Lewisburg chronicle, and West Branch farmer. (Lewisburg, Pa.) 1850-1850, January 16, 1850, Image 2

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For the Lcwitburg Chronicle.
Mr. Editor : In the last number of your
paper I nt an articie'on cutting limber
and sap-running, in which the writer states
that be formerly believed, that (he cap of
tret run P i the spring and down in the
fall, bat that be bad given up that idea :
bui be baa not told na bow he came to such
conclusion, oow'his reason for believing
ao. Although be may be in possession of
evidence satisfactory to himself, yet we I
are not convinced of its truih. li is said
that by causing the root to imbibe a col
ored liquid, the course of the sap may be
traced with tolerable accuracy ; it has been
found to pass up through the wood which
ia immediately contiguous to the pith, or
heart, and jhence pas.es by unknown
channels to the.bud or leaves, wbete it is
subjected lo the process of exhalation : the
fluid which enters the leavea is called the
ascending sap, and after it leaves them in
order to be distributed through the tree, it
has been called the returning sap. The
returning sap descends from the leaves
through two different structures ; the grea
ter portion however, passes through the
innermost layer of bark, and the rest thro
the outermost layer of wood. The vessels
ia which the fluids decretinns are contained
are of a peculiar kind, and eihibit tamifi-
cations and junctions resembling those of
the blood vessels of animals. It has been
discovered by the aid ot the microscope,
that the fluids contained in these vessel
are movins in currents with considerable
rapidity, as appears from the visible mo
lion ol their globules. A YorNG Oss.
Ice Houses.
As the time is come when ice is formed
bv nature, for the benefit of mnn, no far
mer or any other ersoo who can, should
neglect to lay up a store for the summer
use. It is so useful and economical, o
tag to its preserving qualities, that no one
who has butter or meat to preserve, or
water to' cool, should be without it. The
cost of constructing an ice hotwe is small
and any person can do it. II possible, the
ice house should be near or in toe cellar.
A hole of Ihe capacity desired, is first ex
cavated in the bottom of the cellar from 5
. to 6 feet deep, and the bottom covered with
stones ol a small size alter the manner ol
paving streets. Over this, when coinple-
ted,and the interstices filled with fine sand
ia superinduced a stratum of boughs, either
of hemlock, spruce, pine or fur, as may be
most convenient, the sides are then to be
lined with the same, as is also the top,
which ia formed by cross work, with an
anemic two or three feet square in the
I o
aide nr ceoter to subserve flie purpose of a
door. Into this depot the ice shuuld be in
troduced in square cakes, of uniform size,
ia order hat they may occupy less room
The whole process of constructing and fii!
ing, h will be seen, is very simple, and the
xpeni very light. A hole dug in the
ground and covered with fl it roof ot
hoard, over which ia laid tarred cotioo
cloth covered with some inches of sand,
makes a good ice house. Scientific .1m.
Useful Invention.
Mr. J. M. Ewing, of Piqua, O., has
made an improvement to detach horses
when they become unmanageable, from
carriages, which appears to be worthy of
attention, it consists of a means of inst
antly locking the fore axle-tree, so th it
there is no danger of the wheels turning
under the bed and upsetting the carriage,
and at the same time locking both hind
wheels. With this invention applied to a
earriagejfses may be detached while go
ing down a steep hill, and the vehicle bro'i
to a firm Mand without a passenger rising
Iran bis see.
Com Stalks for Winter Fodder.
Oa the 15th t June, I planted an acre
of Indian corn in drills, 18 inches apart.
Oulhe 1st ol September following, f cm it
p with a reaping book, let it cure tor three
daya in the swath, then bound it in small
aheaves and shocked, or stocked it up.
putting a hind round the tops of the shocks,
leaving the bottoms spread out for the ad
mission of air, to prevent moldiuess, and
about a month after, collected them into
lacks near the barn. I he produce of this
care kept thirty cows, for twenty dy.
fiom the 1st to the 20ih of Jantiarj.
Sw&senaule Hints.
