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torlaft Banacri..l,4l, VII. Nes /6 I ' ' " ONE THING IS NEEDFUIo: 4 1 -4 HOTa HA *E t ESIRED OF. THE LORD:" **THIS ON E, THING I DCX'' WHOLE N link* ale
oriask Advessit.) Vol. XX, IMe. 48.1
DATID - MeKINNEY, Editor and Proprietor.
TE018, 77 1/1 ADVANCE,
' i lls Christian's Journey Home.
Chid4tlau brother, are you weary, I ,
Ae througll this stranger land you room?
13 your Raprway,dark and dreary;
Travali,n4 on. your journey home ?
Like it vessal tdssed and riven,
By the 'obean's billowy foam ; '
Christ skill to
Steer Yen yTar journey home:
DOOR•yOtir•lOSCOfigillit Oppress you ?
leavk r yiti,
• l i oiii4A:l4auljbuitttei home. '
41174 . .
Have the son; of earth forsook you,
God's ohoien band will"bid,Orteillobiiie
Join thieve. oitheirjetrney home. 4
Base thape nearest, dearest, left yon,
Prom,your fireside have they gone ?
Angel bands, have bid them welcome.
At the portals of their home.
Dear, with joy, the cross they've left you,
Press with eager boldness on ;
The same bright bands will crown you victor,
When you reach that heavenly home,
Lone :Retreat, Pa.
Prom the Presbyterian iferald.
The Proposed Commentary.
THE ATTACII. OF .THE PRINCETON REVIEW.
The relation I have long occupied to the
question 'of ,aOonimentary upon the Sacred
Scriptutes,Troposed under the auspioee of
the General Assembly of the Presby
terian Church', 'and in the sense of the
Standards of that Church, seems to make
it my duty' to' take some notice of ' the
remarks in the last number of the Biblical
Repertory upon the proposition which I
submitted to the Assembly at New Orleans;
touching that matter. These remarks, in
the Princeton Review, are attributed by the
press generally to 'Dr. Hodge, the editor of
that journal, and, I have reason to know,
justly. , They have made an extraordinary
impression on the conductors of Presbyte
rian newspapers, and have, I believe, been
published in all of them, both Old and New
School. Their personal bearing upon me ie
as direct as well could be; and their whole
drift ; would justify my treatidg them in a
manner, which neither the crushing weight
attributed to them by the New York Ob
server, nor the sense of inoompetenoy which
the Christian. Observer thinks I ought to
feel, but, whieh .high public eqnsiderations 7
connected.: with, the peculiar relations 'of
boar Dr. Hodge and myselfcto; the Fleshy
terian';.Churoh,,induce me ,to' forbear. In
onetrelqientiOelieve the tlewspaPer Pres
byterian iiiassejNivr School and
nnanimons, namely; that the remarks
of ,Dr. Hodfie lave a very striking sense,
whether ciur ;Standards have or not. And'
believe Ithey would be quite as unanimous 'in •
admitting; that tite' sense they attribute to
them is a :sense to which no one would ex
poet me to subscribe. It has been my good
fortune to agree with Dr. Hodge: 4,n - many
things,,and to Witness signal services per.
formed—by him on many great occasions;
It .has heen mymisfortune to differ from him
upon occasions equally: great—amongst the
rest upon the whole policy of our Church
in the day of its utmost peril, arid upon
most that has distinctly flowed from the
principles then , _avowen by the Church.
This question of a Cpmmantary lies in that
domatn—is one of the old 'questions—felt
to be great and difficult, but never before
assailed in any manner approaching that
now adopted by Dr. Hodge.
'Let us look back some years, and let me
be excused for any apparent egotism which
the truth of history may render unavoidable.
The Assembly which met in May, 1838,
was a memorable Assembly, the one out of
which the New School schism went; the
one which established the Board of Publi
cation. The first article of its Constitution
' is in these words :
" The General Assembly will superintend
and conduct, by its own proper authority,
the work of furnishing the churches Under
its care with suitable tract and Sabbath
'School publications, by a -Board appointed
for that purpose, and directly amenable to•
The fourth clause of that oonetitution
comakeneee thus : •
" To' the Exeentive Committee *
&lan belong the duty of selecting and pre•
paring suitable tracts and books for publi•
The Assembly of 1839, was ' hardly lees
memorable than that of 1838. In its bo- ,
som was celebrated the semi centenary of its
own creation. • It amended the Constitution
of the Board of Publication, so " as to re
quire said Board to publish •* * approved.
works in support of the great principles of
the Reformation, as exhibited in .the doc
trines and ,order of the Presbyterian Church,
and whatever else the Assembly may di•
reot;" and in another section it committed
to this Board " on behalf of the Assembly,
the publication of Such works, permanent
-arid periodical, as are adapted to promote
sound learning and trhe religion."
The same Assembly ordered the second
Lord's day in December following to be ob
served with 'religious Solemnities -in all our
churches, and that all our people should be
invited to offer gifts to God in grateful corn
theworation of the deliverances of the
Church ; and that these gifts should be ap
propriated to the objects, and under the
cars of the Board of Publication. Tiro
churches in Baltimore gave, under this re•
commendation, the money which stereotyped
Calvin's Institutes. Thus the whole power.
which I supposed to be necessary , to carry '
out the proposal I made to the last Assem
bly, was vested in a Board created for the
express purpose of exercising it, as a high
policy and duty of the ChurclOt the very;
period of . its greatest deliverance, by the ;
very men who wrought that deliverance.
The highest tribunal of the Church had as
serted and exercised the same power; in va
rime ways, for a long period previous to
1838. Nor do I suppose that any thing can
be more certain than that the principles on
which the Board of Publication is founded,
justify that Board in publishing the various
commentaries which have issued from their.
press,--under the generaVorders ofs the As.
Is it so, tbat tiCe order becomes
monstrouir as boon as it is made: special?
