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sScm I-Weekly Founded M
Wayne County Organ
Weekly Founded, 1844
HONE SD ALB, WAYNE CO., PA., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1908.
Troops Arrive After Death
of Dowager Empress.
tWO SOVEREIGNS LIE INSTATE
'Disorders Are Expected and Armed
Force Is Sent on Special Sum
mons toGuard the For
"Peking. Nov. 10. Following the
I deaths of Dowager Empress Tsl Hsl
An nnd Emperor Kuaug Su, Prluce
Pu Yl, aged three years, was pro-
Icjalmcd emperor today.
The bodies or botli sovereigns are
llylng In state In the death chamber.
Prluee Chun, father of the Infant
I emperor, is declared regent. It Is offl-
I dally stated that Pu Yl becomes era
leror In accordance with a promise
made by the dowager empress soon
latter the marriage of Prince Chun in
Troops are In readiness to quell any
I disorders, and the probability of up
risings is very great.
Two divisions of troops are sta-
Itloned in various quarters of the city,
and gendarmes have been dispatched
I to guard the approaches to the lega
tions. It was announced that the 1c-
Igation guard was ordered out at "the
special call of the legations on account
Sof the emperor's death."
Prince Chun, the regent, has order-
led the viceroys and governors to take
rsi AN, DOWAGER EMPRESS OF
precautions for the continuation of
administration of the provinces as
heretofore, and he has ordered a bun
red days of mourning. The court
vlll go Into mourning for three years.
The foreigners in the city are watch
tig tho strange ceremonies with great
interest At the palace elaborate rites
being observed, and a flood of
llcts has been sent forth.
Deathbed observances of 3,000 years
marked the passing of the era
Drer and dowager. They died alone
and unattended, although surrounded
by circles of abject spectators, who
remained a rod distant, as, ou account
of he sacred persons of their niajes
tney couiu not ue opproacuea.
I The emperor died as he had lived
Ithout ministration of whatever kind
scientific aid. For months he had
Erased to permit the services of for-
physlclana, and, although It was
stated that he had gone back to the
form of medical treatment, It Is
ellered that latterly he received no
utment at all.
The government has given out that
lie dowager empress In a lucid lnter-
recelved Prince Chiug, who is a
achu and a member of the royal
amily and approved the edicts de
claring Prince Pu Yl heir presumptive
Prince Chun regent of the om-
rrlnce Chlng was at the be-
ag of the Boxer outbreak lord
chamberlain of the court aud corn
ier of the Peking field force. It
vas on Prince Chlng that the foreign
officials hung hopes of the safety of
Both, the emperor and the empress
rill be burled in the Imperial mauso
eum in the western bills, jnst a few
alles away from Peking, with which
aey are connected by rail. All the
alers of the Mauchu dynasty are in-
Tsl Hit An, or "western empress,"
born Nov. 17, 1834. She was tho
!ld of poor people who lived In Pe
. At an early ago she was sold
a slave by her parents.ou account
their poverty. She became the
property of n famous general, who.
enchanted with her beauty, adopted
her and ordered her as a present to
the reigning emperor, Hslen Feng.
She so charmed the emperor by her
looks and Intelligence that he made
t'Illt in,-. 1 1 til t nu.a, I '1L 1 It I II 1 l. xj I 11-
peror Tung Chlh, raised her to the
first rank. On his death she became
the regent of the empire, administer
ing tho national affairs with more
vigor than any of her predecessors.
Her authority was complete over
bont 14,000 officials and over tua wel
fare and lives of the vast majority ot
the Inhabitants of Clilnn, who number
close to 270,000,000.
Among the populace she was feared
and hated, principally because of her
treatment of the emperor, for whom
the enlightened and the common peo
ple had a sympathetic- liking. She
was commonly referred to by the so
briquet "the old Buddha," and her
character in the eyes of the masses
was that of the tyrant of the em
peror. She was a law unto herself. She
Violated the constitution of the dynas
ty that forbids a woman ruler and
Iroke the sacred customs given by
the sages. She relentlessly ordered
all betrothals and marriages in the
imperial household, family and Im
perial court and supervise scrupu
lously the conduct of individuals.
TAFT ANSWERS CRITICISM.
Dealings With Catholics In Philippines
Only Just, He Says.
St. Taul, Minn., Xov. 10. In a letter
to the Rev. Magnus Larson, pastor of
the Swedish Baptist church In this
city, William II. Taft answers criti
cisms made by him during the recent
campaign as to alleged undue favorit
ism to the Itonian Catholic church.