During mild weather in winter, hardy
fru t trees may bepruned.as well as grapes,
and grafts may be cut. Young fruit trees,
which have not had a conical bank of earth
thrown round ibem.the most -rieci protec
tion from mtce.sbould have the snow trod
den round them as often as it freshly falls,
which will exclude the mice from them
Canerpihwr egas known atagtiuce by
theit knobby clusters on the smaller branch-
ehoohtbe torn or cut from the fruit
lata bcfoMHhey hatch in spring.
Geod Rule-
The E lit or of the Prune Fanner, says
he always was taught when a boy to re
frain frwm grumbhag at iwo thing. The
we. ia that which he en dm he'p and
the other, that hicb be can help.
Origin of Soap.
Son water and oil
Oue day bid a broil
As down in a glass they were dropping,
And would not unite,
Bat continued lo fight
Without any prospect of stopping.
Some pearlash o'arheard,
And quick as a word
Jumped in the midst of the dishing ;
When all three agreed.
And united with speed,
And soap waa created for washing.
Bone Seal for Cows.
It may have been frequently noticed that
cow, while giving milk, evince a disposi
tion to eat bones. The appetite is some
times very strong for them ; indeed, so
voracious are sorr cows that they will
leave all other food lor the sake of obtain
ing bones, which they will chew by the
hour together. This apparently morbid
propensity is accounted for by the follow
ing theory. Chemical analysis proves
that milk contains bone ; and it is hence
inferred that the food of the cow should
contain the elements of bone, in order to
produce milk of proper quality, or that
which is capable of affording due support
lo all parts of the system. If the ford is
destitute of any of the essential principles
of milk, the effort of nature to perfect this
fluid, may occasion a drawback on some
of ihe bodily tissues, an i ihe subs(unee of
the bones and muscles may be carried off
in the milk. The bones from this cause
become weakened, and are unable to sup
port the body. This effect is sometimes
called the " bone disease." Prof. Johns
ton, several years since, suggested that
6oie meal fed to cows, would be found
useful in such eaes. A late number ol
the Massachusetts Ploughman stales tha
number oflarmers havAricd this, and re
port that they have found it an eft ctua
Land which has- been long pastured by
milch cows has been found lo become si,
much exhausted of phosphate of lime t!.e
eanhy matter of bones that ihemlik was
deficient in this principle, and the cows be
came weak in their Irumes, and unhealthy.
On manuring the land with bones and w ith
phosphate ol lime, the comi.usiiiun of the
herbage ag.;in became perfect, and the
cows were strong, and gave go.J and nour
istiing Link Jlibuny Cultivator.
Noble Sentiments.
Agriculture leeds us ; to a great extent it
cloihesus ; without it we wild not have
manufactures, and we should not have
com.irf-rce. These, all stand together, hut
i hey- stand together like pillars in a cluster,
the largest ia the center, and that largest
is agriculture. Let us remember, too,! hat
we live in a country of small farms, and
fee hold tenements; in a country in which
men cultivate with their own hands, their
own lee imp'e acres ; drawing not only
their subsistence, but also their spirit o
independence and manly freedom. from the
ground ihey plow. They are at once its
owners, its cultivators, and its defenders.
And whatever else may be undervai ued,or
overlooked, let us never lorget that the cul
livation of Ihe earth is the most important
Isbor of man. Mnn may be civilized, in
some degree, wilhout great progress in
manuiactures, and with little-commerce
with his distant neighbors. Bui without
the cultivation ol the earth, he is, in all
countries, a savage. Until he stops from
the chase, and fixes himself in some place
and se ks a living from the earth, he is a
roaming barbarian. When tillage begins,
other arts follow. The farmers, therefore.
are the founders of human civilization.
Daniel Webster.
Never keep your cattle short ; few far
merscao atford it. If you starve them,
they will starve jou.
It is a error to plant seeds from a State
further South. In a cold season, only
the seed from a colder climate will ripen
we' i.
The better aoima's can be fed, and the
more comfbratble they can be kept, the
more profitable they are, and all farmers
work for profr.
Is a science and an art. e are to
learn the science in a school the art on a
farm. A man who wn laugh; his skating
from a book, relying on thai, would proba
bly break Lis head, in his first trial upon
the ice:tscl. Precisely so with the leach
ing of plow ieg by a book. The Agricul
tural school and the experimental farm
must go together.
