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THK 01H7.KN. PHIDAY, JANUARY 14, 1010.
A Real Home for Every One,
with the State Acting as a
HAVE NO ASYLUMS OVER THERE
Chicago Physicians Contrasts the Two
Systems to the Great Disadvantage
of Ours The State's Guardian
Band Reasonable and Humane.
Chicago. Dr. Dayard Holmes, a
Chicago physician, in au article en
titled "A Continent Without an Or
phan Asylum," attacks the methods
of caring for orphans in the United
States and lauds the Australian sys
tem as ideal. He says in part:
"In all things, social as well as geo
graphical, is the Commonwealth ot
Australia antipodal to us. The com
mon law of England prevails there,
modified by 301 years of English and
a less number of Australian common
souse. Our statutes, It not our State
Constitutions, make our common law
rest where the English common law
was In 1607. But more than this, Aus
tralia has a flexible Constitution, and
a people who demand decent and rea
sonable legislation and Its honest exe
cution. "This is illustrated most compre
hensively by the treatment of the
fatherless and motherless Infant. In
all this great continent embracing 3,
000,000 square miles and this federa
tion of seven commonwealths there is
not an orphan or an orphan asylum,
there is not a baby farm or a found
ling asylum, there is not a private
eleemosynary body exploiting the fa
therless and motherless. No commun
ity in that great continent has its feel
ings, sentiments, or complacency out
raged by periodic exposures of tho
enormous death rates in monastery
like structures where children are
huddled In the name of charity.
"It Is this way: Every fatherless
and motherless child is a child of the
State. The Children's Council, which
is a department of State, at once pro
vides a father and mother for the
child of the State. Suppose a baby is
found by the police. It is at once
talcn to the homo of a woman desig
nated by tho Children's Council for
that service In that precinct. Tho
nc:ct day the child is taken before
tie Judge of the Juvenile Court, when
tfco necessary lrga1 records are made.
The proper otllcer of tho Children's
Council then places the child in the
arms of a foster mother, who cares
for and nurses the child.
Every week the olllcer of the coun
cil visits the Infant, and at regular
intervals the council physician and a
voluntary organization sends also its
visitor with delicacies in the way of
clothing. Records are kept at tho
oDlce of the council, and the foster
mother Is paid from the treasury of
the council a weekly stipend.
"As the infant grows older he is
placed in a home, preferably In the
country, where the bame inspection
continues and a smaller stipend is I
paid Tho child goes to school and
tho teacher reports to the Children's
Council as to a parent. At last tho
child hires out to work a part of each
year The salary is depojited in tho
Postal Savings Dank to the child';!
credit The regular schooling con
tinues, however. The child becomes
ambitious, wishes to go a trade school
or to a preparatory school. He ap
plies to the Children's Council for
permission to draw Ills savings from
the bank for that purpose. The Coun
cil acts as a parent would.
"No more Interesting or heart
warming literature can be read than
the formal and perfunctory reports of
the Children's Council. But we go
on hero tulldlng stone and brick or
phan asylums in which the death rate
is incredible nmoug tho children. The
Baptist, the Methodist, and every oth
er Christian denomination ctill has its
orphan asylum, conducted by a board,
and funds are called for in the name
of charity, if not in tho name of
Ci.rlst, The reports do not show the
death rate, tho terrible condition of
the survivors mutilated by the infect!
ous diseases and dwarfed by Inst.ui
"When these same children brought
up In hotel-like structures arrive at
an ago when they ought to be self
bapporting they are forced out Into a
i o;ld of which they know nothing.
liiey cannot build a lire. All or light
u kerosene lamp, cook the simplest
ir.c 1 or do the commonest chores.
Tho boys cannot do tho barn work,
te girls cannot do the housework of
a common home.
"Neither make good servants, and
in tho factory they can run only the
tinniest machines. Thoy aro neither
strong, quick, nor well. They are ir
reparably unfitted for modern or other
"Wo aro richer than Australia.
Can't we bo as reasonable and as hu
mane? Every child Is entitled to a
mother, a father and a homo."
