The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, September 13, 1912, Page PAGE TWO, Image 2

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Preparing For
Many Eminent Men and Wo
men Will Attend Meeting
In October.
i CT1V13 preparations nro being
ninde for the entertainment of
JLEl. tuo nntlonnl conservation con
press to be held nt IndlnnniwUs
Oct 1, 2, 3 nntl 1. Tlie bonrd of mnn
nBcrs, appointed by the Commercial
club, which pot the convention for In
dianapolis, has complete chargo of the
details and arrangements.
The board of malingers Is composed
of some of the most prominent men In
Indianapolis. Each member of the
board Is chairman of n committee that
will have charge of a special feature
of the entertainment.
Richard Mcbor is chairman of the
board of managers. J. V. Lilly is
treasurer, Joseph C. Schaf is vice chair
ninn and L. II. Lewis Is secretary of
the bonrd. Other members ore W. II.
O'llricn, William J. Moouey, Orlando
D. Haskett. Albert E. Metzgor, George
L. Denuy, Carl G. Fisher, Frederick
M. Ajres, C. C. Uancli and Edgar II
The Importance and significance of
the congress may bo seen in the fact
that 15,000 visitors were present on two
different occasions at the congress nt
Kansas City last year. It is believed
the attendance will be even greater
this year.
The congress Is nttended by the most
representative men and women in the
country. Eminent men from nil parts
of tho United Stntes and Europe are
expected to attend and take part in
tho discussion of questions bearing on
the conservation movement
While the question of conserving nat
ural resources will play a prominent
part in the deliberations of the con
gress, It is expected that considerable
attention will be paid to the question
of conserving human life. This Is a
matter that has never received the un
divided nttentlon of tho congress.
Judging from tho interest that is al
ready manifest it Is expected that hcv
eral advanced theorici will bo ox
pounded as to how the span of life
may bo lengthened.
Prolongation of Life.
An Interesting statement regarding
prolongation of life appeared recently
In connection with a report on "Na
tional Vitality Its Wastes and Con
servation," by Professor Irving Fisher
of Yale university, who wns a member
of a commission that made an exhaus
tive investigation before compiling the
"Tho question has been raised," said
Professor Fisher, "whether reduction
in Infant nnd child mortality will not
weaken rather than strengthen the
race by interfering with natural se
lection nnd favoring the survival of tho
unfit It is pointed out tlint tho mor
tality at inter ages of life has not de
creased as hns that in the earlier ages.
There is probably, however, a suffi
cient explanation of tills in the fact
that the improvement In hygienic liv
ing has not yet affected adults as much
as children. Parents are quick to ap
ply for tho benefit of their children
now methods of preventing disease,
such as sterilizing milk, but do not
take the same precaution themselves.
The hurry and stress of modern life
have, In fact tended to produce in some
respects more unhygienic habits among
adults than prevailed under the sim
pler conditions of a generation ngo.
Mortality of All Ages.
"It must be borno in mind also that
the same children's, diseases and other
causes which tend to kill the unfit
child also tend to lnjuro tho proper
development of tho fit Consequently
a lessening of other children's dis
eases will have the effect of not only
prolonging weak lives, hut also of pro
longing nnd developing the strong.
Statistics, so far as available, appear
,o show that where infant mortality Is
the highest mortality at nil ages is
"So far as we can Judge from sta
tistics of the average duration of life,
It hns been on tho increase for 3M
years nnd Is now increasing more rap
Idly than over before. During tho sev
enteenth nnd eighteenth centuries the
increase was nt tho rnto of alwut four
years n century. During the first three
quarters of tho nineteenth century tho
rate wns alwut nlno years. At pres
ent In the state of Massachusetts life
is lengthening at tho rate of fourteon
years n century, In Europe about sev
enteen, nnd In Prussia, tho land of
medical discovery nnd its application,
twenty-seven. In Indln, where med
ical progress is practically unknown,
the Ufo span Is short twenty-five
and remains stationary.
Preventives of Tuberculosis.