Let me poiot-ont, then, how the Assembly
has long,,,ago, sigaaliaed its views. oflthat
The _Bicentenary of the Westminster As- ,
sembly; which formed the Standards which
it seems to be argued';have'notinifo6 Sense
in mai , Church, occurred' 'ISM"- 'ln the
opening sertnerywhich it was , ray duty to,
preach heforp the, Assembly of 1542111 took
occasion to call the .attention of -the -body
distinctly to the s(it t ject, and . to suggest the
commeraoratron" of be event, a!pd .to point
out sonic .ofi the`futek to 'be
That ,disoeurse wasa .publithedi by , order of
.the Assembly, 41:141 its,syggestiona, taken up
by that bOdy,,Jvcret widAy k , dtirnead, '
thodox.`Preshyeriantf in this. corintry arid in
Britain heartilY and'geetrallY united in the
rsOlernii telelitation on tsf day,T j uiyit.l
01 1 . he, Assembly of 1842 ASPpAitea."
Robert J Breckinridge„;4 , Tohn Krebs,
Charlei Hodge , Drury Lacy, Williani i
Phillips, Alexander Macklin, Ueorge Howe„,
Rot , Stuart, Benjamin M. Smith, and
'ter," a standing committee out of
ody, to carry out a portion of its
eingus; and ordered them to report
to le next Assembly. They made an elab
orate report to the Asserribly of 1843, which
was read and. referred to a csiinthittee con
sisting of Messrs. James Hoge, John Mao=
lean, John C. Lord, Lewis W. Green, and
John Johnston. On the particular subject
I am discussing, the Standing Controittee
appointed the previousyear, had ruled the
language in its .report,..:
"It is hardly too much to say that the
greatest deficiency of ;our. Church in this
country up to the present moment, is the
want of a sound s thoroUgh complete and
attractive Commentary upon the' entire Bi
ble; a-Commentary conaposed in the seise
of our Church formularies, and throughout
tonformable to our views.. Nor is it too
rounkito add, that the lack of snob a hook
has left a gap through which our fandlieis
and congregations have been constantly ha
ble to an inundation of hOoks obnoxious 'to
the most serious objections; and by Means
of which, shallow views of' religion ' have I
spread, `wholesome irnpressi t ons have been'
effaced,' the influence of our" doctrine * and
order been weakened in our own body
evils .produeed; the 'extent of Which' it, is
impossible to estimate. Nor can we ion=
, cerve of a more valuable or appiripliate ser-*,
vibe which could at 'this time be aiiidered
40 our Church and to the reading world,
thantbithis Assembly to take such steps'as
will secure the preparation and 'publication
of just . .such a Commentary as we need."' '
Responsive to these ideas, the Standing
.*Committee, in , the fourth of the six Wiffaint.
mendations made to the AilseanblY,sadvise it '
:thus, , T., - 4
" IV: Tike such further der ' as will lie
needful to causeto belralptate n d&Mak
from time to time by the General Assembly,.
a a'omplete, rbut comprehensive Coinmentary.
on the whole Word of God, expounded ae
,cording to the system embodies' in all onr
Standards, so that this greal and necessary,
work'being fully accomplished, otedengrel" -
gations may have a Standard exposition of
our whole doctrine; and not he exposed, as
they now are, in that regard , ; and so. that *,
this work may be connected, at - least in its.
.origin, with this memorable occasion, and
.be •published as it shall be from time to time
The Committee of the Assembly 'of 1843
in its report to that body on- the previous
report of the Standing Committee of 1842,
recommend "to the Assembly; to adopt,
with some modification, the propositions re
ported by the Committee of the last General.
Assembly ;" and the Assembly did thus
adopt them. Their fourth recommendation
was adopted in the following form :
"4. Resolved, That the fourth proposi
tion orthe Ccitrimittee of the last Assembly,
respecting the preparation of a Commentary
on the Holy Scriptures, be referred to the
Board of Publication, with instructions to
report thereon, tb the next Assembly."'
Here, then, we have this monstrous spe
cialty considered by two successive Assem
blies and their committees, and -very care
fully edquired into by the second of the
two ; without any suspicion' that what was
proposed' was, in its nature, a-kind of in
tense Popery—in its form based on the fal
lacious idea that the Bible and our Stand
ards had both .a sense capable of being sta.
tad; and relying for success on the futile
supposition that the Chirolv contained men
capable of doing the 'work.:
I am not able to discover that the Board
of Publication made any report to the As
sembly Of 1844, under the order of the
previous Assembly. Ido not knoir whether
or not it has, at any time, in any, report to
any Assembly, made any particular allusion .
to the subject. I have no certain knowl
edge of the present opinions of those who
control the operations 'of this Board upon
the subject.'" T . am aware that for some time
past it has been issuing Commentaries upon
portions; of the Word of God.; %and. rem'.
lect,iat the moment, one preparedby Daille,
a. Frenchman,- long deceased, and one by
Mr. , Jacobus, a Jiving- minister of our
Church. both of whom they judge, I sup.
pose, accord with our 'Standards. Ido
not i oiled that Our General Assembly :Ilse
taken any particular action on the Subject
since 1843. But in the subsequent fifteen
years, an unprecedented number of works
has been published by ministers of the pres
byterian Church in this country, calculated
to promote exactly what the .proposed Coin
memory would, I suppose,. still more gen
erally promote, of which a large proportion
has been expository. In like manner there
has been a great increase in the circulation
of Commentaries and other religious books,
liable to all the objections stated 11).: Vat) ,ex
tracts I have already quoted. 'lll both re-_
spects i lherefore, it appears' to tti e that•the
reasons for the pre,paratisin 'of'suali. a com
mentary as I suggested:-tethe'AsSenably in
1842, are much strengthener 4 snide the
evils proposed to be remedied are greatly:
increased, and the means at the disposal of
the Church for •remedy thereof are, also,
every, way increased. In this view of the
matter, 1 drew up and offered to the last
General Assembly the minute which seems
to be so cordially disapproved by Dr. Hodge,
Which has been Widely 'published, and Ale
substance of which is to the followingff''ect:
1- That the Board , of Publication shill .pro
teed to have the Commentary composedqind
PUBLICATION OPVICIVRIZETTE-AVINOMM I tt iITREET, ABOVE SMITHFIELD, PITTSBURGH; PA
FOR THE WEEK ENDING SA
publiihed. 2. That it shall be prepared by
members of one Church, who shall' have fad
indnlgenCe ass; to , timoi and qfairt compensa
tion out of the profits of the work. 3. 'llke
Commentary shalt be fitted for common usg;
map' be; both drigiiial and !comp'did; shill
b.eotlinoderate ssizei , and shall •innorporate
the' true text • oft the common English ver-
Rion.get the fittestAnen, the Assem
names to be 'no,
and the Boar
conldi not ; :,be.