Agriculture, like the leader of Israel,
strikes the rock the wa'ers flow, and the
famished peoj.Ieare satisfied.
All the energy of the hero, and all the
science orilie philosopher, may find scope
in ihe cultivation of one farm.
Bones as a Manure. It is a fact well
established hy agricultural chemistry, that
sin.'IW pound of bones contain as much
phophoric acid, (one of the essential in
gredients of wheat,) as one hundred pounds
f wheat. Notwithstanding this, it is true
that many families io the United 8 ales
waste more bones than wou'd be required
o manure, in this re-pert, the amount of
the wheat ercy they consume.
Whole meal bread hae one-third more ,
i nutriment ihau fico w beaten flour bread. I
A Ship Passage Across the Isthmus of
Panama. Such a project appears to have
been started ia London, which has been re.
ceivedwith favor. The plan is to connect the
rivers Atsaio and Neipi, between which
the gigantic chain of the Cordilleras dips
to a pass of but a few hundred leet in
height. A deputation of the promoters
has bad an interview upon the subject with
Lord raimersion, at the roreign Office.
His lordship received the project favorably.
The plan is at present under the consider
ation of several parties of capital and in
fluence, and, should their decision prove
favorable, it is intended to dispatch to Nit
wit h an engineer, in company with some
able assistants, to the spot. Providence
Dreadful Deuth. The Wheeling Ga
zette srvs a man named James Ctrl was
found on Monday morning among the
fragments of rock, ol the base of oue of
the steepest precipices of the stone quarries
near that city. He bad hi lien the prece
ding tiight in a state of intoxication, over
the piecipice, a distance ol about lorty
feel, and though none of his bones were
broken, he was Irighlfullv bruised and
otherwise injured, internally, it was tlio't,
suflii-ieatly to produce death. Ha had
commenced slipping at the summit of ihe
lull, some 50 feet Irom the cliff Irom
whence he finally fell ; the marks of his
stru!liii! hands and feet were plainly
traced in the snow.
Frank), n and Marshall Colleges. It is
proposed to remove Marshall College from
Mercersbutg lo Lancaster, Pa. ; the design
is to unite it with Franklin College at the
latter place to he under the joint control
mainly of the Lutheran and German Re
formed churches. The Theological Insti
tution to remain at Mercersburg.
The Scarlet Fever continues to prevail
to an alarming extent in Montgomery Co.,
Md. The U k I-vilie Journal ays:
" In this town and neighborhood, as
many as lour and five children of a family
are down with it. There have been some
deaths, but lew in proportion to the num
ber that have been attacked. "
A Long Pen-IIohler. On Saturday af
ternoon an operator in the Kastern Tele
graph Office in New York city succeeded
in writing direct to Ha'ila.x, N. S., a dts
tmce ol nearly one thousand miles of
continuous wire. This is the greatest dis
tance that any telegraph has yet worked
Distressing Casualty. The nil of Ad
ams county. Pa , was dest roved by fire
on Monuav morning. Jan. 7, and two in
Kane persons, Isaac Musselman an 1 John
loner, who were cnnlined in the prison
perished in the flames. One of them, To
ner, was chained to the floor. Every pos
s ble effort wus made to save them, but in
False Weight in Ficur. Kastern deal
era have frequently comp'aincd ol the
horl weight nt flour Irom the west. 1 1,
inspector at Pittsburg is determined to cor
rect the Irnud, and a person who was sell
ins a lot of flour from Well&ville of les:
than the required weight, has been made
lo pay 870 fine.
Millions of pigeons have been filling the
woods lor miles around r rankiin, lenn.
for several weeks past. Thes have
roost several miles in extent in the edje of
Hickman county, and with a torch and
Hub ihe people sally out and bring home
(heir game by meal bags lull.
Taking ihe Veil. It is asserted by the
(.inciiir an Times that Miss Irving, ol M
lnl', a favorite grand-daughter of Henry
Clay, has expressed her determination to
lake the veil. I Ins defrminanon has oc
casioned much grief to Mr. Clay.
