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THE CITIZEN', FJUDAY, MAY 20, 1011.
Wayne County Teachers'
Hold Annual Meet
The fifteenth session of the Wayne
County Teachers' Association was
held at Pleasant Mount May 12 and
Sixty-five teachers attended al
though many schools have closed
and the teachers havo entered other
fields of labor.
Tho pleasant weather and the hos
pitality of tho Pleasant Mount peo
ple made the session very enjoyable
as well as helpful.
Friday evening, May 12, at the
Presbyterian church Mrs. Salo
Friedewald gave a reading. "The
Bluebird," to a large appreciative
audience. Mrs. Friedewald has been
with the teachers before and her
readings are much enjoyed by them.
Saturday morning the session
was called to order by the Presi
dent, Mrs. Alma J. D. Dlx and after
singing Rev. W. D. Schenck conduct
ed devotional services.
Tho first paper, "Disobedience,"
was read by Miss Loretta Spratt.
Sue advised securing obedience al
ways and studying the child to
know what to Tenuest of him. It
is natural for a child to obey. If
children are surrounded by good
examples they will imitate. Chil
dren have a keen sense of Justice.
They demand resistance. Their
home life and training have much
to do with a child. A deficient or
unhealthy child will not be obedi
ent. Never punish a child until he
is understood. Child development
is slow, too much is expected of him
in some respects.
Many incidents of child life were
related In the paper confirming the
The discussion was opened by
Prof. Creasy. He entreated the
teachers to get acquainted with the
child's home life. Teachers often
insist on information a child is for
bidden to tell. Be sure of your
ground and stick to It. Don't try to
conquer the child, be reasonable
with him. Prof. Koehler advocated
less talking and explaining. Give
a command, but not always a reason
until afterward. Often the pupil
tries to be agreeable but the fault
lies with the teacher or the parents.
The teacher's habits may not be
agreeable and the child can not obey
There are not good results where
scolding Is resorted to.
Mrs. Dix added: "A child has a
keen Idea of fairness. That most
cases of disobedience can be settled
in a definite, decided manner. Plain
talking and knowing that the child
understands is efficient. The child
must be able to look up to the
Prof. Kennedy said one great
fault with many of the teachers is
the inability to govern themselves..
Tho second subject on tho pro
gram was "Panama" and Prof. R.
T. Davles occupied the period giv
ing a very clear description of the
country and canal.
'Clio project of a canal across the
country dates back from Balboa. In
1S28 tho first Biirvey of the Isthmus
was made. During tho Civil war
interest was shown by tho United
States in tho cnnal project.
In 1902 tho French Company sold
the rights to the United States.
Then the Republic of Panama was
"recognized and tho Pannina zone,
ten miles In length, was purchased
by the United States for ?10,000,
000. After gaining possession the U. S.
decided to build a lock canal, which
decision was due to Ex-Presldeht
Roosovelt and it proved to be the
most satisfactory canal for the
Tho engineers first move was to
make the zone fit for living; ?2,
000,000 was used to exterminate
the mosquitoes. Tho houses were
raised, screened, lighted and made
Insect proof besides being kept very
clean. First-class shops were also
The canal is divided into three
divisions, Atlantic, Central and Pa
cific. Each has an engineer and all
being presided over by a chief en
gineer. At the Atlantic side much work
was caused by dredging the bottom
of the bay and building a break wa
ter for the harbor. This Is made
from the material taken from the
bed of the canal.
In the Central division Is the
Gatum dam and Cut of Culebra.
Much time is being spent on the
dam, as at one time the dam dropped
which was due to the compressible
substance beneath the dam.
Tho aara Is 1 miles long,
mile wide at the base and Is dug in
a rock bed. At water level it is
400 feet thick and 100 feet thick at
The rock taken from the Culebra
cut is used in making the dam.
During the wet season from May to
November the river Pedro Miguel
Is an unharnessed deluge and that
makes the dam a necessity. The
lake is approached by twin locks.
The Atlantic division Is at sea level
and the Jump to the Iako Is 85 feet,
there being three series of twin
locks of concrete with steel doors.
These locks can be emptied and
filled In fifteen minutes.
Tho cut of Culebra is 1000 feet
long and 300 feet wide and about
650 feet high. Viewing it from
above tne steam shovels and ma
chines look like great Iron mon
sters directing themselves as the
men can not be discerned at such
a distance. The cut Is supposed to
be finished in 1815. Slides cause
some delay but the work Is so well
managed they are not discouraging.
At the end of this cut there are two
flights of twin locks to the Pacific
division. There is not as much
work to be done at this division,
although a break-water will be built.
The total cost of the canal will
be $37C,000,000 and when finished
it will take twelve hours for a ship
to pnss through the canal.
Tho death rato nt tho canal zone
compares favorably with the largo
cities. There has been no yellow
fever In four or five years. Schools
have also been established and the
bird-cage houses mako tho canal
zone a very comfortablo place.
