Newspaper Page Text
VOL; XXITO.- -26:
. f .....,}3H1.6_.Yinr 'Xi/MICRO By •
13"1 - 4.1NT= 1 4 "12
A P.OARNY.S. I. /11.40 Y
, A rTnalia :—.V2,00 per alumni' In advance. lE*
S OF ADV.IFIRTISIIVG
* - P
1101 e. i lis tin. Sin. •.41n. ! , ,c;Ool.L.11iCol 1 col.
__— ---- --- .--i- -- -, ; -2-' ,-.• --,-,...-,
i O'. , ek itoo $2OO $3 OO $409 $0 00 $9OO $1,4 Do
2 weddi 1 150 3000 400 500.70011 00 16 00
3 11•,,,k,, 200 300 500 6'oo 80913 00 18 00
I :tow ,
~, 2 51 .1 00 . 0 00' 7 1 00 i 9 00 15 00 20 00
7 Mou th s' io o 6 CO: 000 10100 11 2 00 20 06; 2800
3 xi. „ tt ,,: 50.1 11 00112 00 18 00 15,00 15 00 35 00
6 M, , ntlg.l 6 00112 00 1 15 00 10 00 21,00 35 00 60 00
1 ~.,,,,. iv . .. o t os 08125 00 28 OQ 85 00 60 00 100 00
I,lvertH onion is aro calculated by' thci inch L
ni column, and any loss space Is rated as,a full
rd r ei t ot iolvoillsonionts must be paid for 4 be
ils „„ , „ xce pt on yr,arly contracts, -when Hat
ay intnllA advanch will be required. • ,
!. , :nrlcEs I n the 'Editorial columns, ..).uthe
anolul p igs, 15‘:ents por flue each iubortiou:
lig taierted far lelid thall: $l.
m Not - 1.-FA' Cocal column; id cents per llue if
Dr „ t lines ; and'!id cents for , a notice of dye
!Mt:3 .r 10 ,, .
ANN , I.7Nor.livire of 2,1 A IMAGES and rfaxinsin.serted
I roo , b„t :1 11ointeary notices will be charged 10 gents
, i pref. t T. NOTICESSO percent slioveregular rates .
ri-joqVg , eAllMi rilittes or less. $5,00 per year.
81t87;11 , 65S Cards.
Batchelder & Johnson,
11Into,,,A.irors u 1 Sloilthueuts, Tonifisto;ies, lablo
T..Ls% Conn Lens, &c. O 11 and see. 51top, - Wain et.,
l'oandry, Wellaboro, Pa.—Ady 3, 1972.
A. Redfield , . .
A T roil:sawx r COUNSELLOR AT WM.—Collect
-1.1,ii promptt :attended to,--IMoasbnig, Tioga conit
ty, P.;,,ti'a.. A pr. 1, 187:1-9m. :., .
U. ' D 3. Seymour,
ATrOitNEY AT LAW, Tioga Pa. All; business
t: to Ins cars will receive prompt attention.—
• Geo. NV: Merrick, i -.
ATI'OIINEY AT LAW.—Welleboro, ra. Office in
Bric Block, Mart kstruet; socota -11 hr,
fawnAbLTATOR Oftleo. I
~~litcllcll Sc Cam.ron, -r
lORNEYS AT LAW, Claim and Inanrapce Agouti.
iittica in Converse & Williams briek blook, over
llstiood's store, Wellaboro, Pa.—Jan. 1,
William A. Stone, •
AT CORNEY AT LAW, over 0. B. Kelley's Dry. Good
Stark , , Wright A: Bailey's Block on Main ,treat.
wdt:horo, Jan. I t 1372.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.—Oftlee opposite Couri
No. 1 Purdy'', 13lock,Villiarrisport, PS. Al sines',
prourptly attended to.—Jan. 1,187'2.
J. : C. Strang,
ATTORNEY ,AT LAW Az DISTRICT ATTORNEY.—
Ole,: with J. B. les, Esq., WeLlsboto,'Pa.—Jau. 1, '72
C. N. bartt,
DENTISV—Tecth mad° With the NEW
give better satisfaction than any thing else
11,3. 0111,•,, la Wright St Ballot's Block. :Wells
two,. Oct. 15, .1672. • ' ' •
J. B. Niles,'--
f fOltStli attend proinptlq to hue
inea,l entrusted - to his care in the comities of Tloga
and rntn.r. Otti,n) on the Avenuo.—Wellaboro,
Jim. W. Adams,k,
Anal:SI:I Al LAW, Mansitelcl, Tioga couuty, Pa
rrotupty atteuded to.—. Tau: 1, 1872.
C. L. Peck,
AT.PIii.N EV AT LAW. AU atitni promptly ollec,ted
(Uwe wall bruith. Kukwalke,'Plogn Co., Po.
DeAter in Crooliery, Clatna and wiire, 'Fable. Cut -
Ivry mid Plated Ware. - Mao _Fable l>ul llousu Fur
tliaaiag Gli>ocla. Sept. 17, 1q72.,
no. W. Guernsey,
TORNEY AT 1.3.W.—A.11 business entrusted to him
will bo promptly sttotolc.l to.—Qlhoo lat door south
of lViokbam 4 Vaien atom, Tioga!, Timm county.. Pa,
Jaw. 1, 1;472. .
Armstrong; it Linn,
TartNEYS AT LAW, Williamsport; Pa
Wu. IL Artnsmosh:
AVrii. B. Smith,
PENSION ATTORNEY, Bounty and Insurance Agent
Communicatfons sent to the above address will re
ceixo prompt attention. Terms moderate.—Knox
Pa. Jan. 1, 1872.
Barnes Sr; Roy,
J oli PRTNTETIS.—Xit kind's of Job Printing done on
.thert notice, and in the best manner. Oflicein sow•-
i❑ C 01,11 3 .0 Block, 2 , 1 dorm—Jun.4, 1872.
S abinsville House.
SAWN-MLLE, Tioga tto., I.'l.—Berm itro'a. Proprietors
Tilts house has Le, a thoroughly , renhvated awl dir
in good condition to aeCOlllitlat3 the traveling
pahll• In a superior nianner.—Jan. 1-1,473.
D. Bacon, 111.-D.,;
MY:3IOII.N AN)? BIIIIGEON—'Lay ((mud at hie
dain• East of Miss Todd's—Maio stmt.
Will attimit promptly to all 4alla.—W4llaboro, Pa.,
Jan. 1, 15172.
Seeley, Coats 84 Co.,
BANK Etta, Knorville, 'Doge VlC—).tecolvo money
on (16prpelt, Piscotkht notes, and soli drafts on New
Sock CollMtions premptly wade!.
Nlnnour SEELEY. Peceola: Yin's ChAnnA LI.,
1. i 57.2. • veto enters, Ktiox.Jlllo
I,i ['FIELD, PA., Geo. Close, Proprietor.—Good ac
..liminotiation for both man and beast.. Charges rea
ynn.,l.le, and good attention given to guests.
W. W. Burley,
:MAN lit'ACTUltl-;11. OF all et3lee of light and heavy
t aru.yeti. Cat t lava kept co..atuntly ou band. Alt
work . instated. Corner Coes and Buffalo Strains,
Il , roellaville, N. V. Ortlerti. loft with C. 13. Holley,
Well...bur", or E. It Linklay. elnaluiim, will recooa
prompt nitantiQh —Jima 3, 147:1*-1: tom it
I . 141;.L. Sticklin, Agi.,
DEALER in cAbinct Wtice of all kiwis which Will be,
hem toner than the loweA. no invites all to take
a look at Lila goad tmforo porchming MeOWIIOIT.
Itonioinbai 01.11,tiRe6—oppoAtto try Vagon Shop.
West M.Olll tittrt ‘tellstsno. Feb. 25; 187S--1?-.
