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JANOS ALLISON, PAdfifiercrite7
VT171111171113H, FEBRIIILRY 28, 1860.
VISEM111• 0 .• SUN, ailvaaset sir Ask Denbo
41.1181 Oro delivered at residences or itsbasrie
bore, Where See rrespoetaolut Iftard kage.
311 11 AIN AL II should be prompt; a little
whit. before the year arylreso that we mar
itplake arraagessaats far a steady intyyly.
MIX ROAD ItliArrAlt liadleatee that we
*Mire a reaurwah however, la the haste
la 1111,1119 sbeeld be emitted, we
**pa our friends will still bet fantail as.
itiistirimiera.-44use payment by safe
ilistaile, whoa eentesisal. Or, Ewa bY
obeisant; with era:liar" same, sad trirabliag
Mobility with a knowledge of what post are
Asia& Per a large amesseskt, Mud a Draft, or
&rya notes, /.ro.le•rtW. prgersessail Geld
WO lIKALKII GRAM M. Sand portage otorar4
Or %Misr mitlll l ..*d for moor* pap iliall oaf en
or illovontraozolboreg 0111 for griolroutliros
DIISMICIP all Lotter' mind Cosommoiloationx
.to DAVID Nolflolllllalr CO.. EVlttiburgii,
THE. BAPTIST CHRONICLE, published in
Philadelphia, has changed editors. Mr.
Jacobs retiree, and Mr. Dickerson, late As
iodate editor of the Examiner, New York,
takes the 'vacated seat.
DIATIEL OP Da. PROUDFIT —The Rev.
Robert Prondfit, D.D., Emeritus Professor
of Greek and;Latin at Union. College, Sche
nectady, New York, and for many years an
honored member of the Faculty of that
institution, died on Saturday, the 11th meet.
TEM NORTH CHURCH, CHIOAGO.—The
.00ngregation of the North Presbyterian
chum& (Dr Rise's) of Chioago, have resolved
,to build, with the opening of Spring, a new
,ohnroh edifice on the corner of Illinois and
Dearborn Streets, at a cost of $30,000, the
most of which, it is Said, is already sub
TEN STILL HOUR; OR, COMMUNION
:WITH GOD —This is the title of a little
•book consisting of one hundred and thirty
six pages, published a few weeks ago by
„Messrs. Gould & Lincoln, and of which we
have already given notice in another place.
But so well does it treat of the difficulties
and encouragements in prayer, so excellent
is the style, and so devout is the spirit, and
so happy would be the effect of its perusal
on. every Christian heart, that we feel con
-strained to call 'attention to it now. The
price is only thirty-seven and a half cents,
and may be had at Davison's, No. 93 Wood
ittreet. Get it for yourself, for your family,
and for your friends.
BIACKNOODTOWN, N. .T.--The Presby
terian informs na of, a revival in this place.
Forty eight persons had united with the
church, and others were inquiring.
Mum, PA.—See a communication on
our first pig..
STILLWATER, N. Y.—A revival com
menced at this place, in connexion with the
week of prayer. Twenty four persona had
expressed a hope in Christ Jesus.
Lmtasunau, VA.—The last number of
the Greenbrier ; independent informs us that,
the series of meetings in the Presbyterian
church, which had been kept up some four
weeks, closed on Sunday night last. Twen
ty five persona connected themselves with
the church, and others, the fruit of the
revival, are, we believe, yet expected to
join. Twenty one of the above number
were taken in on examination—the remain
der on certificate. Twenty two were whites,
and three were colored persons.—Centrad
Changes, Past and in Prospect.
The Central Presbyterian has on its
table, a oopy of the New York Journal and
Patriotic Register, of November 23d, 1796,
a sheet eighteen inches by twelve inches.
After noting several things, the Central
But the most striking of the advertise
mints is one offering a reward of twenty dol
lan for the apprehension of Simon,a run
away negro, belonging to Mr. Van llen, of
-Xinclerhook. After describing Simon's ap
pearance, &c., it is added, that "he speaks
good Dutch as well as English," and had
with him when he ran away "a large
cocked beaver hat, a light-colored oassimere
coat, lapelled, a pair of white plush
breeches, and a pair of booth bound with
There is another advertisement for two
runaways from New Jersey, offering forty
dollars reward to any one who would secure
them in any jail—viz : Cuff, "a good law
maker, plays well on the violin; bad on
when be went away a light pea green vest,
blue troweere tied at the ankles, white
stockings, good shoes and large buckles"—
and Jack, "who took with him three coats,
and a red waistcoat bound with blue velvet,
and a felt hat with an oil cloth cover."
Times have changed ; New York and
New Jersey have changed with them; and
Mr. Pennington is Speaker.
True, times have changed; and there are
to be changes yet. This is a changing world.
- Such advertisements as those alluded to,
were once common in the North, but they
are there no more. Less than the half of
sixty four years served to effect the change.
Andlhe double of that period may effect
similar improvements in the South. Chris.
Cants know that the Bible will eradicate
slavery; and our Northern brethren, hay.
tug <menhir demonstration of its power, in
this way,' among themselves, may well Wipe
for its spreading influence. Let it be pro•
claimed. Let its spirit be cherished.
What it has done for us, it will do for
A NeF Collection of Hymns.
ilia Rev. Dr. %adman has been for two
or three years engaged in preparing a collo°.
ilea of Hymns, to meet a want itthis own
congregation, that will be certain y sought
for in many Omen. In the progress of this
work, thousands of hymns, both enoient and
modern, have been patiently examined, and
the ehoioent, both se to sentiment and
adaptation to awed music, have been as
The Doctor has bad large experience as a
pastor, Is pommeled of excellent taste, and
sound judgment, and has given much atten
tion to the whole subject of Hymnology.
