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aittier aft z,(4)3lo,tate+
prris Bußriti, Oct
iron gig.... 14.30, In advance; or In Clubs
; ol e os; soF t dilivprodp,spsideiscsi of litabserl.
bite, 8146; See Prospectus, on Third Page.
RAN /81Al AL 8 should be prompt; a little
while before the year expire that we may
as sikerrasiieriii,jieltilitaitab s,
TUB R7CD WRAPPER Indicates that we
dodos a renewal. If, however, In the haste
sr nudling. this signal should be omitted, we
AMY!, billl'Oriitiont!O will still not foiliot'Ss, • IL ,
Rzarrriurcats. , -9•iia pairismtiar mei
bands,. when. convenient. Or, send by =ally
onelisliii with ordinary
nobody with a knowledge or what yen are
doings, a Jorgeuratowtti mond a Drafty or
largo,notes. Fos one outer. paperivsend Gold
or samoll "Retina
Tp mAiries covisois t sand Postage stamps,
or -better sljila read for Severe papers; say 851
.gosBoyouttynnallmouor for Tbirty.three
iituff o tri all Letters and `Comentunleatiosuo
to RIM DAVID neKINNIGY. Pittsburgh,
We lutist •again request our friends to be
brief the preparation of these notices.
We JustCCU *easilydcheaplyt
• as an Fin
them ai any other thing, whioh is Ott in the
same sisqd. type.. • ,But,cur readers complain
sidly., We-eitreat our friends , it% be very
Wel V9liot,:aftic us to abhreviate them.
We have not leisure `to do it, and could not
do it ffight.
Synod of Sonthein lowa.
This Synod met, according. to the order of
the General Assembly, organized and enjoyed,
as welearn from a c correspondent, a very
harMiinions and pleasant Meeting. L. G.
Beil,was lkioderator, and D. V. Smock, Clerk.
With but, one dissenting voice, the Synod
recommended that .the North 'extern Theo
logical Seminary :be placed:kinder: the entire
control 'of the General Assembly., Directors
' were appointetrwithinatruction&to advocate
this obangp of the constitution. Dr. !Tarn
son, J. T. tfmsted and Col. Patterson are the
Direotors:rr .?The nest meeting of the Synod
is -,to te - 444:Wskaloosa, 'the second Thursday
of October,lBsB. There were upwards of
oilsa , tio4 the suiday school
'otieed' When . the event occurred,. the
ter, Seeretary of the American Sunday
School , Union, Made of t his position .41 that
Mr. Porter, it will be remembered, made
wite rn ef,the Oficial signatur . e, of the society
to the extent of some eighto•eight thousand
dollars for his elm indivi'dual benefit,' not
entering on the hoOks any . inemoraiidinn
- the -' noiesf f given' - and the - money re
ceived: "It` was thus ' that 'the Direh'tors
were kept in ignorance of the transaction.
Some twenty years ago, as we see # stated,
Mr,. porter, engaged, in the Mortis Multi
, callus speculation. ,He came out a loser to.
the extent 'often thousand dollars:- This
mailehitu to need more money than he had.
the Society's indebtedneSs for piper, &c.
TWO gavel-hi name a eurreney in the market,
• • .
and enabled him ,to , pass obligations, and
hence, with mnch,risli of „detection, but with
much ingenuity, he managed .to renew the
notes andnole changelthem ^that lie avoided
detection for twenty years, and to increase
the'stiui 10 f: the extent named: Alas for the
spirit of ; speculation' Let no, man indulge.
Honest,business iriups up stern integrity,
but t ell'orts to.get gain without giving;
. therefor, undermine good principles.
'The iiieneas'af 'Mr.',Porter in perpetrating
ihis,f4d 'another 'ekeni lifi' t'of ‘th
p eft ion e
danger of allowing one man to be the ...sole
moimiagent of an institution, and it, eaches
the. OettY neof Ak'dzi" obligations
al ,g, all. yo ions
couhteriugned;by, : a second officer, who shall
keep a separate memorandum for the inspec
. Ithin ref the Diiebtois;
- , r Tlit'lonkminter.rivenings are eoßtag.,
Row lolithl they ice employed ? Not in gad
dingiebont;) ford farmers, mechanics, and all
industlionsaepple, have exercise enough ,
, through tliefday: Not =in ,listlessness ; this .
is "linitoithy* anT intelligent ' How
1 , 31 - r"
Whir, partly social inter
-14 ' '
~:m pLe a sft A 5 ) 3 .11213 1:4", , in a, w e ll ordered , fuiaily,
but amainly reading. •
Wilatiabill be read ? • Not novels; these
' toxe)Weiee' than unless "; they spoil the taste,
injure l th4itiniOr;
and i dieipialitylnitit for lifes highest dities;'
end-lifee most elevated joys. Not in sour
rilonsdetails of police - trials, the details of
the is.yings and,,doinge, the basest of
Mankind :'such:- }reading' ' wis an' unmixed.
r" breeini not one particle!' of
" htira blier;ead the
9 04 - I rtV fP h task, b e. t kept
shall they read? ;Theology')
will mit • them- to sleep;r • .*oks generally
have IliePaireet 'hpen"ilie 'Mort'
b* *a rer sodull;M„ fio,; abstruse : o so'pro,
in their, disitualgous, - „that the mind, by
: evening readings, cannot be So , edifiedits to
be interested. • There are, however, - some
" inNikszwell adeptedlo en& readings ; 'some
histories, some travels, some scientific tree.:
-eistei 1,15 me p r a ctical '`eilie`rilifental red
Someliinn few of the :Magazines afford
•,; - ,
t r ,9l ll 4 l 3feiP v Pl i ,'qg reading.
