The Tioga County agitator. (Wellsboro, Tioga County, Pa.) 1865-1871, April 14, 1869, Image 2

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Sir, I am frank - to. adinit .that the
Anglo Saxon, in this country, bas more
general intelligence, more cultivation,
more refinement than the blacks. 'Why
shouldn't he? Cornpare their advanta
ges to ours, and then" wonder, if you
can, , that there Is a mental or moral
difference. . - -
.. - Suppose Our fathers,' four, centuries
, Tad been hound in nuMael..s and
sold as we -Sell cattle and hories ;,sup
pose all the nearest - and dearest ties of
humanity , bad long been sundered
solely to gratify the avarice and lust of
their owners;- suppose the bible to them
had been a sealed book; suppose that
all theavenues leading to 'wealth, honor
'and distinction had been to them her
metrically sealed, and that these - same
evil and degrading influences; which
were the handmaids of Ainerican Ow'
very, bad all descended to u ,as heir
looms, have any of us any' assurance
that we should stand- to-day, 'Morally
and intellectually, -any higher than do
the colored men of this country ?, Take
Mr. Douglass,'to Whom I have just re
ferred ; is there any gentleman upon this
floor who would not "censider- him his
- peer in any intellectual contest? , And
he spent the first twenty years of his
life in slavery;
You answer that in him the Cauctis
• lan predominates. So much the greater'
reason why he should have the --41 lot.
Do our Democratic friends • believe the
- white man better than the colored man?
Then, sir, according to their logic if a
man is . more than half-white he should
be allowed the balloto for the reasonthat
s, minority of black Wood should not be
allowed to control a majority of the
Anglo Saxon. • •
Some of the Western States inive ju
dically • determined that if a man is
seven eight's white he is\ a white man
to all legal intents and ptirposes, - which
in . so far is a step in the right direction!
But, sir, it is not true that the iiegro
hos not,sufficient brains to vote. The
large majority vote already. .14/e are
only asking that the tiallot-be exten
ded-to the small minority-at present dis
franchised: In alt the States where
they have the ballot they have shown
that neither bribes or threats can deter
them from, voting according to their
principles: -We have only to look bacr
a few months to remember how many
were driven houseless-and homeleo in
to the street with fernerselestistarvhtion
- staring them in the lace' because they
would not vote against tbeirconvictions
• - to suit their employers. .
DO ybu object to their :voting because
they cannot all read and Write? How
- many .I)ga-wet:Laic vetes,would you lose
in the city of New York it' you were to
apply that test there?' bo not misun
-derstand me. I would not deprive any
man of the right to vote because be is
so unfortunate as to be tiAahle to read.
But I do say, sir, that it is ungenerous
and cowardly to allow the hundreds of
tliousiands of ignorant whites to Vote,'
who have life long had free access to
free schools, and then say with a sneer,
and with " two ga t " that no nigger
shall vote if he be uneducated, even
though his whole life may have been
spent in worse than Egyptian darkness.,
It is not true that they Will not learn.
During the palmy days of slavery, they
furnished the' South her blacksmiths,
her carriage entikers, her carpenters and
.joiners, as well as performing the heavy
drudgery of-field labor.
Th© reports pith° F reed man's Bureau
shows that the Children not only take
to their books with an intense interest,
'but that they make quite as good prog
ress as. white children. More than
that; the freedman, after his day of
toil Is over, Will be found around his
humble fireside, learning the rudiments
of an education which he was preven
ted from obtaining in his boyhood.
The gentlemen from Lehigh [Mr.
Creitz,] in his argument to the House,
found much fault with the " Freed
men's bureau." The English language
had not sufficient inVective with which li
to express his contempt of that instttu- -
4 tion.l
During the last campaign I found a
Democrat of the same opinion. He
was a violent Seymour man. In his
faith he was as firm as the adamantine
~ hills. I asked him why he should hate
Grant so intensely. He said " because
Lincoln had freed all the niggers, 4 hnd
now Grant had given each of them a
bureau ; that .he had, been., married
thirty years, and raised a family of ten
children, and had ngter., liao bureau
, in his house'" I was satisfied;
Is it said that the negro - should not
vote because lie has no property ? I
. understood that_ to be the position of
• the gentleman from-, Lehigh [Mr.
Creitz. j
How long has that been a Deinoerat
ip principle? How much more than a
carpet-bag do many of the Democratic
voters of Bedford' street possess? Up-.•
on a certain occasion Dr. .Franklin was
arguin against the pretension -that
should be a property qualification
of fifteen dollars before a man should
be allowed to , vote, when he said :
" Suppose a man owns a jackass worth
fifteen dollars, he' may vote, ' Yes.'
Suppose the jackass dies, hecan't vote.
' No. Then which is, it that votes,
the man or the jackass?" '
--, . Mr. Speaker,' do not the colored men
deserve well of their country?
All of us too well remember the great
conflict through which this nation has
recently passed; We shall not soon
forget the weeping, mourning- and la
mentation that filled, our whole land.
We shall not seen forget the five hun
dred thousand brave men who sleep in
unknown and - unnumbered but never
to be forgotten graves uponia hundred
battle fields, and whose remains make
sacred the soil of every Southern State
We shall not soon forget the maimed
. soldier and the widow and orphan of
. .
the fallen hero. -
We-remember the contraband who
came to our camps, bringing the . only
reliable news from rebeldoui. And,
• sir, we all remember with shame that
.during the first eighteen months of - the
war, after periling his life to bring us
, news of the army movements, lie was
sent by the " olive branch" mode of
, warfare back to •his old master, and to
a fate worse, than death. - They asked
'the poor pri - vilege of 'putting on the
national uniform, of striking a blow,
not' only for their own liberty; but in
defense of that government that had
ever been a mockery to them.