Therefore a book of unusual excellence may
be expected. The number of Hymns in
thiicolleetion will be about four hundred,
and, judging from the specimens we have
seen we can promise that many ofrthene will
be of unsurpassed merit. The book is nearly
ready for the press; but the' Doctor would
be pleased to receive suggestions' as to
deader hymns, Am, from any competent
slavery is the subject, now; , in the politi
eatworld, and it is likewise varf-intich'eo
in the moral and Christian world, so far as
the States' are'''tietteernett -- - Utter- -
silence, then, on the part of journalists,
wou l d seem to be indifference, or a &Hee
tion of duty ; while Speaking amid so much
excitement. mutit, almost necessarily, subject
to misrepresentation and enmity. We have
not been silent. We have spoken, not
nearly as much as we thought and felt, but
enough to, bring upon us Many „remodel. .
And we mean still to continue to speak;
but always the words of truth and soberness,
and always for edification. We have no
idea of leaving a'subject so vastly import
ant, entirely in the hands of infidels and
fanatics as to , religion,. and. of extremists and
the lovers of gain, in political and social
life. The , question is not directly a practi
cal one with us, as slavery does not exist
where we live and have our principal cirtn
.lation ; but, indirectly, we are deeply eon.
cerned in it. We have Church fellowship,
in communion, in the promulgation of doe-
trine, in the inculcating of duty, and in the
exercise of discipline, with those who are
masters and those who are servants; and
we have State interests, many and great, in
ands. under a popular government, which
recognizes and' controls the institution.
While, then, we admit that it „would
wrong for us to speak on Slavery as those
who dwell in its midst may do, and should
do, it is still unreasonable to attempt to im
pose upon us an entire silence. But in our
treatment of the Subject, we feel on this, as
on some other =ttters, that it is not our FI
duty so much to think for our readers, as to h
give 'them materials for thought. They
wish,the means of forming their own opin- 1
ions, and of bein prepared for righteous ;
lotion, as Chrisans and as - citizens, in
Church and in State.
We have, several times, published the
directions of the Apostles, relative to Shivery.
We have, twice or oftener, published the ;
principal Acts of our General Assembly on
the subject. We have also given come
statements from leading journals and lead
ing men. We now propose a quotation
from one whose name has been much asso
ciated with the subject, and whose position
gives him great influence.
Dr. Rice, of Chicago, has lately published
three" Lectures lion Slavery. He has First,
the question, Is Slaveholding a Sin ? Bee
end, The Duty of 'Southern .Churches;
Third, The True mode of Dealing with ~
Slavery. These are all ably treated with
directness, calmness, perspicacity, and much
Scriptural wisdom. The Lectures may be
read throughout, with interest, and to edifi• '
cation, even by those whose sentiments_ differ
from what is expressed by the author.
Under the first head, Dr. Rice says :
" Slavery is a human, not a Divine institu- .
tion ; controlled by human law, yet recog
nized, though not sanctioned by the Scrip
tures.; and regulated also by Divine law."
He then gives his sentiments in the fol.
I. I hold to the unity of the human race
—that God hath made of one blood all
nations of men for to dwell on all the face
of the 'earth." '
2. Consequently I hold; that the corn.
mand—" Thou shalt love tby neighbor as
thyself "—applies, in its full force, to every
human being. The golden. rule—" What.
never ye would that men Should do to you,
do ye even the same Unto them "—applies
as fully to the Africans as to any other
people. The curse pronounced upon Ham
does not justify us in enslaving his descend
ants. I would not buy or hold a man as a
slave, unless the circumstances were such,
that I would justify him in buying and
holding me, if our relative positions were
changed. I would no sooner maltreat a
slave or wound his feelings, than I would
do the same thing to his master.
3. I do not hold, therefore, that slavery
is a Divine institution, as is marriage, or
the parental relation, or as is civil govern . -
meat ; nor do'l hold that the Bible sanctions
slavery. To make the broad statement—
that it sanctions slavery—would be to say,
that it authorizes the strong to enslave the
weak, whenever they are so disposed; and
it might be construed to justify the abomi.
nable slave trade.
4. I distinctly deny the right of any man
to traffic in human beings for gain, whether
that traffie be the foreign or domestic , slave
trade. Men who engage in this inhuman
business, are monsters.
5. I deny the right of any man to Sep.
arate husbanda and wives, parents and chit.
dren, for his convenience, or for gain. The
marriage of slaves, whether recognized by
the civil law or not, is as valid in nod's
law, as that of their :masters; and what
"God has joined together, let not man put
6. I deny the right of any Man to with
hold from his slaves a fair compensation for
their labor. Every master, remembering
that his Mister is in 'Heaven, with whom
there is no " respect of persons," is bound
to give them that which is " just and equal,"
taking into account, of course, his obliga
tion to provide for them, for life. What the
services of any slave are worth, depends, as
in the case of other- men, on circumstances.
7. I hold it to be the duty of masters'
not only to give their slaves all needed fad,
clothing, and shelter, and to ~treat them
kindly, but to afford them > the oportunity
to receive religious instruction, and to reed
the Word of God. Christ said Search
the Seriptures and no Legislature 'hoe the
right to forbid any man to do it.
8 I hold it to be• the duty of those con
cerned with slavery, to elevate their slaves
and prepare them for freedom, whenever
Divine Providence shall open the way for
them to enjoy it —Pp. 12, 18.
Dr. Rice then quotes with sitprobation,
the comment of Dr. Hodge, on Col. iv : 1;
and Hph. vi : 9
i 4 Paul requires for slaves not only what
is strictly just, but equality. This is not
only its signification, but its meaning.
Slaves are to be treated by, their masters on :
the principles of equality. 'Not that they
are to be equal with . their masters in au-
thority, or station, or eiretumstanees; but ,
they are to b e treated as having, as men, as
husbands; and as parents, equal rights witik
their masters. It is just as. great a sin` o
deprive a slave of the just recompense for
his labor, or to keep him in ignorance, ir to
take from him his wife or child, as• it is to
act thus toward a free man.. This is =the
equality which the law of God demands,
and on this principle ,the final judgment is
-to be administered. Christ will punish. the
master for defrauding the slave, as severely
as he will punish the slave for robbing his
muter. T.he same penalty will be inflicted
for the violation of the conjugal or parental
rights of the one as of the other.' For, the
Apostle adds,, there is no reaped. of,-persona
with him. * * Paul carries this so far
as to apply, the principle not only to the
acts, but to the' temper of masters. They
are not only to sot toward their slaves on
the principles of justice and, equality, but
are to avoid Ih;eatening. This inoludhs all
klmoroxelMelLsviev. Delivered h) the North
Preebytiriall Church, Ohkilo. DPW. L.' Rim;
I).D. pp. 82, 12mo.
