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THE CITIZEN, FRIDAY, DECEIVER 13, igia.
BomMVeckly Poundcl 1008; Weekly Founded 1844.
Publlshod Wednesdays and Fridays by
Entered as second-class mattor, at tho postofflco, Honesdalo, Pa.
K. B. HARDENBERGH PRESIDENT
H. C. VAN ALSTYNE and E. D. CALLAWAY MANAGING EDITORS
M. D. ALLEN,
Our friends xcho taror us tcith contributions, and desire to havt the same re-
umed, should in every case enclose stamps
ONE YEAR ?1.50 THREE MONTHS 38e
BIX MONTHS 76 ONE MONTH 13c
Romlt by Express Money Order, Draft, Postofllco Order or Registered
letter. Address all communications to Tho Citizen, No. 803 Main street,
All notices of shows, or other entortalnmcnts held for tho purpose of
making moDey or any items that contain advertising matter, will only bo
admitted to this paper on payment of regular advertising rates. Notices
of entertainments for tho benefit of churches or for cbarltablo purposes
whero a feo Is charged, will bo published at half rates. Cards of thanks,
SO cents, memorial poetry and resolutions of respect will be charged for
at the rate of a cont a word. Advertising rates on application.
FRIDAY, DECEMBER in, 1012.
THOUGHT FOK TO-DAY.
"Whether wo climb, whether wo plod,
Space for one task tho scant
To chooso somo path that leads to
And keep It to tho end.
Llzctte W. Reese.
A LITTLE YOU CAN DO.
You can bring Christmas happi
ness and cheer to the peoplo who
need It most by spending somo of
your holiday money for Red Cross
Victims of tuberculosis aro dying
all about you every day who might
bo saved by a llttlo practical gener
osity. You can not save them alone, but
you can help and your example may
be as valuable as your money.
TRADE DAY SATURDAY.
On Saturday of this week the mer
chants of Honesdale will hold their
first annual trade day. Many of
them have offered a ten per cent,
discount on purchases made at their
stores on this date. It therefore be
hooves the people of Wayne county
to take advantage of this great op
portunity and TRADE AT HOME.
Preparations having been made
by out-of-town parties to get people
In Honesdale and nearby places to
trade elsewhere on the 14th, the
Business Men's Association in order
to protect their own Interests, in
augurated a trade day of their own
-upon the very same day. It is your
duty and privilege to patronize your
home merchants. They have laid in
a largo line of Christmas novelties
and expect you to buy. It's right and
proper that you should.
The Christmas edition of Tho Citi
zen will reach tho public in time for
prospective shoppers to read it and
select their presents before purchas
ing. Bring The Citizen to Honesdale
with you, or if you did not receive a
copy, call at our office, second story
of tho Jadwin building, and secure
a copy free. By all means trade at
The exquisite prose poem entitled
" Christmas " which we reproduce in
another column of this issue Is con
sidered by the critics to bo Irvlng's
masterpiece, and is universally con
ceded to be one of the Immortal
classics. Irving at one time visited
Honesdale in company with Philip
Hone, at that time mayor of New
York, and in whose honor Honesdale
was named. During this visit of Irv
ing here the great author was so
charmed with our town and Its sur
roundings, that he included among
his writings, somo very beautiful de
scriptions of the scenery. Irving
Cliff, far famed for its natural
beauty, which stands as a silent sen
tinel on tho east side of the Lacka
waxen river overlooking tho town,
named In honor of the distinguished
writer, and to perpetuato for all
time the honor which we acknowl
edge to havo received from him.
Who can say that the inspiration
which produced the most beautiful
of his classics was not received while
hero and who indeed can say that
tho lines themselves may not have
been written by him while a guest
within our gates, however, what may
bo tho tradition of this visit is dear
to us, and gives to all his writings a
local coloring. Wo trust that all our
readers will read and reread
" Christinas " because It Is filled with
tho brightest gems of thought and
tho purest banquets of tho heart.
OUR CHRISTMAS NUMBER.
Our readers to-day will find that
Tho Citizen appears in enlarged
form. It Is our Christmas number
for Nineteen Hundred and Twelve.
