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W*. K MITIU,
'Secretary and TrMtinr. W H. V.'WAUAWU.
«K.H WAWIII, V. Hvhmkl Bmun, J a.,
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THB ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN ADVBRTISSRS.
Z Tit. CP HO NKA~ BBLu"
Meat* Branch Kxohaaia Ha. 3200
_ _ CUMBBMCAND VALLBV
Braaoh Biohawga. Na. 848-848
Friday, March 3, J913.
Sun. Mon Tues. Wed. Thur. Frl. Sat.
12 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 -13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31
MOON S PHASES—
Full Moon, Ist. 31st: Last Quarter, Bth:
New Moon, 15th; First Quarter, 23d.
Harrisburg am] vicinity: Raiu and
warmer to-uight and Saturday.
' Eastern Pennsylvania: Rain or snow
to night in north portion; rain in south
portion. Saturday rain and warmer in
| TV east portion.
YESTERDAY'S TEMPERATURE IN HARRISBURO
Highest, 40; lowest, 19: S a. m., 20; 8 p. in., 36.
DOING AWAY WITH ILLITERACY
Teaching men, women and children readin
'ritin' an' 'rithmetic," or. as educators would put
it, eliminating illiteracy, seems to be making satis
factory progress in this country. Statistics com
piled by the United States Bureau of Education for
use at the Panama-Pacific Exposition, and which are
worthy of passing notice, show that there were in
3i»lU iu this country twenty-two children out of
every thousand, between the ages of ten and four
teen. who were unable to read and write. Since
"the numUcr was forty-two in a thousand in 1900,
education seems to be having its victories.
Despite the fact that four to five million adults
in this -.vuntry are unable to read and write, indi
cations are that this degree of illiteracy in the
"United States cannot last many years longer. The
risiug generation is doing its rising in the public
schools, and these individuals when adults will at :
least be acquainted with the fundamentals of edu- i
eatiou. Even those who acquire no more knowledge j
than that which is absolutely forced upon them
by law will be able to make themselves understood
in writing and to comprehend the written thoughts
Of the older folks of the*present day who cannot
read and write many are from day to day leaving
the old world whose educational schemes have
meant so little to theiu. and are changing the figures
in the faithful statistics by causing decreases in
the total number of illiterates.
<< There will of course be illiterate immigrants ad
mitted to the country from year to year despite
proposed literacy tests for them. These persons
will keep the statisticians busy on problems of
addition and multiplication, but will also afford
educators opportunities to spread useful knowledge
among them, to deprive them of the illiteracy which
is a bar to better things.
The estimate of five persons illiterate in this coun
try out of every hundred is certainly low compared
with Belgium's eighteen. Austria's twenty-five,
Hungary s forty-three and Russia's remarkable sev
enty. It is depressing to thiqk that soldiers of those
nations are being deprived of life before they have
ever written a thought of their own or shared the
"written ideas of others, while the money expended
for military purposes might be sufficient to educate
them and their descendants for several generations
LASTING RECORDS ON STONE
The world is not awaiting breathlessly the Yale
professor's finished translation of the code of Baby
lonian laws said to be more than four thousand
years old. which is now receiving careful attention
at the University. Yet the existence of a tablet
containing the earliest known law code must arouse
some interest and especially some curiosity as to its
The large and irregular diorite stone discovered
in Elam about ten years ago, which contains an in
scription of laws enacted presumably in the time
of Abraham, has come down through the centuries
to the present age, long after the original laws have
been forgotten. The ancients had a crude way of
writing, but it was not by any means an unsure
way. Had they kept their records by means of
typewritten and printed documents, university pro
fessors would not at this late date have any sur
viving records to worry their heads about.
" So lasting are the inscriptions on stone and so
eiear, if only the keys to the translation are known,
.HAfrKTSBTTiro ST A K~IN DEPENDENT. FRIDAY EVENING. MAJttCH 5. 1915.
that decipherer* are able to learn niore about man
ners and customs in Babylonia two thousand years
before Christ than the most diligent historians can
possibly find out about conditions in even the most
: highly civilized countries during centuries of the
I Christian era after stone writing had gone out of
I fashion and before printing had been introduced.