II II 111' 10 k • I t
skl k • II
manifestations of contempt and ill-temper,
or undue severity. * * * It is thus
that the Holy • Spirit deals with-.'slaver"
Dr. Hodge well remarks:---that the result of
compliance with the Divine precepts, 44 if it
Mild'tOorre gentiralrviifurd Ift o ,llfit Titer
the evils of slavery, and,then slavery itself,
would pass away as naturally and 'as peace
fully as children cease to be minors."--p.
Dr. Rice afterwards adds :
Holding these views, I also hold—that
slavery, as it exists in our country, originated
in ;violerfire and wickednees. I 'regard it
ee always an evil to both parties ; and I do
firmly believe, that the effects of the preva
lence of the Gospel will be gradually 'to
abate its evils, and ultimately to remove it
from the country. I need scarcely say, that
I cannot defend or justify much of the leg.
Wagon of the slaveholding States on this
subject; and that I would bold no Chris
tian fellowship with any m an or Church,
who would refuse to be governed in the
`reatment of their slaves by the law of God,
instead ot the existing civil code.—pp. 13,
Sentiments thus expressed, niust com
mand respect. They are, we think, sub
stantially the prevalent opinions of the Pres
byterian Church, on the subject of Slavery.
Southern Christians did bold them, very ex
tensively. Northern Christians do hold them
almost without dissent, so far as our knowl,
edge extends. Let readers compare them
with the teachings of the Holy Spirit.
Father Chiniquy and , his ColoaY•
The union of this convert from Roman.
ism, and the people of his charge, with the
Old School PresbYterians, will not, we trust,
cause a tack of interest in his and their wel
fare. The fact that pressing wants have
been supplied, and the people put in a posi
tion to provide better for themselves, cannot
but cause a cessation of the flow of Christian
liberality., Their uniting with Presbyteri
ans must also diminish the interest in them
on the part of other denominations. Bat
their tender of themselves to us, and our
reception of them, gives them a Claim to
deeper sympathy from us, and lays us under
new obligations to them. It is our duty
now, under the bonds of acknowledged
brotherhood, to look after their welfare.
The $25,000, in money and clothing, con
tributed to the colony, has been distributed
among over four thousand people. This can
be but a temporary relief.
The converts are embraced in one hundred
and fifty families, numbering about six hun
Mr. Chiniquy, writing to the Presbyterian
says, relative to the Church connexion
" God knows that we have taken this
step without any sectarian views, and that
we have lost nothing of the admiration we
have always entertained, since , our dear Sa•
viour has revealed himself to us, for the truly
Christian virtues whioh are so shining in all
the other branohis of , the great Christian
family. We hope that our connexion with
the Presbyterian Church, far from enfeebling
the ties of Christian charity which united so
many hearts to us among all the , various
families of the children of the Gospel, will
strengthen them, and make them only more
durable. Alt! what a triumph for the
Church of Rome it 'our connexion with the
Presbyterians would be the cause of some
unchristian remarks or , feelings from some
of those who call themselves, and whom we
believe sincerely to be, the true disciples of
the Gospel. , One of the most universal and
dangerous illusions by which the Church of
Rome keeps her poor, blind slaves in her
chains, is to make them believ.e that the .
Episcopalians, the Baptists, the Methodists,
the Congregationalists and Presbyterians, are
all forming different religions, hating and
anathematizing each other—that there are
no ties of unity, no bonds of charity between
" That fatal error, which the Church of
Rome entertains by every means, does more
than any thing else to keep her millions of
slaves in their awful euperstitions."
True Christians, of every name, will re
joice in the conversion; but these convene
having now attached themselves to a specific
branch of the Christian family, other branches
of that family will feel themselves atliberty
to look more in other directions, for objects
of active benevolence; leaving to Presbyte
rians the more particular care of those who
are now part of themselves..
The Presbyterians , of Chicago will,
doubtless, see to the due supply of all wants;
calling in such help a may be needful, and
giving such counsel, and such facilities for
self sustenance, as may be speedily effective.
to the prodiction of an independent supply.
Western Theological Seminary.
The .Triennial Catalogue of this Institu
ion is just issued. We call attention to a
ew of the facts stated.
The Seminary was founded in 1825.
The Professors have been Revs. Jacob J.
Janeway, P.D., Luther Halsey, D.D, Ezra
s'iek, D.D John W. Nevin, D D., David
Elliott, D.D , Lewis W. Green, 'D.D., Alex.
T. M'Gill. D , Melanctiron W. Jacobus,
RD., William S. Plumer, D D., and Samuel
J. Wilson, A. M. Of these,•Dre. Janeway
and. Fisk, are dead; Drs. Elliott, Jacobus,
and Plumer, and Mr. Wilson, are the pres
ent occupants of the Profestrial Chairs..
The whole number of Alumni is five htm
,dred and thirty-seven, of whom four hundred
and fifty-four are still living.
The number of students, at present con
-awed ' with the Seminary is—Resident
Graduates, two; Resident Licentiates, two;
Senior Class, thirty seven ; Middle Um,
fifty.five; Junior Class, foity.fonr ; Total,
one hundred and forty. The places of Pre•'
watery education were—jeffereon College,
sixty three ; Washington College, twenty
four; Miami. University, eleven. The re
mainder are from twenty two other literary
institutions, in nine * different States, and in
four countries of Europe. The residences
of the students are—Pennsylvania, seventy
six ; Ohio, thirty•two ; other Northern
States, seventeen; Southern States, four
teen ; France, one.
