The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, December 15, 1909, Image 3

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1 ,
10. The rain of the early week and
the snow of last week have not done
much towards replenishing the
springs and the streams of North
eastern Pennsylvania. Conditions
hereabouts in this respect have not
been equalled by those experienced
since the drought of 1908, followed
by that of the past summer and fall,
which cast Its blight upon the seep
ing hillsides and meadow lands
which have made Wayne county
famous as a country of lakes and
noverfalllng springs and small
streams. These and wells, not alone
In Pleasant Mount township but in
all the adjacent territory, have nev
er been so low.
At the Wayne Fish Hatchery,
which lies In the upper valley of
the Lackawazen creek, Just over the
first hill from this village towards
the Ontario and Western railroad,
the conditions have been and still
are alarmingly serious. The entire
creek at the present day under a
twelve-inch pressure could be run
through a 2-inch pipe, and the wa
ter is so Impure that In the past four
months the Hatchery has suffered
a loss of about fifteen thousand
breeding trout. Unless more and
copious rains fall, and there docs
not appear much hope for such in
this freezing weather, the entire
stock of breeding trout may be lost.
On October 8th, Commissioner
W. E. Meehan made a visit of in
spection of the conditions at the
Wayne hatchery. He decided to at
once put down an artesian well for
the purpose of supplying water to
the trout ponds to prevent the loss
by death of the breeding trout. W.
L. Barton, of Olyphant, was later
awarded the contract for this well,
and it is now being drilled, Mr. Bar
ton starting the work last week.
This well, when completed, will be
no less than two hundred feet deep,
-with an 8-inch hole, and capable of
supplying 125 gallons per minute.
This well will go deep enough to
guarantee this volume of flow. A
new ice house of 150 tons capacity
Is also being constructed.
Many improvements have been
made at the hatchery the past sea
son by enlarging the original build
ing, which was 20x60 feet, until now
Its dimensions are 72x85 feet, all
under one roof. The capacity of
the present buildings in the output
of trout will be 3,000,000 and for
pickerel and perch 13,000,000. The
battery of two hundred jars for
hatching pickerel and perch will
shortly be increased to 350.
In the spring of 1910 the work of
beautifying the grounds will begin.
On the square plot midway between
the bass pond and the line of brood
ing ponds a fountain will be erect
ed. This will be of concrete, thirty
feet in diameter, with a circular
bottom. The fountain will be ten
feet high and will have ten jets, the
center one the largest. Around the
ponds will be planted trees, gravel
walks will be made, and along the
edges of the ponds, willows will be
planted so as to prevent the heat of
the sun from warming the water to
Buch degree as to cause the death
of fish.
At the extreme north end of the
grounds a concrete dam has been
built to turn the water Into the
Hatchery grounds to supply the
ponds, through a concrete Inlet, the
water passing from pond to pond.
Below the concrete dam there will be
built a Japanese arch foot bridge
to cross the creek from the Hatch
ery grounds to a grove of maples,
this being the only way to approach
that portion of the grounds. In
this grove will be fitted up seats,
swings, etc., for the accommodation
of visitors to the Hatchery, in the
pleasant surroundings of which
they may wish to spend the day.
The creek from the concrete dam
to the southern extremity of the
Hatchery grounds will be of a uni
form width of twenty-two feet, with
concrete walls on either side to pro
tect the embarkments. At Inter
vals of about three hundred feet
pools of various depths will be made
in which trout from the creek can
winter and bo protected from weas
els, coons and other animals that
prey upon them.
A perch pond Is also being con
structed which, when completed
will cover one and one-half acres,
the greatest depth being fourteen
feet, the shoalest portion four feet,
making an average depth of nine
feet. This, when completed, will
have a capacity of 15,000 perch,
capable of furnishing 3,000,000
eggs. Two of the largo fry ponds
are to be cut into a brood pond for
bass. 'This pond will also be cap
able of maintaining 150,000 bass.