~ilati-..eppephdly are well conducted-news-
Tapers suiteditoilwee times. Their varieti;
their city'; their
,presentation of affairs
of living interest; comparative brevity.
of their articles; . the talent that is , now .
manifest in the better ••'clasii 'of them; all
• these things are adapted' to 'give interest:
They' r instruct ' amuse, enlarge, and liberal
ise like Mind. Nempapers : are among the
ximet egiotir of modern educators. Let
themlboifeund every where: • _;
• • %Clef the parent make a tails selleetion:
'prepare, and dliOmilic
, - r
people sustain, such papers as Citristise .
v ,families, - all
families—need. • They Rallipo
.ions jouniala .should be made id 'embnict(il
15q!kery thing which"' &Hotline;
_ need Li to` k now for tlialCielvei
=.ku,.• 1 ,-,, i 1•1 4rj
tot their hous4 4440 - •
Discovery is Africa.*
For noes the 'central regions of Africa have
Veen clothed with a peculiar mystery, which
seemed to baffle the efforts of civiliiation to
penetrate. For upwards of two centuries
the Ati'Sky inhabitants of' the Westein' coast
have been giving off immense numbers of
the different tribes to bondage on the Amer
ican Continent and in the isles of the Gulf
of hleitCo. The condition of these captives
was low and degraded, and it was inferred,-
that ilrhatever might be the numbers of the,,, !
Idark ,p6pulation' of the interior, they we're'
.01,existing in ..a depressed state, which indi•
cated little or no tendency to civilization,
while the countrylvas generally believed to
consist of vast and inhospitable deserts.
• In the days of Mingo Park the great ob
ject of explorers was to penetrate the interior
from 'the West' coast,,to reach the Niger, to
determineits course, its magnitude, its rela
tion to the,Senegal and to ascertain the char
acter of the tribes who dwelt in the region
`through which,its waters rolled.' By means
of,the Nile in the East, Bruce and others
bad advanced.far toward the South, , and it
was hoped that by,means of <the Senegal
thiNiger, if they were separate rivers, fur
therimportant discoveries might . bamade in
t regibni, of the Continent. The
.i • •,• •
lamented fate - of Park put, an!end. to the
glowing,expeetations that had been formed.
in connexion with his'expedition. Again 'it
was hoped that as there were certain rem
nants of civilization connected, with the
borders of Tunis and Tripoli, it ,
possible to conduct an expedition which
would leave the shores of the Mediterranean.
and travel Southward until' the great rivers
and mountain chains would be reached, which
it was believed lay in the Southern part of
the great Sahara, and thence extending to
wards the coast of Guinea. In these efforts
the names of Oudney, Denham and Clapper
ton, stand conspicuous. , Their narratives
produced a great effect, on the public mind
when they appeared, and they gave a great
impulse to the cause of African `discove7. :
Several yearis aince, when"it' came to' be
believed, that the great river Niger, which
Park saw flowing to the Eastwarct miolt be
connected with the waters which fell into the
BEE 14, 1867.
ocean Eastward of ilia' Bight of Benin, and
when it was hoped that this water, course
might be made,agreat highway ,or the civil
izing efforts of coinmerce, an expedition was
fitted out ill London under the auspices of
Prince Albert, with a 'view to penetrate the
interior and lay the, foundations ,of a perma
nent trade, and prepare for 'the introduction
of future elements ,of civilization. This
effort, in consequence of the great loss of life
by, fevers, came to nothing; but still light was
,beginning to grew on the minds of all who
took an interest in the condition of. the
interior tribes in consequence of the inform
ation accumtdated by missionaries and traders.
In 1849 the British floverninentprepaied
an expedition „in erder to reach the central
regions:of the:Continent from the North, and
through the Chevalier Bunsen, 'an offer was
of the party. Dr. Barth had already trav
eled extensively in the territories along the
coast of Barbary. He had visited,Cyrermica,
Egypt, Syria, Asia Minor and Turkey.' Dur
ing these travels be had cast, a longing eye
to the.vast tracts which la,y,to the. South, and
now: that such 'an opportunity of:'explor
ing theta presented itself; he gladly embraced .
the offer. The results of his six years '
have now beefigiven to the public in three
Inige,oetave volumes; under the auspices of
the British Government, and there are now
two of these volumeirgiVen to the Ameriean
public from the press of 'the Harpers, of
These are :by far .the most iiinportant and
satiafactory volumes which •have ever appeared
on the subject' of - Afridan,..dicovery. The
labors -of ~Dr. Barth extended - to a reeidn
twenty-four degrees from'North to South'and.
