The Tioga County agitator. (Wellsboro, Tioga County, Pa.) 1865-1871, April 14, 1869, Image 1

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The proprinkma have stocked the tatd lab 111
with a asw.sorasittlikottrtmentt;?,r4;.•
40 w iAN-4,--.0A4p.1*-0.:
and are propftrodt9 execTifo miatlytimAt_iiroiabpf
~ • •
-itooda, Idditgageo,iiiasea andn arraortmo
Oi Constables' Egad Just,inereßlarrics cm band.
People living a afi. atone Oan-dcpandon ha
lag their_ work dorta ticirriptli and - at.' b rick
return: m ail: - • - • ,
,BOOK ,AvivovToßX,
• Baldwiu Stro_itt,
(SIGN OF. Trig '4310 FLOOR,
tLMIRA, ,N"-.- Y;'ji
GOOD AS - 1 . 110 BEST, CARAT , 203 TLID ell RAPES
Of every description, in all ntyles of Ditdiug,
and as low, for quality of Stock, as any 13indery
in the State. Volumes of every description
Bound in the' best manner-and in any style or
dered. . .
.Bsceatie in the best•manner. Old Books
bound and made goon as new. I
=lll l 1131411D1E210,
COMPLETE Y,01111.' SETS I-_ - •
Imu proparad t to turillati back numbers Of II
Reviews or Magazines pnbliabod in the Uni od
States or Groa(Eritaln,,at a low prlee..:„ ;
Of all sizes and knalitlecon hand, ruled or plain.
Of any "quality nality or size, on band and out up ready
for printing. • Also, ' BILL PAPER; and CARD
BOARD 'of all bolcira and quality,:in boards 'or
cut to any'also. • • • •
' •
Cap, Letter,' , Note Paper,' Envelope
• Pens, Pencils, &e. ,
' am sole agent for
PENS, Or Y:01.1310IIN 812E8, FOR LADIRB•
Which I will warrant 'equal tollolti Nue.
bestrin use and no iaistake.
The above stock nviq Bella t the Loviest Ilate
at all times, 'at a aniaWadvittice on „New •Yor •
sloes, and it(soautities 'to, suit pareliasiers; Al
work and warvatttedaa,ripreseuted.,.
I respectfully sabot a !bare of public patron
age. Orders by, mail promptly attended:to.—
, ~Addrese,.LOUlS KIES, ;
Advertiser Building,
Elmira, N Y,
Sept; 28, 1867.-Iy.
HAVING liked npa new hotel building on tho sit ,
or the o 'anion notel, lately destroyed by Heel
lam now ready to recalve.and entertain gueats, The
Union Hotel was intended for a Temperance Donee,
and the Proprietor believes it can be itistainOdivithont
grog. An attentive hostler hi attendance.
Millsboro, Juno 26,1867.
:. 04e door bovoi the Meat Market, ' 1
WELL - SBolo,' PENN.' A,
iglilli ESPECTFULLY announces to the tradi g
It) piiblie that - he has aihisirable stock of 9o
ceries, -comprising, Tend Coffeed;'Spicas, Saga s,
31olasses,•Syrups e nnd all that constitutes a 61.1.
*class stock-. - Oysters in every style nt all 8 a.
sellable hours. -i
Welidhoro, Jan. 1867-tf. - •
.13cacitEa ete, "cSktviaesia.
Great Excitemmiti Johnson Impeached, and E
bree's ilooots.atid Shoea triumphant! The sabocril
would say to the.peoplo'of 'Westfield and vicinity ti
hole manutopturiug a Patent Boot which ho believes
oossestr the Miming advantage over all others; 1
there isno crimping; 2d, no wrinkling, save as they bra
to the feet; no ripping. 1n• short , they aro j
the thing for everybody. Sampleson hand and ord.
solicited. , Solo right of Westflold township and 'Bo
iecareit. - -110-bas alsojust received :4/splendid set
haisnoral mitterns,latesketylei._ Como one, come a
We are bound to sell cheap for cash or ready pay. 1 S
0110 door south of Sanders & Oolegrovo: '
Westfield Boro', Feb.l3 ISM J. R. EMBRF.E.
Carriage and Harness Trimmings
Corning, N. Y., Jan. 2, .18677,-1.7.
Kept constantly-on band o and furnished t'o.
ihr ; by - 7 I
.Lt his new store, 2d door above Roy's Build
4Follsbore: (June '10;1868
Scald.! Scales ! Scales !
VEER Buffalo Platform Scales,- all 'ordin ry
sizes, , for heavy, and, counter tise, may be
found at the Ilardware Store of Wm: Roberts,
Walther°. These Scales are the Fairbanks pat
ent and have no snperior anywherb.: They. dre
,nado in the beat style and have taken the premi
lin at all . the great exhibitions.
I have the sole agency for these Scales in this
170,'172,174,&176 GREENWICH
New Foy 11-. . .
ure irvannbunoing to his numerous frien .1
and patron's that from this' date, the charge .
the Pacific will bo 932,50 per day.
Being sole Proprietor of this louse, and thet4
fore free from the too common exact l ion of a
inordinate rent, he is fully" able to znept th
downward tendency of priC;es withoutalay allin'
tof of sorriest. ',, • \
It will now, as heretofore, be his aina to ',nal
'Ain undiminished the favor,ablo reputation
tho,Paciflti'which it has enjoyed for many year',
as one of the best of travelers hotels. '
The table will be bountifully supplied wi
every delicacy of the season.
Tito attendance will be• found efficient at
Vim location will lie found convenient
whose".bnaineti calls them in the lov
p•irt of tbsa city, being ono door north of. Co;
I Street, and 'one block west of liroadw.
awl of ready rumen lo all Rail Road hn Sipa,
boat Lines.-
Dec. 2, 1665-tim
New Tobacco Store 1,
rim subscriber .has fitted up the noon's
joining D. P. Roberts Tin and Srovo
f r the manufacture and sale of
CIGARS, (all grades), Fowl/ . cruci.ACqnznot
°KING TO BA CC 0, Mich illa 71 .kinC Cu,
PLUG 20B:ACC0, PIPES, and thq'cfiq
cast Brand of CIGARS
Call awl see for yourselves. , -
Weilsbero, Nov. It, IB6B—tf.
ELK RUN `PLASTER.:—We hereby co. l
that we have used the Plaster initnufat•t.
by Cimpi:toy dr, Bernauer,-et their works' on
Rua, in Gaines township, and we believe it t
, fp,tal if not superior to the Cayuga• Plaster.
Smith S M Conable .A P Cone
Mii Cobb , '• H E•SimmOns J Bernauor
(i W Darker : :Asa Smith '•E Strait
a Davis .. Albert King , John: C Miller
il..Vatrous WII Watrous L L btarsh
ILM Smith OA. Smith , K5l Foote ,t
,J D Strait. P Van Gelder ' .3 Smith
Jaroi Davis J. P Zimmerman C L King 1-
L.!. Smith.
o .—Plaster always pa band at the Mill.—
Prime $5 per ton. Nov.. 4, 18616.
. .
. .
NtW.74,4: l 2i&ec - .
, z .
~`~s& h
6Ar 417.A,LY. ki4lititils'Atiiiicir Hall
p it;o3c! drtig ittaVt, pit Tpdof(SePtiolfue, on or
before llie Fall Moon, at 7 o'clock P: M.
7Y0G14. 011.41PTE1t, 184, R. A. M., meet 'at • tho
on Tliftrialay" evening, on or before the
Moon, at 7 o'clock P. M.
YQHA.COUNIPTIP27 O . 31, 4. - 417 , 3 , 94f - Agi'gilli ' S, meets at
fhb Hall;-On bill.' third' 'fiiblay of eacli colorolar
mouth, at 7 &clock p. M. . .