On the northeast corner of the
grounds is a very pretty elevation
which will be cleared of stumps and
rocks, made of uniform grade and
seeded down. On this plot will be
planted hemlock, spruce and pine,
which will grow right down to the
edge of the bass pond. The greater
part of this work will be completed
by the end of the coming year.
During the past summer various
extensions have been made at all
the hatcheries throughout the state.
The Torresdale hatchery was com
pleted this year. It is the most
picturesque in the State. The
Corry hatchery has been almost en
tirely remodeled. At the Spruce
,Cntek hatchery ice and boat house
have been built and over four acres
In ponds, all for lake trout. These
trout will be planted mostly In
Wayne and Susquehanna county
lakes. At Conneaut Lake, a large
bass pond has been built. It Is
nearly two acres In size. At Union
City a number of small ponds were
made. At Bellefonte a new natch
ery houBe 40x100 feet has been
built, and five concrete ponds con
structed. They now have there two
hatching houses and sixty-five trout
ponds which will Increase the out
put of the Bellefonte hatchery five
millions of trout. There are now
at all the hatcheries of the state 143
trout ponds. It will take 8,000,000
young trout to supply these ponds to
a breeding age. The bass and
perch ponds are estimated to yield
eight million eggs, which Is hardly
one-eighth of the output of eggB
that are gathered from the various
lakes of Wayne county. Most of the
eggs gathered from these lakes are
shipped direct to other hatcheries
for hatching purposes. The capac
ity of all the hatching houses with
all the Improvements attached will
make a total of 17,000,000 brook
trout and 7,000,000 lake trout, a
grand total of 24,000,000 trout.
The expense of running a hatch
ery seems large, but one accustom
ed to seeing it from day to day will
wonder how It can be run at so
small a margin. The estimate of
feeding the fish alone for all the
hatcheries for meat Is ?3,000, while
the labor figures up to $1,000. It
costs from 14.000 to ?6,000 a year
to run each hatchery. The last leg
islature appropriated J10.000 for
Improvements and extensions, and
the work done the past year by the
fish commission has been done very
economically. All this work was
planned at the bureau of fisheries in
Harrlsburg, and much credit is due
Commissioner Meehan for the man
ner in which he has conducted the
work and made It a success.
Much criticism has been made in
regard to the way hatcheries are
conducted. The writer has often
heard it said that It was a snap to
hold a government position as an
employe at a fish hatchery. During
the last three years I have had more
or less to do with the Wayne Hatch
ery, and I can vouch for myself that
if I was looking for a snap I woulu
look for some other occupation. It
is no sinecure, I am certain, for
there are many conditions about the
work that calls for real hardship on
the' person doing' it, as well as pa
tient care and a devoted interest to
the work that requires his full time,
so that the best Interests of the com
monwealth in the protection and de
velopment of Its food and game
fishes can be attained.
The Comet Visible.
Halley's comet is now visible to
the naked eye for the first time
since its disappearance 75 years
ago. This celestial wanderer is
rushing through space towards the
earth at a rate of a million miles a
day. From the day It first appears
it will continue to grow brighter
until May 18th, when the earth will
sweep through its fiery tail. It
will then begin to grow dimmer un
til some time In September, when
it will disappear from sight for 75
years. This comet promises to be
one of the most gorgeous spectacles
ever witnessed and will during Its
presence In reach of human vision
be the cause of much comment and
speculation. It appears every 75
The comet was at its aphelion, or
point farthest from the sun, In 1874.
It passed within the orbit of Nep
tune about 1895, past the course of
Uranus in 1903, of Saturn in 1908,
and of Jupiter this year. While it
is on a visit to the sun, it will come
only within about 66,000,000 miles
of the sun Its perihelion before
turning back on Its course. That
will be about April 13th'hext. About
May 18th folowlng it will be within
12,000,000 or 13,000,000 miles of
the earth, near enough to lash its
great tall over us, and perhaps de
stroy our life with carbonic acid
gas or set us on fire with acetylene,
If it were not for the Inexorable law
which Newton discovered, and some
other laws of astronomical physics
which the savants are still puzzling
their heads over.