If I mistake not, our friends across
the way then said a" nigger" would
not. fight—that if you put the " army
blue" upon' them our white soldiers
would throw down their arms and come
~ home. Too long such counsels pre
- veiled. "The mills or God grind slow
ly, but they grind esdeeding fine." To
please its: political enemies, the Gov
ernment hesitated. Justice was de
/. layed. We " waited beneath the fur
nace blast the pangs of transformation.'
1 Bull-Run was followed by the Peninsu
lar campaign, and then we had Bull
Run again. Out of these disasters and
defeats came the, Emancipation Proc
lamation. - The wasted - auks: of the
: - Union armies were steed thened by
) every available man, without reference
vi siio
• to race, color or pre ous condition.. I
_I need not repeat wil followed.- No
. white soldier mutin t because they
were reinforced by black 'regiments.—
No fainting, famishing Union soldier,
escaping from the rebel prison 'hells of
Salisbury, Andersonville or Belle Isle
was ever betrayed bydne of these men.
. And, air, when the - war was over—after
Sheridan had met Early in the morning
'—after Sherman had marched from the
mountains -to the sea—when Grant,
- met Lee At the Appomattox, two -hun
dred thou and of these men were upon
the pay rolls of our army—had put on
• the national uniform—had followed the
old flag of our fathers through defeat
as well as viotory. , And their mortal
remains, to-dayi as earthly witnesses of
'their patriotism and heroic bravery, lie
_side by side with our white soldiers at
Port Hudson and Milllken's Bend—at
Forts Pillow and Wagoner—at Chapin's
Farm and Petersburg. And, sir, when
the history of the great conflict shall be
written it cannot, -in truth, be said'
' that a single colored man ,was a rebel or
willingly fired upon the flag of his
countiy, the gentleman from Clarion to
: the contrary notwithstanding.
, n ,
We have ,heard imic 3 f national
faith-3320h of national honor—m*43.
of the sacredness of the -.lighted faith
of the Government: -• t hen - :we 'em
ploM these riegroes,' a d they stood
by us in - Our struggles, we plighted the
faith of the nation that' they should
have' '-freedom-for -the r , race—equal
rights under the law wit 1 o—and that
national faith, I for. on , God helping
me will never go back - pian. ._Wo eon
cede that we• are co* rds if we are
afraid' to admit them to all the rights
that we claim for ourse ves. r ask the
gentlemen' - -from Clark) if be is afraid
that four -millions of - b act( men, men
that you say are degraded and illiterate,
are going to control thi ' ty-six 'millions
of the Anglo' Saxon, 3 bo possess the
wealth and power in his. eoulitry ?
They - recere no access ons from immi
gration. We receive a half million
annually.- • • '
Now, sir, i submit 1 "
all candor, is
there a Democrat on ti is.floor, in view
of all these things, who believes the ne
grols going - to control the destinies of
this republic? If he des, then be 14 , ,
mita that four million , Without posi
tion and• power, can control thirty-six
millions, who have bot , thus making
one colored superior to ine white men.
But, I suspect that ,our - Democratic
friends will object upon the greund.l hat
the negro is not , the equal of the Can
eailan. Sir; what de we mean by,
equality? ' I do not pretend , ' for one
moment, that we are all equal, in every
respect. 'My good friend from BeaVer
[Mr. Nieholson) is more than the equal
of many of us in age and legislative
experience. The gehtletnen from the
Tenth district [Mr. Davis,] who sits be
foree, has twice been the presiding
officer of this House; and as a parlia
ment: lan he 'has ne'euperiors and few
equals .on this floor, and physically
speaking,. I have no doubt the gentle
man from Montgomery [Mr. Esch beet]]
is the superior of the gentlemen from
Centre [Mr. - Meek.]
No gentleman upe . this floor the
exact equal of any flier gentleman,
either mentally or intellectually:Wo
differ religiously`and 'politically. Yet
i )
we are aW'equal as members of the
House, and,fn regard o our legal rights
under 'the - law. - (live a man the ballot
does not make him'
morally the equal 0
The "shoulder hitte
'and Mackerelville v.te. Yet did Ho
ratio Seymour or John T. Hoffman ev
er dream they were there equals ?- The
" dead - rabbits" of Bedford street, and,
: the vile scum in oar' great cities vote—
they corgrol your wad meetings. Yet
do their political frie ids invite them to
their homes—allow (hem to mingle in
their families, and ntertain Om in
the family circle? It is not the simple
act of voting that dr W 3 men together.
Men mingle together as they feel and
act alike upon moral, social, religious
and 'political questions. This amend
ment., therefore, does not propose to
change the social status of a-single 'hu- -
man being.
• - The colors man is our equal, or he is
not. ,'lf hot our equal 'and God has
'made him sO,rmodern Democracy can
not't, help it, pd the epublican party
cannot helpitif - he is ot. Everything,
in time, finds its pr per level. As a
rule, all objects find t sir proper sphere,
and in spite of legis ation, in spite of
our friends on the ot er side, the negro
will take the positiO for which God
made him. Now,. si , what does the
Republican party say . We say we will
not Interfere, by co stitutional enact
ments, with his taki g that position.—
In the great race of life we will give
him a fair start and hold all men cow
ards who attempt to trip hlin up.
The absolute right of man aro very
much misunderstood: Much has been
written upon the subject. The late
President Lincoln stated that - condi
tion better than it mins ever stated be
fore.. I wish it were written. in the
leglslattve halls of hvery State. It is
the very epitonie Or 'mutat - I - rights. - Ile - -
said " not that every man was equal,
but that .every man has the right to be
the equaf every other man if he can."
