Newspaper Page Text
fur the Lncuburg Chronicle.
Mr. Editor : I find communication in
6ne of jour late papers, signed W. S. M.,
asking leave to throw in the widow's mite.
The farts he state, are given in order la
show how the different kinds of manure are
to benefit the agriculturist in Lis pursuit
but this last he has tiot done, that I can
ace. H's statement does t.ot point cut sny
particular difference in manures.anj woulJ
be still mote valuable il he would add lo it
some facts showing the value and import
ance of the different kinds of manures.
It apears from his way of arguing that
W.S. M. wishes to convey the impresaieo
that sap runs down the tree ana men puts
on its annual layers in its downward
course. He (.peaks of the sap to run up
and spread on the upper side of the leaf,
and there be cxhuled, and the under side
of the leaf to iuhtilc : but be hie Dot fully
explained himself here. He ought to told
whether there was any communication
tetween the upper and lower side of the
leaf, such as veiu9 or arteries, for the sap
to return down ; or does he think. a the
snp is exhaled on the Uf per sida of t!.c leaf
the lower side iuhales the same sap from
the air as it leaves the upper side. When
a tree is cut down, the Mump puts forth s
sett of sprouts ; and tins proves that the
wood is formed when the sap rims up, for
the wood is formed iu those sprouts without
any sap from the downward course,
feb. 9 6ELIM.
For the Lcwhburg Chronicle.
The bin's of "A Young CW io the last
Chronicle, arc worthy of the serious atieo-
t on of many ao old one eveu among our
t wn 'arir.era. Aiunures are to a farm as
food to a man or horse they furnish its
b'ood, and its blood is lis life. Animals lo
thrive, or even to live, must be FEU and
so must land be fed, or it will soon become
worn out dead. Many hard-working
farmers seem by their actions to say that
land will yield good harvests for ever.even
when they rtturu little or nothing fir whut
they take off. They are as unreal nable
as they would be to suppose that a purse
will remain full v.l.eu you are always
taking from it and never adding to it.
But food to land or beast must be good
and nutritious to answer a laudable end
fir bad food may Marve, and even kill.
- - . ..r... th m rtrinrrle in
making beef or pork ; they select and .tody
10 find out what sorts ol food, and methods
and times are best calculated to give an
animal substantial flesh or fat ; and their
jrjecess is parallel with their knowledge.
But these same farmers may never think
that there are many sorts of manure, and
a choice in the time and manner of putting
it on land. They have vague notiou
ihji manure or dung is a good thing upon
Und ; but how it benefits, aud the times
- ana manner ot its application, they sieoi
to think or care very little about.
As a proof of :ny remarks, I point to
the total ueglt-ct of manuring by many and
ibe inefficient and careless practice of many
oiliers. Instead of nourishing land and
being repaid by it bountifully, they strip
and impoverish it, and in the end a curses
them with briers and barrenness. 1 point
to those who by their acia deem manure a
nuisance, to Le got rid of as easily as
po$sib!e. Hence you see many allowing
the sun and air to waste tbeir manure, ho
should have it in compact beeps, or under
cover, or plowed undnr a soon as t-preid.
I point to those who leave all the dep'iis
of their cattle, sheep, swine, or grese, to
be dropi ed in the road or street, to bn-ed
rank and poisonous weed, and who ought
lo have that most valuable sort of manure
on their farms. I point to those barns on
a side-hill fronting or open to the road, and
fiom v. hub il.e juice of the manure runs
lu waste in the ruad, or is partly absorbed
by a neighbor's fields. A n an mihl as
s-'iisibly leave his gtamiry open to ail who
chose to come, us bene an open burn-yard
on a side-hill descending to the road.
it is not my ourooMi tu at'euipt to add
f Hie stock of knowledge on .Minuting a
v iM and important subject. My design i,
to try to awaken the attention of farmers,
and induce them to think, 7.VA" to
r.Wrve close1 lu ex pei intent carefully I
and io gvc io the world lite beacfii of their
dU-crvatioos an I discover) s. W
From the Vtittite Farmer.
Gyrsum ita Elements and Value.
In the Usl Genesee Farmer 1 was pleased
to see a brief notice, in a part of tour late
AMrrss on Tillage, of ihe importance ol
liypsuin to the tanner. Hiving been a
Mibscriher tor mme lime, 1 have long
hoped to see in your paper a full analysis,
and description of this snide. nm an
nually selling to f-uhivators of the soil,
lore quantities, of Minima Plaster, and
should esteem it a favor if you would turn
youj attention to this subject in your next.