Some 800 comets are on record,
of which about half were recorded
before the discovery of the telescope
In 1610. Of the 400 discovered
since that date only some 70 or 80
have been visible to the naked oye.
The most brilliant comet of the last
century was the comet of 1882.
Whether Halley's comet will be still
more of a spectacle next spring can
not certainly be foretold. Various
astronomical elements enter into the
speculation. It is said, for instance,
that comets are very likely to lose
some of their substance on their
visits to the sun, so that, other
things being equal, a comet on each
return should be less brilliant than
on its previous visit. But, what
ever the lfs and buts, great expecta
tions may safely be entertained for
the spring visit in 1910 of the great
nomad of the skies.
Accurate Accounts of Operations for
Year an Important Part of Cen
sus Inquiry.
Tho thirteenth goneral census of
the United States will bo taken, be
ginning April 15, 1910. By prepar
ing an accurate account of his farm
operations during the year ending
December 31, 1909, of all his farm
possessions, the farmers of the coun
try can render the census bureau and
the public at large an inestimable
It was not to be expected that
farmers will ever keep as complete
accounts as do manufacturers and
merchants. The fact that a large
part of his dally bread is supplied
from his own farm, Instead of being
purchased out of cash on hands, nat
urally causes the farmer to place an
uncertain value on the products con
sumed In his home.
Nevertheless, a constantly Increas
ing number of farmers are keeping
accurate records of their dally re
ceipts and expenses and of the exact
quantities of all classes of products
grown or raised on their farms.
Wherever such records are kept the
census enumerators are able to ob
tain highly accurate reports without
taking more than a fow minutes of
the farmer's time and without
troubling htm to make difficult esti
mates. In order that the great majority
of farmers who do not ordinarily
keep book records of these farm
operations may be given an oppor
tunity to familiarize themselves with
the scope of the census to be taken
next April, an outline of the schedule
has been prepared. Every farm op
erator Is strongly urged to study this
outline carefully and to write down
the answer to each queston as soon
as the necessary information be
comes available. When complete,
the notebook should be laid aside for
reference when the enumerator calls.
The schedule may be divided into
classes as follows:
Personal Information regarding
the farmer.
General Information regarding
farm acreage, values and expenses.
A statement of the acreage, yield
and value of all farm crops harvest
ed In 1909, and all animal products
that Is, dairy products, eggs, live
stock sold, etc.
An Inventory of all live stock, In
cluding poultry and bees, on hand
April 15. 1910.
Miscellaneous information.
Farmers will be asked to give their
name, postofllce address, color or
race, age, nation In which 'born, ten
ure, length of residence on farm, and
if a tenant, the name and address
of the person from whom land is
By obtaining the ages of farmers
the census will be able to classify
farm property by age periods of the
operators and thus show what pro
portion of all farm Wealth Is con
trolled by farmers under 25 years of
age, between 45 and 50 years of age,
or for any other age period. The
rate of gain in wealth as the farm
ers increase in age will be a general
index to the profitableness of farm
ing as an occupation In different sec
tions of the country.
The question of tenure, from many
standpoints, is one of the most in
teresting on the schedule. The three
principal tenures are owned, cash
tenants and share tenant.
Each farm operator will be re
quired to state the total number of
acres In his farm, and also the num
ber of acres of improved land. By
improved land, Is meant all regular
ly tilled or mowed land temporarily
pastured, land lying fallow, land In
gardens, orchards, vineyards, and
nurseries, and occupied by build
ings. The number of acres of tim
ber land will also be called for.
Statements will be required of the
value of all land, buildings, imple
ments and machinery. It should be
born In mind that the figures, de
sired are the values on April 15,
1910, and should be determined by
carefully estimating the amounts
that could be realized from sales un
der average conditions.
Inquiry will be made for the total
amount expended for farm labor in
1909, exclusive of expenditures for
housework. A third question calls
for the amount paid in 1909 for ma
nure and other fertilizers.
A new question in farm census in
vestigations calls for the amount paid
In 1909 for hay, grain and other art
icles not raised on the farm, but pur
chased for feed and domestic ani
mals and poultry.