Lives In Two Towns at Once,
Wlnsted, Conn. Uurr needier pays
ono-half of tho taxes on his house to
this town and on the other half to tho
town of Norfolk, because his homo
stands In both. He eats in one town
and sleeps in the other. His bed is
so situated in an upstairs chamber
that oftentimes he goes to sleop la
Norfolk and awakes In the morning
GARES FOR ORPHAN
In tiiU town.
I A Woman' OatI).
' "Do 1 hollmu u woman under
, onth?" commented n Judge whoso
n.ir.u- has figured prominently In
i many big cases. "Well," and there
wan a twinkle In the judicial eye.
"I'll tell you what 1 know about wo
men In thnt connection and perhaps
,ou can figure It out for yourself
If a woman likes a lawyer or the
I Judge or the defendant at tho bar
I or any one who happens lo bo related
to hlni. she will swear to anything
that she thinks will help hlni win tils
iiise. Not purposely, certnlnly, 'jut
that's the peculiar kink in a woman's
mind. Whatever she wants to bo
lu ve she does believe and honestly
believes it to be true, and the same
Is good ot the opposite proposition.
If sho dislikes a man nothing she can
say will bo too bnd for him; if she
likes him sho enn't say anything
good enough. Now, do you still
want an answer to that question?"
The San Francisco Call.
New York Is not the only great
city outside of China Itself which can
boast a Chinatown of Its own.
Within twenty minutes of the
Bnnk of England are to be found
narrow lanes and alleys that for pic.
turesquene.ss and oriental character
are almost equal to the streets of the
land of the "yellow man" -itself.
Mmhouse Is the homo of John
Chinaman In London. There, with
in a stone's throw of the great Jocks,
are to be found rows of narrow
streets containing small but clean
shops, over which are to be read
such names as Wnh-hup. W. Shlng,
Ahon, and Lum Gut Wah, supple
mented by quaint inscriptions .n
Chinese characters which, beln ln'.er.
preted read thus: "Prosperity by
honesty" and "Righteous prosperity"
arc the mottoes of the occupants
"Juck Tar'' Newspapers.
Several of the big ships in the
United States Navy have their own
newspapers. On board tho Kentucky
is printed The Kentucky Budget, a
semi-monthly paper. The Louisiana
Is responsible for Tho Pelican, which
Is Issued monthly. The battleship
Ohio has The Buckeye. Tho West
Virginia boasts of The Ditty Box.
The Badger is printed monthly on
the Wisconsin. All of the above
papers are issued by the enlisted men
of the ships. The aim of each Is
identical to make life aboitd the
ship more agreeable, and to give the
friends of civil life an outline of
naval doings and ot the brighter
Hide of naval life. Washington Post.
Camel Her Pets.
The Czar's one and only great
aunt, the Grand Duclie-s of Alexan-dra-Josefovna
of Russia, bought two
pairs of camels some years ago while
on a visit to the Caucasus, and 'at
her lovely place outside St. Peters
burg she devotes much of her time
ench summer to her somewhat un
common pets. She has now no fewer
than 17 of the animals and several
zoological gardens in various Rus
sian towns have been presented with
camels bred on the Grand Duchess'
Woman, as the uncivilized sex, has
to wait for the vote; but she waits
with surprising patienco for mauy
things more easily attainable in twentieth-century
London. Why Is it that
at all our great railway stations but
two she must wash her hands in cold
water, while men have hot, as a mat
ter of course? Why is it that she
cannot get her boots cleaned when
she comes to town on a wet day un-.
less she goes to a large draper's
shop, which may be a mile out of
her way? Westminster Gazette.
How grave a national risk defect
ive teeth may become was sufllclent
ly evidenced by the enormous wast
age during tho South African war,
owing to the number of men who
lacked sufllclent teeth to mnstlcato
ordinary food, and to tho same came
is due a largo proportion, if not tho
majority, of the rejections of other,
wise suitable army recruits at tho
present time. British Medical Jour,
A Creek freedtnan faker, In order
to sell the land ot his wife and four
children, took the buyer out to the
cemetery and pointed out five head,
stones bearing the names of his fain,
lly. Tho man who holds tho sack has
discovered that tho woman and
children are very much allvo, and Is
huutlng for tho slick negro with a
shotgun. Kansas City Journal.
