Newspaper Page Text
TOT OmZKN, FItlDAV, MAIICH 20, 1013.
Taft Insists That Govarnment B
Run on Sound Business Basis.
HiS PROGRESSIVE POLICY,
Hta Person! Efforts to Reduce Cost of
Efficient Service Bring Results Busi
ness Methods Applied Economy and
Efficiency Commission Fought by
Frcsldout Tnft more than any of his
predecessors lu tho White House has
given strict attention to placing the
government upon a business basis as
regards Its receipts nnd expenditures.
Economy nnd efllclency became one of
the cardinal policies of his administra
tion as soon as he entered upon the
presidency, nnd It was well for the
country that this was so, for his ad
ministration inherited n deficit lu the
treasury of $38,000,000, which has now
been transformed Into a surplus of
$30,000,000. The average citizen and
taxpayer will bo interested lu this
fact, because the problem which con
fronted the president at the outset, al
though upon a gigantic scale, was
similar to that of the ordinary shop
keeper or business man, farmer or
wage earner or even housewife who
la called upon to make "both ends
meet" either In business or lu the
By law the secretary of the treasury
Is called upon every year to submit to
congress in December the '"estimates"
of governmental expenditures for the
next fiscal year, beginning the follow
ing July 1. As congress has to pro
Tide the money to run tho governminl
THE RECALL OF
the money has to bo appropriated for 1
pecific purposes before it can bo ex-j
jiended, and if this were not dono be
fore tho beginning of the fiscal year
tho machinery of government would
top unless emergency provision
eoultl be made.
How Estimates Are Made.
The "estimates" are prepared by the
executive departments of which each
member of the cabinet Is a head. The
oabinet olllcers get tho "estimates" in
their respective departments from their
chiefs of bureaus and then combine
them as the "estimates" for the depart
ment. The "estimates" from all de
partments nre then sent to the secre
tary of the treasury to be submitted
to congress, and they then become the
"estimates" for the cost of ruunlng the
entire government during the next fis
cal year. X'pon these figures congress
makes the greater part if Its appropria
tions, amounting to more than 1,000.
Until 1003 a inoro or less lax method
of making estimates for tho annual
appropriations obtained throughout the
government. The figures sent to Con
gress each year, instead of showinr
Indications of a careful "pruning" nil
along the line, showed there wns a
disposition among the department to
Tio with each other In getting as large
appropriations as possible without con
siderlng whether or not the money de
manded could be ndvantageously ex
ponded during the coming year. There
was no standardization of supplies, nnd
tho various departments wero paying
varying prices for the same article.
What President Taft Did.
As soon as President Taf.t took office
this system ceased. At the outset Pres
ident Taft Impressed upon his cabinet
officials tho absolute necessity of econ
omy nnd efllclency in their depart
ments, lie admonished tliein that not
a dollar beyoud what was necessary to
run the government efficiently In their
departments, including a fair margin
for progress, -which Is a part of efficien
cy in the program of President Taft.
should be asked of congress. The ef
fect was Immediate. Every depart-
nent began rr'irl; r' "r- Inv it-
Kate its own nxj.i'tuilM-.n- .1 to de
rive wnys and menus of .r.ul. ng ex
travagances. The result wa that con
gress received the lowt estimates it
had seen In years. This wns followed
by a reduction in appropriations to cor
respond, always allowing for the mit
arnl growth of the government's na
tivities, which represented n net sav
ing to the taxpayers of the country.
President Taft was not, however,
satisfied that all had been dono that
could be done. Ho realized that the
departments of the government, like
Individuals, are naturally prono to be
proud of their own nchlovcmonts and
by reason of tholr familiarity with
their own endeavors often Insisted
that their work was mor Important
than the work of the other depart
ments, relatively speaking. In order
to correct that evil ho asked congress
to give him $100,000 for a commission
of disinterested experts to Investigate
nd report on tho business of tho gov
ernment, with a view to further neon
my nnd efllclency. Thus camo Into
official being the commission oC that
This commission, among other duties,
was directed to prcparo the receipts
nd expenditures of the government
on a "budget" basis, which Is tho sys
tem followed by practically all the
Icadiug nations of the world except tho
United Stntes. Under this system It Is
possible for the humblest cltl.'.cn to
analyze the finances of the government
at any time and to lay his finger upon
the responsible political party In tho
event of extravagance or of stinginess.
