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VOLUM XIV.- -NUMBER 43.
PUBLISH ED BY
M. W. PllcAtiarqey, Proprietor:
$l.OO Pa YEAR, INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
*** Devoted to the cause of Republicanism,
the interests of Agriculture, the advancement
of Education, and the best good of Potter
county. Owning no guide except that of
Principle, it will endeaver to aid in the work
of snore fully Freedomizing our Country.
ADTEINISEISENTS inserted tit the foiloWing
rates, except where special bargains are !made..
1 Square [lO tines] insertion, - - - 50
1 " 41 3
,o --- $1 50
Each subsequent insertion less than,l3, 25
I , Square three months, 9 50
1 " six " ----- - 400
1 " nine "
1 " one year, *--.:-- - - 8. 00
I Column sir months,----- 1- - 20 00
t 44 44 U •.• -- -'... 10 00
41 II il __„_ 0, _ , 700
1 - a"'"per year. -- -- ,-L .: - 40 00
I Si 11 41 , 20 00
Administrator's or Executor's Notice, 200
pusiness`Cards, 8 lines or less, per year p 00
special and Editorial Notices, per Hue, lO
*.„.*,A1l transient advertisements must be
paid in'advance, and no notice will be taken
of advertisements from a distance, unless they
aro accompanied by the money or satisfactory
reference. . .
***Blanks, and Job Work of all kinds, at
tended to promptly and faithfully.
li43 T .I.ALIA LODGE. No. 342, F. A. M.
STATED Meetings on the '2.nd and 4th Wednes
-41ays:of each month. Also MAsonic gather
- ings ou every Wednesday Evening, for work
and practice, at their Hail in Coudersport.
moTLIY IVES, W. M.
JOHN S. MANN,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Coudersport, Pa., will attend the several
Courts in Potter and N'Kean Counties.
busineqs entrusted in his care. will receive
prompt attention: Office tOrner of West
and Third streets.
• ARTHUR G. OLMSTED, '
ATTORNEY 5; COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Coudersport, Pa.,, win attend to all busine'ss
fttfrusted td his 'care, with Promptnex and
&Why. Office on Soth-westleorner of Main
and Fourth streets. ! •
liTtaltNEY AT LA.w, Coudersport, Pa., will
attend to all business entrusted to him, with
care and proMpttess. °lce on Second st.,
Eau tto.c.Alldgltetly Bridge.
F,. W. KNOX, i
ATTORNTIV: AT LAW. Coudersport. Pa.; will
illarly - attend the Courts in Potter and
the adjoining Comities.
-- -- - - o- —-- ---
O. T. ELLIs,
t'IIAcTIC6G PII VSICIAN, Coudersport, Pa..
resileetfalty informs the citizens of the vil_
lage nd vicinity that he willproMply re
id to all calls for proitsm.nial services.
thee on Main st., iet 13:igifiv6 formerly oc•
eupie . d by C. W. Ellis. 1 , ..;1 q._____
C. S. S.; E. A. JONE,
DRALErtsjN: DRUGS, MED IOINE:3. PAINTS
Oils, Ftlacy ArtieleE, Stationery, Dry Goad:,
Graccrics, kc., Mairt ct.,.(7,3tulcrsport, Pa.
D. E. OLMSTED,
DEALER IN DRY GOODS, READY-MAUE
Clothing, Creekery, Groceries, ize., sL,
DE.ILE.II.iin Dry Goods,Groc'eries, Provisions,
Queensware, •Cutlery, and all
Goods usually found iu a,kountry
Cuuderspc.rt, Nov. 27, 18C4i.
N. W. NA$N,'
DEALER IN BOOKS Jr. STATIONERY, MAG
AZINES and Music, N. W. corner . of Malt.
and Third stsJ, Coudersport, Pa.
D. F. GLASSIIIRE, Proprietor, Corner 6-
Main and Secoud Streets, Coudersport, Pot:-
ter Co. Pa.
A: Livery Stable is alnoltept in .omanect
scion with this Hotel.
NARK G I 1.1:01.741.,
VllLOR—nearly opposite the .Cni.n!t house =
Rill make all clothes intreista to him in
.the latest mad best styles =Prices to suit
'the times.—Give him weall. 13.41
ANDREW SL BERG &BRO'S.
TANNERS AMID CORRIERS.—Hides tanned
on the shares, in the best - manner. Tan
nery on the 'east side ; of Allegany river.