This final attempt of tho present
year will attest tho largo amount of
advertising patronago wo havo en
joyed throughout tho year. Wo tako
this method of thanking tho busi
ness men of Honesdalo for their lib
eral patronago during tho year and
wo havo every reason to believe that
it will continue through tho coming
This Is tho season of tho year when
young and old put forth great In
terest in tho liopeful and joyous sen
timent of tho yulotldo . From now
tho Cltlzan Publishing Company.
K. D. IUUDEMRKRQII
W. W. WOOD
for that purjwse.
on up to December 25 nearly one
half of tho population of tho world
will bo busy with preparations and
plans for Christmas. It lives not
only In tho heart of childhood and i
tho spirit of friendship but It has I
been commercialized and its throne
set up in the market place, and slnco
tho season, both as a flower of senti
ment and an enterprise of business,
has come to mean so much to man
kind, It ought to receive tho support
and encouragement of all men and
Some consideration Is duo to tho
merchants and tho clerks who cater
to tho demands of Christmas. Tho
shop early movement Is spreading all
over tho country. Tho purchase of
gifts should not bo left to tho last
hour. The yuletide festival Is of
sufficient Importance to be planned
The first supplement of The Citi
zen is printed on a good quality of
book paper. It is profusely illustrat
ed with half-tone engravings, besides
carrying a heavy line of advertising.
On tho llrst page appears a large
Santa Claus with pack on his back,
having purchased a quantity of toys
from tho Honesdale merchants for
good boys and girls. Extracts from
Washington Irving on Christmas is
told in beautiful words of that well
known writer. The story was pre
pared by C. A. McCarty. "The
Nativity," by James A. Egerton, is a
handsomely illustrated poem that
is bound to please. It appears on
page three. "A Sketch of the Wayne
County Bar," is one of the features
of our Christmas edition. It also
contains pictures of every member of
tho Bar Association, including the
Judge of Wayne county. A repro
duction of Daniel Dimmick, tho llrst
lawyer of Wayne county, is also
found upon this page. "The Madon
na" and "Star of Bethlehem," Illus
trated, are two beautiful Christmas
stories. "The First Christmas in
America," "Christmas Eve in Pover
ty Row" and other stories. Tho sec-
ond part Is tho regular number of
The Citizen, while the third section
is replete with more stories and ad
vertisements. Wo wish to call es
pecial attention to the story ou page
eighteen, entitled "Christmas Mem
ories," by Lucretla D. Woodward.
Other stories written by this author
have appeared in serial form in dif
ferent well-known magazines.
The Citizen, by special arrange
ment with book publishers, announc
es on page nineteen of the third sup
plement, will give any book free that
is printed In tho list upon that page
to a new subscriber paying $1.50 in
advance. Or a regular subscriber
may receive a book by paying two
years in advance. Tho books retail
from il. 25 to ?2 and aro In good
condition. Tho Citizen would make
an appropriate gift to mother, fath
er, uncle, aunt, sister or brother,
and tho book why, you could give
that to your sweetheart.
Wo havo endeavored to mako Tho
Citizen to-day teem with stories of
good cheer and sincoroly hopo tho
reader will enjoy It. Tho Citizen Is
very grateful to all who help mako
this edltldn tho success that it is and
wishes all its readers, contributors
and advertisers a Merry Christmas.
AN UNFOUNDED SLUR.
" Common Pleas Judges hold
ing courts in other districts than
their own recclvo $-0 per day,
more pay than many common
peoplo recoivo n month. Still
somo wonder at tho lucrcuso in
cost of living" Wiiyno Inde
pendent. Tho abovo editorial Item In a re
cent Issuo of tho Independent Is an
other examplo of that Journal's un
warranted efforts to play tho doma-
goguo and arouse- class hatred. It Is
not true that Judges recclvo $20 a
day or any other compensation for
holding court outside their own dis
tricts. Tho act of 1003, fixing tho
salarlos of Judges, specifically pro
"No Judge of tho said courts
shall receive any compensation
for official services rendered,
other than tho salary llxed by
this act, except mlleago and act
ual expenses Incurred when
holding court outstdo of tho dis
trict for which ho Is commis
sioned." Tho act of 1911 increasing tho sal-
nrica of Judges mndo no cbango In tbo
Judges aro not obliged to go out
sldo their own districts to hold
court, but It they do so, In order to
accommodate another Judge, or to
rellovo congestion of enses In anoth
er county, thoy recclvo no compen
sation for tho service, but aro paid
only their mileage and expenses.
