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THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 8, l&OO.
HOME-MADE WIRE STRETCHER.
Cheaper and More Powerful Than
The writer Bomo tlmo ago was com
pelled to fence a 440-acre farm. He
was In McDonald county, Missouri,
and as this county has no stock laws
u factory stretcher could not bo se
cured without driving to Neosho, Mo.,
a distance of 20 miles.
A home-mado device was finally
constructed as shown In the sketch.
A clamp was made as shown at D
with two pieces of 2 by 4 Inch stud
ding, 43 Inches long. The six-foot
lever, C, was also made of 2 by 4-lnch
The traco chains were fastened to
the level and clamp with clevises;
the two stay chains were nlso fasten
ed to the lever with clevises, as
shown at A A. When using the de
vice tho clamp was fastened close up
to a post by bolting same over tho
wire, the lever was then made fast to
the next post with the trace chain, as
shown on left-hand side of cut, by
working the lever back and forward,
A Wire Stretcher.
and placing the hooks of tho stay
chains in tho links of the trace chain,
B, the wire was soon made tight.
The device was found to be more
powerful than the factory stretcher,
and If anything quicker, and when wo
Anally secured a stretcher from Neo
sho it was set to one sldo and our
homc-mado device used instead.
As the entire outfit was secured on
tho farm tho cost of tho same was
tho time It took to mako It, about
two hours, the six half-inch bolts for
tho clamp were taken out of the bay
rack. J. E. Dridgeman, Lamar, Mo.
Experiments with fungicides upon
potatoes have been carried on at the
Vermont Experiment Station for eigh
teen years. Experiments made re
cently wero designed particularly to
determine the relative gain from
spraying potatoes with bordeaux mix
ture and parls green, comparing the
results from two, three nnd four ap
plications. Two applications of bor
deaux mixture made in August proved
less efficient in checking the flea bee
tlo and early blight than where other
applications were made, particularly
tho spraying made In early July. Tho
Increase in marketable tubers for the
sprayed over tho unsprayed lots varies
from 52 to 172 per cent.
Pump for the Garden.
A good pump should bo part of the
equipment of every garden. For the
small garden a good bucket, com
pressed air or knapsack pump will be
most satisfactory, while for larger
gardens a barrel pump, with an at
tachment for spraying several rows
when occasion demands, or an auto
matic pump geared to tho wheels of
the truck, will be found more economi
cal of time an labor. The small com
pressed air sprayer Is handy, as it
leaves both hands free for use, and
Is, therefore, useful If it Is desired to
spray two or three small trees, possi
bly with the use of a stepladder to
reach their tops.
Fertilizers may be divided into two
general classes direct and Indirect,
or nutritive and stimulant. A direct
or nutritive fertilizer is one which
furnishes nourishment to the growing
crop. Nourishment means simply ni
trogen, phosphoric ncld and potash.
These are the three ingredients which
must be renewed through the medium
of manures and fertilizers. A stimu
lant or Indirect fertilizer is one which
does not furnish an actual plant food
to tho soil, but by its stimulating ac
tion renders available some plant
food which previously existed in the
soil in an Insoluble or unavailable
Here is a recipe for kerosene emul
sion: Hard soap, half pound; boiling
water, 1 gallon; coal oil, 2 gallons.
Dissolve the soap in the water, pour
In the coil oil and churn or beat to
gether briskly with a paddle for at
least ten minutes. Dilute from ten to
twenty-five times before applying.
Use it strong for scale insects. Kero
sene emulsion destroys insects which
suck, such as plant lice, red spiders,
etc. It will also kill cabbage worms,
caterpillars, and all Insects with soft
Not a single apple should go to
waste. What cannot be marketed, or
used by the family should be gathered
and fed to tho stock. Rotting fruit
left on the ground not only is a dead
loss, but It Insures a good insect pest
crop for next season.
A packer declared that tho cost o(
picking a barrel of apples on very
large, high trees Is 20 cents a bar
Tel, while on low-headed trees the
cost does not exceed seven cents.
You cannot do without a good
smoker for tho small cost of one dollar.
Of Interest to Women Readers
AERO CLUB FOR WOMEN.
It Exists In France, Where Women
are Ardent Balloonist.