TY'AG.A.GEITON O . O3IIIIANDEItit, No. 29, of It.NialPrS
TEMPI,AIt, and the Appendant orders, meets et the
on Mti
e vit 'Friday:Of ,each calendai mouth, at
7 o'clock'P.:Al.. - '." ." " - • - •
SMITI.11; •
; - "lnsiirancei, Iluants and PaalorrAgenay, Main
Strout Wnllsboro, Pa., Jan. 1,1868.
Notary Agent, I.lloffe
burg, Pa.;ovet Caldwull'e Store.- , •`
• '.Ot
Ottleo with W. It. Smith, Esq., Main S/reet,
opposilo Union'llioalt,'Wollnhuro, Pa.
Jrnt /5, 1868.
WAll:Papdr,; KerbOlin ,Lanipei Window Glaiai
Perfumory,'Paint4 and &o.
9prning, N, Y., Jan. A, . .
(First dot!, trout Bigoney i sts, on the Avenue)—
Will'attend td btisiness entrusted to their cure
in the counties of Tioga and Potter.
Wellaboro,JUD. JB6B.
0.)01INBRIalt AT
Wellsboro, Tioga Co., Pa. 1
Ulairn Agent, Notary Public, and Insurance
Agent ? 14e-vrill.attend•promptly to collection of
Pensions, Back Pa . y, and, ,11,cunt t Y. ;As Notary
Public ho takes acknowledgements of (foods, ad
ministers orths, and Will act as Commissicher to
take testimony. FAr °Mae over Roy's Drugtaore,
adjoining Agitator Offico.-04. 3U. 1367
liavin, returned to this County with a vieW'Of
making it his pernsanent residence, solicits a
sharo,ofputiiio patlonagc.
_Aji,,bysizte§s en
hisq.dlis:civili.'hii-litteiktied' to pith
vrouiptnesNand ,Dlhee 2d door south'
of E. S.Variosliiitoll:- Tioga, Tioga Co.,;Pa.
DRAPER AND TAILOR.. Shop over John It.
Bewen's Stern. , ,"'Cutting, Pitting, and
Repairing done promptly and in best style.
• WeUsher°, Pa.. Jan. 1, 1868—ly
TAILOR. Shop first door north of L. A. Soap's
Shoe • 1 2.4' ,- .41 - oAttOg,'Fitting,and Repair
. fug; dont; promptly add
Wellaboro, Pa., Jan. 1, 1808.-Iy. ' •
TA.1.1.01i cuTrER, has opened a shop
on Craton, strent,.rear Nt'§aars t Derby's !AI tie
shop, Wliore he is-preintredqb tuanufacturo gar
ments to order in thu must substantial manner,
and with dispatch. Particular attention paid
to Cutting and Fitting. March 20, 181.18-1 y
Dr. C. 'l4apicripiton,
;Vitt attend to Profers'iodal ealliin the village,
of Wellsboro and elservbeio.
Office and Ite - iidonco on butte St., 2d door on
the light
. - 1:J1pei,,24, 1868.
Li.ICON, M.D., late of the 2d ra,Cnvalry, after
kJ. nearly four years of army dervice, 'with a large
.wperioncio in field and. hospital prrictice,luis opened, an
clime tor, the practipaLrif meilieino , and surgerY,.ln all
its branches. Persons Iron, a disteuco can Bud godl
tioinding at the rdniniyivania Motel' when desited.- , -
Will visit any part of the State coneultatton, or to
perieria surgical operations. No 4 4 , Union Bloch, up
stairsZl%li f elisporit pi) 3lity 2 1866
CNOXVILLE, Pa. Pension, Bounty, rind In
surance Agent. Communications sent to the
above address will receive 'prompt attention.
Terms Moderate. Dan 8, 1868—,1y)•
SURVEYOR h DRAFTSMAN.—Orders left at
bis •rdotii, Townsend Wellst>orb; will
woet with prompt attention.
Jon. 13. 1887.—tf.
Jo PLATED WARE, Spectacles, Violin Strings,
&c., &0., Mansfield, Pa. iVatches and • Jew
city neatly repaired. Engraving done in plain
Engjidtt ancl.blorinqp. - . Aisept.67 , ly.
• • -r" ' •
. . •
• Saloorover Wilcox k Barker's Store, Wells
boro, Pa. Particular attention paid to Ladies'
Hair-cutting, Shampooing; Dyeing, etc, Braids,
_Puds, coils, and stviclies on band and made to or
ViIIa.Ii; ; W,RIGIIT4AgonV for fill the best
711.11241Ng 0: 4 ,0%14 yWIIEELS. Also
fur Soirvart'd Oscillating Movemoni r for Gung,and
Alulay Saws. •
rioga., Pa., Aug. 7, 1808, ly.
Dealer 10,:DRY (190,U5-ef-all 'kiwis, Hardware
and rankeeZNottons. bur assortment is large
and prices low. Store in Union Block. Cull
in gentleman.—may 20 186.8-Iy.
mot.. new I . lgtcl conducted on the principle
of live' and let lite,' foi - the -accommodation of
the public.—Nov. 14, 1866.-Iy.
4 T 3 p,CI..A 491.T 1 N i TY, PA
flood stapling,,attac t ho , d,an4 • . aptc!ntiyo hog.
'dor titit . .ndance.' ' '
li. Proptietors
, - HOTEL,'
WE STFIELD Borough, "Tiogii,Co. E. Q.
!lilt, Proprietor. litiw nnil
With all [hot ininiprp
'Within elle) , "drives of th - tibest buuFing 'end tith
ing ;round s in Northern Peicin'p.. Conveyonees
furnished. Torws inedurnte.,,,
Feb . . 0,,1868—1 .
y. r , '
7, - ;A AK Wdl.1 4 'X'(ON
• • Gaines,- Tiog`lilioulltyil"?l,.
1101 t ACE C. I r altNtlbirE;l., .1 4. lior'it. 1 'This is
ivithip,eo.y, CgaSif o 1 lho.
ait. draiinils in Eortli=
ern' gr) paiiis will be spare 4
f e :teem tinned:ill:Ai 'of pleasure seeker:. 111111
the travoling-pui?lic. .
. _
Bounty and Pension Agency. •
Earl received dean ill regui:d to.
the cixtra,boulity , allowed by •tlit net approved
Jai) pi, LeiPlatial,liaviagon' limy] a largell(1141 at Ali
pun,ssary, blanks,/ prepared to pronclifr all pen
gain dud bounty claims WiliC11:1111ky . ;11(leeti in my
bands. eerbelielivingat a distance can commetnienie
'with tilebytntter,aid t1.6-olr ebininiialeationr will LP
ptomptly nn3iVot 1 . , 11. 11.141T1t,
Wyllsburo.Octobel 4 8813. • ", -• .
ri .tify
. be
HARKNE.SS ck; 1111liYir;
•1300 r-AND - SHOE .•MAK . RS,
0 per lVittroti the
-=room , totet,st fiCej. tS'ee7.y
. „
101000 TS ANitt'SkOE.4 l of all kinds, nvide to
„Di t order and in Ilia beet fib '
REPAI.II,ING at all kinds dead promptly find
good. 'Given!! a dell. •
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8. F. WILSON. N4Es
t.iz WILSON lit : !VULVA,
Win. H. Smith,
Thos. U.l3rydon
Hairdressing & Shaving.
• • 0
). t 2 I 4 -
gOttge gorner.
It Was a millinger most gay,
As she sat within her shop;
A studCnt came along that way,
And in be straight did pop.
Mail' thawed hei,of measly° mould,: i`
Ale ,tbotight his looks waS killing her,
So ;lota of things to.hini she soldlr.;!,P.
