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THE CITIZEN, FIUPAY, AUGUST 4, 1011.
DRIVE 10,000 ELK
Wyoming Herds to Be Moved
to Big Horn Mountains,
GIGANTIC TASK IS GUT OUT.
Animals So Numerous In Western
Part of State That Domestic Cattle
Are Robbed of Forage Two Thou
sand Mounted Men Will Take Part
In Great Drive.
Ten thousand head of Trild elk trek-j
king ncross the state of Wyoming and'
-guarded and guided by United States
cavalry and many cowboys, ranchmen
and sneepherders Is the unique spec
tacle which will be seen Bomo time
between now and winter If tho plans
of the officials who have- tho project In
charge aro carried out
The elk are at present In the Jack-J
son Hole country, in tno extreme west
ern part of the state. It Is tho Inten
tion of the officials to remove them to
the Big Horn mountains just west of
Sheridan and In the extreme northern
portion of the state.
75,000 Head In the "Hole."
The animals have Increased so rapid
ly that tho Jackson Holo country la
fairly overrun with them. It Is esti
mated that fully 75,000 head of elk
winter every year In tho Hole, and
they simply eat the ranchmen out ol
house and home. They are protected
by the state and except for a few days
In tho fall tho killing of an elk Is a
serious offense. Aa u result the elk
herd has now become a menace, and Its
numbers aro Increasing by leaps and
bounds. Tho elk have seemed to real
ize that they are safe and have become
so tamo that they are not frightened
at the presence of a man.
In tho winter, when the range Is
covered with snow, the elk Invade the
ranchers' haystacks and eat every
straw. Fences nro not of the least
protection against them, as they go
over an obstruction of that kind as
though they wero birds.
Proved Menace to Ranchers.
The elk herd has finally become so
great a menace that tho entlro western
portion of tho state took up arms In
an effort to save the ranches and
farms as well as tho sheep and cattle,
as tho elk threatened to simply strip
the range of forage and Ieavo the do
mesticated animals to die of starvation.
Tho national government was ap
pealed to and at tho last session of
congress appropriated $20,000 for the
carp and preservation of tho elk In
"Wyoming, nut this amount Is simply
a drop In tho bucket, and It Is realized
by tho state officials that tho great
herd must bo made self supporting If
It Is to remain In existence.
In northern Wyoming aro the Big
ECorn mountains, stretching 100 miles
or more from north to south. The
Big Horns aro tho most "mountain
ous" mountains In tho northwest a
succession of high peaks and deep
ravines, and all heavily wooded. It Is
an Ideal country for elk and other big
game. The great elk herd from Jack
eon nolo would scatter and Ioso Itself
once It were transplanted to tho Big
norn mountains. And there would bo
sufficient provender to furnish food
throughout tho winter without tho
least asslstanco from tho state or oth
ers. Will Move Elk to Big Horn.
Under these conditions tho state of
ficials have determined to move a big
portion of tho herd from tho nolo over
to the Big Horn country. But to make
tho transfer by railroad Is out of the
question because of tho tremendous ex
pense, so it was determined to drive
tho elk ns though they were cattle.
Tli United States government will
be asked to permit 1,000 cavalrymen
from Fort Itussell, at Cheyenne, and
Fort McKcnzle, nt Sheridan, to take
part In tho great drive, and to this
largo force will bo added 1,000 cow
boys, ranchmen, sheep herders and oth
ers, a total force of 2,000 mounted
men. Tho great "trek will not take
placo until lata fall or early winter.
Elk Do Not Fear Mounted Men.
The elk have become so accustomed
to mounted men that they no Iongci
fear a man on a horse, and this facl
will be taken advantage of during the
drive. Tho animals will bo handled as
Is a herd of cattle, except that Instead
of a cowboy now and then tho mount
ed men around tho elk will bo as
thick as flies. At night they will be
herded, just as tho cattle arc,
Tho expense of tho great drlvo will
be shared by tho state and tho nation
al government, tho latter to tho extenl
of tho $20,000 appropriated at tho last
session of congress.
Tbo west has often seen a herd ol
10,000 cattlo streaming along over the
prairie, bat probably no country eve:
Baw that many elk being driven cleat
ncross n big state.
Four Toed Horse.
A complcto skeleton of a four toed
horse, found In the Big norn basin
In Wyoming, has been mounted and
placod In tho American Museum oi
Natural History In New York.