whole snloject• i , a
tiroe to ( pass thk
COMmentary upon'the *hole -
composed in the sense of the constant faith
of the Church of God, as that is briefly set
forth in the Standards of the Westminster
Assembly,"‘which are our Standards. And
the want of Such a Commentary is declared,
very briefly, to have been long felt to he
grievous ;. the allowance of that want bythe
Church to be a great lack of due service to
God* and to his truth; and the effect of it,
constant- danger to men, of needless igno
ranee, on one. side, and of -dangerous mis
guidance on the other. Such :is the porten
tous projeet which I have ,rurrtinated for
many years; which I submitted to the As
sembly' cif 1843, and again to the Assembly
of 1858, which both Assemblies received
with great interest and apparent favor, and
both so .disposed of as to provide ,for its re
ceiving a more thorough, consideration;
which; at length, seems to have arrested the
attention of the whole Church. Suggested
at first in , c , ery' Close relation to theconsum
mation, of the great deliverance of the Church,
and thoßicentenary of theNestminster As
sembly ; suggested the second
,time, in con
nection with the hundredth anniversary. of
the' healing of a great schism, in the Church,
and to an Assembly which by unanimous
votes defined the . position ',of ;the Church
touching an (Vote union , with the New
School Sonth arid toucliing all attempts
upon OteEngliiiki version of the Bible; I
am readyto confess that however lightly the
Parentage of the. proposal may he esteemed,
the associations wbich attend, its birth and
progress, not less than those ; which distin
guish niuch of the hostility ithas awakened,
appear tome toJbe . vroydiy of note.
Will the reader's 'reflect at moment `on the
proposition, itself;.,in conneXion with what...l.
have now i provedAo be its,nature origin ob
jects-and rectorate ? Does_,any, one , : ,; 'objeut to
sound,, godly, and thorough Commeniary,
on 'the Whole Word God? Does ''any
Presbyterian deny , 'that the. faith ",..4,f, Ahe
Phurehtof.: GrodlikOmetteionitilik—that tt
that faith; and that a sound, godly, and
thorough Commentary on the whole Bible,
ought'to be in that sense ? Have we any -
auch 'Commentary,. or Any- need of it?
not the lack, of. it grievous want 4, and
long felt to be so , ?, not the continued al-,
lowance of a state of the case, a great leek'
of due service to God,lnd to his truth
And .are not men in danger of :contintilliginf
ignorance which we might remove, and of
dangerous misguidance, which we might pre
.vent ? ' It dOes seem to me that eiery one of
thefaetit and principles asserted or Birdied
in the proposal I have made, must be felt
to be perfectly clear and certain by every
sound member of: our. Church, who is, not
blinded by some foregone canclueron. Then
as to the mode of - obtain ift the desired
COmmentary. Is there any way to' do this,
except to use all existing „materialsy rand
create new materials by the diligent labor of
competent persons ? , Are ,there on,< earth
persons more competent to prepare in this
wnyoutel. a Commentary as we'need,lthan
are to be found in the'bosom 'of our own
Church; provided- due time and means be
allowed them ; and a is there any imaginable
way of gettino , the right persons more
raising than by allowing the Synoda'andithe
Board of Publication to nominateia-fullilist
to the Assembly, and letting the . Assenbly
select the best out .of this, list?.`.ltre there
any hands More suitable
, thart these, ofithe
Assembly, in which to place the actual power
and general control of such an ' - enterpOsi.;
or any agency more suitable 'than that of the
Board of Publication for actually, managing
the practical working of the scherno? Is
there a solitary power either asserted or im
plied, as residing id the Asiemhly er the'
Board 'of - Publication, that (fees not
exist in them ; ,.,and the'exercise' of which is=
notlikely to be Most benefieent,,inAthis par—
ticular case ; ? . And can .anyhody derti:ot that
when the work shall have beenencoessfully
accomplished, it will be a service acceptable
to God prove a miner of wealth to the
Board, a monument of glory to the ;Church,-
and a means of comfort and growth-in gracef
in this world and of eternal life in the world
to come to, many of the redeunied of the
LOrd through'itiliity 4 . 6neratiens? No doubt
the work proposed *a one of -great labor,
n3uoh difficulty, , and` itmg 4ime::‘ , Ncl doubt(
some serious. obstacles, .and, innumerabW
frivolous and captious objections maybe sug t
'listed Who ever proposed any great un
deitaking that was'not assailed in a similar
Widely different from all the: 'foregoing
conclusions, seem to be those -, i.which Dr_
Hodge has ,reached. As far,as Trani Able,to
gather the conneeted sense of IbisTomarks,
he seems to consider the propoial which I
submitted'to the last AsseMbly liable to such
fundamental objections as the following':'
1.. That there is no such sense capable of
being attached, to the whole Soriptures them
selves, as 0 1 0 any Commentary upon the
whole of their' An be made in the uniform
sense any siandard'of interpretation. al;
That':- there , is . no such: sense. of the, Westfr
udoster. Standarda,that the-Church can UnnA
dertake to interpret even, the whole of, them
with recision and uniformitn much less
any one interpret the whole, of the'
:Scriptures in any supposed 'sense of those
Standards. 3. That even if both theseideas,
were unfounded and the work I '-have pro
posed were both desirable and ,pricticable ;,
We ere so far froM being 'able to have it
done; that the'Church does not .emitainoirrd'
neVer did contain,-one man capable of doini
such work ..as is proposed. 4: By way of
sort of general judgment, he prononneekthe,
prorsal, in.its nature, And upon the record,
" more than all the , . pea, Who everlived,
meiAe'd in one, wont are 'propose." " A
thousand fel& more , tliati /Home, when. most
, drunk , with pritie;ev*verdured to attempt."
I readily admit 'that ip • trying to condense
the' sense -of flanguigt styerfttuardinary, and
of statements so tliorepighly4tartling in their
apparent meanin,"lsllo4.4r liableqc miss
the precise ideacidAge Int* of the writer.