M. Yale. -
I Ant 1111,11 , 1f1Let111111g Wands of choice Cigars
wirieh La ill ?Li: at pares that cannot but please
lay customers. I uve untie but the best ,Conneet
nt, Havana and Vara Tobaccos. I make toy own
Puma, and Inc that reason can warrant them. I
Late a general assortment of good Chewing and
1AIM:1111 1:013:1el . 09, Soiffa. Pipes front, clay to the
fluent MeerAehanna, TebaPen Punches, fie , whole'
SOP ana retAil.—D.. 21, 1872
John R. Anderson, AO.
d; , fik:AL lAA 1: DIVA E,
St 44 .4 4 . leo.l, - Steel, isallS:ltoose Trimmings, Me
chunkc.4"roola, Agrunllincal linplumnuts, Carnage
I q. t l / 4 10.. Pocket filid T a to°
- itikl I CWAI 11 , ' t
dt Attn . ill t:4,l•por, and Slmet-Iron
IV it,. P in Tut :ind bun. wikrk warrant
WELLSI3IIIIO, tiTEL t t
WELL - 4 41i01:0, PA
B. HOLLIDAY, Proprietor:
Phil liotti is well lonattsl. and is iu good condition
to ac - ininstat:: thn traveling public,. The prolirfetor
sill spar,. im Infos to 'oak,. ii a first-elas ;house.. All
tha sts;ios u , rivo and 41.:part from this ligiine." :Free,
'b us t.) anti from all troins. Sohar and iudizstrions bust
lers alm,!, In attend:Wee.
I.tarcli Is, 11.373.-M
JUST -.111,;C li 1 YE D ,'-_,.
A VEIL Y LARGE srock ,OF Brawl% tatoma
.tl,. ci.o rit, cASSIMERE, Vl'-iTINGS, AND 'f RIM
IIINOS. which I will sell very cheap PO,ll CASH'. In
tact, tie, best assortment br (lido& •ever brought to
We l lBl .d'o, of various styles.. Please call and look
t hem 0,:i.. , „.. . . - - .
Makiug Rialto, Overcoats, and Repairing done. With
divatoh and 49 cheap the cheapest. l . ' -
' Niit -1—
oxcnykt rAci ,
1 Crofton Street,
' - - ,' ' ••' 4 - '
Ise. 1 1872-1 y. ° . Wellsbe '., Pa.
' 1 4ii i
, 5 TO 820,P,:r.1=17 1 goPl i el . ! - eor telintr° sag,
- oung Or old, make more mo ney, ! at work for 11(1 ii i i rr
their spate moments:or all Um time, s tingy t anYth g
eltb. Particulars free. , 'A d d r ess G. n & co.
Primo:mow n& . •• • s o t: 2418724,p
t . . -t -
next dPpx-te o .l9',..Seitis'isßotit and Shoe store, where
they intend to keep on hand a tird-C.11148 stock. of' •
„ODD I) minim Tvrir,
DD'DD ;. ; Ty_ , •
- ' ;
BR 1 1it”
' VD 'lll • - 'kirk"
DD' - D1) SARA.
= DD RR - BR • ' • Tr DD DD • ,
RR -RR , 111
DD DD nu - ACY •
DDDDD RDER BURR !Wl'
0 - 00nS,
BOOTS AND BROM
HATS AND GAM
0 11 00 E-4.14050 •
• • .1 ' .
aqiimmow : Warn,
TIN' .4,76 'll4 R DW4 R AT,
We call yet*, attention to_our lino of alocaries, as
We intend tol4,lve this atm utmost carol
'SUGAR, Coffee - A. - . . -121 e.
"• _ Ex: C. . - 12,
Medium, . .11
:Best M.. Prints, ' .
Muslius. . . from 10 to 15
-` Best'J'apaii Tea,. . : 1.10
- •Gun POwder Tea . 1.25
" Young Hyson " from 50t01.00
• lalaok Tea . . . 1.00
F. A. Jcrrareolq.r.
Wi WILL HER., SAY
that we intend to lot NO PAWSONOR PERSONS UN
DERSELL us on tho above and many! other articles
too numerous to mention.
7 , IMIKE.SrBERIAfr.,P4OE.
'Avril*2 ; 2, 11i73-3mOs. dLASSititRE &
Gen - eral Insurance Agency,
A. TIOGA CO.. PA.-
Life, Fire, an•d Accidental.
Aamm or CceireAßlA& i •
„, • ~-,
aletnania, of Cleveland, Ohio 486,083.44
New York Life and Fire Ins. Co ...... . ;,,2/,000,000
Royal Ins. Co., of Liverpool ' 10,515,501
Lancashire, of krancheater, Capital s .. ' 10,000,000
Ins. ct,., of N.51-th America, Pa - .611,050,525 60
Fratiktin Fire Ins. Co. of Plata, Pa - 2,087,452'25
Republic Ins. Co. of N. Y., Capital, ' $750,000
Niagara Fire Ina. Co. of N. Y , _1,600,000
Farmers • Mut. Fire Ins: Co. ICork Pa. i . .',1.909,880 15
Plirenix Met. Life Ina. Co. onlarfford 0t..5,081,970 50
Petin'a Cattle Inc. Co. of Potteville i .....600,000 00
Insurance promptly effected by mail or otherwise,
on all kinds ofProporky. All lessee protaptlY atljusted
and paid at nay °Mee. .. • .
All communications proMptly afforded to—(lidoo on
141 Street 20 door from Maio nt„ Epoxy - Me Pa.
i 13. wan
General Insurance Agency,
NELSON, TlOilk CO PA.I
j: 11. Arar;
A RE issuing policies in the following Companies
.11.. against tiro and . Lightning Tice , and ' , Otter
QUEEN, .. Assets:: Yi0,000,000.00 , .
:CONTINENTAL of New York .... -2,809.600.27
ItANGVEIt, of Now York . ' 083,381,00
GERMAN AMERICAN, New York 5... ;.1.;272,00.00
'VYOMING, of 7 Wilkenbarro, ... . 1...,1/.0,09832
wiLIIAM.SPORT, of Wm'Erport .
Al) business promptly attended to by matter - tither.
wise. ,Losseo adjusted and paid at our balm. •
Nelson, Dec..lo, 1872-Iy. t
HASTINGS & comq
Jan. 1, 1872
Paints, Oils, Glass, Putty,
Brushes, Tiusss, Supporters ; and Surgi
HORSE tCs CATTLE POW,.DERS,
Liquors, Scotch Ales. Cigars. Tobacco, Scuff, &c., &0.,
PTITISICUNS' PRESCRIPTIONS CAIVEVIILLY t;O22POUNDE.D.
Groceries , Sugars, Teas ,
CANNED AIND DRIED FRUIT, •
Shot, Lead'. Powder and Caps, Lamps. Chimneys,.
Whips. Lashes; Etc. - .
BLANK & MISCELLANEOUS
10011LO D . '
MI School Boots hi use, Envelopes, Stationery, Bill
and Cap Paper, initial paper, Memorandums, large
and small Dictionaries, Legal paper, School Carda and
Primers, Ink. Writin: Flnld. Chess and llackgamlnoti
Boards, Picture Frames;Oorda and Tassels, Idirrorsr,
Albums, Paper Collars and Cuffs,' Croquette, Base
Balls, parlor games, at wholesale and retail.,
Wallets,' purl , tabnies, 'combs, plias and needles,
scissors, shears, knives, violin String's, bird cages.
A great variety of pipes, delis, inkstarids, measure
Fishing Tackle, best trout flies, lines, books,
. baskets and rods,
Special attention paid to Oita lint; iu the Reason
`TOILET AND FANCY ARTICLES.
AGENTS FOR AItniRICAN STE.A.II SAP
VILLAGE LOTS for sate in the central part of the Boro
March2A. '73-1 f. 'HASTINGS & COLES:
Tiom3E AND LOT coruar 91 Pearl street, and &v
-i'l eivid.• AI N, for sale. !levee village lota lieu' the
Academy. Apply to & .1308A1tril.