French women are not particularly
keen in the matter of athletics, but If
a sport presents a real element of dan
ger their delight knows no bounds.
Thus ballooning threatens to become
a fad with the members of tho wealth
ier classes, and the number of women
holding certificates showing that they
are able to navigate a balloon is very
There Is already an Aero Club for
ladles, some of whom have achieved
record ascents. Mme. Surcouf was
the first woman who received a certi
ficate, and she celebrated the event
by starting on an aerial trip with Mile.
Gache. The two ladles were the only
occupants of the car and landed safe
ly. Another famous member of the
Aero Club, says the Gentlewoman, Is
Mme. Burette. Accompanied by M.
and Mme. Bachelard, she went from
Havre to Cabourg, across the Chan
nel. Some French sportswomen In
their craze after excitement blossom
Into modern Atalantas. Mme. du
Gast Ib one of thorn, and her perilous
performance In tho Paris-Toulon mo
tor boat raco is still In everybody's
Then there is Mme. Lavesslere a
splendid shot, who is seeking a com
panion to go tiger shooting. Unfortu
nately, the companion is not easy to
find. Her husband died long ago, and
her relatives and friends are all men
of peace, and therefore not anxious to
travel a few thousand, miles to risk
their lives in the Jungle.
The "Bang" Is Here.
Although much protest was made
last Winter about tho reappearance of
the "bang" cross the forehead, it
soems to be rather firmly intrenched
Tho majority of women will wear
It this winter. In largo measure It
will be becoming. It will compel wom
en to lift from their foreheads that
low-hanging muss of hair, now the
fashion, and substitute it with a tiny,
It Is absurd to cut the hair to make
this bang., One can buy it by the piece
in any hair shop and attach it under
one's own hair by an invisible hair
pin. One should be extra careful not to
get It thick or straight.
The poodlo bang, once so fashiona
ble In the eighties of the nineteenth
century, also promises to return. It
has already done so in Paris, but there
it, like the wavy fringe, only accom
panies the flattened pompadour.
Both of these have been introduced
to give softness to a forehead from
which the hair has been lifted, and
also to give a showing of hair under
They should never be worn with the
hair severely parted In front
DUST COVER THAT IS USEFUL.
Affords Protection for Nice Garment a
Hung In Cupboard.
Dust cover for the nice silk dress,
best coat or other nice garment Ma
terial required, 2 1-2 yards or more if
desired longer, of sllkaline, or other
prettily figured thin material, and rib
bon to bind or silk to featherstitch.
Double the goods and bind with rib
bon or lap the selvages and feather
stitch. Hound off the top and seam
up, leaving Bmall hole for coat hanger
handle to go through. Leave the bot
tom open and hem. The garment
which is on a hanger, slips up through
tho open end and the hook of the
hanger goes through the small hole
and hangs the whole up complete and
protected from all dirt
Butterfly Bow on Hat.
One of the artistic oddities in milli
nery and on oddity that Is pretty
Bhould be chronicled is the butterfly
bow perched in front at top of crown.
These are made of ribbon, of
rainbow gauze and of jet They are
used on a hat that Is plainly trimmed
with a wrapped scarfband.
A WAITER'S REVENGE.
His Way of Getting Even for an In
sult from Hie Employer.
Summary and effective was tho re
venge of a Spalata (Austria) waiter
who had been Insulted by his em
ployer. Going to tho Socialist club
he enlisted the sympathies of his com
rades and a hundred of them went to
tho restaurant where ho had beon em
ployed and occupied every seat in the
place. It was just before tho usual
supper hour, and the place, tho prin
cipal restaurant in Spalato, was fre
quented every night by tho loading
officials and townspeople. When
these regular guests came thero was
not room for one of them and thoy
had to find another restaurant
Tho evening's faro was entirely
wasted, as the Socialist visitors took
only a quarter of a pint of wine, cost
ing twelve hellers (about a penny
farthing), and one roll at four hellers
(or less than a half penny). As each
man's refreshment cost him only Just
over three halfpence it was not a dear
The restaurant proprietor promptly
apologized to the aggrieved waiter and
tho regular customers found their ta
bles ready for them the next evening.
The Art of Eating.
