Newspaper Page Text
Her* Not Alow Beeaua* Prlrn Are Lenrr, Bat BMUM Qulltln Arc
Wonderful Millinery Surprises
Prices for the One Day Only
\ Hundreds of the season's newest shapes that should have been here for yes
terday's crowds did not arrive until to-day. But it spells good fortune to the
disappointed, for in order to keep stocks down to normal, we will enter them in a
big sale at special prices for Monday only. Will you profit? That rests with you.
SI.OO and $1.50 Actual Values: $1.50 Actual Values:
In Satin, Silk Faille and Rough Hemp Hats with French Edges, in
Straws, Good Shapes and Col- QQp l&rge, small and medium shapes,
lors. Monday Price, o«7v black and colors. Monday Price, •
SI.OO Actual Values: $2.00 and $2.50 Actual Values:
Hemp Hats in large assortment of Milan Hemps and Five-End Milans
shapes and colors. Monday zlQf* in very latest shapes and colors.
Price, rtOv j; Monday Price, «/Ov
lc to 25c Departm't Store I
10c, 15c, 19C, 25c, §
39c and 50c WHERE EVESY DAY IS BARSAIJI OAT I
SPECIAL —Lot of Fancy Fosther i v
Trimming,. 53c v.i j., sc. 215 Market »
\MHOKB -I —I
SOCIAL AND PERSONAL NEWS
BIRTHDAY PARTY CIVEN '
FOR EVELYNjBLORES RALL
Mr. and Mrs. Putt Entertained in Honor
of Their Little Cranddaujhter.
Evelyn Dolores Rail, on Her First
Mr. and Mrs. William Putt entertain*'
ri at their home. 29 South Court
street, last evening, in compliment to,
? . va% ?
EVELYN DOLOKES RALL
their little granddaughter. Evelyn Do
lores Rail, who yesterday celebrated •
her first birthday anniversary.
An informal program of music an*!
vaudeville sketch bv members of the
cast of "\ a i-at ion Days.'' showing at
the Colonial theatre this week, were
features of the evening's entertainment.
The boys and girls of the cast are
guests of Mrs. Wilfred G. RaH. for-i
merly of the team, "The Juggling
Ralls." during their stay in the city. |
Those present were Frances Wheaton,
(•race Joline, Marie Holleran. Jack
Reeves, James G. Gallo. Bert Marshall.
Lloyd Dean, of "Vacation Davs."|
George Bradley. ■ • The Georgia Min- j
strel; " Leonard Xeely, Mr. and Mrs.'
William Putt. Mrs. Wilfred G. Rail and !
(Miss Evelyn Dolores Rail.
Knights of Pythias Concert
Judging from the reports of members,
of John Harris Lodge, Knights of.
Pythias, a crowded house will greet the
liouu.is Ladies Orchestra and Musical \
Specialty Company when it gives its
concert in the Technical Higo school i
auditorium next Wednesday evening, j
March 10. Ti-kets are g..«v.* rajidlv,
not only in this city an i Steelton bu' j<
BETTER THEY YIELD BETTER
NEW CROP—VITALITY TEST MADE—READY FOR PLANTING
PLAN FOR YOUR GARDEN AND
I SELECT THE SEEDS YOU WILL NEED NOW
Ask for a Copy of my Seed Catalogue—it contains fifty-two pages dc- t !
voted to Garden, Flower and Field Seeds. Garden Tools, Farm, Dairy and 1
Poultry equipment. It is FREE to everyone if you have a garden.
It Pays is Plant the Bast Quality Seeds
They Mean Bigger Crops and Better Vegetables.
EVERYTHING FOR THE GARDEN
WALTER S. SCHELL
1307-1309 Market St., Harrisburg, Pa. jj
.2Mrs.— "jasrasEs '
fin the nearby towns and suburbs as [
The Rouuds' Specialty Company is
| one of the best known concert produc- j
i tions in this country, including a half I
dozen of the best musicians on the con- |
cert platform. OHO of these is Flora ,
Sprague Rounds, bell soloist. One of
her best numbers is the famous "Amer-|
ican Patrol." Other members of the j
ompany arc Bert ft* Rothenberg, from
bone soloist: Lena M. Brewster, reader; i
Kloise Jensen, cornet soloist: Kate Co-i
burn, violinist: Alma Jensen, soprano:
H. O. Rounds. monologuist.
The concert is being giving for the
"quick relief" fund of Johu Harris
i Lodge, the arpose of which is to care
i for widows and children of Pythian
members without the necessities of
MISS MACKLEY HOSTESS
Entertained at Five Hundred Last
Evening—Prizes Won by Guests
Miss Ha.'.cl Maeklev entertained ;,t
her home, 1109 Cowden street, last
eveaiug. at progressive five hundred.
