Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, July 23, 1859, Image 1

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Prowllytealan Ilanwers 1 /0118 V/99/ 80 0 1 4.
rrobitsrian Af&vomit'. V•lg JIM, nee 89
rigirtal ottrg,
- Days of Yore.
When to rest the sun has molten,
And the weary day - is , o'er,
sit we then and ponder sadly,
On the happy days of yore ;
On those halcyon days of gladness,
When'the world was light and gay,
When no °low:14 our pathway darkened,
And our hearts were light alway.
Then, amidst the twilight shadows,
Comes a vision fair and bright,
Of "the lov'd and the departed,"
Gone forever,from our eight;
And 't is aad when we remember,
That they'll come again no more,
With their smiles our hearts to gladden,
As they „Dame in days of yore.
for the Presbyterian Benner and Advocate
Prayer—Au Incident.
The late Rev. William Wylie, D D ~was
a man of prayer and power. Toward the
close of his ministry, he aided one •of
younger brethren, on a communion .season,
some twenty miles from his own field ofla-,
bor. The brother had a child, a, year ,ord,
called for the Dr , apparently at the point of
death. The child was emaciated with dis
ease, beyond what his aged physician 'said
he bad ever Witqiipsed, and he' pronounced
his recovery impdreible. As'soon as Dr. W.
cast his 'eyes on- the little form in which
breathing was hardly perceptible, his sytnpa=
thiee were enlisted. The father told him be
had not prayed for his recovery tor Reversl
days, but prayed that God would -renew and,
fit him for heaven—a prayer for his recovery
appeared like a prayer for a miracle.
The hour for family worship came, -in
which the Dr. led, and 0 such a prayer for
his-recovery, and that he might be spared
and fitted for , the ministry The nextolay
he made the same petition in the nulpit.
The day following he requested the: warm
bath to be used, which wail done according
to directions. An hour after the bathing
operation, he inquired after the effect pro
duced, and was informed that it- made it
more apparent that the lungs of the child
were nearly gone.. The hour for family wor.
ship again came, and his prayer for his.' re•
ooverY, and that ho might be fitted for the
Gospel ministry, was even more fervent than
before; and one of the last petitions he ever
made in that congregation and at that fami.
lar altar, was for the recovery of the child.
Fourteen years rolled away, and the Dr•
was informed that the little pufferer for
whose recovery he had prayed so fervently,
was a student of Washington College—now
a member-of the Senior Class—was a subject
of the revival this,Colilege 1855, and
has the ministry in ,view. Qn,receiving this
information, he addressed him the, following
letter ;
tt Wirziramt, Va., Oot. 700856.
Wm. W. Anderson—Dear Son :—By a
letter received some time since fremypur,
father, I learned you lyere , :at-W44in-gt-nn,'
College. praythat God , would. preserve, your
life and health, and endow you. with mental
and moral efficiency, that you may ptove a
blessing to your Country, and to the ChurCh
of God. I have no doubt you are, diligent
in your studies, and I hope you make your,
self acquainted with the- first principles of
every branch of your studies. Take suffi
cient exercise, and use continual care to pre-'
serve your health. I hope you have devoted
yourself wholly -to- the service of God. It
is the only object for which you exist,- -and
for which you are—redeemed. My dear
son, give the Lord. Jesus your heart. .Re
ceive him freely. Be careful to •cultivate
every Christian grace. Live for eternity.. At
all times it is within one single breath. The
knowledge of God's existenee--his cliartte
ter and works—i conviction of our endless
existence, and the endless existence of all
others; vith the awful and glorious events
which are before us, and a firm reliance on
the power, truth and mercy of God, greatly
strengthen the intellectual power's of the hu
man mind, while they fill it with the peace
of God, which passeth all understanding.
My dear son, you live for interests compared
with which, worlds like this; though more
than the drops of water in the ocean in num
ber, are nothing
One year ago last April, by a' fall Which
occurred at Grand Gulph, Miss., I broke the
upper end of the bone of, my lift thigh, and
have been unable to walk since. I was
brought' by steamboat, after-some months, to
this place, and am living with my son In-law,-
Isaac Irwin I have not suffered very-taueb,
and my general health. has been , good
have been able to preach- several times since
this event took place, and the Lord has gra
ciously kept my mind in peace.
~ I wish you
would, write to me. to , year
father when you write to him. If you pass
this way on your return to Ohio, call , and see
me, if I am living. May God Almighty ,
bless you, and be your portion I
Your affectionate friend,
To this letter he replied, whioh reply is
probably among his papers ' and spent , a night
with him a few months before his death, and
had the pleasure of, praying for hire, in re ,
turn. When this venerable Ambassador of
Christ, far advanced in life, prayed so ear
nestly for the recovery of an infant from the
verge of the grave y 'strong as was his faith
in prayer, and confidence in God, probably
little did he think that that infant would one
day pray that God would- sustain and com
fort him on the bed of sickness,•and be with
him in passing through the valley of the
shadow of death. •
Dr. Wylie was mighty in the pulpit, 'even
after he had pawed the meridian , of•life, and
seldom did .he preach with greatevpower
and effect, than he did on the occasion alio
ded to in this communication. The great
themes in the plan of redemption on which
he dwelt, were suited to his lofty imagina
tion, which, by times, would; soar and
roam, as if reckless of all control. He felt
the magnitude of his subjeot, and his crowd
ed audienoe must feel it too He painted
the love of God for a. lost world, the agonies
of the Oross, and the glories of heaven in
such a light that even the most stupid hear
er felt that they were living realities. He
has oeased from his labors, and his works
follow him. J• 4 •
Lexington, 0.