Not thane is, or will be, or 6. be,
luit that he has the right to be, rind all
laws against this right are unjust and
will prove void at -last. Here lies the
difference between Democrats and Re
publicans. They assumtg 1 that he be--
-longs to an inferior order of beings, and
for the purpose of realizing that as
sumption, they prop se to close to him
the, main avenue lea ing to mental cul
ture and worldly prosperity. No man's
legal rights arC saferen he has no po
litical power with which to &fend
them. Tkity allege him to be inferior,'
and then act as thouo they were said,
if other things were, equal, he would be
their-superior. The Republican party
does not assume that the negro is the
equal of the white, or that he is his-in
ferior. That is between him and ,the
God who made us all. But, sir, we do
say, as our understanding of the doe- -
trine of human - rights, that every man
has the right to be the equal of every
'other man if he can:
Mr. Speaker, this is, fill important
question, and upon it I shall cast the
most important vote of my life. I shall
cast that vote believing it to be for the
right. There is no half way house be
tween right and wrong. We cannot
rest at easel:fall way up the summit.—
We must either retrogade or go forward.
I am willing to stand or Cali by the
doctrine enunciated by the proposed
amendment., It shall never be said of
"ine that'l denied to the humblest of
God's creatures a single legal or politi
cal right that I tined for iny.Own
_ • .
A lions AnatCLS-7—F m
.—The t timony of intelligent men
and women, in favor of an given thlng,•emot La
thrown aside, anti regarded ! as tvorthless.
Have received the endorsement and cordial approba
_Hon of the most eminent Mon in this and other com
munities. The human system very often needs a Toni
to strengthen it, and to aid In the performance of it
functions when it , becoma debilitated. The Germanßitters does thisond pose sses the additional advan
tage of being nomintoxica ins. For the cure of Liver
Complaint, Dyspepsia, Ne ous debility, and all dis
eases of the nervous syste, it Is unequalled, and is
recemme rifled by pbys fete s of the hfUltest 'standing.
The wonderful sale which this articlefficient guarantee of its surpassing exesliense.
bias. IS or itself a
f t
"Hoefland'a German Bi ters" contains no Liquor of
any description. ,
noormumn't Otrattiti TONIC
lea combination of all Dm ingredients of the Bitte4,
with pure Banta Cruz Ruin,orange, anise, &c., making
a preparatien of rare in .
&Mul I value. The Tonic is used
for the same diseases as 0 .Bittera, in cases where
coma Alcoholic len s required. '
eti t i
, , Principal Office, (3,31 Arch lit.,Philadelphia, Pa.
'' Bold everywhere by Druggists and others. '
To the School Directors of Tioga
GENTLasts:a : In ptUsuanee of the forty-third
Section of the Act of Bth May 1854, you aro
hereby notified to meet in Convention at the
Court house in Wellsboro, on the first Monday
In May, A. D. 1869, being the 3d day of the
month, at I o'clock in the afternoon and elect
viva roes, by a majority of the whole number of
Districts present, ono person of literary and
scientific attainments, and of skill and experi
ence in the art of teaolling as County Superin;
ttindent for the three inceeding years, determine
the amount of compeniation for the same; and
certify the result to the State Superintendent at
Harrisburg, as required by the 39th and 40th
sections of said act. , J. F. CALKINS;
Wollsboro, April 14, 1869. Co., Sup' t
Summer Schools .nly.
Charleston, Youngs S. H, Thursday April 1.
Delmar, Cheese Facto • S. 11, Friday April 2d.
Chatham, Close S. Ili tonal'' , April L.
Knoxville, Academy, neadayltpril 0.
Westfield, Wednesday pril 7th. ,
Sabinsville, Thursday April Bth.
Furnsantown S. 11, Fri ay 4pril 9th.
Holliday S. U, Mon,dai April 12th,
Farmington, Hall S. H. Thursday April 15th
Elkland, Friday APrililtlth.
Liberty, Monday April 10th.
Covington, Tuesday, April 20th. 1
Mansfield, Wednesday April 21.
Roseville, Thursday April 22d,
`!'toga, Friday" April 23d.
Lawrenceville, Saturday April 24th. .
Wellsboro, every Friday thereafter,, up to the
first. of June.
Examinations to commence at 10 o'clock, A. M.
No private examinations.
If dir6Stora would advertise to contract with
teachers, the time of examinations, they. would
save time and vexaion for - themselves and
teachers, and have a onble interest in the ex
atainations. J. F. CALKINS',
Wellsbore March 31 19. ' Co., Bup't.
She agitator.
-We publish, this week Mr. Niles'
speech upon the resolution to ratify the
16th Amendment to the Constitution
As a first effort of a young man, new . t t o
legislative surroundifigs, we think our
readers will agree with us that it : - is su
perior, whether you regard its logiclir
its diction, or both.' We congratulate
him upon this decided success. •
The Williamsport_ Gazette, a copy of
which Mr. Painter, of the legislature
sends us, upholds the abolition of the
29th Judicial district. The Gazette is .a
Democratic paper and. is authority
. for
whom it speaks. The legislation is none
the less dangerous, nevertheless, and
after reading tho defence we find -in
our mind no modification of the first
and decidedly unpleasant impression.
What can Mr. Davis, (Dem..) of Clin
ton district, mean by urging the legis
lature to pass an act exempting .Loeir
Haven - bonds from local and municipal
taxation? Does he forget the Tammany
Hall platform; not a year bid, which'
declared in favor of " equal taxation of
every species of property including
bonds and other securities? Is ortho
doxically democratic Lock Haven to
have a. clo.fai of bloated bondholders?
:Will some demagogue over yonder an
HAIL, CoNNECTICUT after a twq
years captivity in the toils of. Copivr-.
headism, she,' oil the sth instant turned
upon her captors and resided their. -On
that day her freemen - dismissed the
Oopperhead State officers and filled
their places with true-blue Republi
ans, electing, triumphantly the,efi
tire State ticket, a largely Republican
Legislature, and three out of Apr mem
bers of Congress, being a gain of two.