Tho system under which appropria
tions for tho government of the Unit
ed States have been made lias even de
fled tho exports In tholr endeavors to
unravel tho tangled skeins of expendi
tures, so that It Is a fair statement to
say that no citizen of this country up
to the present time has ever thorough
ly understood where his taxes were ex
pended. Tho President's Position.
At the present time the Democratic
liouso of representatives Is endeavor
lug to end the usefulness of the econ-
omy ana emeieucy commission by cut
ting off its appropriations. In a recent
appeal to congress for funds to con
tlnuo tho great work it has boguu,
which all thinking men and women
will approve, President Taft pointed
out that tho people of the country as
a wholo an interested chiefly in. tho
following governmental objects: The
national defense, the protection of per
sons and proierty, the promotion of
friendly relations und tho protection of
American Interests abroad, tho regula
tion of commerce and Industry, the
promotion of agriculture, fisheries, for
estry and mining, the promotion of
manufacturing, commerce and bank
ing, the promotion of transportation
and communication, the postal service,
including postal savings banks and
parcels post; the care and utilization of
the public domain, the promotion of
etfuutloi art and science and recrea
tion; the promotion of public health
and tho cure and education of the In
dian and other wards of the nation.
There are many other public questlous,
of course, but these are the vital und
comprehensive ones, nnd the "budget"
is proposed for the purposo of giving
information us to tho needs of these
matters. Tho president, in order that
his policy of economy and efficiency
may be concluded and become one of
the greatest achievements of his ad
ministration that of placing the gov
ernment on n business basis wants
congress to appropriate f25O,O00 more
for tin support of the commission now
doing tnat work.
Tho economy und efficiency commis
aion has ulready saved to the taxpay
ers of tho country more than $3,000,000
annually by its suggestions und by the
time it bus completed its work U Is be
lieved ten times this sum can be wirvcd
annually to the taxpuyers. In the mat
ter of railroad fare for government offi
cials alono it has found, that $12,000,000
was expended in a single year at the
highest prevailing railroad rates. At
least a fourth of this can be saved by
the application of business metboda
such as President Taft has applied nnd
has insisted shall be applied to til the
departments of the government.
Three Tinus Indorsed Canadian
Agreement In Public Speeches,
SQUARE DEAL DUE TAFT.
No Choice as Betwoen Candidates For
Presidency on This luuo Roosevelt
Also Declared Payne Tariff Law Best
YeC Passed by Congress.
Theodore llooscvclt is on record
three time In public speeches us In- j
dorslng the Canadian reciprocity pol-
Icy of President Taft. This issue Is
now dead through the failure of Can
ada to ratify tho trade agreement on 1
tho ground that tho United States
would derive the greatest benefit from
its provisions. The fact remains, how-
over, that tho 'armors of tho country j
nro not generally nwaro that Mr.
IJoosevelt so thoroughly approved of
Canadian reciprocity when it was a
llvo issue. Canadian reciprocity was
voted for by Itcpubllcans and Demo
crats alike when it was before Con
grcsg, nnd as between Mr. Itooscvelt
and Mr. Taft In the present cnmpalgn
for the Republican nomination for
president there is no choice on this Is
sue. In connection with his public rrt
tcranccs on the tariff Mr. Roosevelt
hns also joined President Taft In say
ing that the Payne tariff law, while
by no means perfect. Is nevertheless
"the best tnrlff law yet passed by con
gress" under the old system of making
such laws. Of course President Taft
and Mr. Roosevelt are botli now com
mitted to tho tariff commission plan of
revising the tariff, nnd Mr. Roosevelt
has given President Tnft credit for ad
vocating this commission plan from the
'Uphold the Hands of Taft."