, Couderspcst, Potter county, Pa.—Jy 17,'Gl
OLMSTED & KELLY, -
..DEL/:R IN STOVES, TIN & SHEET IRON
WARE, Main st., nearly opposite the Court
dionse, Coudersport, Pa. Tin and Sheet
Iron Waie made to order, in good style, on
. short. notice.
Still retains as Princip3I,Mr.E.R.CAMPBELL,
PrecOtress, Mrs. NETTIE JONES ' GRIDLEY ; As.
sistant, Miss A. E Oxlip:33u, The expenses
per Term are: Tuition, from $5 to $6; Board,
from $1.50 to $1.75, per week; Rooms for self
! boarding from $2 to $4. Each term commences
upon Wednesday and continues Fourteen
vreeks:. Fall terru,Aug.27th4,B62; Winter term,
Dec.loth, 1862; and Spring term, March 25th,,
1863 . 1 ;0. R. BASSETT, President.
W. W. GRIDLEY', Sect'y.
Lewisville, July 9, 1862., •
COUDE.RSPORT, POTTER COUNTY, PENN.,
A. %. ARMSTRONG
HAPING refitted and newly furnished the
house on Main street, recently occupied
R: Rice, is prepared to accommodate the
traveling public in as good style as can be had
that .can, in any ray in
crease the comforts of the guests ; ,ill be ne- •
`head:' , " Dec. 11,1861
KATIE LEE and WILLIE GREY
A STORY OF tLIGIITF:D HOPES AND BROKEN 'MARTS,
Long story, but wuqt make tt short:—
o rbout foi love while polities rule.—
Got dthe particulars from au individual
wholiad it all by heart.
YOung wan by the name of William.
Youtiv. lady by the name of Belinda.
Lived in some neighborhood near neigh
bori4v: town. Young wan good looking,
but lint tich—pleuty of kindaut ao Money.
Young lady's beauty not 'likely to'be the
death of her; but grandma went under a
year nap and left a pile of ten cent pieces
large' as a round or wool. Young lady
desperately in love with young nitto, and
young man dessierately in love with young
lady.' Young man Wouldn't let edneeal
mene,i"like none of four deemed worms,"
feed L oa his cheek ;. told his love
lady acknowledge the
.corntr"thine,forever thine, dearest Wil
liam /1' and wilted into the young /4405
.arms; Sweet as.you please
"He held her gentle hand in his,
'And pressed hdr slender form,
• And, rowed to shield her from the blast,
And from the World's storm. •
quit--dun t hug me so I"
Stich is life nod lure. Young lady told
young wan to interrogate old folks.—
Yoong wan did, Old felts said "not if
they Could help it." Young lady bro
keu be4rted—quit _ combing her hair—
took off hoops—wore shoes slip shod, and
wanted to "find relief in the silent tomb."
man met young lady by uwaidight
alone, Wanted young Ntly to throWbUntlle
of clothes out of back window, climb, down
rope ladder "into these arms," And 'fly to
squire; and happiness, 4.r. way
know I shall die, WillianfrAmt never *ill
I wed thee, dearest one, without consent
of ma or pa," youp g man pleads; like
angels, trumpet tongued. , Young lady
stubborn and dutikl. Young man tries
the indiguationupbraids young
"lie did not thiuklo find so cold
I 1 .. k heart be deemed so true
A 'heart like his would yield her ag,
f bee like his should woo."
and talks of pistols and prussic acid.:
Williain; leave me—:quit my sighs ferever
but take me along with you r Young
man happy as tt nigger at porn shueking,
and tells young lady to look out Saturday
night and dt.n't be scared if she sees lad
der pol4iiin wixtdow—"your will
be at tlother end." Young lady thinks
she hai'gone toolar, and says betted wait
tilt tslte'f her owa mistress, poly, Aso
two browa heads with tossing earis,
Red lips shutting over pearls,
Bare feet white and wet with dew,
Two eyes , black and two eyes blue,
Little boy and girl were they,
Katie Lee and Willie Grey.
They were standing where a brook,-
Bendinglike a shepherd's crook,
Flashed its silver, and thick ranks
Of green willows fringed the banks ;
nalf in thought and half in play,'
Katie Lee and Willie Grey.
They bad cheeks like cherries red.;
Ile was taller—'rriost a head ;.
She, with urine like wreaths of snow,
Swung a basket to and fro,
As she loitered, half in play,.
