Newspaper Page Text
Till CITIZEN, FRIDAY, APRIL 14, 1011.
T JEEE , H i
fk-iiiMVcckly Founded 1008; Weekly Founded 1841
l-OHIIUIIED WKDNE8DA1S AND FltlDAYB BV TUB CITIZEN rUDUSHIKU CO.
Kniprpftns secoml-clusa matter, nt tlip iwist'illlce. Honesdale. Pa,
11. II. WITlIEilHKK, -J.M.SMKLTZKK
- MANAGING EIIITOI!
'- ASSOCIATE EDITOR
C. II, DOnfMNOEIl, M B. AI.I.EN, II, WILSON, S. n, HABDENBERnil, W. W. WOOD
Our friends who favor us with contributions, and desire to
have the same returned, should in every case enclose stamps
lor mat purpose.
ONE YEAH, - $1.50 TIIKKi: MONTHS, - '18c.
SIX MONTIIH, .75 - ONE MONTH, - 13c,
Remit by Express Money Order, Draft, Post Olllco Order or Reg
istered letter. Address nil communications to The Citizen. No,
HOiMuin street, Honesdale, I'a.
All notices of shows, or other entertainments held for the purpose
of innklni,' nioney or any Items that contain advertising matter will
only ho admitted to this paper on payment of regular advertising
rates. Notice of entertainments for the henellt of churches or for
cliarltahle purposes where a fee Is churged, will he published at half
rates, uhtusoi maiiKs, memorial poetry ami resolutions oi respeci
will also be charged for at tho rate of u cent it word.
The policy of the The Citizen is to print the local
news in an interesting manner, to summarise the news of the
worla at large, to fight for the right as this paper sees th
right, without fear or favor to the end that it may serve thebest
interests or us reaaers ana the weltare ol the county.
Fill DAY, APRIL I I, 1011.
Kick, and the world klckB with you and you may
'win a prize!
A Missouri preacher has blessed Wall street,
dently Wall street hasn't "shown him."
Sam Loyd, the fnmous puzzle expert, left a fortune
of over $1,000,000. Puzzle how did he do It?
"Every aviator expects to get his bumps sooner or
later," says the Inquirer, but most of them hope It
will be later.
The fact that the theatrical profefslon has added
$9,000 to the fund for the sufferers of the Asch Build
ing New York Are is added proof that the barnstormers
as a class are the most generous hearted people in the
Prof. Clarence Andrews of Amherst College says
swearing is a necessity. How times do change! When
wo were at Amherst swearing was considered more of.
a luxury than anything else.
"Togash for President Taft," headlines the New
York Times. Name of some western political boss, did
you say? No, indeed, its a Hungarian fish, and a sec
ond cousin of that dainty vlande, Hungarian goulash.
If a man is really reliable he doesn't have to
devote much of his time to exploiting that virtue; you
aro watched pretty closely whether you know It or
not. The Atchison Globe. Still lots of men work bet
ter when they know tho boss is round.
Louisville's richest widow, 80 years old, and worth
$1,000,000 is now Mrs. Elizabeth Heasley Maxon Smith
Baumgardner Nevmeyer, Nevmoyer being the name of
her new (get it?) fourth husband, a government gau
ger. Evidently ho can gauge pretty well on his own
Cape Haytien, Hayti, April 11. A feeble-minded
youth of twenty-two years harangued a crowd yester
day in favor of revolution. Last night he was arrested
and this morning he was shot. N. Y. World. Seems
like they do things pretty quick down in Hayti.
The "wo" said to have been used by Edward Hlnes,
in describing tho raising of $100,000 to elect Lorlmer
is not the editorial "wo" by a long chalk.
The editor of the Liverpool Magazine has been
sued for libel by leaders in "Chinatown." Evidently
ho hasn't been minding his p's and quous.