To Stop Mouse Holes. Take a plug of
common hard soap, stop the hole with it.
and you may rest assured you will have
no further trouble from that quarter, it
is equally effectual as regards rats, roach
eg, and ants.
Pardoned. James Crown, under sen
tence of death, at Camden, S. C, for ne
uro stealing, has been pardoned by Gov,
Sea brook, on condition of leaving ihe State
as soon as his health will permit.
Caution to Parents. A child 17 months
old was strangled to death in Philadelphia
by the clothes from a bedstead over the
trundle bed, on winch it was sleeping
geltiMg twisted round its neck.
Boston, J in. 3
The trial of George Cox fur the mutder
of David K. Ilogan, has resulted in a ver
diet of manslaughter, and a sentence ef 7
years' confinement in the State prison
Breach of Promise. A girl of the name
of Hannah Leander recovered a verdict of
1.700 at St. Louis, on the 2!)ih ult..
ugainst a Mr. Wilcox, for breach of mar
liage promise.
Deaths at York. During the past year
there were 180 de'iths at York, la., of which
number 120 were adults and 60 children.
The population of the place is only about
5.000. '4
The Usury Laws. Meetings of citizens
f Cincinnati have been held to prepare
memorials to the Legislature, pi ay tug a
repeal of the law against usury.
The Mississippi. This river was still
rising at New Orleans on the 3d in-t int
and. great apprehensions continued to be
entertained ol another oveihVw.
The Selectmen of Hallowell, Me., have
evinced their regard for the rising uenera-
tion, by selling apart one street expressly
tor them to slide in.
The Slave-trade in the neighborhood of
Cape Coast, Alrtca, continues lo be very
brisk. Slaves are sold there at thirty-two
dollars apiece.
Patience is a moral mrxqnito net. Po
liteness is like an air cushion there mav
be nothing in it, but it eases our jolts won
Married men are, by a recent order, to
be excluded from holding office in the
household of the Emperor of Austria.
There will not be a total eclipse of the
n in any part of America until the 7th ol
August, 130920 years.
A poor woman died of starvation- in
Louisville, Ky., some days since.
Foreign News.
Arrival of the Canada. Two Weeks
Later from Europe.
H alifax, January 13, 1850.
The steamship Catiat'a, with two weeks
later intelligence from tvirope, has just
reached this port, and will leave for New
York in about two hours
From Kngland there is no political news
of consequence.
Parliament is to assemble on the 3J of
The overland mail from India had ar
rived. The news, however, possesses but
little interest.
A rebellion! a formidable character
had broken out in Servia, which had
alarmed the Austrian Government.
Account from Vieotia and Berlin of the
22d ult., state that a rebellion of a most
formidable character had broken out in
Servia, in Sclavonia, and the military
boundaries are up in arms against the
Austrian government. The Sclavonian
and Servian boundary regiments have re
voited and raised t ho cordon of the Turk'
ish lie.) tier, so that their rear is fully st
cured Irom the Ltreton ol thetr rear in
Turkey. They are assured beforehand of
all support a circumstance which will be
complicated between Austria and the Porte.
The boundary regiments which have
revolted are among the bravest and hardi
est soldieia in the Austrian service. The
grounds of their using is resistance lo ihe
decree of Nov. 18, organizing the Woods-
chaff. The chief movement is in the
Servian, Peter wardcin and U'eteck mi itu
ry districts, which nro e.xa-peratcd at be
ing excluJed from the VVoodschaft. The
military force of the rebels u 120,001)
men. This force, it appears highly proba
ble, will be hourly swelled by desertions
I'ruin the Austrian regiments in Peterwur
detu, Lsstg, etc.
it is said that Russia has been intriguing
to gel up this insurrection, in order to have
both Austria aud Turkey dependent upon
her. The proof of which Russian agita
tionis daily growing more and more da
ring, and the incredible activity of the
agents of lhat powr leads to the conclu
sion that a sanguinary eulaiigiemttiii will
speedily break out between Uussia aud
1 urkey.