He says in part:
Tou ask ir.e whether S7.000.000 was nald
to the Catholic church out of the United
States treasury on my recommendation.
I reply that It was not. The friars' ntril
cultural lands In the Philippines, 425.000
acres, or about that amount, were pur
chased from the corporation formed by
the three orders of the friars In the Phil
ippines, and the money was nald from
bonds Issued by the Philippine Bovern-
mcnt under the authority of coneress and
is a chares upon the Philippine Islands.
The purchase was approved by the Fili
pinos. It is not true that half of the popula
tion of 8,000.000 people are not Roman
Catholics. The present governor is a Ro
man' Catholic; mit-tie-lsTone-'TJfthe most
careful men In maintaining an impartial
attitude between Catholics and Protes
tants that we could possibly have.
No money has been paid to the friars
for libraries that they claim to have been
burned, so far as I can recollect. The
sum of money paid was for rent and dam
ace to convents or rectories by United
I am not a Catholic and have not been
affiliated with the Catholic church. All I
have attempted to do was to do justice
to that church and to tho Filipino people.
I have treated that church exactly as I
would have treated any other church had
it been in a similar position to that of
the Catholic, church. I may add with re
spect to the friars' lands that the pur
chase was a political one and agrarian
one rather than a commercial one.
DIES IN CHAIR TODAY.
Del Vermo Electrocuted After Govern
or Refuses Respite.
Auburn, X. Y Xov. 10. As Govern
or Hughes declined to interfere In the
case of Andrea Del Vermo, the latter
was executed today in Auburn prison
for the murder of Anthony Page at
Rome In .Tune. 1000.
Following the refusal of the court of
appeals to grant n new trial In the
case, Del Vermo's counsel produced a
new witness, William M. Abel of Blng
hamton, whose testimony was expect
ed to show that Del Vermo stabbed
Page In self defense during a quarrel.
A transcript of Abel's testimony was
sent to the governor, who after care
fully going over nil the papers In the
case decided that there was nothing
to warrant his interference.
BULLET FOUND IN HENEY.
San Francisco Graft Prosecutor on
Way to Recovery.
San Francisco, Xov. 10. Francis J.
Heney Is making excellent progress
toward recovery from the bullet
wound inflicted in Judge Lnwlor's
courtroom by Morris Haas, who com
The bullet was found imbedded in
the left jaw about one Inch In front of
the ear, but the surgeons have decided
not to extract It until Mr. Heney gains
Mrs. Heney spent an hour at the
hospital while the surgeons were re
moving grains of powder from her
husband's face and head.
Reformatory Burned Down.
Jeffersonvlllo, Intl., Xov. 10. Five
buildings of the Indiana State reform
atory and the entire plant of the In
diana Manufacturing company were
destroyed by fire. The damage will
total about $250,000.
King Leopold's Feti Day.
Brussels, Xov. 10. This being King
Leopold's fete day, Belgium formally
assumed control of the Kongo Inde
Mme. Barlne Dead.
Paris, Nov. 10. Mme, Arveds Ba
finp, the authoress, died bare.
ftus X. at Mttieth Annia
versary of Ordination.
THRONG AT ST. PETER'S, ROME
Great Edifice Crowded With Eocle
siatics and Laymen as His
Holiness Sings Pontifical
Home, Nov. 10. With all the heredi
i tary pomp and ceremonial of the Ro
, man Catholic church his holiness Pope
il'ltis X. celebrated today the fiftieth
I anniversary of his ordination to the
; Devout believers thronged St. Peter's
' to hear the singing of the pontifical
' high mass by his holiness. All classes
' of Roman society were represented,
' from the high officials of the Vatican
and those of the Qulrlual who remain
I steadfast In the old faith to the street
beggar and small farmer of the outly
I Ing country. The singing of mass In
' St.. Peter's by a pope has been a cere
mony of rare occurrence in recent
years, for the pontiffs daily adtninls
POPE BLESSING CROWD AT
tratlons take place in his private chap
el in the Vatican. All the high dig
nitaries of the church were congregat
ed In St. Peter's, with many visiting
churchmen and Roman Catholic lay
men. Great ceremonies attended the pope's
entrance Into the church. Seated in
the sedia gesiatorla, he was borne In
on the shoulders of officers of the no
ble guard above the heads of the peo
ple, so that the congregation might be
hold the face of their spiritual leader.