Ghattering with Willie Grey.
' ` Pretty Katie," Willie said—
And there came a dash of red
Ilirough the brownness of his cheek—
"lloys are strong and girls are 'weak,
And I'll carry, so I will, ,
Katie's basket up the hill."
Katie answered with a laugh, •
"Yon shall carry only half ;" ! •
And then tossing- l back her curls,
"Bows are weak as well as girls."l
15c you think that Katie guessed
Half the wisdom she expressed.
Men are only boys grown tall, •
Hearts don't cuange much, after till, .
And when long years from that day,
Kii,tie Lee and Willie Grey
Btbod again beside the brook
Bending like a shepherd's crook
iit strange that Willie
While again a daSh of red
Mussed thebrowness of his cheek—
'ii um and you are weak;'
Lie is but a slippery steep,
Hung with shadows cold and deep;
you trtist me, Katie dear ?
Walk beside me without fear ? .
alley I carry, it I
Ail your burdens up the hill?"
And she answered with a laugh,
4tio, but you may carry half." •
close beside the little brook,
Bending like a shepherd's crook,
'Washing with its silver hands,
Late and early at the sands, •
is!:t cottage, where today
i,74.tie lives with Willie Grey.
I;n! l porch she sits, and lo!
Sings a basket to and Irti,
yp.stly different from the one
That t:he swung in years Itgone;
This is lung, studldeep, and wide,
And has—rocker's at the side 1
LOve Conquers all Things.
AND A ItEzk.TOR.AT/ON OF ROTH
"And then she ratsed her eyes to 4ll sl
And filled wittijdrops of woe, ,
AO in the tende . est heeentA cried, .
Debote to ftio Drirleipie l • of Irv, Deintteklog, .10 bissiii ) iimtioil'iof 1)1'001119, ViehtWe , ! aqa_ web*ri
COUDERSPORT, POTTER COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 122, 1862. i
years. YOnng man ttiya - ktive years be,.
darned." INVIti coming Saturday night
with ladder—if hit iteattli idol would o6t
fly from parental : tytanny and be happy
with him and let him be happy with her,
well and !good ; if not disappointment
shouldn't feed on his vitals long—a pistol
would ftx things quick enough. Young
lady all teal's again. "Cruel, cruel man—
carry me 1,6 the ends of earth, I don't
care where; just so as you carry me."
Saturday night young lady shuts up
"savagermis dog" in smokehouse, and
goes up sta rs. Young man carries ladder
two miles; puts ladder up to window and
whispers ; Baliody !" very loud. Handy
doesn't hear; hilt dog does, and Outs up
among meat barrels terribly: Old lady
wakes up.l Old Man gets up, takes down
double barrel gun, opens the doors easy,
slips around smoke house aid gets out
dog. Dopitchesaround,and trees young
man, and lady up ladder. Old , tont smells
large rat tiap full of mice, and dodges be
hind tree. Young , people 'reach the
ground, young lady having drove dog off.
"Oh ! I am nfraid.',' "Afraid
dearest; add of what? Is not thine own
hero to protect—." Old man lets off
one barrel lof gun ; young man, disappears
over fence leaving coat tail in possession
of dog, and young lady screams and faints
in old man' l 's arms.
Young lady sent off next day to Ken-
Lucky, anti ; l young man starts to Texas--
in a horn. Young lady been two weeks
at small town in Kentuoky—telegraphic"
despatch olie night—pa quite . sick,'sce if
company can be had at hotel; and come
at once. Young lady sends to hotel to
know if anybody is going to---in Ten
nessee. Yes • genteel young tuao l going
'right to that place-. Early De la morning
stage takes up young lady, and goes round
to hotel for young man. Young man gets
in. "William !" e.Belindy !'hush, don't
say a word !" "How is pa ?" "In first
rate health." "That dispatchl" "Had
it sent myself." "Wretch ! where atte
you going to take me ?" "To the par-
Happy couple at hotel hero last week.
Telegraph to old man all about it. Old
man comes down next day with all neces
sary feeling and hrrangetneuts to take lady
home a premature widow. But doesn't
do it. Young son•iu-law gentlemanly and
polite—loved daughter so well couidn t
help it. Young lady all tears again with
equal proportions. "gill metif you will,
my father, but spare William." Old
van's feelings go down sev l eral pep.—
Think it no use to c•it up over spilt milk
—get your hat and bonnet and let's go
home." Young couple happy as Infants
with Engers stuck full of molasses and
feathers, fly around after baggage; old
man pays hotel bill and all leave town to
l'Didst thou hat know the kindly touch pflove l
Thou -..souldst as soon go kindlelire with snow.