Inoomes In England.
During tbo year 1000-10 there were
10,300 persons in England with in
comes over $25,000 each, tho total
tfi.vi.noo.fiOO. or an overate of 863.000.
CRUISE THE WORLD
IN A GASOLINE YACir.
Millionaire Will Spend tho Rest of Hl.i
Life on the Vessel.
James B. Hammond, the millionaire
typewriter Inventor and manufacturer,
har. started in his ninety-five foot gas
oline yacht. Lounger II., on the round
of tho porta of tho world.
Ho is seventy-three years old. and ho
snvs ho Intends to spend the remainder
of his days on tho Lounger II. As
Mr. Hammond has modo up his mind
to live to be 100 years old, he has
twenty-seven years of blissful voyag
ing and cruising In prospect The
yacht Is certainly beautiful and com
modious enough to tempt one to pro
long existence upon her.
She is sixteen feet beam and draws
only three foot She Is equipped with
every device that science can suggest,
provided with every comfort and lux
ury. If her engine should refuse duty
there is sail to fall back upon. She Is
good for fifteen knots an hour.
There is a refrigerating plant for
cooling tho cabins In summer, "and
there are thermostatic Installations for
keeping nn even temperature In win
ter. She has a tank for carrying fresh
fish. In n cockpit especially construct
ed for It nestles an automobile.
The Btnrt was made from tho yard of
the New York Yacht. Launch and En
gine company. Accompanying him ore
a nurse, a mnsseur, a chauffeur, a sec
retary, Pinky, a Boston bull; a mother
dog and six puppies, n canary and n
Captain Into Is In command. The
skipper's wife Is tho cook. Tho skip
per's cousin Is tho wireless operator
and his brotber-ln-law the bo'sun.
During hlB twenty-seven year cruise.
Mr. Hammond said, ho Intended to
touch at every port. After ho Is
through with tho Lounger II. ho says
he will present her to tho United
States government ns n model of ma
Some of tho relatives of tho wealthy
manufacturer some time ago tried to
have him declared incompetent to man
nge his estate, but tho courts decided
that Mr. Hammond was fully compe
tent to look out for his fortune and
REVOLUTIONARY WAR WIDOW.
Mrs. Proctor's Husband Fought Under
Washington 111 Years Old.
Mrs. Mary Trawlck Proctor, 111
years old, a real daughter of tho Amer
ican Revolution, has been discovered
In a one room cabin In Bartow coun
ty, Ga. Her solo companions nro her
daughter, Miss Mary Proctor, ninety,
and two great-great-grandchildren, de
scendants of another daughter.
Mrs. Proctor was born In Wake
county, N. C, In 1800. At tho ago of
nineteen she was married to Hiram
Proctor, a veteran of tho Revolution
nnd tho war of 1812. Sho has lived
under tho administration of twenty
A movement has been started to
raise funds sufficient to provide for
tho two ngod women the rest of their
GEYSER SPOUTS STONES.
Freak Action of Hot Spring In Yel
Eruptions of largo quantities of
water, steam, sand and small rocks to
a height of several hundred foot from
tho hot springs In the Norris basin In
Yellowstone National park have been
occurring during tho summer.
Persons familiar with tho park are
unable to explain tho phenomenon.
They say that as tho geysers have
shown no diminution in activity the
eruptions cannot be duo to a diversion
of steam and hot water from tho regu
It may lndlcato, however, Increasing
activity In tho subterranean forces to
which tho geysers nro duo, and If mich
Is tho case it Is possible another geyser
may dovelop In tho park.
Convicted Banker Keeps Up Fight to
Secure His Freedom.
Charles W. Morso wlll( appeal to the
United States circuit court from the
recent decision of Judge William T.
Newman denying his freedom from
tho Atlanta prison, where ho Is serv
ing a fifteen year sentence for viola
tion of tho national banking laws.
Moreo contended that tho court
should fix his status as a prisoner un
der n ten year sentence or n fifteen
year sentence, that ho might deter
mine how much tlmo ho might get off
for good behavior and when a parolo
might bo nppllod for. Ho also con
tended that the, Atlanta prison was
for tho detention of prisoners at hard
labor, whereas ho could not bo sen
tenced to hard labor.
The Real Center.
