The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, February 11, 1913, Page PAGE TWO, Image 2

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Efficiency Expert Tells of Abil
ity Tests,
Woman Explains How Blonds Differ
From Brunettes and What Work
Certain Types of Men Are Fitted For.
Plan Would Make All Workers Suc
cessful Four Qualities Needed.
To fit the man to the job nnd the job
to the mnn Is tlio aim of Dr. Katlierlno
51. II. Blackford of Laporte, Ind. In
the philosophy of tho doctor there
should be no failures among men and
consequently none among firms. The
right man In the right place solves the
efficiency of organization. If the right
man gets In tho wrong plnco shift him
till he fits In tho groove to which he
Dr. Ulaekford became known to New
York when she nddrcssed the second
annual meeting of the Efficiency so
ciety. At Laporte she has the super
vision of employment In a manufactur
ing concern employing nearly 0,000
"Scientific Selection and Assignment
of Men In tho Creation of An Organi
zation" was the subject of Dr. Black
ford's address, which opened with the
following preamble:
"When we can bring together a group
of men so selected and assigned that
every individual shall be fitted for his
task, adapted to all other units of the
group and attuned to tho community
spirit, then we shall have the Ideal or
ganization for efficiency."
Man Must Hold Four of a Kind.
"Four qualifications are necessary
for every position," said Dr. Blackford
to a Now York newspaper man. "They
are health, Intelligence, Industry and
honesty. Tho higher the position the
greater the number of qualifications
needed. Men must guide, direct, su
pervise nnd train large numbers of oth
er men. Men must earn, combine and
administer funds. Men must devise,
plan, schedule, perform and control op
erations. "The cause of waste lies In Igno
rance of human aptitude and the re
quirements of different kinds of work.
Tho remedy Is obvious. It lies In voca
tional guidance of the child and In
struction of parents. Tho number of
.young boys and men who apply mere
ly for a job without the slightest no
tion what they want to do or ought to
do Is simply appalling. These, having
no definite aim In life, become drift
ers, loafers, nnd sooner or later a largo
number of them become unemployable
through discouragement and bad hab
its. Find Inherent Fitnsss.
"While we cannot give every child
competent vocational guidance and
educato his parents to co-operate with
hlin and us, wo can make and have
made a profitable start In that direc
tion by selecting and assigning men
and women according to their Inherent
fitness for the work they are to do,
thus accomplishing three desirable re
sultsmaking them more efficient and
happier, Increasing tho profits of their
employer nnd demonstrating the prac
tical application of scientific selection.
"This has been done through a prop
erly equipped employment department,
In charge of expert character analysts,
who interview, select and assign men.
Among tho functions of this depart
ment are the following:
"To procure for all positions the very
best obtainable human material.
"To find, analyze scientifically and
recommend for employment In tho
work to which they arc best adapted
all tho workers needed.
"Not only may a man who is a fail
ure at one kind of work bo a success
nt some other kind, but removing him
from the influence of a foreman to that
of one who Is more congenial may In
crease his efficiency CO per cent.
How to Analyze Men.
"We determine tho difference be
tween objects through comparison of
size, color, form, proportion, texture,
consistency and structure. Tho same
law applies to human beings. Obvious
ly the size of body fits or unfits a man
for a given kind of work. Tho short,
stout man will not bo fitted for work
congenial to tho tall, thin man. Blonds
and brunettes do not move in the same
manner and Incline to different lines
of work. Blonds, generally speaking,
are speculative and optimistic, usually
mild and good natured, often lnventlvo
Thoy like to concolvo the plan or idea
for somo ono else to work out. They
naturally Incline to aggrcsslvo work,
such as salesmanship, advertising and
promotion. Brunettes lncllno to con
servatism nnd aro often serious mind
ed, sometimes inclined to gloominess.
Thoy like to work out and perfect the
plan conceived by somo other mind.
"Everything about a man indicates
Ills character. In order to understand
htm wo first observe his body. The
body is the expression of tho soul and
roflects his character with absolute
"now long does It take to make these
observations?" Dr. Blackford was
"About ono minute," was the reply.
"Tho applicant Is not at all aware
that ho Is being analyzed. His analy
sis Is being mado while ho Is filling
out his application." ,
Postmaster General Hitchcock Sug
gests That Development of Scr
vlco May Bring Them.