As seek to quench the tire of love kith words."
AN OLD MAR'S Apvicg.--rNever -at
tempt• to strike the guilty. Where by .a
misdirected or too hasty blow, the inno
cent, tl.e gPllant And the good may suffer.
Never attehipt to expose, a villain
efforts ip so doing are likely; to injure
those who have been the unsuspecting
dupes of his artifice. Never wager a lag
ger sum than you- carry in your pocket.
Never shale hands with a tuatOf you are
pot really hid to see him. Neyer forget
when you ieet, to recognize your friends,
and be eve mole careful to offer your
salutation o those that are poor. Never
run extrav gantly into debt, for it is the
by-path WI ich leads to moral destruCtion.
Never (parte) without suffieent cause, but
if it be tieqessary that you do take up a
quarrel, then sea that quarrel 'firmly to
an end. Never betray confidence of any
kind, Out [more tarticularly that of iv
oleo. i 1 •
with the O
famoud in' ,
has been a
sultinc , /an
Parco — st . olrownlow, in a speech! to fifteen
thousand ' eople at Detroit, on Thuisdai;
qpproied qhe President's Emancipation
alecree, di,ko stated that the rebels were
about dole the same thing, and after-
Wards preosing to ,become nolotries of
England 1, Gen. Cdss occupied a seat on
the stand, and he endorsed the seagments
of Mr. Brotwnlow.
A drop; of the, blackest ink may diffuse
a light as'brilliant as the light of day.
As distrust is sometimes the mother of
safety, po security may be the gate of
Sumo people's hearts ars shrunk in
them like nuts; you can bear them rattle
n they )valk.
Ism), whose name bas become
ring the war, in connection
aerations of our armies in The
was shot and almost' instantly
ently at the GAl,Rotise in
I -by Gen. Jeff. C. Davit', also
the same connection. There
personal difficulty between the
•Is for some time, and the in
evocation to the hiluocide Is
to have been Some very in
l_uage used by Gen. Nelson.
When you hear a 'man
ts, write tin
When Ou hear a man denouncing gin
con famatioe of rebel property; yen will err
if•you call him , anything but a traitor.
Wheit you hear a Mani Wit about the
const l ituthinal rights of .rebels,) you may
be au ra tie is a traiter atitteert.l
When Yon beer a man calling this Lin
eoloqi war' set him down as an 'unmitiga
ted traitor, ' '
When any man tells you sbat the Babe's
Are dghting for their rights„ you' may
safely mark him in ithe list of traitors,
and you 'ay be sure' he belonds, to that
nlasslwho old as in ihe eu e inning of the
rebellion, bat f!there was fighting to,be
done;. they, would fight fdr the south. 1
When you hear a man denonnoing.the
admiidatraltion :)f . Lincoln and npholding
that of James Buchanan and his traitor
cabinet, stit hien clown i/s a ,blac/s.-hearted
'. ' I ,
When you hear a man nivnsing the
emplOymeat of every loyal tuan for the
pure se of putting down the :roelliun,
you pay rely on, it, that man's; heart 'is
brimfull of treasoyeanct that ,he would
rather see Jeff Davis triuruphlthan our
Government be successful. i
When you find a', man Oho! holly all
theseiopinians, and circulates them, you
can say to yourself that he would be saf3r
in Folrt Warren than running at huge
among loyal men.—Peopte's Advocate
Nint FoLuEB.—To think
( rat the
more la man eats the fatter in stronger
he will become
To;beliave filet the more hours eltild
ren study at school, the faster they learn.
To imagine that every h,iur token from
sleep is an hour gained.
To ; act on the presumption; that the
smallest room in the,house is large enough
to sleep in.,
To argue that whatever remedy 9 causes
one to Teel imu.iediately better is "good
for" the systeitl, without? regard to more
ulterior effects.;! 1
To,commit an act which is kit in
self to be prejudicial, hoping ghat some
how or other ie,may bo done inlyour cosi)
with impunity. ;
To:advise anothee to take kt remedy
you have not tried 'Yourself, op. withdut
unakiiig special inqUiry whether 01l
conditions are alike.. 1
To eat without ati appetite, or continue
to eat , after it has been satisfied, merely
to gratify the taste. 1 1
'To feat a hearty sapper for '
experienced during the i brief . time it is
Passing! down the throat, at the expenee of
a.whele .night of disturbed deep, and a
weary waking in the Ittotjung. --.