(Continued from Page One.)
ll e act a lot of tun out of this column. We
a ' iranl you to enjoy it alto. I'rimntily tt it run
flock of 4 4 linns, nun nf thorn la nnr. ' 'MB."'".- " "H""' appcart here
"Taft may run down to Texas," warbles the N. Y
v ii uua annuel, uueuuiu iiueuosurv iu insert newsnner i uuuuiii; Willi uiu uyouiry suite rouu. i
advertisements as follows: Will the young lady who sat! Tllls wns afterwards accomplished'
a , effective if the Sproul bill
! Editor Citizen:
W. J. Loy, Ilutledgednle, has
mended. Mayor Kuhbach was au-,"'e m r u . m. ' J. f i nn,?ffinlZi'r hfnt,V',oti'll tffcci-,tAn apoU
thorizod by the council to take the tho 0 llf 8 ilre sotting.' The highest lZllM?Tm'ur'''e nciti,sucof "'"
matter up with tho state. Regard- T?c?,r.d for on day frm the 30 re- we have no uish to hurt anybody's fceltnos.
i vngtuen one. moment or
one finale, item brlnas a
I'lIX lint nyrittpn ,i v,i
in Texas township not signing up1.1"" 't possiuio to ueat that we Presidential Primaries.
lor a str n In t int. tnwnR bin rnn- !" ui' wiubb
x.i. mu; lull uuwu m j vAua, nuiuiua lJt I, umkiui UJJ iiil LJ1U DIUIB, Jiu&uiu- i , n - " " f nine. (IU nun iti ,
Sun Even the man who wouldn't pay $2 for a front j l?" uT SSnlS' coute Sthe SSfflUtt
Boat nt an earthquake might want to see this possible 1 with an obs f those hens at , ""l
regret to say
"Teach the young to work," says Dr. J. L. Elliot, j
What an idea! Doesn't he know that the young are ful-!
ly occupied In teaching their parents that very same
lesson, only more so?
LOY i-nuiuries lor nominations to lue
Smile Club take place everv day.
story Special primary for the election of a
with this Issue of
roads built. It, however, will not bo taken to insure against such articles Editor. He cannot be bribed, cer-
oihuui uiu puosco. ueuig pnnteu m tne luture. talnlv not The vnrv iIph!
to me in the R. R. station yesterday kindly look ?,nd tJ1,BMnyI(ir,saId tllat ir. Hunter, about "Endless Chain Letters" slip- President, begins wltl
, , P , , , lciuu-' nl " 10UK tho State Highway Commissioner, ped into tho last issue of Tho Citi- Tho Citizen All can
he end of her hat pin and see if my left eye is assures Honesdale one of tho first , zeu unknown to us. Steps have been remember the Ma-w
If Woodrow Wilson keeps growing for another year
there will be a giant in the land of Democratic promise
in 1912. The Columbia State. And we'll bet we can
name' the pigmy and the "spieler" for that Democratic
Over 100 men stood in line before the hospital
which offered $25 for a quart of blood. The man who
was successful said after the oporatlon: "It was easy
money." We'll wager that some 7 or 1G paragraphers
will call It blood money Instead.
lie mapped oui to tne council tne The Editor takes this opportunity Just trv It. nncn nnrt rpo wi,t
different roads the latter would 1 to print In full a letter from a Haw- got. You can run on any one of th
cover, if passed, and said there , ley subscriber, and also one from the four tickets Tho Hearty Lauchtor
would be no expense upon tho prop- U. S. Asst. Attorney General in re- ticket (Democratic); tho Gentle
erty owners that it would bo built and1 gard to those nuisances, "Tho End- Gurgle ticket (Republican)- th
maintained by t he state, speaking loss Chain Letters." Loud Guffaw ticket (Socialist): an
of the Sproul bill. The Mayor said We are grateful to the subscriber the Wheeze ticket (Prohibition)
Honesdale had two chances of get- for calling our attention to the artl- There may be as many independent
.....B " wnn v.A.uucu mum Diicuii lijc. A 11 lUllurH 1UUUW
If disclosures in Illinois continue, perhaps In
time Senator Lorlmer will begin to suspect that there
was something wrong about the way in which he was
elected. The Boston Globe. Never can tell. Takes
some people a mighty long time to suspect a glue fac
tory from an odor.
April 30 will see the beginning of a exciting cam
paign for President of the Smile Club. There will be
many candidates and the one who is successful may In
deed be proud of the office. There is honor, glory, and
fame for the man who is elected.
To be President of such a unique club does not
come within the experience of every one The winning
candidate will have the good will and the affection of
The Citizen will welcome any candidate no matter
what his politics.