4, Thanks!" s'ays the millinger.. -
• rs
Ile' looked around, and seemed to try
On al! things to converse;
The millinger did mind her eye,
But also mound his purse. •
7 !;b3strieditimu . Otbillattefitig" tengue,
Willntonsons6 tO be filling ber,l
But she was sharp, though she was young,
"Thanks I" says the millinger. '
Ile asked her to the theatre,
'ghey . ,got into my ear;
'Oif steh . is'
• • t'llo
A pretty iSiciti-broishq Mbar',
No doctors had been piling her;
Fairly the fair one's faro he paid;
" Thanks I" says the milliner.
When we arrived at Bawdoin square,
A female to them ran;
Then says the malinger so fair,
" Oh, thank you, Mary Ann I .
She's going with us, she is." says she, •
4‘.Sbe otaxialultilling-her ,2 ,
-Duty' in looking after '
"Thanks !" says the malinger.
" Why," says that student chap to her,
" I've but two seats at hand
"Too bad!" replied the raillinger,
-ycltwill have ; t?,stapd."
"I won't stand fhig," Says he; "I own
The joke which you've been drilliniher,
Ikre : take the seats, and ga alone !"
" Thanks !" pnys tho
That ere inulkktukett down young man'.
'Stepped oak. ;s'• -"' •
We gut fresh hiirses, off they ran, •
Ho thought the distance far.
And she is now my better half,
And nft when coo and billing her,
think about, that chap and lile4to ;
Vtiorrllantons geading.
Miss Vernon sat thoughtfully at ler
tinged , ~deep„ thought.
'Phis need , be kareely wondered at, for
the question'upon which she was pon
dering affected her nearly.
She was helres6,.having . come in
k; posses sion; at her-majority, of fifty
thousand dollars. She was possessing
in her appearance, and this as was
natural . , as usual, was considerably ex
aggerated, and brought her • suitors in
plenty. Amorig. i them she made choice
of Wi iiinn T ; WitisO6 and 14 a few weeks,
they were fo lia Married.
William was engaged in the wbblel
sale clothing business, and had the
reputation of an active, sharp 'man of
business. He was of good appearance,
and so far as - . could/111e judgek was a
good match- for- •-tire• . heires.s.v .Nothing
to his prejudlcirliad Come to the ears of
Miss Vernon until.the day before. A
poor woman had come to the door in
evident p over ty, • . and asked . for
-on neiirs-Arnestiviren i - 'oho-zinc:at she
had, been employed in making shirts at'
twelve cents apiece for wholesale deal
ers—that 'after waking a dozen and
carrying them_ to., the store w ,. she had
been roughly told that'they ere quite.
Spoiled and that frothing would be paidf
her for her'werk ; , hut,'-'4,hat she might'
have some more, if she would agree,. to
Make thqiri - better. .. She.added that this
Was one of the , stnall,wayS -in which the
firm, out of poor women,
by pretend ing7that their work Was; un
satisfactorily done ; .• when ,-, really no
fault could reasonably be found..
- The,surn,:srriall'as' it wafi;Jot.,Whieli
'she bad: been' defrauded, was all linpor
. her, as it ... .tiVr . esetited: . nearly a
week'swerk.. , • -•
4 `Only . a dollar 'fOrty-fofir cents
.for 'a . ;syeek's work'!" ;exclaimed. Miss
,Verrion its dismay., ' •
"That's-all" said the - poor woman.
`;1 - 1-0iY, then, do you five?",,„
"It can hardly-be called-living. It's
just burOyigeffOrg- - ,bOdy. and soul to
gether said the woman.
And 'who iejliia : extortitiner that
first offers" yoit'.starVatien l :Wages and'
then defrauds you,nf-thetit? asked Miss
Vernon very indignantly. : ;'7 „,
• " - Who?" :demanded , Vernon,
firmly, qpickly..„ .• T
4 1 §0i: " • p.)l •
I catrhardly believe , know
the gentleman.''., , .•:
is true, and if you will investigate
themetterTou will find lt to be so."
"I will investigate then:tatter, Here
tii•efiv.e dollars for your present needs.
.Caine here to=morrow 'at; this 'titre;
inlay haVe some Workfor'yOu to - ;di?.
The poor woman departed, ; invoking
bles;Sitig upon ,the heiress., - ,
" I williook into this," Saidlfargaret,
Vernon, resolutely,,Nsudy. if . Ip . ,,proves
true, the engagement between,
INV insor-itin d myself, shall le - broken. I
will not give myself to such a man." ,
" Nanci" sald,lffiss.Vernon the next
morning to the chambermaid, "have'
you itif old dress and shabby, cloak
bonnet yonean • •
• -1 have got some that are. so pbOt;
that I- anktintgoitaLto wear them again,",
slid Ntrncy, stirpriSed itt" such an in-,
".will,y, j ou lend e k me?"
• ".0f Course,. but what would
the likes of you want with such old,
clothes' ;; , :• I
" A little fun; that Is 'all," said Miss
Vernon. "I am going to disguise my-'
self, and see If I can't deceive some!
body." - - •
• :With 'this explanation Nancy I,vtle
content, end produced the clotlies,:'
Miss Vernon put them on, and in Xttl!',
Alithin borrowed of another of the 4er7
Viiiits'ti thick green veil; somewhat the
works far wear"; and - then - set but on' her,
,mission. No one, in her disguitge;
`votild have.recognized the usually ele
gant and richly dressed heiress, MisS
Margaret Vernon. , -,. •
Miss Vernon slipped out of the base:-.
anent door atidAipok her way to' a !large.
store, on which` wits:inscribed the name
\Vinsor, in large gilt, let::
She entered, and after a while a clerk
spoke to her in a rough voice,—
" w hat .do,yog want 7"
, I want to get sortie work," she said
in a limir'yoke: -'''• - •
" We ean - tit'e Yon '
• Anything. •
‘! Can yciii : "
' •
"At uny rate, - we,.wiil try yen:li
A half (rozen gliirts were gii;eii r to Miss
n d „infornied ;that- if
tiAlactorily wour „ dt - be paid
twelve cents apiece. These she curried
itotoe;-slippiug-til- the:hack door.,
About two hours later the poor woman
called: , • • -:4
" Here are some " shirts for 'You -to
make," said Miss Vernon.
" Why, 'they are - the same as rI have;
beeit making," said the poor woman in 4
great surprise. ,
" That is true, and they, came from
the same plaCe." "
. •
"" Am I to take them- back • to the
store? l ,',,i,„;., •, • 4 - •
" No, you will bring them here; ;X
- -
o work,, when done,
it have, been receiv-
will peyi you fort'
double, the price ye
•'-Thank you, M
Iss, you are so very'
Batty, ae
rithey ,*_illAle?roject7
Is on , I *ill take pains
.; sew hem at)
wiskto see wheth
" Yes, Miss Ver
with them."
Three days later the poor woman re
turned with the w irk completed.. Miss
Vernon paid her fir them, and requests'
@d-hopito,call the eit day . .,: ; i \:7- ,
I r 4Nalloyi;" sal& t i'd-heirees,J 'lifter her
protege had departed. "I shall wiplito"
borrow your old clothes again." : ,
" Certainly, MiSs," said Nancy, "if it
is not ashamed- : y a -.are to appear in
such miserable ra s'." .
"No one will now tie, Nancy." , :-!•'
" Shure,. Miss . , , you can take them
-whop, oyer,,yo,u i r ,........,.., _
~.,1 don't milt! I shall :nee d theni
again Nancy, but thank you all -the'
same." -. ,
Niat long afterxi-ards,. Miss Vernon,:in
het tibabby'distuise,:entOred 'the estab4
lishinent of William' Winsor,-, with 'the
bundle of shirts'Under her arm.