As the figure of the pontiff approached,
giving the sign of benediction to the
congregation, the people knelt to re
ceive his blessing. The scene in the
vast Interior of the church was most
impressive. In the procession that fol
lowed the pope were the college of
cardinals, the archbishops, bishops,
prelates of the pope's household, hoads
of religious communities, the Knights
of Malta, the Knights of St Gregory
and members of other ancient and bis
Pius X Gluseppl Sarto, his holiness
the pope, bishop of Rome and vicar of
Jesus Christ, successor of St. Peter,
prince of the apostles, supreme pontiff
of the universal church, patriarch of
the west primate of Italy, archbishop
and metropolitan of the Roman prov
ince aud sovereign of the temporal do
minions of the holy Roman church
since Aug. 4, 1003, was born in RIese,
Italy, June 2, 1835. He was educated
at the diocesan seminary of Padua and
ordained In 1838. He served as parish
priest until 1875, when he became epls
copal chancellor of the diocese of Tre-
viso. I'Toni 1884 until 1893 be was
bishop of Mantua, being elevated in
the latter year to tho sacred college
with the title of patriarch of Venice,
Five days after the death of Pope Leo
XIII. he was elected pope.
ELEINS DENIES AGAIN.
No Engagement With Duke of Abruzzi,
Washington, Xov. 10. Senator Ste
phen B. Elklns today repeated the em
photic announcement that no engage
ment exists between his daughter,
Miss Katherlno Elklns, and the Duke
fle Abruzzi of the Italian navy.
The statement was made with the
knowledge and consent of Miss Elklns,
who desired that the statement should
bo given to the public.
"11 jf M"I"
For a United South Africa.
Through patience and diplomacy tho
Dutch of South Africa may get back
what they lost in fighting a few years
ago. The aim of these people, which
led to the clash with England in 1899,
was not so much rule In South Africa
as to be allowed to develop civiliza
tion in their own way.
A scheme for a closer union of the
four self governing colonies has been
under consideration for some time.
Representatives of the four namely,
Natal, Orange River Colony, Cape
Colony and the Transvaal met In con
vention In October to take initial steps
looking to either unification as one
commonwealth or a federation. Senti
ment among the Dutch in the three
last named colonies has been enthusi
astic for unification. In Natal, where
the English are in the majority, the
preference is for federation merely.
There will be difficulties In the way
of harmony under any scheme which
will unite the suffrages of the four
colonics. Natives of color are now al
lowed to vote In Cape Colony, but not
In the other colonies. Different fran
chise laws would not be a great ob
stacle to federation, but should the
votes bo combined on a national ques
tion the race issue would be likely to
cause friction. Dutch traditions In the
Transvaal and the Orange River Colo
ny do not favor enfranchising the na
tive. In Natal the English are op
posed to it However, the Dutch are
In dead earnest about nationality. In
a parliament whether the representa
tion were based upon white popula
tion or upon white voters, the Dutch
would be In the majority and the des
tiny of the new nation In South Af
rica virtually under their control.
Better Days For the Army.
Even the antlmilitarist will admit
that If we are to have a standing ar
my It should be up to date in all re
spects. A .poor army costs as much
first and last as a good one, and it is
as wasteful as a poor navy. There nrc
no "poor coots" fit only for the army
roaming up and down the land today
to recruit from. And It is well there
arc nit The aoIdtera come from the
people, nnd their life "in" IbV1 army
should not be radically different from
the life of the people.
ItTs- said by army officers and re
cruiting men that the increased pay
for enlisted men and Improved rations
have raised the standards of recruits
the last few months. The ranks are
better filled, and many old soldiers
have returned to service. "Coddling"
is not wanted by soldiers, but just as
a man can t fight well on an empty
stomach nor shoot straight with a gun
all "at sixes and at sevens," so he
cannot lie "an ornament to the serv
Ice" as things are today unless his
material wants are as well cared for
as they would be In civil life.
DIES IN KAISER'S PRESENCE.
General Huelsen Haeseltr'a Sudden
End Shocks Emperor.
Berlin, Nov. 10. Because of the
tragic death of General Count Huel-
sen-Haeseler, chief of the German
military cabinet, the emperor tele
graphed Chancellor von Bulow that
the audience arranged to take place at
Kiel today aboard the battleship
Dcutschland must be deferred.
Count Huelsen-Haeseler was laugh
ing and talking after dinner at
Doraueschingen when he suddenly
fell, stricken with apoplexy, in the
emperor's presence and died almost
Immediately. He had held the posi
tion of imperial adjutant for nineteen
years and was the emperor's constant
WRIGHT AFTER NEW PRIZE.