Four facts aro required to be as
certained regarding each principal
crop grown on the farm in 1909. The
number of acres harvested, the quan
tity produced, the value of the pro
duct, and the number of acres sown
or planted or to bo sown or planted
for harvest In 1910. The values giv
en should be based upon prices re
ceived in the local markets. The
crops called for on the schedule are:
Crops grown exclusively for their
grain or seed; crops grown exclusive
ly for hay and forage; crops of sun
dry classes; crops grown for sugar
or syrup, fruit and nuts, vegetables,
fruit products, forest products, ani
mal products, animals sold alive and
those slaughtered, wool and mohair,
dairy products, poultry and eggs and
bees and honey.
The census classification of do
mestic animals according to kind and
age follow closely the classifications
used by the United States depart
ment of agriculture and the principal
live stock breeders' associations. The
classification by ages is very simple,
and in addition to this information,
a statement is desired of the num
ber of calves, lambs, colts, mule
colts, kids and pigs brought forth
oa the farm during 1909. The num
ber raised may he substituted for the
number brought forth when such
number alone Is known.
Farmers owning pure-bred ani
mals that are registered or eligible
for register may be asked to report
the number of each kind, giving In
each case the name of the breed. It
is also probable that an inquiry will
be made regarding the number of
cows that were regularly milked for
more than three months during
1909. This Information will be of
Interest In connection with the re
port of dairy products.
The Study of tho Constellations as a
Probably every reader has often
admired the beauty of a starlight
night. A little careful observation
on such a night will show that the
brighter stars may be divided into
groups or "constellations," as tho
astronomers call them, most of
which are known by the names of
animals or legendary persons, such
for example as "the Great Bear,"
"the Swan," "Hercules," "Androm
eda," etc. The easiest method of
learning these "constellations" is
from some one already acquainted
with them, but If the beginner is
not fortunate enough to know any
such person tho majority can be
learned from any cheap star maps
Buch as are sometimes contained
In almanacs.
Now, If the budding astronomer
will notice the position of any of
these groups or constellations at a
particular hour of any night and
then look a few hours afterwards
he will see that during the interval
the stars which appeared low down
in the east have risen to the south
in a somewhat similar manner to
the apparent motion of the sun and
moon, while closer attention on
several evenings will show a circu
lar or rotary movement around the
north pole of the heavens, the mo
tion being the opposite way to the
hands of a clock.
Near the north pole Is a bright
star called the "Pole star." This
star is easily found when the ob
server has once noted the seven
bright stars of the "Great Bear,"
the two outer stars of the four
forming the "square" known as the
"pointers" point almost directly at
the Polar star. This majestic
movement of the. stars around the
pole of the heavens is a most sub
lime and wonderful sight. Coun
try Side.
Courtship in Church.
A young gentleman happening to
sit in church In a pew adjoining one
In which sat a young lady, for whom
he conceived a sudden and violent
passion, was desirous of entering
Into a courtship on the spot; but
the place not suiting a formal de
claration, the exigency of the case
suggested the following plan: He
politely handed his fair neighbor a
Bible (open) with a pin stuck in the
following text: Second Epistle of
John, verse fifth "And now I be
seech thee lady, not as though I
wrote a new commandment unto
thee, but that which we had from
the beginning, that we owe one an
other." She returned it, pointing to
the second chapter of Ruth, verse
tenth "Then she fell on her face
and bowed herself to the ground,
and- said unto .him, 'Why have I
found grace In thine eyes, that thou
shouldst take knowledge of me, see
ing that I am a stranger?' " He re
turned the book, pointing to, the
thirteenth verse of the Third Epistle
of John "Having many things to
write upon to you, I would not write
with paper and ink, but I trust to
come unto you, and speak face to
face, that our joy may be full."
From the above Interview a marriage
took place the ensuing week.
Tho Cigarette Smoker.