Blank pages in the world's history are not at
tractive. it is the right and the desire of the pres
ent age to know as much as possible about the
things that have been happening in the world iu
former days. Althouglr it may seem strange that
there are secure foundations for opening chapters
in recorded history aud not for some of the much
later chapters, the fault is not that of the historians,
who simply produce epitomes of accounts handed
down by their predecessors, but rather of those
predecessors who neglected to hand down any sub
PRISONERS OF WAR MADE HAPPY
An account from London about the treatment
three hundred "restrained" German officers are re
ceiving in Doniagton Hall, a hundred miles or so
from the British capital, woxild lead us to believe
that captivity and quiet security in such a place
is much more to be preferred than freedom aud haz
ardous activity in the thick of battle.
The officers who are the guests of the English
are said to be enjoying a most pleasant existence,
living in one of the country's most beautiful old
halls, having their wants attended to by captured
German privates, eating good food and drinking
good wine in a magnifieeut dining room with carved
oak panels and polished elm ceiling, writing and
lounging in rooms equipped for those purposes with
deep and very comfortable upholstered chairs,
small tables and a special postoffice, and attending
to their religious devotions in a chapel in charge
of a German clergyman.
There is apparently nothing about the. life in
Doningtou Hall to remind the occupants that they
are prisoners of war, so long as they disregard the
presence of the British soldiers on guard and pay
no attention to the barbed-wire fences which are
said to enclose the grounds. Were the "restrained"
| foreigners of high birth to attempt to scale these
forbidden fences or in any other way to manifest
non-appreciation of British hospitality and desire
to take leave of their hosts without giving suitable
notice, they might, of course, be forcefully brought
to a realization of the harsh fact that they arc cap
tives in the midst of foes. As it is, with the Ger
mans evidently considering submission the better
part of suppressed valor, the British hospitality
will probably continue uninterruptedly until ex
changes of prisoners are made at some future time.
The contrast between the condition of the prison
ers in Donington Ilall and that of the active fighters
at the front is so marked, if properly seen in the
mind's eye. that a solution to the whole war ques
tion is very naturally suggested by it. Let all the
officers of all the contesting armies permit them
selves to be captured, let hostilities thereupon close
for lack of necessary leadership and let the bellig
erent nations then endeavor to outdo one" another
in hospitality to the prisoners, concluding the pay
conflict in conviviality with toasts and much gen
There is no .leaving that SOMEO.VE ought to repair the
Perhaps it is not so dtficult to find houses for rent iu
Constantinople just now as in Harrisburg.
The Sixty-third Congress appropriated $2,240,000,000.
Even a nation at peace has some financial buWens to carry.
The Congressional Record for the sessiou just closed will
have 32.000 pages, as compared with 12,000. the average
for previous sessions. Here is one instance in which talk
is not cheap,—for the nation.
The North Carolina House and Senate conference com
mittees have agreed on the anti-jug bill which prohibits the
receipt by any individual North Carolinian in any one
month of more than half a gallon of whiskey or ten gallons
of beer. Even that ought to provide enough ammunition
for at least twelve good-sized jags a year.
TOLD IN LIGHTER VEIN ;
' PLAYING SAFE
"My brother is not so badly off. He is interned in one
of the enemy's towns. They won't release him unless he I
promises not to fight."
"Of course, he won't promise."—Seattle Post-luteelli- j
WHY HE NEEDS AN AID
"Who is that man who follows the general aboutt"
"But why does he need au aid hangigg around hiin all
"Well, you see. the general has more medals than he
can conveniently wear himself."—Kansas City Journal.
REASON FOR HIS PEACE DECREE
"Pa, Jimmy Green, the toughest fighter in our gang, has I
reformed. He says it's wrong to fight."
"Do you believe him?"
"I would, but for one thing."
"He never talked that way until he broke his arm." !
Detroit Free Press.
ADVANTAGE OF MARRYING AN ACTOR
Famous Actor—"Oh, yes, I'm married, but I alwavs
think it's kind o' tough on a girl that marries one of us
She—"Still it might be worse. I suppose you're away
from home most of the time." —Life.
THE YOUNG BRIDE'S THEORY
Mrs. Youngbride—"What small eggs!"
Groeer —"Yes-s, they are; but I'm sure I don't know
Mrs. Youngbride—"They took them out <& the nest too
soon, I suppose."—Boston Transcript.