Thus is Grant sustained, and the rati
fication of the Amendment to the na
tional Constitution assured in Connec
ticut. The majority for the State tick
et is reported at 811.
tle Rhody held her election on the 7th,
and elected the entire Republican State
ticket by a majority of 3,800. The
Legislature is nearly all Republican.
New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode
Island ! Three first guns of 1869. They
all speak for Grant and the Amend
ment. Maine comes next. • The ball
opens grandly.
either socially or
his neighbor.—
• "of Five Points
The farming interest should be co
operative if it would be strong. As at
present managed it is but
_a loose, In
epherentsteraragailay, .f . istoza-of -zimujr
minds, some of whom conduct busi
ness skillfully, and more at haphazard.
Believing, as we do, that all Indus
tricot interests are common—the pro
ducer in any branch - being akiri:in
interest to each producer in every other
branch—our object in this writing is to
a‘Vaken working men to a just appreci
ation of the part they in common bear
in the relations,of aptive life. There is
o quarrel between . the producer of
wh • s nd the producer of butter and
cheese ;no between the grower of
wool and the grower of fruits. Or, if
there be a contest, it is clearly a forced
strife, and eannotendure without some
thing more than natural antagonisms
to feed it.
Look at it : The manufacturers of
print paper, all over the country, have
a common interest. They have discov
ered the fact, and have associated them
selves together as an informal corpora
tion. In this way, what Is for the in
terest of one .member, becomes the in
terest of all. And though same of the
newspapers have grumbled about it
occasionally, we suspect that the stead
iness of the piper market for half a,
dozen years is entirely due to the con
cert of action among the producers.—
The consumption of paper has pressed
constantly upon the supply, and the
cost to the consumer, though often high,
has not been oppressive, all things con
sidered. Before the manufacturers be
came cooperative, in business 4nsolven-,
cy and unthrift was the rule among
them. Their fortunes varied widely.
The same is true of type-founder S—
. have a - regular tariff of prices,
regular meetings, and ,complete organ
Well—we hear some one remark:
" It' is a monopoly. These paper-mak
.ers and type -founders combine to ow
press the printer and publisher." Net
at all. They combine to render the
profits of fluctuating business certain
and remunerative. Were we to regard
the present interests of THE AGITATOR
as paramount, no doubt we might find
it pleasant to purchase type, and ma
terial, and white paper at one-fourth of
present cost. But, this would be • to
drive six out of every eight paper-mak
ers and type-founders out of business,
leaving a few establishments with
heavy capital to monopolize the trade,
and in. the end. to carry prices up to a
higher notch than ever. At present
small capital stands as good a chance as
larger among type•founders; and the
number of founders is large enough to
ensure competition, and through that,
reasonable prices. '
We mention these instances of coop
erative Industry, because the evil of
combination, if evil it be, in these may
be supposed to affect the business of
journalism. , We regard the , concert of
action among this class of producers as
beneficial' to both consumers and pro
ducers in the long run. If this be true
in one case why not in another?
Farmers should work together: , By
concert of action the fluctuations in the
grain market, which have resembled
the ebb and flow of spring tides for sev
eral years, would,' in a few years, be
4comparatively unknown. The high
, Prices of flour and grain, so unnatural
at times, are not consequential to light
crops so much as to the 'detention of
grain on its way to the great markets.
Where'there is a brisk demand, and the
W. 171,1,1380110 , PION3F'A..
WEDNESDAY,•Ai'RIL 14,-1969.
supply is witheld, prices become arteou
lative and unnatural. A. few middle,
men control the produce market; •men •
of limited catital and= Unlimited reek- .
lef3sness. Th, country would be more,
prosperous with wheat at s2'and.. flour.,
at $lO, than it . can be when Wheat is'
$3 and flour slflq Ileithens3.Peribuslael
lel:Wheat nor $l6 Per , blat foi, lieurle a
'healthy price. It costs nothing:like
that money to produce either the wheat
or flour. .:And the invariable rule Is,
that prices which oppress men of small
means react 'upon' the ,community as a
whole. A few middle men may be
enriched.. But middle men are gam
biers, and ,their Presperity le public
ruin . . So long,ashigh prices represent di
labor they oppress nobody. But specu- .
lative prices do not, and never can, rep
resent labor. When it shall Cost $1,50
to produce a bushel of wheat $3 will 13:
a fairmaarket price. But every farin / er
knows ghat i it never yet cost $ 1 1 6 7 to, ,
produce the average wheat crops 9 the
land. An acre of wheat can be fodue- '
ed'at it cost , of sls,.surely; at I list, that
price is ample for . preparin , sowing,
and harvesting any acre o land fit to
bear wheat.' - Such land ill return 20 1
bushels to the acre.. Ts crop, at $2
per bushel produces, b, $4O. So we
believe that wheat at $2 represents
7 2,
'more labor in the net profit than. When
it spasmodically coMmands $3.
The secret of :"getting and holding"
lies in making/Prices represent labor.
Capital can 'nags for itself, for it is
only labor i another form. It repre
sents labor past. Prices ought to rep
resent la or )
The /roll of prefernient is not only
creasing inllongth and breadth, but in
quality. Under the new order of things
the Press is well eared for. With
Schuyler Colfa4,"a Practicailpkipter and
editor, in the second highest place in
the popular gift, With. Blaine,. another
journalist; Speaker of ,the House, Mc-
Pherson,. another editor, Clerk of .the
House, another printer ExeMive clerk
of, the Senate,—it look's as if the prees
were about to have its rights acknowl
And then : Goodrich, of the Brit&
ford Reporter, one of the most honora
ble men of the guild, is Surveyor of
Customs for the port of Philadelphia.