'twenty degrees from Bait' to West, in the
brOadest part of the Continent. FrOM Tunis
and,Tripoli hejourneyed to ake Tchad and
traversed nearly -threetfourthssof tbe shore of
this great inland water. Farther 'South' he
; penetrated to Yola on, the Banueve, the
Easieiti`arm of 'the and Westiardly
he j jOurneyed through Sokoie, ,Davdo
other kingdoms of fierce Moslems,, until he
reached the celebrated city of Timbuktu.
By titi Eastward and Northerly" course he,
again reached the Mediterrane4: instead
of finding the districts through which 'he
passed all barren and desolate, he "Met with
fertile latids irrigated' 'with' large navigable
rivers and extensive; central lakds, Ornamented
with the finest timher and producing varieties
of ;,grain, rice,, sesamum, ground-nuts in un
limited 'abundance, the sugar-cane, &e.,'to
gether with Cotton' and indigo;' the t
nable Ciliinedities of tr'ad'e. * * The -
natives of these regions, not ; only weave their'
own cotton, :but dye their-homemade shirts,
with their own. indigo,: The river,' the faTN.
famed Niger, whir& -.giires access 'to' these
regions by means of its Eastern branch, the-'
Benudve, (which Dr., Barth : discovered) af
fords an uninterrupted navigable sheet of
water for :,,m'ore thaxii six.% hundred miles
into the very heart of the: country. The
Western branchia ebstrricted hy rapids at
distance of about three hundred airld fifty
miles from the coast; but even at that point
it is probably Oot, impassable in , tha present
'state s. of ,navigation t while farther lon' - the
river opens• 'up -an immense high road' for
nearly one thousand miles into the'veii heart' '
of Weide i rn Africa, so rich ie every kind of,
- The scientific chanleter of these' volumes
is everything that the'achiilli e:oithrrire,
'while the journal is written with great clear
ness and precision. Snoh.a workin the days,
of Park, or Denham and Clapperton would
have pradueed atwondOrfril`sensation. It is
plentifully 'illustrated by wood oats and anti=
* TRATZLII AND DISOOTNRIZII IN NORTH AND
Ounruar, AFRICA; being a Journal of an Eipedi
don undertaken under the atisplool of licrliritannie
Atiajosleu Government„ in the b years ,1846-1866. •
By A ., , Wury, Airily Ph:D. D C Fellow of the
/ 8674 j Geographieel and Ashitfo Boolettee, dco.,
volumes;"_Bro. Volnniee l bne, and
two* pig . 667 3 and 709. ^Weir, York:'
Mifin,„Fratiklia t Du.:5.:
111 it A.
N " A '1 ANNE R AND ADVOUAIL
quarian objects, and localities of interest are
figured in abundance. We recognize the
work as one of the greatest contributions to
our literature in modern times, and therefore
we give it such prominence as it deserves in
The Newspaper is an institution of the
times. Every body must have a nevispaper.
It is the source of knowledge ; it forms the
sentiment ;.„.it .l. lffects, the, heart ; it guides
the life. z , 4ltetti the &Ali chelished
companion of our wives, .our sons, our
daughtets. As it is, so, to a great extent,
will they be. It can aid us greatly in train•
ing our offspring to virtue, honor, and 'a
blissful immortality; or it may poison their
souls, and render ineffectual all our labors
for their moral and spiritual benefit.
This is well illustrated in an exchange,
by what is narrated as a fact. It is this':
" There lives in a certain city a man who
is a prominent church member—his sons
drunkards, and visitors of dens whose names
we will not mention. How came this state
of affairs ? Years ago we happened to be
at that gentleman's house, and while there
the father and older sons had an altercation
about,,theatres end, theatre-going. " You
never taught us'any thing by your example,"
said „ one, ". against the sins of, which
yoti complain. You take no religious peri
odicals or newspapers and you never ha've.
You have always had newspapUrs about the
house full of puffs of theatres, grog shops,
saloons,'ead all other placee of amusement.;
and i - uoiier heard you say one word against
those puffs, and you need n't blame us now
if we want
,enjoy ourselves a little."
There was pungency in the young man's
remarks, and the pungency startled us more
than thedisrespectful tone indulged by him.
We ask you, professing Christian, to take
some religious paper or periodical. Your
boy then will have something to read ;` that
girl, too, will have something to interest
and instruct her; and if you fail to meet the
wants of either, then look• out for reprisals
in , coming years, that will make your ears
tingleland your heart throb in agony. In a
measure, you can guide the mind • of your
child aright. You can provide him with
untainted intellectual food. You can shut
the door against intruders that will work
' , ruin if ouccadmitted, and Heaven will'hold
you accountable for the way in - which you
do your work. Startling developments will
'"be witnessed in the day. of judgment ; and
1 one of the most startling will be the sight
of the father•who has murdered his child
• —murdered him'by re.fusing td furnish him
with such appliances' as, under God, would
have led' to glory and immortality in heaven,
rather than down' to remorse and anguish
in endless perdition."