Tho center of population by the census
of 1910 ts (our and a halt miles south of
Unlonvllle, Ind., or seven-tenths 'of a mile
farther north and thirty-one miles farther
west than the center according to the con
bus of IDOa News.
Tho center of numbers, concede ft, is here.
And yet the Importance Is groat
Of finding by methodB of science etnooro
Just whore s th center of weight.
Ah, who that has studied our president
Can doubt that tho thinking la straight
Which locates ta Washington yet for a
Tho physical center of wolghtt
The center of gravity, that Is tho thins
Which counts, as philosophers state.
The White House, until Just a year fpom
WU1 stand as our center of weight.
IN THE DAYS OF
How Anne Holliwell Was
Saved From the Stake.
Did' you never hear of Anno IIolll
well. tho witch of Salem 7 No? It's
an odd story. My grandfather gave
It to my father, and my father gave
It to me.
Anno nolllwell when sho was eight
een years old was accused of witch
craft. Mark Spooner, a big, strong fol
low, wanted to marry her, but he was
a wicked one they said he had secret
meetings with Satan nt midnight in
the wood and Anne would have noth
ing to do with him. Moreover, she
loved Joel Hallltt, son of Deacon Hal
Utt, who wont off with the Roger Wil
liams people. Joel was tho reverse of
Bpooner, being a small, palo looking
young man. but with a very Intellec
tual countenance. Ho was not In fa
vor with tho congregation, however,
because he openly denied tho right of
the church to burn out a woman's
tonguo with a rcdhot Iron. Indeed, so
great was tho Indignation against his
heretical protest that Joel came near
paying the penalty of his rashness
with his life.
Now, I am not going to vouch for
what I Intend to tell you. I'll give it
as I got It from others and their in
terpretation of It If you choose to
take different views concerning it, I
shall have no objection.
Anne Holliwell was accused, as I
have said, of witchcraft. My grand
father used to say that Mark Spooner
was at the bottom of the accusation
with a view to getting Anne into his
power, but this was not current at tho
time. However this be. Anno was
tried and sentenced to bo burned.
When tho fagots were prepared and
Anne was being bound to tho stake a
tall man stopped out of a wood nearby
nnd advanced to the party. Ho wore a
purple doublet, bordered with red. and
red hose, while on his head was a con
ical hat with a single feather In it
There was something so singular in his
appearance that tho people turned
from Anno nolllwell, the stako and the
fagots to look at hlrn.
"What do you with tho wench V" ask
ed the stranger.
"We're going to burn her. She's a
"A witch?" The speaker throw back
his head nnd, displaying white, point
ed teeth, gave n laugh. At first It was
a slmplo Ironical ha, ha! Then It -had
tho ring of a trumpet In It Then came
back an echo, though there was no em
inence or cliff to send It
"Who are you?" asked one of the
pillars of the church who wero con
ducting tho execution. "You strange
ly resemble Mnrk Spooner, but you
ore not Mark Spooner, for Mark Is but
twenty-five, whllo you you may bo
young or you may be old."
"No matter who I am, I have como
for tho wench."
"Stand off!" cried several of tho most
pious men present, who had no mind
that tho Lord's will should bo inter
fered with, but tho stranger, drawing
his sword, stepped up to Anno nolll
well and, cutting tho cords, led her
away toward tho wood. Somo said
that sparks wero seen to fiy from tho
point of tho sword, somo thatjils fnco
suddenly from being quite handsomo
became so demoniacal that every man
gnve way Instinctively before him. As
for Anne, from tho first sho shrank
nwoy from him, but ho took her by
the wrist, and, though ho seemed to
make no exertion, ho dragged her
away from tho fagots, after which sho
walked beside him passively, as
though under a spell. In this way ho
took her to tho edge of tho wood,
where the two disappeared.
An hour later Anno nolllwell, ac
companied by Joel Hallltt came back
Into tho town. She was not further
molested by tho people. It was not
generally known why, though the mas
ter of cercmoulos who was to havo
presided at her execution after a long
Interview with her gave out that sho
could not have been a witch because
tho devil had tried to rescue her and
had foiled. My grandfather claimed
to have got tho story of what happen
ed after sho disappeared with tho
stranger from ono of her children.