, . . ._
PI.OINA WILL Do IT ItlGllT4 i — .. Doo't
sister; Eila, don't, matin4 will dd it right,''
said a little girl to her sister,i,who was
nervously, trying to pin tibilYlF , dress. ,§o
they waited till mamma I cause, ; and she
looked upon the loving, upturned faces,
all roSe.tinted With health and innocent
childlhiapriness, as She look . dolly frritu
the waiting hands, and With amble fiu.
gers 'quickly arranged the
dress; she thought not that; the "angel
over the right shoulder" was, nhting the
smile:of aatibfactiOn now resting upon the
faces l of her busy darling:, owl did she
.that she hod, strengthened their
faith in podia*. ,
In 'all, their little lies a mother's heart
of love , 'had never. failed thou 4 nor had
her Willing bandit; refused to tirngOtil sway
their little ditfionitiei ; and they, in their,
turn, had crowned 'her with lumittestien
ing confidence. Then] i eq enterprise
would,have seemed too InaiglitY for he l
unfailing fiovreis. 1 1 1 I
As these little ones could draw near
theirtnothet and wake known their want
in the aisuraokel diet, she would do the
right; even se should we ;draw Opar uuto
our Heavenly rather, who islukhre ready
to give, thau weto ask for.blessii:igs; who
is the sou* ofiovc; watt haslgitep proof
of his love to us; poor signers; in hotuptir.
ison With Whichithe untibing loie of this
fond meth: r fades out of .i•etuetubiraueo.,
pu l r, Father, too; does ,all thingi Weil.
gartbly pliieut3 may err, ven . frem exces.
sive :fobduess, ',hut he'
. 1 nnot err,' who
seethl all thingsl :Tom the beginning.—S.
S. l'ini es. I 1
ltpOverty, liko &AIL' Ima killed its
thousands, riebei, like Advid, beve killed
their' tens pf tixeusatids.
Mkre epitaplis are wri !bit to shoii the
wit of genius cif, ,tbe Livia than to perpe•
tuate virtues, of the dead.'
Ekix.EktEsishones t bank
rupt nnd ap !wriest one have this resent
blauce,they bath fail to. Make money.
liewituid Hill s aid, !Rubio% give a
farthing for the 'mad's' religion whose cat
and dog were not the 'better for it!'
Tl 4 Chinese Piave a sa3iino. b ; • that an un
luelci word dropped 'from the teunie can
not be brought bask alai,; by a conch add
six horses, , -
CHOOSEY UR 112 i MORTON T :at
411E8 AIKEN, txwisnuna, P
[An Orderly Sergeant of the
ayes led 300 comrades, skillfully, brat
successfully against 1400 Rebels. '
the papefs 'seem astonished that au•
should he performed by one withou
Wonder of wonders 0, Red Tape;
Thy' vitiage ,burits, with deeper red !
An humble Sergeant., by his skill,
His oti:iCades bath to victory- led!
' • •
Arrest bang him ! shoot him !
He's stealing laurels from the bro‘
Of GenerallSnobbs,lwhose shoulder s
Shhle iri!some 14.eiyii parlor ne,w.
That butahle Orderly a man ,
A hero,and untitled too?
A hero in his, old blue blouse?.
0, what jWill Uppertendotn do?
Him, no "brat family" may claim,
No wealthy hfs she
Shall he, by 'dint nil noble deeds,
To high and glorious fame aspire?
0, thanks Ito l God ! the web of caste
By wealth% by fashion's hands en
Can't alw'ays,hold.ln fetters down
The God-like l energy of mind.
Curse on the sly, wire-Ticirking arts,
Which place the ninnies in comma
And lead,- in, hectaiiimbs, to death
The i•eitt,l trde heroes of the land
0, Lincoln I I Generals do you want
Ifook through the crowded ranks.
The stalwart arms, and noble hearts,
Fit to be leailers of the free !
Aye I Cligose your Generals from the
The great Napole l on showed the w
His grim old thundei-bults of war-1
0 who were mightier men than the
maaf down -a
The follOwieg facts, culled f old the
fields of atecient story, may be 4f some
interest et lhe present time :
The city of Thebes had a uudred
gates, and Could send out at each gate
10,000 fightio,, ,, men and 200 cheriots—
in all 1,000,000' !men and 29,000 char
The army of Tierab,lKing of Ethiopia.
consisted, 0f1,000,009 Men and 390 char
jots of war,C !