Western Pennsylvania, Eastern Ohio, apa
North-Western Virginia, are, as , they ought
to be, the main sources of the supply of
students,,but the,Catalogue shows that pot.
tions of them come frOm great distinees and
The churches may well rejoice in the
Seminary, while they make it the subject of
earnest and unremitting prayer, and the•
object of oft•recurring and cheerful' liberal
Taw North Carolina Pkeskytersan says it
has eight hundred Macs, on its list. That
is a pretty good showing of the Scotch ele
meot. The Telescope has a fair sprinkling
of the same. It can boast over twenty Macs
none congregation, and with two or Mil*
exceptions they are all marked paid for
1860.—Due West Telescope.
A Southern Opinion..,
The True Witness, publiebed at New Cre
cane, nye :
Our press, North and South, is anti
fanntio and — truly' Asonservative. It is. the
great balance wheel in..tbis country, and is
doing more to perpetuate our institutions
than all tbe politicians in our land. The
intelligences, doctrines , , principles , and con
servative spirit of our Church have a most
powerful influence for good. It is now a
settled fact, admitted by every intelligent
mind; that all, true Presbyterians are en
larged in their views, firm in their princi
ples, moderate, conscientious,- and conserva
tive in their spirit and action. The history
of our Church, and especially for the last
twenty years. proves this. While others
have become sectionalized, fanatical, 'and
heretical, the Old School Presbyterian
Church has moved on, preaching the Gos
pel, through her press and from her pulpits,
to a world of dying sinners, throwing the
weight of her influence against error, fans•
and disunion. With the world as
ber field, she has labored, only, to preach
the Gospel to every creature, and God has
owned' and blessed her efforts at home and
Boston and New England.
There is . still considerable anxiety in many
minds concerning the Recent Changes at Harvard.
Great numbers are exceedingly desirous to have
Prof. Huntingdon remain, and not a few are by
'no means slow , to exprese the opinion that Prof.
O. C. Felton should not, on any account; accept
the Presidency, even if the appointment should be
confirmed by, the Hoard, before which it is yet
to come.. The Consfregationaliet, while expressing
much admiration for the"talents and attainments
of the Professor, declaresits belief that the place
should be filled by one accustomed to the severer
virtues of life, and not addicted to practices that
are not allowable in undergraduates. We do not
infer from this that any charge of what the
world terms immorality, is made, but simply that
he is rather a free Hier:
The old and well established firm of Crosby,
Nichols Co., so Ring engaged in the publishing
business, has been dissolved, and a new °next
nership formed, under the style of Crosby,
Nichols, Lee & Co. Mr. Lee, the new partner,
was one of the active and efficient members of
the firm , of Phillips,, Sampson & Co., in the time
of its greatest prosperity. But he had retired
from tipsiness, and was in garope when thestorm
came down upon his former partners and swept
away their house.
Messrs. Gould f t. Lincoln have just made another
addition to their 'valuable catalogue of publics.
Lions, that is most timely, and will be in great
demand by ministere, students of the Bible, and
intelligent and reading people in general. It is
entitled ‘ , •The Historical Evidences of the Truth
of the Scripture Records Stated Anew, 'With
Special Reference to the Doubts and Discoveries
of Modern Times." This is the series of Barap,
ton - Lectures, delivered in the Oxford University
PUlpit, in the year 1869, by George Rawlinson,
M.A. The notes have been carefully translated
by the Rev. A. N. Arnold, of Brown University.
The author is already extensively known as the
learned and able translator and annotator of
Herodotes, lately re-published in this country by
In the work now before us, Mr. Rawlinson has
applied the results bf his varied and. ample
historical reading and of the researches of his
brother, Sir IL Rawlinson, and others, in Assyria
and Babylon, together 'with the latest results of
Egyptology, to Illustrate and confirm the sacred
history. These , arguments and "Evidences"
tell, with overlap:big force, 'against that en
tire class of skeptics
,so numerous in France and
Germany, and 111 , 14 many followers both in
England and the. United States, who deny the
truth of the historical character of the Scrip
tures. Toward the elucidation of ancient history,
this book is of great Value ; but in its 'admirable
application - of seculai history to the illustration.
and confirmation of the inspired record, it pos
sesses an., absorbing interest and a real merit
that words can hardly express. Ministers and
Biblical students vvonld do wall to make this the
very next addition to their libraries. It is for
sale in New Yolk by Sheldon & Co., and in Pitts
burgh by John S. Davison.
The Barque .4 AS'inyrnote," which sailed from Bos
ton on the 13th inst., took oitt to Smyrna, under the
auspices of the American Board of Missions, the
following missionaries, viz.: Rev. A. L. Thompson
and wife, Rev. Zenas Goes, Rey. W. F. Arms
and wife, A. B. Goodale, M. D. and wife, and Miss
Beach, Miss Mason, and Miss Crawford. Before
sailing, interesting religious services were held on
board, at which a large number of persons were
present. Among the prayers offered, was one by
the Rev. Mr. Arms, of Norwich, Connecticut,
father of one of the missionaries. The Rev.
Messrs. Goss, Arias, and Thompson, gradu
ated at Andover, in, the last class. Miss Crawford
was educated at Oxford, Ohio ; Miss Beach, Mrs.
Goodale, formerly Miss Lindsey, and Mrs.
Thompson, formerly Mies Munoil, were educated
at' Holyoke, tbst noble institution, from which so
many devoted missionary women have gone forth.
The spirit of Miss Lyon still lives in her /meow:-
sore ; faithfully are thOy discharging the duties of
the high trust she confided to them.
Mr John B. Todd, con of the well known and
highly popular writer, the Rev. John Todd, D.D.,
has been ordained and installed pastor of the
Winter Street church,. Boston. The ordination
sermon was preached by his, father; and the
ordination prayer wee offered by the Rev. E. N.
Kirk, -D.D. 'The assemblage of people on the
occasion was vast.
The Ariculturdl Course of Lectures, at Yale
College, has been a complete success. The
attendance has been most encouraging, and a
deep interest in all that concerns an improved
state of agriculture, has been manifested. It is
high time for the cultivators of the soil tbrorigh
otit the country to be awaked to their true inter
eats, that their labors may be more productive,
and their calling assume its proper and high
position in the estimation' of Men.