I'riwere won by Miss Edna Itixler,
Ellis Roberts and William Gardner, j
After the cards refreshments were!
T:n>se present were Misses Pearl
Blac Anna Hyde, Helen Morsch,
N'aoni: Winger. Kdna Bixler. Ellis Rob
t crts. Paul Reindel, Harry Bacon, Wil
liam ii.i-.luer, Merrill Arbogast and,
A. <). (1.1 B MEMBERS (iIESTS
' Entertained at th" Home of Miss Helen
Wallace at Costume Party
Members of the C. A. O. Club held
a costume.party at the home of Miss
Helen Wallace, 236 Souta Thirteenth
street, las" evening. The guests spent
a pleasant evening, during Which re- j
1 freshmen's were served.
I Those present were Misses Pauline
| Houck, Lillian Kamsky, Martha Miller, j
; Marian Marks. Helen Broomall. Marga- I
teta Rec i. Catherine Peters, Katherine i
Kelker. Helen Rauch, Miriam Landis, j
J Marie Dougherty. Mary Witmer, Doro- 1
thy Helman. Helen Gerdes and Helen
Dr. Crawford to Address Civic Club
On March 15. Dr. J. P. Wickersham •
| Crawford, of the Department of Ro- j
manic Languages and Literature, Uni- !
versity of Pennsylvania, will speak be- j
i fore the Civic Club in the John Y.
Boyd hall. Each member of the Civic i
' CUrt) will be privileged to bring a
guest and the hall should be crowded,
r'oj Dr. Crawford is a most delightful ;
speaker and he has chosen a fascinat
' ing subject, "The Spain of To-day." >
Miss Anna May Rivelv. of York,
Pa., an l John Bond Rosenfield, Jr.. ,
jof Philadelphia, were quietly married
yesterday at the parsonage of the Re-!
formed Salem enurch. the Rev. Ellis X.'
. Kremer, pastor, officiating. Mr. an.l :
, Mrs. Rosenfield will reside in York.
Bridge Luncheon for Miss Adams
Mrs. George Porter Hammond, of the '
M Kee apartments, has issued invita- '
I tions for a bridge luncheon Tuesday aft
ernoon. March 9, complimentary to Miss t
Charlotte Adams, a popular bride-elect, j
• ... - V , •
FTAT?T?TSRT T EG STAR-INDEPENDENT, SATUKPAY EVENING. MARCH 6, 1915.
MR. AND MRS. METZ HOSTS
Entertained Last Night iu Honor of
Their Sister. Miss Ruth
Mr. and Mrs. G. F. MetE entertained j
at their home, 317 Mueuch street, last j
] night, complimentary to the former's)
sister, Miss Ruth Metz, who vesterdav ;
j celebrated her birthday anniversary.
The rooms were prettily decorated ;
with fragrant spring flowers and ferns j
and the guests spent a merry evening j
with music, games and contests.
Supper was served to the following;
Misses Mary Henry. Margaret Pot- ■
j teiger, Lydia Mi' Cord, Kthel Decker, I
diss Elizabeth Miller and Miss Grace
Armstrong, of Camden, X. J. ; Gerald
i Dillon, of Joplin, Mo.: J. Bear, of Phil
i adelphia: James Jones, of Pittsburgh:'
i Clarence Zimmerman, Earl Weaver,!
iiarles \\ olf, T. X. Hanson, of Boston;
Mr. and Mrs. Oeorge Metz and son.
William, and Mrs. William Metz.
, ENTERTAINED S. ?. CLASS
Members Were Guests of Miss Iva
Miss Iva Shoop entertained the i
members of the Sunday school class of i
Stevens Memorial M. E. church taught I
bv Mrs. Ralph Boswell at her home,
1362 \ ernon street, last evening.
The rooms were prettily decorated
and the guests spent a pleasant even- j
, ing, witih muiic and games as features.