Thomas Loftin Johnson, to give his full name,
was a strangely contradictory person although he was
a very real man. He is best known as the advocate of
the three cent fare system although he was a street
railway builder himself and made a financial success
out of his business. A Democrat in Congress and a
staunch believer in free trade but he profited enor
mously from the tariff as a steel and iron manufac
turer. He was not a hypocrite and he was sincere in
all tho ideas that he advanced, although assailed on
every hand as a political demagogue. Unwittingly, per
haps, he was the best kind of a press agent that the
City of Cleveland might have secured and tho rapid
Increase in its population is directly due to the adver
tising it received because of the man who was its Mayor
for four terms. He was radical in the extreme and
used violent methods to gain his ends but it is largely
due to his moral courage and force of character that
Cleveland is the comparatively well lighted, well policed
and well built city that it is.
New York's character is improving in the provin
ces. A New England minister has Just denounced the
moral depravity of Philadelphia, San Francisco and Bos
ton, and passed over this city without a word. Edi
torial in New York World. Improving? Not neces
sarily. Perhaps the divine from New England realized
that Now York is hopeless.
A GOOD HXAMPLK.
In the indictment by the New York Grand Jury
of the two partners of the Triangle Waist Company of
whose 700 employees 145 lost their lives in the Asch
Building lire just three weeks ago tomorrow there is
much food for thought. Undoubtedly if these two men
are proven guilty of criminal carelessness, it will have
a speedy and terrific effect upon safeguarding of other
sweat shop factories, because the conviction carries
with it tho possible sentence of 20 years imprisonment.
That it was criminal carelessness or money greed
that kept the doors locked on the ninth floor of that
Ill-fated building must bo admitted by all. That some
body is responsible for giving tho order that kept
those doors locked so that employees might not leave
after work without being searched is also a logical
conclusion. This responsibility can only be dotermn
ed by tho courts. Tho courts and the courts alone
can fix the blame and tho punishment.
The mine calamity at Throop last Friday presents
a similar problem to Pennsylvania. Somebody was
responsible for that terrible loss of life. Ho or they
should be indicted by the Grand Jury and then let the
courts of this state establish the blame and the pun
For once, at any rate, Pennsylvania will do well
to follow New York's example.
PENSIONS FOK BANK CLKItKS.
The First National Bank of New York has adopt
ed a carefully worked out voluntary contributory in
surance scheme for aged or invalided employes. The
pension fund is to be made up of contributions from
the bank and from individuals, together with a three
per cent, deduction from the salaries of those de
siring to become beneficiaries. Eligibility on account
of incapacity begins after fifteen years' service; on
account of old age, after sixty-five years of age and fif
teen years of service.
The amount of the pension is two per cent, of the
average salary for the preceding five years, tho maxi
mum amount being seventy per cent, of the average
salary during employment, or $5,000. If the bene
ficiary has not completed twenty-five years of employ
ment before retirement, the pension is to continue for
as many years as his term of service; if he has com
pleted this number of years it is to continue for life.
An employe's widow or orphan children are to
receive one-half the pension, under the same regula
Hons. In case a contributor leaves the bank before he
is eligible to the pension he is to receive back the full
amount of his contribution without interest. Special
cases can bo provided for at the discretion of the bank.
Francis L. Hine is president of the First National; C. D.
Backus, who is largely responsible for the pension plan.
Is cashier. Tho Survey.
He stated that the State Highway
Commissioner would como to Hones
dale and consult with the council,
that a surveyor would be sent after
which tho different kinds of roads
The following bills were presented
and ordered paid in the usual man
ner: Tax on loans, $45.32; J. B.
Robinson, insurance, $34; Harold
Press Association, statement, $40;
Electric Light company, $2G5.74;
Levi DeGroat, police duty, $50; J.
J. Canlvan, same, $45; Kraft & Con
ger, coal, $29.15; L. Weidner, $29.
13; Bell Telephone, $3.40; F. Trus
cott, stoker, $G.50; John Carroll, as
sistant engineer, $12.50; J. M.