The prince of Servia has already re
fused to pay the tribute doe lo the Poite ol
34.000 ducats, and the arming of all male
adults is being carried on wiih the greatest
po.-Mble activity, without any one know
ing where the arms come from.
A considerable leduction is contemplated
in the British Army and Navy.
Serious Accident.
The fly-wheel attached to the largest
engine in the Moiitour Rol ii.g Mill at this
place, weighing about 25 Jons, suddenly
broke, early on Monday morning last,
while going at the rate of about 80 rcvolu
ians per minute, throwing the segments
w eighing about two and a half tons each,
with violent force through the roof of ihe
building. The crash was tremendous.
We are happy lo state, however, that but
one person was slightly injured, although
there was a large number of hands in the
mill at the time. The accident was occa
sioned by some villain in human shape
throwing a piece of iron, 2 inches in length
between the cogs of the main driving w heel
and the spurr wheel, which by the tudden
check it occasioned in the machinery,
caused the segments of the fly-wheel to
tear from their fastnings with violent force.
The scoundrel who would thus wantonly
endanger the lives of hundreds of his fellow
men, is worse than the midoiht assassin,
and we trust that every good citizen will
assist in ferreting him out, in order to bring
him to condign punishment. The damage
occasioned is but trifling iq comparison to
the many exaggerated fly ing reports. The
workmen are already busily engaged to
make the necessary repairs without a mo
ment's delay, and it will be but a short
time until the mill will be again in full
operation. Danville Democrat.
The following strange story ia related
in the Baton Kouge Gazette (extra) of the
6th ultimo : A very singular or rather
extraordinary escape from death occurred
to on of the deck hands of the Magnolia
on her last trip up from New Oilejiim.
The man alluded to was sitting on the bow
of the boat asleep, when ho fell overboard
and slipped under the boat. The next in
stant he was picked up by ono of the pad
dles of the wheel, and sa.'ely. and without
injury, deposited in the wheel-house. So
sudden was all this dune, that he woke up
very much astonished at ihe cold bath he
had undergone, but entirely ignorant, until
inlormed, of the curious revolution and
fearful escape from death through which
had passed.
Pithy. "New York loves the Union
of the Slates : She will not contemplate
the possibility ol its dissolution; and sees
no reason to calculate the enormity of such
a calamity. She also loves the cause of
Human Freedom ; and sees no reason to
abstain from an avowal of her attachment.
While, therefore, she holds fast to the one,
the will not forsake the other." Annual
Menage of Got. Fish, of N.Y.
Two Weeks Later from California
By an arrival at New Orleans on the
9th inst., from Chagres, the N.Y.Tribune
has intelligence from California io the 1st
San Francisco, Dec. 1 1849.
The stearnt.-r Oregon, due from Panama,
has not yet reached San Francisco-
The canvass of voles cast at the Stale
Election shows that about 15,000 were giv
en in all.a smaller number than that of the
citizen en'iilcd lo vole, and much smaller
than whs anticipated.
Peter H. Burnett is elected Governor,
John McDougal, Lieutenant Governor.
The numbers elect to the U.S.Houscof
Representatives are Geo. W. Wright and
Edward Gilbert. All these gentleman are
Democrats. Of the complexion of the Leg
islature or the prospect as to the candidates
for U.S. Senator, there is nothing decisive
to be added.
Labor is becoming constantly cheaper at
SanFrancisco.oo account of the great num
ber of persons coming down from the mines
to spend the winter, and seeking occupa
tion in every department of industry.
The prices of vegetables here are enor
mous, owing to their scarcity, and, in fact,
the necessaries of life generally are much
higher than thev were at this time last
Heavy boots are now selling at San
Francisco at the rate almost imaginable
to any one but a Caiifornian of ninety-
six collars a pair.
The growth of this city is still without a
parallel even in Ihe records of magic, it
now numbers twenty thousand regular in
habitants, lo say nothing of the vast num
ber of the transient population.
Commerce with other ports is growing
more and more active, and the Bay no lon
ger presents the spectacle of a desert of in
active shipping. The departures of vessel
dming the month of November equaled
the arrivals in numlier ; and the trade with
all parti of the Pacific is not only becom
ing active but regular, and is Menddy un
dergoing a vast increase.