"It is possible to estimate tho effect
on tho length of Ufo of tho partial
elimination of various diseases. Using
the statistics, experience nnd estimate
of eighteen physicians as to tho pre
ventabllltj of each of tho list of ninety
causes of death, wo find that the
length of life could easily bo increased
from forty-five to sixty, an increase of
onothlrd, or fifteen years. This would
result in a permanent reduction I
death rate of about 25 per cent. It
would bo feasible to prevent nt least
75 per cent of cases of tuberculosis of
the lungs nnd theroby to lengthen Ufo
by nbout two years. If tho deaths from
In Indianapolis
Prolongation of Human Life
a Leading Topic For
violence were reduced only 115 per cent
human Ufo would bo Increased by .80
a yenr. The prevention of 45 ikt cent
of cnoos of pneumonln would lengthen
life by .0-1 ft year. These diseases
alone could easily bo reduced by thews
amounts so ns to lengthen llfo by eov
eral years. This could bo dono Blm
ply through insistence by tho public
on pure milk, pure water, pure air and
roauonablo protection from accidents.
Influence of Hygiene.
"The estimate of fifteen years te a
B.ifo minimum cstlmato of prolonga
tion of llfo because, tirst It takes no
account of futuro medical discoveries,
such as a mothod of curing or pro
venting cancer nnd of postponing old
ago, ns would MetchnlkofT; second, it
takes llttlo account of the cumulntlvo
influence of hygiene. Tho full benefit
of hygieno cannot bo felt until it Is
practiced throughout llfo nnd not nt
tho approach of specific danger. Most
so called 'causes' of death nro merely
tho last straws which break the cam
el's back. When a puro wntor supply
prevents deaths from typhoid foTer it
prevents two or three times ns mnny
deatlis from other causes. Third, It
takes no account of tho rnclal effects
of new health Ideals, leading in a gen
eral way, as they must, to healthier
Need For longer life.
"With incroaso of knowledge tho
orIod of education of preparation for
life must constantly Increaso. This
fact creates a need for a longer life,
with the later periods of llfo lncronscd
in proportion. The result of such n
prolongation will bo not the keeping
alive of invalids, but tho creation of
a population containing a largo num
ber of vigorous old men. MetchnlkofT
says: Tho old man will no longer be
subject to loss of memory or to Intel
lectual weakness. Ho will bo able to
apply his great experience to tho most
complicated nnd most dollcnto parts
of social life.'
"It Is usually recognized that humnn
llfo is abnormally short, but no exact
determination has ever been made of
what constitutes n normal lifetime.
Flourens maintains that n mammal
lives five times tho length of Us grow
ing period, which would mean, since
tho growing period for mnn does not
censo until about thirty, a normal hu
man lifetime of 150 years. (
Old Age Abnormal.
"Another mothod of estimating nor
mal life is to reckon tho length of nor
mal llfo ns tho time of old ago now
sots in, eighty-three years. But clear
ly, If MetchnlkofT is right In thinking
that old age is abnormal, tho normal
lifetime must exceed eighty-three.
Mnny rcmarknblo cases of longevity
are on record, but most cases of re
puted centenarians are not authenti
cated. Drakonburg's record wns au
thentic, and ho lived to bo 14(5. Mrs.
Wood of Portland, Ore., recently died
at 120. To what extent .theeo excep
tional cases could be made common
cannot ns yet bo known."
Value of Increased Activity.
Professor Fisher discusses at length
the factors that contribute to lessen
ing the span of life and pays particular
attention to tho money valuo of in
creased vitality.
Discussing the genornl vnluo of in
creased vitality, ho says: "Money ostl
matos of wnsto of life arc necessarily
imperfect and sometimes misleading.
The real wastes can only bo oxpressed
In terms of human misery. Poverty
nnd dlseaso are twin evils, and each
plays Into tho hands of the other.
From each spring vice and crime.
Again, wbatover diminishes poverty
teuds to improvo health, and vice
Conservation of Resources.