The 'commendation of theatres, and the
detail of shameful and
_disgusting police af-
fairs; and flings at.strie,t, Sabbath observers,
&a &0., are lamentable teatimes of the sec
ular press—even of some of the most ably.
conducted . of our country's daily end weekly
journals. A large portion of their oontents,
however, are things which. all need to have,
and which, by reason of the limited sphere
embraced by our religious'papers, cannot be
.1 This shows to us the necessity of making
If the secular papers will persist in ming
ling with their news' and literature, things
poisonous to the youthful mind, and, which
judicious Christian parents ,scan never re
ceive under their root,.the religious papers
shotild strive to embrace every thing which
the growing family need's to know. And the
family'shead should always strive to furnish
bis.householel with, a sheet, which, together
with some sound doctrinal and practical
reading,'and the affairs of his gown peculiar
brandh of thi Lord'a 'Zion, 'and of the
Church large, will present lively, truthful,
and, comprehensive , statements of Nall import•
ant occurring events, domestic and foreign,
social, literary, scientific and governmental.
Let all needful inforniation reach the
young mind,, through a Christian channel,
and-,in . the company, of precious religious
truth; and the happy influence will be seen
in _a :rising family,• well informed, intelligent,
virtuous, an honor and a joy to their parents,
ornaments to society, and useful to their
race, while they will be travelers heaven
Civilization Without the qospel
We hear ti•hgreat .deal of the benefits
which may be expected to result from the
CIVItIZATION of mankind, through Educe.
tion. The enemies of religion talk glowing.
ly bn the subject. It is extremely doubtful,
however, whether mere civilization, if pran
tioable without religion, would be even a
temporal benefit.' We do not think it Prac
ticable, upon the masses, except-by the aid
of religion; and a religion higher than is
ordinafily found in heathen laads i but if
practicatne, it wouldreal
be no benefit to
society It would leaie men ,still deceitful
at 4Part; luit.fA. passionate) 9.r.ue1.,
The influences of the Gospel are .needed to
even rightly hntmanize the heart—to make
man - love his fellow, to prodnee kindness
and i merny, 0 - infuse hutnati"?'''foriiiciples; to
instill truth and honesty, to quicken and ed:
=ate conscience. •
An 'experiment 'has' been made in India,,
airi , the result is saddening to:the heart. ,
Almost the whole effort - of the English East
India Company has been to civilize by EAU
CATION. Missions were long • discouraged
by the Authorities. Efforts to introduce
Christianity into the general educational sjs-‘
tem, were frowned upon and, prevented.
The governmental policy was always to not
introduce the Gospel in anything •that be
longed to its operations with the natives. A
result "we see in the most horrible outrages
Upon humanity, committed by the revolted
armies; armies composed of heathens of the
highest caste, the best educated and the most
civilized. • -
The 'aril/iris Examiner progents this
subject so , well, that we use its language
44 Now, we have before us an individual
who lootes out singly above all the frightful
melee of ravening and furious lust that rolls
over India, as thelperfeet type and embodi
ment of the whole.:-.No other itisurgert, no
-otherten—nothing short of the -whole 101-
,ieetive•abotnination itself, of which he aline.
-bathe adequate representative--eould be set
side by side :with BAHIW; the"fiencl ,
Who enticed the garrison of Omni:oW into!
his power by pr ices of protection, and
then, having selected thirty English ladies
for himself, sold the rest in the bazaars, for
his soldiers to riot op and carve piece.n.eal
in their wanton delightin torture ; butchered
the men and obildrsn like a herd of cattle ;
and afterwards, - Wiien confronted with the
forces of General Havelock, brought out the
thirty ladies, his own wretched victims, and
slaughtered them in one heap, that none of
their lips might diselotte the secret ; horrors
of his private camp.
"Why is this loathsome monster intruded
.here ! Is this a specimen of the -effect of
teditcation, iefinement, and all the grafts and
amenities of English society? It is even so.
`Neria'Sahib hid grown up under the auspices
of British patronage, of the best English
society, of the best English education. He
was an accomplished, Anglicized, Indian
1 1 gentleman. He spoke English fluently and
well; and habitually frequented the colonial
society of Cawnpore The officers, with
their wivesand daughters, whom he inveigled
into his foul clutches by the capitulation,
were his old'- friends and companions, in
whose hospitalities and gayeties, balls' and
field sports and festivals, he had
been a hundred. times a welcome participant.
Of ‘those thirty fair and hapless English.wo•
men, how many, doubtless, had unsuspect
ingly smiled upon him—the tamed Asiatic
tiger—in the dance !
" What more-could 'science and civiliza
tion have done for this man—still a heathen
to the core, obscene as Belie' and cruel as
Health and Sleeping Apartraents.