HONEST MULE SELLER
"Didn" Buff Jackson tell you dat mule he traded to you
is a pow'ful kiekert"
"He didn't 'zaetly tell me, but he tried to be honest, j
He th'owed in two bottles of liniment an' a crutch without i
no extry charge."—Washington Btar.
against the serious sickness so
likely to follow an ailmentof the
or inactive bowels, you can rely
on the bsßt known corrective
(Iha Unaat Sab al An Mha la tin WmH)
;■" 1 i
Tongue-End Top iCaSj
Mules for British CtYilry
The latest shipment of mules to
Kngland is composed of such clean
limbed, active beasts that certain army
experts have proposed to the War De
partment to use them for cavalry or
mounted iufantry. In the British army
the mule is used only for transport and
the mountain battery work, not being
regarded as suitable for other branches
of the service, "but Britain's stock of
cavalry horses is exhausted, and the
heavy draught animals left on the farms
are decidedly less active than the latest
arrival of mules, Spanish and Mexican
cavalry have always mode a liberal use
of mules aud found them more service
able than horses for work in rough
Troubles of a Submarine
A new story is told of the British
submarine B-11, whose commander.
Lieutenant X. Holbrook. received the
\ ictoria Cross for braving the Darda
nelles and sinking a Turkish battle
ship. On entering the Dardanelles, the
submarine sighted a Turkish patrol
boat. The B-ll thereupon dived and
remained beloiv for some time. On coin
ing to the surface, the Turk was seen
-steaming around in a circle. After an
other ilisp, the commander found the
patrol still on hand. Thereupon, the
commander rammed and sunk her. The
mystery was then cleared. The B-ll
had -ouled a buoy and had been drag
ging it about on the surface, so that all
the Turks had to do was to follow the
Battle Robs Men of Taste
One of the curious effects of shell ex
plosion reported at the military hos
pitals in London is the loss of the senses
of taste and smell. Dr. Charles Myers
states that he has met three oases of
tais iu bis own experience. The men
received no tlesh rounds at all. but be
cause of their loss of senses thev could
not distinguish by taste between sugar,
quinine, acid and salt, which felt alike
to the tongue.
'•These cases apt ear to constitute a
definite class among shellshock ef
fects. says Dr. Myers. ''The shells
in question appear to have burst with
considerable noise, scattering much dust,
but this was not accompanied by the
production of odor. It is, therefore, dif
ficult lo understand why hearing should
be unaftectcd and the ill results con
fined to the senses of sight, suiell and
taste. The close relation of these cases
to those of hysteria appears certain.''
* * "
Fleet of Motor Ambulances
A fleet of about seventy-li\'e motor
| ambulances, each one bought by
I English women and girls of the same
given name, is being organized by the
1 Red Cross for service at the front. The
I'ames seleetod for the ambulances in
clude: Agnes, Alice, Barbara, Clara.
Edith. Elizabeth, Gertrude, Isabel, Jes
sie. Katherine, Laura, Margaret, Mary,
j Xellle, Clive, Ruth, Sarah. Violet and
j Winifred. Each car will bear the same
I name as that of the girls and women
who have contributed toward it. All
the money collected front women named
Josephine will go into the purchase of
the Josephine ambulance, and so on.
• * *
Mines Exploded by Icebergs
Icebergs have exploded a number of
mines in the Gulf of Bothnia, according
to reports brought to Hull by Swedish
| v esse is. Xavigation is particularly
! perilous in the Baltic and tile Xorth
; sea just now. it is said, owing to the
: mines which have broken loose from
i their moorings during storms. Scandi
i naviaii naval authorities patrol the
I trade routes for these floating menaces,
; some of which have been visible latelv
as far« north as Skagerack and the
mouth of Christiauia Fjord.
Hold First District Meeting
The first nis<ri-t meeting of the
member* of the Women's Christian i
Temperance Union, of the Eleventh j
ward, was held yesterday afternoon at
the home of Mrs. W. B. Sloan, 1915
Xorth fifth street. The meeting was
well attended and Mrs. \V. B. Sloan
and Mrs. H. D. Irwin were appointed
eaptaius of the war.}. The meetings
will be held monthly at the homes of
NOSE CLOGGED FROM
A COLD OR CATARRH j
Apply Cream in Nostrils To I
Open Up Air Pasaagas. j
Ah! What relief! Your clogged nos
trils open right up, the air passages of
your head are clear and you can breathe
freely. Xo more hawking, snuffling,
mucous discharge, headache, dryness—
no struggling for breath at night, your
cold or catarrh is gone.