LEADING MEN.—It is customary to speak
of sundry men in the Church of Christ as
"leading men,',' is e., they go before others,
and make and second the motions which
others vote for. It should not be forgotten,
however, that a man in & Christian Church,
who really deserves the name of a "leading
man," serves the Church. He moves and
goes in the right,direetion, and, determines
others in that direction. As, Baxter well
remarks, ig Church greatness consists, in. be.
ing greatly servieeable."—Christiai kstet
.1' II
For the Presbyterlan Banner and Advocate
Christian 'Union
MESSRS , EDITORS:--While the different
nations of the earth are being drawn to
by means of steam and electricity, we
rejoice to discover indications that the var
ious portions of, the Christian world are,
by .a celestial influence, coming into closer
union and fellowship. , Too long have the
followers of Christ been alienated from each_
other. Let us hope that the hour it at hand.
when all denominations of 'Evangelical.
Christians shall " dwell together in unity."
"One is your Master. even Christ; and all.
ye are brethren." Here is a broad Scrip.
tural basis on which all may stand. Were
the eyes of Christians more steadily directed
to their Lord, they would soon lose sight of
the minordiffereiices that separate them from.
each other. What " envying, ; and strife,.
and divisions" have been excited the.
Church by undue attachment to party
names and party leaders. " I 844 of Paul;
and I,of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I
Of Christ" Is it not high time to dis
courage this spirit of contention.:Would,
that all the ministers of
~ the Gospel pos
messed more of the Apostles mind. Then
Would the watchmen upon Zion's walls be
gin to see eye to eye, while from each would
go forth the earnest, exhortation Now,
I beseech you, brethren, by the unwept' our
Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak' the
.samefliing, and that there be no divisions
among you, but that ye be perfectly j3ined
together in 'the same mind,,and in the same ,
judgment." Can it' be that those who have
One Lord, one faith, one baptism," shall
continue to treat each other as' aliens and
enemies How painful to the pious heErt
to reflect how the "Shibboleth" of sect has
'sundered those who ought to take street
counsel together and walk unto, the .house of
God in company. When will, we learn to
bear one another's . burdens and. so fulfill the
law of Christ I' Wilen'will the' different
branches of the Church discovpr, that the
`communion of saints is not to be interrupted
by every shade of difference Perceptible
in the opinions of those who embrace the
same Saviour and walk by the same rule ?
I rejoice that the 'denomination with
which we stand connected, encourages no•
narrow minded bigotry. Oar General As
sembly has thrown open the door, not only
for union-prayer meetings and union ;eon- ;
venticos, but likewise for ; inter-communion
at the Lord's table. Her language on this
subject is :
The'terms of Christian `communion'adopted by
"our Church have been In accordance with the
Divine oommaud, that we elhould receive one an
other as Christ has received us. We have ever
admitted to our communion all those who, in the
judgment of mharity, Were the'sincere diSolpies
Jesus Christ. We fully recognize the authority
of the , command, " Him that is weak in the faith
receive ye, but not to doubtful disputatious."
May we not hOpe froni preeent indications
that this spirit of liberality will soon spread
through all branches of the Evingelical
Church? M.W.D.
Youth and Age.
It is said that - there is no icoonnting for
it 'l,O l / 4 ieditlieUlttktelonitt
for judgments. Iloth run very much with
the, fashion, that is, ,witl! .the, populav our-,
rent. And this is much the case, in things
,religions as Well as secular; and, in the es
timation made of persons, as well things;
Ministers are by no means exempt. They
have to bear their part in life's variations.
The current has been setting strongly in
favor cif young, ,
ministers, for, some .time, and
to the exelasion of the aged, in i regard to all
desirable pastorates. The following, _from
the Christian Intelligeneer, of the Reformed
Dutch Church, may be read with interest:
Opinion` has changed since the Bel of
Chatham complained - that he was charged -
with " the atrocious crime of being .a young
man." " The light of the XIX Century"
has dissipated• some prejudices in favor of
age and now for -some Men,•it is, indeed?
criminal to be old. The-Church, whit* ,is
the pillar and ground of the truth, bears,its
,teetimony against the crime of „age, by none.
damning It in the .persons, her pinisters.
An old minister, is a great sinner against the
intelligent wants of a .rising,Chirch.
nominations agree in-this matter, but we are
disposed to think the Dutch Church has
been foremost in - declaring against old min
isters. What precise metes or hounds
should be put to the expansive adjective
old, in this connexion, we are not quite sure.
Bat we feel safe in asserting that neither
such an one as• " - Paul the aged," nor as the
:venerable John' who was in Palms• "for
the Saviour's sake," would be 'a proper can.
didate now for any vaoant-Chureh of our
order. So thoroughly are 'the Dutch Con
sistories alive to the •necessity of settling
ministers who have •.f.t the. dew of :their
youth," that 'we, have little expectation of
; hearing thst our,older pastors able
to hold their positions , much longer,. unless
they renew their „youth in some physical
sense. Hairdyes, Cosmetics, Dentist's and
Barber's tools should be freely' employed in.
a Skillful way to.farbish up the house of
this tabernacle," and to - keep the rust of age
from its exterior. ' They who will' not' use
these implements well for the purpose of
strengthening theiehold upon the - affections
.of -their flocks, had better -study law, or
medicine, or become 'candidates' fore the
Senate or the White Rouse.
`For an old Lawyer, or an old Doctor of
Medicine, is commonly-regardedwith - great
revereneerand his opinions are paid for in
sums , proportioned; .to his age. 50, , t00, , as
the Constitution of the United States admits
members to the Senate, at the age which
usually ends the usefulness of the minister
of , the Gospel,-it might bewell for „those .
who have no, time for either pleading or
pills, to betake themselves to polities as soon
as they are old , eneugh to attain. eminent
dignity in ,the service of the State. If fifty
.or sixty Winters have frozen up in immeas
urable depths the wisdOm of early years, so
that - there is small likelihood it, ever
thaw, then our Iliseardeti veterans of the
pulpitmight with some propriety direct their
efforts in proper ways to become Presidents
of these United' States. For the State re
verses the rule'of the Church. The Church
likes raw 'recruits • best—the Stage prefers
experienced veterans.