'Washington, D. C, Feb. G. Post
master General Hitchcock's annual
report, made nubile recently, tenta
tively suggests reduction of some par
cei post rates and increasing tlhe
limit of weight beyond eleven
pounds; recommends civil pensions
for postal employes; an Increase in
rates on second class mail which
may pave the way for ono cent letter
postage; tho consolidation of the
third and fourth classes so books and
pa.pors may bo forwarded by parcel
post; and points out that during his
administration, expense of operating
tho postal service has been out done
In courso of a statement of tho
condition of postal finances, Mr.
Hitchcock says in his report:
"The year preceding the present
administration was marked by the
largest postal deficit on record
amounting to $17,'500,000. During
the next two years the deficit was
greatly reduced and later eliminated.
When compared with tho financial
showing of four years ago the reports
of income and expense for subse
quent years indicate an aggregate
saving of about ?4'5,000,000.
"The transformation of a deficit
into a surplus has been accomplished
not by curtailing the service, but by
developing It along (profitable lines.
While postal facilities have been
greatly enlarged, extensions have not
been made in a haphazard manner,
but only when shown on investiga
tion to be justified by conditions."
The establishing of postal savings
banks at presidential postofllces was
completed early in the 'fiscal year
ending June 30, 1912, the year cov
ered by the report. Since then the
system has been extended to 4,004
fourth dlass postofficcr, as well as to
045 branch offices and stations in the
larger cities. There are now 12,
81'2 postal savings banks at which
patrons may open accounts. The
number of depositors Is approximate
ly 300,000 and the deposits aggre
gate about $28,000,000, not includ
ing $1,314,140 withdrawn and in
vested in postal savings bonds.
Australia, China, India and South
Africa to Hear American Singer.
Seattle, Wash., Feb. G. Mme.
Nordica opened 'her Pacific coast tour
at the Moore theatre 'before an audi
ence that filled every seat in the big
auditorium and overflowed upon the
stage. The prima donna was in ex
cellent voice and spirits and respond
ed graciously to the numerous en
cores. Mme. 'Nordlca's Pacific tour
will take her south to San Diego and
through Arizona, New Mexico and
Colorado eastward to Boston, where
she will appear In conjunction with
Mme. Schumann-Heink in some
Wagnerian performances during
Arrangements have just been com
pleted by uMme. Nordlca for a world's
tour. She leaves Chicago April 28
and will go through Canada to Van
couver, where she will embark May
14 for Australia. She will open her
Australian tour about June 10th at
Sydney. After a series of about fifty
concerts in Australia, Westralia and
New Zealand Mme. Nordica will go
I via Japan to China and India, arrlv
' ing at Colombo about Christmas.
After two months' stay in India
Mme. Nordica will proceed to South
Africa, returning from there In time
to appear in London during the sea
I son of 1914. The personnel of Mme.
Nordica's company has not as yet
been decided, but as usual she will
bo accompanied by Mr. E. II. Ro
mayne Simmons. The entire tour
wl'U bo under the direction of Mr.
Frederick Shlpman.
Jersey City Man Has Odd Idea of
Election Tax.
An Indignant property holder entered
the office of the tax receiver In Jersey
City recently nnd said to Clarence Mil
ler, n clerk:
"You charged me $1 polo tax last
year. Here you charge me ?1 for pole
tax again this year. I have no poles in
my yard. I chopped down the only pole
I had in my yard last year. My wife
hangs tho washing on the roof to keep
from having poles In the yard."
Mr. Miller explained that he was
taxed on his poll and said:
"That sort of tax bears the expense
of tho elections. You go home arid tell
your wife she can have all the clothes
poles In her yard she needs and there
won't bo a cent of tax on them."
"Oh, this Eugllsh!" burst out tho tax
payer, a German. "It's getting mo all
Citizens of Pennsylvnla who are
interested In the organized efforts of
tho State Public Charities Associa
tion to reduce the alarming amount
1 of insanity in the State, will be given
I an opportunity to inspect tho (Na-
tlonal Exhibit on Mental Hygiene
I which attracted world-wide attention
! last September at Its Initial appear-
I - I 41 1 . A nr. f n
UllUU in ma uuy UL VUS1UUIUU.
Through the enterprise of a number
of leading citizens of the state, ar
rangements have been made to havo
this exhibit presented at city hall,
Philadelphia, between March 15 and
22 Inclusive. The executive commit
tee which has charge of the exhibit
and conference on Mental Hygiene
met Monday at Philadelphia to mako
arrangements for a 'local exhibition
of Uhe Btatus of the insane and
feeble-minded in this state as a part
of the national exhibit.