Tho value ot the canal was also
Mr. George H. Rlchwine had for
his subject "Remove tho Gloom,"
and It was a well prepared paper.
He compared the aim of education
fifty years ago and the aim of It to
day, also the requirements of any
degree. The purposes of scholar
ships are varied but tho ends are
utility and culture. Utility Is
more simple. It Is a knowledge as
a useful acquisition and as an In
strument for wages.
Culture Is to cultivate, sweeten
and brighten life. The aim of cul
ture Is better, greater and more
truly human. Utility nnd culture
go hand in hand. They are not
complete alono. Culture leads far
away from the tangible. Ideals arc
practically useless. Ideal dreams
weaken the soul. Education brpad
ens, makes one noble, useful and
Culture leads a soul to excellence.
Education opens the mind to high
er Influences. Utility directs edu
cation to enlighten burdens. Cul
ture directs education to sweeten
and brighten the soul.
Tho last period of the morning
was occupied by A. D. Sorenson, a
representative of the American Book
company. His subject was "Writ
ing." He explained the necessity
of liioro time used for the writing
period. Have a definite plan and
carry it out. Teachers must under
stand the subject before teaching it.
On account of a crowded currlcul
ium, penmanship is neglected.
A very small per cent, of chil
dren when they leave school can
write. The position of the body,
paper and pen and forming of each
letter was carefully explained. It
was especially practical and Inter
ested the teachers.
The afternoon session was called
to order by Mrs. Dlx and tho report
of tne resolution committee was
read by Prof. Oday. Miss Helen
Tiffany read a paper on "Primary
Work In the Country Schools." Pri
mary work groups Itself into the
three R's. First reading: The
phonetic method taught presenting
the vowels as boys and girls who
change their names every time
they change their caps. A is always
A when he wears a straight cap and
A country isolated has no chance
to receive help or encouragement
from another. Committing verses
and hymns are considered with the
The second R requires more care
as tho child is wholly dependent on
himself In writing.
The ttiird is arithmetic. Small
problems pertaining to the every-day
life of the child should be used. As
tne teacher has such little time for
tho tiny tots in a country school,
they should be old enough to think
Tho second paper was "English
Teaching in the High School," pre
pared by John A.- McAndrew. It
was very Interesting.
Mr. Sorenson continued his morn
ing's address during tho last period.
He presented tho subject "Writing"
with much enthusiasm and his talk
was very interesting.
Teachers must put brains Into
their work or every method will fall
flat. Aim to graduate every child
so that penmanship of each will
never stand In their way of securing
a position. Ono's character enters
into his penmanship.
The Executive Committee elected
tho following: President, A. H.
Howell, White Mills; vice-president,
W. J. Deltrlck, Mt. Pleasant; secre
tary-Treasurer, Anna Seamon,
An Informal talk on "Penman
ship," was given by Mr. Herman
Rounds, Vandllng. His work Is
very similar to Mr. Sorenson's, the
morning speaker on "Penmanship."
A vote of thanks to Messrs. Sor
enson and Rounds was taken and
the meeting adjourned.
CLARA A. ECK,
The king has many privileges which
ho never exercises. Ho enjoys an im
memorial right to all gold and sliver
mines, not only on his own laud, but
upon any of his subjects' lands within
his dominions. So shareholders lu
Rand and Wcstrnlian mines would
havo to forego their dividends If tho
king felt avariciously disposed. The
king is also entitled to a yearly tribute
from his tailor, consisting of a pair of
white doves, a pound of cummin seed,
a pair of scarlet hose and a silver
All sturgeons and whales caught In
British waters nro royal perquisites
The whale has a split liability. Its
tall belongs to tho queen, while Its
head goes to the king. It Is generally
assumed that tho partition was decid
ed upon in order that the queen should
always bo supplied with whalebone,
but if so the founder of this act of
beneficence committed the mistake of
giving the queen the wrong half.
The man who tries to do Ills best
In every wny,
Who never Is content to rest
Or waste a day.
May not succeed In getting high.
Men may not eheer when he goes by,
But It Is sure as sure as fate
That he will fall
To over havo to saw tho grate
Of any Jail.
Illustrated His System.
It was n hnblt of the wise French
man Arngo to look during his lectures
nt tho young man who appeared the
dullest of tho students, nnd when ho
perceived that this one understood he
knew all tho others did.
Onco in a drawing room ho had Just
explained this habit of his to some
friends when a young mnn entered
and saluted him familiarly.
"But to whom hnvo 1 tho honor of
speaking?" asked tho scientist.
"Why, Professor Arago, yon do not
know me? 1 always attend your lec
tures, nnd you never take your eyes
off mo tho whole time."