From thirty to thirty.five years, lies flow,
that deep Slough, through which must wade,
with growing fear, the worn.out pastors of
our ambitious congregations. Young as we
are, and • embarrassed oftentimes with the
foolish blush of inexperienced youth, we
nevertheless, see clearly, and digest inward•
ly, the melancholy fact, that the time will
soon come when we shall take our place in
the ranks of the old. men who are over thir
ty,years of age; f eud, we can therefore, even
now feel a thrill of sympathetic exultation
in the thought that if old men are ejected
from perishing pulpits . , the Muter has as.
011 110 4kogekto.theajZi heliveß• is a
"ONE THING 173 NEEDFUL:" "ONE -THING HAV a -2 -Q e . vr - •' -
comfort • to know that old men are not de
spised in heaven, nor anywhere on earth,
except among the heathen Escpiimaux, and
in some of the Obiistian churches.
There are, however, honorable and- many
exoeptions to this. Churches that have, ac
tive members and working Elders and Dea
cons, usually keep their pastors long, and
cherish their instructions as age improves
their value. Bat in those churches whine.
Elders 'and Deacons, and, members, expemt
their pastors to do the pre t aehing, and pray
ing, and visiting, without any aid, and to
run up the rent roll for pews by extraordi.
nary flourishes, rhetorical thunderings, and
lightnings of matchless eloquence, young
men are most needed. When the clergy.
man is expected to possess and exhibit all
the active piety there is in the congregation,
he ought, indeed, to be fleet, and strong,
and work fast He will break down by the
time he is thirty, to be sure; but then an
other young man can be placed in his roam,
and the grinding of flesh, , and maples, and
bones will go on again in the heavy treadmill
of a lazy church. A praying, active church`
will keep a minister, young until he is Seven
ty; a 'slow and indolent - church, will make
him both old
,and criminal for his 'age, .by
the time he is thirty or thirty five.
By the foregoing observations, we have no
intention of disparaging in any way, our
younger brethren in the "nilistry ; but, as,
we note the growing disposition among the
churches to settle young men only, we can
not help asking whereunto will this bring
us who are young? What will be tie effect,
in a few years, upon the stability of the pas
toral relation? Ministers there are now, by
scores, who want to be settled Tutors, but
gray hairs are here and there upon them,
and they are consequently tabooed by Cortes
tories. We do not believe that a minister
must be accounted acceptable because he is
over thirty five; but we do insist that.the
vacant churches ought not to eetablish it as.
a rule, that a man Cannot be an acceptable
pastor because he ,has reached or passed the
meridian of life. This is all we have to say
at present on this topic, although it merits
fuller consideration.
As we claim lirgsly ulion the first half of
life, either perwiiially - or by oar sons, our
younger brethren , Will not charge us with be
ing envious,of their acceptability. We but
speak a word for• the wisdom,which exile
rime brings to the minister, as surely as to
the physician andl-the lawyer, and swhich, is
as. truly valuable to those who would .be
guided aright.
Tor ttie•Praebytartau Baader aad Advocate
Dr. Halirei on Coogregationollom.
The venerable Dr. Hawes, of Hartford,
Connecticut, recently delivered a discourse*
kefore> the Congregational Board of - . Pub
oration, in Boston. The „subject of the
discourse was Congregatioettlism, ~an 4.. the •
means of improving it. Among the means,
the speaker enumerated -
Ist Parity of Faith,. Dr.'Hawei admits
"fully that the times of true revival in New ,
England,. have been the , times of - the ,elear
preaching'of strong and;therough: Galvinistio
doctrine.; while the times of declension have
been those in which these doctrines have
been withheld, or the opposite-preached.
Another great want of Congregatioaalism,
according to , the !puke; is a better organs:.
cation.- The caramel/ Congregationalism,
(that of Maesachusetts,) he represented as
having one grand defect; it has no organic
unity, Popery or prelacy' is one extreme;
independency is another. Independency in
Church organization„Dr. 11. admits, has no
foundation in reason,or. Berinture, in nature
or. grace. Oar churches, he says, have no
bond of- union in faith. We have no com
mon Standards. When asked what Congre
gationalism is, it is not easy to give an
answer. There are great differences in faith
and practice. We, need more unity and
order, and we must more in this direction,
or we shall los6 our hold on the conservative
and thoughtful, and ; , fall into .the hands of
the rash and the radical. [A. Congrega
tional pastor observed to the writer "that the .
Doctor's prophecy was already history ]
To realize this unity, Dr. H wou'd haws
a common creed to be.receivad by aIL Con
gregationalists, and a General Council, or
Assembly representing the whole denomink
tion. This, if it means anything of account,
means Presbyterianism. And although
Dr. H. is not a Presbyterian in doctrine or
order, and would no doubt disavow this con
clusion, his testimony is , porte the less im
portant, as witnessing the deep and urgent .
need in the Congregational churches.of pre
cisely that which Presbyterianism , supplies.
It is a ,significant fact, when men -who
have held snob a position in the Congrega•
tional body as Dr. H has done, are impelled
by the ,very necessities of the case to pro
pose, as a matter of expediency, what Pres.
byterians hold as .a principle of Seripture
t The grand deed of Congregationalism, as
a Church,organization, lice ,exactly here; it
really denies the unity of, the uhurph.
Denying this, it throws itself at once off the
foundation of the Word of iGod ; and if the
foundations Ire deltroyed, what can even the
righteous, do? What remains,.but that, a
system must lose its hold on the wiseand
thoughtful, and, fall into the hands of 'the
rash and radical ? -Z. Z.
Speak Kindly' of Your Pastor.