"Tho conservation of our natural re
source land, raw matorlals, forests
und wntor will provldo tho food,
clothing, shelter and other means of
maintaining healthy life, whilo tho
conservation of health llkowlso tends,
in many wnys, to conservo nnd In
creaso wealth. Tho moro vigorous and
long lived tho race tho better utiliza
tion It will mako of its natural re
sources, Tills will bo truo for two rea
sons in particular: First tho greater
inventiveness or resourcefulness of
vigorous minds in vigorous bodies.
Civilization consists chiefly in inven
tion, nnd tho most progressive nations
nro Uioso whoso rnto of invention is
most rnpid. Second, tho greater fore
sight and Bollcitudo for tho futuro.
As It is usunlly the normal healthy
man who provides llfo lnsurnnco for
his family, so It will bo tho normal
healthy nation which will take duo
caro of Its resoucos for tho benefit
of tho generations yet unborn.
Support of Health Boards.
"Federal, stato nnd municipal
boards of health should bo better ap
preciated nnd supported. Their pow
ers of Investigation, administration
and dlssomlnatlng Information Bhould
bo enlarged. School hygieno should
bo practiced nnd personal hygieno
moro emphasized. Tho multiplication
of degenerates should bo made lmpos-ilblc,"
More In Treasury Than In That
of Any Other Nation.
$1,220,932,997 OFTHE METAL
The Money It Not All In tho Washing
ton Vaults Storago Double What It
Was Ten Years Ago How tho Vast
Sum la Mode Up.
There Is more gold In tho vaults of
tho United States treasury than over
before in tho history of tho country,
nnd, according to the government's fis
cal experts, thero is now more gold in
tlie possession of the treasury than
has ever been stored in tho vaults of
any nation nt ono time.
At the close of business on Sept 8
tho gold In tho vaults of tho treasury
amounted to ? 1,220,032,007. OS. It was
made up In this way:
A reserve fund of $710,000,000, of
which $100,000,000 wns in gold coin
nnd $50,000,000 in gold bullion held
for tho redemption of United States
notes nnd of treasury notes of 1890,
tills reserve fund being fixed by law
nt $150,000,000 nt all times.
A trust fund of If 1,054,375,209 in gold
held for tho redemption of gold oer
tlflcatos of that amount outstanding,
nnd of tills enormous fund of over a
billion in gold $SSS,025,073 is In gold
coin und $105,419,290 is In gold bul
lion. Whon tho Crest Was Reached.
A fund of $10,557,723.08 in gold coin
is held In tho general fund In tho
treasury offices for dally use in tho
current operations of tho treasury.
To bo moro accurate, the crest of
this greatest aggregation of gold In tho
federal treasury was reached nt tho
closo of business on Aug. 28, when tho
total reached $1,222,000,000 In round
numbers, nnd It has since been In that
This gokl is not all in Washington.
In fact most of it is outsido of Wash
ington, It Is In treasury vaults, but somo of
these vaults arc In the subtrcasurles,
somo are nt tho mints, nnd others aro
in tho nssny olfices. But all of It Is
held by the treasury to back up Its
credit and the good faith of tho gov
ernment's currency in gold.
Compared With Ten Years Ago.
Treasury records show that this vast
treasure of gold in Undo Sam's vaults
Is moro 'than double tho amount thero
ton years ngo. Tho total amount of
gold in the treasury on Oct 1, 1002,
was $578,807,825.09, of which $150,
000,000 was held in tho reservo fund,
$34J,012,0S0 was In tho trust funds
and $77,105,730.09 wns In gold coin in
tho general fund.
What It means to hnvd nearly a
billion nnd n quarter of gold coin and
bullion stored in tho vnults of Undo
Sam may bo better appreciated from
tho fact that according to estimates by
tho director of tho mint, carried along
from year to yenr, tho total produc
tion of gold in the world from tho dis
covery of America until nnd including
Iho year 1009 was 047,853,700 ounces,
valued at $13,302,32S,200.
In other words, tho store of gold In
tho treasury vaults is now almost ono
tcntti of the total world production of
gold since Columbus found Amorlca,
and tho comparison is nil tho moro
striking when tho fact is taken into
consideration that much of this gold
has gono into urts and manufactures.