Oct '2O jk72 O tt e '
s. C. P. S T
,t return from NOW. link with tbo largest
a: , s,•l MAIM
14IILLINE ." ND-FANCY GOODS
eve, brougbt. into Wolittboro, awl will give her custom
e,a rediteil.l Oil, . Hho Las it
,ok: Gloves,-Mom, real and intl.
tioo hair find a full line of really made whit°
goodie. yrteel TP isßitnll
• LIVERY STABLE:
.:TTETOEI4.II boLEs rtEspEcr
t.„7,... IV_ fully i leh nfornkthe
. publin that they
. 1. -.. •. • Livery , for fire,', - '
At their Eltable ont PefirlBtr,Opposite 'Wheeler's wagon
shop. single pr <lonian rigs turnlahe to order. They
aim to keep good borbes 'and ,Wfuoiris, spa Intend to
please. Prices reasonable."' iftrlfAlf & coma,
Aug. 24.1872. ;." :11 -•
- 11 - 21)NS'iltH'IHIYHEN offers his ilarvloo to the public
.ae a Sury,eyor. He will be rfady'to attend prompt
ly to all calls: He may bo !bond at the law office of
H. Sherwood k Hen, in' Wellsbnii, Or at: his tee!-
deuce on•Enst Avenue.. . • 4 ' '
Wellsboro. Pa.. May is. 1873-0. • -
TAB X!E. UNIPTEL Towel. Fttpkins. at "
' ' • • Hellrs Was
' . •
,•. . ,
. . -
. . • •
, . •
. .. ,
. . -. .
, . ..f_':r:? -'-- 7 - 7:,' )'-..'. '''. f'' ' ' ' '----- .. '-- ''' :.-"' 7 ' -" ;.'7' ''':-- ','''--- ...-',,-, -'.
'`,,- r , •- ' ''-. ' ''' ' 1 -";:- :' ' -, T. : - . - -AN :-.. tf," - . 5 ,4 e t,
, __ . . . . , , • _ _
....--:-:--: ~', :-,.; , ,-_-.,.„.., - -,; -,, ~, 6,. ..:,,,., •-, ~ _ ~•,,,,,„ ..,. .. , _ -..,,... -_-
.. A .,
~,.4 .* , , ,,,,_
„... ...,..., :.,, pric „. i
f : :::-:,' I: : : :: , 1 1 :• 7 , - '
,: ,_,.: -' - _ .
,' , T , ,
.- .- .
' '- ' - 111 '• • ''''•-• .
.. , .... .
' - - -' -.
. 1 . 1 1 W 4 .3. 0r4,..:.41.7.4 .1 a t
. 1% , ,, 4., V - ,
.. .. ,‘ ~,f,t ~kze „, 1 , 0 1,1, 1 ix.zi,;, 4 ri t .41/: i. Tll-.71.11,1 ;..,: 6 -1: '. '- • • -•:•.:., 1 1' r - •-•-. ~
,' --._ " ' , , •v-
~:•• r -. , n iftri ••• ••.tlatt iiw iv, „, c r , 41 11 ... , , , ....
'--."'".... i ••4 1- 1 •,,. , 1 -,, ~t• 1. ,,,,, '1.' . , .. , .." - - ..- '' t+ - --' -
...., ... - :-....-...7. • ,c. . 14111. Z.!:" .- ''
• ' - t t '!.. - .a' . - t , "••• •• n.r• •-, . '-f. -.-,
‘`.,,:',.• '. '• -- • • • • -'•
• --'--' --', '.,^'-- ' J ' - ` -.- -•-• -:. •-:-..-'-- - ; " --'
-- • -
OROOKSIIY, DRUGS, &O
Wllich they wtit sell cheap for cosh
ASSETS OVER $55,001,00p
Artist's Goode in Great Variety
For Sale or Rent.
c l ur /\ . l ---
, irEa;SLi'ORO, PA
TainkrAN. JW. P. PIO iii.l/AIC7ALNE.NOURG
BOTTOM PR ICES.
1 4 ) Groobs 11,
_l ). 4tries',ll.rts,-(00",011,
ALAPACAS,• POPL 111 7 s, CAIII
- FRENCH JA CON.-'
• ETS,' ORGANDIES, •
PEQUAS, - VER
, • SAILES, •
BLACK I t COLOIIED SILKS,
Beautiful SUmmer Shawls,
Best White A Stikar, 121} cents
at very low prices. We keeli th,a : 'best 60'eent Tea In
A large stock of Crocker
We have Shed the Shanty
And tlO7O/ Lava but time to futy o our retotith. 41..1
OtarlilegaNti New Move
Oct lb. ISM
~*. F atLBI3ORO; riloGA - CO., PA:,_ iIU,_ESPAT,. JULY 1, 1873.
TRUMAN & CO.,
Now Goo 4,
A largo stock of
FOREIGN & DOMES'PIO,
All styles, colors and patters,
HATS & CAPS,
'and plenty of cloth to mako more
A. large anti choice , stock Of
Call and see
, . ,
(Inatome:lt that WI, have good
Is fllted full os
at theloweat prieut to be louud
Vail and you will know how ft to yontoolves.
T. L. BALDWIN & CO.
Panse'not to dream of the Altars beton) us.
Pause not to weep the wild waves that come o'er ns
Hark; how Creation's grand musical chorus, , .
up into 'Heaven!
Never thil,osesn-wavr-faiters iu Rowing,'
Never the Utile seed stops -
. 10 its growing,i •
Moro' nd more richly - the roseheart keepeglowMlN
, Till front its nourishing stem it is riven..
0 , Labor Is worship the robin is'airiging;'
4, Labor is worship!!! the,wild bee is ringing; : •
Listen I that eloquent whisper upspringing
Speaka to thy soul froMout Natural great heart.
From the dark cloud cobaes the lifOgivinit showeil
From the rough sod blowei the soft breathing flower;
From the email insect the rich coral bower; ,
Only marl, in the plan, shrinks from his part.
Labor la life t lie the still water hdletht
Iddenesa ever,despaireth. bewailed;
Heap the watch wound for th e dark mint assa ilant;
Flowers droop andlite tn the etillneekg noon.
Labor is' glory I the flying Cloud lightens; •
Only the waving wing changes and brightens; ' -
Idle hearth only the dark future frightens;
Play the sweet keys wouldat thou keep them in tune
Labor is rest'"—frOna the sorrows tbat:greet us;
Rest from all petty vexations that meet na;
Heat from sln promptings that ever entreat us;
Rest from world sirens that lure us to ill.
Work—and pure slumbers shall wait- on thy
Work-.thou shalt ride over-Care's coming billow;
Lie not down wearied 'Death love's weeping willow 1 -
Work with a ;stout heart and resolute will.
Labor is health I Lo I the husbandman reaping,
Mow through his - veins goes' the life enrrent leaping I
Row his strong arm, in ita stalwart pride sweeping,
True as a sunbeam the siviit - eickla guides.
Labor lei wealth—in the sea therpearl groweth; •
latch the ,queen's robe from the frail cocoon goweth:
From the flue acorn the strong forest bbmeth;
Temple and statue the marble bloclilhides, •
Droop not, tho' sample, sin and ire Walsh are ronnd thee!
Bravely ding off the cold chain that hsthlbonnet thee!
Look triYon pure heirien smiling beyond thee;
Bost not, content in thy 'darkness, a clod.