Increase of Klectrlo Itoads.
Thu first electric roads wore opon
ud in 1889 in Klchmond. Vn., Alle
gheny. Pa., and Washington. D. C.
Iu 1002, tho total numbor of lines
In tho Unltod States was 797, with
a mileage of 22,577 miles. In 1890
thore wero only 8,123 mlloB of street
railroads, of which seven-tenths still
UFod animal power. In 1902 97 per
cent used electric power.
They Aro Going Fast.
Since 1890 when the Grand Army
of tho Ilepubllc had 409,489 mem
bers enrolled, its numerical strength
has been cut down almost one-half.
There are only about 212,000 com
rades uow. Tho losseB by death run
un to 9.000 or 10,000 a year. Thero
Is practically no cbauco to gain re
CHICAGO WOMEN GIBLE
Law and Order League Scouts Find
Them Playing Cards In
Groups of 100.
Chicago. "Oh, we're pinched! They
This shout from an excited woman
started n hurried exodus from Douglas
Pavilion Hall, Cottage Drove avonuo
and Thirty-fifth street, as Detectives
Frank Hulse and F. N. Hanchett, of
the Chicago Law and Order League,
broke In upon more than one hundred
women preparing to sit dewn to card
About half the crowd had departed
when Hulse said to Mrs. Richard E.
Finn, who wns In charge: "We don't
claim to bo policemen; we aro con
nected with the Law and Order
"Well, what are you doing here?"
demnnded Mrs. Finn, and Hulse re
plied: "Wo are here to see that tho
law is not violated."
"Oh, please go away and let us
play again;" and similar pleaB were
made by a score of women who
formed a semi-circle around tho two
detectives. Wo don't play poker; Just
euchre and bridge whist for china."
But Hulse was obdurate. Finally,
the women got their heads together
and decided to play anyhow. And thoy
The detectives were given a lot of
Jibes. "You fellows would soon go
out and lose yourselves If we hand
ed over five spots," nil of which they
took good-naturedly. At No. G4 11
Wentworth avenue they entered a hall
where fifty women were playing
"Don't stop the games" urged a tall
auburn-haired woman. "We have just
as much right to play cards as the
"And I heard that the stock yards
police said they couldn't touch us for
just playing for prizes" cried another.
"This gambling among women ot all
classes here," said Arthur Burrage
Farwell, of the league, "ha3 taken
such a strong hold upon them that
they neglect their homes and families.
Some of them play both afternoon
and evening, and we shall be com
pelled to arrest some of them before
they will stop."
Directory Gives Catholic Population
of the United S'.?tes as 14,235,451.
Wllwaukee. Wis. -There are 14,233.
451 Rouian Catholics in the United
States, according to advance sheets
of the 1008 "Wlltzlus Catholic Direc
tory." The directory figures Include
adults and children.
According to tne directory there
are 16,003 Catholic priests and 12,923
Catholic ehu.'ches in the United
States. There are eighty ecclesiasti
cal seminaries, with 5.CS7 students.
There are 213 universities and col
leges for boys and 708 academies for
girls. The directory shows 4,703 paro
chial schools, wltu the number of
children in attendance rated at 1,
107,913, and 290 Catholic orphan asy-'
lums In which 44.9GG orphans are
cared for. Including children In paro
chial schools, orphans in tho orphan
asylums and the young persons In
the institutions' for higher education
there are 1,397,348 children being edu
cated In Catholic institutions.
The Catholic hierarchy of tho coun
try at present consists of the Apos
tolic Delegate, one Cardinal, thirteen
Archbishops, ninety Bishops, two
Archabbots, sixteei. Abbots and one
Prefect Apostolic. Tho Catholic popu
lation of the twenty leading dioceses,
according to the latest statistics, is
Nev York, 1,219,920; Chicago, 1.