Mr. Roosevelt's indorsements of Ca
nadian reciprocity were as follows:
In a speech at Grand Rapids, Mich,
Feb. 11, 1011, he said:
"Here, friends In Michigan, right on
tho northern frontier, I have the pecul
iar right to say a word of congratula
tion to you and to all of us upon the
likelihood that we shall soon have
closer reciprocal tariff and trade rela
tions with the great nation to tho
north of us. Applause. And I feel
so pleased primarily because I wish to
ece the two peoples, the Canadian and
the American peoples," drawn together
by the closest ties on a footing of com
plete equality of Interest and mutual
respect lApplause. I feel that it
should be one of the cardinal policies
of this republic to establish the very
closest relations of good will nnd
friendship with the Dominion of Can
In a speech before tho Republican
club of New York city, delivered at
tho Lincoln day dinner at the Waldorf
hotel on Feb. 13, 1911. he said:
"I want to say how glad I am at the
way in which the members of the club
here tonight responded to tho two ap
peals mnde to them to uphold the
hands of President Taft, both in his
effort to secure reciprocity with Can
adu and in his effort to secure the for
tification of the Panama canal.
"And in addition to what has been
Bald about reciprocity with Canada I
would like to make this point: It
should always be a cardinal point Id
our foreign policy to establish the clos
est and most friendly relations of equal
respect and advantage with our great
neighbor on tho north. And I hail the
reciprocity arrangement because It rep
resents nn effort to bring about a clos
er, a more Intimate, a more friendly
relationship of mutual advantage on
equal terms between Canada and the
Gives President Credit.
At Sioux City. Ia., on Sept. 3, 1010,
Mr. Roosevelt said:
"I was particularly pleased with
what the president (Taft) said In hli
letter on the 6UbJect of the tariff com
mission. A number of senators and
congressmen have for some years ad
vocated this as tho proper method of
dealing with the tariff, nnd 1 am glad
that the country now seems awakened
to the Idea that a tariff commission of
fers the only solution of tho problem
which Is twth rational and Insures the
; absence of Jobbery. Tho president
(Taft) from the beginning advocated
j "There Is nnother feature of the tar
i iff law, nnd It points our course In Iho
' right direction, the maximum and min
imum provision, and here ngaln I wish
to point out that the vnluo of tho pro
I vision has depeuded largely upon tho
' excellent work done by tho ndmlnls
I tratlon In the negotiations with tho
Dominion of Canada, which were tho
most difficult of all. and yet lu my
eyes the most Important because I es
teem It of vital consequence thnt wo
should always be on relations of tho
highest friendship nnd good wtll -with
our great and growing neighbor in the
At Sioux Fall, S. D., on tho same
&ty ilr, Roosevelt said:
"I think that the present tariff
(Payne law) Is belter than t.o last
(Dlngley law) and considerably better
than the one before the InRt (McIClnley
law), but It has certainly failed to glvo
I From these quotations from Mr.
' Roosevelt's speeches It Is therefore np
parent that there cau bo no choice as
between President Taft and Mr. Rose
velt on these Issue.
DREAM STOPS A WRECK.
Section Hand Flags Southern Train
After Vision of Broken Trestle.
Awakening from a dream that u
nearby railroad trestle on the South
ern railroad hud been unshed nwny,
O. T. Kitchens, n section foreman, al
though suffering from Illness, arose
from his bed and went to South river,
six miles from Atlanta, On., before
dawn to discover that his dream wao
The foreman found that the stream,
swollen by heavy rains, had carried
away a trestle spanning a sixty-five
foot chasm. He knew that n passen
ger train en route from Atlanta to Co
lumbus, On., soon wns due to arrive at
the opposite side of the river, but he
had no means of reaching that point
to warn the engineer of the danger,
nnd the river is tliree-qunrtcrs of n
Standing on the bank, the man put
his hands to his lips and repeatedly
"hallooed" for half nn hour. Finally
he heard nn answering shout, nnd he
called out -a warning to J. E. Daniel,
who had heard him. Daniel flagged
the train just as It ncared the brink
of the stream.
$20,000 PAY FOR KINDNESS.
Poor Widow Inherits Estate of Woman
Mrs. Ida B. Rosenstccl of Pittsburgh,
a widow with six children, has como
into a fortune of $20,000 as a result of
kindness shown to Mrs. Margaret Mc
Causland, aged eighty-five, during tho
last thirty-three days of her life. Mrs.
McCausland died recently, and her will
gives the entire estate, consisting of
$18,000 in real estate nnd $1,400 in
cash, to Mrs. Rosenstccl.
One day Mrs. McCausland, whom
Mrs. Roscnsteol know but slightly, be
came ill. The aged woman lived alone,
having no relatives nnd apparently no
friends. For thirty-three days Mrs. Ro
Bensteel red for her, preparing meals
and kee1 g the house.