Work for some good, be it ever so slowly;
Cherish some flower, bo it ever pa Jowly;
Lab - or laber brnoblo and 'hay;
Lot thy great de4id be thy prayer to thy God, '
In the spring of 1842 I chanded • to be lit:
Messina, a seaport of Sicily, and while there
was invited to visit the extensive vintage
of 1)---- 1 --1 & M—zo. Their loeation was
in,a pleasant valley some three Miles back
from the city, and beneath a 'portion of
their.gruunds was extended a: large wine
vault embracing an area of two acres.' Af
ter accompanying M—zo, the junior part
ner, 'through the long Vine arbors and or
ange groves we deScended to the vault, and'
after passing nearly half •the length of one.
of the •pipe, tiers we came to a desk where
a man was writing •
"There is one of your own countrymen,"
said M—zo, " and he will accompany
you through the vaults." •
.concluctor 'called, to 'the man ' who,
quickly dropping , his, pen stepped down
from the stool. and came : forward. He was
employed as clerk in the exporting depart-'
went, for the purpoie, of filling up bills, in
voices, etc,, for the American, and English
." You will find Lint 'a
strange • sort of a
man," wbiepered but he•is,not
withstanding a good fellow."
for so my companion had called'
Was , ft tall, -, well-mado man; apparently
on the better sale of forty r and had a pleas
ing, intelligent look. "His latir, l which was
, quite luxurious, was. ,almost whit 9, and
about his countenance
-there were evident
marks` of saffering. His eyes when he first
gazed, on 'Me—which was with a furtive;
trembling gUnce—had, au inexpressible look
_wildness in them, and -a cold, fearful
shudder seemed to run 'through his frame.
Gradually he grew more composed, ankas
tie showed 'me around among the pipe
flanked 'avenues, casting his huge lantern
here and'there to show me the, many and'
various wines, he began to talk _with coa.
aidernblo freedom, though he' yet betrayed
a strangeness of manner; 'a sort of Haring
of voice and gesture, that could not fad of
exciting my curiosity. A casual observer,
who might have judged only - from his_ up.:
pearance,. wohld have-thought birn'slightly
insane, and even'Lfelt a - conviction that his
mind was-not exactly comma iL faut.
"Do you reside in New Yorkr.he asked;
as we stopped fora moment at the extremity,
of the. ' • --" - • - _
-I.lnftt rk fin thiitTr - tTid nortiereiff;:tnere,;
'though had spent part of the 'winter and
die,spring of 1841 'and '42 in that city.
'"1 Inivera 'wife in that State somewhere,
and perhaps a child, but have not.hcard
from them for a long time." • '
I noticed that he wiped his eyes with the
sleeve of -his linen jacket as - be spoke, and
he turned away as though to bide an emo
tion that might be thought unmanly. ,
"Does she not write to you?" I asked.
" She knows not where f am."
"Do you not write?" -
TgirATAN •it -65'
" he uttered with a sudden start, a
cold tremor shaking his frame the
"Ali, sir, I dare not trust my superscrip 7
Lion nor my autograph in—"
He hesitated, looked' at me wildly for an
instant, and.then starting on he began to
enlarge on the different ages; qualities and
vintages of the' wine. Twice I
bring him back to the subject- he had so ahL"
left,' but it . Was'of no avail. At length,
we came around to the steps that led up to
the surface of terra, flrnia: • Themn had al•
ready set, and the stars wore beginning to
sparkle in blue arch above us.
remarked that be had no idea it was so late,
and added, with the happiest fi mile that I
bad yet seen him express, that lip supposed
it was because be had such pleasant compa
ny, at the same time assuring me that I was
the•only A.o3erican with Whom he had held
social converse for ovdr a year. As lie was
about to close the vault for the night, I pro
posed he should accompany me to my ,cafe,
take supper with me, and then ' walk with
me about the city.
R was some time before he would consen
to this arrangement, and while he was con
sidering upon - it I could see !Mit there was
an internal struggle.of no Small !moment
lie appeared- to me not unlike a man who is
debating whether he shall attack 4 "den of
rattlesnakes: After awhile, lthwever, he
consented to go, though there was a marked
reluetunee in his manner. Re extinguished
dile light in his lantern, gazed up and down:
the long avenues.to see that no spark of fire
,aceidentally been 'dropped, and-then he
followed me -to the stone steps, and having
secured the doors, he signified that he was
at my service. The direct way to mY cafe,
which was on the broad quay, lay through
the heart of the city, but my companion in.
sisted upon taking a more circuitous' route,
and he took me through the 'darkest. and nar
rowest streets and passaged he could find.
" Mr. C—," said he, as we sere emerg
ing froni one of these •dark -_pagsages,!" un
American merchantman' armed' yesterday
from New York, quid I know "not who may
hate eoMe in 'her. It is for this reason that
I avoid - the public places."- ' •
n an instant the', idea' thiShed upon the
Oita my companion was a' Conilet, or a
least a criminal who had been guilty of-some
heinous crime in his nafive-cOunirr, and
was consequently tifraid.of detection. The•
more-I thought of it, the .more I became
convinced that such was the fact, and I
could now account for his strange conduct'
in this fear and in the goawings of h
burdened conscience. Vet he was a, wel 2 -
come-eompanion foi• all that, and 1 Mt sore:
that repentance had been full nod
ti razed fin tively about ,as we en
tered the cafe, and at his request I Ordered
supper in,a Privitte tuoin,, He _lnngited and
chalted:freely; and the more I 'Saw :of him ,
the more biM. ' After we had titi
ish'ed' ottr Meet we started on bur proptiscid
walk.,'lt Was, nearly .eleven o'clock when,.
we thought of `returning, :and as we were
passing 'the' small" church - of SL Joseph
noticed that the doors were open, and that'
In' the center of - the church there was a sae
ble bier, around which werehtirning n num
bet. of small was tapers. -I proposed . Lint
we should enter and look for• a moment 'at .
,the corpse. ,He made no .objections. In
-one of the confessionals near the door sat
.an.old monk; and :very. naturally I asked. of
Lint who .it was that rested upon the bier,
not knowing. that most of the interments .
from this church were in behalf of .charity:
, The monk informed. me that it was the'
body of a.rottn;who came ou shore from the
American ship that came in, the day before.
He had been -very sick and weak when be
left the ship, hut be was determined to land,
and persuasion of -the crew could not alter
him in his determination, He reached the'
quay; but he lived_not to cross it. The kind
•monks'of St.-Joseph had taken charge of
the body. ' =
slovily; - . reverently approached the
somber seenef Upon the breast of the de
ceased were , the various articles that - had
been found in his possession, oonsisting of
Bleioings of 71A)or.
Dr FRAME /3 O£4lOOD
The Haunted Nan.
lin apparently well-filled purse, n watch, n
pocket comb; and, heavy double-barreled
pistol,- • the 'latter of -which, the monk - in•
Termed ps hntl been loaded With extraordi
nary. eltarg& of powder,•balls, and buck
lithot: I gazed upon. the ; face: of - "tile dead
Mau, and even -in. its sunken, marble l like
_rigidity - there was a startling.. .expression dg
1'404+ .resolution, as though some , fell, purr
peso; which death, had ..not.subdutid; still
dwelt in the hushed bosom. As I still gazed
I heard a quick, stifled cry at -my side, and
on turning I was loilf-frightened by' the ex
preaston -of myA'orepanion's cotintennitee.-
Elis' 'eyeballs seemed 'tam - illy starting from
their sockets; his'mooth was half-open and
fixed ; his bands, which were extended to
ward the corpse, trembled • like vibrating
harp strings, and his very hair -fret
ful: Ile unwed nearer to the .heal- of the
deceased, looked anotheentoment into that
pallid• face, and sinking doWn upon- his
-knees, clasped his hands toward heaven,
and cried,f . •
' " Great'! iod, 'thank Thee! I thank Theo!
Thanks! thanks!" ' -And then he -arose and
looked once more upon the features of the
corpse. Then his eyes wandered to the
heavy pistol that lay
.upon the sable pall, ‘
and while a' cold shudder passed over him
he took me by the arm. .