Seostris,! King! of Egypt, led;lagainst
hip peemeeslooo,ooo men, 24,000, cavalry
and 26 ,apythe erected chariots. 1491 B.C.
Ilamiclar rser4 from Carthiae and
landed near Palermo. Ile! had u , fleet 'of
2,000 shilA lam! 3.000 small vessgls, titid
a land force of 00,000 men at 'ihe; bat
tle in wliie t he I was defeated,4so,ooo
were slain. i I
A Roma fleet led by RegulasL against
Carthage,,ccinsisted of 330 vessels, with
1.40,p00 'man. The, Cartlialleniim fleet
numberedsso ve+tels' r with 150,060 met,.
At the /mktle p,f Cannm, therelvere of
the Romatis inpli.dipipallies, 80,000 foot
and UAW horse ;; of the Carthagenians,
40,000 foot ;and 10.00 horse. Of These
70,000 -trere slaie l in 1011, and - 10' 1 ,000 ta
ken prisoner's ; tad' re ban half slain. -
11annihal during his campaigniin Ital)
and Spain,[ plundereu 400 townsiand de
stroyed acopoo i l uen.
Nines, the Assyrian King, abo
years b. C.,lled againk 'the - Dame
army, consisting Of 1.1700,000 foe
000 .horse and /0,000 chariots,
Italy, alittle before Hannibal)
was able to,Send into ;lie field nerl
Sew rawis ernployed two milli
in building the ieighty. Babylor
took 100.000 Indian prisoners at,
dus, and stink, one thousand boat:
Sennacherib 'oat ink siogle nigl
000 men 1,.y the deOtroying, al
Kings, 1p :i 3s 37. i 1
A 0164 time after he taking d
,i.lon, ;he forces of Cyr Sconitisted
000 foot, 120,000; horse and two t
Chariots armed with seythe,s.
An army, of, gyiubysas. - 60.000
Was buried up,ie the desert sand
rice by ,a south wind. i
When X'erxes arriyed at The
his land and, sea fore's mounter,
641,610 ei;en;,e;clusio of serval
nuchs, women, s„etlers &c., in
iering A,28.3,820.1 ~ ,Sp, say Ile
kIAIPTP)I4d 1 04,4te
, The ,army of Artax.eixesl bef re the
Ihitile titeilpa, ppouAt.ed to about 1,-
. 1 1 1
Ten ;Ade:sand horses and 100,00 font
fell OP the' fatal fieid rk liimi..
When Jerusalein -was taken b Titui,
I,loo,ooolPerished in ;virile - ea wa 'a.
The force, of D,ariu at Arabei a Ora
tiered•morii,;ban 1;00 ,000. T e per
sians lost 90',000 Men.iin this bat e; Al
ender atiotit 600: So aiys Moderns. =
Arian says !I tbe Fiergiaus, in thi, kittle,
lost 300,000; 'the Greeks 1,900' . I
- , o Greets 1,900.
Health' iti' anotker tv
Love is must inter
irunble tr,r',e;preirrt iitsel
Envy is unqueationr
I,9,ept, Ont a , Oorrt, ungr
Let theyOung man
,cnAtrage,.t?ll is Ito ci
rd for teal
,igible. Nviipa it is
biy a bi4i
• mous ,
who blipbea take
lot cf woe.
TERDISO4}.OO PER -41FRT1L
Sponges7--St'hat fire They.
Sponges belong to the lowest class of-•
snit:tittles a creature 'which may be said to
form the first I to 'nk.in the great chitin of i
life which ends: man. The Cams).
scopic protozoon' is lity no means nriff:,7
quently to be met, with in- stagnant ra
ters and vegetable , infusions. It is . a
nute apwi-flaid Mass, presenting scarcelz•
any exidence -of distinct. ,organizatien,
even of the simplest hied. When 0 . 4
creature, in the; course of its - progress,
meets with a•particle capable of affording
it nutriment. Its gelatinous body - §pre,adil '
itself over and around the preciou,s mos s
re so as to envelop it completely. Tha
substance thus taken into this extempor;
ized stomach undergoes .tt son of `diges s
lion, We nut rive
j aisterisl . being extracted,
and the indigemdsle part being. its if,
were, squeesed out of the body. Cif the .