The conduct of James P. Hambleton, editor of
the Southern Confederacy, published at Atlanta,'
Georgia, is the' subject . of , much comment and
severe animadversion in all circles. This is the
man who has been the principal actor in the sys
tem of espionage instituted with respect to the
political compleaien of the leading merchants in
this city and Philadelphia. Some time ago. he
was here on this errand, and received, it is
said, some $9,000 for advertising different houses
as friendly to the interests of the South. Aocor. ,
dingly he has published a " black " and " white"
list, the former comprising those Mr. Hatableton
represents to be hostile to the South, and the
latter those he considers faithful to Southern
interests. The former includes almost every
large house of note in the city, while the latter is
composed, for the most part, of firms scarcely
known to the commercial world. The discovery
of the real character of the objects of this man,
arouses the contempt and scorn of all right
thinking men of all sections, and all parties.
And these who heitel allowed themselves to be
" black mailed" by luck an individual, will not
find,themselves gainers in the end.
The Towns/ of Centraeree calls attention to the
matter of the Slave trade, and says that parties
in this city are actively engaged in this nefarious
business, so entirely condemned by the law of
God and, the law of the land. This paper is
not generally considered too sensitive with regard
to ilayery, so that its utterance now is not likely
to have been made without most abundant evi-
ahe Gift Book /la are beginning to be looked
upon in their true character. This city has been
infested with them, and by means of the Pest
mace they have extended their operations into all
Tarts of the land.. The doings of some of them
have been lately brought to light, and afford suf.
ficien Proof thst this entire system ie hinds
mentally and perniciously wrong. Avoid the
Gift Enterprises wherever found, if you would
save your money end also your reputation for
good,common Bonne, to say 'nothing of any, higher
Cassius It Cloy was here, last week, address
lug immense audiences on the different prominent
political topics now before the people.
ifr. Stephen 'Whitney, one of the wealthiest men
in the city, died last week, at an advanced age.
Some have supposed him to be the wealthiest
man in New York after W. B. Astor, Esq., and
have estimated his fortune at from $6,000,000 to
$8,000,000, but this is probably an exaggeration.
The Evening Post, usually very reliable authority,
puts his wealth at over $2,000,000. The form.
dation for this was laid by purchasing cotton at
low, rates during the war of 1812, and selling at
a great advance at the close of the war. There
was also a large accumulation by the purchase
of paper and real estate, during the monetary
crisis in 1837.
' The Trustees of Columbia College are consider.
ing,the propriety of throwing the doors of the
institution open to all applicants from all quar
ters, free of charge. The institution is under
Episcopal influence, and largely endowed.
An ofßoe for the New Daily hes been taken in
the " Times' Buildings ;" and the paper will soon
make its appearance. A daily paper conducted
on strictly religious principles, and viewing
things from a religious standpoint, if conducted
with suitable energy and ability, will ocetipy
position of greet influence for good.
Kr. Beecher, of the Plymouth church, last
week delivered a lecture at the Cooper Institute,
in which he took strong grounds in favor of
granting women the right of suffrage. The lec
ture is published in the last number of the Inde
pendent. At the same time the editors of that
paper express entire dissent from the views of
Mr. Beecher on this subject.
The Observer, and Evangelist have been trentil
hating the opinions and course of one another
with considerable spirit for a few weeks. The
Observer rather caught up the Evangelist in the
high commendation given by the latter of the
,6 Minister's Wooing." But the Evangelist, on
the other hand, has been pressing the Observer
very closely with regard to the views entertained
by it (the Observer,) on the subject of slavery.
The Evangelist has manifested great anxiety to
learn the exact view taken by the Observer, of
this important question. And so much interest
has been taken in the inquiry set on foot by the
Evangelist, that ivgentlernan has offered to pay $25
into the treasury of the American Board of Foreign
Missions, for . each direct answer to each of the
eight following interrogatories. The reply de
manded is a simple Yes or No.
1. Is it wrong to sell human beings, guiltless
2. Is it wrong to hold human beings as prop•
erty, subject to be bought and sold 7
3. Is it wrong to separate by force!'of law, hus
bands and wives, parents and children, when
neither crime, nor vice, nor insanity in either of
the parents calls for ench separation ?
4 save slaves an equal right with other per
sons to marry according to their own choice, and
should such marriage, when contracted, be held
sacred and inviolable 7
6. Has a slave woman an absolute right to ber
oh astity, and is themaster who violates that chas
tity guilty of a crime ?
6. Rave slaves a right , to read the Bible, and
is:it a ()rime to forbid them to be taught to read ?
7. Is the system of slavery as it exists in the
Southern States, a blessing to the country, which
should be cherished l tind perpetuated , by , national
8. Is the Fyetem of slavery as by law estab•
lished in the Southern States, morally right?
The answers of the Observer have not yet ap
peared in that journal.
The Funeral of Rev. Dr. Brownies, whose death
was announced in our last number, was very
largely attended. Solemn and 'dining addresses
were made by the Rev. Dr. M'Cartee, of the Pres
byterian Church, and the Rev. Dr. Kutton of the
Reformed Dutch Church. The pall was borne by
the following clergyman, most of them far ad
vanced in life. Rev. Drs. Spring, Ferris, Mat
thews, Rardenburgb, Bangs, Rogers, Somers,
and Krebs. The church was draped in black,
and 'such an assemblage of venerable men, and
women, and of men distinguished in professional
life, and of Christians active in every walk of
usefulness, is rarely seen.
The Business Season is somewhat later begin.
ping in this city than its neighbor, New York.
Just now the rush has begun, and a large busi
ness is anticipated ; although the same gentle
man that published the " black " and " white "
lists of New York merchants, has been trying his
band here on a large scale. Every merchant ad
vertising in the Press, Forney's paper, has been
published in this same precious Southern
Confederacy, bailing from Atlanta, Georgia,
as the enemy of the South, and unworthy the
patronage of Southern men. We do .not won
der that the Pennsylvanian, the administration
organ of Pennsylvania, brands such conduct
as contemptible, and denounces its author in most
unmeasured terms. Southern men will buy
where they can prooure the best edibles on the
best terms, as other men do, without respect to
the politics of the houses with which they deal.