Tho total stock of gold In tho mone
tary systoms of tho world Is nbout
$0,000,000,000, of which nearly $5,000,
000,000 Is in bunks nnd public treas
uries, the balance in circulation.
Philadelphia Lad of Fourteen Masters
Art Despite Affliction.
Charles F. Pnrvls, instructor of
swimming attached to the Philadel
phia board of education, has Just ac
complished tho extraordinary feat of
teaching a legless boy to swim in the
public bathhouse.
Tho boy who has accomplished tho
feat of swimming Is Tysen Dctwller,
fourteen yenrs old. When ho wns six
years of age ho was so badly Injured by
a freight train nt a grade crossing that
ho has had to get along tho best ho
could on crutches ever slnqe. Despito
his ufillction ho is in the seventh grado
in school.
This summer tho boy told hlH father
ho wanted to learn to swim, nnd ho
was taken to tho public batldiousc. Ho
has mastered several difficult strokes
so effectually that he can swim nt least
half a mllo without changing his arm
Such Is Opinion of German Professors
After Research.
Two ncrlln medical experts, nirsch
fcld and Loowy, nppcar as champions
of women's corsets. Their advocacy
Is qualified, but so far ns It goes it
Is wholo hearted, for thoy havo satis
fled thomselves that corsets may bo
preventives of dlseaso In tho possessors
of "paralytic thorax," who nro par
ticularly prono to consumption.
The professors reached this opinion
through exhaustive experiments with
respiration, aided by tho X rnys. They
eny, howovor, that If tho dlsoaso has
klrendy daveloped the corsets aro harmful.
Australia Following In Footsteps of
United States.
"Australia Invites Immigration from
America," said David Jones, n mer
chant of Melbourne, to n Washington
Post reporter on n recent visit to that
"The capital of tho United State is
ono of tho most leautlful cities I havu
over visited," said Mr. Jonci. "It Is
the clonnest city, I think, I have over
scon. Us broad avenues nro a rovoln
tlon. Thero aro moro licnutiful dtles
In Europe, porhnps Paris, Vienna and
Berlin but none of theso Iattor will
compare with Washington, I venture
to say, fifty yenrs from now.
"Australia Is taking lessons from tho
Unltod States. Wo arc building a na
tlonnl cnpltol, and tho plans are being
drawn along tho linos of tho capital in
Washington. In mnny wnys Australia
Is moro llko tho United States than it
is llko tho mother country, England.
Our pooplo nro moro llko Americans,
nnd I believo their sympathies rnn
more nlong tho lines of Americans than
those of Englishmen."
About $100 Moro a Year For 4200
Rural Letter Deliverers.
Under nuthority granted by tho Inst
postal appropriation law Postmaster
General Hitchcock issued nn order In
creasing on Sept 30 next tho salaries
of 42,000 rural mall carriers.
Tho compensation of tho en triers on
standard routes, of wldch thero aro
30,000, is increased from $1,000 to $1,
100, with proportionate incroaso for
shorter routes. Tho order Involves
nbout $-1,000,000 n year. An advance
from $900 to $1,000 a yoar for stand
ard routes wns mndo in 1011. When
rural delivery was started sixteen
years ngo tho carriers got $200 n yoar.
Mr. Hitchcock has also directed that
rural carriers shall havo fifteen days
annual lenvo with pay.
New York Expedition Finds Soventy
two Room House In New Mexico,
A remnrknblo archaeological discov
ery is reported from Stanley, N. M.
An exploring expedition headed by
N. C Nolflon, representing tho Ameri
can Mueoum of Natural nistory of
New York city, hns unearthed a stone
building of seventy-two rooms. In tho
rooms were found n lnrgo collection of
humnn skeletons, pottery nnd other
relics which runy throw now light upon
tho prehistoric civilization of tho south
west A short dlstanco from this building a
big stono dam nnd other evidenced of
a large system of irrigation wero un
covered. If you want lino Job printing
just give Tho Citizen a trial order.
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Vacant lota nt Dlandin; 1 dwelling houso on Park street, Honesdale;
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