Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZHN, WKONESHAV, NOV. 8, 1011.
A Hero of the Monitor
has Just died In Brooklyn, was on.
mo lamous Monitor, nrst or Ameri
can Ironclads, from the date of hor
launching In Greenpolnt on Jan. 30,
1862, up to December 31 of tho same
year when she sank In a storm off
Cape Hatteras. He managed the
turret when she fought her famous
battle with tho Merrimac and ho Is
credited with saving tho vessel that
was towing tho Monitor when sho
eank by cutting the cablo. At that,
seventeen men wore drowned when
the "phfiflSA ihnT nn n mft' wnnt
Every school boy knows the Im
portant part that the Monitor play
ed at Hampton Roads and In tho
Civil Wflr. Tint fnr linr nroeflnnn jif
tho physcologlcal moment at tho
vuiui wuere sne coum cnecK tne con
federate "Rebel Monster" the latter
might have struck blows that would
have seriously affected the result of
Tho death of Captain Stoddar re-
rans a iew tacts witn regard to tne
Monitor that are Interesting at this
scores of experts had tdld John Eric-
son, xno inventor, mat sne would
sink when floated. She did not sink,
nut she never was seaworthy, and
tnat was why sho foundered in a
gale that would not have affected an
above the water and tho height of
ner turrets was only nine feet. But
thesn tnrrnta wpro nf wmim-hf trnn
too thick to be pierced by guns of
mat period, ana sne carried two
cuns that werfi lm host onnilruKtinl
at that time. The great purpose that
she served was the discouragement
of the Confederates In tho hullrllnir
of "Merrlmacs," tho restoration of
connuence in the Union, and the
construction of more Monitors per
fectly seaworthy,, which were tho
very best floating fighters of that
Dr. Bell Was Prototype ot Go-
nan Doyle's Detective,
NOTED SCOTTISH SURGEON,
Motes in Wheat.
now "Aunt Kate" Miulo Her Money.
The secret of success In business is
the same in comparatively small af
fairs as in large, and this Is well Il
lustrated in the case of a Columbus
(O.) woman, .Miss Kate Yelser, aged
79 years, who netted approximately
?75,000 by keeping boarders. She
has lately come to public attention
through a contribution of $17,000
toward the buildlntr of a Silrltuallst.
church. The storv of hor rnroor. ns
revealed to a renorter of the Ohio.
State Journal, is worth telllnir. Miss
Yelser eamn to. tho rnnitnl nitv nf
With $50. Without relatives nr n In.
al nnnnnlntnnno oho ofrnrtnrl n
inc nniisn In si hllllrMni u-hlph oho
was Ultimatfilv nhln tn hnv T.ntnr
ino cnancea the locality nf hor os.
iimisnmpnT 'nnr eno n nrnva iiori . full
louse, at times numbering 25 board-
ICCUmillatPfl mv mnnpv hv nnnnnmv
I Tiovor rnnhori nnvnno -to rmf If nnil
uiuu lur liib monov no irnvo mo i
I nevfir Insr. n. hnnprtop hopnnoo of Hla.
success or it. l could make a lot
nra mnHOV In tlin hnnMrllnn
iiiiw tii in fro nrrt r nann in itiinsn
flVR." "Hnw nlinnf onrrnr9 nolmil
iv i ii i - 1 1 1 u ;i nnnnn tnii ir ii'nin
caouiiB wuy miss leisur, wnom
All TIT Tfnto " nrnn nhln m a 1-
" w "It. I. v., U.O UUiC LU 111 U IV U DU
Urn TTinnoV hV Lrnartinn- linn.JA.n
liiun. ui liib 'raeais. vp.ir in nnr vahi-
hit., inni np man m cnvrr in nriar
Also Instructor of the Author, Who
Was Greatly Impressed by Tutor'
Clear Soientlfie Thinking Employed
SANTA CIiATJS SMGHTED.
v Liiiviit, wtviuua tu jism
htroy letters to Old St. Nicholas.
Tnlltr Oi. XTl-l.-l ,
unj- uiu ot. iiunuiua received a
in nnsrmnRrprfi tin mh no TiAotmn..
er iu. ut Aiien, oi 'Honesoale. to tne
f not known. '
For manv vpnm If wna th oncf
i" aw 1 buu bUOUUI
I TinRTmn store nnnn fha Knnntnl
some cnaruaDie organization, or to
uuivmuaia Known to answer such
nnpnifl Milt thn nrnnt nn n
- - ' r VWW II MU UUUU
, . uwuwu-UQ AUM-
uuo mui mey wore a nuisance at
I it ii inn nnn run rr rim-, w. A
lilN TionimM oil nnot tn natnwn n n
ill ii t n o unmo rr thA onn h n.