Would It not bo a good idea for
tho Independent, .beforo again seek
ing to inspire disrespect for tho
courts, and to prejudlco tho peoplo
against tho Judges whom they havo
elected, to hunt up some other than
nn absolutely falso statement of fact
on which to base Its Inuendocs? Tho
attempt of a certain class of newspa
pers to encourago violators of law
and to breed disorder, by slurring
attacks on tho Integrity of our courts,
is llttlo less than anarchistic and
should be treated accordingly.
And, by the way, If tho editor of
tho Independent is really slncero In
characterizing the alleged receipt of
twenty dollars a day by Judges as a
violation of the rights of tho "com
mon people," will ho please rlso and
explain why, as a director of a local
bank, he is willing to recoivo com
pensatlon for his services at tho rate
of two dollars an hour or thereabouts
for his attendance at tho weekly
meetings of tho board, as It Is cur
rently reported that he does, when
tho "common peoplo" for whom Ills
heart bleeds, are barely able to earn
twenty-flvo cents an hour at hard
labor, and have to work from eight
to ten hours a day at that?
I desire, through your valuable pa
per, to express my appreciation for
benfits derived from tho valuable ser
vices rendered by Prof. H. A. Surface
and his able assistants. My orchard
has been under tho supervision of
this department for tho past two
years and I can see a great change
in the quality of the fruit as well as
in tho Increased production. Mr. W.
H. Bullock is thoroughly equipped
for the work and has given the farm
ers of Wayne county, at the various
meetings and demonstrations, which
he has held, knowledge If rightly
used will raise the standard of fruit
culture and aid materially In
making the old farm productive. It
is hard for us to get out of the old
ruts. Those who attend these meet
ings receive instruction which If put
Into practice would bring more dol
lars in their homes besides having
the satisfaction of producing fruit
which cannot bo surpassed in any
other section of the county. It is
impossible for the Department to
have model orchards In every town
ships with tho limited amount of cash
for that work, but enough meetings
aro being held in various sections to
enable every energetic land owner to
become skilled In the production of
good fruit thereby enhancing the
profits of his farm. The serious draw
back to this work is tho fact that too
many farmers think they haven't the
time to spray, prune and caro for
their trees according to instructions.
In many Instances they are not even
willing to leave the hay under the
trees for mllching but expect to har
vest the grass as well as the frulN
We believe the day is not far distant
wneu ujiiu cuuiuy win iravu a iruu
gr0vers' association. Let the good
...l ir. ... ...til i -- r t .
OWNER OF MODEL ORCHARD.
O LITTLE TOWN OF BETHLEHEM
O llttlo town of Bethlehem,
How still we see thee lie!
Above tho deep and dreamless sleep
The silent stars go by.
Yet In thy dark streets shinoth
The everlasting Light;
Tho hopes and fears of all the years
Are met In t'heo to-night.
O morning stars, together
Proclaim tho holy birth!
And praises sing to God tho King,
And peace to men on earth.
For Christ is born of Mary,
And, gathered all abovo,
While mortals sleep the Angels keep
Their watch of wondering love.
How silently, how silently,
Tho wonderous gift Is given?
So God Imparts to human hearts
The blessings of His heaven.
No ear may hear his coming;
But In ,11118 world of sin,
Whero meek souls will receive Him
Tho dear Christ enters In.
There children pure and happy
Pray to tho blessed Child,
Whero misery cries out' to Theo,
Son of tho Mother mild.
Where Charity stands watching
And Faith holds wldo the door,
Tho dark night wakes, tho glory
And Christmas comes once more.
O Holy Child of Bothlehem,
Descend to us, wo pray;
Cast out our sin and enter in.
Be born in us to-day.
Wo hoar the Christmas Angels
Tho great glad tidings tell;
O, como to us, abldo with us,
Our Lord Emmanuol!
HIGH SCHOOL NOTES.