"Conte, come," said he, "come with me
to your cafe, and I will tell you a • strange
Without heeding the mute astonishment
of the monk, Ifollowed 'My coin,
panion'S nerves' had become somewhat com
posed: and I could see there was intense sat
isfaction-dePiOted in eVeirlineament of his
Mr. O—'" he commenced, "I,eruitell
you my story in a very few, words. Nearly
.twenty years ago I fell in love with a young
'girl in the city of New York. On my part
the scylaintance soon ripened into a love of
the warmast . and most 'ardent lrind, and it
was as pu'o as it was ardent; and she pro
fessed the sane feeling toward me. I was
then well-to•do in the world, being a clerk
In if heavy mercantile house, and ere king it
Was arranged we should be married. About
a week previous to the time sat , for this cer
emony I accidentally heard my nflianeed
bride use some most obscene and profane
language in company with one of her fe-
Male acquaintances. You can judge of my
feelings under these circumstances much
better thanl can describe Him. I turned
away sick at heart,, and on the very nest
day reeefred indubitable proofs of the utter
infidelity of the oWect 'of my affections,
and I at once broke off the engagement.—
'Upon being questioned by some of my com
panions as to the cause of my course, I un
guardedly, and perhaps foolishly,. revealed
them the whole secret. The atory, as
having tome from me, got wings and soon
spread - among the lady's friends-and cc
A few days afterward a young man about
my own age called into the „store and came
up to thetiesk where I was Writing. His
hands were nervously clasited together, and
his face was livid with rage. He told me
that I had forever blasted the reputation of
his sister—that I' had faithlessly. deserted
her and left her broken-hearted.... I attempt
ed to reason with him, but I Might as well
have reasoned with-'a lightning bolt. lid
demanded. instant satisfaction, and-proposed
that I-should accompany. Lim over on the
Long Island side and fight him, My natul
ral timidity would have prevented me from
complying with such a request, and I had
also higher scruples, and of course I refused.
Then be called me abase coward, and swore
that, he would have my life. I complained.
of .him before a Justice; he was apprehend
ed, publicly tried, fined, and' , placed under
bonds to keep the peace.
_.'After-that I met him in Ilroadway.
stopped-ate and whispered in my car. He
swore by the tuostlearful oath a man could
take that he would have my , life, and that
Le would-hunt me through the world till'he
bad accomplished his purpose. 'I knew that
he meant just what he had said, and fear
began to take possession -of my bosom.—
Many times =I discovered that he was dog
me ;abvt, jx. i t
Tagrettnot tring him to tit.,
for I might fail to make out a case; and it
could only tend to incense my'enemy still
At length I feared to walk the streets, for
one night as I was
_passing a dark alley near
the head of Cherry street I. heard the report
of a pistol close to me, and a bullet 'passed
through my hat. I knew • who I fired that
pistol—but I had no evidence. I felt that
my life was not safe in thaticity, and secret
ly I moved to a small town! in ,the western
part of the State of Massachusetts, where
I engaged with a dry-goods dealer.
Ilere I took to myself a wife; but I had
not been married over a month when I saw
my enemy pass the ' door of the store and
look in. lie saw me, and point& his finger
at me. The cold sweat stood in.buge drops
upon my brow, and my fear. 4 dame flack
more powerfully than ever. At night Leon
trived to get my employer to go horne with
me, and on the way I. heard low, stealthy
steps behind me. 1 knew - that I WAS dogged!
" You aro mine!" I heard a voice pronounce
as I turned into my yard, and as I turned I
saw a dusky figure moving off beneath the
shade of the road-side trees. The next day
I sent wdrtl to my employer that I was sick,
•and I kept'the house all day. ' I explained
'all to my, wife,
• and she agreed to go with
me wherever I . wished. Several times du
ring' that day I saw my sworn murderer pass
the house and gaze intently upon the win
dows, but he did not see me.
I got a boy ttigo to the stable and pro
cure a home and wagon, and.after dark to
take it atound'to a back road nearly' mile
from the hOuse. My wife and myself tied
up such articles as we could carry, and tak
ing all my 'money With me, we stole out
through the' back garden, ',aud ',gained the'
cross-road in safety., The wagon was there,
and having entered it,•the boy drove us or
at good speed. Just at daylight we reached
a tavern where a stage coach Was althost
ready to start, and the boy rettyncd, 'having
first promised to keep inviolate the secret of
my flight.. The stage was botiud to Lennox,
which plate we.reached before dark.' From
thence I went•tolludson,• crossed the North
river, and made. my way to the western
part 'of New. - York where I bought me a
small cottage. .
In lesithan a year my enemy: found me
again, and I saw him standing in front of
my house. He looked wild -•ausl haggard,
but I could sae that there •was an iron de
termination upon 'his teatures.: One bight I
heard a - grating against one of my windows,
and next tuoment-my dog, - a power
•ful Xewfoundland,lthad sprung from his
kennel. I•ditred• nbt go down, for I knew
too' well the!eanSer of the dlsttlrbauce. The
noise snob 'ceased, hoWever, and on the next
morning fOund niy_dtig lying, beneath . the
wi ndow=delid I • The Vl] la] n had been afraid,
probably, that, the noise might have dis
turbed the neighbors, - and had for the pres
ent tiesisted4rombis - uir derous'intent'
Made arrangements with thy: wife to keep'
'the house, and taking a small sum of mon
,eywith Met I Ile& Trent -my home. '
1 'Went to lid‘k , Cirleank 'ttie - ie.ply en
"eray, at length :followc,i me! For three
years ;1' Kkuilied front Itlaea, tti; place, the'
very eiribotlitrient of terror Yand weakening,
tear.; • but: •go 'w - lt/tie I. Weald,-tiro 'man, was
'sin.° to batintnie. Otir MVO,- lives Seethe'd tci
have but'on6;eful and' alm;,ltis' was to take .
'inive;itindinitre'ld'esiiarie his 'fell revenge.'
litTanie'idaiost- Iv - Walking skeleton. The
;falling-vf a leaf %Vould-stitrile'rna.• ''"„
At length' I got:a elltike tit go to - England.
I' Was in Lendinr,' Atitilditig -one day at' the
'iloOr of an idelthuSe, wheti-0, : God t--I'fiftW
my life-hinder - ph:4 , - Ad
. paie and,
sunken ' 'and rteiVons: 7 2
- hut his black eyes gleatned• like balls iif bre.
He did not see. me. • -1 1 bitiried to the'
Thaineti, 'tonic a lighter-as frl
-and :t het e I'vvas'forttinateeneuglr
,barcitie bound d reel Medferialie - -
hn. liatTgagb n her, - itiad- Was 'at' lb!)
• latidtki - in' this eitk, fiVltert; il i ttl !been' ever ,
'since. LI hit intint , d.i9mewlia't >jtsfarin
'or health , and' •spitlts; though; ILitt satire
dread-far hi:tsritett failed to .littnnt• me.
lify i eterat tatat'lltiN4 fisund otit even
here; , but;l.l4thit' God:: he - hastpassed from
the - poWerfiteir,latrin mdrit. A hand
inightier bite Stile-ken him .dow n.
That was hie eisld,ptitverlds ititpso that we
saw . ; cittlreli. • If my wife
still lites I 'Shall See:her ' ' . •
ineni ivife again, for. I
Beim °tlieui"both' 'atil tbe,"White Mountains
wiled Wits last there, ass some time
before I. could recognize in the portly gen
tleman who accosted nie the. poor, haunted
man-I had 'met in Itlessina, but when I real
ized the truth I grasped him warmly by the
hanti, received an introduction to his wife,
and soon we three were straying along 'the
banith of the beautiful Ammonoosue.
An *most Forgotten ; Incident.
LLOW ABRAHAM „LINCOLN ANT) OEN. SHIELDS
WAIF. (WINO TO FIGHT A. DUEL, BUT
Strangely cm 4 lei, the murder. of Marls•
field T: WaltVotit by his son recalls the
story of Abraham Lincoln's duel. The
mother 'of Frank Walworth is the daughter
of John J, Hardin, who saved Mr. Lincoln
from the remorse that would have overshad
owed his life if he had killed Glen. 'Shields.