USt as anv ordlnarv mlsHlrnnto lf
A Chlcaco hafnl stfiivirrt hnn Invonf.
.fMHI ninhna nn linni whnn nnnpntl
Combining a magnifying glass with
spring clamp to hold a needle, nn
A self dumDinir barcrft inrAntnrt in
Europe unloads its contents by tip-
Bees and Cranherrles.
Cranberry producers at Capo Cod are
nlllni? for rn Inn Ira of hnrs In nrrlpp in
ki riimr tiiiitiin irmnt i irini nrn tto
ho nrtlrlfv nf thft hPAa in rnrrvlnr nnf-
en from plant to plant Is a means of
ape Cod staple.
Dr. Joseph Bell, the Ulstlnirulshed
Scottish surgeon who died recently,
was reputed to be tho original of
the detectivo character of Sherlock
Holmes. Ho was seventy-four years
old, and his life hobby was the study
yr mysterious crimes.
Dr. Bell Was one Of Sir A. Pnnnn
Doyle's Instructors at the University
or t;uinuurgn. wuere tho novelist was
educated In the early eighties. Ho
had a singular genius for noting de
tails nnd Of formintr n chain nf plrniim.
stnntlal evldenco from them, which
save Conan Doyle his first suggestion
"f his now famous character.
A theory which Dr. Bell constantly
advanced was that nuy really good
doctor ought to be able to tell before
a patient fairly sat down just about
wimt was tno tnntter with him or her.
With women esneciallv he could fro.
quently tell what they were going to
complain about before they had ut
tered n sound, no coustantlv lmnross
ed on his students Conan Doyle
among them the vast Importance of
"Tho great ma.1oritv.of nponlo of in.
cldents and of cases," ho onco told his
class, "resemble each other in the
main nnd larger features. Most men
have apiece a head, two arms, n
mouth, a nose and n certain number of
teeth. But it Is tho droon nf nn ovo.
lid or what not which differentiates
Dr. Doll's Reasoning.
Dr. Bell would illustrate to his class
his mode of procedure bv clvlncr one
or two Instances to prove the success
ful application of his theory. These
Instances were strontrlv smnrnstlvn nf
tne metnous wnich Sherlock Holmes
was later described as employing.
"Once." he said, "a man walked into
tho room where I was instructing stu
dents, nnd his case seemed to be a very
simple one. I was talking about what
was wrong with him. 'Of course, gen
tlemen,' I happened to say, 'ho has
been n soldier in a highland regiment
and probably a bandsman.' I pointed
out the swagger in his walk suggestive
of the piper, while bis shortness told
me that if he had been a soldier ho
had nrobablv been a bandsman. Tn
fact, he had the whole appearance of
a man In one of tho highland regi
ments. The man turned out to bo
nothing but a shoemaker and had nev
er Deen in tno army in his life. This
was rather a floorer: tint, helntr nhsn
lutely certain I was right and seeing
sometning was up. I did a pretty cool
"I told two of tho strongest clerks
or dressers to remove tha man tn n
side room and detain him till I enmo
I next had him strinnsd. and under thn
left breast I Instantly detected a llttlo
blue 'D' branded on his skin. He was
a deserter. That was the way thev
used to mark them In thn f!rlmonn
days and later, although It Is not per
mitted now. The reason of his eva
slon was at onco clear.
Doyle a Good Student.
"Conan Dovle." Dr. Boll cnnHnnoit
'was ono of the best students I over
had. Ho was exceedlnclv Interested nl.
ways In everything connected with
uiagnosis anu was never tired of try
ing to discover all theso llttlo dotall
one loous for. I recollect that he was
once much amused -when a patient
walked In and sat down. 'Good mnrn.
Ing. Pat.' I said, for It wna lmnosslhlo
not to see that tho patient was an
lnsnman. "Good morning, your honor,'
he answered. 'Did von llbn rnnr -nrnllr
over tno units today as you camo in
from tho south side of tho town?' I
asked. 'Yes,' said Pat. 'Did your honor
see me well, Conan Doylo could not
see how I knew that, nbsnrdlv Rlmnln
os It was. On a showerv
n uau Deen, trio reddish clay at the
oure partB oi tno lints adheres to tho
boot, and a tiny nnt in hmmii tn .
main. There Is no such clay anywhere
else around tho town for miles. This
and ono or two similar Instances or.
cited Doylo's keenest Interest nnd set
him experimenting himself,-with very
brilliant results, as you know."