The last of ihe Overland emigration that
is to be epec'ed this year has crossed the
Sierra Nevada.
I he rainy season has set in and has
made the ground among 'he mines well
a the road thither, impassnbte in many
places. A great number of miners are
without their uual supplies and have no
means of obtaining n'cesaries. There
will be much suflenng if ihe roads do not
become betier.
Freight from Stockton to the Diggings
is 75 cents per pound. Flour at Stockton
h1 per pound, and other articles in the
same proportion. j
The quantity of gold dug still continues
to increase. The yield of Ihe river bars is
great ; they are as rich as ever- Compa
nies are now being formed to work the
strata of quartz, which are very rich in
gold. Tests which have been made at San
Francisco give from one dollar and a half
to three dollars worth ol gold from every
pound of quartz.
Thejcsrpentersat Sacramento City made
a strike for higher waes as they were on
ly paid a day, whereupon the contrac
tors settl-'d the d'fliou:ty hy raising their
wages lo f 1 0.
Tuc weather here is delightful. The air
is bland and balmy as an Italian summer
and the hills around the Bay are alieidy
covered wi ll a fresh crop of grass. Yours
truly. Bayard Taylor.
LATER. The N. O. Pic-yune, of 2d
inst., has Panama news to 16th ult.
The Alabama brings $250,000 in gold
The passengers from California give a
deplorable account of affairs there. They
represent the scurvy as prevailing m the
mines to an alarmiu extent.
A gold mine had been discovered by the
Indians in the province oT Veraguas, and
some of the Americans were going there,
The Cbagres river had a rapid and a
destructive rise, i
Our Legislators.
Among the new Senators, perhaps the
most prominent is John H.Walker.of Erie.
Wm.F.Packer, of Lycoming, is the next
best new material in the Senate. He is a
large man, inclined lo corpulency and of
rather prepossessing appearance he is
U'andin his manners, familiar in conver
sation, and understands making friends and
keeping them. He is a tactician. He has
twice been elected to the House, and wns
honored with the Speakership bothsessions.
Col. Cli Slifer, the member from Union
county, is here and always at h:s post. Tho'
a young man, and wilhout Legisl.itive ex
perience, he promises to make a very ac
tive and influential member. Kditorial
Correspondence of the Juniata Sentinel,
Brilliant Meteor. At Ihe resoVwe of
Irving Spence, Esq., on the night of the
28th ultimo, a singular yet beautiful mete
oric appearance illuminated lha whole
neighborhood, and so brilliant was il that
the most minute objects were plainly dis
cernable in ihe house, though the night
was very dark, and the premises seemed
as if lit up with bonfires. It descended
in an obloog shape, and seemed in dissolve
noiselessly as it approached tho earth.
Snow II U (Md ) Shield.
H. O. BICXOK, Editor.
O. H. WOBDEN, Publisher.
At t .,V) rash in wItoikt, 1.75 in Urn awnth, fi paid
within thf ynr, am! $2..'i0 t Ih rnd or tb vr.
AgrnU in l'hiisdlbin Y B Talma and E W Can.
Lcttisburff, Ma.
Wednesday Morning, Jan'y.16.
Court Proclamation Sheriff's Sales.
See the second column on the last page
of this day's paper.
(CTThe following are the officers of the
Lewisburg Bridge Company for the ensu
ing year :
PresidfM Wa Cameron. Managers 'John
Iteter, Abbot Green, Jmra F Linn, Mar no
Driesbach, rhootaa Hayea, George fcchnabel.
Treaxurer and Clerk Jamex Ueddee.
From the Lewisburg Californians.
We have just had handed in two letters
from " W.H.C." to a friend, ihe interesting
portions of which our readers shall have
oext week.
Attention !