1. I readily admit that there maybe many
isolated statements of the. Word lof God,
tali& yield us,:a4 present, no .clear sense;
many which are difficult to reconcile with
each- other; man3itmore which have been
grossly misinterpreted. t; Still further, I 'eon
fess that all unfulfilled prophecy is more or
less obscure; . lend that #1 Scripture probably
has aspects, and the mat= of it may , be per
, ceived to have - aspects, *hich transcend our
powers of: .clearapprehenSioro 'llderty, how
ever, the truth- of tiny general ,statement that
the doctrines of Scripture / are •obseure; ogits
system incoherent, or ;it parts dubious:
These Scriptures are an , , Rule,
whereby , man may know thow , to accomplish :
the'ehief end of . his being in glorifying and,
enjoyingAsd ; . and ; • they , elearlx teach ne,
what wfs.are i to,believe concernieg,God r apd
what Atity .Goi• requirei of us. ' presume
Dr. Hodge, will:admit this. If so, r hie.stats,-
manta tending to, show from the in
hensibility of certain .portions: teod?.B
Word, the folly; of attempting to : comment
on the whole Word, as ; though _ ; it had . any
certain and pervading sew, can =eau no
thing,,to ;the purpose * puless. _they; mean, a
great deal too much >:, They are 41.61*n1Y
very strange statements ,0,..1)9 made, by, one
officially a •teacher of the: sen s e of this very .
Bible, appointedll this very" Church; un-,
" less their, design- were to prove that it only
in Theological:Seminaries that • the Church
can properly ; clothe , men with snchfunctiens.
If we dc, t not know and cannot , ascertain;
enough : abont the sense of the Bible to yen-,
ture to say what that •sense is; let every
mouth be 'stopped. If otherwise, let us ,not
make statements to affect a h pa . rticulai object,
or to defeat an imaginary one which nabedy '
ever propor[ed,.3vhieh,appoctrAo be derogatory
to the Scriptures and fatal 4 te every. attempt
to interpret them. Dr..11,44ge teaches rte.,
i l oktgbil% ignintAellt 41the , Chnrahl,
- one oside ; his t •
7711Sri iriffilliffee 3 . „llls7lllVoimeideni . them
infallible.. But evertene oonsidensboth hiss
eaching and his pornmentauj q i , valuable.
' fhe were requestod"Ay the 'Allserubly, to
;compose a,COm,megtary l on Geuesie, pad ' the,
,-Board of . .Pubtic atign
~w,ere . directed i toiptili,,
„!lish.it, neithel.,tho 4 ol„reh, nor,laitosolf o par,
: I tlie : I werld, would puppw,that,,Qammvtory l
was any more obligatory on anybody, than
' his lectures ory.4lieplogy 4 , 7 itre. In, effect, the,
- General Assembly has no power '••• i t ii great,,
ly to be doubted , if the whole , Church -,haa
any, to enlarge
.our, doctrinal.. Staudarols;t
and surely there is stiiiill . grrunci for alarm
in that direction,; wheu:the, - Standards, as
they are, are, assumed to bitrge..and suffi
cient, as the very him of . thejnterpetatioris
which are so fiergeltopposed. n , n .. .-,•
2. I confess I am not able to seeohowtha
statements of Pr. Hedge ,00ncorsdng . ,tliei
sense of the Standards of our,Plpirelti eau:
be ; so construed ,as .to % mean. anything l9lge *
than that whichth e Preebyterianwse, Obi
School. and New p ilmus riudetst96,4tliero .to,
mean; namebra: 44keefinee li e Doctrine. .
But, even supposlngibr;4o l 4.hisikneariiil,
and the meaning pf 01, a.:Chtirish also, it af
fords no argirment,either, againitl i the Com
mentary, or against the sense of 'the Staid
arda,lieing a rule of iriterpretitikn , v Mime,
substance of ; .Doctr i ne ,is a ride, old ,they„
who Ifold'ithava a perfect right to ily,it.'
It is only where ii'initii holds this r ule,.thicl
fears that' his . Chnieh'Will apply' a dxfferent•
and, perhaps a' etilatir i diie,,thatite t rise of
an argument of this sort liiisisiiitgitifiVinee,
in opposition to 'thefpriiPoued 'Commentary.
Feannot suppose it to bctooseible that Dr.
Hodge 'holds the' •Niews hie words lite Under
stoodlo convey. FiTeili 0014 part, I'leoii
aider•thiateise 'Of our Standar& extreraely .
'clear . antrilaffoia . i to the -*hole extent of
tiny - potisible'ikle . to" irliiehrWey'eait be ap
plied"in 'Ate ' compOsitiOn -efilhe trpicilibeed`
chniihentary ; jail' al:l4lhyr.ikfilfirit for the'
:purpose of ministeritd!'irof Mid in;
strnotion, and for proferiall.teaehing. It
is because I beliefe them to ottriCtlly true
in their clear and uOifotoiliensio, , that I de- .
dire that Bente id, 'beNiidertiOnlelii'llie°
Commentary; and'it iiibeciatise Tfeel allured
that the overwbeimingi mass, of, our, Church
has a • similar appreciation o(hens,,that . .l 6
cherish .a settled hope that, such a Comic's-,
'as I siiggest, f will 'be SOU; or lime; Buie'
, . ./
to be-prbddoed. 'Add , thefert - state 'of the
general' Mind. ofibe..tnitirobsiolit,:of ;Which'
the Commentary\ will ; rowiAsill.be, psrpetup
ated by the tuse,_pf . ,,tho,,ComAneniary itself i .
and so the precious trutht;determinately set ;
tied' by these, atter'flieVOrei:if 'God; will
be vivified in return byAliatiblesaed 'Wordt
•:3. What -Dr. Hodge !says- with , . regard ito
the utter ineompeteney.,of his ,brethren (or i
the work proposed, like, much ,el se in s his
critique, must be :judged of entirey by l i te
apprehension one has of the work that mall?
is proposed- We cannet•ftuppcitai for 'a Into
ment, that he wmild.adruit.thetlompleia*ea
he has written to be inconsistent. with . Om
sense Of the Standards 'of his '' Chtiroll;_, or
that - he would heeitate to admit ' th at theft;
are'a*hrindred mertiii , our Church• elpablei
upon due study .aud..,refleotion,lofArrithig
ciommeptwries,4B rsially . in the segao,of, cut;
Standards es his are. This Ix d rig
~so,f i lia
einphatid decliliaiiin that not a single: mail
.bxists, 'or ever • exitAd in . the Chuieh' corn.
patent fto perform- the work • proposed,
amounts to no. more, than that having first
wholly misstated wha,t i the work proposed r was i
he would diseredit a perfectly practicable
'and extremely iniportent work, by asserting
that no'one oan pgrforni another work that ia
impopible, and that •was never proposed.