Will Try to Go to Height Required b
French Aero Club.
Le Mans, Nov. 10. Wilbur Wright
has made formal announcement of bis
intention to compete tomorrow aud
Wednesday for the height prize offer
ed by the Aero Club of France.
Wright has been excluded from com
petlng for this prize hitherto because
he used a pylone, or inclined plane, in
starting. Last woek's experiment
proved that be could dispense with It
The Sarthe Aero club announces
prize for the attainment of a height
of 100 meters.
According to Mrs. Eddy's doctrine,
if the people bad begun early praying
for rain the drought would have bro
Sir Wilfrid Laurler only asked Can
ada for another chance to "go ahead
fast," and the voters gave It to him on
For proof that somebody was struck
with a panic, consider tho good auto
mobile selling at f 1,500 and under.
THE COUNTY INSTITUTE.
Interesting Talks and Good Muslc
lllnts from Squints How to
teach Reading Searching for
Gold A Yankee Creed.
Prof. Lang addressed the High School
teachers on "Elimination of Waste
School Program " ; the second division
had a song drill with Prof. Watkins, and
a short address from Dr. Pattengill on
"Hints from Squints." Division three
met in the bricU school building and
were instructed in the art of teaching
Reading by Prof. J. T. Chambers, of
the Chambers School of Orator', Scran-
ton, Pa. Miss Jennie S. Lee gave a
practical illustration of the subject by
an excellent class drill in primary read
The devotional exercises were con
ducted bv Rev. A. L. Whittaker.
After two solos by Prof. Watkins,
Supt. Koehler read a letter from ex
Supt. D. L. Hower, expressing his inter
est in and good wishes for the Institute.
Prof. Chambers took up the subject
"Reading." The first requisite in
teaching Reading is to know it yourself.
Get control of the voice and of the body.
One of the problems to be overcome
the books are too hard ; select lessons
rom tlu b jok suited to your class. Re-
iew frequently ; give some time to ex
plaining the lesson for the following
day. In a thirty-minute period use five
minutes for review, fifteen or twenty for
the present lesson ; the rest of the time in
preparing the class to study the new
lesson. Having distributed slips with
different selections, Prof. Chambers illus
trated tlis teaching of accent, inflection,
The first number in the afternoon was
an excellent talk on "Searching for
Gold," by Prof. Lang. School work
has a tendency to make us look for
faults. The teacher's work should be
looking for gold in the lives of the pu
pils. The effect of this on our own lives
is great. The love that seeks in all, the
good, and tries to bring out that good,
will help all lines of work. Put the time
spent in fault-finding into good-finding
and see if you do not accomplish more.
Ojirxtturseof .studymay not b,e suffi
cient to bring out the good. A pupil may
be very dull along required literary lines
and very bright in manual training,
which ma)' not be in the course. Get
better acquainted with the pupil by
mingling in his play as well as work
We must draw close to the pupil in or
der to find the good. Get acquainted
with his parents. Let each one of us go
into the school room and try for a week
xt least to overlook the little faults and
make a record of the good we see each
Prof. Chambers entertained the large
audience with several Reading amd
Character Studies, and Prof. Watkins
pleased everv one as he always does
with two songs, "Good night, Little
Teddy-Rear," and "Drum Major."
Dr. Pattengill cave a talk on "A
Yankee Creed," giving the several arti
cles of faith in his own creed.
I believe in boys and girls ; the men
and women of the. future ; and that
what a boy sows that shall the man
reap. Do you stop to think that the
boys and girls in your school room will
be doing the work of the world in a few
Teach them by precept and example
lessons of courtesy, kindness, justice and
fear of none but God.
We take the heritage of the past and add
our part to it and pass it on. To-mor
row must be greater than yesterday.
I believe in the curse of ignorance
the efficacy of the schools, and the dig
nity of teaching.
I believe in wisdom gained m life as
well as that from the pages of a book.
The teachers are not the only educators.
All citizens are educating the young in
ono way or anoiner. ttvery man oi
business is giving lessons in honesty by
his manner of doing business. Every
loafer on the street using profane lan
guage is giving a lesson to the boy who
I believe in laughter, and I believe in
love that love that suffereth long and
is kind ; I believe in hope and high
I believe that every day and hour we
receive a just reward for all we do.
I believe in the beauty of the home, in
every day life and in out-of-doors.