Pennsylvania is fortunate in being
one of tho first states In the Union to
receive this exhibit from tho nation
al committee for Mental Hygiene.
Thousands of people have already
Inspected It In New York and Con
necticut, and Pennsylvanlans should
take advantage of their opportunity
to see It during the conference at
Former Commissioner Thinks
Rod i,:G!i Capable.
Export Declares Government Should
Lift Its Hands Off Affairs of Aborig
ines and Place Them on Equal Foot
ing With White Men Would Give
Them Local Government,
Full citizenship for American Indians
within the confines of United States
territory is proposed by former Com
missioner of Indian Affairs Robert G.
Valentine in a report to Secretary of
the Interior 'Fisher, just made public.
He voices the hope that the day may
be near when the United States will
finally have lifted its hands from In
dian affairs and all Indians in all re
spects will stand on an equal footing
with all their fellow Americans.
"With nil the expedition compatible
with the Indians' welfare," he added,
"they should be made subject to the
laws of their stntes and bo taught to
look to their local government Instead
of the national government. My con
viction is that n0 possible obstacle
should be placed in the way of the
transformation of Indian affairs ad
ministered by the United States Into
the affairs of normal citizens under the
ordinary jurisdiction of the states.
"I do not suggest further authority
for enlarging federal jurisdiction over
minor offenses on reservations. Im
portant questions of marriage and di
vorce illustrate difficult points, of
which the only proper solution appears
to bo education of the Indians, whether
or not they are citizens, to comply
with tho laws of their states."
Progress during tho year In teaching
tho Indian to bo sober and Industrious,
in educating him to be a better farmer
and mechanic, and in imparting health
principles, both as they apply individ
ually and in tho home, was reported.
Vocational Guidance Attempted.
"Every Indian, like every white
man," declared the commissioner, "is
best fitted for some one thing. We are
trying to find that thing. One of our
newest activities is to make every ef
fort, both In the schools and among
tho adults on the reservations, in the
direction of vocational guidance."
Tho Indian service In all its parts
showed increased activity during the
year, the report stated, not in exten
sion of jurisdiction, "but in grappling
more deeply and more lntimntely with
tho problems it has to solve." The
campaign for good health and physical
efficiency among the Indians continued
with increased momentum, tho need
for this work being shown by the fact
that tho death rate among the In
dians is GO per cent greater tlian that
among other classes of people in the
registration nrea of the United States,
while the mortality from tuberculosis
Is three and a half times ns great.
Tho war against the sale of liquor to
Indians was "waged with continuous
vigor and successful results," the re
port added, "and tho fight against gam
bling is beginning to bear fruit."
Tho home condition of the Indians is
one of tho most unsatisfactory features
of the Indian problem, said the com
missioner, for which renson special at
tention Is being given to the instruc
tion of Indian girls.
The greatest Investment tho Indian
service has, continues the report, is in
the so called return students who have
been away at the larger schools and
have returned to live at or near their
home reservation. There nre about
35 000 of these Indians, who represent
nn economic investment It is estimat
ed, of about $50,000,000.
The property Interests of the Indians
constitute one of the greatest estates
ever held in trust by nny organization,
governmental or private, the report
states. Including the lands, forests,
water powers, minerals nnd funds held
In tribal or individual ownership the
in tribal or Individual ownership, the
the Indians amounts to $750,000,000.
and the interest nnd annual rentals
produce a total of $12,000,000.
Indian art nnd tho industries which
produce It should be carefully preserv
ed In tho opinion of the commissioner.
Tho making of Navajo blankets, of the
high grades of bendwork and basketry
nnd of pottery should be fostered and
Field Matrons' Work Arduous.
No work Is nobler or more necessary
or more trying in the Indian service
than that of tho field matrons nnd
women Industrial teachers, according to
tho commissioner. The help given by
these women varies from instruction
in sanitation to tho supervision of ex
penditures and the settlement of do
mestic difficulties, and they save the
lives of many children.
Educational opportunities must be
taken to thousands of Indian children
cot yet In school; Industrial Impulse
and opportunity must ho given to In
dians who do not now valuo their pos
sessions; a chanco has to be extended
to thousands of Indian families for liv
ing In sanitary homes, says the report.