1. Whai are lis element as a fertilix'.'r'
2. I its beneficial action u(on the veg
etable effected by mI ,,!. on of )i:v:r;
firiiliXTs from the earU, r Irom almos-,
pheric or both I
3. is its nuniiil application to the am
nwadnw. pis'ura or irin, prejudicial lo
the soil ui the wsy of exhaustion !t .
Your answers, accotii'aoied with such
addrional remark) as cm questions uui:
naturally excite, will not only much oblige
a subscriber, but will doubtless be highly
acceptable to a large portion of -your nu
merous patrons. P. J. W., Fort Plain,
N. V., Jan. 1650.
,fnnrer to the above. Our Correspon
dent and all others are welcome to copy
into anv nancr whatever arpeare in tins
j , ,
journal, only not omitting, aa too many, do,
io give the Genesee Farmer credit for its
contributions lo the agricultural literature
and science of the -United States.
Answer to the first question
Sulphtr and lime. As dng from the
earth, 100 pounds of this mineral usually
contains some SI lbs. of water, which can
be driven off by burning at is red heat just
m the much larger per cent, of ater in
alum may be expelled when placed on
hot shovel, n making bjrnt alum. Burned
gyp-um consists ol 411 parts of lime com
bined chemieaHy with 5, parla of oil of
vitriol there ere 1 of eulpber ai d 24 of
oxygen. Omitting small fractions, there
. .. j ...........
are in IW pounas oi grounu fjpym
Oil of Vitiiol,
In the oil of Vitriol there are not far
from IP j lbs. if su'pher.
Answer lo the iccend question.
A bushel or one oi two hundred pounds
of this salt of lime spread pretty evenly
nir an acre, wdl soon be dissolved in
run or snow water, and can not essentially
if at all, increase the natural capacity of
water to absorb common air or any fertili
zing gasaes it may contuin from tho rotting
of vegetablee aud animate oa the surfaceol
the earth. Gypsum does not, therefore in
tha opinion of the writer, contribute to the
growth of pltinls from the fertilisers which
it draws directly from the air or from the
soil. Being sufficiently soluble in water
for all useful purpose, it enters directly in
to the roots of clover and other plants, and
supplies their tissues with available sulphur
and lime, from the lack of one or both of
which the crop is diusiuished both in quan
tity and profit, la most soils il is available
u?hur, more than available lime which is
wanting ; and ground piaster supplies this
want. In 100 pounds of wood or hair there
are five pounds of pure sulphur ; which
can only come from the grass, hay, and
other food of sheep, cattle, and other dum
estic aniaials. The flesh and nerves of all
aoima's. fn m man to worm, contain sul
phur. 1 hi ecu its from their aliment, w men
is deriv d pnnmri'y, from plants and the
s.iil. V hen gypsum has euabled young
clover, corn, peas, beans and other plants
to extend if.cir roots ip all directions, these
extended roots imbibe food of everv kind,
including sulphur salts as well a phopha
tee, salts of ammouia, &c, which, without
the aid ol the g pstm.the comparstively few
stunted roots had never reached, nor imbibed.
The same law of vegetable development
which enables the roou to descend deeper
into the earth, and lo cxteu 1 themselves
laterally, is equally operative iu developing
more and larger leaves above ground tor
the discbarge of vapor and gasses into the
air; and probably, for imbibing a'.imont
through the same organs. In this way, 1 6
or 20 grains of sulphate cf lime spread over
a cubic foot of earn, will eaable- little clov
er seeds, or ihe genus of the pra or bean
plant to extract from that earth, more sul
phur than the gypsum contained, and more
of all else needed to form the plants numed,
both from ibe soil and tl.e atmosphere.
Gypsum is not a ''s.imulant," for no
p'aut has nerrrs or mutckt, which can be
tlimvlattd. It is a simple, plain, every
day food, aud nothing more. In all well
draintd, well-tilled fin J, sulphur salts need
to be often added ; because of thuir solu
biliiy and deficiency in quantity, in the
soil. Form a staguant swamp, or permit
nature to do ihe same, and it will soon
abound in the sulphate of iron, (eopperas)
iu the 'sulphate ol alumina and potash,
(aluu ) in the sulpfa'e of soda and mag
uesia. (-psom and glauer salts) and in the
sulphate of lime, (gypsum.) Drain your
swamp well, and away runs all your cop
peras, alum, ttauher and epsnm salts, and
gypsum. Farmers ''must learn lo feed
their cu'tivated plants as they do their
hog, sheep, cattle and hordes just what
they need to meet the wants ol nature, and
no more to be tea tied.