The preservation of health is a Christian
duty. It is a source of joy and a means of
usefulness. Health depends greatly on the
air we breathe; and its fitness for the pur
poses of respiration is determined very much
by our sleeping apartments. At night the
human system is most disposed to disease,
and while sleeping still more than while
'awake. Hence while •we steep we should
inhale none but - the purest atmosphere; and
in order to this we should occupy a large
and well ventilated room—not in a -cellar,
nor near the:ground, nor hemmed in by
trees or buildings, nor having a low ceilirg,
nor in company with a large number of per
sons. The sleeping apartments should be
the largest, dryest and most , airy rooms• in
the house, and never crowded.
It is said that New York is the most urt:.
healthy large city in the world; that is, more
persons die there annually, in proportion to
the number of inhabitants, than in any other.
Why is this ? It has abundantly the means
of health. There are near it L o marshes
nor stagnant pools. A pure, flowing river
is on either side, tor its whole length. There
is a healthful country around. It enjoys
the sea breeze. Its drainage is excellent.
Its markets are richly supplied with whole
some food. 'Why then the great proportion
of deaths? The fatal reason is, the want
of pure air to breathe while the people sleep;
and this caused;y - illy-arranged dormitories,
and specially by too many perions being
crowded into a dwelling. Hall, in his Jour
nal of }lentil, t ompares three. large cities,
' • &cc To Each •
•z i - o_otto. °'
ri ew York, 710 400 14 CCO 13 1 In 34
Ybiladelphin, COOACO 70,0(0 6 .1 in 60
Thus in New York three ! persons out of
every hundred die annually, whilo in LOll
don, theugh so much more populous, only
two, and a half to each hundred die, and in
,Pnilaclelplaia only two; New York having
natural advantages for healthfulness fully
equal -to either of the other cities. But New
York puts . thirteen persons in'each house, on
an average, while London puts but seven,
and Philadelphia but six.
Let not our country friends now think
that because their houses stand alone, en
tirely surrounded by pure air, and inhabited
by only six or eight persons,that they are hence
safe. it is the air inside the house which
is Whaled Outsideit may, be; the purest,
and inside it may be •poisonous--tendered
so by several persons inhaling and re inhaling
the small' quantity which is confined in a
close room with a low ceiling, near the ground,
and hemmed in by trees.
Then, away with crowds, and curtains,
and close windows, and tight doors, and low
ceilings,iand basements, when sleeping is to
There are a large number of our churches
which contribute nothing, through the
Boards, to our , Domestio efforts to help the
feeble, and to extend our boundaries. Why
ie this ? There are several reasons.
1 Some devote their means in the, way of
operating through their own Presbyteries.
The charity of these islquite local. But it
may, possibly, be great. Some of our Pres
byteries have extensive destitutions—much
room to Work ; and if they cultivate their
°To field' well, we , cannot much complain ;
,espeoiallytif there are no other parts of the
land 'poorer and -more needy than they.
The chircheS"which thus act are, however,
a very small Portion of our, whole number.
2. .Seme are, so exceedingly feeble, that
they have not even a church edifice in
whielto worship. Of these, the Minch
Extension Committee have the names of
four hundred and fifty and there are preb
ably. two hundred more similarly destitute.,
ONE ( FIFTII of our organized churches with
out a house of worship I Alas, what a'call
to, liberality on the part of our whole Zion I.
What a work the Church Extension Com
mittee has to perform ! From these churches
men would hardly expect contributions.
8. Some are partly negligent, partly pent'.
riouir,partly uninformed, , and not at all soli
cited. The. fault with such is deeply
chargeable on the officers.
It is our belief that every church should
- give ; and every individual whom God en
trusts with the control of any thing, should
give. Every one, as the Lord prospers Aim,
should .give to the support ef. the Gospel,
and to Missions. We do-not say - that every
one is bound to contribute to each and all
the schemes of benevolence which may be
presented, but he should help to sustain
God's ordinances of worship where be is,
and to send diem where they are needed.
Our Boards we regard as the most equita
bk and effective' means, through which to
make our eontiribabkmeavail to the affording
of help to the needy. We therefore both
use and commend them. They are the
Church's own agents. Why should they
not be enabled to do her work ? If they are
not perfect in their adaptations, or if they
are not the best instrumentalities which
could be conceived of still they are the
media which God has providentially ordain
ed, for the time being, by which, his people
may do a great work for him ; and to search
out and carp at their imperfections will be
admitted in no -man's ease as an, adequate
reason for non contributing; nor will the
minister and elders hence stand _guiltless;
who decline to bring up their people to the
A painful Necessity.
By the communication of Dr. Musgrave,
in another column, it will be seen that the
Board of Missions have been compelled to
reduce their appropriations to the mission
aries. The funds in the treasury'were re
duced to a sum but little over the ordinary
demands of a week. This is a strange
exigency. And we cannot see that it is
chargeable to the officers. The Church de
manded an increase in appropriations to her
laborious servants The Board complied.