Lyons, engineer, $25; H. Knapp,
street work, $10.50; Morrison &
Canivan, $24.50; Fred Mauer,
$11.52; G. M. Genung, $3.33; total,
tickets as independent candidates, as
. 'r instance tne wa Ha ticket; the
Editor The Citizen: Smile in your sleeve ticket; the
Dear Sir: Since the policy of grab, ain't that funny ticket; the
your paper seems not to be in har- Snort ticket, etc., etc., etc. Of course
mony with publishing such as the the Vice President will be elected o
enclosed clipping from your issue tho Grouch ticket,
of April 7, viz: to serve the best in- All votes must be in by 12 o'clock
terest of Its readers. I enclose for noon, Juno 16.
your information an official letter Campaign expenses of the success
just received from the Postofilco De- ful candidates will be printed in de
partment, Washington, D. C, with a ' tail, with the exception of such iteme
request that you will publish the , as doz smoked superfine gold ban
same, and suggest that you also add, . cigar for the editor; cost of pleasure
Exchances nlenso rnnv." wMMi nrlii i trin tn i.irin. mtn ....
iu ll Tlllfa a Willi LU DUU11U CUllUr
Exchanges please conv." which will
be of interest to the reading public,
together with a warning against
ALL CHAIN LETTERS until thor
Since "Fool Killers" aro not equal
to the demand of the population
that is developing so many crack-
orainea citizens who originate such
utterly silly and useless things, it is
The bill of $150 for horse hire for the duty of the stronger tn nrntprt
the steamer was laid on the table tin- the weaker, and newspapers have a
til the next meeting. i wide opportunity. Having been the
Treasurer Penwarden reported recipient of many similar letters
that he was short $54.14 on pay- which were frauds and nuisances, I
ment of current bills. He was in- sent a copy like the enclosed to
structed to confer with the tax col- Washington and received just what
ector. I expected, that I enclose with stamp
Road Discussion. I for its return, as I have further use
The remander of the session of for it in protecting others. Since
the council, after the bills had been there is no money consideration ex
paid was devoted to the discussion cept stationery and stamps, it seems
of good roads, principally Main , a small thing, but even this with
street in reference to the proposed , the time it requires, is worth saving,
improvement which the county com-1 and the enlightenment should be
would be submitted and then it given, that the people may not be
would be left with the council to : deceived. Presumably tho object is
decide. i to secure names and addresses nf
on tendency of campaign; auto ride
around the block; 1 pair bedroom
slippers with "Vote for Me" on the
soles; 1 free shave and hair cut for
tho editor, 1 season fare in the trol
ley line for the editor, etc., etc.
Every man, woman and child U
Wayne county may cast as many
votes as they wish. Repeaters 'will
not be dealt with according to the
law. Now, then, get busy and heave
your ballots for the People's choice
for President and Vico President of
the Smile Club.
The following were clipped and
contributed by an anonymous friend
who wishes to add to the gayety of
Citizen subscribers. Him wo thank
for we got a good laugh ourselves
and we hasten to pass it along:
Senator John W. Kern, of Indiana,
tells a good story at the expense of
the late Senator Dan Voorhees, a
great character in his home. It was
Voorhees' boast that more Hoosier
Brick pave was discussed, but it to the originaters,
Democrats thnn nnnnbHcn
people which might serve a purpose I listed in the Union army during the
was felt that it would be ad
vlsable to first consult the property
oyners and get their view before
any action might be taken. Mr.
Canivan suggested that a special
meeting be called for some evening
Believing you will see tho reason
ableness of the request, I am
. Very respectfully,
P. J. TAFT-TUTTLE.
for the property owners on Main Office of the Ass't Attorney General,
siiubl io meet in tne town halt and; Washington, April 5, 1911.
express their opinions. Mayor Kuh-' Penina J. Taft-Tuttle,
bach said if the council waited until Hawley, Pa.
the next meeting that by that time' Madam: In answer to your letter
it would be known what bills passed. ' of the 3rd Instant, you are advised
The matter of sewerage, gas and that cancelled nostace stamns lmvp
water pipings was fully discussed no value to the Government, and
by the members of the council. The such stamps are not purchased bv
the Postofilco Department. Letters
atldressed to Miss Mills, The Coving
ton, Philadelphia, are refused at the
place of address and disposed of by
me rusimasier as unaeiiverable.
R. P. GOODWIN,
Assistant Attorney General.
meeting then adjourned.
(Continued from Page One.)