Antwrr to the third question.
Il is not. If, however, the farmer is so
unwise as to restore nothing in payment
for the grass eaten by domestic animuls,
which per chance, daily go out of the pas
ture with full stomachs at night, and re
turn with empty ones in the morning, as
dairy cows often do ; an J he makes no
restitution for the hay, grain and po'a'oes
removed, then, of course, his land will
grow poor, and poorer, and p ihips a lit
tle laier, by harvesting large, intend of
inall crops. Nevertheless, we seriously
question ihe fuel, whether a large crop im
pairs fertility more than n small one. Oa
hi point we have several high'y interest
ing experiments in progres.. If iny rea
der sees, or thinks lie sees, a tr ait rial 4e
Vct in our th'-ory in reference lo the ben
fieial operation of plaster, bw wiM confe r
a favor by p.in'ing it ott.
1.EWISBURG CliltONICLU AND WEST BRANCH FARMER.
News '& Notions.
A bill has passed the Legislature of Vf is
consin, submitting the question of banks
or no banks in that State tu the people.
There have been collected in Europe,
37,000 species of insects preying on wheat
exclusive of cheat and not including
the bipeds who eat.
The Minnesota Pioneer ia urging upon
the general governuieni ihe building of a
national bridge lo span the Mississippi at
Dmiel Sullivan, aged 4!t, waa choked
to death at Boatoo on Saturday week, by
a piece of muitoo lodging in his windpipe
while eatini; his sopner. 1 his is trie second
tatal accideut of this nature in Huston, Ihe
The ant; Vnr.cxation despatch from Ld
Grey to Gov. EUin, is condemned end
ridiculed in Canada.
A man was recently sent to prison. much
inlcxicated. "Why did u t you bail bun
- . -.nil
tnji i am sw wsss cww.awsu -
ai 1" as ij m n aiMniiBl fA II 11 11U1
why, you cuidn't pump htm out !' wa
Sixty folio volumes are filled daily in
keeping the accounts of ihe mammoth
Bai.k of Knglond.
A man at Charleston, Va.. after having
disappeared for eight years, has suddenly
returned. II is estate having been distrib
uted by bis administrators, bo has com
menced a suit lor its recovery. Ur.Park
man's case may yet prove a parallel.
It is estimated that Cincinnati will by
the mxt census show a population of 125,
OliO, and St. Louis, 70,000. Neither ol
these estimates include the suburbs ol the
cities, which might be included.
The Centreville Maryland Times says
the farmers in that section are ploughing,
preparatory lo spring planting.
The N.Y. Eve. Post stales that a single
manuVtnrer in Worcester, Mss., has
made $ 150,000 by the sale of six-barnl
pistols for California. And yet. all the
California letter-writers say that fire-arms
are of little or no use there.
The Medical Times says, "moustaches
have their uses 5 and among the most im
portant, they are considered to point out
ihe idlest, the vainest, and moai sell-con
ceiled, if not probably the most dissolute in
their class. They are beacons lo warn
Two emigrants died of Cholera in the
Cincinnati Hospital, last week.
Cora is selline at Macon, Ga., for 75 to
e9 cts per bushel, and com meal at $1,
no great is the scarcity.
Wright and Gilbert.the Representatives
elect to Congress from (.-alilornia, are both
MasacliU:etts men. Gilbert ia a printer.
Of the two U S. fcVnaiofS, Col. Fremont is
a native uf South Carolina Maj. Gwynne
was from Mississippi.
jl nreirvoT 0lm matte ftr
children by immersion in phosphate of
magnesia. It will ignite by contact with
flame, but the fire, instead of spreading,
will go out immediately.
Two hundred miles of roads have been
added during the last seven years lo the
city el London. Villages which a few years
since were ten or twelve miles distant, are
now part of the great Metropolis.
In the Bank of Missouri statement, the
9 120,961 of "funds abstracted" was put
Hou.fi aa ( f retmirm!
. American bats are much worn in Paris.
Douglas Jerrold says, "Earth is so kind
in Australia, that just tickle it with a hoe,
and site laughs with a harvest."
Practically, one quarter of the French
physicians are only hornceopaibisls. So
says ihe tlome Journal.