I love the cause for which I labor I
believe in the present and its possibili
ties; the future and its opportunities.
Rev. Dr. V. H. Swift, of the Presby
terian church, led the devotional exer
cises, and Prof, Watkins a half hour of
song. Prof. Lang's last talk was "The
School a Social Center." Horace Mann's
tnotlo "The education of the people
free to all Is a basis broad enough for a
long time yet." We are beginning to
work out the "free to all" phase of the
problem, an education not merely for
the child, but the people. The wealth
of a nation does not depend on its nat
ural resources, but on the intelligence of
the individnal. This is beginning to be
recognized more than ever before. Those
who are educating a child are adding to
the welfare of the country. It is much
more just to tax a man for educational
purposes, who has no children, than one
who has children of his own to bring up
as good citizens. In the cities the night
schools are accomplishing great things in
advancement of old and young.
We put money into our school build
ings, let us make use of them more
than six hours a day, live davs a week.
Open them for public meetings, civic
clubs, concert choruses, economic clubs,
anything to promote the best interests of
the community. Let every community
have the school for its center, not a ward
with no center but the saloon, but known
as a school community. Let the school
be developed into a social center to take
the place of the saloon, with its evil ten
dencies ; it is the one thing we have in
common, the glory of our republic.
After two songs by Prof. Watkins, the
report of H. A. Oday, treasurer for 1907,
and report of the Committee on Reso
lutions, Prof. Deetrich, Chairman, were
read and approved. Prof. Dooley made
a plea for a larger fund for the Institute
and County Association, and after dis
cussion the Institute voted to raise the
enrollment fee to two dollars, twenty
cents of this to be used for the Teachers'
Dr. Pattengill gave a brief talk on
School Management. So discipline the
school that the work can go on uninter
ruptedly. Train every child to know
and respect the rights of others. Let
them understand why you do not allow
whispering and confusion. Show them
how these things interfere with the rights
of others. It is essential to a govern
ment like ours that our citizens are train
ed respect the rights of others, to re
spect authority, and to render a cheer
ful, willing obedience.
Supt. Koehler is to be congratulated
on the success of his first Institute. The
instructors were first-class, and the day
sessions were enjoyed not only by the
teachers but by large numbers of the
townspeople who filled the Court House
to' overflowing "teStermanrhb
evening entertainments in Lyric Theatre
were also well attended, and both the
musical. entertainments on .Tuesday and
Wednesday evenings, and the lecture by
Dr. John F. Carson, of Brooklyn, were
excellent and were thoroughly enjoyed
by the large audiences.
Nov. 13th. The fall rains have im
proved pasturage and given the meadows
a fine covering for winter. A few wells
and springs are filled, but many will yet
need another heavy rain before they are
in condition for winter.
Nearly every one seems happy over
the election returns. Of course we have
not met any defeated candidates, or we
would not be able to say this. All will
be glad to find something besides politics
and party chewing in the papers.
We hear it said sometimes, "Why
don't the parties put up their best men
for office?" Well, if they did I wonder
if any one would recognize them after
the papers got through with them. They
would get such a raking, and in fact
have their characters so whipped to a
frazzle that I doubt if their own mothers
could recognize them as their offspring.
Until such mud-slinghig goes out of
fashion, better put up the man who is
calloused enough to volunteer his services
for office, and save the good man for
Well, we, with the majority, welcome
Taft. No demonstrations of joy over the
victory here. Have not so much as heard
of any one sacrificing even a pint of
whiBkey over the event. All the same,
all feel a quiet peace over the result.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Crocker will spend
the winter at Topeka, Kansas, and at
other points beyond the Mississippi.
They will start about the middle of De
Miss Ethel Smith is visiting friends in
Mrs. I. N. Lovelass has returned from
Scranton, where she has been engaged
the in millinery business for the past six
Schools are all closed this week, as the
teachers and older pupils are attending
Institute. They will return to their duties
with heads lull of new ideas and sur
mounted by new hats. Great week for
merchants in town.
M. G. Noble's family are quarantined
on account of a light case of chickenpox.
Queer laws. Boy recovered ; all the rest
of the family immune from the disease,
yet all must remain at home for three
weeks. No other cases in the neighbor
hood. Mrs. Burcher is still confined to her
bed, with no improvement in her con
dition. No automobiles or saloons in our quiet
town of Damascus ; consequently no ac
cidents to report.
If the old adage, "no news Is good
news," holds good, surely you hare it in