1-ate in the evening dainty refresh- .
ments were served to the following:
Mrs. Ralph 1.. Boswell. Misses Linnie
Smith. Hazel Hiss. Helen McClure. M i i
be I Hotlsomnvr Myrtle Hsjffsomnier, .
Mrs. John Swomley and Miss Iva.
Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Holler, Xineteenth i
j and Derry streets, announce the birth !
of a daughter, Rita Jean, Tuesdav,
I March 2.
I Mr, and Mrs. Raymond Musser, 1503
State street, aunounce tiie birth of a j
son on Sunday, February 21.
i Mr. and Mrs. Samuel S. Fackler,:
1332 Derrv street, announce Me birth
of a daughter, Dorothy Virginia, Fri
i day, March 5. Mrs. Fackler was Miss!
Lucy Chubbuck prior to her marriage.
Last Current Event Talk March 30
Current Events, given bv Mrs. Mabel
Cronise Jones, from 4.30' to 5.30 on i
Tuesdays in the Y. W. C. A. building. !
will continue throughout this month,
the last meeting being he'.d on Mar h j
30. It is hoped that all the members
who can possible do so will attend the ,
remaining meetings. The elass mem
bership ha>; now reached four hundred
aud the attenilance has been phenom
Married by the Rev. J. D. W. Deavor
Miss Margaret Belle S-encer, of
Spruce Creek. Pa., an.l Paul Wendell
< akin ell, of Tyrone, were quietlv mar
ried las: evening at the parsonage of
the Epworth M. K. church, the pastor,
the Rev. J. D. \\. Deavor, officiating.!!
Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell will reside in
Donation acd Reception for x'astor
Members of the Methodist E;iis
copal church at West Fairview gave a
reception an.l surprise donation partv i
to their pastor, the Rev. S. B. Bitllack,
and his family. This is the third affair
of this kind the members of the W es:
Fairview and Marvsville churches have
given. ' -II
WEEKLY BANK CLEARINGS
Bradstreet's Figures for Last Week in
Harrisburg and Other Cities
Bank clearings in the United States
for the week ending March 4, as re
ported to Bradstreet's Journal, Xew
York, aggregate $3,547,079,000,
against $2,509,214,000 last week and
$3,603,720,000 in this week last year.
Canadian clearings aggregate $131,-
308.000, as against $114,769,000 last
week and $158,740,000 in this week
last year. Following are the returns for
this week, with percentages of change
from this week last year:_
New York $1,978,868,000 D i
Chicago 371.151,000 D 6.6
Philadelphia 167,752,000 Dll 6 :
Boston 162.29i.000 D 6.0
St. Louis 82.285.000 D 2 7
Kansas City 74.278.0u0 I J> »
Pittsburgh 48.422.000 D 10*2 !
San Francisco 60,379,000 I 63-
Baltimore 49,204,000 I lO j
Scranton 3,414.000 I 1.3 j
Wilkes-Barre 1.773.000 I 23 6
Lancaster, 1.566,000 I 9.5
Harrisburg 1.944.000 I 4.0 I
Erie, ,\ 993,000 D 7.0 I
York 862,01)0 I 6.2 i
Chester 6 43,000 1 6.4
Nevs of Persons
Who Come and Go
Mrs. Harry Turpin, of Dayton. Ohio,
is spending several days with her
aunt, Mrs. A'buer Cassel, 933 North
Miss Stella Busier, of Sunburv, is
visiting Miss Rachel Kline, 1241)
Derry street, over the week end.
Mrs. Charles W. Smith, of New
port, is the guest of her daughter, Mrs.
S. Bruoe Mingle, 17 South Third
Miss Cecelia Wolf, of Washington,
D. C., has gone home after a visit with
Miss Mary Cooper, 600 North street.
Mr. and Mrs. William Kapp, of
Washington Heights, are home from
Mr. ami Mrs. I'arl Brandes Ely and
daughter, 30? North Front street, axe
staying at the Marlborough-Blenheim,
Mr. and Mrs. A. Swemjle, 229 South
Thirteenth street, have goue to Flori
da for the mouth.
Mrs. William llafer, 1449 Vernon
street, is spending the week-end in Car
. Mrs. John Humer, of Washington,
I). C.,' i< spending a fortnight with
Mrs. .1. Wuster, 1 429 Vernon street.