150,000; Boston, 850,000; Brooklyn,
700,000; New Orleans, 525.000. Phila
delphia, 525,000, Pittsburg, 425,000;
St Louis, 375,000; Hartford, 305,000;
Newark, 305,0oO; Cleveland. 330.000;
Springfield, 32.121; Detroit, 2C7.000;
Scranton, 205,000; St. Paul, 2G0.000;
Baltimore, 255,000; San Francisco,
250,000; Buffalo, 244,739; Milwaukee,
235,000; Provldcace, 222,000.
KILLED A GIANT BEAR.
Arkansas Hunters Bag a Beast That
Weighs 650 Pounds.
Llttlo Itock, Ark. A bear weighing
C50 pounds was killed by a party of
hunters from Llttlo Hock on tho north
bank ot White River In Desha county
Tho bear measured 32 Inches
around tho necY and 7 feet 9 Inches
from tip to tip.
The bear was killed by Ed. War
rington. Tho animal whipped elev-
en aogs in iiiiccu minutes uuu iuru
one of tho hounds to pieces.
END OF A LONG EXILE.
General Who Helped to Defeat Maxi
milian Returns to Mexico.
Mexico City, Mexico. Gon. Rafael
Ilonavldes, who was in commnnd of
the Mexican forces which recaptured
the port and city of Vera Cruz from
Maximilian in 18C7 aftor a siege of
110 days, arrived horo from tho Unit
ed States. Ho had beon there ever
since his victory at Vera Cruz, forty
one years ago. Ho had not visited
Mexico during that period.
Yaquls Taken Into Mexican Army.
Mexico City, Mexico. Gen. Torres,
Governor of Sonora, telegraphs thnt
Chief Bulo, of the Yaqul Indians, with
several hundred of his followers, have
surrendered, and that In consider
tlon of that surrender Chief Bulo haB
been made an officer in the Mexican
army and provided with a body guard
of sixty-five of his former followers,
equipped and maintained at the gov.
0PERHII0K1 A MIDGET
Mrs. Ramsey, orty-slx Inches Tall,
and Her Tiny Baby Alive,
Well and iicgrotalng.
Phlladelnhla. -Surgical experts are
marvelling over tho wonderful out
come of a Caesarian operation per
formed on Mrs. Lawrence A. Ram
sey, who, threo weeks afterward, re
ceived 'aer friends, and showed them
the tlDy baby.
Seldom do both mother and child
survive this critical operation when
tho former Is of normal stature, and
Mrs. Ramsey, who Is twenty-five years
old, weighs only fifty-soven pounds,
and Is only forty-six Inches tall. Lit
tle Miss Ramsey weighed four pounds
at birth. Her parents are the midget
team In vaudeville, known as Wcls
and Ramsey, tho mother, as "Queen
ot the Lilliputians," being well known
all over tho country. She wbb mar
ried to Ramsey about a year ago.
Mrs. Ramsey toid her triends of
the operation an-' said:
"I sat up in ten days afterward. On
the flfteonth day I walked, and a few
days later 1 left the hospital. Tho care
they gave mo was lovely, and I was
such an unusual case that ever so
many doctors and surgeons came to
see me, and they wero all very kind
and considerate, and said it was so
strange they would not have believed
It If they had not seen for themselves."
HUNT FOR MEANEST MAN ENDS,
Sarcastic Mount Vernon Shopkeeper
Fined and Sign Must Come Down.
White Plains. N. Y. Old Scrooge
might be a philanthropic Carnegie
alongside certain tightwads in Mount
Vernon, but William Frledberg has no
license to determine publicly who are
the men who would squeeze a dollar
until the eagle yelled "Help! I'm melt
ing!" For conSucting a voting con'
test to determine the meanest man in
Mount Vernon Friedberg, who keeps
a cigar store there, was lined $5 by
Judge Piatt here. A warning went
with the fine.