Wednesday saw the first of the two occasions when
the base ball critiques sounds like an epithet hurled
at the empire? doesn't It slip onto tho front pages of
the evening dailies and lot looso a lot of printed en
thusiasm anent the opening of tho season. The other
occasion is but pshaw, you can guess it without our
The pennant fight in both of the major leagues
and of inumerable smaller leagues all over the coun
try is on at last. Men may come and men go but
strikes go on forever, that is unless the batter connects
with tho spereoid In which case It goes still farther.
That the Interest In baseball Is something more
than a mere subject for jest is shown by the fact that
over 7,000,000 fans witnessed the games of the two
associations last year. Baseball is tho national game
without a rival and at least one of the attributes of
Amoricanisms stands behind tho sport, namely, the
spirit of the clean, fine, square, fair, deal.
It is gratifying to note that this town has such
bright prospects of a rattling good team this season.
Wo wish them every success and our earnest hope
Is that they will receive sufficient support to enable
them to go after and capture the pennant of the North
eastern league of Pennsylvania!
JUDGE'S RETIREMENT BILL.
This bill has just passed the Senate and we hope
before the close of the session it will be made a law.
Public provision should certainly be made for judges
and the state of Pennsylvania can most certainly afford
to take care of its judges as well as any largo corpora
tion takes care of Its employees.
Judges in this state are not over paid. The salar
ies, while fairly large, are not enough to allow them
to save sufficient to live on as they advance in years.
To keep up the dignity of their office they are com
pelled to expend a certain amount of money which eats
up most of their salaries. The very position that they
occupy keeps them from engaging in any business pur
suits and thus the only provision for the old age is
Retirement at a certain age limit should be made
obligatory by law and a decent pension should be al
lowed to tho judges who are thus retired.
A judge is an employee of the commonwealth just
as other men aro employees of business organizations.
It Is coming to be more and moro a recognized and
adopted method of pensioning employees who have giv
en to business organizations many years of usefulness
and wlio are at last somewhat Inefficient becauso of old
Tho state can and ought to follow along tho same
lino experience everywhere Is Justifying the value of
these business pensions and wo believe that experience
would also Justify the experiment In the case of the
We hope that this bill will pass and that the learn
ed and dignified men who have given their time to the
state may not lose any of their dignity when advancing
years render them less capable of judicial filling their
very jealous of their constitutional
privileges to vote separately and dis
tinctly in every matter of interna
tional relation. Still, the world
moves. Civil service reform was
looked upon as Utopian thirty years
ago, and many measures looking to
ward the purification of governmen
tal and commercial relations have
been accomplished even in tho last
It is expected that there will Iip
iio little presidential electioneering
and manouverlng in Washington
during the present extra session. It
is signincant that tho Bryan in
nuence has been considerably
strengthened in both houses of Con
gress, both by elimination and addi
tion since . March 4. Manv of his
friends have been added to both the
House and tho Senate, while some
who are opposed to him are no lon
ger in power in Washington. It is
nut inougnt that Mr. Bryan expects
iu uu more man miiuence the nomi
nation of a Democratic candidate.
It is thought that he favors Wilson.
of New Jersey. It is known that he
does not favor Harmon, Ohio.
Champ Clark, the Democratic Speak
er, has been talked of as a presiden
tial possibility, but he. has talked so
much himself and so imprudently in
his long and mediocre political ca
reer, mat it is doubtful If he will be
considered as an available candidato
by those of the party with whom
judgment prevails. LaFolIette, of
Wisconsin, is much talked of as the
probable Republican nominee for
the presidency, and the race Is now
supposed to lie between him, Taft
and Roosevelt. Senator LaFolIette
is conspicuous for his criticism of
wio transier or tne army to the Mex
ican border. He denounces it as
unnecessary and as an extravagant
waste of public funds, but it Is
probable that the figures will dem
onstrate that the army can be as
eusuy maintained along the Rio
Grande as at the various stations
from which it was entrained, and
surely tho experience of mobiliza
tion and the exercise of camp life
cannot do otherwlsn th nn 1 mnrnuft
the efficiency of a force enervated,
nv Inni In n nil.. ft.. mi .. 1
j o mui.uiiij, i uui u was tne
same necessity for moving the army
that tuere was in Roosevelt's ad
ministration to send the navy
around the world, and nossiblv nthpr
reasons that Senator LaFolIette and1
some others have not yet found out. i
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
Hie Kind You Have Always Bough)
PURE RICH BLOOD
CS. W. Peil Sells a Prescription That
.Means Visor, Vim, Vitality.
uecause MI-O-NA causes the
blood to get better and more nour
ishment it Is at all times a valuable
tonic. It puts vigor into the mus
cles, clears up the improperly nour
ished brain and makes strong nerves
that will stand the severest test.