Col. Hardin was a prominent Whig-politi
cian, and was• esteemed "the, bravest Man
in Illinois." He was killed at the battle of
Buena Vista, and in his death fairly earned
the distinction which his' admiring friends
had given him while living. ' Mr: Lincoln
was his intimate friend, and both men were
gifted with a large sense of humor, which
they turned to good. account.
The hostile meeting between Mr. Lincoln
and Gen. Shields was brought abOut in this
way: A. witty young lady wrote a commu
nication for one of _the' Springfield papers;
in which there were several passages which
the General , was pleased te consider as per
sOnally offensive. He was a testy lrisliman,
who had a great deal of offenSive dignity,,
and could never appreciate' a' joke at his
Own expense. He forthwith !went -to the
newspaper office and demanded the name of
the correspondent, and this being refused,
he gave thek editor three days in which to
make up his mind either to, refer him to the
writer or take a whipping himself.
The poor man was greatly distressed. He
didn't like to be guilty of the ungallant act
of betraying.his lady eorrespondent,;and he
did not care to have a fight with General
Shields, who was a much stronger man. In
this dilemma he came to Mr. Lincoln and
told him of his trouble. The lawyer took
the matter into Consideration, but he could
think of no stratagem for the relief of his
friend_ -At last he said to him: " When
Shields•comes around with his club tell him
that Abe Lincoln wrote that letter." The
editor acted upon the:suggestion, and when
the irate politician appeared, ready, to carry
his threat into execution, he was politely re
quested to call upon AbrahaM Lincoln for
This put a new face on the matter. Gen.-
Shields kriew better than to come , fooling
about Mr. Lincoln with his cane. He was
at that time a great, long-armed, muscular
fellow, good-natured, but resolute, and when
the occasion demanded he could deal such
blows with his•fists as made his antagonists
think that rail-splitting WCIS his pastinie. If
he had been attacked by Gen. Shields, and
bad supposed that it would add'anything to
the humor of the tigl►t, , he would have bent
his assailant over ins knee and administered'
punishment after the Manner Of conscien
tious mothers: -
But after all his threatening and bluster'
Gen. Shiqlds , could - not back out without
subjecting himself to the> ridicule of 1143
townsmen, so he concluded to challenge
Mr. Lineciln. = -The challenge was accepted,
but to thel great dismay of the challenger
Abraham named long swords as the wea
pons. lid had no skill M the use of the
sword, but with his_tremendous reach of
hrm and great Muscular - Strength he would
ave cut off Gen. Shields's head befors be
jkot himself into position for one of his sci
entific thrusts. -
.The time and place of meeting were
agreed upon. Mr. Lincoln went early to
the gruin.ltivitli his second, and there being
some bushes in the plat selected for .the
fight, he set to work to clear them away
with a hatchet. While hq was :engaged at
this other gentlemen came on the field, and
they were so struck withhe ludicrous scene
that they could not refl. m. n from laughter.
Just then Col. Hardin al
eared, and, appre
ciating the humorous nitu Lion, ho appealed
ix , hiith_ciarties not 'to make fools. of them
selves with suelcerrw-liv. ti,nist.:—_,,, ? _l_3,--,
..,,......,.... .suctug. ALL I.OlleOM Ottell SAM
afterward that his participation in this af
fair was the meanest act of his life.
Col. Hardin, - • although a peacemaker on
this occasion, was a man of great courage
and most chivalrous bearing. At the break
ing out of the Mexican war he was but in
command of the First Illinois Volunteers,
and died on the' battle field of Buena, Vista,
as already stated.—Baltimore Amrican.
An ancient Roman Otoelebrity. He ad
vertised to the effect that he had rather be
first at Rome than second in a,small village.
He was a man of great muscular strength.
At one lime he threw an entire army across
the' Rubicon. A General called Pompey
met him in What was called the " tented
field," but Pompey couldn't hold a Roman
candle to Julius. We are assured upon the
authority of Patrick Henry that " Caesar
had his Brutus." The unbiased reader of
history, however, will conclude that, on the
contrary:. Brutus rather had Caesar. After
addressing a few oral remarks to Brutus in
the Latin language, Caesar expired. His sub
sequent'Career ceases to be interesting.
JOAN PAUL JONES.
• An American naval commander who sail
ed the seas during the Revolution, with In:
distinct notions about gold lace, or what .he
should fly at the main. He was fond of
fighting. 'He would frequently break off in
the middle of a dinner to go pu deck and
whip a British frigate. Perhaps he didn't
care much about his Meals; if so, he must
have been a good boarder. -
LITCRIV4IA BORGIA, '
Daughter of old Mr. Borgia, a wealthy
Italian gentleman. Lucrezia was one of the
first ladies of, her time. Beautiful beyond
'description, of brilliant 'anal fascinating
manners, she create& an mptnistokable sen
sation. Society doted upon her. After
A philosopher. and states um. When •a
boy,he associated himself w th the develop
ment of the tallow-chandlery interest, and
invented the Boston - dip. He waslightning
on some things, also a printer. He won dis
tinchion as the original Poor Richard, though
he could not' have been by any, means so
poor • a Richard as M'Klean buclianan used
tobe. - Although bOrn in Boston and living
in Philadelphia, he yet managed to burrnount
both obstacles, and to achieve considerable
note in hid day, They show you the .note
in Independence Hall.
• • MARK TWAIN.'
• A humorous writer of the nineteenth cen
tury. As yet-I hare nOt haVlie honor of
his acquaintance,-bat wherel of meet him I
shall. say something. joco,s. I know I shall.
I hate it; my plan wil he to inveigle him'
into going over afe y to "see a man."—
As wi,.,pass.up the lip on the other side I
sliall.draw• out ly flask, „impromptu-like,
.with the mien, "Math, dear lei-'
low, won't you take something! He will
decline ; Of- course, or else he isn't the hit-
Anorist I take him for.. .I shall then consid
er it my duty 'to urge him. Fixinc , my eYe"
steadily,upou him,, so, that he eau under
stand ,l am terribly in earnest,. I shall pro
ceed to apostrophize that genial victim as
rake, I give it willingly, •
For, inviidbly to thee,
51)111ts. Twain, have crossed with nie."
Then, I presum6,we - shall go and "see a
The' man who diacovered America two
points off the port'bOw. One day,; is his
garden, he observed
,an apple fallingfrom
its, tree, , whereepon - a s ,couviction tlasied,
through his Mind that the earth was round.
By breaking thehotiotirof , an egg and Mak
inglt:Stand on end it the dinner table; he
detnimaqated that .he could sail• due west
and,ou Course„ of; time arrive at another
hemisphere He'sterted 4 line of emigrant
packets from PaloS; Spain, and landed at
PhilailelPlita,4here he Walked up Market
street With a loaf of bread unddr Quell arm.'
The simple-hearted`nativeS•tonk hint ,to 'see
their new Park: .
Ori hi4'second voyage Culumbtrs was bar-,
berously inutdered at the Sandwich islands;
or rather 4,3 Would hike. been but !for. the
intervention of Pocahontas, a lovely maid
en romantically fond" of distressed travel
ers: "After thialittle,lecldent be went. .est,, ,
where hie intrepidity tOribiteterly ftni cid
talent displayed itself in the success with
which he acquired, land and tobacco -with
out payinglor Meth. As the savages had
no railroad of which they could make hint
president they ostracised hint-sent hint to
the island of St. 'Helena. But the spirit of
discovery._refusedio be quenched, and the
next year we tind hiM landing at Plymouth
Itoek in - a blinding snow -storm. It was
herelhat Le shOt,:an apple front his son's
H • To this universalgenins are .we indebted
arse for the exploration of the sources of
the Nile and 'an unintelligible Mit corres
pondingly valuable scientific report of a
visit to the valley o the Yellowstone. He
took no side in. our late unhappy war; but
during the Revolution he penetrated with a
handful of_ the garde Mobile into the moun
tain fastnesses of liinuesota, where he won
that splendid series of victories which' ter
minated 'in the glorious storming of Cba
pultepee. Ferdinlind' and Isabella reward
ed hint with chains, and Boston has named
in his honor one of her proudest avenues.