Friedberg lives i Astoria, but does
business in Mount Vernon. He placed
in his window a placard: "Come in
and vote for the meauest man in
Mount Vernon!" This was followed
by a list of names. Conspicuous in
the lot were tho Mayor and Chief ot
Police. Then ;ame many solid and
staid citizens. After every name was
a number signifying the otes the
owner of the name had rf eived so
Great was the wrath o! the so
called "meanostMiei ." Friedberg was
ordered to take the sign out of tho
window, but he refused to do so. His
Indictment for libel followed. In
court -j pleaded guilty, but asserted
he did not know he was violating any
A Storj ol Fin.
Figures collected by the I.tternaL
lonal Society of State and Municlpa.
Building Commissioners and Inspect
ors show that every week, on an
average, fires in the United States
burn up three theatres, three public
halls, twelve churches, ten schoolB,
two hospitals, two asylums, two "col.
leges," six apartment houses, three
department stores, two jails, twenty
six hotels tho ilres at seashore re
sorts this summer will raiso the hotel
average 140 "flat" houses, and ,1,
C00 single dwelling houses. Such a
record of waste is bad, but it Is not
surprising In a land of wooden build,
lngs. Moreover, many of the build
ings destroyed would have been torn
down If they had not burned. A
countryman who suffered from a
slight lire said he had lost two houses
and threo barns If you counted the
dog houses, the chicken house, and
the cow shed. In such lists as the
foregoing a house is a house, be it
ever so worthless, und a "college
may call Itself so even If it occupies
but three rooms and does most ot its
business by mall. Tho Youth's Com
panion. Tho Kuiser's Rhinoceros.
The Emperor Menellk's present to
tho kaiser of a rhinoceros and a lion
1b a gift with much precedent to
support It. Shortly after hor acces
sion to the throno Queen Victoria
received from the Sultan of Morocco
a lioness, a leopard, a pair of ostrich
es, and a pair ot gazelles, duly de
posited in Regent's Park. Apart,
moreover, from tliolr personal gifts
to each other, tho soverlgns of many
countries have contributed from
time to time to the public and pri
vate collections in Croat Britain. To
the menagerie which formerly stood
on tho site of tho National Gallery
the Duke of York prosented a wild
cat from Bangalore, tho King of
Ashanteo a leopard, nnd William IV
an emu. To the gnruens at uegom s
Park tho English royal family has
ulways been an abundant contributor,
in addition to tho rulers for tho
time being of Russia, Italy, Portugal,
Egypt, and other countries. Dundee
Produce England Gets.
Consul l' W. Mahlu of Notting
ham reports that tho value of refrlg.
orated produce annually Imported
into Great Britain is now close to
$200,000,000, about half ot which
comes from tho British colonies. Tho
United States and South America
each contrlbuto some $30,000,000
worth, Russia about $13,000,000
worth, tho remainder being distrib
uted among several countries. Tho
greatest value is ot butter and cheese
about $75,000,000. Beet is next,
nearly $50,000,000; mutton, $30,
000,000, eggs, over $10,000,000.
SHEEP LEADS A DANCE.
(Heads the Gran. March at Butchers
Wilmington, Del. At the annual
ball of tho Wholcsalo and Rplnll
Butchers' Association tho grand
march was led by a sheep.
The sheep, which readily obeys tho
.ord of command. Is a pet owned by
H. T. Dc:ry. It was decorated with
gold and stiver trimmings, and rs the
orchestra struck up tho opening
strains of tho march tho sheep strut
ted down thu ballroom floor followed
by the long line of men and women
in attendance. Tho animal led the
marchers through tho figures of
inarch without a mistake.
COAL FIELJC WILL LAST
Expert Geologls' Says Pennsylvania
Mines Are Good for 80 Years.
Now York Cit. Prof. Wm. Grlfllth
a Pennsylvania mining expert and
geologist, a witness In the suit of the
government against the anthracite
coal carrying railroads, estimates the
supply of coal under grounu in tho
Pennsylvania fields at 2,229.201.650
tons and would last only about 84
years. He mado this estimate for the
banking firm of Harvey Fisk & Sons,
who wanted to know conditions before
buying ccal bond
The Minister ons Oven-Is.