She walked up to the counter_ and,
laid them down.l
"What have you got there ?" deman
dcd_aopert young\ elerk.'; , . ' -,
..Sorrio.W..prk; sly,V:ealitl Miss Vernon,
iverybunibly:'•--- '1 .
" Well, why don't you open the bun
dle," said the young man, picking . his
teeth with his knife.
Miss Vernon i did so.
The 'young man' deigned. to' tumble
over the 'shirtii, and sneeringly glanced
at them carelessly.
" Shocking 1 shbcking I" he said.
"What's the 'matter, sir!"
" They're wretchedly sewed. Thatrs
Sv;but r oithe'nifittOr.4 .0* - Adifpill'kxpect
*6 are gbilig'fo'Aelll i , B. stieh shirt§ tie thOsp 2"
' "I am sure I thought they were all
well done," said Miss Vernon. " '''';'
You thought,,. did ypu?" repeated
the clerk, nidokiljg her. "We' shan't
pay you for thes shirts. They. will
have to be sold at a loss."
" But what shall I do?" asked 'Miss
Vernon, in seeming distress.
1 wpat's your.-13usipeas, 1 (not mine.
We will try you tree more, and , give
you another half d zen shirts. If they
are done liptter, you will be paid for,
them.". -,
, ,
,- , " TX,itese ,are ; depo ~well{ " . said Miss,
.Verrion i Sitvagel,Y s l i)rita the bundle
from the counter, "and X will show them
to your employer.' l i
To the indignatqm of the clerk, *hip'
was not u,sed,„tp,sme4 i , independence 'lir
the poor W - odniif-who worked for the es-.
tablishrnent, Miss Vernon took the
shirts to another ' part of the counter_
where he saw Wi Liam himself. - ' l ' 1 ; • ':',!
" Mr.iWinsor, o She Said, "your olirk
will not pay ne or these shirts.
says they are not ell done."
~ .
... 6 ,511,,Vi n,sor,t.ooc., one up, ? au d, p,reten
*o' to.,efianiittO•lb.,:' ::—.' ,
~; : i ~!, ;• ',
''NO, it Is O po' rly'tiorie. ' WC' can't
pay you for these but you may have
another bundle, nd, if they aro satis
factory, you will tlign be paid." '—
" Didn't - Pfeil your so ?" said the clerk
triumphantly. "}Now, young woman,
how ,m uch• did you make. by , that opera
tion ?" , . ;1. 1.' 1 ... , , .: -- ~,
" More than
gold - Miss Venom)
ou think, perhaps,"
11 any worh.--1----
isn any more,"! , !the
xt nit ,Irj
answered, coldly.,
"Oh ! you are
you? .Well,_ you.,
,w(24,sonie day,.
litun Winsor us
I n the high hoi•se, are'
Inlay be glaq to get
hen can't have
1, 174
as: th e d 3,Vhich
ally spent with his
he was introduced,
arm ly,.as usual, 'to
he went for Ward
great Miss V
i rno
offer her had to g'
~c~ltlly, and did not
asp his.
matter, Margaret ?"
and star r iled,'! What
I ktle me to such a re-
" What is the
he astied;titirjoise
have I done to en
" My hand hasjtaken yours for ; the
last time, Mr.f - Winsor," said Margaret.
" Opod. heayens; what 0 the meaning
°fall." this, ' , Margaret? explain Your
self. I cannot understand it."
" I cannot take the hand. of one who
grows rich by defratiding ' Poet. women
outrof-their-scanty-earnings.•- —.--
" Who says tl s:' Of me? Some one
has been slatide ingne, Confrent me
with:ruy ( a6eyse,:i, ,',There ',,S'serhe mis
*Ake here." t ' , 1' ~- , ~, e• , : '- •
",I •will do as, Feu' idelre.
,IS - Vait; just
fli've.minutes,"•. ~ , , ,• : , _,. ,
: ) .11IissbVernon ]eft the room and; soon
;re-entered in.he disguise. •'.,' •". - ' •
Thelyoung ni - n strode up to , the we
:roanl:. argrilyi .•' r•I , :i '• • • •
7-' -I "A:re - you the'
ne who has slandered
Me to Mlis Vernon?" m he demanded. -
"I,tohl 4er,th • truth."
Thei,lyoung mn iefleeted. Violent
cordiadietioh•he fiaw'•Would not avail
him ,• ,he would t•y another• course.: •''
y,' Hark Ye, you, g wonaah,7 - he said,
in a: low voice. IThere was u., mistake
—I - Will make it up to 7ou trtehly. I
Will-give ten dollars on the •spot, and
all the wo,ricyou went. at double rates,
if you Will tell - MISs Vernon it was all, a
mistake." • • • 1 ., ' '- •
~” Now. latei • •Kre -.Winsor,''• said the
.veiled-figure, tin. wing up her:veil, and
showing the eorit Imptuous face of•A•lar 7 ,
;gret Vernou. y ur , I) xi b e 'is Wel t ed in
Viiii. ;' Good even ne; sir." `. .'' -.- ;,- '
` Confounded' in asterdShed,':William
Winsorfound his '.- 'ay tolhe door, •and
bas'hever veutqC to enter , the rotas
t v
'of-the heiress sine' .He was paid, for
his mcaunessi,n , h s own coin. • ' • '";
, - lEOr tljo ,•Agitctor.]
'The Constitution qt",the - Earth.
. _ The, Atiroral, i i.Li‘diti..;-- - !rite auroral
lights, 611611_, itli4O,„Polarl,.Lights, and'
'3';'. l loo 3 .eeti ifi t4 .,),4,li,kurira borealis,
'.Whett ili;tile seuth;:attrora australis,and
.rooo,generally:4orthprn; , 'Lighte,; , were
:fora longrtime,-, vhaps.are now, cori
sidered 'one oft e mysterieS of -nature.
-At-one I time tit y'' Were :stippoOd :by
'ol . pb , io - be' the' elleetion'ef-tlie - 'riun'O'
1 p
'iity's r Stri4illg' - up, n the i fgrOt nOthern
'feet-fields ; ' others suggested that they
'knight be the enErnation of 'lights froth
around the horn pone, the result of tile ,
immense heat V- the interior melted
fluid,ll' d which ocount ofthe flattened
surface at the poles came Verfliear the I
outerpart of thd :eartiVii crust ;' :',cithers''
attributed theiri,;tolin -optical 'illusion ;-
, And it few supposedthent W i lio'hir elec
trical littid.' .. .' , ---• ~ -,• . ,
,-,c.• .