Don't stay stuffed up! Get a small
bottle of Ely's Cream Balm from your
druggist now. Apply a little of this
fragrant, antiseptic cream in your nos
trils, let it penetrate through "every air
passage of the head; soothe and "heal
the swollen, inflamed mucous membrane,
giving you instant relief. Ely's Cream
Balm is just what every eold and ea-;
tarrh sufferer has been seeking. It's;
THE GLOBE THE GLOBE
Our Spring Exhibit JP
Ladies', Misses' and Girls' Coats
C PRINO in all its glory will soon be upon JnUlElKk -
us. Easter is but four weeks off. nRMHiHL
Ladies—make your selections now. Beau
tiful coats in every desired style and shade, i
$lO to $25
*I ** T-T 17 T 1/ Ladies Coal Section
1 OIL VJLUDL Second Floor
REVISION OF TELEPHONE
RATES THROUGHOUT STATE
Early Date For Argument to Be Fixed
By Public Service Commission—
Beading Railroad Company to Have
New Crossing at Avon
An early date for argument on the
revision ot telephoue rates throughout
the State will soon be fixed by the Pub
lic Service Commission, but the prob
ability is that the parties interested
will file briefs instead of taking uip the
time with oral arguments.
The Commission yesterday heard the
complaint of John P. Stickel and others
on the refusal of the Bell Telephone
Company to furnish exchange for the
rural line between Greencastle and
The complaint of the borough of
Biglerville agaiust the Biglerville
Water Company for its poor service and
high rates wan amicably adjusted by
the Commission yesterday-.
The Reading Railroad Company is to
have a new crossing at Avon. Lebanon
county, the Commission having approv
ed the application, but the crossing
must be flagged.
The Commission a/pproved the con
tract between the Gettysburg Light
Company and the borough of Gettys
Want Train Service
i A lairge delegation of Schuylkill
| county citizens appeared before the
j Public Service Commission this morn-
I ing to urge that better train service be
j piovided on the Reading road at Xew
| town, on the road from Tremont to
1 - •
; To Christen the Battleship
Governor Brumbaugh has selected
' Miss Elizabeth Kolb. daughter of Louis
jJ. Kolb. of Philadelphia, to christen
j the big battleship Pennsylvania when
it is launched at Xewport Xews, Va.,
on March lti. Miss Kolb is a student
at Xational Park Seminary, near Wash
ington. The battleship Pennsylvania
will he. the largest in the world, be
ing 600 feet long by 297 feet wide,
and will cost $14,000,000. Governor
Brumbaugh aud other State officials,
with a legislative committee of twenty,
will leave here on Monday, March 15,
for Old Point Comfort.
Big Capital Increase
The Duquesne Light Company, of
Pittsiburgto. has filed notice of au in
crease of its capital from 510,000,000
POMEROY'S NEW DEPARTMENT
S. S. Pomeroy Adds New Meat and
Delicatessen Section to Store
Yesterday and to-day were tflie open
ing days of a new department devoted
to home cooking, delicatessen, fresh and
smoked meats, fish, poultry, etc., at 8.
S. Pomeroy's new grocery. South Mar
ket square. The uew department oc
cupies a large seetiou of the store and
is elegantly fitted up with the latest
and most approved fixtures for stores
of this character. The fixtures include
a large refrigerator of oak and plate
glass, refrigerated show cases, count
ers, etc., of handsome design, also in
oak and French plate glass. The new
department is in charge of C. A. Stouf
fer, of Broad street, whose home cook
ing and food products are widely
known on account of their excellence.
There were many visitors yesterday
and today, who were profuse in their
; approval of the new department and
!of the store gvuerally, which is ele
i gantly fitted up and is very modern
j in fixtures, appointment and merehan
! dise. The opening will continue to
j morrow. The public is cordially in-
High Finance in China
It is an established custom in China
that a new comp iny must pay divi
dends to its shareholders from the first
years of its existence, and this forms
invariably a clause of the articles of
association. Some concerns which fail
to realize a profit have to contract a
high interest loan in order to pay divi
dends in full. It is this practice that
compels companies to contract loan j
after loan until they are plunged into i
a helpless state. Furthermore, when a i
uew company is established it is from I
the start tied down to a system of :
commission paying. In every purchase, i
as well as in every sale of the com
pany, a commission goes with it, which
is, therefore, counted into every pay
ment and receipt, thus occasioning the
ned of an unnecessarily large amount
The Harrisburg Hospital is open
daily except Sunday, between 1 and
2 o'elock p. m. for dispensing medical
advice and prescriptions to those uuable
to pay for them.
Night brings out stars as sorrow
shows us troths.—Bailey.