Elbert Hubbard Isn't the best au
thority in the world on all subjects,
but he Is unquestionably correct in
pronouncing against the use of ciga
rettes, especially by the young. In
a late number of the Philistine he
"As a close observer and employ
er of labor for over twenty-five
years, I give you this: Never advance
tho pay of a cigarette smoker; nev
er promote him; never trust him to
carry a roll to Garcia, unless you
do not care for Garcia and are will
ing to lose the roll. Cigarette smok
ing begins with an effort to be
smart. It soon becomes a pleasure,
a satisfaction, and serves to bridge
over a moment of nervousness or
embarrassment. Next it becomes a
necessity of life, a fixed habit. This
last stage soon evolves Into a third
condition, a stage of fever and un
restful, wandering mind, accompa
nied by loss of moral and mental
Inevitably cigarette smoking im
pairs health, lessens usefulness and
jeopardizes happiness, and all with
out compensation worthy of the
name. All smokers are not affected
to the same degree, but there is
none who would not be better off
'without the habit.
Science as Evidence.
VICTORIA, B. C Dec. 10. A
moving picture of tho assassination
of Prince Ito at Harbin Is to be used
in the trial of the Korean assassin,
according to advices brought by the
steamer Kaga Maru to-day.
A Russian photographer had pre
pared to make moving pictures of
the meeting of Prince Ito and Minis
ter Kokovostoff, and caught the as
saulnation scene upon his films.
Japanese officials obtained a film
five hundred feet long showing every
detail of the tragedy. Tkki will be
exhibited at tin trial. . ..
or THE
At the close of business, Nov. 16,1909.
Loans and Discounts I 209,038 01
Overdrafts.secured and unsecured 60 82
U.S. Bonds to secure circulation. 65,000 00
Premiums on U. 8. Bonds 2300 00
Honda, securities, etc 13338 45
Banking-house, furniture and fix
tures .................. 40,000 00
Duo from National Banks (not
Reserve Agents)... 4.603 05
Due from State and Private Banks
and Bankers. Trust Companies,
and SavIngB Banks 81 88
Due from approved reserve
agents 139(96 44
Checks and other cash Items.... 2,609 31
,Notes ol other National Banks.. 325 00
Fractional paper currency, nick
els and cents 250 84
Lawful Money Keserve In Bank,
Viz: Specie fS6,337 00
Legal tender notes 0.607 00- 91,944 M
Redemption fund with U. S.
Treasurer, (6 per cent, of circu
lation) 2,750 00
Due from U. S. Treasurer, other
than 5 per cent, redemption fund
Total $1,932,687 S3
Capital Stock paid In I 150,000 09
Surplus fund 150,000 00
Undivided profits, less expenses
and taxes paid 83,250 69
National Bank notes outstanding 64.400 01
State Bank notes outstanding.... 900 04
Due to other National Banks 660 29
Due to State and Private Bunks
and Bankers..... 967 68
Individual deposits sublecl to
subject to check.... $1,466,468 11
Demand certificates of
deposit 20,017 00
Certified check 69 63
Cashier's checks out
standing 148 72-1,492,703 3D
Bonds borrowed None
Notes and bills rediBCountcd None
Bills payable. Including certifi
cates of deposit for money bor
rowed None
Liabilities other than those above
stated None
Total 11.932.887 S3
State of Pennsylvania, County of Wayne, ss.
I, K. F. Torbey, Cashier of the above
named Bank, do solemnly swear that the
above statement Is true to the best of my
knowledge and belief.
E. F. Torrey. Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before rue this
19th day of Nov. 1909.
W. H. STONE, N. P.
Correct attest:
M. Z. Russell )
K, B. Hardenueroii, -Directors.
at the close of business, Nov. 6,1909.