Fairman, of Elmira, editor of the Ad
vertiser, is Postmaster for that city;
Smith, of Owego, editor, is Postmaster
there ; and Dr. Pratt, of the ' Corning
Journal, is tendered a clerkship in the
House, with a salary of '52,500. Each
of tho gentlemen named stands high
in the profession (is it a profession ?)
and has fairly earned all he is proffered.
It affords us great pleasure , to note the
preferment of our brethren, and may
they save something for the babies.
Of tile ab‘lition of the 29th Judicia
Districi the .ycoming Standard says:
alt is an open attack by one branch of the
government upon another; the Legislature hav
ing as much right to deprive the Governor of bia
office, after an election- by the people, as to de
prive Judge Gamble of hie, no wore, ao Twin."
- rtnrone touroas , or• 't.t.t.trynitieir•vatirreci
hot for the unseating of Wilmot in
180. You can squirm, and wriggle, and
try to cover up your record, but it shall
be uncovered as often as you hide it. - •
At the same time, we have, from the
first disapproved of the abolition of the
29th District and the Unseating of Gam
ble. We denounced the attempt to un
seat Judge Wilmot, when, if you please
the Republican ox was gored. Now
that' the Democratic ox is gored we fail
to see any difference in the principle or,
precedent, and so denounce that again.
Can an honest man do less?• And can
an honest man advocate the unseating
of Wilmot mid complain of the unseat
ing of Gamble?
It may be cleVer, in the Copperhead
sense of, the word, to make the:charge
that the editor of this .paper approves
of the abolition of the Lycoming Dis
trict. It may be clever ; we say, from
that point of view, and ( within' the
scant courtesy of Copperhead journal
ism. But it is 'dishonest, and, as every
'editor in Northern. • Pennsylvania
knows, false. THE AGITATOR, in com
menting upon . the acts of public men,
legislatures, and parties, aims to leave
no doubt in the minds of its readers
touching its views and opinions, what
ever they may be Worth. Judging from
the treatment itigets at the hands of
its foes, and its foes may be found
wherever rascality crops out, it gener
ally succeeds in nThking itself under
stood. -Wherever you Mid a man who
is a'moral and social outlaw, you may
count him as a hater of TIIR AGITATOR.
This,paper has never been feed, or re
tained, by jobbers, nor is it popular
among such. It has ,never robbed can
didates for place to keep above water.
Can its assailants say as much and as
truthfully ? • .
We are obliged to Hon. Wm, H.
Armstrong for a tabulated statement of
the public debt as It stood April 1, 1869.
From it we learn the •forkiwing partic
Interest bearing debt $2,176,481,650,00
Debt on which interest hae
ceased • .... . 6,003,403,84
efurrenoy, bearing no interest... . 414,413,486,00
Accrued interest 39,303,916,04
Total $ 2 , 6 86,202,455,28
Less by cash In Treasury 1.11,005,993,54
Actual debt- $2,525,196,481,74
The amount of bonds issued to the
Union Pacific Railroad Company and
branches, interest payable id lawful
money, is $56,852,820,00. These bonds
are guarantied by the United States
which holds a mortgage upon the road.
THE LEGIBLATCRE.—On_the 25th of
March, an act to Incorporate the Mansfield Normal
and Classical Institute illasied thellenite: '
Mr. Niles stated Chia he . bad'lieard - fram fifteen
Democrats of Tioga county in opposition to the
15th amendment orthe'Constitution, and the re
maining 7.485 voters had made no sign.
On the 29th, Mr. Strang offered a bill providing
that the ownero any contingent interest in the
personal property o decedent may legally
require the executor or admi ' oho make,
and exhibit in the Register's office an a 'unt
of his or her trust at the end of onelear from the
time of,granting letters; end may require the , /
legatee of any preview interest in the same prop
erty, before receiving• the same to give security
in such slam and form .to the , Orpban's Court
having jurisdiction, as shalt secure the said con
tingent interest wherever the same may accrue or
vest. The bill passed.
Bacheloric exclamation—" a lass I , '
Maidenly exclamation , -" ah men !"
, ,
LW" for 12 cents • per• yard, and other
in proportion. If 'you want any
ess Goods or Shawls.
If you want.any
loths or Vasshneres,
t o yard or made to order in the most ap
proved atylo. If you want any
I whire you °en find 70 rolls tri select from.
In short, if yen 'want anything; in ".
.• • . •.
thelawiai priais: Call at tha
hereprieee aro uniform and low, where honesty
wit fair dealing is the motto; and if you want
5 'per cent Jess than you can bay elsewhere,
call 012 the agents of the
'and be Convinced,
•ome and see for yourselves. store directly
opposite thoOkinaoll $OllllO.
• - SMITH . 4- WAITE
Corning, March 31, 1869.
A Fresh Lot,
Just Received
DE LANO 8c 00.
Wellaboro i April 7,1869
T HE undersigned " hereby giver notice' of hie
count of o P t me nSmashn o ditor to audit the
F. Richards,
tors of the Last Will and Testament of Philip S.
Efrain deceased, on exceptions flied, and that he
his fixed the hearing at Mansfield, Pa., (Runt's
Hotel) Wednesday the 12th day of May 1889, at
10 o'clock, a. m. .71q0. I. MITOHELL,
Welisboro. Pa, Apr. l4, 1889.-4 t. Auditor.
1 ,
.Bernished to order. New is the time to beautify
your Homes, Old Piastres copied and worked in
.20 sepia or oil, at CLAY RING'S, '
April 14,1880.
_ . Art Gallery.
. , .'