Mrs. William Raub, of Lancaster,
has sonc home after visiting her i>ar
cut.-. Mr. and Mm. Clurk Diehl, 225
Miss Mary Henderson, 171 North
Fifteenth street, has returned from
Ait. Joy after a visit with ner parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Henderson.
Charles Kstable and Howard Bink,
of Gettysburg College, are spending
tilt- week-end with Mr. and Mrs. Harry
Bink. 1940 Green street.
Mrs. Alfred Seifert, 232 Kelker
srrett. has returned from a visit with
Mrs. Bretz, in Philadelphia.
Mrs. Samuel H. Miller, 1910 North
Sixth street, has returned from a visit
with her daughter, Mrs. H. F. Shuler,
of Edge wood.
John Schilling t>r, of Philadelphia, is
the guest of his aunt. Mrs. Harry
Thompson, 119 iSouth Fourteenth
Mrs. Frank C. Meredith, of Wash
ington, 1). C., has gone home after
a visit with her sister, Mrs. Jerome
Kelly, 1030 South Cameron street.
Miss Sarah Bareh has returned to
her home, 2248 North Fourth street,
from a vish with Philadelphia friends.
' Miss Clara Kalin, 2043 Logan street,
has returned after spending a week
with her parents in Dauphin.
Miss Edith Manlfair, 1725 Fulton
street, is visiting friends in Roch
Miss Dorothy Wilson, 712 North
Sixth street, has returned from a visit
to New York.
Mrs. Barnhalt has returned to her
home in Denver, Col., after spending
sever il months with her parents, Mr.
ami Mrs. Frank Musser, 70<2 North
Roger layman, 1615 Hunter street,
is spending the week-end in Philadel
Returned From South
Mr. and Mrs. \V. O. Hii-kok, 3d and
son, \\. O. Hiekok, 201 North Front
street, and Richard C. Maldeman, 219
South Front street; Mrs. Daniel H.
Hastings and Mrs. William Hiekok
have returned from a three weeks'
stay in Florida.
The Harrisburg Hospital is open
daily except Sunday, between 1 and
2 o'clock p. m. for dispensing medical
advice and prescriptions to these unable
to pay for them.
Should always find you waiting
with a hearty appetite—
And your' condition should en
able you to enjoy your food.
A "don't care" or a "no thank
you" disposition indicates—
A lazy liver, clogged bowels or
Will tone and sweeten the
stomach and bowels —
Regulate the appetite, assist
Help Nature in every way to
wards improving your general
Try a bcttle to-day, but be sure
you get Hostetter's
The character of a hat will
make or mar a man's costume.
"The By-Word," the latest
Stetson creation (as illustrated),
will please every taste and har
monize becomingly with every
cast of features. '
5 N. THIRD ST. 1 "
Where the Styles Originate.
STATE MINE ACCIDENTS
SHOW BIC DROP FOR 1914
Fatalities Decrease 82 Per Cent. Over
1013—Coal Production Increases
70,121 Tons Per Life Lost Dur
ing Past Tear
A statement issued by the Pennsyl
vania Department of Mines shows a
great decrease in the number of acci
dents in 19-14, a* compared with 1915.
In 1914 there were 413 fatal accidents
in and about the mines and in 1913,
611, showing that the careful and
strict enforcement of the laws of pre
vention by the State inspectors has had
the effect of reducing the accidents 32
The aipouut of coal produced during
1914 per fatal accident was 353,207
tons as against 283,086 tons in 1913,
au increase of 70,121 tons per life
The fatalities per 1,000 employes
in 1914 was 2.10 as agaiust 3.22 in
1913, a reduction of 1.12.
The production in the bitumious re
gion was 145,884,530 tons as against
172,965,659 tons iu 1913, a decrease
of 27,0S 1,129 tons.
The number of employes in 1914 was
195,949. In 1913 the number WHS
189,909, showing an increase of 6,040.
The department is gratified at the re
duction in fatalities, which were less in
number thau in any year since 1897.
The fatalities from falls of coal, slate
and roof amounted to 61.21 per cent#
of the total; by cars, 23.75 per cent.;
by gas, dust and suffocation, 2.11 per
cent.; by electricity, 6.33 per cent.;
by miscellaneous causes, 6.60 per cent.