"Only in this way," it Is declared,
"can the day of the Indians' emancipa
tion from national guardianship be
sped and the obligation that Is upon
us of affording the Indians the samo
opportunities, rights and privileges as,
ttber Americans be discharged."
Tho Way It is Dono In Lcstcrshlro
nnd Endlcott Timo to ltulld Is
When You Can Pay Rent.
In Honcsdalo under tho modern
plan of home 'building, rent money
goes to pay for the house; so .that
the time to build is when you are
able to pay rent. The size and ele
gance of your house will depend up
on the amount of rent you are able
to pay.
Before you can actually begin to
build of courso you must own your
building lot free and clear, and to
the extent of the cost of your lot
you must havo savings. Beyond that
you need only to be able to pay rent
to transfer to your own pocket
what you havo pervlously been pay
ing to the landlord In order to
own your own home. In short, the
modern way to build a home Is to be
come your own landlord,
Tho plan Is like this: For any man
who owns a building lot free and
clear, a building and loan society, or
a savings and loan society, as it is
now called, will erect a home, tak
ing as security for payment a first
mortgage on tho house and lot.
This mortgage tho home owner pays
off by monthly payments of $10 on
each thousand dollars of the loan.
On a $1,000 house therefore your
payments would be $10 a month, on
a $2,000 house $20 a month, and so
on. Half of this money goes to pay
tho interest, half toward reducing
the principal of the loan. In some
thing more than 11 years the mort
gage is paid off and the house be
comes your own. Merely by paying
rent to yourself you have acquired
a home.
Of course there will be additional
expenses for taxes, water rent and
repairs. These costs can be com
puted approximately in advance and
should be provided for In the yearly
budget. Then, too, there will be a
period during the actual construction
of the house when you will be under
the double expense of continuing to
pay rental for your old homo and
making payments on tho new. If
your regular income is not sufficient
to meet this double expense, then
you will need savings to carry you
over this period.
Those who do not like the build
ing and loan can often secure
straight loans from banks or private
lenders. Such loans have the disad
vantage of being payable in a lump
sum, and experience shows that it
Is harder to pay off a mortgage in
this way than by the building and
loan plan.
During the year 1913 Tho Citi
zen will be better then ever. You
should subscribe for it and thereby
get all the latest county news. Only
$1.50 will bring it to your door.
Suffering Men it Women, HrUh uirtaith, (bo
UtKlWAN TREATMENT li loo only lure
Hclmtltle Combination ol th Allopalhlc.Homaco
patblfl Fclttlle A Uounle Bybtvnii ol Utdlclae.
amjaii uureaoiier utneri van. nervous,
Heart, gtomarh, Llrar, Dlood, Siln, ltladder Jb
all Cbroole A Lineal In. .ailments. Il-bllltv. Weak-
nm, Catarrb, Throat, Note, Opan Caartr. Ilullda Cp tbe
Ilroktn Down. Kaitoraa Tlror, Tim. llaltb. Successful
HallTreuleaeat. OLD DR. THEEL. Int., 1710
SPRING GARDEN ST., l'Mla., !.. 47 Years
'raetlfle. H-nl for Monk, a Ilr-velntlon to lb Sick.
Exposes Advcrtlsluc Quacks & Medicine Sharks
lot tics loll it ol Filie Tests at Mc lot set
rtrtltl icti is proeorrios. Highest csib prices
I paid lot Old Gold. Silvet, Matloias, DlamoDss sad
Jewelry Sesd wist jam hive todsr
Establishes 20 Ykaks
.Je,.a a'a..a
November 2, 1912.
Cash $ 90,934.00
Reserve Agents (approved by U. S. Government) 159,692.52
Bonds ( Railroad, Government, etc.) 1,140,274.37
Demand Collateral Loans 218,573.50
Total quick assets T609474.39
Bills discounted 223,823.25
Total $ 1,833,297.64
DEPOSITS L $ 1,485,000.00
We lead in cash on hand.
We lead in reserve.
We lead in ratio of quick assets to quick liabilities.
We lead in capitalization security to depositors.
We lead in EXPERIENCE.
For over three quarters of a century wo havo been recognized as ono
of tho solid banks of Northeastern Pennsylvania, and to-day havo un
excelled facilities for handling all kinds of legitimate banking.
Wo .invito you to bocomo ono of tho many contented patrons of
Honesdale, Pa.