The American Union.
A union of takes a union of lands,
A union of Stales none may sever,
A union of hearts union of hands,
American Union jar ever!
Geo. P. Morris.
Three hundred torpid snakes of various
kinds were found in one cave iiear Mur-
bysburg, 111., on Christmas, and were put
n a box to be exhibited.
A society has been formed at Chieaco.
composed of Pennslvanians resident in
that ci'.v, denominate J the "Sons of Perm.''
The only British war steamer on Lake
Ontario, the Cherokee, is lo be laid up.
Her officers and crew are to be paid off
and sent brick to England.
We learn from the Stanton (Va.) Vindi-
cator. that ihe contract for tunneling the
rime K i.1 tie, was taken, on the 21st u!t.,hv
roessrs.&eny ot vo.,oi .wary iana. ior Siyo,
000. mm , ti . r rxm .
To ascertain the leawaii of the day and
night at any time of The year, double the
time of the sun's rising, which gives length
of the nigltt. and doubling the lime of sel-
ing, which gives the length of the day.
It is said electricity will revive persons
who have taken too much Chlorufucm.
A steamer arrived at New Orleans on
he 18th inst.,from Arkansus.wilh fourteen
hundred wild turkeys.
The Go d Dollars coined at the U.S.Mint
up to the present time number 688,567.
It ia estimated that not less than 1 ,000,
000 hams will be cured in the Cincinnati
market this season.
A correspondent of ihe Plymouth (Mass.)
Rock, in speaking of a controversy be.
iweeo two members of the Massachusetts
House of Representative says, "I could
think ol nothing but a struggle between a
grasshopper and an enormous galvanized
The term "newspaper carriers' ia now
modernized thus : "Gentlemanly dissemin
ators of early intel'tgence." ...
High Fall A brick layer was killed
lately at Mount Savage, Md., by falling off
a alack 132 feet high. .
W hen Chloroform is used, il should not
he taken on. a full stomach. j
David C. KnepVy, tr ed at Harrisburg
for the murder of lii fxiher, has been ac
quitted the ground of insanity.
TUB I1HMI I!'
H. 0. HIOKOK, Editor..
O. . WORSE, FwbUslitr. '
At 11,) h la wtrasCF. (1.76 in thmr month It paU
witbBi Uu ft, LtJAI at Um ml oT tb jrw.
Acuta ia Pkiladelptu V B Ptlan al B W Carr.W
Wednesday Morning, Feb'y 13
Mra. Hays' choice piece of religious poetry shall j
appear neil work.
"Oiho" is unavoidably deferred till oar next
-Olen Hope." Willismsport, Pa. Four Hebrew
Tats" is not acraplesV because, 1st, you did not
psy your postags; M, your real osms was
not given as ; and, SJ, the lals is a whdesle
plaigarim froia piece of blsuk vsrse, under
the eaate title, wriucn by Mrs. Bigoarney
twenty ystis ago. Are you content f
(ttWe shall be professionally engaged
in Court at New Berlin, neit week, and
the week after. The Publisher will have
to play Lditor in our absence. We shall
be happy to aee our old friends, and make
as many new ones as possible, at Court.
Rates of Interest
Horace Greely, and others, assert that
the preseot rates of interest are too high,
thai ibe pursuits iajahicb men are engaged
will not, on the whole, average a profit ol
six per cent, on the cnpitnl invested
over and above the necessary expenses
and that, as a couscquence, periodical
" hard limes,'' and genernl bankruptcies
come in play lo restore ihe equilibrium
There may be somsthing in this ; yet, il
it be true, what is the reason that in Eng
land, where the legal rate of in:erest is
only five per cent., and the current rates
frequently as low as two and three per
cent., they are as much troubled with hard
times and bankruptcies, as c are on ihij
side of the Atlantic t There are many
kinds of business that will not pay six
per cent, interest on the capital invested
nod necessary expenses, to say nothing of
profits, and of course if entered into upon
borrowed capital, failure must be the re
sult. Farm lands for instance, will not
average over four per ceut., except io ihe
immediato neighborhood of large cities.
There are many other elements, besides
the rate of interest, that enter into the cal
culation of the general prosperity, though
it no doubt ia one of Ihe moot potent. It
is only the few, after all, that become em
inently successful in any puisuii iu life.