The accidents from falls and cars
amounted to 84.96 per cent., and any (
reduction in the number .of fatal acci-1
dents to be hoped for in future must
be made by lessening the number from
these two causes. This can only be
accomplished by the ihost stringent I
rules and the enforcement of the great
est discipline by the mine foremen, su
perintendents and inspectors.
Big Electric Mergpr
The Public Service Commission has
approved the applications of the U«-
high Township Light & rower Com
pany; the Walnutport Electric Light i
Power Company; the Cementon Light
Heat & Power Company; the Xorth
ampton County Electric Company; the
Bethlehem Township Electric Light &
Power Company and the Lehigh Coun
tv Electric Company for the approval \
of the sale oif their property, franchises.;
etc., to the Lehigh Valley Light &!
State Doctors Busy
Two cases of smallpox have been re
ported to the State Department of
Health from Cornplanter township, Ve
nango county. The two patients, Mrs. j
W P. King and a daughter, have trav- ,
eled extensively on the electric cars in j
that vicinity and the child has attend-1
ed the Clap Farm school while the dis-1
ease was in the eruptive state. A gen- j
eral vaccination has been ordered of I
known contacts in Oil City and vicin-1
Eighty cases of typhoid fever have|
been reported in the boroughs of Oak-!
Mont and Vefona, Allegheny countv,)
since the first of January. The State)
Department of Health has begun an in- <
vestigation of the cause of the epi- j
An epidemic of typhoid fever in !
Greenville has been reported to the
State Department of Health. There are
thirty cases now under quarantine. The,
schools have beeu closed.
Close tabs are being kept on indigent l
insane in State hospitals to see that
their estates or their responsible reJa
tives are made to pay for their main-1
tenauce. Yesterday $362.50 was paid
into the State Treasury from this j
source. Foreign insurance companies!
paid tax_ on premiums amounting to!
$101,645; the money from motor li-'
censes yielded $6,558 and $1,033 came
from oleomargarine licenses. The total
receipts for the day were $140,477.25. j
COMES HEBE FROM ARABIA
Missionary Will Preach at Olivet and
The Rev. Edwin E. Calverlev, who j
spent the past five years in Arabia do- !
ing missionary work will preach to
morrow morning at Olivet Presbyterian
church and in the evening in Immanuel.
He and his wife and daughter are mak
ing their home at York, where they
will remain until next year when thev
will return to Arabia. '
Force of Habit.
A consul In Guatemala tells a story j
of a man who ran a store In Retalhu- |
lieu who had been ordering candles
from Germany for many years. Each j
caudle was wrapped in blue paper
One shipment came wrapped In yellow |
paper. The people would not buy them
In vain lie argued and showed that the
candles were the same as be had been
selling. It was no use. and he could
not sell those candles until be sent to a j
paper Rtippiy house in Guatemala City
and bought sufficient blue paper In
whloli to wrap them. Then be bad no
difficulty In selling them.
' A Proof.
"Animals cannot reason." |
"Did you ever try to argue with a S
"Of course not"
"Then try It. He soon catches on. |
and you'll find that he is quite capable
of holding his own."—Baltimore Amer
Gavin—There's one thing I like about |
Jones' shop: yon can order your goods
through the telephone and after a short !
wait have them delivered. Bailey- i
That Is Just what I don't like. Gavlu-
What? Bailey—The short weight.—New
"Are you really a painless dentist?"
"Burely I am. Didn't you read th?
sign on the office door?"
"Oh. yes. I rend it. but I don't believe <
In signs. "-Richmond Times-Dispatch
Pest Is sweet after strife.—Owrn
One thorn of experience is worth a
whole wilderness of warning.—Lowell. '
AMUSEMENTS _ J AMUSEMENTS t
MAJESTIC THEATRE W,LMH IS* W
TO-NIGHT-LAST TIME Tuesday, Mat, and Night, March 9
LAST SEASON'S IIK. HIT SKATS TO-DAY
_ IEI.WVH A I'O.
RICHARD BENNETT S olr „ . R „ ur „ KnKli „ mrnl „ l(h th .
Co-Workers in S " me T" "JZ l * Ja * um ' r
of (he l.auuh Kmtlvnl
MMM TWIN BEDS
PHICENi Mat., 00c. T»p, fl.OOi
PRICES 2fVc to $ 1.80 - M k m, 2.V to *l.no.