Mr. Hambleton's operations did not originate from
love to the South, but from the selfish motive of
procuring means, in this way, to advance his own
The Semi-Annual Commencement of the High
School was held on Friday, of last week, in the
Academy of Music, and was largely attended.
At least three thousand persous were present
Efforts are being made, in some quarters, for
the removal of the "State Capitol" to this city, and
a bill to this effect has been introduced into the
State Senate. But we doubt very much whether
the citizens generally take much interest in the
matter, or constder that this would be any great
acquisition, although Philadelphia and its con
cerns occupy much of the attention of the Legis
The far-famed " Conffnenta/," at the corner of
Chestant and Ninth Streets, has been, opened for
.the reception of• guests. The building with the
grounds, cost $800,000; and . the furnishing cost
$200,000 more. It will accommodate with All
ease, one thousand guests at one time, and will
require no lees than two hundred and fifty em
ployees, when in full operation. The proprietor,
Mr. Stevens, a nephew of Paran Stevens, of the
Revere and Tremont Houses, Boston, the Fifth
Avenue Hotel, New York, and.two hotels in Mo
bile, is said to be admirably qualified for his
The Rev. George Chandler, pastor of the First
Presbyterian church, (Noir School) of Kensing
ton, died on Wednesday morning of last week, at
the age of seventy one. For nearly half a cen
tury this devoted servant of God labored 'faith
fully, tenderly. and with self-denying activity in
his great Master's cause. He was a native of
Connecticut; began to preach in. Kensington in
1814, and beeame'pastor in 1816. During his long
ministry, over thirteen hundred members were
added to his church; he baptized thousands of
children ; married thirty-one hundred and sixty
six couples, and since 1820, attended five thous%
and funerals. He was much beloved, and his
death will be greatly mourned.
The National Convention of the friends of. Daily
Union Prayer Meetings, will be held in this eity
'on the• Sixth of March, ensuing.
Por the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
The Board of Publication.
The recent discussion in the Banner and
Advocate, arising out of a verbal error in
an edition of our Shorter Cateehism has
been attended with , ono gratifying result.
It has drain horn a ream berofit he Board of
Publication, an expression of cordial'arilling
fleas on the part of its officers, to furnish to all
who apply to them, full explanations of their
doings. We rejoice to hear this, announce
ment, because we love the Board, and wish
to have it in our power to refute the charge
sometimes heard against it,,of a disposition
to conceal from the Church the details of
its expenditures!: It cannot be denied
that there are thousands of warm friends of
the Board who desire much more specific
information respecting its operations than
can possibly be obtained, from its Annual
Reports. Now, if each of them should
separately apply to the officers, it would re
quire a vast amount of time and labor to
furnish appropriate answers to all. As , a
matter of economy I propose that the Board
be respectfully invited to furnish the de
sired information through the public press,
so that it may be accessible to all. With
this view I take the liberty of presenting a
series of questions copied from an .editorial
in the Banner and Advocate of the 16th of
July last. They embrace all the matters in
regard to which the Board has been blamed
for a want of explicitness. A candid reply
to them would, I have no doubt, be gratify.
ing to thousands.
1. Why should the Secretary of this Board re
ceives $2,500 and expenses, when the Secretaries
of the other Boards "receive but $l,BOO to
2. Why is $1,500 of the Secretary's salary
taken from the contributions of the churches for
8. Why might not some $6,000 to $B,OOO of
the salaries and the office expenses be saved, and
appropriated to colportage, or donations ?
4. Why might not the $1,162.50 received for
rent, be appropriated to coiportage, or dona
5. Why might not one half, or more, of the net
profits of each year, say $5,000 or $6,000, be
expended in eolportage or donations?
6. Was not the money donated to build the
house, given on the pledge or under the itnpres.
aim that rooms would be furnished in it for all
the Boards ? Why, then, are the other Boards
7. Do all the compensated officers of the Board
employ their whole time in the Board's service,
or do some of them take a portion of their time
to other business ?
8. We have, in the charges in the office, two
des.," one " Sundries," and °Re " Contingent
Expenses," connected witji sums amounting to
$1,940.48. What is covered by these indefinite
We might also inquire as to the manner of pur
chasing paper, the commissions paid; also, as to
the prices paid for composition, press work, bind
ing, and many otherthings. But we forbear.
Let it be here noted that we ask for informa
tion. We love the Board. We helped to inau
gurate and endow it. But we are not quite
satisfied with the results. We do not know why
the expenses should be so great; and especially
we cannot understand why such a meagre busi
ness is done. Many ministers and members of
the churches are not satisfied. Light is wanted.
Can it be had ? We cheerfully tender our col
umns to a reasonable extent, for this purpose.
A FRIEND OF THE BOARD.
Nor the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
Another Surprise Party.
MSIVRS. EDITORS :—Shakespeare, who seems
to have known something about everything, says
of somebody in his " Antony and Cleopatra ;"
" For his bounty,
There was no Winter in it; an Autumn 't was
That grew the more by reaping"
The pastor of Union congregation, (Allegheny
Presbytery,) has found this literally true of the
" bounty " of his people. It , has "no Winter
in it." It is an Autumn " that grows the more
by reaping." Three years ago, when he "went
to housekeeping," it was only to find kitchen
stocked, pantry filled, granaries groaning, and
his horse clothed, with these bounties of the
people. .Ever since that; they have been coming
in separate gifts—this, that, everything—like big
drops precursors of a shower;'and yesterday the
shower oame. First, there was a shower of buggies,
lben there was a shower of people, then a shower
of baskets, then a shower of kind salutations, then
(after dinner) a shower of yellow (what do you
think 2) from a well Alledperse, presented by Elders
McK and W. It was pleasant, Messrs. Editors,
to be thus remembered. Pleasant to sit down to
dinner, in your own house, with your congrega
tion around you. Pleasant to find your granary,
flour barrel, coalshed, purse, &c., speak with
eloquent tongue to you of the kindness of your
people. This was the first attempt, I believe, of
this congregation at a " surprise; ' and it is sur
prising how well they succeeded. I put it on
record, not becatise it needs to be recorded, for
" Charity ever
Finds in the set reward, and needs no trumpet
In the receiver," .