Joel Hallltt on tho night before tho
expected execution, Instead of giving
way to his grief, spent tho hours on
his knees praying that tho peoplo
might bo absolved from tho supersti
tions of witchcraft and persecution.
When tho hour of tho execution camo
he was seized with an Impulse to go
nnd savo tho girl. Seeing a sword
standing In tho corner whoso hilt was
shaped Uko a cross, ho seized it and
sallied forth. His course lay through
tho wood, and after entering It ho met
tho stranger, leading Anno. Approach
ing them, he asked whither they wero
going. Anno gnvo her lover an ap
pealing look, and tho man glared at
him with such a demoniacal counte
nance that Joel instinctively held up
tho sword In his band between him
self nnd tho stranger. Whether It was
tho cross on tho hilt or an angelic ex
pression that Anno aftorward declared
appeared on Joel's countenance, tho
stranger drew back and, crouching,
slowly shrunk away. Joel, now be
lieving that power had been given him
In answer to his prayer to savo Anne,
still holding up tho sword, drove tho
stranger to tho thickest part of the
wood, where ho disappeared.
My father always said that my
grandfather believed that Mark Spoon
er arranged with the devil to get
Anne Holliwell for him in return for
his own soul.
HINTS FOR THE
Window Screen That Moves
on Stationary Guides.
An ingenious variation of tho guide
ways for sliding window iens has
been Invented by an Illinois man.
This form of screen moves up and
down on stationary grooves set Inside
the window frame and usually Is put
In place by having a spring attach
ment on one end. In the device here
shown the guides are made In two
sections, the lower of which are sta
tionary and tho upper being hinged to
tho top of tho window. When the lat
ter Is In vertical position It forms nn
uninterrupted groove with the bottom
section. It is very easy to adjust a
screen on this form of guide, as the
upper part of the guide can bo pulled
out at tho bottom and tbo screen slip
ped Into it Tho guide Is then allowed
to drop back Into place, and as the
screen slides down over tho point of
Intersection of the two pathways it
holds both in exact alignment. It is
easy to remove these Bcreens to wash
Jellied Cucumber Salad.
Three cupfuls cucumbers cut Into
small blocks, ono cupful of white wlno
vinegar, ono ounce of gelatin, ono large
bay leaf, two teaspoonfuls of salt one
teaspoonful of pepper corns, two blades
of maco nnd mayonnaise dressing.
Soak tho gelatin in half a cupful of
cold water for half an hour. Put tho
bay leaf, pepper corns and maco Into
a saucepan, add two cupfuls of boiling
water, cover tho pan, simmer for fif
teen minutes, strain and measuro tho
liquid. If thero is not a cupful and a
half, add sufficient water to mako that
amount. Turn In the gelatin, stir un
til dissolved and add the vinegar.
Stand away until cold, but not stiffen
ed. Arrange tho blocks of cucumber
(which should be free from seeds) in
small molds and pour over them
enough of tho gelatin preparation to
cover well. Put In the refrigerator to
stiffen and serve.
One-third of a cup of butter, yolks
of two eggs, Julco of a small lemon,
ono-quartor teaspoonful salt and a
Httlo white pepper. Cream tho butter,
odd tho yolks, ono at a time, and beat
well, then add the lemon Julco strain
ed, salt and white pepper. Boat It
well, adding tho lemon Julco a little
at a time. About five minutes beforo
serving add one-third cup of boiling
water. Place the bowl In u saucepan
of boiling water and stir rapidly until
It thickens llko boiled custard. This
sauce Is nice served with fish or pour
ed on boiled cabbage.
Oil Rub For Colds.
For croup, cold In tho head, sore
lungs and throat, placo parleut near
the fire and thoroughly rub tho fore
head, temples, nose, throat and lungs
with oil of eucalyptus, being careful to
keep oil from the eyes; put patient In
bed and In about twenty minutes tho
body will bo In n profuse perspiration
nnd tho patient asleep, breathing nat
urally. This Is an old and efficient
Mucilage For Home Use.
Put ono ounce of gum tragacanth in
a quart fruit can, pour over It ono and
one-half pints of clear, cold soft water.
Cover tho Jar and let stand until next
day. Stir thoroughly and add flvo or
ten drops of oil of sassafras or winter
green to prevent Its turning sour. Stir
several times during tho day, cover
close and set nway for use.
To Wash Silk Stockings.