Ono day, in the preseneo of his class,
Dr. Bell said to a patient -who had
come to the Edinburgh Itoynl Infirmary
"Gentlemen, we have here a man
who Is either a cork cutter or a slater.
If yon -will only use your eyes for a
moment you will be able to define a
slight hardening a regular callous,
gentlemen-on ono side of his forefin
ger nnd n thickening on tho outside of
his thumb, a sure sign thnt he follows
tho ono occupation or tho other."
At this season much damage is
done to wheat and other grain crops
both In tho mow and bin by Insects,
chief among which is the Angoumois
grain moth. To a correspondent
who has suffered from the ravages
of moths in wheat, Prof. H. A. Sur
face, Economic Zoologist of the State
Department of Agriculture, writes as
" It Is vnrv Imnnrtnnt for vnn fn
thresh your Wheat just as soon as
possible. Tho longer you let It re
main In the straw the longer will the
weevil and moth remain in It.
Thresh the wheat and put It into
barrels, boxes or bins, and then pour
over it one pound of carbon bisulfide
for each one hundred bushels of
wheat, and over it with wot blan-
l'pfs nr pflrnnfa nnrl lot If romnln n
day to fumigate, and the fumes will
kill the pests.
" We have published in previous
bulletins and news letters to the ef
fect that for the weevil and moth
tho threshing should be done soon.
" Your communication stating that
they are worse around tho outer edge
of the mow proves Just what we have
said about it. They will gradually
work farther and farther Into the
mow, and then treatment will be use
less. If vou do not thrnSh If nml nn
that which you have. '
Thfi rolatlvo V.nlllo nf ltmoafnno ooll
as compared with shaley and sandy
soils for the purposes of fruit grow
ing Is often discussed. Tn .nn Hn.
quirer who writes asking whether
limestone soli is best for growing
Deach and atinla troos. It A Snrfnno
State ZnnlncrlHt. Hnrrlahnro- P
gives the following instructions:
"IteDlyinc to vonr left or nfilrinir
If I would advise the planting of
noacTi anrl nnnlo frooa In ltmoafnno
soil in the Lebanon Valley, and using
me mna ior general truck purposes,
I beg to say that I would recommend
this for the apple and pear, but I
fear It would be too fertile to grow
peach trees with the best results.
Limostnnn will nrnrlnpo n vafv
rank Deach tree that will nrnhnhlv
give more of Its strength and energy
iu growrn ana not enougn to bear
ing, and will not glvo fruits of the
best pnlnr. T.lmosfnno coll la f
best soil for apples and pears, while
sandy or shaley soil Is best for
peach. Also, another point depends
UDOU tho olovatinn. If It to some
what low In the valley so that there
is little ready air drainage, It would
not be so good for the peach. If It
is elevated so that the cold air would
readily drain off In one direction or
another. It wnulrl ho hoftor Tn nn.
swer your question in full one should
see the entiro condition."
HUMOR OF THE DAY
Turn ofthe Tide.
Oeorge II. Enrle, the Philadelphia
financier, was talking In Washington
nbout high overhigh or rank finance.
"Thoro's a certain type of financier,"
said Mr. Earle, "who In his greed for
wealth loses his humanity. Ho be
comes, in fact, a facsimile of Peter
"Peter Brown was a Conshobocken
grocer. Ho was delivering somo
groceries in his wagon one morning
when ho ran down nnd badly injured
an old lady. The old lady sued him
nnd got big damages.
"Well, a few months later Brown
was on his rounds again when he
ran down nnd crippled an old gentle
man. The old gentleman also sued,
and so largo were the damages award
ed him by a generous jury that poor
Brown found himself actually on tbo
verge of ruin.
"One morning nbout this tirao
Brown's young son rushed Into tho
snop in great excitement.
" 'Father. he cried 'father, mother'
beqn run over by old Gobsa Goldo's
ninety Horsepower touring car.'
"The grocer's eyes filled with tears,
and In a voice tremulous with deep
feeling ho exclaimed:
" "Thank heaven, tho luck's changca
at last!' Philadelphia Press.
"You mustn't mind my not asking
you to stay lo dinner. Mrs. uannendln.
There's Just about enough roast beef
ror our own family."