Marcellne, Mo. This town a short
time since voted out saloons. Rev.
Chas. E. Petree gave great Influence
In ridding tho community of these
places, and as he was walking down
tho street he passed by where the
fixtures of the ' White Elephant" were
being loaded in drays awaiting ship
ment. Tho saloonkeeper, seeing him,
asked the preacher If he would vote a
man out of town, and then refuse to
help him move. Rev. Petree went
home, put on a pair of overalls, and
was soon back helping to load the
Woman Plans Tramp In Africa.
London. Miss Charlotte Mansfield,
a young writer, sailed for Cape Town
with the Intention of starting on a
lonely tramp of eight thousand miles
toward Cairo. Two thousand miles ot
the Journey will he through the lid
of Central Africa. Miss Mansllf'd's
only escort will be thirty native rr
rlers. A DOLLAR. SPENT AT HOME
Is a Dollar Thnt May Come Bach
to Your Purse - J
Doctors Say Eat Less Meat"
Most people eat too much meat.
Any doctor will tell you that. It is wrong to have meat every day.
Then, meat is expensive. And it soon grows monotonous. Por there are
only a few ways to cook it
So, for the sake of health nnd economy for the sake of variety you
should frequently serve something else.
And there's nothintr your folks will like better, instead of meat, than
Beardsley's Shredded Codfish.
Kor this is one of the choicest foods in existence. Indescribably delight
ful in flavor. It is the shredded meat of the finest fish all the world's water
Costs One-Foa rth
Tnere's a lull meal for five hungry pco-
Ele in every package of Beardsley's
Yet the cost is only 10 cents.
Enough meat for five cosU fully four or
five times ns much.
And this is richer in food value more
strengthening and nourishing.
It contains 22 per cent protein Sirloin
steak only 17 percent Ham only 14.
Easier To Cook
Beardsley's Shredded Codfish is less
bother to cook than meat
THE PACKAGE WITH THE RED BAND
Una with w.x-puprr. N pmirnlln
whatetrr, Ihe purtt i Hi "
Alo parked la tin nil !.
The Era of New Mixed Paints !
This year opeiu witli a deluge of now mixed paints. A con
dition brought about by our enterprising dealors to get some kind
of a mixed paint that would supplant CHILTON'S MIXED
PAINTS. Their compounds, being now and heavily advertised
may find a sale with tho unwary.
orT'CHILTOH'S MIXED PAINTS
Is JADWIN'S PHARMACY.
There aro reasons for tho nre-eminenco of CHILTON PAINTS.
1st No one can mix a bettor mixed paint.
2d Tho painters declare that it works easily and has won
dorful covering qualities.
3d Chilton stands back of it, and will agree to ropaint,at his
own oxpenso.overy surface painted with Chilton Paint that
4th Those who have U6ed it aro porfectly satisfied with it,
and recommend its use to others.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
Hie Kind You Have Always Bought
Designer and Man
Office and Works
1036 MAIN ST.
ITONPQTiAT E PA
For New Late Novelties
SPENCER, The Jeweler
"Guaranteed articles only sold."
It is ready to cook the instant you open
And you can have it ready to serve
cooked to the Queen's taste in less time
than it takes to make codec.
Beardsley's Shredded Codfish means
pleasing variety in meals.
There are dozens of tempting new ways
to serve it
You can have it at least once a weelc
the whole winter through and never serve
it twice alike.
Just to give your folks a change, serve
Beardsley's Shredded Codfish tomorrow
See if they don't say they would rather
have it than meat for breakfast or lunch.
There is other codfish inpacVages. But
none hall as good as this. For Beardsley's
is the only Shredded Codfish. Our
wonderful Shredding Process is patented.
So please see that you get Beardsley's
the package with the red band.
Froe Book of Recipes
Ask your grocer for our book of tempt
ing new recipes. Or write us we will
end you the book, anil with it a generous
sample of Beardsley's Shredded Codfish.
J. W. Beardsley's Sons
474-478 Greenwich St., New York