If all were to start on an equal footing,
tbose who possess the most shrewdness,
tact, knowledge of their business,economy,
and industry, would apeedily outstrip tl.e
rest, and the failure would fall among
i hose who were leas enterprising or skill
ful. Excessive competition ia any partic
ular branch of business, iaa fruitlul source
of injury ; and, where this is ibe case,
ome one must necessurily suiter. In the
commercial circles of the large cities, for
example, competition, the hazards ol trade,
losses under the credit system, interest on
capital, and ihe cost of living, makes bank
rupts of nine tenths of ibosew ho figure on
'change. And again, a vast amouut ol the
business of the country is mere speculation,
and not being regular and bone Gde in its
character, has no fixed principles, and is
not governed by established rules. This
one idea principle, is not a sufficient stan
dard with which to analyze aud develope
the element of ihe general prosperity.
The rates of interest,competition, the qual
ifications of business men, the native re
source of the country, foreign and home
markets, protection and free trade, and
many other things, besides the qualifying
circumstances connected with each partic
ular locality, all en'er into the calculation,
and, taken together, form a Cretan laby
rinth, that will keep political economists
at loggerheads for the balance of this cen
tury, at any rate.
There is a proposition before our Legis
lature lo materially modify the existing
laws against usury. This is an experiment
we think should have a fair trial.
LtT The American Lata Journal. The Feb.
No. of Ibis valuable law publication, hsa made its
I'pearsnc, and is filled with it usual variety of
interesting and important n alter. It is national
in i;a character and contents, and docs not con
fine list If to discussions and decisions of merely
local interest thus enlarging the hoiizon of
legal vision, and bringing the courts and counsel
of distant Slates into frequent and pleasurable
intercourse. lis able and aeroaip!iihrd Editors
are reaping a just reward for their labor io the
large and increasing patronage which the Journal
Wa cordially endorse the Editorial opinion
ei pressed in this No. against the practice of
requiring or permitting lawyer to l examined
aa witnesse upon 1b merits of causes in which
they are concerned as Counsel. . It ia in our
opinion a raprsbsnsibls practice, calculated to
lower lbs dignity, and sully the integrity, of the
Published monthly, by Hansastv & Co., in
Lancaster, Pa., at $4 per annum. .
: (ttT Wrn. R. M'Cay baa joined II. J.
Walters in the management of- the Lewis
town True Democrat. We wish our old
friends abundant success. Lewistownisa
place that County Seat as it is, and a
City as ihey talk about making it ought
to support both her paper in first rale
Harion College, Ho.
We observe that Western correspon
dent of the Philad. Christian Chronicle, is
giving a aketch cf Marion College, Mis
souri, and ihe men who were iia origina
tors. ; From the initials of the writer J..
M. P.," unless we misinterpret them, " we
should expect accuracy and candor in
anything Trom his pen relating to ihe history
of the West. But we think he is hardly
up io the mark in his delineation f the
character of the lamented Dr.Nelson ; and
would perhaps have formed a ditlereni
opinion if he had been personally ac-
auainte.d with him. 1 hat the Dr. pos
sessed vigor and originality of intellect, is
proved by his " Cause and Cure of Infi
delity,"a book that we wish could be
placed in the hands of every young man in
the comn unity. That be was eccentric,
is true enough ; but. though we have bad
opportunities ol observing his demeanor
in varied and trying circumstances, e
saw no manilestaiion of the "aberrations
this writer speaks of, nor did we hear of
them. The first day we sel foot on the
campus, we saw him taken prisoner by
an armed and infuriated mob of mounted
men, who thirsted for his blor d ; but he
was calm and serene as thesunny heavens
above him, and his deportment was a
quiet and self possessed, as at nny time af
terwards when we sat under his ministra
tions in the little college chnptl, or under
the broad roof of the camp ground. Du
ring the whole of the excitement and dan
ger of the 'abulilion' riots of that season,
he eshibiied a coolness and in'rrpid.ty.and
a soundness of judgment, that comn. an led
the rtispect of his enemies as well a friends
That he wa warmly enlisted in ihe
cause of missirns and labored Hiid prayed
earnestly for the conversion of the v.orld, j
is undeniable an ! his Zm! was all ihn j
greater on ac-ounl of his previous hifidef
ly. Out this surely should not. even by
remote inference, be Uid at bis door as i
fault. It would be well for the American
churches if more of their standard-bearers
had a portion of the missionary zeal and
energy for which Dr. Nelson was remark
able. Il'they had. the progress of religion
would be more rapid and thorough, and it
would be likely to possess greater depth of
We shall peruse the letters of J- M- P.
with no small interest, for the impressions
of a omewhal sore experience at Marion,
are still freah in our memory.