I ,g
..y.Ni.76' . .o.lipPoSei.l'_io.craiiiittte - ,frthil
' the regiprif Of the - re,le,',Aecp.tiS,e• hOwev
ef, ray, ,we might', go .4rWards the',pole,'
tlitispi,light's al Ways appeareci...utk about;
the:sarae_distance, never appearing' be
tween the observer and. the` most dis
tant - mountain as -in the case of the
rainbow. ..,i;,,,, f:
Dr. Loornis'theoryiwhich he dpduces
frorp a large qtnge ,oteobservations is
;that the light ot the aurora is caused 'by
,the int eyements b:attnospherlo'electric
itp;: that . the - .i :suit 'of • the' immense
evaporationof 1 tit waters of the'Oceati,
-in OW etiiiittorla regions; is the produce
'tiiiii br a large . arnotlnt Of positive elec.-
tricity ; ' that" the "vpers 'arising front'
this evaporp.tipn. co, Ty,. into the upper
n i b
regiontilthe tat ' sphere this elec
tricity,- which is th rice .conveypd i to
wards the poles hy the treptekl edorrent
,of 'those regions, and ,' as it goes, north
!: 77 al / 1- .2 1-41i
T-. l 4•C' -..., 4 ,; ) 43"41 1 1 1 . 2 1 i, ‘-.1; 11
• -
4 '"APRIL - -1474869
or south, Ito, gradually , dedcends. agt
tew,arda, t he, e rth,,tt T lG.,meets the
fluence of the negaffve eieetriCity of t,
earth 'wherilh'ey, bboome condensed
their inutual , influenee, .neutralize ea,
othbr by discharges whenevep their to
Sion reaches .a c,ertain "'hunt and, th
Produce the Mir Oral 'lights. Thia:tro,
cal current of lelectricity divides its
as it goes itp from. thosurface,,perha
at the magnetic •equator, a part bei .
carried South — by the Southern tropic
current till itineets the negative ell
tricity- near the south polo, and prod,
ing, us at the north an arnyera, call
the aurora ainitralis:
aloomis fortille's'hiS" theory cis
the nature of - these• lights:. y, 4 , he in f
doction .of•a,iarge n,umber of obser
thins, 'of the "effect of the,polar lig
upon the Magnetic needle:. ' -'• •
That the auroral lights are the re:
of electrical, action seems, now „tb
'pretty Well'established ,
ohserva 51
and experi in en ; bti t' Professor 'Leo
theory of the source; er manner of t
production, of this electricity' is :1
ject,to very grave,doubts. His th lc
of'-the tropical productlon'or 'posi i
electricity which divides' itself r
two currents one going ..north and t
other south, linot • .Ithink
,gerter 1
acquiesced in, though Tam not it
that any , better theory has been in
duced, . -
In all thee northern
.eNhibitiOus of
.lights; if therrtie to'itny ce
siderably degree brilliant - the mage
is needle, as well as the telegraph wi
is sensibly, affected. During the I
play'of Septerrther'2,lBs9, 'the aura
caused so strong and' , steady" a curre
on the telegrapkwires, that it was p
sible to transmit telegraph messages,
the use of this current, With Out
vOlttile battery wlititeVer.' During t
auroral display of August 28th of t
year brilliant sparlid,were drawn fro
theielegraph wires, even When no bi
tery was'attliched." • "
flash w
seen on thezt , wires,ahopt, half the size
an,otilinitrY jet or gas. 'At Itostbn
flame 'of fire folio - Wed• the pert of - Baly
chemical telegraph. • • • - ^
At Pittsburg, streams of fire, we
seen,.when .the telegraph. circuit w
broken: At*Washingtori a Spark of fi
j di:ripe& froth the forehead 'ors telegra
operator 'when his fore,bettd,l: louthed
ground wire. ~
n 1
, ce
_, ;.
*Bright sparks, were otid.. on 0
conductors 'of•• 'the ' telegraph:. to Bo
deaux in France. .On the. telegra
lincsnf Norway sparks an.Al,; i nnint
'rupted diScrungep were ohserveti, pap
.Was'aet oteflre• by these SparkS, and I
current witsi:itt, times,jsci Strong- tlia,
was,necessary, to connect the lines w
- the earth in order.tO save the apparal
friiiir tdestiiiatiOn.• At 'Boston' a flu
‘of.4lre . from *the magnetic NVITi2; bur
Viyough a d ozenthick
.uf. pap°
. At the, time of,, phi, aurora
tenib6r'2;'lBs9: iti - p "'mon well hnown
a large - ninnber - or the 'reinlersrcie
AWTATqII and .no : residing in ,W :
boro, was _camping out on "the. ;
River. of,the , N.orth in, latitude fo .
seven:deiees. Ho `describes the e
bitiou there'as the ttioSt splendid
-the imagination could conceive. • Ho
in the midst of the most- gorgeous
ever varying mass of ilame,.iloatin _
on,e'very side to the zenith; each ton
nfrilame•;7ns it leaped 'uto catching An
-vs-re. -- , 0-, 11, 1....-- ~... t... 5...::.;.1---a - - 44.-. ~.i
„heavens varyiug and mingling with
rapidity, of thought, its VakiOus line!
*• -The aurbra'verY 'senSiblyaffedts
magnetic needle. , • • • -
. .
Dgring the aurora of Septernbi
1859, the entire range Of the varial i
Of'the'ordinary declination,. at Toren,
was 3 9 AV, and at Rome im.italy, 4°,
These . - etraordi nary def,leetiona of
needle'prevai I almost simultaneous •
large portions of the globe; even w
the aurora itself is not visible,: • •
' On the 25th'of September 1844, an x
traordinaryldisturbance of the meg s et
ic instruments was' observed 'at 'the • b
aervatory of Greenwleih, near - Lond a.
The changes in the direction of, he
needle ,were by sudden Impulses;_ a 'ter
each impulse the needle - kat°. ary
fora few3seconds, then wiaa clerke to
another position and e wasagain stet on
ary. On the same ',day a. remark. ble
disturbance of the magnetic 'in:tru
ments was observed at Toronto, in au
ntie, distant from Greethvich more , han•
,i 3500 miles, and the disturbances
menced at 'very near the absolute ime
With those at Greenwich: The' :erne
was noticed' at the island of He ena,!
15° 55' S., distant from Greenwich .
miles - and from• Toronto 0000. . I
Similar disturbances oedurred 'at the
same time at the Cape ef 'Oond
and at,Trevandum, in India, diam
ally opposite longitudinally to Tor• nto,.
and: in latitude' 'B° 40'. ' the 's me
timean aurora was' observed in vaiioni
parts of North America, ; as well , as 'in'
England, Norway and l i t Van Die
man's Land in latitude 42° 15' S.
'At the time of 'the Sep, ember -1859
aurora - the magnetic instruments. were
very much disturbed and the needles
carried beyon dthe range of their scales..
At St. Petersburg •the' variation of,the
needle beyond the :mean declintion
was 4° 24', which was as,muclias their
instruments - determine, but .it
was evidently'' much - more. At Mel=
bourne, 'in 'BB° S.,'. the .vviriation. from
the n orm al.d genii ations •
At Toronto the dip of the,needle!was
increased more than - 2° , 19' "'
I might: cite other- ' examplee, but'
these:are enough Acrshow.'thati.the an ,
total lights aio the restiltbf.ala Increas
ed' action 'or 'disdharge 'Of.
that this 'inorease ' 'eleatrlcity: -gives
the horizontal force an oscillatory
movement, and also that. the vertical
force is increased, drawing the end of
needle down, as at Toronto. ; .
A sufficient number Of 'observations
.1 think Would show:that •both. the hor
izontal and vertical force issomewhat
iu 'proportien to the' proxiMity, of the
Magnetic pole." • •• ' '•
The observations made slmultaneous
ly., in the northern and. southern hemi
spheres, would'sdem to indicate that the
'electrical iluid,,instead.otstartiug at
the magnetioequatorand-forming two
currents one north.and' the other south,
actually has but one current, or per
' haps an infinite hutnber of currents,
'all passing-through the magnetic' poles
and dividing off into as many,currents,
aS - iliere are 'conceivable magnetic me
qidians, thus the'-earth 'in
a complete panoply of eleetricity, anti
also tirtfasing itself . throughout ail the
interior of the earth. .
May 'not thifi necessary ethidenSation
of electricity at the poles;. if 'the .above
supposition he true, bothe cause of the
auroral lightS Whenever any thing oc
curs to produce' an - Unusual current of
the Iluitl4/ -. • •
This.would aeeount,for the .si can Itan
ewe, appearance of the northern and
s.ottatern auroras as the following cases
cited in the blot
hsonian report ,of 1865'
would seem toto indicate :
'• " - Dtiting the splendid aurora of Sept.