Reserve fund t
Cash, specie and notes, $48,840 60
Legal securities 45,000 00
Due from approved re-
serve agents 118,341 64-212,182 14
Nickels, cents and fractional cur
rency 143 61
Checks and cash Items 2.6U9 65
Due from Banks and Trust Co's.not
reserve agents 15.093 03
Bills discounted not due; $334,115 62
Bills discounted, time
loans with collateral... 44,035 00
Loans on call with col
lateral 101,625 75
Loans on call upon one
name 4,550 00
Loans on call upon two or
more names 68,726 75
Loans secured by bond
and mortgage 21.300 577,353 02
Investment securities owned ex
clusive of reserve bonds, viz: ,
Stocks, Bonds, etc.. 1,815,872 21
Mortgages and Judg
ments of record.,., 227,379 772,013.251 98
Office Building and Lot 27.000 00
Other Real Estate 6,000 00
Furniture and Fixtures 2,000 00
Overdrafts 217 60
Miscellaneous Assets 400 00
$2,886,310 93
Capital Stock, paid in $ 100.000 00
Surplus Fund 310,000 00
Undivided Profits, less expenses
and taxes paid 84,143 35
Deposits subject to check $160,912 81
Time certllicates of de
posit 3,238 78
Saving Fund Deposit, 2,190,823 16
Cashier's check outst'tr 271 29-2,355,216 04
Due to Commonwealth 25,000 00
Due to banks and Trust Cos. not re
serve agents 11,891 51
Dividends unpaid , 0u 00
$2,886,310 93
State of Pennsylvania, County of Wayne, ss:
I, H. Scott Salmon, Cashier of the above
named Company, do solemnly swear that tho
above statement is true, to the best of my
knowledge and belief.
(Signed) II. 8. SALMON. Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to.before me this 13th
day of Nov. 1909.
(Signed) ROBERT A. SMITH, N, P.
Notarial Seal)
Correct Attest :
W B. Holmes, 1
F. P. Kimble, V Directors.
11. J. Conger. J
For New Late Novelties
SPENCER, The Jeweler
"Guaranteed articles only sold."
Delaware & Hudson R. R.
Trains leave at 6:55 a. m., and
12:26 and 4:30 p. m. '
Sundays at 11:05 a. m. and 7:16
p. m.
Trains arrive at 9:66 a. m., 3: Id
and 7:31 p.. m.
Sundays at 10:16 a. m. and 6:50
p. m.
Erie R. R.
Trains leave at 8:26 a. m. and
2:48 p. m.
Sundays at 2:48. p. m.
Trains arrive at 1:40 and 8:08
p. a.
Saturdays; arrive at 2; 46 aad
leaves at 7:16.
Sundays at 7:02 V-
Office, Masonic building, second floor
Honesdale, Pa.
Office over post office. All legal business
promptly attended to. Honesdale, Pa.
Office Liberty Hall building, opposite the
Post Office, Uonesdale. Pa.
Office over Rett's store. Honesdale Pa.
Office near Court House Honesdale. Pa.
Office ver Post Office. Honesdale. Pa
Special and prompt attention given to tho
collection of claims. Office over Relf's new
store. Honesdale, Pa.
Office over the nost office- Honesdale. Pa.
Oflice in the Court Houso, Honesdale.
Patents and pensions secured. Office In the
Schuerholz building Honesdale. Pa.
Office Second floor old Savings Brit
building. Honesdale. Pa,
Office Next door toivtt ifllie. Formerl
occupied bvW II. Dlmmick. Honesdale, Pa
Office First floor, old Savings Bank'.bulld
ing, Honesdale. Pa.
Dr. C. R. BRADY. Dentist. Honesdale.'
Office Hours-8 a. m. to 5 p. m
Any evening by appointment.
Citizens' phone. 33. Residence. No. 66-X
Office and residence 1019 Court !strect
telephones. Office Hours 2:00 to 4:00 and
6 00fo8:00.D. in.
LIVEKY. Fred. G. Rickard has re
moved his livery establishment from
corner Church street to Whitney's Stone
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Office: Second floor Masonic Build
ing, over C. C. Jadwin's drug otore,
If you don'Jt insure with
us, we both lose.
White Mills PaJ
Graduate Optician,
1127 H Main St., HONESDALE.
We have the sort of tooth brushes that are
made' to thoroughly cleanse and lave, the
They are the kind that Clean teeth wlthost
eavlns your mouth full ot bristles.
We recommend .those costing; 28 cents or
more, as we can guarantee them and will r
Jilace. tree, any that hpw detects ol maau
acture within three months.
m e