She urged the dismissal of, all collecting
agents. Her will was executed. She prom
ised the - effective _ agency of pastors and
Sessions, to enfs,rce the doctrine that giving
is a grace, and, under the operation of Sys
tematic Benevolence, that all her treasuries
should be kept well supplied; but her prorn
ise was more liberal than ber performance
was prompt. The Board reminded her of
her delinquency. But the response was
feeble. They reiterated the admonition, and
called her attention to certain evil results
which must flow from either penuriousness
or delay. But she did not duly awake and
put forth her energies; and now the evil day
It his" come at a pecuniary crisis, it is
true, but the crisis is not the. cause of .an
empty treasury. The treasury had been in
a course of depletion, for months, while
business was protperous—of depletion, not
by increased payments therefrom, but by
diminished income from the fountains of
supply. The Executive officers
mourn, though it is the Church herselt which
suffers the loss We cannot think, however
that, she bas finally parted with love and
energy We,will therefore hope that the
suspension of her liberality will be of but
short duration. She is urged to speedy
effort, on a principle whiot. shall prove un
Response to Dr. Rice.
The Presbyterian of the West is out with
a long editorial in reply to Dr. Rice's letter
of declinature. It, is directed mainly against
the portions of that letter which we did not
publish. s We, have endeavored to avoid
everything injuriously personal, on either
side of an unhappy controversy waged by
brethren, all of whose time, talents and en
,ergtes oug ~intutpfiWe
of the Church.
The = Seminary of the North West needs
the cordial co operation of all the ministers
and churches in the region. We will hail
with joy every indication of such hearty
union, and will contribute what in; us lies
toward the desired retult.
An" Aged Minister Deceased.
Rev. J. Moody, D. D of the Presbytery
of Carlisle, died on the 7th bast, at his
residence in Shippensburg, Pa. Dr. Moody
bad been long the pastor of the church in
that place, but had resigned, a few years
ago, on account of infirmities induced by
age He was a plain, practical man, highly
respected and greatly useful. His memory
will be cherished.
[After the above was in type, we re‘eived
an extended notice, which will appear next
Rev. W. 'MORRIS GRIMES, has received a
unanimous call to the Presbyterian church
of Bristol, Zanesville Presbytery, and has
commenced his labors. His address re•
mains as heretofore, MeConnelhaville, O.
Rev. A. G. MORRISON'S pastoral relation to
the church of Doe Run was dissolved by
the Presbytery of Newcastle, at iti late
meeting, and Mr. Morrison now serves
Coataville congregation the whole of his
Mr. ALEXANDER REED, a licentiate of
Washiogton Presbytery, was received by
the 'Presbytery of Newcastle, at its late
meeting, and otdaitted and installed pas
tor of the church of Upper Octorark.
Rev. J. R. WARNER, of the Associate Re
formed Presbytery of Big Spring, has "re
ceived a call from' the congregations of
Great Conewaga and Lower Marsh
Creek, in the Presbytery of Carlisle. I
Mr.' JOHN H. CLARK, a licentiate of the
Presbytery of Ohio, has received a call
from the united congregations of Landis
burg, Centre and Upper, in the Presby
tery of Carlisle.
Rev. JOSEPH CLARK'S pastoral.relation to
the church of Chatnbersburg, was dis
solved at the united request of himself
and his congregation, by the 'Presbytery
of Carlisle, on the 6th inst. •
Rev. JONATHAN EDWARDS, D.D., late
President of South Hanover College, Ind ,
• was installed pastor of the. West Arch
Street Presbyterian church, Philadelphia,'
on Tuesday evening, the 13th i nst .
Rev. B. L. Aanzw's Post Office aidress is s
changed from Somerset, Pa., to Johns-
Rev. S. P. DuNnAat was recently installed
pastor of the Presbyterian, church of
Bainbridge, Ohio, by a Committee of the
Presbytery of , Chillteothe. I
Rev. W. J. MCKNIGHT has' declined the
Chair of Ancient Languages in Austin
College, Texas, and taken a classical
school in Danville, Ky. '
Mr. WM Houss,- late of Princeton Semi
nary, was ordained and installed as pastor
of the Presbyterian church in London
derry, New Hampshire, by the Presby
tery of Londonderry, on the, 7th inst.
Rev. Jowl WiezmAN was installed instor
of the Presbyterian church of Greenfield,
Ohio, on the 7th of September, by a COCIP.'
mittee of the Pretabytorg:Of MUM:I6Oc I
Mr. S. J. J. SCHERESCHEWSKY, was li
censed, on the 14th instant, by the Pres
bytery of Allegheny City. This gentle
man is a converted Israelite, and a na
tive of Russia.
Mr. ROBERT CAROTHERS, being about to
go as a missionary to Green Bay, Wis.,
was ordained as an Evangelist, by the
Presbytery of Blairsville, at its late meet
Mr. WM. P. Mooar, was licensed to preach
the Gospel, by the Presbytery of. Blairs
ville, on the 6th inst.
Messrs. JAMES MCQUEEN and JAMES SIN.
CDAIR, the latter a graduate of the West
ern Theological Seminary, were Ordained
by the Presbytery of Fayetteville, on the
Bth inst. t.