. Many Christians inflict serious harm on
their pastors, and"on the cause of Chriet,hi
their careless gossip ami.' habits 'of ()Spiking.
ness. An idle :word
,of censure, forgotten,' ',
perhaps; as soon as . uttered , leaves a permit
nentiMpression . 011ihe Minds of. children
and visitors, and ' works mischief is the
future. While Christians are human,' we'
suppose; it is useless to hope for a perfeet .
cure of this vice, but the follOwing'wordeof
advice are pertinent
"In all your.transiotions with your min.:
ister, deal with him candidly and honestllt.
Hold his reputation as a snored
Never by word or deed permit yourselves ; to'
injure it;' if you do, you injure his useful.'
ness and your own interests: If you think .
you have ground for fault finding, tell him,
that's the 'Manly and Christian 'course, but
neviir:Whiaper scandal about Ihim to 4:tthere
in his absence. And especially .nev,erapeak
derogatively of him / to the, young. Parents
little. know what they do when they permit•
themselves to censure his conduct or dis
parage his work in the presence of their
children. Many a. young-,heart has thus
beenalienated from the minister, and 'frog'.
truth, ere yet it has been brought:ander the
• salutary influence of either. That accounts,
in many instances, for the fact that children
! do not follow lathe steps of their parents,,
by.identifying themselves with the churches.
' to which they belong, and this, .in its turn,,
' often accounts for children breaking loose
from .religious vestraints and influences
gether. Not till the issies'of time are re
' vested .in .eternity, ...shall ~wp see., all. the
wrong , that has resulted ,from the evil I have
deprecated. . , May. ,eyeTy.:o4;ah be saved,
from it _
_From our London -Correspoiflent.
Pause brfore Me Storni-7'he Two Armia?!—A. Con
trast—The Austria?: Fortresaes=The Line of Me
Nincio—Charge of Blaspheniy by Paiists— Who
is theStaaphemer, and Idolater ,—Thp Fears of
Me Pope—P, rus.sia's Position--.4r0 Syinpathy for
Austria—Count Cavour's Circular the Austrian
Cruelties—A Brutal General - and his Pass.
port". Card—The Progress of the Revival in Ire
land--Testimony of Ministera—lnciderits—ffnited
,Prayer—l Union kat , Belfast—British Officers and
ths .4fffsirs— The;: European -
" Cornpany':,'i Troops Murmuring—The Rebels
and.the Nena—:Address to Sir Tohn Lawrence—
, Postscript.
June 24thj 1859
THE PAusx - - which has oecurred in the
storm ragingiluljtaly,-has-sbeen Caused by
the,retrest , of - ;the lAustrilms!inpont the ,line
,thoi Mincio,,and, one le ready ; to add, by,
the !enmity, of, re organization on the part
of the belligerents. The effect of repeated
defeetsim the morale of the Austriin army,
has been disastrous. Nothing 'could be more
striking , than the contrasts unconsciously
drawn by two correspondents of the -Times,
the one at the Austrian headvarters, the
,other moompanying the advancing ()Chimes
of the Allies. As . •to the latter, they are
described as marching through the' most
beautiful and luxuriant soenes, arrive towards
_evening at the capping. place for the „night,
where they find excellent provisions, all
kinds 'of rural dainties, and a most agreeable
bivouac.' The next morning r refreshed and
joyous, , they resume their advance, to go
through a similar promenade, witka similar
conclusion. There is, nothing of afar about
the proceeding, except its stimninahnd ex- ,
citement. The' description.' 'says the
Times, " remlnds`twof Ribin Swill men,
in Sherwood Forest, disporting tliemeelves
through pleasant, glades, driving
~ good
red, deer, arid sleeping at night on smooth
turf, under the greenwood tree."
Now look on the contrast, as thus coil
mented on :
1 4 Our ,00rrespondent at the he4quarters
writes from, the, same, country, Under • the
very same' date, p a,nd after a march ever the
very same roads ; and whit' dOeti hi. say
He can seemly describe the sufferings, the
impatience,-or the disgust, existing:ars:and
him. The past week—that very ptriod so
agreeable to the French , -,--has.been Aitad.
ful one. The, writer, though hring
horse, and strong
, himself, found the' sun arid
dust almost inaupportable -
"'The wounded soldiers mist luivtivrithed
in torture, as •the miserable, springier's
carts-tof the eountry bore them slowly Along..
for,,nearly twelve, hours a day. Tide roads
were nearly impassible. ' A minuted officer
could' Scarcely get along - at die 'late' of 'a.
,Anile an hour. Instead of Universal`
tion, there is universal rage. Lancers tear
away tbe tlags,,from their ,lances;igiflemcia,
pluck from their oaps.the flowers which they
al waysr ,o 4 l -TM 3 larAi n le..; and. Aribirillither
,give vent to their—furytin,execrations, or
more. discreetly confin&thenaselvesito! , arigry
s gestures and, frowning. brows.
"What makes all this differ:en*? Dne
condition only, • works all thiat!tnarvel.
The French are victorious-=the Austiisns
hive been defeated. The. 4i'ons„- , sti, may
.cOnvey, instructiva idea of ,the ,
Abietwak,a„ pagimia .
of the soldier.'
Bad generalship has thus'ilemeraliaed, as
well `as decimated, the 'Austrkin army.
GeneraLGuylai is. 4isnalissed, and -Count.