Senior Program, ii V. M. Friday,
Essay "A Trip on tho Hudson,"
Essay "Tho Evolution ot Matches,'
Oration "Tho EarhCEt Newspapers"
Recitation "After Blenheim,"
(Southey), AllSb Ward.
Original story "Tho Birthday,"
Oration "Tho Over-Sea Hallway,"
Essay "Revelations of Pompel,"
Recitation "I Ain't A-goln to Cry
No Moro" (James Whltcomb
Riley), Helen Euo.
THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT OF
NEWSPAPERS TO CARRIAGE
IN THE .MAILS.
Tho nowspapcra of tho United
States should awaken, If they are not
nlready awake, to tho surpassing Im
portance of tho uucstlon Just now
boforo tho Supremo Court of tho
United States for a decision.
It Is not from somo burlesque
opera or from tho mouth of somo ab
surd Jurls-consult in that Wonder
land of topsy-turvy thought which
Alico visited that there comes the
amazing assertion of autocratic pow
er of limit tho freedom of tho press,
or to coerce its utterances, which Is
contained in tho following sentences:
"Wo submit that Congress has
tho unrestrained power to say
what In its opinion is so hurt
ful to tho public welfaro that
It should not pass through tho
malls; and that it may enforco
that opinion without Its correct
ness being subject to Judicial
review. It surely
may prescribe any conditions
concerning tho mail matter It
self, 'whether as to size, weight,
character of contents, purposes
for which sent, etc.; and It may
llkowiso prescrlbo conditions
concerning tho person deposit
ing it In tho mall, especially if
tho conditions attached to tho
sender bear some relation to
tho thing sent. If
such views those of a newspa
per's owners aro expressed In
tho paper, Government can
doubtless cxcludo them, Just as
Congress could now exclude all
papers advocating lotteries, pro
hibition, anarchy or protective
tariff If a majority of Congress
thought such views against pub
This was the language of a high
law officer of tho Federal Govern
ment, the Solicitor-General, arguing
to the court In behalf of the un
limited power of Congress to regu
late tho postal servlco of the United
States; to tho extent even of decid
ing what political opinions, express
ed In newspaper type, shall be ad
missible to mails and what political
opinions in newspapers shall be de
nied tho privilege of transmission
from postofflce to postofllce.
Tho First Amendment of the Con
stitution declares that "Congress
shall make no law abridging
the freedom of speech, or of the
press." If the Solicitor-General of
the United States is right In the
propositions printed above, this
precious guarantee is worthless; for
it can he nullified effectually by the
mere exercise of legislative power
whereof the admitted province is the
arrangement of administrative de
tails of tho service and the police
regulation necessary for tho protec
tion of the morals In the commun
ity. The police power is extended
to tho censorship of political opinion.
According to this outrageous doc
trine a majority vote in Congress,
immune form Judicial review or re
buke, may close tho mails to news
papers advocating the prohibition of
the sale of liquor, Just as it may
close the mails to papers containing
obscene literature. A majority vote
In Congress may bar out newspapers
3 INTEREST 3
Per Cent. Per Cent
ON SAVINGS !
ALLOWED BY THE
Saving jWjWESq Why not
is a Mr"" I Get the
A Dollar Starts Foundation for a Future
Our Checking Department Affords all Conveniences,
containing articles In favor of a tar
Ic for protection, Just as It may ex
clude thoso which lend their adver
tising columns to tho traps of notor
Tho Solicitor-General's doctrlno Is
susccptlhlo of oven moro ridiculous
application without straining It in
tho least. If a majority in Congress
should concludo that tho dissemina
tion of Democratic campaign argu
ments or documents, cither In tho
nowspapcra or In pamphlet form, was
against "public policy" It could pre
vent their circulation through tho
malls. Equally as to Republican
literature, or Socialist literature, or
Progressive literature Tho ultimate
censorship and tho unrestrained pow
er of exclusion from tho malls ho
holds to bo In Congress, and no Ju
dicial tribunal exists which Is com
petent to enforco tho constitutional
rights of a free press.
In his closing argument for tho
freedom of tho press beforo tho Su
premo Court at Washington last
week Mr. James M. Beck pointed to
Daniel Wobster's reply to a similar
proposition years ago, when It was
urged that Congress should purge
tho malls of anti-slavery Journals.