but because it is one of the favorable "signs of
the times." These things speak k of love to Christ
and Christ's Goepel. It is bechuse the people
love them that they would cheer on hint who
stands up to preach Christ and his Gospel. The
people feel " How beautiful on the mountains are
the feet of him that bringeth glad tidings," and
by deeds of Christian kindness would put wings
on.his heels, that be may fly rather than run,
"publishing peace." It,was a good day for the
paetor and people of Union. May God reward
every thinker of, kind thoughts, and every, doer
of kind deeds in the name of Jesus, is the prayer
of a grateful and much obliged
PASTOR AND 1 , ANIGT.
Adams, Pa., Feb. 15, 1850.
NAME OF COLLEGE.
Amherst, Amherst, Mass,
Bowdoin, Brunswick, Me.,
Brown University, erovidence, IL 1.,
Dartmouth, Hanover, N. H.,
Gettysburg. Gettysburg, Pa.,
Hamilton, Clinton, New York,
Harvard Univ, Cambridge, mass.,
Middlebtoy, Middlebury, Vt.,
Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, Vt.,
'Univ. of N. Car., at Chapel Hill, N.C.,
'Univ. at Lewisburg, Lewisburg, Pa.,
Washington, Lexington, Va.,
Waterville. Waterville, Me..
WF stem University, Middletown, Ct.,
Williams, Williamstown, Mess.,
Yale, Bew Haven, Ct.,
Mtgr i egate
Prof. B. M.- KERR, Principal of Oakland
Seminary, was licensed to preach the
Gospel by the Presbytery of Ohio, at its
Mr. J. B. PATTERSON, a licentiate of the
Presbytery of Miami, has received a
unanimous call from the church. of Sten
benville, 0., which he has expressed his
intention to accept, and has entered upon
bis duties in that congregation.
Prof. G. MUSGRAVE Gram, of the College
of New Jersey, was ordained as an E van
.gelist, by the Presbytery of New Bruns.
wick, in the Witherspoon Street church,
Princeton, N. J., on Wednesday, the
15th inst. The Rev. John 'Maclean, D.
D., presided and made the ordaining
prayer. The Rev. G. W. Musgrave, D.
D., of Philadelphia, at the request of the
Presbytery, preached the sermon,
Rev. :10 The Rev. Dr. Macdonald
delivered the charge to the Evangelist,
and the Rev. William 11. Green, D. D.,
addressed the congregation. The Rev.
Dr. Atwater also took part in the pre
liminary devotional services.
Rev. THOMAS W..CATTRiaIs pastotal rela
tion to the church at Deerfield, N. J ,
was dissolved by the Presbytery of West
Jersey, on Thursday, the 9th inst.
Rev. G. P. VAN WYCK was installed pas
tor of the First church of Airmen, Run
terdon County, New Jersey, on the 31st
Rev. J. LERoY DAms, late of Coates'
Tavern, 8. C., bas removed to Augusta,
Jackson County, Ark.
Among the items of, business at a Quar
terly Conference of the Smithfield M. E.
church, some days ago, reeolutione were
adopted declaring the office of Presiding El
der unnecessary and expensive, and inetrnot
ing the 'stewards not to pay more than $5O
for services of the Elder during, tbe coming
year. The following was also adopted :
Reiolved, That we are in favor of no
altering our. Discipline as to prohibit all
slavebolders from communion in the Church:
AGRICIILTIMAX WitirKEL—We hope the msny
farmers among our readers wilt not overlook the
card of C. M. Saxton, Barker & Co., in another
column. Bend for ti . catalegue of their publica
tions, make a good 'select/OA; and your Minds will
•be improved, armlike proceeds of your farms in
STARCH, sugar and alooliol are all composed of
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; starch captaining
72 lbs of carbon to 80 of oxygen and 10 of hy
drogen ; sugar, 72 lbs. of carbon to 88 of oxygen
and 11 of hydrogen ; and alcohol, 48 lbs. of car
bon to 32 of oxygen and 12 of hydrogen.
Alumna exist all along the Western coast of
Africa, from the Senegal to the .Gaboon. These
include over one hundred organized churches,
and fifteen thousand hopeful converts , ; nearly two
hundred sohools with sixteen" thousand pupils,
receiving a Christian education. More than fifty
different dialeas have been reduced to writing,
aPd-the Gospel is thought to have been brought
within the reach of at least five millions of Afri
Ow the first day of January last there were
but two hundred and seven living heroes o 4 the
Revolution on the pension het in Washington.
The old soldiers axe fast passing away, and it can
not be many years before the last one will be
gathered to his comrades. Fourteen of the vet
erans were living in Massachusetts.
Ma. Mzursw has kept 'Since July 22d, 1850, a
record of deaths and injaries from camphene and
burning fluid. The number of.deaths during that
time is four hundred and twenty-four ; of injured,
six hundred and twenty-three. In the year 1869,
the deaths of eighty-three ftsrsons were recorded,
and the number of injured was one hundred and
six, of whom twenty were not expected to recov
er. The loss by fire from camphene has been
A warnat in the Richmond Whig, addressing
the homespun-wearing ladies of Virginia, says:
4, Allow me here to say, that I conscientiously be
lieve the salvation of Virginia and Virginia insti
tutions depends now mainly, if not wholly, upon
the women of Virginia. Show to the North that
you will clothe yourselves at borne, and that, if
need be, y,on will sooner resort to the primeval
garments of fig leaves, than purchase a farthing's
worth from a Northern house, or from the mer.
chant of Richmond who does so purchase."
An encyolopmdia, has just been completed' in
Germany, in two hundred and forty-two volumes.
The first volume sew the light at Berlin, as far
back as the year 1773, and the last has beezipub-
Baked this season; so that the work has been
extended eighty six years without interruption.