SARA is the new Leader, but .he is as yet
- untried, and no change can 'efface the, dis
haaitening remembrances of officers and
men, who know that at the battle of
Magenta, not less than ten thousand of their
comrades were. either killed or - wounded—
It also nemes-out, that. for fifty-hours before
the battle, the soldiers ,had,not even,a.pieee
of bread I Thus the poor iretches, - famish.
ing and overmarched,
.were hurried to cer
tain 'destruction. The French ' , army, nu
merioally, is not sohgreat as that of Austria,
t in..everything, ,else,, and especially in,
well fed and effective men, it. is far more,
efficient. Oar , new War Minister is. re
minded by the Press; of how oulOoMmis-
Barka broke down in the Oriiean war, with
sieh...fataleresults to life, :and receives a
Eagan! to learn ) 16 ;lessen' from. the-French,
in that department. •
Austria's main leliance, _even if she should
be .„worsted 'in the field. Their recent re
treat .is similar to, that of 'ltadetsalry, in
1848, before an inferior foree:of Sardinians, '
under Charles Albert. The Mineio
from the Lake - of Garda to Mantua, a dis
tance. of .sixteen Add to this ' ‘ seven
miles from ,Mantua f , to where the Illincio
fallerito, the, Po, andyou wili,iiereeive that
the line which the Austrians have to defend.
is about twenty•three iniles;' while it each
end is a-tortress,.which it Will be exceed
ingly diffioult to turn. The one is Feeehiera,,
on the -above Lake Gards.oand the other,
Mantua, ties in the midst of bogs and
marshes, which extend to the Po. Irke
garrison of the' first named fortresS his also ,
the power of-inundating , the country for
several miles, by closiag ,sluices which are
,between the lake and.the river.
Mantas lies on an island; and has a forti
fied camp for thirty thousand -men. b
seems impregnable, and a writer Irmo
Vienna 14 says,Napoleon-is resolved to,
,have Mantua, he must be.prepared to sank
flee eighti„thensand, or one, ;hundred thou-,
sand men; for hie renowned uncle did not„
get possession of the place after'
had besieged 'it eight months, and,- fought'
eight or ten- battles. The French -}artillery •
is infinitely-more.,powerfal now, than, it was
in, 797 ;. but so, are the,,:fortressekagainst
which it is, to be employed." But, the
French have great ponfidenoe in the destru 3 -
rive powers of their: 'new rifled ominous,
-which carryAshot several miles, and which
can ,be thrown into the fortified towns..and
camps with deadly power. Besides this r a
navel expedition, possessing immemie•meana
of destruction, is on its' ay to Venice, and
nne•hundredand twenty fiat bottomed-boats,
sheathed with iron, and • armed , with ,rifled
cannon, are r it is said, to,,asoend the:A.dige
and the Po. If Venice falls,, the fleet ,may
land an army, corps,.to march on the Adige,
and take the Austrians' in the rear.. 'There
are also in -Tuscany; French troops, Which
will, at an appointed day r appear °nit given,
The Austrian prisoners also think the
conflict will be' short. Thep admit that'
their soldiers are seized With great alarm at
the sight of the Zonaves and their bayonets,
and they count little on Mantua, as it is
below the spot.where likely to
be made by the Allies to cross the Mineio.
Pausare. having mobillied, her great
army is now actively seeking to bring the
belligerent parties to an understanding.
Her own Cabinet, it is said, differed, by a
majority, with ,the Prince Itegent, on the,
alarming and expensive , measure of calling
out the wholelorce of the country, including
the, 'militia, or Landwehr, as has been tone.
A greich paper tells Prussia very„
thntahe may send her diplomatists to the
belligerent Powerekbut "propositions banked
by bayonets,: diplomacy,'' or aimst—negotia
tienn, wildly:4a wider the'menace of cocked
pistols, are what France ,wittAtot accept
IF ber.cleinonstratien is hostile.,. she, will find
France reacly,to meet her. 14r Quos ego
does not intimidate us."
Sv!itr.ariziv,rott. A USTRIA• there is none,
ou the part' tif this; natien, properly so called.
Tine,Napoleon's` designs are feared," and
suspicions gain -ground that Russia and-
France mean to, generalize the war, and
ab,et. insurrection in Hungary, for the thor
ough htimbling of Austria. True ' also .
that Lord Normandy, our late Ambassador
at Florence, made a retrograde speech on the
first night that , Parliament met, and Tory
Peers P approved. . Nor is it unlikely that the
Wilyold fox, the King of the Belgians, who
has just arrived in this country, and„lrlinse
heir iemarried an AuArian Princes's', may
excite mach fear and feeling at Court But
ilia instincts of: the nation Taint, on the one
hand, r tp,ati„angicentation, of, the army and
navy, andlireparations for the defence of the
country against possible invasion; arid, on the
other hand, (with ` the eiception of Papists,
Trent:atlaw priests, and very old Tories,) the
,pepple,dsfest Austria. 'Why shotild any one
wish to see.her.come out unpu.nishedkwhen
she iiipp guilty and winked 7 She is the
POpe's'sworn vassal, and her Preliteis only
remit* enacted' new laws for'the diOness,
whieh, His,Reliness has apprOved, 'strongly
disapproving all communication of, the faith
fuk, with, protestants, ? Yews, &c., and de
claring that it a tmnished.” The
Times Ooriespondent at tlenna, asks, "Is
it reasonable that Austria Should, under
such circumatanees, expect` to meet With
Sympathy in Germany and England ?"
do trust that no anxiety about" thatbalance
of power " in Europe will evoke anysym i
pathy in her 'behalf in the United States.
LetEus leave the issue`to a just God. Na
poleon is aldangeroue man, but heist un'der
Divine control, and is but "the ,rod of His
anger," whieh,_when it.has done its work,
HA: van snap jasunder • -
THE SIN or BLASPHEMY is now charged
home t.• against PritestantisM.l The Hon.
Mr. Langdale q says, "it is, ...Catholic , truth
that, in ail., ages, , the, .Church, from
its fipit fonndation to , ths,prent time, the,
agora* f ind 'eveivblianted Sacrament has
ever been to the Catholic his happiness and
his , support during life; and his consolation
„death:. This, most holy, and .adorable
Sacrament, THULE. Cron, the. and,
religion of
,the work-horise teaches the child
to protest againit and blasPhente."' This
gentleman is a Papist of an old English
family, who, at a recent meeting got up by
Wiseman - infltielice, in, London,. to clamor
for. okoploinsi . in workhonaes on# prisonlN
declaimed against the proselytism and the
ran "of ilie soils of "Catholic children,"
Carried on by Protestant chaplains. H'e
Said the children were taught to "blaspheme
God." Beingtaken .to task for•this *the
Timea,,,thA Above
,is, his defence mid i cora
mentary that the 'Wfifer Taut.*
Grin " to the Papiit It `is the old lie, int=
pudeutly reitived, , against which our fathers
witnessed *Avert unto blood.