"Any law," said Webster, "dis
tinguishing what shall or what shall
not go Into the malls founded on tho
sentiments of the paper and making
a deputy postmaster a judge I should
say is expressly unconstitutional."
If some of our contemporaries do
not yet apprehend tho full signifi
cance of tho recent legislation as
serting unheard-of Federal control
over the newspapers through the
merely administrative power to reg
ulate the mails, wo advlso them to
study Mr. Beck's masterly presenta
tion of the case In their behalf and
for their constitutional right to be
free from arbitrary censorship and
discriminating treatment. And it is
proper that they should know that
this service of championship Is ren
dered voluntarily by Mr. Beck In a
spirit of public duty and not as an
ordinary professional engagement.
Where is this doctrlno of absolute
legislative power to end, If sustained
as to the newspapers and the malls?
If Congress can constitutionally ex
ercise the power claimed for Federal
authority by the Solicitor-General as
an Incident of the ordinary regula
tion of the postal service, has it not
the same power over Individual opln-
I ion as an incident of the regulation
ot loreign and interstate commerce?
Does not tho Solicitor-General be
lieve that Congress by statutory en
actment, under Section 8 of the First
Article, might prescribe that no per
son advocating prohibition, let us say,
or favoring a protective tariff, shall
enjoy the privilege of transportation
on the trains of interstate railways
or on ocean steamships; no person,
indeed, whose political opinions are
deemed by the existing majority in
Congress to bo opposed to good pub
lic policy? And this without re
course to the courts, no matter what
the constitutional guarantee may
When has there been so sweeping,
so preposterous an assertion of un
delegated Federal power since a
former Solicitor-General of the
United States instructed the Supreme
Court, in the case of Kansas vs.
A Christmas Present that Lasts a
free loan of one of our new, handsome
oxidized Home Savings Banks.
for State, County and Borough Funds.
RIDS YOU OF
G. W. Pell la authorized to re
fund your money If you tako MI-O-NA
Stomach Tablots for Indigestion
or any stomach distress or misery
and aro dissatisfied with tho re
sults. And that same guarantco also ap
plies to any condition caused by
out of order stomach such as Sal
low Skin, Pimples, Headache, Nerv
ousness, Dizziness, Sleeplessness,
So why should you suffer longer
from nn unclean Stomach when you
can try MI-O-NA Stomach Tablets,
tho prescription of a specialist on
this liberal no benefit no pay plan.
A largo box for fiO cents at Poll's
and pharmacists America over.
Colorado, that "all powers which aro
national In their scope must bo
found vested In the Congress of tho
United States"; a doctrlno so re
volutionary that tho Supreme Court,
In tho memorable decision rendered
by Mr. Justice Brewer, promptly pro
ceeded to put It under the heel of tho
highest Judicial authority? New
FIRST CHRISTMAS TREE.
" Tho Christmas tree, as every ono
knows, is not exactly a Christian in
stitution," writes Samuel M. Evans,
in Sunset Magazine. " Beforo tho
time of Christ the Druids worshipped
the spirits in tho trees and celebrat
ed tho festival of Yuletide, in which
tho tree had a prominent part. Tho
first man that we know of In tho
countries of the north was the cavo
man. His cathedral was the forest
and Its celling the blue sky, seeming
ly upheld by the fluted columns of
redwood trees that raised their lofty
trunks to tho zenith. And in mid
winter he looked forth from -his rudo
door on trees lighted with tho rays
of the setting sun into more splendor
than even glittering tinsel or flicker
ing candle can lend to tho Christmas
tree of our time."
Relieved in n Few Seconds.
Yes, an Itching, burning, raw, irri
tated skin relieved the moment Zomo
touches it. Zemo is a clean, sooth
ing, healing wash, composed of Thy
mol, Glycerine, Witch Hazel, Bor
aclc Acid and other medicinal heal
ing properties. Zemo relieves and
cures every form of skin and scalp
eruption, and if you are not entirely
satisfied with results from the very
'... or . 1. . . . 1 .j 1 . -
luuu juui uiuuc;, uaia out; uuii,i
I M.nnnrspn nnn mn in nnnpsn i
by A. M. Lelne.
their guarantee is as good as gold.
Competency and t