2, 1859, there was noticed at CapeHorii,
in lett - tilde 57°%5.•, a '-bright - yellowish
light at. the south,.;, forming an ellipse,
the centre of which was elevated about
14aboye the southern horizon. ,„ ,
" 1 - n. eleven , cases : of, observations,
madee at llobarton, In latitude 41° 53' S.'
'they were, observed, in 'the north lit
New Haden, latitude '4l° 11' N, : the, and:in - eleven 'Other cases an
aurora at the 'mirth was seen at'-isTew
Haven within twelve hours , of its be-1
ing seen in the south at•Jlobarton: • In,
< ~ ~
• .
each' of 'these first Ole en- cases an au -'I
rota was, also; seen Englanai , , - ; - ! , 1 ;
-" Paring, the years 1841-8 there were
recO l idd l tit Hobarfon - 34 auroras at the I
'south.'' In 29 of ' these casts rin aurotia I
was , - recorded , in Europe or , Anierica, 1
and in the live remaining cases, there
was recorded an unuslal disturbance of
the- 'magnetic- !needle r indicating an
aurora:at no very remote statiotr.• ,1
"In the southern 1 hemisphere an
'aurora,, remarkable f k itgextent and
brilliancy was - seensimultaneously with the .aurora of tit ' north Sept. 2,
isr?9,!'._, f ' ' ' ' . ' - 1
' Psofeesor Loomis, afte recitingi a
iminber - of cases; au a up'by Saying—
" So jar,-theni as a cot elusion is author-
Ind, from .so !intuit a number.of.obser
viitlons, we should it fer that ,whenev
er an'aorora is seen' a Holnirton, , -where
the dip is 71:0,-M, our ra, occurs at son*
place,in the norther! . hemisphere,'its
far amid)! 1 4ta'wherd - ho magnetic - dins'
doCa not Otteed 75 0 ;• rin other:Words,
an troueual auroral splay imt he south
ern„ hcfnisplicro,..ia al cys apeompanied
by On unusual aispl y
191 the ' northern.
hemisphere; or an eltibition of auroral
light , about ono ,ma node pole of the
,earth, is tanifornily, ~ ttentlect, by a sini
ultaneous l exhibitio of auroral light
about the opposite m gnetic pole." :I
s .
It looksto- me that rofossor -Loomis
furnishes, the materi is to most , com
pletely Overthrow his own theory of
two' distinct electric 1 currents from
the • equatorial' regio s—the one - north
and the other gout t; and adduces
strong evidences for t o inference that
there is but one quire t passing contin
uously- from one niag etic pole to the,
other, both externally an& internally—,
'hat,instead of
,itia tvs, in currents born
of the equatorial mist
sun, there is but One
the earth itself.
An enquiry here n
Itself. Is there any
life that, corresponds
electricity? Au ende
in the next/number to
tiop.. • •
i Wellaboro, Pa:, 'Aj'y I
„ ,
Boa. JeroinO B. 'Niles,
Member of the Hous • of Represent..
'' Wives from Tioga - • l'unty, Deliv
ered Tuesday l EVC2 ing, March
23, 1869; on the Fifteenth
Anzendmen tot e _Nation
, • al Constitu ion. • •
'Air. :NILES said :, • •
' Mr. Speaker; I apPri sell the discuSs-,
ion of this question , w ith diffidence-4.
know my own • inabilly7l realize the
Magnitude of the Subject. Since I litiVe
had a seat. upon . this ileor'lliave mai
ly left :the, discussio of , the • vario B
questions that have cen' before usito
gentlethen of more e perience in legis
lation,than myself. _ . -
that I ON e
-•• . I v .
But, sir, believingi a duty
to myself and to the • ieeple that' T. hay°
the honor in- part 'to represent upon this
floor, I propose to gi e my views upon.
this amendment-L-th adoption or re
jection of which will affect • our people
for all time-which - - woposes radically
to change the organi law of- the:land,
and Co admit toltlie• allot-box a whole
ace hit) erte - exelnded by caste , legisla-
The':discusslon of ;this question ,n '
t divides itself i to two divisio s.
In the first place, ha e we the power to
pass this amendment And, having t e
Rower; ought it to b exercised at t is
time? . 1 • -_
Our Democratic fri ads contend that
this whole pinecediny is illegal.. The
i tatin . guisited • gentle ituf from Clarion
affirms it not only to be ,revolutionary,
but that its final eons' mation would be
revolution itself—jtlia it relates to a sib
jeet not:centeuiplated by the frainers of
the, Constitution, an that the whole
subject of sufiragb b longs, exclusilly.
to the people of the S ates.
•- Now Mr: Speaker, LaVer that we are
amending the•Consti ution .of the Uni
ted States in a consti utional manner.--
That ieStrament, pr vides two modes
for'itS - Own amendment. Article' fifth
provides " that Cong ess, whenever two
thirds of both House shall deem it nee,
essay, shall proko e ame.ndinents l to
this COnStitution, o on the application
of-the - Legislatures' f two-thirds of. the
several States; shall call a convention
for proposing ame dments, which, in
either cure, shallbe valid to all intents
and purposes, as pa t!of this Constitu
tion, when , ratified y the Legislatures
of three 7 fourths cif t e,seyeral States, or
'by conventions in tl ree-fourths thereof,
Us the one or'the Oth r may be proposed
by Congress." ...
The-iirSt method h
This resoltitien has 1
es of. Omigress by a
than two-thirds, an
ted tothe LegiSlatur,
their adoption or reje
' -We are - pursuing
*heretofore ' adapted.'
broken : line of
Votirteen, amendmen•
freedbin of-the 'press
"Science--'-of the right
:beat ,arme-7rof securit
seizures—of indictrne:
"defendants"—of trials
'bails and fines—Of rig'
•IStates—of ,the judiei
of electing , thell.resid
I lion, of' Slavery4aVe '
!Constitiitioia in preelS(
Is there a Democrat
,will say, that slavery
' abolished ? •
' And, ' sir; if in this
the right to free four
I F 2,
1 to,
I, or.]
E ere
beings and extend to them all the 'civil
rights that we possess will same of our
DeMocratic friends to I me why we have
not also the per/et-to extend to them,
in the same manner, a portion or our
political rights ?
Some one may reply that we are go-,
ing'baelz' upon 'the Chicago Platfor i m.-- ,
Not at all, sir. There is nothing its this
amendment that conflicts f with that.—
The, Republican party said in the Chi
cago 'platform that the qUestion 'of suff
rage .in Alio Statesately in rebellion
should be- controlled by the General
Governmer for th protection of the
people, an fel, the urpose of insuring
the: count s - against future rebellions;
but that phe questiot.of suffrage in the
loyal States belong d to the people of
the same.' ' This is ti e substance of the
Chicago tiatform hi this particular. - It
did not, e tiler by e - pression or limpli
cation, tai e the ground that the F ederal
'Constituti m conk!. i of be amended 'w
on that 'subject. . t Simply - affirthed
that a mere act of Congress could not
control suffrage in t to several - States.—
That:lS - 6in' position now. Congress
alone bits-"not the 'power. But, sir, we
hold that the peopl have the' power t 9
inalte,suffrage.unifo m in every. portion
a our land. That power can orilylbe
'exercised by an . mendnient to the
Constitution of the tJuito States, and
we are here ~ to-ni lit , exercising' that
power in ,one of the ways prescribed by
1 the'Constitution its If.
I take it for grant•d 'that every 'mem
ber understands , th.. effect of ;the pro
posed. amendment, , lore than that, the
people Of the' Cpreponwealth under
stand it : 4 . 1 s not only a single, but a
simple'proposition: - - It is not complex;.