, t9pmppped. 421 the pen so of the aunatent
-faith of th? Cheoh,of God, as that,ii briefly
I - : .• .. ...,,D ,44.,.tar :J . :. 4..1. ~.. .1
. i.v:'.l kf . . A
IDAY,:SEPTEMBER 25, 1.855.
't~ '~`' a
set forth in the Standards - 43 f the Weeks:Lin-
star Aseiembly :" is the *Awe' of the
work*roposed. Dr. Hodge has thus .00m .- .;,
posed the commentaries he has publiebe4
or else those. Commentaries, are not " seund ? ;
godly and thorongh:". Whithe has done,
is possible '`•to Men;_
and :Church 'his
others, doubtless, twho, she-inay , hope, -may
do the like when duly called thereto. More
.4 s, no <oee that I know of, has, ever:
rd ; and alithe extravagant assertions
intrary ire 'foimded, so far 18 I am.
d, in mere delusion—as my printed
in 1843; and,my printed Minute
[early show. How many score.; of.
=Addresses, Sermons andßooks; has 4
ink* . and then eiderekto i
's'otirik ( mNleetltolo44 l :*
that i anyiof them.2becames u.pax . toly
-thereby, < or• to argue that no: iimb.;'
)ughtito be thusldemagded, : because
kl,„„,*(0 0 .1i•i" ;
the:. ' fo. y, ta;
give " the-sanction of the Cnitreh, toa given;
interpretation of every passage of Scripture" .
—and as being "a thousand fold more.than
Rome, Whin most drunk with pride, ever.
ventured to propose ;" is a perversion of;
what I proposed, altogether absurd,, an,
application of terms to my endeavors'for the
glory of God, for which it is difficult to Mid
an explanation on the face of the tiansee-':
tien. Dr. Hodge thinks bettor - of the Church
of Rome than I do: so that his rebnkemay .
look sharperipa me than it does to I :
have had some occasion to kilo* What that
Church'is, and what she <<• harp done: . But it
has. notlaccurred that I discovered in ; her, or.
concerning her,,any . thing,, even . . in, .her
berest moments, that was a thousand fold
tettei than leilVg.'sealotis for instrietiOn,
of the 'world in the true kriiiiiedge of G6Bl .
zealous' for aheimairitainatioe • andthe
• sioXottbe truth Avuo, • And pro
bably - Bowe were allowed, to &Adis, the
aa t ' " *a t
question.m . r. go,,A e t won pc,
small hesitation Whether' oftvgiir
beetlMrved lift. - and 'imitatedllier, lietirlio
sought .46. 'engage the Peesbyterian Churole
in the preparation and wide difinsion K. "pf
sound, godly, and thororkh„:o4*Meitary,
upon theidole WO,rd of Clod, 6446101 m the sense 'of the constant 'nigh Ceti - 1401MM
.of God? as 'that is' 'brie* Setii;•foith the
Standards -of the Westminster Assembly;
er he who ;sought to ~discredit and • defeat
thatattempt. < • . '
In this whole matter,.long and elimonely.
,evolved in my' Mind; I have, eadeadbred
i'n!'•all . lothers :wherein . I have sought-to
serveloy Master andamy <generation ? 4to
in•4ot goQdifa t k7leesTfgFo6.d
mediate ;results, ihark,of founda..<
denewelf.liken4yek. ',ten any Comb
inefitary for the press ; -
,it is"iihifltotr late for
twbegin. _ )Butionne can beimornsensi-
We Am' am. of<the:Vostimportagie of such
N/Rlin the study 0fq04:6-17,0jPPA-•
or , av : any ir t and
think enlightened . touching the' i - delly
wants Of' heVeartilyaf*Chriet4 . .ifieople
in this country , thee : o4 #Ley,grp4l7 need
such a Commentary as I'lniveftvice proposed
: that our General ! , :kgisenibly; . ` should -have
in'epared dr their' use 'My former failure
roust be attributed ? I suppose; 'chiefly:to :the
Roard'..of Publication. , If a second s shpul4
901=00046e, mainly ; due t nrobably,, to the
• influence of "the'Seminary at Princeton.
Say all thie ), AritlieUt theleast•bitterieSS.' Kurt
the Ciente deite'r analeVevery , &id
take the responsibility of his •own. acts..
• Rom. J. BRECKINILTDGE.
.Dairuille -Sy. August 1858. • .
From our London Correspondent. •
.. Out, of Town," and London as it Nally is l -The
Holiday makers--Aristocratie and Midege Cleyts
—The Ragged Sehoola—Their Holiday, and Lord
Shafisbury—The " Correspondent" outOf Town
—Kent and the AlmVs—The Pier and'thei Ships
• Aiming by 7 -The 'Flihing Fleet and Whitebait
Dinners—Belvidere sind- , Sir :C. E. E Cidley—
Saba Moping, an the New Church,—Dr.
