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Published Every Thursday lUrsiag
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Hi MfMNi Single rnplaa. r'.rv i
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a,urit InsSltlnn IsroKFH'B. Nrartna Coast? Court Uousc,
kawn Hie Fit National Hank mail Hia Cxantyjall.
The trial ttuoughout was decorous. The
(aurt room was denial all persons who had no
business there. All the court officers seemed
determined that there should be not the slighest
display of the spirit of revenge. The verdict
was received with dignity becoming so solemn a
matter. 1 he last lesson in proper government
learned by Ieon Czolgosz ought to last him
Justice of the Supreme Court,
WILLIAM l POTTER,
HON. H. M. McCLURE.
GEO. A. BOTDORF.
The trial of Leon Czolgosz for the murder of
President McKinley was brief. His ease was
culled last Monday morning at 9:30; his doom
was scaled last Thursday afternoon at 4 o'clock.
From the opening of the case to the verdict of
the jury, less than 30 hours elapsed. Could
Justice White have accepted the prisoner's of
"guilty,' his trial would have lceii breifer still.
The verdict of murder in the first degree was
inevitable. The evidence of guilt was conclu
sive. The prisoner himself admitted his orime;
yes, boasted it. He left no opportunity for
defence other than that of insanity, and, though
counsel employed eminent alienists to determine
his :::ental condition, insanity was not establish
ed. Between mental irresponsibility and a mind
deranged by anarchy, there appears to have been
in the minds of tin; junior-;, a difference sufficient
to make the prisoner accountable for his crime.
Czolgosz being accountable, the verdict was cer
tain. The verdict was reached with exact eomoli-
Aug. 20 I
desolate plains of Patagonia to north of the
Canadian line, and lives alike among tiie snow-
clad peaks of the Andes and in the steaming
forests of the Amazon. Doubtless careful in- i o
vestigation will disc'os- several varying forms gf,e Suffered for YearS and
in an animal found over such immense tracts ot 1 rDU uor Poco Wac Hnno
bit iivi vrutfv iiuvi iivvv-
. 1 I. " J 1 I . . . '
country una living miner suen imeriy inverse
A JUDGE'S WIFE nSSVL.
THE EARTH'S FACE.
tie men of Austria celebrated on
.1 ul .1 I t ll 1 i I I
g. zii me seventieth mrtnuay oi trot.
Edward SCBBB, the most distinguished geologist
of that country, who, at the end of the last
semester of the university year, retired from the
chair of geology in the University of Vienna,
after a service of thirty-Hive years.
For nearly a half century Prof. SUBSfl has
contributed frequently to the literature of his
scientific specialty, but nearly all his studies and
writings have been prejtaratory to the production
of his great book "Das Antlitz der Erde" ("The
Face of the Earth"), in three volume, which he
was over eight years in writing. In this !ook
he rejects the plutonic theory of the origin of the
surface features of the earth by which mountains,
for example, are attributed to outbursts of the
fire forces in the interior of the earth; he believes
that volcanoes play a very subordinate part in
the formation ot mountains. He holds, with
many other geologists, that the elevations and
depressions of the rock surfaces are due primari
ly to the cooling and consequent shrinkage ot
the earth's crust, which results iu the breaking
of the strata and the uplifting or folding of the
rock masses. He accounts, on Ins theory, for
the raisings and sinkings of various parts of the
earth's crust that are known to lie still in pro
gress, and for the differing positions of the sea
edge in various geological epochs.
Science knows, of course, that this theory did
not originate with Prof. Si;ks.s. It has long
been held by many of the most eminent geolog
ists. The distinctive merit of his work in that
never before was so vast an array of evidence
adduced tending to substantiate the correctness harm
conditions. But in its tssentinl habits and
traits, the big, slinking, nearly uni-colored cat
seems to lie much the same everywhere, whether
living in mountain, open plain, or forest, under
arctic cold or tropic heat. When the settlements
because thick, it retires to dense forest, dark
swamp, or inaccessible mountain gorge, and
moves about ouly at night. Iu wilder regons
it not infrequently roams during the day and
ventures freely into the open. Deer are its
customary prey where they are plentiful, bucks,
does, and fawns being killed indifferently.
Usually tlied-.er is killed almost instantaneously,
but occasionally there is quite a scuffle, in which
the cougar may get bruised, though, as tar as I
know, never seriously. It is also a dreaded
enemy of sheep, pigs, calves, and especially colts,
and when pressed by hunger a big male cougar
will kill a full-grown horse or cow, moose or
wapiti. It is the special enemy of mountain
sheep. In 1886, while hunting white goats
north of Clarke's f rk of the Columbia, in a n.
gion where cougar were common, I found them
preying as freely on the goats as on the deer
It rarely catches antelope, but is ij nick to seize
rabbits, other small beasts, and even porcupines.
No animal, not even the wolf, is so rarely seen
or so difficult to get without dogs. Ou the
other hand, no other wild lcast ot its size and
power is so easy to kill by the aid of dogs .
There are many contradictions in its character.
Iike the Ameriian wolf, it is certainly very
much afraid of man; yet it habitually follows the
trail of the hunter or solitary traveller, dogging
his footsteps, itself always unseen. I have had
this happen to me personally. When hungry it
will seize and carry off any dog; yet it will
sometimes go up a tree when pursued even by a
single small dog wholly unable to doit the least
It ij small wonder that the average
less Cured by
its accuracy carried so far
Some of the data he used and the conclusions
he adduced may be proved, in time, to lie erron-
ance with every legal prescription for the defense I poug, However this may be, he has produced
of the prisoner. The proceedings from the the most aurthoritative and exhaustive Iwok yet
written upon the surface features of the earth and
the manner of their formation. As Dr. YVich
.mann of (lotha has said of him, SUEBfl was a
road breaker, and the future investigation of the
problems he treated must always take into ac
count the way he made for himself and for the
specialists who will come after him.
moment of arrest till the closing argument
was made, were entirely regular. Every safe
guard provided for the interests of the murderer,
was invoked in his behalf, Every reasonable
technicality of law was availed in his defense.
Justice was swift but it was just, iu striking
comparison with the false ideas that caused the
wretch to assassinate President McKinley.
Justice never stood in more forcible contrast
with injustice OS in this trial for a crime as
senseless a it was horrible.
of the theory; and never before were proofs of frontjer settler should grow to regard almost
with superstition the great furtive cat which he
never sees, but of whose presence he is ever
aware, and of whose prowess sinister proof is
sometimes afforded by the deaths not alone of his
lesser stock, but even of his milch cow or saddle
The cougar is as large, as powerful, and as
formidably armed as the Indian panther, and
quite as well able to attack man; yet the in
stances of its having done so are exceedingly
rare. The vast majority of the tales to this
effect are undoubtedly inventions. But it is
foolish to deny that such attacks on human
beings ever occur. From "With the Cougar
Hounds," by THEODORE ROOSEVELT, in the
THE REAL COUGAR.
tABLES aside, the cougar is a very inter
esting creature. It it found from the cold,
Mrs. Judge McAllister writes from 1217
West SSrd it., Minneapolis, Minn., M fol
lows: "I suffered for years with a pain in the
mall of my back and right side. It In
terfered often with my domestic and
social duties and I never supposed that
I would be cured, as the doctor's medi
cine did not seem to help me any.
"Fortunately a member of our Order
advised me to try Peruaa and gave it
uch high praise that I decided to try it.
Although I started in with liUle faith, I
felt so much better In a week that I felt
"I took It faithfully for seven weeks
and am happy Indeed to be able to say
that I am entirely cured. Words faU to
express my gratitude. Perfect health
once more Is the best thing I could wish
for, and thanks to Peruna I enjoy that
now." minnie E. McAllister.
What used to be oalled female diseases
by the medical profession Is- now called
pelvic catarrh. It haa been found by
experience that catarrhal diseases of the
pelrio organs are the causo of most cases
of female disease.
Dr. Hartman was among; the first of
America's great physicians to make this
discovery. For forty years ho has been
treating diseases peculiar to women, and
long ago he reached the conclusion that
a woman entirely free from catarrhal
affection of those organs would not be
subject to female disease. He therefore
began using Peruna for theso cases and
found it so admirably adapted to their
permanent cure that Peruna has now
becomo the most famous remedy for
female disease ever known. Every
where the women are using it and prais
ing it. Peruna is not a palliative sim
ply ; it cures by removing the cauao uf
Dr. Hartman has probably cored more
women of female ailments than any
other living physician. , He makes these
cures simply by using and recommend
Miss Phoebe Cary Sheffield, writes
from Seguln, Texas, as follows:
"I have followed your directions and
treatment, and will always thank you
for your kindness. Your modicinc is the
only medicine that gave me relief from
heavy pains In my chest, on account of
which I could hardly rest at night. Sev
eral of my friends thought I would go
la to eaaampMoa. X now think I am
well, but will always have a bottle of
Peruna In the house. I think Peruaa h
the bett medicine la few world, for I
went to my horn doctor and they
never 414 ma any good, but when I took
your medicine It did ma all the good In
the world. I have recommended your
wonderful treatment to my friend.
Since I hare taken Parana I look like
a new woman." Mist P. C. Sheffield.
Mrs. William Kenning, Mt. Clemens,
"I am happy to be able to write you
that I am now again well. I was not
well for a year, and did not know what
ailed me. Last fall I got a bottle of Pe
runa. It did me good. I wrote to Dr.
Hartman for a book '111 of Life,' and he
luckily sent me a book about my dis
ease. "My disease was catarrh of tho head,
eyes, stomaeh and liver, and he said if I
would follow his advice I would soon be
well. I followed the directions closely,
and am now entirely well." Mrs. Wil
Congressman Thad. M. Malum, of
Chambersburg, Pa., writes:
"I takeplaaaura In commending your
Peruna aa a aubatantlal tonic and a
good catarrh remedy." T. M. Mahon.
If you do not derive prompt and satis
factory results from the use of Peruna,
write at oaee to Dr. Hartman, giving a
full statement of your ease and he will
be pleased to give yon his valuable ad
Address Dr. Hartman, President of The
hajtpali Sanitarium, Columbus. Ohio.
A Sensational g j.
That's what you need; some
thing to cure your bilious
ness and give you a good
digestion. Ayers Pills are
liver pills. They cure con
stipation and biliousness.
Gently laxative All irugg lst.
Wain rovruoMtaahs r iMni a baauutul
bru n or rich black 1 Then uie
so ct. or DuciiTa, oa H. p. hsll A Co., Naawua,hLM.
Fighting Bob Also Neglected to
Tell Admiral Secret Signal.
HIS 8TORY OF THE BATTLE
Asserts That the Oregon, Texas, Iowa
and Brooklyn Were All Bunched To
gather A Caae of "Lookout" All
Around, Evans 8ays.
Washington, Oct. 1. Rear Admiral
Evans, who as captain commanded the
battleship Iowa during the Santiago
campaign, waa a witness before the
Schley naval court of inquiry yester
day. His testimony covered the entire
period from the time tho Iowa left the
port of Key West on the 20th of May,
1898, until I lie 5th of July, when Ad-
Deserlblng the battle of Santiago,
Admiral Evans said: "When Cervera's
fleet eame out of Santiago harbor the SCHLEY'S FIGHTING FLAN.
Iowa waa at the center, with the Brook- Admlr DeCared Hls Intention of
lyn to the left and the Texas between. "Going" For Spaniah Snipe.
Story of the Battle. Washington. Sept. 28. The Schley
"The only vessel between the Iowa
and the Brooklyn waa the Texas. I aaw
the Brooklyn when the fight began
court opened Us session today by Mr.
Hanna making a brief apology for the
word "accused" ha used yesterday aa
When I reached the bridge of the Iowa , applied to Admiral Schley.
mlral Evans testified he hnd a conver
sation w ith Admiral Schley concerning t one on the bridge aald: The Brooklyn
the Brooklyn waa atill off to the west
ward, headed, I ahould aay, northwest.
That waa just aa the fight began. I
aaw her again poaslbly Ave minutes af
terwards, when she waa steaming west
ward verr fast, firing her port battery,
headed northwest towards the head of
the Spaniah column. I did not see the
Brooklyn again until my attention waa
directed to her by the navigator call
ing to me: 'Look out, captain, for the
Texas.' I went on the port bridge,
where the navigator waa standing, and
I said, 'Where the devil Is the Texas?'
The navigator said, 'Here she Is, sir, In
the smoke.' I said to myself, 'Captain
Philip will look after the Texas.' I.
walked over to the port aide of the
bridge and aaw the Brooklyn's smoke
stack and military masts. She was ly
ing directly across the bows of the
Texas. The Texas waa apparently
backing and dangerously close to the
Iowa, The Brooklyn seemed to be 100
yards directly In front of the Texas. I
eased the helm of the Iowa a little,
ported her helm a little, and just at
that moment the Oregon came through
my lea and passed between mi and the
Texas, and the three boats were
"At that time the Brooklyn was
shut out in the smoke, and I aaw no
more of her until the Colon haa passed
well to the westward of me, when some
the battle ( tho 3d, He described In
detail the principal battle off Santiago,
and also gave particulars concerning
the bombardment of the Colon on the
3m Of M
Admiral Evans' said that before leav
ing Key West on May 20 to join the
flying squadron at Cienfuepos Captatn
Chadwi : had communicated to him
the secret code arranged by Captain
McCaili had not, however, re
ported ! Mda to Admiral Schley
upon his t.rrival, supposing that tho
admir:;l i; " v about the code.
is knocked out.' I went on the bridge
to see what had happened, and she was
then about a mile and a half forward
of tho port beam of the Iowa with the
Colon seven or elg-ht miles ahead amd
on her Starboard bow. From that time
on tht firing was light, and I could see
the Urooklyn occasionally. The Brook
lyn was on her starboard bow on the
port quarter of the Colon. Well astern
of her was the Oregon, with the Vixen
off shore of the Brooklyn. The Iowa at
the time was directly In the wake of
the Colon with the Vixen a little on
hsr starboard bow."
Captain McCalla then resumed his
testimony. The witness said that he
had been present during a conference
of commanding officers on the Brook
lyn while the fleet was off Santiago on
May 29. Describing what took place,
he aald: "The commanding officers
were ordered on board the Brooklyn
on May 29. It was with regard to the
work of blockade. I can only remem
ber one specific thing which took place
at the close," and that was that Captain
Evans asked Commodore Schley if the
Spanish ships eame out It he was go
ing in for them. He said: "Certainly,"
and then arranged for a subdivision
of fire from the ships under his com
mand on the Spanish ships should they
Referring to the fact that he had
Informed Captain Chadwlck, Admiral
Sampson's chief of staff, of the code
at signals arranged for communicating
with the Insurgent Cubans, he said
that he did not In any way communi
cate with the commander-in-chief. The
witness said further that he thought It
had been common knowledge at Key
Weat after hia arrival there on May
19 that the Cuban insurgents were on
the coast near Clenfuegos, but that no
information waa given concerning the
secret code. He had, he said, failed
to give the code to Commodore Schley
when he passed him, when the com
modore was on his way to Clenfuegos,
because he did not know that the com
modore was bound for that port.
"If I had thought that he was going
to Clenfuegos," he said, "I would have
gono alongside and given him my in
formation." SSloo and grinding double the wear.
tils Hmr Day.
His Wife Phwat do ye want now,
Quarryman Pour some kerosene
on th' fire an' make it hot so CH can
thawoutme dynamite. N. V. Weekly.
American Boat Won First Race By
MAGNIFICENT MARINE SPECTACLE
Closest and Meet Exciting Struggle
Ever Seen In An American Cup
Race Boats Were Neck to Neck
For Miles of ths Course.
New Tork, Sept 28. Columbia won
today by 1 minute 20 seconds, correct
ed time, and by 87 seconds actual
time. Shamrock beat Columbia 19 sec
onds In beating, to the outer mark, and
Oelumbla beat Shamrock 1 minute II
seconds en the run home. Shamrock
allows Columbia 48 seconds.
The Amerleaa boat beat Shamrock
n. today in the hottest, closest, light
westher race ever sailed for the Amer
ica's cup, and the like of which has
seldom, If ever, been equaled by yachts
of their stse In any sort of a race.
From the start to finish there waa
never more than the length of a black
bass fishing line between the two big
sloops, and at times they were so near
that a biscuit could have been tossed
from one to the other. The wind never
got above ten knots, and was frequent,
ly as low ai seven, and yet the rsce
was sailed almost an hour inside the
tie limit of 8ft hours.
Not a Bloodless Victory.
While Columbia won, it was by no
means a bloodless victory. Shamrock
behaved splendidly in the windward
work, fulfilling all the promises that
her friends have made for her. . She
beat the white sloop to the outer mark
by a margin of 39 seconds actual time,
but when it came to running before
a breeze with all sail set the finer,
sharper, flatter lines of the Columbia
wen tho honors.
The cup defender made the run
home 1 minute and 16 seconds quicker
than the challenger, and won the race
by a margin of 1 minute 20 seconds
corrected time.. This of course In
cludes the 43 seconds Shamrock is
Freedman's Bargain Season.
Owing to the Spring season on
hand we offer you WONDEK" J J
FUL BARGAINS iu thebeauti-
fill line of Negligee Shirts, beauti- f
ful Shirt Waists up-to-date. The
very latest styles in Gents' Fu r
nishing Goods at a great reduction
in prices as follows:
Everything in proportion
we are oomDellod to re
duce, because we made
our ' purchase too heavy
for this season.
Bv purchasing ten dollars
Z worth of (roods, we will
pay half fare.
Slo.CKi Suits cut down to $13.00
1 4.00 Suits cut down to 1 1 .00
l'i.00 Suits cut down to 9.90
10.00 Suits cut down to 7.89
8.00 Suits cut down to 5.00
SI B. Market H
(Loch's Old Stand)
HV JTBt'RY, PA.
0w1,ged,t,nn,l0WC0'U,,nb,aI0rLa,,7,n p races of 1901. But the excursion
about 1,100 square feet of additional . . ......
sail. In actual time, boat for boat,
Columbia won by 17 seconds, and this
tells how close the race waa from the
standpoint of the spectators.
The Interest taken in the event was
reflected by the atendance of excur
sionists In spite of Thursday's fluke
and unfavorable weather prognostica
tions. Upward of ISO vessels followed
the race, and as the day was fair and
the sea smooth It proved a most de
lightful outing even for landlubbers.
There was no Interference with eith
er of the yachts by the great fleet of
pleasure boats, Captatn Walker and
his aids on the revonue cutters again
pi--. w.c f,, . n.lmlon
Which stretrhed out in the shape of ; Thev aar that In order to
a V, one leg on either side of tho happy," said the young woman whs
course. But there were several colli-: reads gTeht deaj ..a man 00ght to
sions in the line, and Sir Thomas Up-1 De a fooi or B philosopher."
ton's Erin had a hole punc hed in hor. , yeg answered Miss Cayenne "If
a Hi-ill im n fnnl 1... .on'f irrt H WOulSa
to accept him. And if he is a
The great single stickers went out In
the morning fresh for the battle, but
the sea refused them a Aald of conflict
The wind, never more than nine and
sometimes as low as three knots, was
too light and shifty carry the con
testants over the 10 mil course in the
time allotted by the rules. At ths end
of five and a half hours, the prescribed
time, the race was of&olally declared
off and the yachts were towed back to
their berths Inside Sandy Hook.
Zinc and grinding double the wear.
YACHTS DID NOT FINISH
Lack of Wind Prevented Crcssinq Line as philosophers are credited wit
In Prescribed Time. ' infr he won't paopoM." Washing0"
New York, Sept.-27. One of the big- I Star. '
gest crowd? that ever put to sea went , A WUe Jnda-e.
down to the Sandy Hook Lightship ' "Why did they throw the case ont
yesterday to witness Sir Thonias.-Ltp- of court?"
ton's second challenger. Shamrock H, I "Well, she claimed that he tried to
and the white flyer Columbia, which ' uaa her."
successfully defended the old America's j "I should think that would baT
rnn nornlnar hia firat ifj-nnhv' hunter fwn ll ,1... WA.BA fr him."
. - ... 7 . .1 tmaa
years ago, struggle lor uie yttuiuiug au- "JNO; Rne declared on tne sm"
memacv Of the world In the first Of the i he didn't Riieeeerl." Chicago ik-