One day he rushed naked from the bath
exclaiming, " - Eureka!" and, the presump
tionois that, he was right. He afterward ex
plained himself, by saying that 'he cared not
who made the laws of a people so long as
'he furnished their ballots. Columbus was
cruelly put to death by order of Richard
111., and as he walked to the sentibld he ex
claimed, " The world moves.",
Smiling at this little by play,, he adjusted
the crimson'mantle about hint and laid his
head upon the' block, and then drank off
the hemlock with philosophic! composure.
The,great man's life teaches the beautiful
moral lesson that an excess of virtue is apt
to be followed by a redundancy of happi
The Irish Prison System.
Miss Carpenter's recent address in this
city on the " Crofton Reform" - in the Irish
prison — system should he received with et-
tention by the _numerous persons through
out the country 'who are anxious to improve
and elevate our Prisons. This great reform,
'though it has taken the name of "Crofton,"
was In fact especially originated by Captain
Maconochie in - penal colony in Norfolk
Island some thirty - years_s_go. This officer
had under his charge some pf the most des
perate and abatidonal convicts that the
world has ever known. They were on a re
mote and solitary island, untouched by the
influences' of civilization: They had al
ways been governed by the scourge and
cbain, or starvation and the musket.—
They were considered the outlaws of the
human race. With the severest and most
bloody discipline, little could be done with
them. Ono desperate fellow is said to have
been chained to a rock for years, his food
brought to hint as to a wild animal, and no
one was able, in the smallest degree, to tame
or to title him,
Capt. Maeonoehie came to this infernal
island, where hope and kindnesi had never
entered, and resolved to attempt a newprin
eiple of treatment: His theory, was to ap
ply to the convicts the - same principles that
,and reformation in
every-day- life. lie resolyal to stimulate
these desperate iVreteltep lfy theliope of re-
ward, and that this reward should be in pal t,
the mitigation of their sentence. He ac-,
cordi ugly framed ncareful slYstem `quarks'
for good conduct industly, application, and
honest discharge of duty. These marks,
when reaching a certain nutftber,. were to
ditninisbdin a definite degree, the duration
of the sentence. Along with them small
sums of money were paid es wages, which
were either given to the convict to cultivate
hig'self-control, or weretelfl as savings for
him, that he Might have
which to stout in the world.' Petty' posts of
honor were also offered to the, ambitious,
and hi every way the prisoners were brought
under the influence of the ordinary motives
which affect other people. Any bad con
duct., any act of subordination, any coursp.
of laziness or self-indulgence, inunedi ely
brought its penalty in the loss, of' 'ma ks,
or, in other words, in increasing the d ra
tion of iniprisoninent. The every-day life
of the prisoner affected his future, juskas it
YelifiNsal'lottlll.4k ,EfltliC "'JIM% kwikgr
and useless punishment, but he saw that be'
had his future career somewhat in his own
hands. His ambition was aroused, his
hopes stimulated, his habits of industry and
application'eultivated, and a sense of self
respect was infused into his character. /
The effects of this system, as well as Citpt.
Maconochie's remarkable character, upon ;
these desperate wretches were wionderful.—
Convicts who had been the outlaws of hu
manity became orderly, decent,. and indus
trious men. Great numbers were entirely
reformed. The ruffian who had been chain-
ed to the rock was appointed to the most
,responsible place on the island, that of
watchman of incoming ships. The whole
colony, instead of a ' hell on earth,' became
ft decent, industrious, reforming convict set
tlement. All this most astonishing alba at
reform was broken down through the . stu
pidity of the British Government. Captain
Maconochie returned a disappointed and
broken-hearted man, and it was reserved,
we believe, for his daughter to set forth,
after his death, to the world the features of
the most. remarkable - experiment, in thei hu
mane treat meut of prisoners which had ever
been made: Though to• this philanthropic
officer his own, life must ,have seemed an
utter failure, yet the ideas in his system
bloomed and pore fruit 'after Pis death.—
And one of - the most snecessful prison man
agers in England, Mr., novi. Sir Walter Crof
ton, took up this neglected plan, improved
and - enlarged its features, and set it to work
in the Irish prisons.
Crofton, it. must. be remembered, was no
sentimentalist. lie believed in punishment.
He thought that every convict ought to feel
at once.the penalties,of his crime. Accord
ingly he would not permit the newly-sen
tenced prisoner to,efiter into cheerful asso
ciated labor with the other convicts, as had
been the Custom, in the,British prisons. He
arranged that the first experience of the
criminal should be bitter and gloomy. He
was placed in solitary confinement, with
only bread and water to eat, with no indus
trial work, an' seeing no one but his keep
er, whoie dui it was to explain to him fre
quently the pr nciples of the reform upon'
which he wa, soon to enter. After some
weeks of this bitter solitude he was brought
forth among other prisoners to perform as
sociated labor. And there for the first time
he could enjoSt the benefits of the ` mark'
system. Each 'day's conduct determines the
duration of his sentence. lie knows that
by his awn industry, order, good conduct,
and application to his books as well as his
work, he can shorten his imprisonment by
fully one-third. After this stage of disci
pline be goes on to a higher, where more
freedom is allowed and wages may be earn
ed,'and Tthally he reaches the highest grade,
where he and his associates work io the
open field without chain, wall, Or keeper,
and return to liarria;ks at night, from which
they are at liberty any time to escape. Ev
• ervthing here is intrusted-to theirdionor and
their self-control. But they know that if
they violate their privileges ,th'ey will be
obliged 16 begin their whole ascent to lib
erty over again. The concluding range is
where the prisoner is Se;t: loose' in society,
but under police surveillance, and required
to report; once in a giveO time, to the pub
lic authorities. .
This, in brief,. is 'the " Irish prison sys
tem." It has worked as remarkable. effects
in the Irish prisons as it did on Norfolk Isl
and. It doeS not of course prevent new
crime, but it breaks pp the great evil of the
modern prison aystem—a tendency to the
repetition of „crime: It sends forth the con
victs• substantially reformed men. Under
it, in the past - few yen s, the number of con
victs of the Irish prisOns has fallen off fifty
per cent. Who'Nvill attempt thiS great re
form in the United States?—.N. 3. Times.
- " I don't care much about the bugs," said.
Warmley to the head of a genteel boarding
house, '" but ; the fact is, madam, !mien%
the blood to !spare; you - see that yourself."
One of " ; George' :Eliot's" sharp hits.
"There - are miswe — rs Willett, in turning away
wrath, only send It. to the other end of the
room; and , to have , a tliscussion
waived when you feel that justice is alt on
your side, is even More exasperating in mar
This is a good time to plant. cats. The
cat "should beprepared with a bootjack, re-
Valve; • or 'Some - Vtensil, and • then
planted under a plum tree. ":Plant • all you
can and: plant .deep. This, branch of agri-
Wiltl) has Neu uegleoted:,
Rita on !flaking 'JUT. i ,
As the time approaches--in eentejecalities
when thet-farinerAnnst comnaenccr haying, I
have a few remarks to make on the subject:
As far as my - knowledge extends in hay
making, the common red clover is first on
the list; and here let me state that i 4 /Wino
riaar, hi my opinion, -if properly hanAled;
and I will give my ideas as to the props;
'manner of securing it. Cut it when in full
bloom; put it In cocks same day It - I out of
about 75 lbs.'each; -let it remain till 13 fol
loWing afternoon; then haul in out
opening and spread it about in your
as much as you can over 'the floor, on the
mow, kte.; do not leave it over a foot ok
anywhere. If you have than you can
dispose of in this' way leave a load on the
wagon over night, and let it sweat thsre.=—
If -you have straw, mix.-about one•third
straw in alternate layers as yon fill the mow.