Bev. JAMES WATSON', having accepted . a
call from the Valley Creek church, re
quests , correspOndents- to address him at
Rev. EVANDER MCNAIR has taken charge
of the Presbyterian church at Eufaula,
Rev. JOHN MONTGOMERY'S Post Office ad
dress is changed from Harrodsburg, Sy.,
to Longwood, Pettis County, Missouri.
Rev. ”. A NDERSON'S Post,Office address
is otikinged from Huntingdon, Tennessee
to Belfast, Tennessee.
Rev. HOMER HENDEE'S Post Office address
is changed from Quincy Florida to
BOSTON AND NEW ENGLAND.
The Excitement in business circles has
continued without abatement. The Banks
and leading merchants accommodated one
another to the utmost of their ability. But
at length the Banks were compelled to give
way before the pressure, and suspend specie
payment& As a matter of course business
is greatly depressed, and scarcely any "large
transactions are taking place. And great
tears are entertained that the Benevolent
Schemes of the day , wilf find great difficulty
in maintaining operations for the year, on
the'same scale as for somotirne back.
Bat it is pleasing to record instances such
as the following. The late - Alm .Tha,yer
has left $50,000 to Harvard College, the
income of which is to be applied in aid, of
thelen beat under- graduates in need of pe
cuniary assistance. To the venerable Dr.
t James Jackson, the physician of the family
for two generations, now in his eighty-first
year, he gave $l,OOO per annum during his
life-time, to be continued to his wife, if she
survives her husband. The Rev. George
Putnam, D D., of Roxbury, one of his most
intimate and esteemed friends, is to receive
810,000. And $5,000 have been bequeathed
to the Rev. Rufus Ellis, pastor of the First
Church, Boston, under whose ministry he
sat; and also 85,000 to the church at Lall.
caster, Mass, of which his father was pastor.
The sum of $2,000 is donated to i the M.er
.rantile Library Association, if his brother
shall deem it expedient and proper. An
income is left in crust of his son, amounting
to $6 000 a year, to be devoted to the char
-itshle-ohjects he may consider most deser
ving and proper. Who among our readers
will manifest the same commendable liberal
ity toward Jefferson or Washington Colleges,
or the Western Theological Seminary, or
the Seminary of, the North-West, when the
difficulties now in its way shall have been
It is' prOposed by the Committee to secure
stock and obtain subscribers for the proposed
new Quarterly—the Puritan Review—that
it shall contain two hundred pages, and be
published at four dollars per annum, or three
dollars per annum if paid strictly in ad
Prof. ,Agassiz, lately so highly honored
in the appointment tendered him by the
Emperor of France, is the descendant of
exiles from that country by the revocation
of the edict of Nantes. His ancestors for
seven generations have been Swiss okrgy
men, and though an exile for ten years he
says that his heart still clings to his native
land—notwithstanding the distinction he,
has obtained here, and all the honors that:
have been heaped upon him.
Great improvements have been made in
Elementary School Books within a few
years. We had supposed that Webster's
spelling book had bad its day and been made
to 'give place to some new adventurer; but
its publishers are required to issue six copies
a minute, for tea hours every day, to sup
ply the demand. Lately they received an
order for one thousand copies, all the way
from C nstantinople.
The American Seamen's Friend Society
has before it six urgent calls for chaplains,
and' it appeals to the friends of the cause for
the means of sending out Wien to these im
portant post& One of them is the old city
of Smyrna, to, which we send from this
country, every year, about $250;000 . worth
of rum, and another is San Francisco, to
which port twenty thpusand sailors resort
The Latin Professorship in Amherst Col
lege declined by the 'Rev. Dr. Poor, of New-'
ark, N. J, has
,been offered to the Rev. G.
W. Little, of Bangor, Maine. -
The Rev. Horace Lyman, of Easthatop:
ton,,Mass., has been appointed to a Proles
sorship in Pacific University, Oregon.
According to the minutes of the General
Association of New Hampshire, Ministerial
support is sufficiently low in that State. The
whole amount paid in t 4. btate for - the sup
port of one hundred and fifty-one ministers
is $84,763, which is an average salary of
$561 to each. The highest salary is $1,500,
the lowest $3OO.
Owing to the stoppage of the mills in
Lowell, Seven Hundred Irish Operatives
have taken passage for Liverpool, being en
couraged to return by the improving state of
agriculture in the Emerald Isle. Large
numbers of foreigners are now returning
from the ports of Philadelphia, Boston, and
New York. It is quite probable that the
foreign'emigration to this country will be
greatly . lessened until, the injuries caused by
the present commercial, disasters have been
repaired. . •
Thi Lurking' i's6t liatalt the Maine
State Fair, lately held at Mugu', was c% .•
nessed by some twelve or fifteen thetit-a.,_
to see the pre vak.ll,2F,
people. We are sorry
of this custom at so many of the agr;eultu t ,:
exhibitions during the present AututLo
The value of this kind of exercise is great ,
and we are pleased when a lady appears oe
horseback, to see her sit gracefull y
manage her horse skillfully. But to exhiLit
herself on the race course—for it is nt , 11,4 ) .
less—as a contestant for its honors and t ,
be made knowingly the subject of crittei,ll
in that line, and to expose herself to t i c
coarse remarks and low witticisms of tte
depraved and vulgar, is not according tO
ideas of true feminine delicacy. The larj
who performed in this manner at the Iv,
Fair of the County of Allegheny, would r ,
have felt themselves much flattered, if rep ot ,
be correct, by many of the rude remarks nr:
jests perpetrated in the crowd of spectatur..