_ln Bankruptcy. . - '
mem District of Pennsylvania, se:
To whom it may concern: The undersigned
hereby giyes notice_of his appointment as
assignee of David A. Clark, of Middlebury twp.,
County of Tioga, and State of Pennsylvania,
within said District who has boon adjudged a
Bankrupt upon his own petition by the District
Cotirt of sald'Distrlot, , "
Blossburg, Apr. 14,1889-3 t Assignee.
Orphans' Court Sale.
BY virtue of an order of the Orphans' Court of
Tioga County, I will expose to Hale by pub
lic' outcry, - at the- Court House. Wellaboro, on
Theriday May 13, 1869, at 2 o'elook,"p.m.. then
t t i
and there to the hi hest and beat bidder, the fol.
lowing'real estate, ate the property of Philena
Landis, deceased, wit: . . -
A heapaand lot - the berough of Wellaboro,
beginning at the co er of Pearl and Lincoln Sta.,
and running northeasterly along' Peatl street 90
feet to the line of the lot now owned by Mrs Joe.
Allen, thence by said line southeasterly 250 feet
to Walnut street., thence by said street 90 feet to
Lincoln at., thence northwesterly along Lincoln
street, 250 feet to the • place of beginning—con
tattling 3 an acre, more,or, lees, with a -two-story
frame dwelling house, frame barn, outbuildings,
and fruit trees thereon. THOMAS ALLEN,
April 14, 1869. Adm'r.
John Magee vs. Hathaway Loco,. No. 102 May
Term 7.885.
HE undersigned, appointed an auditor in
J. this suit to distribute the proceeds of sale of
real ,estate, hereby gives notice that he has ap.
pointed the hearing at his of2oe in Wellsboro,
on Friday the 7th day of May, 1889, at 2 o'clock
p. m., at which time and place all persons inter
'ested are required to produce and substantiate
their claims before bite,' or be debarred from
coming in for any portion of the fund.
Virellaboro, April 14;1889.-4t. • Auditor.
TIIE undersigned appointed an auditor to 'Nat
tie the account of Joseph B. Jaquish admin
istrator cum testament° annexe of the estate of
Joseph Jaquish deceased, hereby gives notice
that be bee appointed the hearing at Hunt's Ho
tel, Mansfield, Pa., Wednesday, May. 12th, 1869,
at 2 o'clock p. ca., of whioh parties interested are
to take - notice. ' JOHN I. MITCHELL,.
Wellsboro Pi April 14,1869-4 t. Auditor.
3000 CORDS of Hemlock Bark, at the
Tioga Tannety. Bright balk, well
cured; and fotii feet long. $4,75 per cord will be
paid by •JO HNSTON & LOWELL,
4 111 f
ALSO, 1500 Corde of Hemlock Bark, wanted at
the Middlebury Tannery., Por good, He r .
ohantable bark, $4,00 per cord, will be paid by
April 14, '59-w. 0. B. LOWIH4I4 Co.
,N•- Y.
'~: A,T,!THS
ft",_G-ITL A 11.0.\:1i.,
WRLave just received , a large stock of
(joods suitable fot••the Spring trade,,to
which wo desire to call the attention of the pco.
pie of Tiogn'Contity. In '
.ferAxioa and bore. wear.
Carpets, ,&c.;
we have a fall assortment on inspection of Goods
and prises that will'satisfy the closest buyers
that this is,the place fo make, thefrptstchases. In
Grocery Department,
we have everything needed to make a complete
' aseortment of
We have aho Just received a large lot of
. ,
• ,
. . .
direet from the ( Importers, of entireiy new pat
tern, very neat; and 'cheaper than ever offered in
,this market before.
Do not fail to look through our stook before
rn nl•tr.. .r...-141.2.._
Corning, Mardh 22, 1869.-1 y
Administrator's Notice.
LETTERS of Administration -having boon
granted upon the estate of Doles V. Miller,
late of Delmar,,deceased, all persontindebted to,
and all persons claiming against said estate,
will settle with ROBERT CAMPBELL,
, March 81, 1880-Bw.* _ Admr.
SEED WHEAT--Sutierlor quality, for sale by
Mar. 24th, 'B9-4w. . East Char!sato ' Pa.
HOUND OST.--Zost on March 7th, a black
and tan stag hound, with ono ear slightly
torn; name Billy. Any person giving informa
tion as to whir° ho can be found will be suitably
rewarded. lir. V. POWERS ,
March 24th; 1869-tf.
To Taxpayers.
911111 Burgess and Town Council of the Bor-
J. of Wellsboro, will _ear Applications
Or Abatements oh Boro Taxes at their room in
the Engine .building, on tho 9th and 16th of
April, at 7 o'clock, P. M., after . which time no
applications for Abatements will ;
be receive& By
order of the Board C. L. SIEMENS, Soo'y.
The School Directors will meet pt. the same
time and fbr the same purpose, at the Oleo of J.
E. RUM R. 0. SIMPSON', Beaty.
Wellsboro, March 23, 1889.-3 t
House & Lot for Sale.
11-N Wellsboro, on Nichols St,, The house is
two stories, add on,
finished, inside and out.
ill be sold on 'reasonable terms.. Inquire, for
terms, &c., of yiralter Sherwood Esq., Attorney,
Millsboro. * ' JOHN MILLER.
March 24th, i869-4w.0 . .
10,b00,Bai. Corn,
10,000 " Oats, and any amount o
good wheat. J. B. DIMON 44. Co.
Niles Valley, Marob 24th, 1860-tf..
The Best Stbek of
in Wellatiorio, oan be found at
I .
A °bolo lot of CLOVER:and TIMOTHY SEED,
besides all kinds of OAJPEN and small FIELD
You cart get cash for your -'•
March 34 1869.
Notice to Teachers &c.