Mako soapsuds of lukewarm water,
using a good grade of castllo soap. Do
not use hot water, as It destroys tho
life of the silk. Rinse In cold, clear
water until froo from all soap, then
pull the stockings lengthwise nnd press
with a warm iron, but never a hot one.
They will bo as glossy as when new.
Boll beets until tender, skin them
and cut Into half Inch cubes. Weigh
nnd use nn equal weight of sugar, wet
with water to mako a sirup. Pour
this over tho beets and cook until tho
sirup la as thick as you wish it Fla
vor with stick cinnamon or nny other
flavor you wish.
Bring berries to a boll, sweeten to
taste. Mix dough as follows: Two
cups of flour, two teaspoonfuls of bak
ing powder, ono teaspoonful of salt
Add water to mako consistency of bis
cuit, drop Into boiling berries and let
cook about fifteen minutes.
Too Much Papa.
This bit of humor and pathos Is from
the Hawaiian Star: "An amusing in
cldcnt is related of a young service
matron who had relinquished her hus
band for two years and who. having
before his departure Insisted on a good
photograph, apptiod herself assiduous
ly to the upbringing of her two-year-old
baby with a view to tho child's fa
miliarity with her distant father. Each
day she would call tho baby girl to
her and. kneeling beside ber, would
hold up the photograph, pointing out
each feature to tbo child.
"One day the officer camo home, and
the baby girl, then four years old. was
summoned. 'Como dear.' said ber
mother in glee, 'papa has como homo
at last!' Tbo child surveyed tho offi
cer in perplexity nnd finally shook ber
"'What Is the matter, dear? asked
her mother. 'Well, replied tho child,
ho looks something like my papa, but
my papa hasn't any legs!'"
Humor of the Barometer.
It was a beautiful barometer. It
glistened from its splendid wooden
cose with a spick and spanncss that
boasted of Its newness. Its rich frame
work clearly advertised the largo price
that had been paid for It Its owner
was Justly proud. But It possessed one
drawback it wouldn't work. Ever
since It had been purchased it had re
mained at "set fair" whatever tho
weather bad happened to be. And tho
weather had happened to be particular
ly wet At last Its owner grew weary
of its external beauty and exasperated
over its internal stupidity. One day
when the rain was pouring extra hard
ho tore tho weather indicator from tho
wall and took It out into the road.
For a moment the necdlo hesitated.
Then as the raindrops began to dim
tho glass It made up Its mind and
moved slowly round to "very dry."
An Innocent Victim.
General F. D. Grant, at a dinner nt
West Point, onco analyzed tho mili
tary genius of Washington.
"Washington." ho said, "gavo us our
Independence by campaigning fault
lessly. Hp never made mistakes.
Thero have been more brilliant sol
diers than Washington, but there has
never been so sure a one. In warfare,
you must know, the smallest mistake
may lose a wholo battle, a whole cam
paign, a whole cause. And that re
minds me of poor Tom White.
"Tom White failed In business ow
ing to tho mistake of ono single letter
made by his stenographer. Tom's pa
tron In business was a deaf million
aire who wa very touchy about his
deafness. This millionaire1 turned
from n good friend to a bitter enemy
ho foreclosed, on Tom because tho un
happy fellow's stenographer acciden
tally began a letter to him 'Deaf Sir.' "
m XT .
Hon , Sour Stomch-Dlarrtra
ness ondLoss of Sleep.
facsimile Signature of
Ml i ill ii I I.
IMBIII Willi I I
.Guaranteed under tne r ooJj
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
rri.an:iii ' ' - i .n. .. '
PK HONESDALE, PA
IflQCDU M UCI PU
JUWLI II 11. II LLUM
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Office: Secnnd flnnr MxinnL Pll,i
-ww. MkJUAHU -UUU
tag, oyer C. O. Jadwin's drug etore,
M. LEE BRAMAN
EVERYTHING IIS LIVERY
Buss for Every Train and
Horses always for sale
Boarding and Accomodation
Prompt and polite attention
at all times.
ALLEN HOUSE BARN
Designer and Man
Office and Works
1036 MAIN ST.
Wo print bill heads,
Wo print pamphlets,
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
THE OBNTAUH OOMPANT, HCW 0 OUT.
KRAFT & CONGER
Bears the JaJu
ADVERTISE IN THE CITIZEN