden of it delivered, as the order is passed
to call up all divisional officers to report any
Swinging out now to the targets, hungrily
searching them for shell holes, the throng of
officers on the quarterdeck vent their relaxed ten
sion "Our dispersal was good, but the range
finder read 600 yards over. That's always the
fault. And half tha time It figures under." Or
you hear, "A difference of 30 per cent. In range
makes a difference of 300 per cent, in the diffi
culty of spotting." One learns that the forward
twelves hung fire because water splashed the
sights. We discern three hits in our target
none in any of the other three, glory be! pick
ing them reluctantly from rents niado by the
seas; as the repair boats, putting out from each
ship of us, set their half-naked crews struggling
with the mast and screens, herding the pireclous
canvases aboard the flagship, for judgment by all
umpires assembled. .
WRONG IN THAT DIAGNOSIS
Physician's Method May Have Been
All Right, but Here He Was
We are told that the latest sensa
tion in the medical world is the asser
tion ot a doctor that he is able, by
looking into a patient's eye, to make
an accurate diagnosis of the complaint
which the patient is suffering. But li
this really as novel as it is supposed
to be? I recollect hearing some time
ago of a doctor who said to a patient
who was under examination: "I can
see by the appearance of your right
eye what is the matter with you. You
are suffering from 'liver.'"
"My right eye?" asked the patient
"Yes," returned the doctor. "It
shows me plainly that your liver is
out of order."
"Excuse me, doctor," said the pa
tient, apologetlcallly. "My right eye's
a glass one."
One of the Best Rest Cures.
Is a good story.
To many women it is as good as a
trip away from home.
When you are tired out and youf
nerves an on edge, try going off by
yourself and losing yourself in some)
good story. You will, in nine cases
out of ten, come back rested and in
vigorated. One woman who has passed serene
ly through many years ot bard work
and worry that go with the managing
ot a house and bringing up ot a large
family of children, said that she con
sidered it the duty of every busy
housekeeper to read a certain amount
of "trash," light fiction, for the rest
and change to the mind that it would
Try it, you who lead a strenuous
life, and who sometimes grow exceedingly-
weary of the same.
Lovemaking and Practice.
The only way to become an expert
at lovemaking Is to practice. This
was the information handed out to a
handful of hearers by the Hindu phil
osopher, Sakhnram Ganesh Pandit, in
a lecture on "The Science of Love."
"Love is a divine discontent," said
the philosopher, "and If you want to
arouse love in others it can be dons
only by giving them love. How to
develop the emotion of love in another
Is the great question of today the art
of making love. It needs a great deal
of Btudy and a great deal ot practice."
It was shortly after midnight, and
the colonel had caught Rastus red
handed. "Well, Rastus, you old rascal, you,"
said he, "I've caught you at last. What
are you doing In my henhouse?"
"Why, Marse Bill," said the old man,
"I I done heerd such a cacklin' in dls
yare coop, dat I I thought mebbe de
ole hen done gone lay an aig, an" I I
wanted ter git it fo' you" breakfas'
while it was fresh, suh." Harper's
When He Hedged on Faith.
"Dar's nutln' lak faith," said Broth
er Williams. "I once prayed a fat
turkey off a high roost, but the sher
iff took htm t'um me ez I wuz gwine
home ter cook him, an' I wuz took ter
"Why didn't you pray your way out
of jail?" someone aBked.
"I would ' 'adone it," was the reply,
"but I didn't want Providence ter
know I wbb In no slch place."
"Off Day" of Favorite.
Cbapley How did she happen to
refuse you; I thought you were her
Washley Well, the favorite didn't
win, that's all.
That observation which Is called
knowledge of the world will be found
much more frequent to make men cun
ning than good. Dr. Johnson.
THE FIRST TASTE
Learned to Drink Coffee When a Baby.
If parents realized, the fact that cof
fee contains a drug caffeine which is
especially harmful to children, they
would doubtless hesitate before giving
the babies coffee to drink.
"When I was a child In my moth
er's arms and first began to nibble
things at the table, another used to
give me sips of coffee. As my parents
used coffee exclusively at meals I
never ksew there was anything to
drink but coffee and water.
"And so I contracted the coffee
imun eariy. i rememoer wnen quite
young the (continual use of coffee so
affected my parents that they tried
roasting wheat and barley, then
ground it in the coffee-mill, as a sub
stitute for coffee.
"But it did not taste right and they
went back to coffee again. That was
long before Postum was ever heard
of. I continued to Use coffee until I
was 27, and when I got into office
Work, I began to have nervous spells.
Especially after breakfast I was so
nervous I could scarcely attend to my '
"At night, after having coffee for
supper, I could hardly sleep, and on
rising in the morning would feel weak
"A friend persuaded me to try
Postum. My wife and I did not like
it at first, but later when boiled good
and strong it was fine. Now we would
not give up Postum for the best coffee
we ever tasted.
"I can now get good sleep, am free
from nervousness and headaches. . I
recommend Postum to all coffee drink
ers." Read "The Road to Wellvllle," la
"There's a Reason." .
Ever rrmA the above letter? A Hi)
oae appears fram time ta time, Tae7
are aeaulae, true, aad fall at luuu