TAZTEAR * B OF THE Pm are sought to
be fished by the Alliesthi , Italy, even white
they , are eargieg,ea a strife: 'which brings
kr to
its final
Bologna were virtually rebuked for theis
revolt,- and were assiiredAhat the security of
the Pope's= throne was , 'an object in' view
with the Allied - Sovereigns. The - Pope,
not.long since, being asked by.lLvisitor for
some reminispenoe of the :interview, and
having given it, spoke in terms the most
dolorous-of the menial distress he has long
endued The Popes Swiss , troops have
attacked the ,toki of Perrugia, which, had .
declared, for liberty, slaughtering and,tread-,
ing down both, men and - women. This is
the niilffrule of the Vicar of Christ !
Flf BOnaparte get power and position in
Italy, in the sense of a, Nirtual protectorate,
it is more than probable , he- will use,.tha
Pope for his ow,n ends, just as he,:has done
Elie priests in Fray - Ice: That I expect - will
be found the role of his policY.
COFPIT CAV,O has published a.cmula
to the Aisplawatic agents of Sardinia, in.
tended as an exposure, in the presenee of the
whole civilized world, of 'Austrian cruelty.
Fie, details, l atahe result of ; a, j adloialjuves•
tigation, rustle, t he,s wit, hp cy Ain ions op,
Sardinian peasants, were arrested on the
20th of May, whose ages variad from silty
- ;
to-fourteen years. _ A =search having been
inede4A - the farm house, and a small bag of
Shot ,fOra.fowiing pieee.laying been found,
they were, ,to thp_number of,nine while
nnable make themselyes understo;,, and
trembling in every 'Aril, 'ordered logo down
s.path-on one; side of the road: A platoon
of ,soldiers instantly fired on therri, by order ;
eight fell dead, and the, ninth, an old ; . , man,
was mortillYWninded A - bailiff, who had
hien compelled to sot as - gtaidejWai then lei
go, and as a passport through Ale' 'Austrian
troops in; the neighborhood) the Commander
gave him,a vieitiag card, which . , *slander
CIOTOtiAt, thi s ;time
• Littler did the_ giver of this eard ' think
that one day it should be produced as damn
ing proof of thU foiles't and most savage
cruelty. The card is, affixed to the
,back of
the } judicial decument, drawn up, after an
investigation on the 'spot. It is right to
add that •the Anitrian Governarint denies
the truth of the .statement, and promises.
fall-particilars in .the way of explanation.
with, marvelous power. During, The last
thirty, years,„ there has been a glorious
resurrection of spiritnaf life in Ulpter. The
old-faith, which ;Arianism had corrupted, '
hashein:restored, 'missionary seal has been 1
enkindled, Christian liberality -has, been'
raised to an unparalleled standard, piety bas
been largely diffused among the people, and
a noble race of ministers has been raised
np. Bat not until this year has there been
a revival, in that fall sense of the term, in.'
Ulster, which marked the. early history .of
Presbyterianism there in the early part of the
seventeenth century. Its origin was, as
.formerly indicated, -in-the neighborhood of
Ballymena, and there it. stip: exercises
mighty influence,. The -Rev. F.. Buick,
writing ; me last week,says : _ .
"I never, saw such holy, heavenly scenes
of prayer and praise in all my life before.
Characters often the incest godh3sa,, and even
maliciously opposing, the work; have heem.
stricken,..dori / under terrible distress, crying,
out fotmercy from . the Lord jesus. Even
poor ignorant children, bronghtrup in the .
midst of wickednies, are offering up Prayers'
before the throne, (wadi te perhaps3his
most learned Divines never offered;) in lan
guage the most exalted,, and with 4lnetling
earnestness and power.
"Delight s in the Word of God is most
remarkable ; never was it so sweet tit the
taste. The Psalms of 'David are sung now:
Its thernever were before. Whole nigh*
are often now spent in reading the r Word,_
and in singing and prayer 7 —especialty where,
there are any parties . the house
doweetion: " -
',g‘ Frivolity is gived'up ,forrteericradness -;of
ifts3l whole. , deportgiont. koala
_LA t ttiCF/At ,
j 0 1141004,', SSetth Com „of Seventh and Chestnut Streets
Suoh love ~for him, such Small and lofty
thoughts of him, I, never ; wituessed, before..
Oh I it would do you good ,to hear them.
But to be thorougbly'oonvineed, must
see the work yourself.. IT IS • , 01h, GOD
Never in this country has Satan : got such a
The movement has now spread into seve
ral parts of, the counties of Tyrone, London•
derry, and Down; beside&its wider diffusion
in the county or Antrim, where it
At Cookstown, in County, Tpone, where
Presbyterianism is very strong in,numbers,
them has been a great ((nickeling of, the.
dead, and also some physiCal amtation an
companing it. The ministefe there are
most faithful and judicious • men - and they
themselves have been astonished beyond
measure, at what they see, and hear.
On. Sabbath, the 12th June, in one place
of worship in the town, at a, Chore when
there was nothing to excite the audience,
one person, was struck down under .•tionvic
tion, and after he had been .removed, • the
entire congregation knelt down in prayer fur
several minutes, ` `without having received
any intimation front pastors or elders ►
At the , Cookstatin Market, ihe'llth
June, there was little if any of the swearing
or.drinking usual on such occasions, hither
to. A solemn impression seemed , to rest on,
aimost every one. The, great bulk of the
people had left' the'Market lcHig before
the,ousaomary hour, and as emulsible man
,observed, 4 1. t was more .like a SAbhath titan
a market day."