From the following official information.
it appears any Postmaster whose neighbor
thinks him honest enough lo be entrusted,
may bean Agent for the Chronicle suffi
cient, to forward monies on account, wilh
out any loss to subscriber or publisher :
Post Ornra DErariiT. )
Appointment Office. DrC. 31. 1849. $
Sir The Pa.tma.-'Wr General, after careful
con.ideralion of the question as to the light of
Postintaler lhat have the privilege of franking,
to frank lettere lo publuhrr ol oewapapera cov
ering mourj for uhwilions or Ihe names of
utwriinrra, baa derhlei). that when the Porttmsa-
ler is A ijrnt U ilia .uhli.-btr he has the power
lo I rank alien letu r-, and bis Agency will be pre
aunvd irom ihe fact lhat be fianka them. As no
Postioatter baaaujr authority to frank iheao com
munications but whi n be is auch an Agent, it ia
proper to regard him as acting in'thal opacity
wuen be ao conducts oulil inlormation w re
ceived to I be contrary. In doing this busmesx.
the roMmasier must be regarded as entirely the
Agent of ihe publisher and not ot the Drpart
rtiein. Vtry respectfully. &c.
H. Fuller, Ei-., Kliur of ibe Mirror, -YY.
1 paid in advance will pay for the
Chronicle lor ri-;ht months, for tixletn
months and soon.
Slew Hall Route.
A dnilv rou I from Selinsgrove to Will
iainspori, up this siCe of the river, has long
been needed by our cinx-'us, and a more
lavorrtble time could not be found than the
present, to have tnis new route established
Ol the convenience and necessity of this
proposed arrangement, there Can be no
doubt. This route is thu nearest and most
direct, and much time and distance would
he saved in the irsrifmission of the Nor
thern mail from Harrisburg and Washing
ton. A large amount of travel would pass
this way, especially in the winter time,
and the welfare of the traveling public be
greatly promoted. - The nty oawtcW that
previously existed has been removed by
the completion of ihe new Bridge over the
West Bianch at Wiliiamsport. To the
people along the line of tjie new route, il
is a matter of the first importance. There
is no just reason why lite Eastern and
Southern mail for Lewisburg should
almost invariably be behind time ; nor can
any be shown for putting off the people of
New Columbia, White Deer Mills, Union
town and Road Hall, with a mail only once
a week. Public opinion here is unanimous
upon this subject, and is warmly enlisted
in behalf of the new route. Now is the
time to have petitions circulated, at all the
principal points on the routetnd forwarded
to Washington at an early day. Congress
has but just got to work, and if timely and
vigorous efforts itre put forth, this measure
may be stxedily accomplished.
Our readers wi'l see thai we have been
favored with a reply to Capt.Gundy's last
communication. This will give trie Captain
an opportunity to explain his views still
further, and we hope bring other writers
into ihe field on that or some other kindred
subject. Th.s is what we wan:. Such
discussions will elicit truth throw new
light upon disputed points and give fresh
interest lo our paper. We wish to appro
priate a large portion of our columns to
"The Farmer's" Department, and (as we
said last week) are anxious lo be furnished
with original articles for that head, even if
they should be only ten lines in length and
should state but a single fact. Facts are
what are wanted, as well as theory ; and
the more we can gel, the better. A number
of our acquaintances on this side of the
river have promised to aid us by their
contributions ; and we hope our esteemed
friend in Ch Ihsquaque (tbsn whom none
is more competent) will soon find leisure
to illustrate with his pen the nolne science
to which his time and talents are ao suc
cessfully devoted. i( : 4 .
C7Tbe mild weeiher and heavy rains
last week, spoiled the sleighing, and left
the roads bare in many place. The West
Branch was swollen hall bank full, and
the ice on the river has disappeared. The
wra'ber ia now e'eir and frosty. -
fTT'Our acknowl. dgements are due to
oar brethren ol the press for their com
plimentary notices. W'e cordially recipro
cate their good w ishes.
03"The Philadelphia Model Courier
says, ;the scarlet lever ia raging to
great eiteat in this city at preseau"
WamlUQ. Innocasewill
we Uke less than 2 60 for Uat year's
subscriptions unless paid this month.' All
payments on the ' present year must also
be paid this month to make 91.50 answer.
We would prefer being paid
NOW but those who delay can not ob
ject because we go by the published terms.
Fair warning last notice !
Io the Senate, several warm discussions
upon Slavery have incidentally sprung up.