HE School Directors of Charkston will mea
nt the :Young ' School Rouse, Saturday,
April 17: next, Tor the purpose of letting wood
(marmite in the forenoon and of hiring teachers
in the afternoon of same day'. By order of tho
March I. I.BBo—Sw.
FOR CASH, wo will :ion FEED et those pr
ces :
. Very best Rye l& Ogts, Oround
here, • • . . - 82,50 cwt.
Beat imported Feed, 2,25 "
'Best comnton Eeed,••• . 2,00 '‘
Cow reed,• 1.74
The above goods, fit the above prices, are
strictly cash I' •
We don't mix sandhi our feed.
We haven't a Plaster Mill connected wlfh our
Flouring Mill !
Our Feed is tiara! -WRIGHT & BAILEY.
Wellsboro, Jan. 20, 1200. -
Mandeld, Pa.
esale and Retail
w. C. KRESS.
eriber will keep on blind at all times
oat of \ W
riliEE sub
full .1
. -
nt Medicines,
Extracts, Perfumery, Kerosene,
Wicks; Dye Colors, White Wash
and Brushes, Varnish and
,s.h Brushes, Window Glass
Pt sizes, Varnish of all
kinds, Fancy Soaps,
I flair Oils,
I .ECJTAC h tES,. '
I .-L_
Tooth Brushes, a, full stock. of
e Notions ; also a complete as
sortment of\
Hair an
teopathic Tedleiines f
and a full stock of ,
ure Wines and
[. aro requested to cal:
a purchasing elscwhe
ces bef.
ery. and Provision Store,
~C.. ~. ISiIL.L,
kinds of
es, Liquors and
&14113IILATORS, TOYS, &c., &c
A fu I and complete assortment of the above
mentioned goods of the beat quality always on
Particular attention paid to Pine Groceries.
Dealers and Consumers will find it to their in
terest to examine his Stook before buying.• '
Corning, N. Y., March 31, 1869, •
aro'now offering
lleboro t Jan. 20, 1869.
tion-hole Over-seaming
nd Sewing Machine.
E greatest invention and the Best sewing
Machine In the world. It has no equal as a
ly Machine. And
a really. two machines in one by a simple
eatitiful mechanical arrangement, making
the Shuttle or Look-atitch and the Over-
I ,
,ngund Button-hole atitoh with .equitl fa
and perfection
It executes in the very beet manner every va
riot • or sowing, such as
and n addition OVER-BEAMING. Embroiders
on t. e edge and makes beautiful Button and
Eye et-holes in al! fabrics. Every Machine is
Wa anted by the Company or its Agents to give
entl e satisfaction.
Per further information inquire of P. RINGS_
LE,, at. C. Bailey's in Morris Run, or of Mrs.
B. R EVERETT, four doors south of the Depot
nee R. Parr's Mote}, -B y, lo K ssb i t z t l r a g g ,
where •tho in..
Agent. a
able May be tried, and Instractions received In
win the Machine, by alt those wishing to buy.
M rrieltun,l'a., Feb. 3, 1869-.3m.*
1. S. Internal Rev.
envie. ,
at my ethos in 'Boilefento, on 'Euesday,
W, nesday and Thursday, th'e' 18tH, 14th, and
16t days of April,lB69, for the purpose ° gi l
in any appeals that may be made from the so
tio of Assistant
Assessors, relating: to the
an nal assessments, 4P. Appeald must bo made
an submitted in writing. R. 11. FORSTER,
Assessor, 18th Ditiirist, R 4,
11ollefonte, March 81, 1869. °
Jo;. 17,1? 6,9. P t R. '‘ •
XOft sale by
Pianos, Chlekering.l I
flintermister's Organs , a
son .4. llarulin's.Organ.
Inbtrutnente. Having t
years in-Muileal Instrn
same, I can Offer greats
mere of Tinge County
- Northern Pa. t Every
for tivo Years. for full I
ed Catalogue.
Mai:Wield, Pa., Marc
Prices from St,ooAo $2
_Narcotic Stacy, Ether
tared when
rented In the-moat app'
ion gonronteed. Call
Feb. 3, 1869. . I
L Having
been o mn
another Green four
largo pots, I,flat or m:
can make a Vett rib.'
Dahlias, Roses, Verb:
all sorts; Basket
Baskets, new pat
nine, Cape Jo;
Cistins, disco
s in 'dale
New Crimson Clue I
'sorts in pots or by t
bage Plants, Egg
(two years old) be
White Salad, Can/l
and examine pri
All kinds of,early
of April, at the taro '
of MCCABE 4 Mix,
Having employed h - o will At
Lion to eltetomors on
and cultivatiop of P
This Spring's Oat
may desire and writ
come and see my Ho'
selves. , With grail
favors. -
Bouquets wil
ed ; 35 to 50 cents e.
Towanda, Pa., MI
j/Efr Orders left .1
Store, Wellsbero, wi
Mason 6c,
Together with the
obared of
Si w 4
ifA VIN G obtain
ufac tutors of
we have the facilitik
ces to • compare fav
in either the earn
Their reputation is
need be said reg
having been awar
the principal Fairs
and foreign county
provements,vbieb t i
reed instrnmelnts,
their et.xcinsive us
these instruments.
strength and dural
and quality of torsi
other reed instrumf
bination of tones
and other organ',
reed instrument, c,
styles, prices, &c.,
j granted upo
Avery, latd or C I
indebted t+, or
must settle with
waro, Boota, Sh ,
nor of Market ,
Pa, Jan. (), ISt
FARMER, halt, and here you'll find CAYUGA
PLASTER ground as fine as any floor, tar'
people say thatcorao ground Planter had its pia,
On hand you' I find a plenty hem •-
• Como ono an all both far and near,
To' C. H. 0 ENB'• Mill, Mansfield, Pa.