In the town of Belfast, the revival influ
ence is—as•an Episcopal clergyman writes ,
me--" atmospheric." Every one," he ,
says, " talking about., religion:" ,Dr.
0,4 e has, publicly, vindicated revivals
against the scoffs of Unitariatia, &o , and
his warned " serornere'tO
The ministers of• -Delfast,• of ah, denomi:
nations,-with the Christians, met Jest week
at the first °La greakand„united Eyangeli.
cal prayer Meeting. While DEStp,rganurajs ,
speaking,briefiy and 'nolitinnly, a woman was
struck down and carried out. Afterivirdei
she was comforted and-made:hippy in Christ.
An Episcopal clergyman, who takes anue
, tive part in the work aa Beffset, and who is
well known to me, gives the foll Owing earn
mary of the reality and residteuf this move
meat,- as a:.Whole i 1.• There has plainly
been an outpouring of the Spirit in answer
to,prayer. 2. This has, not; been,,in,,, the
usual way ofhuman agency, but is, the,di
red work of the Spirit. t hinottelf. ff. Phyai
cal manifestatione have accompanied, 'bit
have not been necessarily 'connected with it.
The nernber of those seriouslyAmpreased:
Ilea leen far,runre,than those
,physically „af
fected. 4, Its tendeney iato unite in closer
lionda the members of Evarielieil Church
es. 5. It-has pervided'ill classes ' of more
ty: 6. The abiding fruits * of the 'Sikh have
been,manifested in the „ altered.A lives. and,
continua oftheseonder,,graciptatt influence ;
OM careless and ungodly hecciming anxious ?,
the drunkard sober, the ,profligate abandon
us vices an ecommg pure.
I shall, ?doubtless, bey called on to give a
weekly notice, if, spared,.of thittiremarkable
and, unexpected, spiritual eulargemenk,of, the
Kingdom of Christ inlreland. A number,
both of ,Thaltarians and -Romanieta, have
mittee meeting - or, t he • . p.onhet ooie,
ty, this week, delightful tidings were given
us by two Christian o fficers, Captains Orr
and Hawes, who had gone eirifiesly't-C Ulster'
to sea the work, and who , mingled repeatedly
amid the most glorious, scenes of. Divine,
manifestation. Oh, that it may i sprucLover
the whole kingdom And let all the converts
, Of the American revival of last'' , esti, and all
God's =people in the United 'States, pray
earnestly and, constantly that it may be so.
Hitherto we have , had little more • than the
noise and the shaking, or at but the skin and
flesh covered the - lifeless bones, but now we
want and' long for' the breath of God, - for
the throbbing. pulse:and , roseate hue, , and
stalwart vigor of a life, immortal and
and desire to pee the , dead standing on their .
feet, an exceeding , great, army.
INDIAN ArrelaiChave still their intaest,
eaßeoially,yith regard to a„freeJlible there.
Lord Stanley :aeries Weed
takes Inc piece, ser Sioristiry of Stole for Itdia.
It la - confidently hOped that the 'abiiininable
"mentrality " exclusion' of 5 the .Book= of
Book% from Governmenk Schools will, be
abolished. It Lee been denounced ntEdi,.
' hnrgh; at i..gicitT meeting at ihe
House, .LOrcton ' by 'the Lord Mayor him
' self, wo called it an ."infidel"policy, in
presence of all the Biiihops and many clergy,
to whom a dinner . was given, and also with
Lord Johnßasselful agneet, who sxreased
sympathy''with' the sentiments uttered,
while hinting at some difrionleici in the way
of easy accotopliihment of a eh:nee.
The late. Emit India Company had among
tomes several regiments of European
aoiaieni. When the government passed into
the ‘QUeeit's hands, theie troops expected
to-be ditibandea; and then to be re-enliated,
with; a bounty:, given . to each' man: The
Governor. CespereL-bas , refused •'this, and
voet„dissatisfaction,..,almost bordering on
Mutiny, has
,been the result. The-object
was to save money, and Lord Canning's
policy is generally condemned. Lord Clyde
baiallayed the• storm by a most judicious
order, for-inquiry, and hinting ta.thesoldiera
that., Parliament can bs approached by, peti
tion if there ire any grievances. : I . believe
Lord ;Clyde sympathises with the Men:
•As to the native mutineers, they are
becoining feiver every month, and num
bers of them are, constantly. !surrendering
themselves. The Netts and friends had re
oently. to fly from, one of his refuges, where
they=Were beginning to make large prepara
tions for resistance.
- SIR - JOHN' LAWRENCE wart this day pre
se cited witki, an addreps of . congratulation and,
approbation by. the Bishop of London, in the
name of seven thousand pubsoribers,.anclud
hag the officers of : the varioni Itliesionary
Institutions. In any next, I hope to describe
. the personnel Of this eminent "man, and 'the
incidents of the scene. .Meanwhile it is
werthy of teinembranee that this is another ; .l
and very effective protest_by the. great Bran
gelioal party against the Stanley anti Bible
13.L-.•lf :the-Allies - win a great" battle on ,
the ifilineio,,Pruesia, it likely to step in at a;
netraotor, and *raft will ,f!s seen,whethen,
an armistice with peace in yie*, men.
`.ffif extension `6l the war, is to 'c ome.
%mouth is in Italy with en a'Aid•ast ottanpf"'`
The Oburoh, has always contained some.
rather, eccentric reenibera r goribbigt, with very„
*V„,tty eenspienees. .I'3o "migrant I
woman, once went to Dr Gill, with her
loaded Bail; to receive Soneolation She
was much'grieved with the "fact that they '
were in the habit ef 41inging nnholy,tune&
sg Perhaps se,", said ,the Doctor;, ff
wiist tunes shall we sing ?" Why, iitivid'e
tlPeez raid
would be very goods If .you will 'get 011 .
siti4 of DOM'', tnwee;iviiirilpnive;
1,061 , ;: Ir4lAttrip RA ear
a ss;
-BriaiVerJat)thelOinpo,oll.s44trAttri tall PROOPZOTIIS
Calvinism Misrepresented and Corrected.
rs Calvinists . hold. that al beings and
events are bounit fast'in fate, so that every
hieg'ii, or lal rus '',pyde s , by an eternal ne
.essity, which ghisps the inevitable end,
respective of means, or voluntary agency."