A stray turkey cainn lo a neighbor's
chicken coop, ihe other day, in a famished
condition, and made repeated but unsuc
cessful attempts to reach the supply of corn
on the inside. It was driven away sevr-i-nl
liunes, but as constan ly returned. Afier
the poultry were fed in the evening, our
informant was surprised losee a g nileu.aii
chicken in tho coop, pick up a grain of
corn, and politely drop it on Ihe ground on
the out side, for his starving visiter, and
con'inurd lo do so until the supply was
exhausted although it was with rflirulty
he could get his head through the narrow
space bet eeo the slats. Wu have heard
of cits suckling mice, and other similar an
omalies have occurred, but we believe nat
ural history has not recorded an exact par
allel to the above case.
Witness Box A place where one is
obliged to receive every species of verbal
insult, without being able to resent it
This depends, sometimes, upon who ha
the shnrpest tongue, and most nerve, (po
litely called brass,) the Iswyer or ihe wit
ness. A dishonest witness deserves no
mercy, and is apt to find none. But it too
often happens that worthy, but difSJent
persons suffer unjustly, from the reckless
and indiscriminate course of counsel who
lose sight of everything but their client's
cause. Witnesses are at all times under
the protection of the Court a protection
which they will find amply sufficient if
they choose to avail ihsmselves of it.
The Legislature of Indiana, in granting
divorces, append the proviso, that the par
ty applying shall not contract marriage du
ring his or her life, wiih any other person
than the one from whom he or she is di
vorced. nrRev. William Shadracii, of Pitts
burg, has announced his acceptance of the
appointment of General Financial Agent
for the University at Lewisburi;. This
is a great acquisition lo the Institution.
OCTThe Miltonian says A.W. Benedict,
the new Dep. Sec. of the Commonwealth
"has for many years been a dtvoul Whig."
What kind of a Whig is that ! Please en
lighten us. i
The Lewisburg P.st-Oltice is removed
across the street, into the store-room now
occupied by Col. Christ, where the Profes
sor of Letters may be found ready for his
customers. , .
At Gettysburg on Wednesday ht," a
verdict was obtained by Henrietta Mel
horn againl Frederick Moriu of 8400
and costs for breach of promise of marriage.
The Register says that n wild cat of
enormous size waa killed in Lack town
ship, Juniata county, op the first of last
(KrCoort commences at New Berlin
next week. For the Liat of Jurora, I rmt
List, and Register' Notices, aee aecond
column lost page. i ? t j f
U. S. CONGRESS
Neil S. Brown, Ex-Gov. of Tenoesseo,
has been appoiuted Minister to Prussia in
the place of Mr. Hannegan, recalled. II
one half the reports be true with regard
to the conduct of Mr. II. .while at Berlin,
ihe rowdy of M'jy'amensing and the Five
Points would scarcely be willing to ac
knowledge his acquaintance. . ;
Col. Fitz Henry Warren, Assistant
Postmaster General, and Lewis C Levin,
a Member of Congress from Philadelphia
had a scuffle at Ihe Nntional Hotel, in
Washington City, on Friday evening last.
but were separated before either bad suf
fered any personal injury.
Dr. Gwin.U. S. Senator elect from Cal
ifornia, and Messrs. Wright and Gilbert,
Representatives, have arrived at Washing
ton ; Col. Fremont, the other Senator elect,
was detained ai Panama by the dines of
his wife. As tbes gentlemen will.it is said,
forthwith present their credenlialsaod claim
their seats, a new impulse will be given to
the question of the admission of California
into the Union.
On Thursday of last week, Mr. Clay's
compiomise resolutiens were called up and
Mr.C. advocated their adoption in a speech
running thro' iho greater part of two days.
Hj avowed his unalterable attachment to
the Union and his opposition to the farther
extension of slavery.
for the Leu-ubuTg Chronicle.
TaxaMes Si Property in Union county.
Mr. F.Jitor : The following summary of
laxables and taxable property, wi h the
uverao of the latter lo thu foinv-r, are as
given in jour paper.