An enterprising woman named Hoi
ker has started a school at Budapest,
where pupils of all ages are given a
full course of instruction in the art of
eating. Practical demonstrations are
given in ordinary table manners, but
tho chief aim of the establishment is
to teach tho ignorant how to deal suc
cessfully with such dishes as they
have nover even heard of. "Who doo3
not recollect in his experience mo
ments of unspeakablo anguish," .asks
Frau Hooker, "when at a dinner party
he finds that he Is using his knife nnd
fork for a dish that only requires a
spoon, or vice versa? It is to save
men and women from these little trag
edies that I have opened my school."
Examinations are to bo held at the
end of each term, when the students
will bo requested to attack an array
of unknown delicacies set before
them. Those who undergo the ordeal
successfully will obtain a certificate
from Frau Holkcr which will enable
them to face any banquet without
flinching. Chicago News.
A Florida Sport With an Element of
Uncertainty In It.
"Hunting alligators at night wl'h a
bullseye lantern and shotgun is tame
Bport compared with what is called a
'gator hunt down in Florida," said an
old Florldan. "I mean the feat of
capturing an alligator alive and then
towing the fellow to high ground
through mud and water from what is
called in Florida a 'gator hole.
' "Tho 'gator fishermen first find the
hole which is indicated by an opening
In the surrounding grass In the midst
of a dense growth of vegetation.
Where the ground is worn smooth by
the alligator In his pulls in and out
Sometimes these 'gator holes are in
the nature of a cave In the bank of a
stream and may be fifteeen or twenty
feet deep, and if so it is not an easy
matter to get the animal out.
"The fisher Is supplied with a long
pole with a metal hook on the end.
He takes a strong rope and throws it
about the entrance of tho hole. Then
the fisher rams with the hooked pole
down the den and waits and listens.
If he finds a 'gator in the hole he
teases the beast by poking him until
the 'gator in a rage finally grabs the
hooked pole 'and is pulled from the
den. It is with uncertainty that he is
dragged forth, for it Is not known
whether the catch is large or small;
the flBher does not know whether to
get into shape to run or to fight Out
the 'gator comes, bellowing and roar
"After the 'gator is dragged to the
surface he in his rage turns and rolls
and finally twists himself up In the
rope or noose that has been previous
prepared. With the assistance of the
others in the party the 'gator's legs
and mouth are tied and the 'gator is a
"The 'gator Is for the most part
caught in marshes where the ground
Is soft and slushy and too wet .'or
either horse or wagon to enter. The
fishers are compelled to carry their
catch to higher ground, there to be
loaded into the waiting wagon and the
hunt is ended."
Kansas In the Market for Monkeys.
Topeka, Kan. The State Board of
Health decided to buy monkeys to ex
periment on the cure of infantile
paralysis, which is becoming alarming
Nothing is bo contagious as enthu
siasm. It is the real allegory of tho
tale of Orpheus. It moves stones, it
charms brutes. Enthusiasm Is tho
genius of sincerity and truth accon
plishes no victories without it. Bui
Making Clover Hay.
Farmers differ considerably as to
how to make clover hay. Often tho
crop is cut too soon. If it is heavy
and cut green' in full blossom It is
hard to cure without danger of mold
ing. I have cut clover green on Mon
day and been obliged to leave it un
til Thursday or Frlflay, and even then
the heavy stems wero not cured, says
a writer in Baltimore American. If
the ground Is wet the plants aro hard
to dry. Many times I have cut early
so as to get a crop of seed, and then
cut rather lato, and when half or more
of the heads were b'rown, and the late
cuttings always made tho better head.
Stock ate the bay more readily also.
We sometimes salt the hay when we
put It in the mow damp, with good
f 1 1 1 1 HtMi 1 1 1 HHtHlUti
I POETRY WORTH
The Dlspossed Heart
Fair Mabel had a dainty waist,
A triumph of tho fashion's art.
But ah, bo tightly was it laced
There wasn't room for Mabel's heart
The hapless heart was In dospalr;
"I must beat somo where! I believe
1'vo heard a pretty girl will wear
Her heart sometimes upon her
But Mabel's sleevo clung like a skin
To Mabel's softly-rounded arm
Tho beating heart could not squeeze
It looked about In vague alarm:
"Well, well! I must try other routes.
Of timid maids I've heard it said,
Often their hearts aro in their boots I"
And downward then It quickly sped.