It proposes. that ev .37, man shall have
,the same fights hero e the law as every
other man.' It does not propose to in
terfere with the rig t of suffrage in re
and sired . by th'e'
nd that born (i'
~• . ,
turally suggests
ing in animal
this terrestrietil
vor will be made
,nswer tbis'ques-
5, 1869.
a, been adopted. 7.
issed both branch
majority of more
has been 'subniit
a of the Stntes,;for
Lion. . 1
'the only method
We have an im
ents in our fa . vor.
and right'Of eon
of the
,peopled to
from unlawful
1 .11
its and rights of
'n civil easegf-of
pits reserved to
ry—the mariner
t—the prohibi
' been made toithe
ly this manner'.
sere to-night who
.was not legally
manner we ihad
Miens of huinan
oration to edudation, prcipertyni:th. Sc.- It
Jeaves all these as, jhey ,vv.ere bet re.-
-It -,only- - tifilrifis. - prat,*,:iitlier*- things
4ing eqpal;," race,
, color pr p evieus
condition of 'serviltgdo!rslialt n t be a
,eonditiciii: and,'t tat-no
than shall be• proscribed :beetiu e 'ota
slide wholly -and _entirely :bey nd his
control, and for which lie ISIn rio 'wise
responsible.. .•
~ , _ ..
In his; inaugui . al' - address_,Getteral
Grant Said, "Tile rittestiOn of saffrage
isdnewhfch is likely fo*Cngage t io pub
lie.attention so loug as' a Foram .ot the
'citizens of , the nation urn e. eluded
from .its*privilegeS, in: any St to, It
me to e very disable 11 at. this
question. should be allied *i* , and I
entertain the hope and expres the de-,
sire it may be by the satificritio on."
fifteenth article of the Constitn on." .
'ln thiS regard General' -Grant speaks
thd*sini ti omit of the RepUtilfca i party.
lo'hold it not enlY an act O justice
to Sr, 'the negro, but A - measure f Vettee'
and safety, to the Anglo Salton. , liNo re
public is - safe with four milli sof its
citizens disfranchised: . At pres lit they
are controlled by ltAws in the nacting
of which they had no part or I t. "No
taxation with Out representati n," was
the, motto of the fathers of th Repub
lic. It was upon this principle that the
battles of Revolution ,were foug it. •
In a free, representative gov rnment
like ours—where all power co es from
the people e, have fa titled
nobility—where all monarchia 'formi
of government have been- aboli hed, it
is hard fn see why any - man sh uld ob
ject to a proposition which 'ten s only
to elevate a portion of our race.
In the despotic *governmen
old world arguments against th
osition might be expected. Th
many hundred of.years, the pre
Idea has been that setae were be
rufera and lid ruled.
The doctrine that the " King can do
no wrong" prevails In nearly!all of the
continental , and ' oriental.-:countries—
where they accept - as veerty the rind
,Ple that royal blood courses thro gh-the
veins of some,, and that oth rs - are
ushered into the world weitri g .the
badge of inferiority— *here t e first
born takes the wealth of 'the father,
sending the balance of the fa ily out
into the world to • buffet its Wave alone.
'lf this amendinent were *bra tted to•
the consideration of the govern ments
of Austria, France, or England, -hould
expect for it the same opposition. hat it
is receiving front the, gentlemen sn the
other side o: this 4diamber,
It, would. not be ,expected • that .the
Empeior of 4uStria would Nillingly
part with his iniperialpoWers i a d sub
mit fairly the whole
,questiou f gov
ernment to his people. WO" sh uld lit
tiesexPeet that, Louis Napolee would
risk- the .perpetuation of his reg me to a
untrameled vote of Fr nee, or
that the, _British governmen - Would
give 'the elective franchise to h r whole
Yet even in those countries
power growing in favor of
humanity. -For -For years thissame
has been going on—liberty u
one hand and eppresdion groNI
by Centuries or power upon the
It was:the intolerance of hint
er that ti the us Plymouth
gave uf•; the institutions of freed
have-been the boaSt 'of the7p
Anissi . - L4epti, ; 4 - 7 tlzcv
thd world over. •
. What has been true of the 61
of the old world has been and i.
ours. Man here, as there, is tl 1
In our own laud, which in our ,
hymn has been called the "V . 1
free and the land , of the b al
have ever found the same st ut
tween right and wrong—the' at'
of the strong to oppress the N
permanently ereatea eastern° .e 1
more rigid and quite as ,repuy
every principle .of natural ju
those of any of the autocratic ci
of tho bid world.' • . - •
During all the conflicts
which we have passed, we h
found a great party trying to
car of progress 7 -t n prevent; ur
advancement into a higher. at
civilization—to - prevent Our pet
'political stepping from higher
Thus far their efibrts have b(
vailing, and .1 say to .
friends, in Unkindness, that y
prevent the ultimate adoptio
amendmdut You ril4'
may delay, yet the end is cer
well might you, attempt to pits
bark pp the ,toaming eatarap
gaia, as to stem the torrent .
sentiment that,is setting in in
the equal rights of all . men b
For eighteen hundred years
flirtl has been going on. It is,t
old tight. But, as the sunlight
tine civilization causes the dar
the past to disappear, so the 1
this; as well as other counties; t
lug from them the prejudices th
erly cbntrolled them, and . sees
willing to concede to others tiny
and:privileges that they claim f
selves. We all understand the t
of the strong to oppress the we
understand how unwilling tee
ns are to part with class privile
our fathers have enjoyed for et_
Political, as well us every kind
er, is grasping. It is never - wi
concede anything.
The rights orsuffrage In this c I entry,
having been exercised by the white
race ; it having formerly been t e rule
that the negro "had no rights t at the
Anglo Saxon was bound to res, ect; it
having been solemnly adjudics tea by
the highest judicial tribunal in the
laud that he had noright to st e even
where personal liberty was WV (tea.; in
having been the rule in fifteen of . the
States of the public that they NS ere but
personal chattels; that they ceuld be
mortgaged, sold and transferre t or put
upon the public auction blo k, and
knocked down to the highest bidder;
that the holy names of- father, mother,
husband, wife and children were legally
unknown to the toiling milli° s, who
were, in chains, dragging out • life of
unrequited toil ; who were p •evented
by criminal statues from lea ming to
read that book which is the• to indation
of Christian civilization.
I repeat, when we look at the recent
past—when we remember tha., within
the recollection of many gentlemen on
this floor, the first, great anti-slavery
champlon•was mobbed, and amid the
jeers of the howling multitude dragged
through the streets of Boston, it is not
stningc that a proposition of this kin ,
should meet, with opt, isitien.
I so - 7415 J in no letinL.; - s or
kindness upon this qu -Bijou. 1
I have received nothing else
gentleman front whom i ex
umno opposition to this ament.
only regret that they will not
pally piejudiee, and unite wit
proposition that only tends to
lowly, and elevate the whole
hood of man.