Men who feel that their vitality
is supping away; that the vim and
energy that they formerly put into
an tneir worn is lacking; that am
bitious impulses and clever ideas do
not come as they used to are the
Kinu or men that need MI-O-NA.
These are the kind of men tlmt.n
month's treatment will put in fine
Besides being a peerless remedy
for indigestion MI-O-NA is a most
pronounced tonic. It makes tho skin
clear and clean; it puts color in the
cheeks and causes dull eyes to
If you have that blue, discontent
ed feeling through the day and pass
restless nights, trying unsuccessful
ly to get a refreshing sleep, take a
(month's treatment of MI-O-NA
stomach tablets and bring the sun
shine into your life that health and
happiness always bring.
MI-O-NA costs but 50 cents at G.
W. Pell's and druggists everywhere.
Guaranteed to cure Indigestion and
Immediately relieve all stomach mis
ery. or money back.
BEWJ. H. JITTR1CH, - - - lessee k
GALLA EASTER ATTRACTION
Monday, April 17
Delamatcr and Norris
Tho J?uiuiy Musical Farce
filrls.Vi iJ lent? of Lauuhs. 311 times at
tho Whitney Theatre, Chicago.
Seat Sale, Saturday, April 15, 0 a. m.
rebellion. In one of his speeches he
made the assertion in an emphatie
way. Greatly to Voorhees' embar
rassment a Democrat in one of the
front rows sprang to his feet and
began to shout: "Yes, it's true," he
vociferated. "Gol darn it, they
"Go ask papa," the maiden said.
Tho young man knew her pa was
Ho also knew the life he'd led,
And understood her when she said,
"Go ask papa."
Somebody signing themselves
"For the Love of It," wants to join
the Smile Club, and the ? arises
"What shall we do with, lads?"
"Ftlol" sends these:
If Dick Bracey had a boil would
Blanche Pelrce it.
If he had no teeth could Bernard
When your shave is over is Will
You ought to see the stingy little
hunk of paper this breezed in on:
If Lee Fie is well known in China,
is Fred Le Strange in Germany?
The daughter of S. F. Wells wants
to know Witherbeeing a Hardenburg
Wood be any better than Wllsonville
arid to let Dorflinger the answer Just
to keep tho Balia Rowland.
F. S. Keene Joined the club with
Two men of Ariel went fishing.
Dr. White got a six pound bass, what
We'll bite. What's the answer
C. H. Dorflinger wants to pay his
way into the Smile club with this.
Shall we let him? While at a hotel in
Scranton, eating luncheon I overhead
a conversation between a guest and a
waiter at the table opposite. The
guest was looking at the menu anil
came to the item "Chicken Hash."
"How's the hash?" he said to the
"Well, sah, Ah dunno, sah."
"Don't know? Aren't you the
"Jassah, Ah'so de waltah."
"And you can't tell me about th
"No, sah, Ah shorelv d
"Well, but tell me Just one thing:
"Is it fresh?" Tho black tnn
Ah dunno. sah. v'see Ah vp nnlv
been heah 2 months."
FOR COUNTV SUPERINTENDENT.
To the School Directors of Wayne
I hereby announce myself to you
as a candidate for tho office of Coun
ty Superintendent of Schools.
CLARENCE H. PENNELL.
Uswlck, Pa. 29t3
Endless "Chain" Letter.
Thero is a now chain letter cir
culating among our people asking
that ten cancelled postage stamns be
sent to a Miss Mills in Philadelphia
to help establish a children's ward.
It has been investigated and found
to bo a fraud. Tho postofilco au
thorities in Philadelphia say that no
such porson Is known at tho address
NOTICE Ol- ADMINISTRATION,
LEE CALVIN SMITH,
Late of Lake Township,
All persons Indebted to said estato are notl-
fled to make Immediate payment to thoun-
dcrslencdMiiid those havlnc claims aealiiBt
,ti,.J'!il.(Lla1te,are1ftt,"lei1 Present them
duly attested, for settlement.
Ariel. Pa.. April 8, 1911. KleC"of(i