As a sample of Kaffir English here
is a love letter sent by a Capo Colony
boy to his dusky inamorata:
Dear Mls3 I have great confidence in
thundering tho width of my opinion that
I shall thank for kindness If you will gl te
me the privilege of lettering with you con
cerning love, us your most winning face
has drawn my serious attention to you,
and that I shall appreciate you In antici
pation of an early reply and also terml
natlng this with supreme of high enuncia
The devil tried haid
Job's faith to Impair.
Loss of property, children
And health he'd to bear.
But, falling to tempt him
To curse his own life.
To make him despair
He left him his wife.
From the Spanish.
Smith I want to sue Jones for dam
ages for being run down by his auto
mobile, but I'm afraid ho has no
Lawyer Oh, that's all right. I can
use Ma car. Pii.-t..
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
She Kind You Have Always Bought
"VfOTlCE 01? ADMINISTRATION,
IN ESTATE OF
LEE CALVIN SMITH.
Lnte of Lake Township,
A 11 persons Indebted to said estate arc noti
fied to make Immediate payment to tho un
dersigned ; and those having claims ag.ilnst
the said estate arc notified to present them
duly attest I'd, for settlement.
Ariel. Pa., April 8. 1911. 20eol6
German -American nome
T .. 1 Men Women, you on A old,
I rQaiBllfillf. " Silterlni ee.'t lift Cured, I
I I trUUJIUIIal Qi, & idteril.lnr Morton.
Fooled. n.r.I.etl or Itftbh.il Ton. Don't tiidae all alike.
The GERMAN AMERICAN TREATMENT,
a Slrlrllr Hclentllla Combination Sel.rttd k Combined eni
Ol 50U0 Ulllrrent Drera. to toll each A erer, lodlftdeel
Cair, If po.ltlrel, tae Only Cure, oo matter nhateoeftr
,onr Allm.nt or Uliee.e nay ha, eaa.e or orlrln, no matter
whs failed. Write, .late eeur Case In etrlct ronMd.npe.
AOiirnonAIIANTI'.F.II. iddreuOLD GERMAN
DOCTOR. ' lloz SS80. I'MlaJelol.la, I'm,
1 WHEN THERE
in your family you of course call
a reliable physician. Don't stop
at thnt; nave his prescriptions
put up nt a reliable pharmacy,
even if it is a little farther from
your home than some other store.
You can find no more reliable
store than ours. It would be im
possible for more care to be taken
in the selection of drugs, etc., or
in the compounding. Prescript
tions brought here, cither night
or day, will be promptly and
accurately compounded by a
competent registered pharmacist
and the prices will be most rea
sonable. O. T. CHAMBERS,
Opp. D. & II. Station, Honesdale. Pa.
Do you need some printing done?
Come to us. If you need some en
velopes "struck off" come to us.
We use plenty of ink on our Jobs.
Civil Service Exams
Heavy Electric Traction
Electric Machine Designer
Contracting and Building
Carpet Designing Architectural Draftsman
Wallpaper Designing Monumental Draftsman
Bookcover Designing Bridge Engineer
Ornamental Design'g Structural Draftsman
Linoleum Designing Structural Engineer
Perspective Drawing Plumbing & Steam Pitting
Lettering Heating and Ventilation
Stationary Engineer Plumbing Inspector
Marine Engineer Foreman , Plumber
Gas Engineer Sheet-Metal Worker
Automobile Running Civil Engineer
Refrigeration Engln'r Surveying and Mapping
Mechanical Engineer R. R. Constructing
Mechanical Draftsman Municipal Engineer
Machine Designer Mining Engineer
Boiler Designer Mine Surveyor
Patternmaking Coal Mining
Toolmaking Metal Mining
Foundry Work Metallurgist
Ocean and Lake Pilot Cotton Manufacturing.
Poultry Farming, and Languages: Italian, French,
German and Spanish.
THE I. C. S. WORK
1. We teach unemployed people the theory of the work in which they want to engage.
RESULTS: Positions easily secured, days of drudgery shortened, and sometimes avoided al
together; quick promotions. !
2. We teach employed people to do their work better. RESULTS: More responsible
positions; better pay.
3. We teach dissatisfied people how to do what is more congenial. RESULTS : Prepara
tion for new work before leaving the old ; rapid progress in the new field.
HOW WE DO IT
1. We furnish all necessary preparatory instruction.
2. We explain facts, principles and processes so clearly that the student quickly compre
hends and easily remembers.
3. We illustrate our text-books thoroughly.
4. We give concise rules and practical examples.
5. We grade our instructions.
6. We criticize and correct our students' written recitations and send him special advice
regarding his course whenever necessary.
OUR LOCATION FOR DOING IT
We occupy three buildings in Scranton, having a floor space of over seven acres,
We employ 2,700 people at Scranton.
We spend $250,000 each year in improving and revising our instruction papers.
We handle about 30,000 pieces of mail daily and our daily postage bill is about
issued about 63 million pages of instruction last year. We received and corrected 8,
attions and positively know that 1,180 students have their wages increased.
'4 liihim - .M-iiirH..: