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THE GALLEONS OF SPAIN.
King Philip had vaunted his claims:
Ho had sworn (or » year he would sack
With ar irmy of heathenish names
He was coming to fagot and stack us;
Like me thieves of the sea he would track
And shatter our ships on the main;
But we had bold Neptune to back ua-
And where are the galleons of Spain?
/lis carackes were christened of dame 3
To the kirtles whereof he would tack us;
Vith his saints and his gilded storn-frames
He had thought like an egg shell to crack
Now Howard may get to his Flaccus,
And Drake to bis lievon again.
And Hawkins bowl rubbers to Bacchus—
For where are the galleons of Spain?
Let his Majesty hv.ic to St. James
The nxe that he whetted to hack us:
He must play at some lustier games
Or at sea he can hope to out-thwack us;
To his mines of Peru he would pack us
To ~Mig at his bullet and chain;
Alas! that his greatness should lack us—
But where are the gallaons of Bpain?
Gloriana—the don may attack us
Whenever his stomach be fain;
Ho must reach us before he cau rack us —
And where are the galleons of Spain?
0 A TALK OF THE SPANISH MAIN. $
Iu the begiuuing of tlie present cen
tury the Gulf of Mexico swarmed with
pirates, preying ou the commerce of
every nation. One has only to refer
to the newspapers previous to 1826 to
recognize how great were the perils of
a seaman's calling iu those days. Ships
disappeared at times with their officers
and crews, and it may be years after
that some desperate sea rover brought
to the gibbet told the story of capture
and destruction. The worst locality
in the West Indies was the south side
of the Island of Cuba. Here lies the
Isle of Piues and a succession of low
keys that afforded the pirates excel
lent opportunities for concealment.
All merchantmen went armed in those
days, but the pirate schooners, carry
ing one heavy 24-pounder, could cut a
vessel's spars to pieces and thus make
Iu 1824 an English brig from Ja
maica, bound home, was taken off St.
Antoine, her crew massacred and the
vessel beached ou the coast of Cuba.
Her cargo was valued at over $200,-
000. The British government started
an investigation, and it was found to
be the work of a Spanish Irishman
naraQd Cain, who had a fast topsail
schooner called the Esmerelda, with a
crew of 200 men of all nationalities, j
among them two Philadelphiaus I
named Brent and Supplee. It was also
found that in disposing of the plunder
a Spanish coast guard vessel had con- j
veyed most of it to Havana for sale, >
and that many Spanish officials were j
interested iu the affair, getting a share
of the plunder.
The British government went for
the Spaniards in a very vigorous man
lier, demanding indemnity for the
past ami security for the future. The :
Spaniards yielded and agreed to equip
a force to cruise ou the south coast
and search the keys for marauders.
A fa»t sailing brig of war, El Toridor,
carrying ten guns, was put iu com
mission, under Captain Heruani. He
was a tine sailor and au honest man,
and soon made it very unpleasant for
the pirates about the Isle of Pines and
Cayo Largo. At this time the United
States had a fleet of small vessels
doing police duty iu the gulf, one of
which, the Enterprise, commanded by
Lieutenant White,was very active and
had captured several pirate craft and
cut up their crews. It was on the
same station as the Toridor, and ar
ranged with Captain Hernaui to co
operate with him, and if in want of
assistance at night to show a light at
the mainmast head as a signal.
Information had come to the
Spanish captain that a consort of the
Esmerelda, a very fast sailing schooner
called the Bouita, commanded by a
negro named Pinto,would try and get
into the Largo Key at night. She
had been on a cruise away south and
was reported full of plunder. The
negro captain was a bloodthirsty ruf
fian about 50 aud was badly wanted
by the Spanish authorities, as he had
murdered a brother of Captain-General
Galviz in o'ue of the raids ashore. So
the Toridor lay out about three miles
away from the pass between the Isle
of Piues and Cayo Largo, tossing and
heaving and keeping her copper bright
under short sail. It was said by Eug
lish captains in those days that you
might make Spaniards fairly good sea
men, but it took constaut hazing to
make them stand a decent watch. No
sooner was the watch set than one-half
went to sleep and the other half to
play cards and gamble, leaving" the
ship to itself. Such must have been
the case on the Toridor on this night
of the 10th of August, 1822. Eveu
the officers on the quarterdeck were
dozing while the captain was below
asleep. The man at the wheel was
the only one on the alert. Suddenly
from the northwest came a bright flash
and then the boom of a gun and a
shot whistled through the rigging,aud
then a cry from the helmsman, "Aliov,
there; here's two boats alongside."
Iu those days muskets were kept
in racks under the break of the poop
overhead, covered with tarpaulin, and
the boarding lashed to the
maiuboum. To these the startled crew
rushed, and the sides were alive with
men coming aboard yelling, "Kill!
kill!" There is no want of courage
among Spaniards,and the crew fought
desperately. The captain was on deck
and at once sent a man to the mast
head to light the signal lantern, .and
with his officers and marines pitched
in; but the shore party had got first
blood and they fought like tigers,
while the heavy shot from a big
schooner not over 300 yards away
caiue fast. The Toridors retreated to
th« <iU6iterdeck aud aucourasced bv
their officers made a desperate fight,
bat it was evidently a losing game.
The Bchooner had her sweeps out and
in a few minutes would board the brig
with a crowd of fresh assailants.
Fortunately the Enterprise was not
more thon twelve miles away, in the
southwest. The watch had been
changed and the new lookout had
just gone aloft when he called out:
"Deck ahoy! There goes a gun right
nor'east off the starboard bow."
In a minute all was commotion.
One of the officers sprang into the rig
ging with a night glass and hailed:
"There it goes agftin; I hear the
The commander was on deck.
"Thank fortune, here comes the wind
from the west. Mako all sail, Mr.
Hamilton. We'll run down and see
what it is. That's a heavy gun. The
Toridor has only eithteeu-pouuders.
They would not make a flash light like
that. Beat to quaiters and (ast off
the starboard battery. Bam in a
round shot over grape!"
The breeze had freshened and the
Enterprise fairly walked. The flash
of guns was now seen from the deck,
and the lookout hailed that he saw a
"The Spanish brig is in trouble. I
hope nothing will happen to my friend
Hernaui," said the officer. A tropic
dawn is something to remember.
Long before the sun rises there comes
a beautiful rosy light, making the
sea a sheet of gold, and thus every
thing was made pluiu to the Enter
prise and her crew. The Spanish
brig was euveloped in smoke and the
noise of the conflict was plainly
heard. The schooner was sweeping
up to board her deck alive with men.
The American was 200 yards away,
right across her bows, and then came
the order, "Give her two divisions—
rake her fore and aft."
The effect was tremendous. A
chorus of yells aud screams
from the pirate and down came her
foremast and maintopmast. "Give it
to 'em agaiu," and her decks were
clear. Backing her mainsail in a
minute more the bowspirit of the
Enterprise was forking over the bow
of the Toridor and the cry was,
"Boarders away." The mau-o'-war's
men made short work of the pirates
in the waists, and, all escaping, got
into their boats and pulled for shore.
Priming a carronade with a pistol
cartridge, the Yankee sailors dis
charged it, cutting one boat iu two,
aud in a moment the water was alive
with sharks, taking care of the crew.
The schooner was at ouce boarded
by three boat crews. The decks were
deserted, but all at once there came a j
deadly volley of musketry from the I
cabin, killing three men, aud then a \
rush, headed by Pinto, a tall,grizzled j
African, powerfully built. He shot
Lieutenant Hamilton through the
body and was attacked by the ward
room steward of the Enterprise, a
giaut mulatto from Baltimore. He,
too, got a bullet, but struck Pinto's
right arm off with a cutlass stroke,
aud the villain was taken alive, the
only survivor of his crew.
In the waist of the Toridor lay sixty
two dead men over forty being of her
crew, aud Captain Heruani admitted
that in an hour more the pirates would
have owned his brig.—Philadelphia
ALFONSO XIII'S EDUCATION.
The Hoy King an Apt Scholar —His Lin
Alfonso XIII must begin to feel
quite u big boy. He has now passed
his first examination and obtained the
small green aiyj, white paper diploma
which allows the average Spanish
youngster try enter r university. The
examination took pla e last week, iu
one of the saloons of the palace. The
Queen-Begent was priseut, aud so
was the Princess of the Asturias, while
a goodly number of couri hangers-on
danced attendance upon the royal
ladies. The Infanta Isabelli came in
aud went out from time to time, and
smiled encouragingly at her uephew.
Not that he wanted much encourage
His mother watched the proceed
ings with eager interest, smiled at the
boy, and nodded approval at some of
his quick answers. The Princess >f
the Asturias was, possibly, even mort
profuse iu her display of admiration.
In addition to the usual subjects, he
has passed in elementary algebra,
geometry, physics, chemistry, botany,
Latin, Greek, French and agriculture.
French, in his case, was purely a mat
ter of form, because, like his sisters,
he speaks French, English and Ger
man with ease aud correctness.
The English lady who was, until a
recent date, his governess for our
vernacular, received about SSOOO per
annum and free quarters in the palace.
In glaring distinction to this comes
the report on Spanish schoolmasters,
published in the official Gazette, the
other morning. From the document
it appears that the sums due to these
long-suffering people for arrears of
pay extending ■ over several years
amounts to the enormous figure of
$2,000,000. If we were indebted for
elementary education to the same ex
tent our liabilities would reach into
the millions in round figures. Of the
forty-nine provinces into which Spain
is divided only seven are quite free
from debt iu this respect.—London
Ornaments of a variety of fuugus
found in the Adirondacks are in de
mand. Pictures are carved upon
them, the dark coating surface of the
fungus forming the background and
the figures appearing in white. The
dark surface is cut away to form the
drawing. Touched with a knife the
coloring of the fungus becomes a
darker brown, so that all depths ol
shading are possible.—Trenton (N.J.)
It takes eight times the strength to
go upstairs that it requires to accom
plish the same distance on a level.
When thi) sparrow hawk is swoop
ing down on its prey, it cleaves space
at the speed of 150 miles an hour.
The sound of a bell which can be
heard 45,000 feet through the water
can be heard through the air only 156
The eleiihant has no fewer than
forty thousand muscles in his trunk
alone, while a man has only 577 in his
It is announced that Italian experi
ments on vegetable life with Roentgen
rays have shown that the effect is iden
tical with that of sunlight.
The voice of a woman is audible in
a balloon at the' height of about two
miles, while that of a man never
reaches higher than a mile.
Under the action of stin, air and
water the loftiest mountains are being
gradually worn down, it is said, and
the whole varied landscape of hill and
valley is being reduced to a dead leyel.
Captain Perry speaks of the great
distance that sounds can be heard dur
ing intense cold. We often, he says,
la the Arctic regions heard people
«on verso in a common voice at the dis
tance of a mile.
The efficiency of a modern cruiser
is shown in a recent statement in an en
gineering magazine that it took seventy
shots at close range from a 9.2-inch
gun on the British cruiser Edgar to
sink a defenceless and derelict tank
To illustrate the rapidity of thought,
a distinguished scientist says that if
the skin be touched repeatedly with
light blows from a small hammer, the
brain will distinguish the fact that
the blows are separate and not con
tinuous pressure, even when they fol
low one another as one thousand in a
The air within the Mammoth Cave
of Kentucky has a uniform tempera
ture summer and winter of 54 degrees
Fahreuheit. The cave may be said to
breathe twice a year, inhaling during
the winter and exhaling during the
summer. This breathing of the cave,
and the purity of the air and its free- j
doiu from germs, are among the most j
interesting problems to be studied. |
By what process the air in the cave
becomes sterilized remains to be de
THE WORLD'S HEADSMEN.
Ostraoiz»Ml by Society Gruesome Crafts
men Intermarry und Fraternize.
The marriage of the son of M. Deb
lier, the public executioner of France,
took place recently before the mayor of
the Sixteenth Arrondissement, Paris.
The ceremony was purely civil in char
acter, only thirteen witnesses being
present. M. Deblier, or, as he is more
familiarly known, Monsieur de Paris,
not only the fnost aged official execu
tioner in the world, but likewise the
one person who had probably put
more human beings out of existence
than any other living man. There is
a sort of gruesome atmosphere of a
forbidding character which seems to
surround the public executioners of
Europe. They are usually men of
fine self-culture and education, retir
ing in disposition and plainly respect
able bourgeois in their domestic rela
tions. Beiug denied the privilege of
the society around them by the char
acter of their profession, they have a
society of their own which is as ex
clusive as that of royalties, for they
visit each other in ceremonious fashion
and intermarry. Thus M. Deblier is
a second cousin by marriage of the
headsman of Prussia, and his wife was
the daughter of the executioner of
Algiers, a descendant of the famous
Samson who guillotined Marie An
toinette and her royal si>ouse, Louis
XVI. But the sou of the present
Monsieur de Paris, Joseph Francois
Deblier, has made, as it were, a mor
ganatic marriage by seeking his wife—
ltosalie Roges—outside the families of
the executioners. She was formerly a
cigarmaker in one of the government
factories. She is twenty-one and her
husband is thirty-live. According to
the marriage settlement, M. Deblier
gives as a dowry to his wife the sum
of SIO,OOO. He will probably suc
ceed his father before long. For the
last ten years he has been the old
gentleman's assistant in all execution*
of note. ,
•Growth of Telephone Business.
Twenty years ago the telephone was
practically unknown to mankind,
while toi'ay there are said to be about
1,500,000 telephone subscribers in the
world, of whom the larger part are in
the United States. Recent figures
put the details of this total as follows:
The United Staies leads the list with
about 600,000; comes Germany
with 110,000; Great Britain with 75,-
000; Switzerland, 51,000; France, 35,-
000; Austria, 20,000, Russia, 18,000;
Sweden and Norway lv,000; Bavaria,
15,000; Denmark,ir-,0()6; Italv,14,000;
Holland 12,000; Spain 12,000; Bel
gium, 11,000; Hungary. 10,1100; Wurt
temburg, 7000; Finland 60tV); Japan,
3500; Cuba, 2500; Luxembourg,2ooo;
Portugal, 2000; and Australia
The remainder are divided among the
smaller countries,from Roumauia with
400, down to Senegambia with 100.--
A Prehistoric Mine.
In the southeast corner of San Ber
nardino county, Cal., an expedition
from San Francisco has recently dis
:overed a rich turquoise mine appar
cn ly worked many centuries ago by
I rehistoric people. The mine is 60
miles from Manville, in a mountainous
country, and had been partially oblit
erated by vo'cauic disturbances. Stone
hamniern and other implements H ere
found in numerous old pits.
S THE REALM OF FASHION. X
Commended to the Tall, Thin Sisterhood
No material is at onoe more soft,
lustrous and durable than genuine
Liberty silk. The full waist shown
in this illustration by May Manton is
all in soft cream white without figures
of any sort. But all i>lain colors, as
well as flowered designs, and the
whole range of thin silks, muslins
and organdies, are equally well suited
to the style, which is especially to be
commended to the tall, thin sister
hood to whom folds and frills are
both welcome and becoming.
The foundation is a fitted lining
which closes at tiie centre front. On
it are mounted the full back and
fronts which are puffed to yoke
depth and which close at the left
shoulder and side beneath the full
scarf. The latter is simply straight
and full. The two sections are seamed
to the arm's-eyes and are brought
down to the waist line, where they
cross and are passed round to the
back, at the centre of which they are
caught in a knot. The sleeves are
full and arranged in three groups of
narrow putt's, with a full soft puff at
each shoulder, over which fall the
frills which form epaulettes. At the
neck is a soft draped collar of the
silk, which terminates in a rosette un
der the chin.
To cut this waist for a lady of me
dium size four and one-half yards of
material twenty-two inches wide will
Girls* Blouse Reefer.
The combination of reefer collar and
blouse jacket shown in the large illus
tration is both novel and stylish. As
here given the material is covert cloth
banded with braid, and the garment is
designed for general wear with any
gown, but all suiting materials, as
well as cloth of various sorts, can be
treated in a similar manner.
The seamless baok and pouched
fronts are joined by shoulder and nn
der-arm seams, the basque portion
being separate and seamed to the
jacket at the waist-line. The right
front laps well over the left, where the
closing is effected by means of buttons
and buttonholes, an additional row of
buttons beiug added to give the
double Ireasted effect. The neck is
slightly open at the front aud is fin
ished with a deep collar that is square
at the back and is finished with rows
of braid. The sleeves are two-seamed
and fit snugly. The garment is lined
throughout with changeable taffeta
blue and green.
To make this blouse for a girl of
eight years of age one aud a half yards
of material fifty-four inches wide will
A Pretty Scarf.
1 , The Roman scarf, with plain or
fringed ends, especially the patriotic
variety, when the bars are red, white
and Llue, with a slight predominance
of the red, is very much in rogue.
Besides Us old use as an article of
neckwear, ,t is used as a sash, a belt,
« hat banV and i hat trimming.
Patriotic girls |tie the narrow ones to
parasol tips, w?lkinguticks, bicycle
handles, baby </arria;Bb and the har
bess of family horses. j/The brilliancy
of their coloring makes them very ap
propriate in the summer.
National Colors Little Worn.
It is not clear what has or will be
come of the red, white and blue art
icles of feminine clothing and orna
ments shown so lavishly in the stores.
Belts, hat bands, neckties and pocket
books are conspicuously displayed for
sale. But so rarely are they worn now
that promenaders feel privileged to
right-about-face and stare frankly at a
woman who has chosen one or another
of them as essential to her costume.
Bicycle Convenience For Wheelwoinen.
The cycling woman who does not
care to carry bundles and bags on her
wheel has up-to-date handles. They
are made for bars one inch in diame
ter and outwardly are indistinguish
able from ordinary cork and celluloid
handles; on unscrewing the ends one
discovers a little transparent celluloid
oiler in one, and in the other a com
plete tire repairing outfit. Thus
equipped the wheelwomau can be as
independent as she pleases.
Slippers For tlie Bedside.
Leather bedside slippers can very
easily be made at home. The leather
is of any color that is desired, and it
is often a very gay one, and is mount
ed over the toe of a lamb's wool in
sole. A bit of fur finishes the edge,
and thus is evolved a comfortable toe
slipper. A comparatively small piece
of the skin makes two or three pairs,
and the expense of both money and
effort is very trifling.
A Woman Physician In China.
Dr. Ida M. Stevenson, a Methodist
missionary physician in Tientsin,
China, sometimes has 250 patients to
treat in a single day. The strain on
the strength, the sympathies and the
skill of a medical missionary,
brought into contact day by day with
dreadful cases of poverty, suffering,
vice and degradation, cannot be
Wrap For Wee Folk*.
No wrap for wee folks' wear is more
popular or more becoming than the
long coat made with a yoke. The
mould given is of bengaline, in u de
licious shade of pink, and is trimmed
with ruches and bands of ribbon, but
the pattern is equally well suited to
light weight wools and to both pique
and linen crash. The foundation is a
short body liuing to which the yoke is
faced, and to which the pleated skirt
is attached. The fanciful collarjis cut
in squares, and adds greatly to the
effect, at the same time that it con
ceals the joining of skirt and yoke.
[ The sleeves are two-seamed and in
coat shape. At the neck is a rollover
collar. As illustrated the skirt is lined
with India silk, but in the case of
washable materials should be simply
hemmed. Tho closing is effected in
visibly at the "Antre-frout by means
of buttons and buttonholes worked in
To cut this coat for a child four yeara
old, four yards of material, twenty
seven inches wide, will bo required.
To Cur© Constipation Forever*
Take Cascarets Candy Cathartic. 10c or 25a
If C. C. C. fall to cure, druairlgts refund money
Iron horseshoes have been found dating
back to the year 4-il.
After physician* had viveu mo up. X wag
saved by Piso's Cure. RALPH KKIKU, Wil
liamsport, Pa., Nov. '£!, IS'.Ki.
Illinois was admltte I us a Slate of the
Union December 3, 1818.
Powder that heals while horse works
•Ale. perc-an.MooKK 8h08.,V. S.. Albany. N.Y.
"Hollnnd" is said to be an abbreviation
of "hollow land."
Bdncate Tonr novels With Caacnret*.
,_9 r VjJ l 'y ?. uro constipation forever.
10c, 25c. If C.C.C. fail, druKßista refund money.
The explosive force of dynamite Is about
eight times that of gunpowder.
Had Five Running Soros—Could
Not Walk Without Crutches.
"I suffered from hip disease and had five
running sores on one of my hips. I could
not walk without crutches. I was con
fined to my bed for weeks at a time. I
began taking Hood's Hnrsaparilla and it
has accomplished a perfect cure. I am
now well and have no trouble from impure
blood." Annie llobert, 49 Fourth Street,
Fall River, Muss. Remember
Is America's Greatest Medicine. $1; six for 5.1
Hood's Pills cure biliousness, indigestion.
Discovered a New Inland Off* the Horn.
It does not often fall to the lot of a
navigator nowadays to discover a new
island, but such a distinction is
claimed by Captain Paude of the Nor
wegian ship Prince Edward, which re
cently discharged at Girard Point
piers a cargo of manganese ore from
Cariizal, Chili. The Captain was on
his way to Philadelphia from that dis
tant port when, on March 9, in the
South Atlantic Ocean, he discovered a
new and unknown island in latitude
forty-two degrees south and lougitude
thirty-live degrees and thirty-eight
The island is not very large, only
500 feet long and forty feet wide, but
Captain Pande thinks it big enough
to bear a name, and he is thinkiug of
naming it Dewey Island, in honor of
the distinguished Admiral. The new
land, which is undoubtedly of volcanic
origin, lies in the track of all vessels
rounding Cape Horn outward or home
ward bound. The water in its vicini
ty was found to be very warm. The
sea broke over it with great force,
and the waters had a disturbed ap
pearance. There was also an entire
absence of the well-defined currents
known to all navigators.
Soundings in the vicinity, made at
Captain Pande's orders, showed the
water to be 2000 feet deep all around
the island. At a long distance the
new land appears to be well defined,
but at night it might easily cause the
loss of any vessel striking it, as there
is nothing to warn mariners of im
pending danger. Philadelphia Kec
In 1894 the number of cattle in
Venezuela was estimated at 5,000,000
head, while now the total number is
not fewer than 10,000,000 head, and it
is expected the number will be doubled
in the next four years.
THE DUTY OF MOTHERS.
Daughters Should be Carefully
Guided in Early Womanhood.
What suffering frequently results
from a mother's ignorance; or more
frequently from a mother's neglect to
properly instruct her daughter!
Tradition says "woman must suffer,"
and young women are so taught.
There is a little truth and a great deal
of exaggeration in this. If a young
woman suffers severely - She needs
treatment and her mother should see
thatwhe gets it.
Mdny mothers hesitate to take their
daughters to a physician for examina
tion; but no mother need hesitate to
write freely about her daughter or
herself to Mrs. Pinkham and secure
the most etlicient advice without
charge. Mrs. Pinkham's address is
The following letter from Miss MARIE
F. JOHNSON, Centralia, Pa., shows what
neglect will do, and tells how Mrs.
Pinkham helped her:
"My health became so poor that I
had to leave school. I was tired all the
time, and had dreadful pains in my
side and back. I was aKo troubled
with irregularity of menses. I was
very weak, and lost so much flesh that
m y friends became alarmed.
mother, who is a firm believer in your
remedies from experience, thought per
haps they might benefit me, and wrote
you for advice. I followed the advice
you gave, and used Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound and Liver Pills as
you directed, and am now as well as 1
ever was. I have gained flesh and have
a good color. I am completely cured ol
Goto your grocer to-day
and get a 15c. package ol
takes the place of cof
fee at the cost.
Made from pure grains it
is nourishing and health-