"Ah, this place," said tho heart, "I
Alas, it found no room to beat
The little patent-leather shoes
So snugly fitted Mabel's feet
Now, though deep fear the poor heart
It thought: "Sometimes a girl can't
Because her heart is in her throat;
I do believe that's Just the thing!"
To Mabel's lovely throat it stole,
But once again poor, luckless
It failed to reach Its longed-for goal
Her collar was so high and tight!
The desperate heart, despairing,
"There's no place left but Mabel's
Aha! I'm saved!" with joy it cried
For there was lots of room on that!
Carolyn Wells in Saturday Evening
Smith was working in his yard,
Pushing his lawn mower hard.
Brown, who happened then to pass,
Asked: "Well, out to cut your grass?"
"No," said Smith, "I'm herding whales
In the midst of Arctic gales."
Brown walked on, and shook his head,
Musing over what Smith said.
Smith was in a barber-shop,
Having his hair trimmed on top;
Jones came in with jaunty air,
Asked: "They're clipping off your
"No," said Smith, "we're making brick
Also weaving candle wick."
Jones walked very softly out
With his mind quite full of doubt
Smith was riing on a car,
Fretting at tho Jolt and jar.
Black got on, and asked beside:
"Out to take a little ride?"
"No," growled Smith, "I'm climbing
To enjoy tho evening breeze."
Black got off, and tapped his brow,
Thinking Smith was dotty now.
Smith was lunching in a place
Where the busy waiters raco.
White came in from off the street
Asked: "Do you come hero to eat?"
"No," said Smith, "I'm hero to sing
Joyous lyrics of the spring."
White walked solemnly away,
And was serious all day.
Brown and Jones and Black and
Met together that same night
And took steps to put poor Smith
Where ho need not suffer with
The delusions that he had
All four of his friends wero sad.
But consider it, I pray
Who was foolish? He or they?
Wilbur D. Nesbit in Chicago Even
The Unknown God.
I built of dreams a temple cool and
I shut from human sight its halls
And kindled me a small, expectant
Upon an altar to tho unknown god.
But in my folly I was not content
To wait his coming by tho perfumed
Vainly to Beek him in tho world I
That in my worship I might speak
When to my temple I crept homo at
Marred was Its beauty soiled and
smeared with clay
Where feet profane tho unguarded
door had passed
And the untended flro in ashes lay.
Now to the Road tho door stands opon
And cuts the darkness with a sword
That weary wayfarers may turn aside
And find within a lodging for tho
The altar-fire glows gonorous and
And even now a pilgrim, leaden
shod With woariness, takes refugo from the
Lo, In his tomplo stands the un
known god. Amelia Josephine
Jorr. In Everybody's.
NEW GOODS FOR
Our New Fall Dress Goods
Our Long Corsets for
the present season are
all built for Modern
In the Glove depart-
mentautne new shades
can be found in thebest
I Ings In the late designs
ofRugs, Portieres Cur-
l tains and Carpets.
Monner & Co
Henry Snyder & Son.
602 & 604 Lackawanna Ave., Scranton. Pa.
PAY HIGHEST MARKET PRICES FOR
Poultry, Eggs, Butter, Lambs, Calves and Live Stock.
Apples in Season
A SQUARE DEAL FOR THE FARMER.
Old Phone 588 B
4.4.4 4. 4.44.4. 18.104.22.168.4H
This company is preparing to do extensive construction
work in the
Honesdale Exchange District
which will greatly improve the service and enlarge the
Patronize the Independent Telephone Company
which reduced telephone rates, anddo not contract for any
other service without conferring with our
Contract Department Tel. No. 300.
CONSOLIDATED TELEPHONE CO. of PENNSYLVANIA.
I We Pay the Freight 1
H at BROWN'S FURNITURE STORE I
Attention is called to tne STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
City lias published a ROLL OB
HONOR of the 11,470 State Banks
and Trust Companies of United
States. In this list the WAYNE
COUNTY SAVINGS BANK
Stands 38th in the United States
Stands 10th in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wayne County.
Capital, Surplus, $455,000.00
Total ASSETS, $2,733,000.00
Ilonesdalo. Ta.. May 20 1003.,
New Phone 1123
KRAFT & CONGER