\MAUDE ADAMS COMIN
"QUALITY STREET" ON MARCH, 26
"AMERICA'S BEST LOVED ACTRESS"
Quite some time ago a nation 's peo
ple and its critic*, unofficially but
seemingly by common consent, saw tit
to bestow upon Maude Adams, who it
was announced to-day, will appear at
the Majestic theatre, on March 26, ;n
"Quality Street," t'he title of "Ameri
ca's best loved actress." Were you to
confront the subject of this tribute
with the above written sentence she
would tell you that it was a misprint
and that the phrase should have read:
"America is my best loved public."
For, as someone has put it, "Maude
J Adams takes her public and her work
: with all possible seriousness but never
i applies this rule to herself." Hand in
haud with her goes .lames Matthew
1 Barrie, the whimsical Scot, who has
written nearly all the plays in which
she has appeared during the last sev
eral years. Barrie is at liberty to pre
fix "Sir James" to his name, but
never docs, for he, too, is of those who
shun the show of titles.
Maude Adams and .1. M. Barrie!
They are unique and a joyous combina
tion. It scarcely seems that either
! could get along without the other. To
interpret Barrie's subtle and delicious
humor with its ever present strain of
tenderness, needs just such a winsome
personality as that of Miss Adams.
And without the Scotch playwright to
•build for her the most fascinatiing
roles in the world, what, indeed, would
Maude Adams do?
Barrie has furnished the actress
with no less than six plays. In these
her Phoebe of the Kinglets in "Qual
ity Street;" her charming Lady Bab
bie in "The Little Minister;" her
FAMOUS EVANGELIST DIES
Colored Woman Traveled Extensively
Over U. S. and Foreign Lands
By Associated Press.
New York. March o.—Word has
been received here of the death in Se
bring, Fla., of Mrs. Amauda Smith, the
famous colored evangelist. Mrs. Smith
was 78 years old.
In her career as an evangelist she
traveled over bhe greater part of this
country, attracted great congregations
in England and pursued her evangelical
work over portions of India and Af
rica. She founded in Chicago an or
phanage for children of her race.
The barber was 'very busy, ai.d the
shop was full of men waiting for him
to practice his tonsorial art upon their
heads and faces.
One man, Mr. Blank, became tired
of waiting for his turn to come and
started to leave. Although his beard
had come out pretty heavy, he thought
no one would notice it and that he
could come back the next morning when
Hughes. the barber, was no so very
busy. The barber, not wishing a cus
tomer to go away unattended to, ac
costed him by saying: "You're not
leavin' us, is you, Mr. Blank?"
Mr. Blank felt of his face and re-
Maggie Wylie in "What Every Wom
an Knows," and the boy who wouldn't
grow up in "Peter Pan," are undoubt
edly the best known characterizations.
In addition to the named Barrie roles
she has created the part of Leonora in
"The Legend of Leonora" and that of
Katherine in "The Ladies' Shakes
It has been said that Maude Adams
and J. M. Barrie "go hand in hand,"
but that is a very figurative way of
putting the fact. Indeed it is extremely
figurative, for, though Miss Adams has
been the means of making the dramat
ist '« works as dear to the American
•public as she is herself, the author had
never, until a few months ago, seen her
in a single one of his plays.
It was at a dress rehearsal at the
Empire theatre, in New York. Before
the first act began the playwright
went back on the stage where Miss
Adams introduced him to her entire
company. Since this same company
had been on tour in "Peter Pan" not
long 'before, she made its inemibers
known according to the characters
they had played, with a "This is Cap
tain Hook, Mr. Barrie:" "Here is
Wendy;" "Please meet Liza," or,
"These are the naughty bad pirates."
As Barrie left the stage to nit before
the curtain he gravely asked:
"Do you allow smoking in your
theatre, Miss Adams " Being assured
that he might smoke all he liked, the
dramatist took a scat far back in the
dress circle and there, ensconced be
hind his inevitable black pipe, silently
watched the work of the woman who
had done so much his name
famous on this side of the Atlantic.
plied: "Why, I don't need a shave,
do I, Hughes?"
Hughes thereupon looked his cus
tomer over critically and answered hira
assuredly: "No. youse don't need a
shave. All youse needs is a haircut
on de face." —National Monthly.
lends a touch
to your dress. The Spring
shapes are wide, and rich
in colorings. And we've
chosen the WEAVES we
know will WEAR.
s<ty to $2.50
EfIRRV'Q lhird Near
ruiilfl O Walnut Si