Tait, and the Missions Societyi
- A Sabbath Day
at Riehester-- 2 The C hedria, the SeVviee,ltit
the 'Sermon—Oar a B thren "'of Rome,'and the
Eastern, Churehes—TA Nave and the Working
, Classes—Great . Newsom -China—lts -.Aspects
on Politic.s Business ,Religion—The
siona and Mr. • Ptinci—Mr. 'Shaw's .Letter;-,-
Samuel of Oaf°, d—Postscript. -,,i '
--.. . 2 Nita Ltsniort, August 27:
..... fmr. =I IP , . ... 1 " . 4 ,
Ouroylown,ouee more. Yes, althongh
sixty, tl4s,nd ,pecplel,,pass over , ; London
bridge every Jay, and , Cheapside .on•,,its
side paths is. thronged, and in ite i great
thoroughfare is !dmost chokeokup at, tijoes =
though at the Bank' and Exchange crossing,
country visitors need„ if p9ssible - , to look
four wim at opoe, so as rict , ,to be sqrmslied
hi , tht3giringed, yet' ponderous
~ wagpn,; by
the °umbra= qinnibus,, or, by the . swifter
oat-all .";London ' is . out of town " At
13 O'' o l6olE P. M., mercha nts-Greek, German,
'Amerfoin, 'English-;-still do congregat# 1 1 4-
der the statue'of Victoria, within - the Royal
EX-change ; all day long, river . eat's, Croak
ed, ply swift'and fast from Wlstminster and
Iltingerforir to . ''Blaiikfritin t. ind Lpiton
'bridges, 'and' 'in il Glits•thatnes ' i30r0!,; 'iiid
Northern " merry lelingiOn," 'Mtdtitiades
`tread, the pave , as night shadows begin I to
Sweet ;and up olborn and . along 0#44
ante is a goodly, multit ude i ever
,iiiiiing oi `;' and ,Ctringer 'forms,
picot a ' in' hind, ',are seen to
ininetO r Abbey 'Mid St. Pird'i'• ' and' the
'British linkeu'in, three days in tse wile*,
receives and w elcomes uncountabbir viel#s
I =-Yet,'lOndori t is''" fiat of iolin."
• . Through ' Spitalfields Mit ' Whitoilikipel;
'Beth*, Gieen, Stepnei, and' WapPingr .7 l
Londim 'city prop e r and , Linden Metropol i .
tan. 7 go where you'`will,', tam:mini life nieraist
.'you ;' iiidirithin the " Bills' of mortality,"
.at this Moment, are two millions and a half
reflexly, *amen and.children ;:yet-London
kii • r " out 'of towk" '
' The aristocracy—Lords, commons, jiilses,
litiilri'liere, Squires; Generals; antiptilite7
'tient retired from • iiiii . fieting tradt4l ii-al
~i ota; `"the upper iiii' thousand r e-iiiiiil
hum proportion of, merol , mte and trmiesigen,.
ifild clerk's v iceen4l . o 3 te, too, as well as
literary men an'tiihiiters, with their fait&
: If4 .. are "Out of 'town:" 1 ' . ,
The West : End, too—Mayfair, Belgr a v ia,
`Kensington, giyawater—mourne with closed
reltutte6), Iv silent, lonely'grief, while
". Jeames," the ,f9ot e man, and thtt
'Tints, ake' *on • board' wages, and,,, for the
Present, their " Occupation's gone? . •
• ' Then, the Public Sohdols are' all aimed.
Go and stand in Newgate 33tree And, VIZ
ii thiottlitilie railings , ' , On 'll Vot
' l7 lit' -1114 to kiki n , ~ , is: t, ; ~. ,
one 7 4 g, ,ka la t e col me
t . ../, a. to .1. .• i 1...• a 4
of :44e re> gn ,of V 1.,), in. -
spacious play,..grownd of Opines . , Hospital;
the. •,eloisters. of. St. Paul's School,' of the
city - of , London and , 'Merchant Tailors'
Sewell!, as well as of „maiiy,inorlewont to
nrig.tazly, the shOtttel.4,the pupils, all
are,eilent. - • •
Aye, and for one day to the year, at
least, even•the.twebtrthree thousand Ragged
School children, of the metropolis are, by
„generously provided by an un weary -
itrailged With a day out
ofotoarn. It is a gratifying thing to be able
iota yen this . Most of the little ,
orestules : have, i perh,aps,. up, to this. •,veryi
month, never seen a green field. SlnEt,l% )
in the murkiest and noel ..unhealthy
Ihries - MOVAPd (lanai of 1 11 4.41144QPPA•
"Tens of thousands atom** imebalrellitotia•
Idtfistlibisimons smokes ,' Ad' steams,
•• tattling IcOms;" '
. _ '
oifilkirwilts-taffer-trewienng Adoe ,
lolleirtrfe - nt t " towietrah4trertesi thin the
owe •:vilth, 'Children! P*ll6 steigl i itA: %TVA%
quantity of oxygenized air l; -All honor -to
the practical. philanthropy of the Shafts.
bury schools, which is
_not content with
dreatne, but deeds, and Which adopts the
system of giving these children—gathered
from the lowest class, yet so docile and
trainable—periodical treats; two or three
times in the course of the' year. "In the
Winter," says Lord S., "let them have a
good tea, and in Summer take them out
into the open fields, there to disport them
selves, for a few houis, and enjoy, under
the canopy of heaven, all the beauties of
God's creation." This good man, after a
long campaign, of disinterested -toil for
almost every good cause beginning at No
vember and ending in August, i,s;,,„at present
at dig German waters, from w hich he, has
oft relenbd'inu l oll benefit. Oat one of hie
last aets'wsidito follo4 Up an appeal; (witten
;by, your " correspondent," in the Ragged
!School Magazine,) bywriting to friends and
securing a-sum •of rubnoy stlffibientrto giVe
every Rugged School child in 'London, a day
out of town. ,
As I generally take my American readers
along me in My oeciA l ional jOnneys,
lifttitat them to come with me, either by
rivet* /rail, into the . county of +Kent, in
oldet' Aims the soil which furnished the
famous boWmen who, under the Blac k,
Prince, won the fields of ,Cressy and Aghs
court,. In itself, ,whether; ysl499o4Wyeir
fine uplands, it's ancient woods,itsxielt„ -,
its old aneestortifiktior'.liOnees,iiii
naval and rifillteirerieinili, - 'ind the tiro '
great 'rivers, thdialbames sand , ithe • Medway,
up) first i of wkinleileTes its, Eastern ,borders,,
and ‘a.l.-(411/11101AnihrwntYPin, tha W est,
joins wantri butary mes the' rus h of
ihritibeat oiaWkid 'ib the sealtenti
is a glorious region of Old England.
My "out of town "Is'not far off London,
'for lam not friii4,4viadt Pall'oconpation
• it i vastoral,,suitittteeranyraesterairs.ofiri4 ,
clerical brethren , are, or to enjoy r like them,
a thorough, holiday in some home, retreat, or,
continental . tour. Neverthelese, am'' out
of 63%f0n the' most of'thb' weelf,PCakittPtile'
beet'of. it; link:have reason? tikbkihankful.
My Tooting plane is E—, on the Thames.