And we suspect that a notice in one of
secular papers, evidently written to diseo tu
age such exhibitions in the future, by% uo it
the blush to the cheeks of more than one of
the fair riders, if it came under their obser,
To give any opinion with respect to Fi•
vancia/ Affairs in this metropolis is imp:
Bible; every thing is unsettled. The Ilanip,
held out until their strength was exhaust,/
and then announced their suTension
many firms engaged in every kind of bu , i.
ness have assigned, failed or suspetded ; th .t
the eye is wearied with reading the li-ts,
The paper of the New Yuck and Erie
road went to protest; and the Illinois Cebtr,l
made an assignment. Business is depre.sEd
beyond any former precedents. Dry CIS
dealers are preparing to sell their large sto, ? ' 63
below c, st, if it can be done, fi,r e,4 1
Booksellers, music publishers, and dealer, in
fancy articles are doing almost nothing. YE t
it is worthy of remark that no notes bye
been so generally met as those of the book
sellers who purchased at the Trade Sales in
the Spring, which fall due the present mobil-.
Thousands of men are thrown out of enipi,
meta., many of whom are but poorly sup.
plied with the means of securing the neeE , .
saries of life, in an honest way, for the col
The Enlistments at the recruiting uffins
of the United States Army, have been larp.e
ly increased, owing to the difficulty of oh
taining employment In the meantime the
general health of the city and vicinity is
remarkably good. General good feelia
seems to prevail among all classes, white
mirth and even jollity are not unfrequem'y
exhibited, even among those who have bier
suddenly reduced from apparenta fuence ti
So intense has been the excitement, s)
sudden and unexpected have been the re•
vulsions, and so great has been the tension
of brain and heart, that the Sabbath is
hailed with more than usual delight; for this
is one day at-.least when no notes can be
protested, wLen the weakest firm cannot
suspend, when every bank is safe from "a
As a matter of course, such a crisis is
worthy the Attention of Ministers of Me
Gospel, and it is their duty to teach wen
how to meet temporal calamities; in what
spirit they are to discharge their obligatiors
to their fellow men, and from what is occur
ring around, to deduce the superiority of
heavenly, aver earthly. things. But, as is
not uncommon in such circumstances, the
secular 'has been made, in some instasets,
the great theme, whilst the spiritual has
been almost , lost sight of. To those who
have trespassed in this way, the secular
press has been administering a deserved re•
bake. The truth is, intelligent, active, aid
thinking business men, after having been
burdened with cares, anxii ties, and toils of
a worldly kind through six days, wish to
have their hearts relieved and their spirits
elevated by something higher and better,
when they enter the sanctuary on the L )rd's
day. The New York Tames thus discourses
on this subject:
" As the people generally are not SO stu
pid As to read Sunday papers, they enj
their rest undisturbed—their thuuglits 'e
verting to the legitimate topics of the day,
gaining elasticity and fresh streno.h to stint!.
atand the probable troubles that the cowing
week' is big with.
"Not all even of eburch-goiog people w ere
so happy, however, since, in som , the Irs•
eons of the Revulsion were reiterated in the
Pulpit, and the sa'ue harrowing trains of
thought that , for eia dabs had fomented
them, were bid to cruise again through their
brains, only in a Sunday suit."
Our readers will remember the language
employed by the late Daniel Webster, with
respect to ministers who obtained the Ina
trials of which their sermons were e , .01•
posed, from the newspapers, rather than from
The Journal of Commerce calls public
attentiOn to the intemperance prevaihrig
among seamen and efficers in the American
The Episcopalians are making efforts for
the extension of their Church in Ramos•
The Treasurer of the 'Western AlissionarY
Society acknowledges the receipt of ore
thousand five hundred dollars from th e
Church of the Ascension, of which the Bev.
Dr. Bedell is pastor, to aid in building dwdl
ioge-toi the missionaries of the Episcopal
Chitreh in that Territory.
The Rev. Dr. Baird, and his son, the
Rev. C. W. Baird, have returned from the
meeting of the Evangelical •Alliance at Bor.
lin, Prussia. The Doctor speaks of his ciL•tt
to Europe, as being very pleasant, and hopes
that he has been instrumental in aiding the
cause of Bible distribution in Russia.
The two Roman Cath o li c parrs of New
York, the Freeman's Journal and the Ti
let, are not pleased with the Alliance. Th e
former heads an article on this matter with
the title, an •r utterly depraved" assemb l y ,
and both are very severe on the America"
Minister, at the Court of Berlin, for the part
be took in the convocation. But if as
ltittatiiiiinlifirtiatan is to be tieprimi of the