Wednesday, Mat. and Night, March 10
The Musical Treat of the Century
THE DE KOVEN OPERA COMPANY presenting
The Nation's Funniest and Most Tuneful Comic Opera
Book by Music by
HARRY B. SMITH REGINALD DE KOVEN
with a cast of Grand Opera Stars, including Ivy Scott, Harold
Blake, Cora Tracy, James Stevens, George Shields, Lorena Carman,
Phil Branson, Tillie Salinger, F. J. McCarthy, Sol Solomon.
A Grand Ensemble of 50—Augmented Orchestra
THE GREATEST SINGING ORGANIZATION EXTANT
Prices—Box seats, $2.00, Orchestra, $1.50, SI.OO, Balcony, SI.OO,
75c; Gallery, 25c. Special matinee, best seats, SI.OO
SEATS ON SALE MONDAY A. M.
Mail Orders Accompanied by Remittance Now
Saturday, Matinee and Night, March 13
The Society Event of the Theatrical Season
Boston English Opera Company
In a Master Production of the World's Favorite Opera
With the Most Remarkable Cast of Stars
Ever Heard in English Opera, Including
JOSEPH F SHEEHAN
America's Greatest Tenor
Mirth Carmen Elaine DeSellem Arthur Deane
Harold J. Geis Srace Doxsee William Young'
Henri DeVaree Louise Hemming CJlark Harcourt
William Hamilton Evline Van Aernam And Others
The Superb Boston English Opera Chorus and Augmented
Orchestra under Direction of Basil Horsfall
"The most finished and artistic Performance of 'II Trovatore' ever
taken on tour," is the verdict of Press and Public
PRICES —Evening, 25c, 50c, 75c, SI.OO, $1.50 and $2.00.
Special Bargain Matinee—Best Seats, One Dollar
; * i ——/
The Fashion Shop VACATION DAYS
WITH LIVING MODELS A MUSICAL COMEDY SCHOOL
AND SIX OTHEE KEITH HITS ACT AND
NEXT WEEK 3 OTHER BIG ACTS
TRIXIE FRIGANZA ME AOT
"i —— mA,
> ~~ ■ ■ '
"Florence Nash in SPRINGTIME"
A Romance of the South Before the War, Produced In Jiew Orlennn by u
Superb C'nM. With our t?Muai Daily ( li«nuc; llearftt-SellK >ewn, l\o. 13,
Sellfc: "The Furnace .Man" <coi«edy), Lubln; "Mr. Duly'* Wedding; Day"
(comedy >, Edison.
MONDAY AM) TI'ESDAY—TYROXE POWER in "ARISTOt RAt'Y"—The
famouM Society Oramn by RrouMon Howard.
" ~ »
Tl / V
Photoplay To-day Rounds Specialty Co,
2-reel Kalcm Feature TCf*U UICU • Cf*IIAAI
With TOM MOOHK and MARGI'ER- I CliH Hillll WvItUUL
Ihe SECRET nOOm Wednesday Night, March 10,
-TIIK RKII BLOOD OF COl R AGE" 1915
(ivod 2-reel Sell*: Drama * rn t Sal* Open* Monday, Man-h 8,
rr m • | • a I|| Ol A. M. (ieneral Admlnnlon, SSci
■■Ain't it tna I ruth" s«i«, 10. n n <i r-><-
Mill I II 1110 I I Ulll l'»der An»|>Uex John Harrta Lodge,
1 Xo. 1»3. K. of I». "(lul.k Keller'
S. & A. Comedy Fund.
* » *•
' " —!
Speed of Animals
It ig believed that no animal has!
ever exceeded the speed which can bei 1
attained by the horse. Instantaneous I'
photographs of one famous specimen |
showed the full length of a complete .
stride to be about twentj--six feet. The
hare bus not, in reality, the speed of
tho dog. The dog, on the other hand,)
does not attain the speed of the horse. I
The giraffe is said to run at the rate of |
fifteen yards per second un<|cr the
favorable conditions. The elephant:
going at the rate of two yards a sec*
ond, carries a weight approximating
to that carried by six horses—-St. Louis
focpert botanists have found that the
age of trees ran be tpld by the leaf
markings—the older a tree the smallei
and more numerous its leaf cells.