My wkndews look out on gardens, harvest
fields, a long avenue of old trees,. leading nn
to •a• family* 'emit, now in decay, *is
called: by sane • "ItheiMannted House," ,
' where there is shown an iron safe, unopenedl.
at_the side 4, ati4pl,4 l fashioned, fire-place; in
which " tlfy ,tls_bontl n ot w.,mar
dered Man'rest, equip age of
carriage and horse/nil eget' nigh* repairing
up .the • avenue ! 'However, on• closer in
quiry, the " ghost'! .a fable 6 in. .two'
senses:; as there has • been, no ennhanurder,
and.aszin these days " hauiftedhonsili
oept houses , haunted brthe evil spiritii, 'of'
inquipenice, and, distiord---are:
coming frriw every, year.
The sight from ,the pier ,of E—, is st
all times interesting. • All night long, a
band of coast-guards, part' of a disciplined,
naval' force ,of six thosieend men, et feaSt,
stationed' roundthel;"*.i'lliih"oaakita and,
stores; keeps a shrtip,lOA•ont for .any poser
bley smuggler, which, in the shipa of +a: fish-r
ing,boat,- yaoht, or+ schooner, might" try ti
run n 19 the rive - wit ., l gonlir H r. haitill;pirit4o
$'14,1"63.4:"1,,1Nh'51a; men, stand,,,
ing by your si de, tell you what is the char 7,
aeter,and what destination of almost
every aPp - ttit passesinwards Lull outwards,
from aid s htlinity steampliik,
which' regulate the entire Pilot - age "oft the
river, onward through attainments for Stkithiriiii
Hgehergi Belgium, and ,, graitte,iwitik great ,
merchant_ " c oming , ,frMitlafrif9wed
up the'river by tug-steamers. 0
to the right, you see
fleet of fishing ; hcat.N.liiiic)l., i fvry morning
bring their silter` - epoilie as ore, and nary
them' offby :for itlin"iLcindona
Amongst • the. tisk
All the WAT,I4-r knows that e-YALY/a3i.ear
Majesty's Ministers, just ,befnre, rtheAlnse, ot
the Parliamentary SeisiOn, - go down. re
ir"4l444bleil f dii&W "A
" The Star and (starter." The white
may be described as smeary small spnittwith+
silver sides. , ,is one of.the choicest of,
British luxixries. ; Only', the thump : ,n 4
that in one spot nearlY opposite E—, pro
duces them. They Theykre cooked on a hot'pan
or griddle; iritlitaftbatter ofclard and flour,
and arelbre.ag het° the table- fried, and very
lif/tt ' - 6 Twftvitel firg..ilpd you eaP,
thjmetok, iTts i fteaAjtet n or brovm
E4eid, " i d ewe: drnEp .ovfr the
air They ' drTe veirteidek'
. and•tflue,ntrudilf tiny American °lnnis Ito
Lpitori next:Sumner, let hip gob to Andes
ten'o.lfotel,,Fle . egy i ect, and he cantrythe l
lux.nry and judgefor , himself ! at Moderate
expense, and follow up tlibvihrtelait, (for it
A , but the first 6.isise at `dinner,)-With a'
joint of fine lamb, mutton, or 'of " the .roes
beef okold, England!! The cost of, white
gait is generally three shilling!' ierogr tint s ,
When, trey are scarce, they.are alles4tietole
that • • ‘ r
One Sibbitifeday at
was spent infqtriet, and, isit *eke, in' din
prise. Lhnd thrl privilege, of beth„,rsg, and
toorship, ybichto,me, as tn e many4Slier
bOrers, is rare. Sir Culliriggaidley, iglu"
name is welliknown in 'the Uniik States:
and over Eukope, an 'the Chairm l iti (Mite
Evangelical Allianoe,-reaides at I Retividere,i
close at hand to c E---. Some, ypirs.a9go i
he built a church " of wood, in hie,heauAttl,
denies* and tri ed to unite the Church Lit;
orgy with free prayer, and the prelic' hing"'Ne
afOdirgregatitnalininister? He' ditithigtin
the; meet oatholio ,, opiritri4midgvidiaupelPar
Philailelphla, 111 South Tenth Street, below
By lialVor at the Ogee, $l.OO per fear, sisz pßospz
Delivered in the City, 1.75 II IS
Dissenter. But the experiment did not
succeed; more than this, there was a fearful
spiritual famine in the district; as far as the
Englisili Church and its people 'were con
cerned. Sir C. stepped in, and in a noble
spirit, built and endowed a beautiful church,
with schools, atLessness Heath l just outside
his demesne gates.
I shall not speedily forget the Sabbath
morning.walk, from B— to this churob,
or my converse with " navvies " and " bal
last-men " by the way,•about things Divine.
Sweet it ,was te enter-the house of God, and
• see and hear a iiedly,lriangelical clergyman
in the desk, and in, dielinpit Sir Culling
ly,, Wilt there with . all kr: ' family, and with
,nests and ° Pr '°,l4agglaW of dn't4tnti°!)
F01t14 331 44 T V.° a v ail' 4 3 ° I a gwa g ene • r i g
COpgragatlart; , with. nrunOtkabje
, texta of;
E vangelio ',import emblazinted, i roued the
'chancel, * and mediinvid Arches and vanitea
f ePr chiN to the
sk r:/ k il j E i rjet truti4
's - Wr*lis to th - Cirlr er . ..
1 04 5 1' A
1 044,0- . 0 9 34° °°"tea a and;,..
c e W9! °J.&WM . _ 4° Ptha A I lit;
railway station (close at banj tliel, piSh i jip,
of London and his lady, go dg h_nno,eisr4
after having j ust left Belvidere. T6t, via
of the . Bishop was not without fruits. . The ~
former Bishop of London war bigot enough.
to forbid, some years ago, theuse of a church
in his Diocese—so long granted before—ftS::
an annual sermon on behalf , - if the London '
Missionary Society. Dr. Tidman, the Sec
retary of ,the Society, ewe, down expressly . •
to see the . Bietinp,.egir d.'s table, on the
subject: Thi reeult is the graceful resto
~4 All prlvilege which had been
withdrawn, STadyannither proof fainiehed,
that Dr. Tan'e hearfis in the right place. ,
, .- •
A i BA RB Ts ` ` , D2ev IN A CATEEDMA
TOWitiat4 de niefrkedinY month " out' 'Of
• town' Prefer,gtor4tochester, which nee
oloseirongeide Chatham, on the Medway, a
, ig t. rmkti,. d epot. for tmeps, ships, and other mu
:name of. yen c lt.is feem,,Chatharn that.