We are told In holy writ "ti
leaven leavens the, whole lo
have seen that • the.; "o . ood ne
claimed one thousand' eight
years ago , by the then' despiE,4
rene, has gone oil front age to,
nation to nation, until to-day
ops nine-tenths of the whole
world, ,
And in a profatie Sense the 11
that was created by the ant
fathers foity years ago, thou
smothered by publid opinion
' ...lit
of the
a prop
re, for
:rn for
'•c find a
rty nid
on the
-n- -gray
ly pow
; k—that
l eopio of
true of
o strree.
e of the
;e," • we
• -
We effort
1. ,
tlant .to
I.tieo as
ye ever
top the
ple from
I -
I• of this
filer, you
Mu. Au
h a frail
" of Nia
. f public
,favor Of
fore the
Lo con
ho, same
of Chris
iness of
rrople of
e east
at form-
:e rights
r them
k. We
I, any of
es that
• f POW
ling to
her. than
!rem 016
pect will
merit. !I
I ise nbqve
Ike tm in a
t e
•Cm! We
vs!' pro
ge, from
h It was
No. of Sq'ro. 1 In. rner.t \3 Ate 4 .llrll:lltalx
Eqaaro,'" ' $l,OO $2,00 $Z,150 $5,00 7,00 $12,0Z
213abition 2,00 - 240 0 4,50 COO 2,00 *.as,on‘
11a)f C 01....». • 10,004:15,00 N 7,00 22,00. - 50,84 - 5.5,001
ono col 1;18,001 20,00 40,00 et),001
— "Special Notices 15 edits per line no; Editorial o
Lon!2o cents per' I?ne..• -
''nth© beginning, it Was denounced by
ho,press, and at times from the pulpit—
hough its defenderawere defamed and
heir persons violated and outraged, yet
the fight has gone on. Victory has al
ternated from ono side tO; the other;
yet, as a whole, it bag , been upon the
sidaof liberty and right. '
Sir, I may be wrong,. l yet I believe
that the same old element to day op
poses this amendment, in this and
other States, that once opposed the,
early anti-slavery soCieties—tbat op-,
posed the Wilmot Proviso 'in;lB4B-that
favored the extension ofi slavery into
Texas—that advocated the repeal,of the
Missouri line of 1820—that tried to
make Kansas a slave State—that Op
posed the restriction of slavery in 1856
and in 1560—.'that opposed -the arming
of the colored men in ; 1862, upon the;
ground that "niggers" fightl,
and' that deprecated and denounced the
greatest act of Lincoln's lice, the Emani.,
,eipation Proclamation, as unconstitui. l
tional, revolutionary and void..
I repeat, sir, that the same principles
that prompted all these, and that hay
opposed the thirteenth and fourteent
amendments to the FederallConstitu
tiou, by which that great curse of thi
land, Ameilcan slavery, Was abolished
which to us has been more deadly tha
the hoofs of Atilla's horse, and here to
day opposing the wiping out, by , big
constitutional enactment, the la) ves
tige of that "sum of ail villa pies'T
which, ever since this (republic! was
born, has covered our nominally free
institutions with blight and milde7.
I take it, there is not a member upon
this floor who will not readily:admit
that slavery was, and is, an evil. None
of our Democratic friends •would desire
tO bring it back again., You' will all
admit that you are glad it has been
ground to powder in, the great conflict
through:which we have but recentlY
passed.. You will tell me that you at*
glad 11l the auction blOck has bee
abishCci, that the fetters of four nai -
lion of, men have been broken, an
that, to-day; from ocean to' ocean, fro
the lakes to the gulf—wherever flea
our country's flag—the sun does n t
rise upon a master or set upon a slave.
You .rejoice for all this.. Now, why
will you not unite with us,and consum
mate this great act of simple justice by,
abolishing all caste and making eve? ,
man equal before the law
Why should not all men have equal
legal and political rights? 'Can any of
our Democratic friends t 11 me? Do
you object to the- colored man voting
simply because he is black? Notwith
standing all our inborn prejudices, tie
number of this House will make color
the basis of his objection.), Sir, it can
not be, that all this three oppositio
comes simply . because God has give
him a color. differing from our own?
Could he prevent it? "Can the leopa
change his spots or the Ethiopian h
I skin?" Do you blame - 11r for an act f
"Him who doeth thi gs well?"
The little llack terrier pf our frien ,
the resident Clerk, that'd ily lies upo
yonder desk, is an object of attention f
us all, without regard te• arty-feeling .
My Democratic friends 's eak as kindl
to him as though his wh teness was f
spritless purity! In not ling else do s
this prejudice against col r exist. 0 r
Democratic friends. don heir best suit
of black, rebrush their la is and retou
their boots, when thcyrN ish to make a
favorable impression up n state occ
sions; and my ha.ndso e friend fro '
Cumberland looks none he less beau ;f
-lu! because of his black• ye 4 and bin, 6k
curly hair. n
' And if I mistake not; there-are-mem
bers upon this floor- Who are trying `,43
cheat Father Time of". his legitimate
fruits by vigorous applications of the
all-prevailing Vegetable hair ambrosl4.
Democrats object to his voting becaue
of a certain odor that might be offen-
Sive. •Yet they, Id days of yore, would
have willingly been fanned by t l e
blackest negro, no matter ho'w sultr
and hot the weather. ' ! '
Sir, this objection upon the ground f
color is founded in prejudice. We do
not like the. black man ecause he is of
a race that - fOr eentu les has. been
ground to the earth by. he heel pf op- ; '.
pression and legalized rongi 0' They
been prevented fro 'enterin# any
of the-a - venues' leading d wealth :and,
respectability, brcusto , grown gray'
b Btiine.
ut once let a col red man, by
strength of intellect, force his way up
the ladder, and we are Pot only willing
to tolerate but to seek Is presence.
A few months since friend of mine
was traveling upon Ith Erie railway,
and entering 'ono oft i palatial cars
'band . one end empty tuna the other
thicklytcrowded. lip ent to the v 4-,
cant end, and found - a solitary negro
enjoying half a ear to hi self, in who*
he immediately recogniz d the features
of Frederick Douglas. e shook his
hand warmly, and toolsa seat by his
side. An animated conysatlon - sprang
up - in relation to the cone of President
Johnson and the recons ruction acts of
Congress. Mr. Douglas grew eloquent
as he Spoke of the aposta y of the " sec
ond Moses," and in less than five min- -
utes the crowded end
-of the car was
empty and every seat near Mr. Douglas
rapidly filled. This' neldent shows the :
controlling force of prejudice, and how
easily, at times, it may be dispelled.
This was called to mind by -the elo
quent and learned speech of the gentle
man from Montgomery [Mr.WMiller.]-
It always gives me great pleasure to
'listen to his remarks. He has seen the
"handwriting on the walk" He has
no doubt of the ultimate adoption of
this amendment; and being a shrewd
politician, is already trimming his sails
to weather his craft though storms
which he sees impending! .
And, sir, as I looked adross the hall,
by gas light, I fancied that I could see
the silent tear glisten in his eye; his
breast heave with deep feeling, and his
lips quiver with emotion, as he turned
his longing and earnest gaze. into.the
lobby while he E.. 0: eloquently and tear
fully pleaded for the Votes and kind re
membrance of his ',' dear colored breth
ren'? there .assembled. I thought the
Millennium was at hand. Momentart!
ly I expected. to see the lion and the
lambs lie - thel'nd embrace to-
gether. But the little la
pear "to come to time."'
- - Our Democratic friens say the ne
gro shall not have the ballot because
they'd° not want to be ruled by black
mon. I have no guar el with them
there.., I say to my file id' from Cum
berland [Mr,;C mat ,], that I, am,
.1 1:1
against 'our being ruled by black men,
because it is a Democratic doctrine that
the majority should rule, and as there
are four - millions of black people and
thirty-sib millions of ivhites, It-would
not be fair for the colored to, rule the
others. , . • -
This Is a ; white. man's .government,
cries out the gen tlehnui. from Lehigh
[Mr. emits]. in despair.. That is my
doctrine. Igo in for that: No black
man shall rule me if I can help it, or
have anything . to do, hy my'consent,
with controlling,the clestinies of this
great republic. • We only differ in this.
The gentleman f r ant I Lehigh [Mr.
- Creitz] would look .at the face of the
WWI to look at his heart. -
. And I hero and now' atfrin. that I
would "rather bo ruled by the blackest
face and curliest hair that e'er made its
appearance . upon 'Carth;:than by: the
fairest haired, whitest fade rebel With a
blank heart.' '
Ls did not ap-