"Yes, that's n beautiful diamond,
Jack, dear if it is a diamond. Let me
see the jeweler's bill for it, please."
"Hawkins, you oughtn't to let. tho
barber cut your hair so short. It shows
tho shape of your head."
"You needn't have brought the book
back at all. Mrs. Luxmoro; as soon as
you borrowed it I sent out and bought
"Mlgglesworth, old chap, talk, to mi
awniie. won't you 7 rm troubled with
"Dear sir: In returning theso sketches
to you we suggest that you quit trying
to break Into the magazines. See If
you can't get n job in a sawmill."
3,500 Miles of Five Dollar Gold Coins.
Undo Sam Is the greatest gold miser
In tho country. There Is enough gold
in the treasury department vaults and
mints to mnke a walk of $r min"
from Now York to San Francisco. Al
lowing fifteen of the coins to a foot
and 3,500 miles for the distance, It
would take 2CO.700.000. or siJ?48.roo..
Do Bees Injuro Fruits?
The Secretary nf tho .St.nto Ttoo.
ICoonorfi' AsKnci.nHnn sonrla n nowo.
nannr c.linnini? tn rir Snrfnno from
one of the leading county papers of
tne state, wnicn contains the state
ment that bees are responsible for
Inlurv done to irrnno crnn nnd not
ing whether such damage Is ever
done by the honey bee.
The Zoologist sets forth the facts
in the case in the following interest
ing lottpr Which ahnnlrl fnrovor cot
at rest this unjust charge against the
uees. ine letter is as toiiows:
" My attention has been called to
a paragraph Jn the Middleburg Post,
ui iiiursaay, aeptemuer z, to the
effect that 'Keeninc hoon in tnwn hna
become a nuisance, and a great an
noyance to everyuoay wno Taises
grapes,' and further suggested spray
ing with white hellebore in sweeten
" As a student of natural history,
as wen as irom the standpoint of a
bee-keeper of many colonies and
years of experience, and also from
the ofllcial position of president of
the Pennsylvania State Bee Keepers'
Association, and State Zoologist of
reunsyivania, l reel it my uuty to
write a few wnrris fnr niihllontlnn
correcting two errors expressed or
luipueu in mis paragrapn.
"(1) Tho bees do not puncturo
nor dlrectlv damacrn thn trmnoa
WaSDS 'and vellow lackots iln nunc.
mio uiuni. me grape is tnus open
ed and damaged, and would either
be sucked drv hv nthor I'nsoota nr It
would shrivel and decay. It is true
tnat alter It is opened by tho other
Insects, the honey bee will suck out
the sweet juices, but I have trior!
several times placing bunches of
sounu ana npo grapes wnere the
noney bees could reach them, and
have found thom 'in each ohro tn ho
entirely uninjured. Thus the bees
should not be blamed for tho damage
to the grapes, as they are not re-
sponsiuie ror it.
"(2) The socnnrt nrrnr la tho In
timntlon that thov shnnlrl ho onr.nv
ed with White hellebore and sweeten
ed water, isven ir this would kill the
bees, It would be quite wrong to de
stroy creatures which are so bene
ficial as these are, In carrying pollen
fmm flnwor n flnwor mnH in mnn..
cases being the only mothod of in
suring punenization in tne Ilower,
and tho setting of the fruit bud. It
wouia aiso oe a decided moral wrong
to destroy thn Ihooa. nn thov nro not
public property, but are tho property
oi muiviauais, and I am satisfied that
a person wno Kins or destroys tho
nroDertv of another ran ho "hold io.
gally responsible for so doing."
Owen Wister. In addition to helm? an
author, has acquired some celebrity as
a wit He was being shaved in a St.
Louis notel on returning from a trip to
tho west some time ago, and the bar
ber, who was attending to his needs,
apparently naa Deen out tho night be-
rore. ms nana was very snaky, and
several times the author winced.
"Will you have anything on your face
when I get through V" tho barber in
quired when the ordeal was almost
"I can't tell yet," mumbled Wister,
"but I hope to havo part of my nose."
NEW USE FOR TUBS.
Southern California Indians
They Make Fine Beds.
Although most of tho imnrnvoraontu
Installed for tho mission Indiana of
southern California by tho bureau of
Indian affairs have been crrntofniiy
received by tho red men, tho bath-
tuns put in two years ago never have
been thoroughly appreciated until recently.