Th Oawg Song of the Arctic
I'm claii i stay rlcht hero In town.
I won't k to the polar Kroun'.
Makes no difference If you win a crown,
Tou'vo eotta keep oatln' your dawffs
"Do you know where little boys go
who nre cruel to innocent animals?"
"De same place dat swell ladles do
what makes dair husbands curry all do
You may post It on the barn door,
You may string It on toe fence.
But the fact remains,
If It shines or rains,
You can't learn a born fool sense!
"Once I could havo bought the site ol
Chicago for $400 In Mexican money."
"I know how It Is, old chap. I had a.
chance to buy a beefsteak once for 11
cents a pound." Washington Herald.
. ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-L AW
Office adjacent to Post Office in DlmmlcV
office, llonesila'e. Pa.
WAI. II . LEE,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office over post office. All leeal buslnes
promptly attended to. Honesdale, Pa.
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office Liberty Hall bulletins, opposite th
Post Office, Honesdale. l'a.
ATTORNEY 4 COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office, Court House. Honesdale Pa.
Charles a. Mccarty,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR- IT-LAW
Special and prompt attention civen to th
collection of claims. Office, City Hall.
. ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office in the Court House, Honesdale
PETER II . ILOtF,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office-Second floor old Savlncs lirnl
bnlldliiL'. Honesdale. l'a
EARLE & SALMON,
ATTORNEYS A COUN8ELORS-AT-LAW
Offices latelv occupied by Jtidze Searle
HESTER A. GARRATT,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office adjacent to Post Office, Honesdale, Pa.
DR. E. T. BROWN,
Office First floor, old Savings Bank build
Inc. Honesdale, l'a.
R. 0. R. BRADY,
DENTIST, HONESDALE, PA.
1011 MAIN ST.
PB. PETERSON, 'M. P.
. 112(1 MAIN STREET, HONESDALE, PA
Eye and Ear a specialty. Tho flttlncof class'
es L'lven careful attention.
LIVERY. r red. G. Rickard has re
moved his livery establishment from
corner Church street to Whitney's Stout
PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
FIRST CLASS OUTFITS. 75y
( Have The Citizen sent to
your address. Only $1.50 per
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT.
Cng lite S lomarJis ondlkmds of
1 1 11 rrr 11 1
ncss and RestXontalns neither
Opiiaii.Morphinc nor Mineral.
Anerfect Remedy for Cousin
tion , Sour Stomach.Dlarrtwa
ncss antlLoss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature of
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
To Bank Dodos tors
your consideration a con
densed statement of the con
dition of this Bankg at the
close of business February
High Grade Railroad
and Goverment Bonds $ 1,234,589.48
Gash and Reserve 212,919.09
Total, $ 1,447,508.57
Loans and Discounts 281,034.91
Banking House 40,000.00
U. S. Bonds to secure
Total, $ 1,825,443.48
NO OTHER BANK IN THIS COUNTY OFFERS
BETTER SECURITY TO ITS DEPOSITORS
THAN THE OLD RELIABLE
H. Z. RUSSELL, President,
L. A. HOWELL, Gashier,
Henry Z. Russell
Edwin F. Torrey
Horace T. Menner
Louis J. Dorfiinger
THE NORTHWESTERN MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF MILWAUKEE, WIS.
Agency at HoneBdale, Wayne Co., ra.
FROM TUB Kd ANNUAL REPOIIT.
Total admitted assets
Total Insurance In force
Total number policy-holders
New Insurance Reported and paid (or
Increase In Insurance In force over 1909
Total Income for 1910
Total payment to policy-holders
Ratio of expense and taxes to Income
YOU YflUU UAKB JMU fiUSTAltU iJT
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
THE OCNTAUfl COMPANY, lCW YOHK CITT.
herewith submit for
Deposits, $ 1,430,587.88
Undivided profits less
National Bank Notes
ANDREW THOMPSON, Vice-President,
A, G. LINDSAY, Asst. Gashier.
James C. Blrdsall
E. B. Hardcnbergh
In 1910 118.7kH.aa 00
11.78 per cent.
XOU INSURE WITH
n. A. TINOI.EY. A cent.
HONESDALE. PA. I