nearivrll opr trestspoOs sail for.lndia, and
thither,the,phattpred ievAds"stnd wounded
• soldiers return, to be pensioned, and ,sent,
bome. The view from the ha; above-Ro
, lehester. to, the. North-West, is exceedingly
grand' and' impressive. At one glance yew,
, take in docks, hospitals, and arsenals, with
' , the noble Medway itillThames, seen togeth
) er—the ' fernier studded with ships of war
"nn norniniatiiin t " ready to be •eiktipkiell- 1 14-
.sea on a sheitararnu" ig: ',' - •.. - ''
• At. Reoheisterore.Presbyteinixhilhave !an
opening Prhtnli) ~..tr k trust, will end in the
esteblistknentolot ;church, with its ordained
1 , .minister,d.by-and-byAit 111)what has been a
'Congregetionel teshepellpa- preached tirine i
porningonna;nvenkngo:trln the afternoon , r
attended the 'Cathedral. The Bishop
nPn:lreaidelltt:egia'Preaganeja only 'knew**
fewttimes in then year,' by, the loud filighig
of t4t3lPAtits*Al , (l)',;3llst, The dean-is a very.
• Oil zeistlemen i •and the iolergy ingenue Are
jialitdAtUalaiihliaitlihriallandai it t nAistete ,
as'• in, the , majority , of' flathes Irak ' ' the
clergy, ars. snub Ap•beo The Bete* wee at.
tended, kys. respearslnts congregatidn? in.
9 1 n44 1 ,84 1 .0417410nrai neighbotring gentry,
Tinit ol l6 and.tsatriete,'4 , 4h)traglea and
children. The ;entire service Ares intoned ;
- the, , l 3 i4Og Ono all , that thelrained ear
could desire, and: the ,diapaaon swell of the
9.l . l3aes , Tafiltli Jgrand • Accompaniment. The
terwei m erwisu'rthin t sehtle, good. It was
Preallllo. l . XI admozoteenr,odow, arinn, one of
the bleitlipecimene t of i thso*iw• of the old
. EIPIWC'T, it rwsys . 'founded .inathilezekiah's
breaking demi images•end destroying the
bnrtenlwent,, in htsoforminggzeal for the
exclusive worship ; of : Jehovah. lictonched
ably, on the, subject of Romish relics,' show
ing that the, sarta,,,apolou made for their
'.'.dne veneration,i'lltight•have been pleaded
with Hezekiah. Hevknew, however, the
tendency of such thingsgand therefore he
destroyed- the ; " venerable I: •relic the moment
ho fowl& it abused by popular superstition,
and stamped on-:it the contemptuous name,
NefinptAn—a,piece of brass.
, TAi l f .led ; the , preacher to refer to the
preeent„ sensuous tendencies, even within
tim, Chung', ait England, and the undue
honor B , alagitoed tn , ,,the Virgin Mary. He
utterskfaithful words of warning,-,yet he
TWO. and injured his protest, by speak
ingjeMestr brethren of the Church of Rome,
and of the, Eastern Church," and while
charging - thein with, imsge-worship, yet ad.
mitting Chit ilieriiyrtigki be more "piety"
among tgainuthin-ardong many "Protestants.
Ne.have yet4o,.. Nara how there can be
V.pieby,MinbtlieiSetriptural sense, identified
with ,the devotees of an unscriptural 'super
ritition.— • •
~.., I wak,pleased to see the large nave of the
Cathedral filled with seats, provided for an
evening ' , service , for the working classes.
Theruis aplaan reading-desk and pulpit in
one, under one of the pillars'. I was told,
however, that the attendance is very limited.
The, working, classes Sinothere in• the deep
eleep of indifference and lin; and they need
'nether voice, more distinct, and alarming,
and more ev;surgerroak, , toe, than that of a
High : Churchman, to awaken them• to peni
tencte, and faith. ;_
I-trust your reademwill forgi.va,this long
excursion into the rurabdistricts, and " out
of town." lam just returning again to my
accustomed abode and toils, cad so I must
conclude. with a rapid lifferonce to politics,
and public matters.
This News Fnois e diertii, brought over
land to St. Petersbrogrand thence tele
grapheilto loadoraoproduced it great seam.
pAp t iall o pyer .tlie, ? XiagdOrrai Coins
tie stomessfril laying:Oh the Atlantic Tele
graph, and, the siiiidned,l4 real &kens
yiftlf which that mighty achievc i m i ent „ham
been,:,,and continues , to be hailed,' ii i ,emitea
profound u ernotions , ii! pia ~,brej a pit bgc l. ,the
nation. i:feiticions,.,„A g .,te „P vxportjin
school, naturally : eiplf*trimpli„nf I&
policy.lt wfs,,,,on-Alus, • a ;groistion, in
conne , 'op. w O, thtlfirpka-anii,c
_ 1 ,0 ,, 7 4 11:11ata•f1 , a , - ..1% :9i 4Tft•
ries a s Aille4rds,,4PrFig.tatak,4o.43Pflilla
.by sue iniijoiity ,aa .p, BritisbJN4ger
riLey# . ,ll 7 l4 l dit,;_ l ii
,is. kir& before. , /iTore„inau
feej A5,,,,if; 1 4 . X . Whhap !hey' hardly dealt
- with:. l'h° lifer arlF ; 7€%T,Pli fail nOit to
r.lni,iid , OA 99mktT.Yt toptt,`.if I'eAcin is open
to,trade;o s Phrietiaa glari9,np,it „ l ia..to,like
'Fe ,oar„a it .all; and that: a 4 giaoatolifb
'atn;' Gibson, and,,the „Tories, prevail,
we would have been with'Russia, America,
and France,''"nittiltrorlEbariana" still. I
' shall not:Wonlerrif4 nitit :year, is:liitch , or
crisis occur,:and :thelteomnione get;a4i
mitk !the Dsbyi Cabitietptliat , 46404dt , -
t penitentandafulliofi gliMiE 0; miIAmMIT
. ~ ' ..„ ...,: l i ,-..t • .... ; 40- - ..„1 , ...) 504tt '