Tho bathtubs were recarded with
suspicion and remained unused until
one of the old chiefs discovered that
they made excellent beds. Ho com
municated his discovery to others, and
jow tno neaa or each family possessed
If a tub seeks his nightly renoso with.
Taken at His Word.
"I note that vou do not anncnl ns nf.
ten as formerly to tho plain sense of
tno common people.
"No," answered Senator Sorchum:
"I'm afraid I overworked that figure of
Bpeech. 1 encouraged my constituents
to such an extent that they nre dis
posed to rely on their plain sense in
stead of on my advice." Washington
"I've heard It said he was a thought
reader," said her dearest friend.
"It's not true," sho said bitterly.
"How do you know?"
"Ho has been calling on mo twice n
week for four months and hasn't yet
mustered up courage to propose." Ally
A Simple Twist of the Wrist.
"You know Jones, who was reDuted
so rich? Wen, he died tho other day,
anu tne only thing ho left was an old
"Well, there's ono good thing about
It It won't bo much trouble to wind
up his estate." Sacred Heart Iteview.
Orator 1 thouaht vour naner was
friendly to mei Editor So It is. What's
tho matter? Orator I made a sneech
at tho Odd Fellows' dinner last night,
ana you didn't print a lino of it Edi
torWell, what further proof do you
want? Canndian Courier.
A Slight Misunderstanding.
'When our visitor told vou ho had
taken a degree In several towns, did he
say what degree It was?"
"Well, I've found out. It was th
third degree." Baltimore American.
"It Is a treat to see the war it nrettv
girl tucks n violin under her chin."
les, but too often fho treat ends
when she begins to play." Birming
'.esser of Two Evils.
"Why doesn't your wlfo slni? to thn
baby when It cries?"
"Sh! We've found nut that th
neighbors would rather listen to the
"She married him to reform him."
"And what was tho result?"
"She wishes now that sho had re
versed the nrocess." Boston Tran.
Just a Fraction.
"You say she is a woman with a
past. And does sho deny it?"
"nnlv nlwint ten venrs of it." Judge.
Mr. Carnegie skins tho rone fnr pxor.
else, tho sklppiug of letters when he
speim uaviug proved Insufficient for
his needs. Chicago News.
Harry Payne Whitney, we are told,
lost $250,000 on tho English turf this
season. Now we know why he is so
populnr among English horsemen.
James J. Hill, who is seventy-three,
says a business man should retire
when ho gets old. but Joe Cannon at
seventy-six believes thnt as long ns
a stntesninn sits up with the boys ho
doesn't get nld.-Loiiisvllle Courier-Journal.
Cowboys to Assail Rum.
S. G. Bettls, ii cowbov breachor nf
Husum, Wash., is preparing for an
extended tour In tho east next vonr
In the interest of prohibition. A quar
tet of cowboy singers will be one of
the attractions, nnd tho party will
travel In covered wngons drawn by
CHILDREN WHO ARE SICKLY
Mothers who vnlnn tholr nnrn rnm.
fert and the welfare of their chil
dren, should never bo without a
box of Mother Gray's Sweet Powders
for Children, for use throughout the
season. They Break up Colds, Re
lievo Feverlshness, Constipation,
Teething Disorders, Headaches and
Stomach Troubles. Used by Mothers
for 22 years. THESE POWDERS
NEVER FAIL. Sold by all Drug
stores, 25c. Don't accept any sub
stitute. Sample mailed FREE to
any mother. Address, Allen S. Olm
sted, Le Roy, N. Y.
Attention Is called to tne STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
City has published a ROLL OI
HONOR of the 11,470 State Banks
and Trust Companies of United
States. In thiB list the WAYNE
COUNTY SAVINGS HANK
Stands 38th in the United States.
Stands lOtli in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wavr.e County.
Capital, Surplus, $527,342.88
Total ASSETS, $2,951,048.26
Honesdale. Pa.. December 1, laio.
All WOOl 8 a. r j
Fabrics. MaCKCX UltS
LilEi J For Ladies and Juniors
At MENNER &' Go's. Store.
in Real Kins,
Voil and, Wool
In our Ladies'
can be found
ien we say, men's and
young men's clothes that fat
men3 we don't mean freaks
or fads. We do mean and we
have suits and overcoats cut
to fit the smaller proportion
ed figures off young men, in
youthful, stylish models and
designs. Suits, brown and
grays; overcoats, light and
heavy. Children's suits
and overcoats, raincoats.
$5, 10, $12, $15, $25 and up.
Fall Li of Cents' Mings