mode of its .reproduction' nothing.yet is
known, save that it undergoes* ffinltspli s
estion by elf diVisiom and that part isan
separated from the mass, either 'by cut
ting or tearing, cant dayelop ihmuselVes
into independent 'beings. ''phis . livid "
speck of jelly which can get aIePF
out legs, and whi< convert any porttoo
of its substance into a s.orpach, may 1:4
regasdcd as a tyPl of protuzua. Iu tbe
living sponge Ililskeleton; usually corn-
POO of a fibrous` network; etrengtheced
by spicules of mineral master, is clothed
with - a sat flesh. Most sponges are
strengthened by calcarou3 or siliceoul
spicules. and the variety of forms pre
;imam! hese'bodies is almost_endless..
ft) the ordinary sponge, spongia 949: :
?lolls, the fibrous skeleton is almesv'en s
tirely i destitute of spicoles, but in flit
curious and beautiful sponge of p a t !:
dues the entire network of iibre_t_is
'posed of silex, and is so tritnspmeni fibs
lit looks as if composed of situu glass
With the exception of those that' p 6;
lon g to the genus Spongf*lffi, 411 koitt
Spongds are inaiine, but they differ very
much in habit Of growth;" some are phi?
found at considerable depths,. others
near the surface, and many atmeh"thent
selves to rocks and shells, beticseit this
tide Intake The aYerage depth at which
the best Turkey sponges are foun l l
thirty fathoms ; those of an ittiellot qUal:
ity are found at lepser depts.
'4ll the finer descriptions of fiponce.l
are I:btained from Islands in the 51044 f
erranean-, and the coarser clescriptinb film!
the Bahama banks and the coast be Flush:
cIM - About cite thousand bales, pael . !
weAtibts. 300 lbs., are shipped atinuall4
frsitit Nassau, New Irpvidence. spon . ,
fishing is obit) carried oOt Key West.ld
Florida, where! abatis 1.00.004 lbs., 4.-p.
gathered annually. Our great source
'spon g es, however, is the Bahamas. '
• The Andsor ;Island and Ole Oap
the great spOnging districts. Thti
sponge is usually found in grassy and
rock belches near the skorespf this grotip;
CrawlS for cleaning these are to be seen;
constructed with Makes abotit tab' ittekel
thick, driven into the mud, and, forming
a square of twelVe feet sufficienily . higfF
to.preyeut thersponge washius—onA;
these the sponke; is' soaked and .waStied—
frequently, after' having been bifried it -
sand about a week ten days, when i
loses the black annual matter, vithio hiti •
an o f f ensive smell. WhiM first gathered
the pleas are wrettelsed• from the toeltif
with a strong two Pronged fork filed tti ti
pole. The, spo nges are of Tour kin -4
vallow, glove, velvet-and mop. The Brat
is the wort .valu able ki n d; the secoa'
:the tomsliest, a i rVsed much in stables
for its softness. : n g5D,207.4p pituo4
of Bahama . sponges were imported Into'
pnited Stated. At Nassau, Nei
Prpyidenep ip may 1)6 peen in vast quanti
tiea op clear days spread on the roof t-f
the mouses, and hung upon fences to dry:
All she sponges Which tete hawked moo i. 4
our streets for sale,: either cope Iron, r s ei
West or Nassau. , .
h a feat
S : 0'
l ints his
POy is unqueolOutbU ?-high
pent; but n uiu4t. augmcious (Ake.
Ino . pyle
Let the coon; man who biti , hes takd,
.courage, for it is the polor Of virtue.
There is no magi Jo the wnof of th 4
rich man's velve6ig*st the malady:it-Uni
t:it:ring under the ;poor inau'i fustian jai:l;a.
The names of it/rinses arc for the wor:d
outside. When: you read .9.1.05 e Cod:
tage"on tki trall,thiuk of the lot lot thoritS'
To sin the regard of some people - ,*C4
yoUr hand id assist them along; pi giikk ,
~/.11e respect of ;otters, help theui
Flatel said that if m,en shpuld rise }'rBt
the dead and read their epitaphs, souse
them would think they had gut iii pte
' A clergyman., lecturing ono diit t is
female pariaimnera, said :—Be-
that our Lord Paid your sex
°Tidied himor or appearing fiii io
male after the resurrection, foi: it iv ;1. tITy 7
ly done that the clad pewit to
Tread pi sooner," • • f