Henry Z. Russell, President.
Andrew Thompson, Vice-President.
Lewis A. Howell, Cashier.
Albert O. Lindsay, Asst. Cashier.
Estate of
Lato of Township of Lehigh.
All persons lndobted to said es
tate 'aro notified to mako Immediate
payment to the undersigned; and
those having claims against the said
estate aro notified to present them
duly attested, for settlement.
ETNA B. STAPLES, Executrix.
Sterling, Pa., Feb. 3, 1913.
Buy-U-A-Home Realty Company
has over $250,000 worth of Wayne county property listed,
all of which is first-class, if you are: interested! inquire about
the following Honesdale properties :
Fourteen-room brick and stone
dwelling, located on Main street, Is
ono of the most aristocratic places
in Honesdale. Rooms are spacious
and spring water Is in the house.
Garage on premises, beautiful lawn
and shade trees.
Ten-room two story framo dwell
ing located on Court, west side of
street between Eighth and Ninth
streets. Modern throughout. Large
lot, place for excellent garden.
Building In first-class condition.
Double dwelling on East street ex
tension. Nine rooms In each apart
ment. House well and substantial
ly built. Rents for $34. Would
make good Investment. Lot 100x175
feet. Room on premises for another
Eight-room house, all Improve
ments, located East street extension.
All Improvements, hard wood floors,
good dry cellar, large porch bay
windows. Chicken house, capacity 50
birds. Lot 52x125 feet.
Eight-room residence corner of
Court and Eleventh streets. House
in first-class condition. All modern
Improvements, located on west side
of Court street.
Cash Bakery For Sale Cheap.
Place enjoys an excellent trade.
Well established lunch rooms in con
nection with business. Books open
to prospective purchaser. One of
best paying stands in Honesdale. If
sold now, a 'big bargain awaits hust
ling young man.
Good Building Lot Located In
Texas No. 4, Green street, within 15
minutes' walk from Honesdale post
office. Ground practically level.
Size of lot 60x75 feet. Property
commands beautiful view of land
scape. Will be sold cheap. Rare
Any of the above properties can
Terms made easy to all purchasers.
apply to office of
Honesdale, Pa,
Jadwin Building
J J- j ej . J- J - J J- J
Statement of
Henry Z. Russell, Homer Greene,
Horace T. Menner, James C, Blrdsall,
Louis J. Dorfllngor, E. B. Hardonbergh,
Andrew Thompson, Philip R. Murray.
Late of Sterling, deceased.
All persona Indebted to said estate
are notified to make Immediate pay
ment to the undersigned; and thoi
having claims against said estata aro
notified to present them, duly attest
ed, for settlemnt.
Sterling, Pa., Jan. 14, 1913. 5w6
Two Good Lots Located on Fair
avenue, 15 minutes' walk from
Honesdale. Will be sold together or
separately. On R. D. route. Fer
tile ground. Lots have a frontage
of about 600 feet and run from Dy
berry river. Ideal place for party
who desires small farm near town.
Modern nouso In Honesdale
Brick, contains steam heating plant,
gas and other modern appointments.
Lot 50x125 feet. Good garden,
barn, and chicken house on prem
ises. Property in first-class condi
tion. Was recently improved. One
of Honesdale's best properties.
Building Lot In Honcsdalo Locat
ed on Court street In one of prettiest
residential sections of Honesdale.
Size G3xl25 feet. Story and a half
house on property. Property In
good condition.
Honesdale Two building lots and
house on Sixteenth street. Size of
property 100 x 100 feet. Situated
in finest residential section of town.
Modern dwelling in Honesdale
contains nine rooms and is equipped
with all appointments of an up-to-date
house. Located on Main street
In one of the nicest sections of the
residential sections. House has
g-.s. New furnace recently Installed.
Lot 50x125 feet. Property In good
condition. A bargain for a home
Honesdale Ten-room houso on
Main street. Lot 50x200 feet. One
of nicest locations for residence.
Will be sold cheap.
Three-story brick building on
West side of Main street between
Sixth and Seventh streets. Building
Is rented. Lot 23xG0 feet. Proper
ty in good shape. Will mako 10
be purchased at reasonable prices.
For prices and further description:
Both Phones
e Realty Co.
' J-J.JJ..a41 .$w..fc.J4J..$Ja J-rfJaJwwI.-A-4