Wen Beaver do
East itulTsloe do
Went Hcllaloe do
1 1 50
SI 1 14
5i Berlin do
18 Di.lricu. j5,958,168 5350
Il I have figured correctly. Oulfaloe and
Kelly are the richi st districts within this
county, and Chapman and M.tll.nburg the
least rich. It will be seen the Townships
hold ihe gr ater proportion cf wealth, tho
much of it belongs to persons in Towns.
The "upper enJ" of the couitj north
of Penns Creek aud the mountains have
2765 Taxiibles ; average Assessment lo
each taxable, $1255.
The "lower end" (S Townships return
25G4 TaaaUca. taxed 9471 on average.
The "Sublime Porte of Turket retains
the old custom of proportioning ihe size of
its letter to the rank of the person addres
sed. One of ordinary size is sent lo com
mon persons, a larger to a civil officer.ar.d
still larger to a military man. A recent
despatch lo the Austrian Emperor, was
ever two fet t n cross ; and the Sultan's let
ter to the Czar would hve made a comfor
table door for a Russian cabin.
The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, in
the case of Jones vs Jones, Judge Coulter
gave the opinion of the Court.that divorces
by the Legislature, for causes within the
jurisdiction of the Courts, were uncon
stitutional and null. Judge Burnside
dissented. as he believed '.he decision would
produce an incalculable amount of injury.
Mr.J.Y. Scammon, of Chicago, closes a
long appral in behalf ol a western rail-road
with the following 'burst ;' "Shall the iron
horse snort in the valley of Rock River in
1852 and slake its thirst in iis crystal
stream, or shall. Fox River and the Lake
alone afford its sustenance 1" Heaven
forbid ! say wp.
" Prom California.
The Empire City, Capt. Wilson.arrived
at New York, about 12 o'clock on Wed
nesday niht, Feb. 6, after a passage of
ten days from Chagres. She brings 257
passengers, and about one and a half mil
lions in Gold Dust.
The Legists' tire mel Dec. 15, and was
organized on Ihe 17th, by Ibe choice of Dr.
T. J. White of Sacramento, a Speakor f
ihe Assembly, and K. K. Chamberlain of
San Diego, President pro tern of thu Sen
ate. Cov. Burnett was inaugurated on the
20th, immediately after which ceremony
the Legislature voted ric voce for United
Slates Senators. Whole number of vote
46 necessary to choice 24. On the
first ballot: i,
John C. Fremont 28 T. Butler King 10
Wni. M. Gwin - 28 Jno, W, Geary 5
H. W. Iliilleck ,: 14 I Robert Semple 3
. , , Thomas J. Henley 8 '
On Ibe third ballot:
Wn.. M. Gwin , 24 Thoa. J. Henley 8
H. W. Halleek 18 Juo. W. Geary 1
" T. B. King : 1, "
So that John C. Fremont and Wm. M.
Gwin were declared duly elected ; Wm. V.
Voorhies of San Francisco has been ap
pointed Secretary of Staye; J- 8. Houston,
Controller Major R. Soman, Treasurer ;
F. J, Kewen, Attorney General ; Chas. J.
Whiting, Surveyor General; S. C. Ilasl-
ings, Judge of the Supreme Court. '
Tha whole number of votes thiown in
the election for Governor and Representa
tives to Congres was only 15,000, al
though ihe State can probably poll 70.CC0
oes- . .
! ' The prospects for gold hunters for the
next season were considered very flatter
ing. ' It was thought that a. much larger,
amount would le taken oat than v. as, the,
Gold digging had been mostly suspend
ed for the season and a great many '- per
sons were flocking into the towns. . Wa
ges of common laborer were much low.
er, onlv from four to six dollars being paid.
Mechanics, such as carpenters, rr.aon,
&c commanded from f 12 to 816 a day.
The country is overrun with printer.
Money was worth from 1 to 10 per cent,
a month. Lumber was lower cargo pri
ces from S20O to $273 per M. Bricks in
demand at wd prices. Lime. $16 a bar
rel. Flour retailed al 83" a barrel. Med
Pork at 35 to $40. Butter p'-r lb. St, 50
The Oregon brrut to Pnnnrra 300
passengers $1,400 000 in gold on l.er ma
nifest and more than that amount in the
hands of pnssi pgei.
On the mnrning of the iilih of Decem
ber a fire hroleout in Dennisnn'a Kxchanye
and in two hours nearlv a million dollars
worth of projierty wn rWrojed. The
Parker House wuf among ihe . buildings
burned. All ihe hoildinj except the Del
monico Il ilel on P.i!irvjirh square, an I
i all on Wash nri n St coiniireiicinj at th's
"EI Itora'lij"' an I luruirg to Miigcmcr
t. wrre luimd.