The straw- wilLabsorb the moisture from the*
hay and improve the quality of the straw.
When the several parcels become sufficiently
cured pitch them on the mow if you like.
' But says one, that is too much trouble. .
Ye ly likely; this is a world of trouble.—
Cohtine yourself to a tainted diet for *short
time and see if it - is - too-rail& trouble .to
remedy the,ovil. , i
~Is it no trouble to 'be to
the expense - of r aising b„ crop; and then lose .
it for want of &little Carel Does - it meta
trouble you to see •ytilitt stock reduced to
skin and bones—walking skeletons hardly
able to exist through-the winter, and Assay
go up . in the spring, 404311 for the weal of
a little care in securingibeir food ? If Sat
does not trouble, you. are ;happily constant-
ed, that's all.- '., ; -`i , : , i , 4'..tc
I repeat, that clover-has,no,rival &shay if
properly- handled.. But, says another, "I
don't believe that." 'Very well, try it and , -
then own up like a intin:ATakeaneven awn
ber of cows, for inStance,:feed orialuilt on
the best timothy hay your have and nothing
else; feed the other half. on clover alone.—
Treat the clover as I Have directed, and-the
timothy as you ' please! Weigh your stock ,
when you commence, midst the end of say,
four months weigh then; again. Weigh the
milk and butter during : that time Ma MOO
the quality; keep a fair record of the facts,
and if you are not a Convert youare a hope.!
less case. In like manner treat any kiwi of.
stock, hones not ercepted, and mark the re
sult. You will see I. am correct. It is Waal
some horses would eat too much if they
were not fed with judgment; and perhaps
injure themselves; so they would if fed too
many oats; but that is not „proof positive,
that oats are not good_for n horse. -
My remarks - as to this curing Of °lover
will apply - to all the grassed. Too much sari
is almost as bad as
_too much wet. Coarse
timothy needs very little sun. Out when in
first •blow, put in cocks same day, haul In
next day without opening; fill your mow as
soon as-you can and let it 'sweat. It will
come out all right.. Cat .your grass while it
is grass; don't let it strilict,until it becomes
brush:: . • •
The foregoing• is gathered, from many
years' experience.— I. not, ntdy, raise and teed
hay, but deal and know that
early cut grass yields - mere tons ,per acre,
sells better and injures the land less. , Let
he aftermath grow and remain on your
neadowq,leep your battle off, din far
ner's nbrase there is little' dan ge r of these
•unning out.—Germantown Telegaph. ~
R.VIINC4 WITIffiIIT AN APPETITE.--It is
wrong to eat without an appetite, for it
shows there is no gastriciuice in the'stora •
ach, and that nature does not need food, and
not needing it, there h - eing no fluid to re
ceive and act upon it,it remains there only '
to pntrify, the very thoUghtof.:whichehotild
be sufficient to deter guy man from eating
withpnt an appetite for` the remainder of his .
life. If a tonic is taken,' to whet the appe
tite it is a mistaken rcoiarSe, for its , only re
sult is to cause one Ail eat. more, when al
ready an amount has been' eaten beyond
what the gastric juice is able to prepare.—
Theobjeet to he obtained is:a. larger supply
of gastric juice, not alarger supply of food,
WMlll'l%l6'4'6'6 Si i iil'idliiiireßacitil* ft
ward the cure of dyspeptic 'diseases. The
formation of gastric juice is directly pro
portioned to the wear and tear of the sys
tern, which it is to be the means f supply
ing, and this wear and tear C only take;
place as the result of exercise. 'The eflt
cieka remedy for dyspepsia is ork—out
door work—beneficial and puce ful in di=
rect proportion as it is'agreeable, interest
ing, and profi table. —Hall'B Journll of Health.
STOCK EAThro Wood.—One of our sub
stantial subscribers, in
,a recent converts
tion, gave his experience in training neat -
,affected with the habit of eating
wood, chewing bones, etc. His cattle were
one spring affected this way: They became
thin in flesh, refused to - eat hay, and pre
sented a sickly appearance., He had an im
pression that their food lacked the consti
tuents for making bone, but his neighbors
used bone meal without noticing any good
results whatever. , At, last he-put about - fOur
bushels of leached ashes in his barn-yard,
and threw out tO theniabout a shovel full
,eabh.day. After turning;. them out to pek
tnre, he put one;peck of dry-ashes per week
on the ground of . the pastUrg4" They ate it t
all up, and gnawed :Oft the - grass where it
had been lying. The cattle :began to im
prove, gaining flesh and_koking much bet
ter than they had for- neveral ; years. He t
says this morbid appearance was unnoticed!
Years ago, from the
. fact That 'the ground
was ashy, from the burning of -the wood and
land clearings..- Latterly he gives one quart
of ashes mixed with the same quantity of
salt, to twelve head of cattle,",about once
a week, —Lire Stock Journal:'
BEAUTY Sr.r.Ev..—Sleep . "obtained two
hours before midnight, when . the negative
forces are 'in operation, is the rest which
most reemierates the - system, giving bright
ness to the eye anti a glow- to the cheek.—
The difference in, the,appearanc.e of a per
son who habitually retires at 10 o'clock, and
that of one who sits up until 'l2 is quite re
markable.l The tone of the system, so evi
dent in the complexion; the clearness and
sparkle of. the eye, and the softness of the
lines of the features, is, in a person of health,
kept at "concert pitch"-b e y taking regular
rest two hours before ,12 oclock, and there
obtaining the "beauty Islecp` of the night."
There )s a heaViness of the eye, a sallow
ness , of, the skin, andan Omen e of that
glo w in the face which renders t fresh in
expression and round in appearance, that
readily distinguishes the person, who keeps
late hours. , ,
How EASILY' PUTTEE SPOILED.
farmer's wife writing to the Ohio Farmer
says: " , of, all the .products. of the farm,
butler is most liable to .be.tainted by nox
ious odors floating in the atmosphere. Our
people laid some veal 'in•the cellar, from
which a little blood- flowed' out - and was
neglected until it commenced to smell. The
resultiwas, that a, Jar ofi butter,which I was
then packing, smelled and tasted like spoil
Nnotimr lady reader observes•that there is
'a filthy, stagnant, pond of water a few hun
dred feet from their house, from which an
offensive effluvium would be' borne on the
breeze directly to the milkroom, when the
wind was in a certain direction, the result_
43f which .was that the cream.- and butter,
would taSto like the disagreeably odor com=b.
ing froin thitt: pond. :AA soon as the pond
was drained she lead-no more'darnaged Wit
Fon FLIES OI 11010Ett.—The Journal of
Chem Ory gives the following as a preven
tive of horses being tensed by flies: 'Take
two or three small handfuls of walnut leaves,
upon pour titre() quarts ,of cold 'Wa
ter; let it infuse one night; Anti pour the
whole next morning, into a-kettle, and let it
boil for a quarter,uf,an beur., , .;When cold,
it, will be, tit for use. The Way,to use it is tb
moisten it spdnge; and before a horse goes
out of the stable; let AhoiCtierts Which are
most irritable - be' - smeared over with the
liquor, vir..22i' - ',BetWeeit ittidOupon the ears,
and neck ; arid flanks, etc. Not only the
gentleman 'or lady who rides out for pleas.
Aire will , derive pleasure from the walnut
leaves thus prepared, - butile Coachman, the
wagoner, - and all others-who use horses-du
i-111.011e hot weather..
WHOLE NO. 1,014.;
It is well established `thatdry earth of
the greateEit'beneflt to the comfort of stock,
when used as'bedding. • ,•,