Price $2. per ton, Jan. 6, ISO,
LOTS of Fresh
Post Mills;
Ton Also 411 ki
Cash prioo.
Will deliver Flo'
Corning, free of a.
containing J 2
Said form is well II
burp and a obeli
adapted to dair •
terms easy. Inq
boro, or
Sept, 23,1868.
tate of Day
BY order of t
tho Eubscr
on Saturday tho
tain lot in tho b.
about one third
of Covington st
ing house, wood:;
Alert on the so,
Smitb k farm i
North it West b
IC. Coolidge. &
twining about Si
frich is itnprov
m houso, cod
tipple orchard of
log trees, besides
Lilo lot in Wells
oloek A. M, and
3 o'clock P. M., .1
The subscribe
theh property bet 1
polo, and also,no 2
the purchase trio'
W ell sb oro, Ma 1
ResprC l tfully an
Charloston an ,
grateful for t
donco of Eliasj
property let
thoroughly r
modtito the
. I
'no undersi •
bratod W. D 7 l
4 VP DOW ones o.
Also, a 2.50;
mako, for sato c
We!Moro, Ili{
P n grteta
F(WT. -Haines Brother/
,Stelnways, and fiteck' c
.d Melodeons, ant 14.
'These 'aro all first-cla n
.4 experience of mar l
I. ants; and tuning the
inducetnants to costa.
han any other - dealer' is
.strument Is warrante4
. articulate tee Illostrinl.
-" I. G. iiorr.
3; 1869—1 y
MAIN StltErr,
\vEtLsßoao, Pa
bout Pain. :Artifici2l
I • ono to an entire set—.
1,00. Nitrous Oxide O.
nd Chloroform, adminii.
Teeth lu all conditiona
p orad manner. 'Sntirtrr.
rid see specimens.
!,It exponao ii fitting up
, giving more room fur
.. self that no Green ilouii
I n. of -
!alas, Petuinas, Geranium:,
ante, all sone; Banging
erne; Beautiful Dego
seaming, Carnations,
or; reltitioninms
y, an. &o. Aco.
:es Tomato Plants, and all
o dozen. All kinds of Cab
Planta, Asparagus Roots
o Roots, Celery, Deart„
i ower, Thyme. -
Vegetable plants ready let
to Uoueea and at the stare
Mercur's New Block.
lone of ther.most experlented
11 times give any informa
-1 tho mode , rtt‘ propagation
logue will be sent to all that
II for It. I invite all to
ses, Plants, to., forjthem•
ado I ackupw!ledge past
be found 'at hbe stpre of
morning, Ben;lays foutpl•
6 . 3,1869-6 m.
t Wm. Roberti', 1113
I receive prompt atti
Read ,
I amlin Cabinet
can be advantageously Fir.
• ed the agency from the wan.
be above named instruments
forlarnlahing them at pri.
.rably with those of dattleci
e . or other reed instruments.
ouch that.scureely anything
Lrding their Wing desirable,
led pretriinma 140 medals le
and Inetifutes, Path in this
ice. Many fine modern
are go desirable in• all god
re owned and retained for
by the manufacturers of
Renee it le, while they claim
ility, together with volume,
1 equal to any, they excel all
.nts, in the variety and. com.
hieh can bo produced.
!ations, wkshing td obtain
be suitor's's regards sin
.-. •
ic4r- Send for
Tic;ga,lliarols, I
trators' Notice
• dministation having been
tho osyate of George W.
arlestor dee'd, all pertm
' 1411351 r4 'Againot said estate,
eh 2. 1880-6w.el Adms.
Charleston, Ma
! !"if GOODS, Grocarlos, lind•
*ea, nets, Cape, &0., c0r
d Crofton streets, WollAcro.
-Ground Plaatar at Patine
,natantly on hand, at tz6 1 , 1
do . of Vionr, Feed, at loots
r 1134 Peed nt Vogt% De.put,
• TIODOATAN, ct, Co.
mo ; Pitinted , Port.
Jan. 6611 1868—
Pm for Sale.
Elk Run Gaines township,
aprcp, 50 acres i uti)roved
aterod, has a frame bows 4nd
e apple orchard, and 1 1 ueli
jag purposes. Title good
ire of Wm. 11. Smith,Well
1,. L. RUSSELL, 7•Jllpar•
s Sale of t the real a
-1 d',H. Smit, dec'd, late
o Orphans' Court of Tioga Co.;,
‘ior will sell At public) Mean I
24th day of April next, a ear
. rough of Wellsboro,•containinl
of an note, near tbo west tad
root, on which is a good dwell•
; hod and stable.-
- - -
me day the well known 111T1d
n Charleston, boundeA on the
Alpheus Williard i .Squth by a
Past by M. M. Colforsc, con•
noses, about sixty' acres ,g 1
.d, with a good ono story frame
house, stable 4.t barn, and as
upwards of ono hundred best- .
other fruit, trees. The sale ot
oro, will lake place at 1i o'-
of the farm in Charleston at
.1 said day, each on the prem-
r will consider any offers for
•een this and tho day of the
ocia.ta for a orpdit on a pill of
i cy. J. EMBRY.
eh 31, 'B9—lw. Adminislretot.
Porkinc DI, D.
ounces to the cltizonz of FAA
vicinity, that ho would be
wilt. patronage. Office at real•
Tipple, Veg. Mar. 24th 19-11.
mith's IOW)
, having purchased tho hotel
.ly owned by L. - 11. 'Smith bee
!plod tho botoVand can neeein.
traveling publie, in a superior
4118r013 1869-11.
is agent for thojully
amain Utica Wagone, and ba s
covered carria ßEl ge,iIFET, Newark
Um). p.
4r. 24, '69~Bvi,
1 wan