A rire at Sti.ek'n n !?ui:div rij;lit I."-.
'iS, destroyed a run l er of building, viitri
roperty valued a .rj.,000.
VI his Meeting.
'J The U hi's ol Union county Imw
a meeting at New IV-rlm. on Tuesday t
first Court week, lln M---r Cnev un i
Pollock are to eel Iress t.V ittteiii.".
A Temperance Convention
Oi the IYo( lr oi Union County will nire;
at the Method'i I hae! in New I'er'.n in
Thursday th- !Ut io-t (Jirst Court '(';
at 114 oViock,M.. to iske into consideration
the action of th? lectn: Noi'.heiu IVnnt
Feb. 6 1S50.
Corrected this Duy.
I oro ..... . a
Oats .' 30
Dried Apples 125.
l"u f.'i nr ... .................. Ill
Taa I'ssb Stti. K ete'V branch of bus
iness etiiilJ he reduced io a eaith nstem, it woulJ
be the grrurmt wm.iI I t.U.04 to mankind, anil
lio.v rnurh iruuMe ami irr.ntty it mnul.l sae
manv ! It is 11 lirt to ga into drbr, piticu
larly with lha storrkerperp, u you hae io most
innswe. to rsv larae jiritts for goods, anj e-ii-lanily
al ibeir mrrcy. To obvjitte ihe nevsi'T
of any perron gniii in d-bi for Slots Good. C.
I Jo sis has opt-iiei) a very eiteneive store in
Milion, snd ns.ll.rij ex-Tu.'ivriy for ce. H
has put Ihe prices i.f R vM d.iwn ma low a. 1,,
mske II the ir.lensl uf rr .u to deal with him
on the ch isii. 1. nous i,itiii? MiH'
sn.l in wsi t ofrhm;. so,w, will Jo well by cali
in- fir.t at J ,ne' store.
Jan 29. in Millerton. Pernr counrv.
by Rev.Mit'ihew Allison. Jacob Hacs Jr .
of New '!erlin.ProthonoIary,S:c..ol Tni m
county, and M ss Sabah J. W. Ceozirtt.
of Fayette town-hip. Juniata county.
Jan. 31, by Rev. W. W. Orwi,i. Noah
Rennet and M.s Sabah Young, both of
Ury alley, Union county.
In M filnburg, Mond iy eveninz la-!, bv
Rev.J.G.Anspnch, Williax Broht, n.rr
chnnt, of Philadelphia, and Mrs. Raciii l
Fobstkb. of the former place.
t ...imTi...!.. . 1 r - .
- - ----- iur ItHTEnine H'TTIT-- W I
token of remembrance lo ibe KJnor. whirh m.h
manda our beaniost acknowlejg nenl anJ ni i
corJial g kmI wirhea.
In Lewibur?,7ih inst., James S. son .f
Hunter and Hannah Purdue, aged 2 year
4 months and 2 week.
In RuflMo.Gih inst., aera long illi es.
Miss Jane, daughter of John Sieans,
about 40 years.
On ihe 28th of Dec. lart7o Stephen I
county. 111., Sarah, consort of John U v
er, laieof B'jffiiit, ITnion county, ngt'J3(i
years, I. month and 3 days. " "
In Sao Fianciaco, California', Dec. i".
Maj. Robert B. Gneen, la'e of this pla.t
Htm o ears.
Hia illness lasted seven, weeks, , He w fif f
attacked wiia lypho fev. from which he hai
parlly recoveied. when dysentery rat in. il .
carried him off in ten daja. Ha dij sot yfv '
to aufkr intenecly, bat (r.dually wore awar. "J
when bs eipired bis death waa ao eay that "
eonW seaiccly be petenvaattvaen lha last bn !' i
waa drawn, four or Gee of hia friends mnc l ;
bis tide cnnitantlv. ami aflorded all po-ible '
Ha was 'sensible till within a shore lima ( " -death,
and pnfaeily rseoncilt d to his laie. H'
waa attended al hia own request by too c!fr.'.
men. Methodist and Presbvierbn, and tae c'
aolm sridencai that it wonid be well with hia 13 ! -eteiniiy.""
Ha waa buried by the aide of Col. JJ
A Bank, of Laaiown, in Ihe "Russian '
ing (round.' about a aoartar of a mile fro"1