Calvinists, in ac3oriance with Scripture,
believe and maintain, that fi A, not fatally,
but'freely created all things by the word of
his power, upholds them, governs them, and
"works a i ll.things according to the counsel
of. his own will."
galvipiets hold that God tie the author
of sin."
Cilvinists reject this opinion as bias
+ end. maintain that God is "holy
all his Worki," 'and 'that he neither "can
be tempted' with evir, , nor tempteth any
man." 'f,
if Calvinists hold that man in not a free
Oa the contrary, Calvinists maintain, that
"no violence is offered to the will of the
creature; nor haSwoa taken „away, but has
established the libertY, or, contingency of
causes." Without liberty, there
could be no resOnsibility.
" Calvinists hold that God from eternity,
Rod.uwithont reaped to moral character,
*med, the greater portion of the human
race to inevitable and eternal misery."
• Calvinists believe .and, *maintain, that not
a single human being is foredoomed to mis
ery, AT.cept for. his sins; for which he is
justly 'Under condemnation, and will be pun-
Idhed;'if belie in unbelief, according to his
: I . l C,alviniete hold that if a man be not
one,of the eleet—let him do what be will—
let hit repent, believe, pray, or be as good
as he_will--he will nevertheless perish.'
. :; ,0 1 n ,the _contrary, Calvinists believe and
majntain that,th,ere is no Bin so great as to
bring final oondemnarion on him who truly
retients—that all who truly believe in the
Lord Jesus Christ, shall be saved—and that
4 g whyronver confeeseth and forsaketh his
tins4all find'mercy."
"Calvinists hold that if a man be one of
the sleet,. lethim do what, he pleases, live as
Ind, be as worldly and as wicked as
hnlnay, cannot fall short of salvation."
It If sufficient to say in opposition to this,
that, Oalfirdists sinCerily believe and main
, airt,,thitt. t..(mithout holiness, no man shall
gee the :Lord!'
:"Palviniate.hohl that then** infanta in
hell not a span long."
At44l.einistsmiaddcticti l litiuktithtirulgar and
grass imptttitioir worthy of notiee, were it
pi9i so perpetually repeated, that simple pro•
le give the 'slander credit. It may be
itifficient to •say that Calvinists believe they
have "=scriptural grounds for maintaining,
that, although implicated in the fall of the
litst Adam, yet not having tranegressad niter
his similitude, infants dying in infancy, are
ie.ticemid and saved through the atonement
and . merits of the second Adam, the . Lord
"-Calvinism represents God in the light of
a Want, ralinghiettniirerse with a stern and
*arbitrary sceptre, an object of terror, not of
Calvinism, while it adores God as just and
sovereign in all represents
him as ;moil wise and graeious, diffasing
ih,ppiness :mei% all his holy creatures, vis-
Ot l ingwitb the ; riehest grecs and most, unmer
ited'mercy, the sinful 'rase of man, saving
many, and bearing with the guilty remainder,
es long as he deems it consistent With his
glory,, his holy purposes, and the general
*oil, being ,of his.universal. empire.
o.llvinkin represents Goa as partial, and
therefore nnj
If Calvinism represented God as favoring
the un'cleserifing "and "neglecting the merit°.
riorte ; is condemning the righteous, and
atlquittinip the guilty;. then, truly, it would
aspresent him as partial and unjust. But,
on the contrary, Calvinism represents the
Scriptural and self• evident doctrine, that
grace is in its own nature free. It teaches
that God has a perfect right to bestow, or to
withhold, that to which no creature, much
less a sinfacreiture, hasaiitle; that, there
fore, in bestowing or withholding grace, jus
tioe or injustice is out of the question, and
partiality without a meaning; that God le
merciful to pardon, accept, and save all who
sincerely, and in the true and Scriptural
sense of the words, -"believe in the Lord
Jesus Christ;" and that he is just to punish
all, who, neglecting the light of nature, or
. of revelation, persist through life in sin, and
die impenitent.
"Calvinism exhibits. God as mooking the
greater part of those to whom the Gospel
is sent, by offering salvation to multitudes,
for whom no ,providlon is made, even should
they, be williog•,to 'weep!, the offer."
Vulyinbup, oW tie contrary r teaohu! that
God mikes: uo,effer of saliation to those who
abide in sin, Whom he does not mock; but
he truly - wins them, that, if 'they continue
in sin,they continue under condemnation.
teacheslt there is -in‘Chriet a sufficiency of
Wo4tii3•AlitalgetifilltullivkillP 3 ellcuee to meet
tkgwkpte pf t all tuwbr,the Gmps' message
is smit t and that no sinner who comes to him
ouroid; for' - he is able to save to
the uttermost add that:come to God by him,"
ind wholfaul!ionbt.tbisatillbtgness? or who
caukfilar t th,t his Tiilliugnems may prove in
e!lP4o,l,ll ?, -
It may' be added that no system of. faith,,
held by Christians, has less to fear from
sotkorought investigation, in the light of
SeriptureisnArsonnd reason; and none more
!likely to receive injustice from.the influence
of,Trejudiee on the pions mind, or from the
natural enmity of the 'earner mind, where
pieffis w absenti against all that humbles
manixnd exalts the only true God and Sa
81,Lr Szencs.--Read '•not kooks alone,
!it men, cudiamong them chiefly, , thyself;
if thou findest anything queetirable there
the commentary of a severe friend,
ifithirlharethe gloss of a, "aviiitlipped fiat
4here is more profit in i distasteful
4141t1t1tliart delteitfal meatus.