Only six editors have been connected with the
work, and their terms of service have averaged
fourteen years each.
COUNTIES IN IVIAB6ACIMEIRTTB.—There are
fourteen counties in Maseachnietts. The first
settlement was made in 1620, and the several
counties were incorporated in the years stated.
Essex in 1643, Middlesex in 1643. Suffolk in
1648, Hampshire in 1662. Dukes in 1683, Barns
table in 1685, Bristol in 1685, Plymouth in 1685,
Nantucket in 1695, Worcester in 1731, Berkshire
in 1761, Norfolk in 1793, • Franklin in 1811,
Hampden in 1812.
Mason and Dixon's line is the boundary line
between Maryland and Pennsylvania, surveyed
by two able and learned English surveyors at the
expense of the heirs of William Penn and Lord
Baltimore- It cost the Penn family in the neigh
borhood of $lOO,OOO. Mason and Dixon measured
an arc of the meridian in the course of their
surveys; and this measurement is cited now in
works on astronomy, having been' one of the
measurements by which the figure of the earth'
EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL LIGHT ON VEGETATION.—
In answer to an inquiry on this subject, a corres
pondent of the London Builder states : I planted
vegetables in a plane where daylight could not
penetrate, over which I suspended a paralftne oil
lamp, with a reflector to throw the light. upon the
plants. They have grown tip a beautiful dark
green. I have also lighted a greenhouse with
lamps every nigh; and find it not only increases
vegetation, but gives a beautiful deep tinge to the,
THE Woax or THE SPINETEG JENNT.—A century
ago the value of all cotton goods manufactured in
England was estimated at £200,000,; and when
the spinning jenny was invented in 1767, by
Hargreaves a carpenter, the yearly exports of
cotton fabrics did not exceed that slam. In 1858
the total value of the cotton manufactures expor
ted, including twist and yarn, amounted to forty
three millions of pounds sterling. A century
back the total value of the textible fabrics
exported from the United Kingdom did not
amount to five millions; whilst the'value of such
fabrics exported in 1858 exceeded sixty—nine
millions. At the beginning of the present century
the quantity of raw cotton imported into England
was fifty millions pounds weight. The quantity
imported had increased in 1860 to six hundred
and sixty—three millions, and in 1868 to a thou
sand millions of pounds weight, of which the
value exceeded thirty millions of pounds sterling.
ANNICAN BOA CONSTRICTOR --One Of the largest,
snakes of this species ever captured alive and
brought to this country, arrived in a vessel at
Salem, Maitsschusetts, last Sunday afternonni
The monster measures forty feet from tip to tip„
twenty-eight inches in circumference, and weighs
four hundred and seventy-three pounds. He i 9
capable of tailing at one meal, a full grown sheep
or goat.—. Boston Transcript. -
The PRESBYTERY OP BLAIRSVILLE will meet, Pro•
ro.neta, on the First Tuesday of /March, at 2 cOolock.P.
in the Lecture-room of the Presbyterian church, Shdre+
vine, to dismiss the Rev. T. A. Brown, to the - Presbytery of
Coshocton. JAMES DAVIS, Stated clock.
The PRESBYTSBY OF /OWL stands adjourned• to Inset
in West Point, on Tuesday, the 6th of Mara, 1860, et 7
o'clock P. M. A. U. M'CLELLAND, Stated Clerk.
4. , , r,
Ths ATLANTIC Moartutr.--Onr space only
permit us to state that the March number of this
ably co ndueted magazine is on hand. For sale
by Rant & Miner.
WORORSTER'S Dzeresereßv.---We give, is Lit
erary coluinn, an extended notice of the new and
improved edition of tine very learned `and excel
lent work. It is also advertised.
CASSELL'S ILLUSTRATED FAILILT BlBLE.—Pirst
number published. See advertisement. -For our
own part we are not greatly in favor of such
profuse illustrations of 'the Bible as are given in
HARPER'S liinanum.--The March number of
this largely circulated, instructive, and enter
taining Magazine has behn received. For con.
tents see ativerNse.ment. For sale by. Bunt &
Miner, Fifth Street, Pittsburgh.
Tux LADY'S Boos.—The number for March is
on our table. It contains all the new fashions
much reading matter, and many 'useful receipts,
together with many suggestions respecting house
'hold duties.: For sale by Hunt & Miner.
Mayor Wilson is showing himself to be an
efficient officer; feeling it to be his duty, as a
magistrate, to enforce the lavis of the State
against vice and immorality. On Saturday morn
ing his officers visited a cock pit, where a large
company were engaged in directing and witness
ing the cruelties which chickens are made to
practice upon each other. Twenty-two of the
bipeds without feathers, were arrested, and
brought before his Honor, and fined five dollars
The attention of Agricultitraliets, Manufaistir
ere, and politicians, luxe long been directed to the
discovery of a substitate for cotton; or, other
wise, to the invention of machinery by which the
fibre of flax and hemp could, be wrought into
sloth with the same facility with which cotton is
so wrought. Machinery , which would accomplish
this latter purpose, would . have an immense influ
ence upon the question of Slavery in our country,
upon the relation of our States to each other, and
upon our commerce,both foreign and domestic.
On our fourth page, under the Agricultural head,
may be found some information on this subject.
The Hortleulturiet and donna' of Rural
This monthly, published in New York, by C.
M. Saxton, Barker & Co.; is under the editorial
control of Mr. Peter B. Mead, a praetical .Horti
oulturist,, and well-known to those" conversant
with publications on horticulture and kindred
subkots, , and has an extended antivaluable list of
correepondents and contributors. To all persons
interested in horticulture; and alive to the im
provement of their gardens, orchards, on coun
try residences:this publication is of the greatest
utility. Its presence will' instruct the mind and
improvethe tastes of any family. Each number
contains forty .eight pages and eeveral fine illus
trations. Terms $2 per annum, or four copies
-fine Subscriptions received in Pittsburgh by
Mr. James Wardrop, Fifth Street.
Flax. vs. Cotton.