Mr Clay replied at length lo the speech
of Mr. Cass on Hungarian affaire, and
opposed the resolutiooofTered by the latter,
on the general ground of its impolicy. Mr
Hale also opposed it, because if we s5t in
judgment upon Austria, we may be con
demned by other nations on account ol
Southern Slavery.
Mr.Bt-nton gave notice of a bill proposing
to the Slate of Texas the reduction of her
boundaries, the cession ol her exterior
territories, and the relinquishment of all
her claims on the Uuited States.for a con
sideration to be paid by the U. S.
In the House, on the 20th ballot, Hon
Tb.Jefl.Cunpbell wis re-elected Clerk by
the following vote :
Campbell. Whig 112
Fornev, Democrat 86
French, Free Soil 11
Scattering 3
Necessary to a choice, 1 12
The next day (Jan 12) ;be 4th vote for
Ser;;ent-at-arins stood
Giddimrs, Whig 104
Lne, Democrat - 89
Scattering IS
Necessary to a choice. W9
The following are the Committee on
apportioning the Sta'e into Senatorial and
Representative Districts :
Sisatb. Mf-M Packer. Brooke, Matthias.
Brawiey.ZWwe Foray tb and Walker I Whig,
3 Drm.
Hoc! Memr. Hoze, Ue.iamnnt.firn Ca-a-n
i. Vornyn, Hatting. Leonard. Miller, O'Xeilr,
Packer, Smyser. SxiJ-r. Meek, Klllintr, Por
ter, Lair J and rowell9 Wbiga. U Drin.
In ihe Senate, the $300 Act of tail set
sion and Hometead Eemption,have been
up for discussion, but no definite activn
Mr. Muhlenburg, from the J'idieiury
Committee, reported " an nc for the nv r
aeneral publication of the Lawa," unfav
orable lo the same; and on motion, tho
"ommitteewere discharged Irom ihe further
consideration of the subject.
Mr. Mat bias (in place) reported" a bill In
repeal the law againt usury, and regu
late the rates of interest.
In the House, Mr. David submitted
joint resolutions opposing the extension of
The application of the York Savings
Institution for a bank charterwas negatived.
Carl'' is welcome, and shall have
anvarty imrrt'.on. We shall b happy t
receive the document he speaks of. Our
correspondent will permit us to make one
suggestion, i. e., young writers never loss
anything by bestowing time and labor up
on their productions. Writing does not
come by inspiration, but is the result ol
labor and practice, and a good style as
well as ready pen, can be acquired in no
other Cay.
Holden's Magazine Graham's ditto
and The City Item, have not been received
by us, ait hV advertised in this paper and
marked copies forwarded. Book ut. gen
tlemen, and you'll keep "booked up "
Oa Thursday, by tb Rev. Mi. Hamilton. Mr
Jacasev MVaraaua and Mias Baspau Fio
ik. Miltoaian.
Al New Colombia, L'nioa Cav, IStb inst Mia
As Euxaarra Assesit, in her Slat year
bnrwd ia the Lswiabarg Cemetery.
At Wast Greenville, Mercer Co, SOth nlL Mr
Hesbt Dikbl, formerly of New Berlin, aged
about 30 years.
05" Rev. Samuel Milleb.D D.for many
years the Senior Professor of Theology at
Princeton, N.J.. and for more than half a
ceulury one of the shining lights of the
American Church, died on the 7th inst., at
the patriarchal age of 82 years and 2
months. Dr, M. was born near Dover,
(Del.) Oct. 31. 1769, and graduated al the
University of Fa. of which be was the old
est living graduate in 1789. He studied
Theology with Dr-Nesbit, at Carlisle.Pa.,
and settled in New York in 17 93, where be
continued till the year 1813, when he waa
called by the General Assembly to aid in
founding the Theological Seminary at
Princeton.with which he remained connec
ted till his death. Dr.M.waa pre eminent
ly, in ihe best sense of the term, a Christi
an gentleman whose personal address
and deportment would have conciliated re
spect and attention with most polished
courts. Aewark Daily Ms.
Corrected this day
Wheat ,.
Dried Apples
Eggs . . .' .
1 allow . . . .
Lard ...
Pork ...