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Fellow . 61:tizens of the nate& Stirtes
—ln compliance With a custom; as old as
•• the Government, itself, I - appear ''before
to'address you briefly,Hand to take,
- in your presence, the oath prescribed-by
the constitutioar,il the United States;l9
by the President' before he ..en
'..:tetst:upori-the execution of his office.
0:lib not consider it - necessary at pres
i.:'eritlof nieloldistess those matters of ad
•l•'•ministrat;iort about which there is no
'rola] anxiety or excitement. Appre
hension seems to exist moor: the people
of -the Southern States that iby the acres-
e'en of a, Republican administration their
property and their
,pears, :and person's]
securityare"to be endangered.i
There has never been pay, reasonable
- cause .far- such apprehension., Indeed,
the most ample evidenee , tO the contrary
has all the while existed, and was open
to their inspection. •
It is found in nearly all ihe published
. speeches othim Who now h4drqses you.
do-but quotelroin one of those speeches
when I declare that I have no purpose
directly or indirectly to interfere with tie
institution 'of shivery in the States wii4e
it,. exists. I believe I have no lawful
right to do so, and I have i o inclination
to do so.
Those who nominated - and elected me
did so withlthe full knoWledge• that I
had,made these,andinany ¶tmilar declar
ations, and had never recanted them.; and
-- - :'•niore-than this, they-f.placed in the plat
forni for my acceptance, and as a law to
themselves and to me, the Clear and ; em•
phatie reiolutiOn which I rt:riv read :'-
• "Resolrd, That the,maintenance in:t
violate of the rights of the States, and
especially the right of each State to ctri
der and control its own dontestiO institu-1
ttons according. to its own judgement, is;
essentiai.to. that balance-of power ;upon I
which the perfection and , endurance
our political fabric depend. and we de- '
nounee the lawless invasion by armed
force of the soil of any State or Territory '
no matter under what pretext; .as the'
gravest of crinies."., - .
I now reiterate these sentiments, and
in doing so I only press. upon the public
attention the most conclusive evidincei
of which the case is susceptible. that the I
property, peace, and security of no- see
lion are to be ?n anywise endangered by
the now incoming Administration: 1
add, too; that all the protectuni which I
consistently with Constitution - and
the - laws;eaube given, will be elteeiful!y
oven to all the Spies. when lawf4y de
manded, for Whatever cause, as croetfully
to ore section as another..
There' is much controversy about the
delivering up_ of fuzitives• from servico•or
.labor. - The ejausel - now read is as plain
ly written in the Constitution as any oth
er of its provisions :
- • "No person held -to service or - labor in
one State, under the. laws, thereof,' es
.. eaping into another, shall in consequence
of any law or regulationtheren, be dis-,,
tharged front such see ice or -labor, but
be delivered up on chtim of the par
ty to which . ' service - or labor may be!
. due." •
It is scarcely queStionedj that this pro
frsiou was intended by these who made
it, for the reclaiming of What we call
fugitive slaves, and the intention of the
law-giver. is.tho law. All members of
Congress swear their support to the . Whole
Constitution, this provision: as witch as
any other. •
'lo the proposition then that slaves
whose cases come tvitliiu •the terms of
this clause "shall be delivered up" their
oaths are unanimous. Now, if they Would
make the effort in good temper, could
they cot with equal unatrimity Frame
pass a law by means of which to 'l:eep
• good. that unanimous. oath.
There is some diffirc*e opinion
:whether this clause shotdd be :enforced
iby State or National: authoiities, but
Mutely-tlic difference is: not rexv mate
rial oriel If the slave- be surrendered it
tan be. of lielle consequence to Limn or to
others.sh,y which authority it is done, and
'any bocin any case be content
that this oath. shall be interpreted on a
merely S'ubstatitial controversy as to howl
shall be kept ? • lit
Again, in any law upon the subject,i
ought not all the safeguards of liberty
'known in civilized andhwilanejurispru
•. ecuce to be introduced, so that a freeman I
be not in any, case surrendered
slave ? land might it not be well, at the
same•time to provide bylaw fot the eu
tenement of that clause in. the Cunsti
Mutton which guarantees that ti the citi.
zons of each State shall be entitled to al:
the privileges,and immunities'ot citizens
in the several States?
I take the official oath to -day with no
.mental reservations and no purpose to
construe the Constitution or 'laws by any
critical rules, and while I do not 'choose
Inow to specify partidular acts of Congress
as proper to be enforcpd; r I do . swrge , it
' that it would be. much safer for all,' hoth
ip official and print( stations, to conform
and; abide by al' theSe acts , . which
. stand iinrepealed ; t mat ,be well
not n • violate ag c y oft them, tin - sting to
find impunity il•ther having been hell,
to be unconstiationait
It is seventy•two
inaug,ination - of a Pe
tied fifteen different I
id•eitizens have in
ficulty. A Idimiption of . the Federal
UniOn Itet . etoforei• only le*naced,li4 now
formidably attempted. I hold 04 in
,unßcial law, alid of
constitution;[ the.' ;Union , of hese
States is perpetnal Perpetnit iMi
-1 • 4
!plied if not cipreliscri inl the fundaMent- !
al lax of nit , NtittopallGdVerntuettiki
is safe' to assert thM, 'no Goverhpent
proper user had alprUvision in its' Organ
ic law fet!itsownterinillation.
'net° execute t,ll .tire'express pr'oviSirins of
our National .Coni l titlition, and the Vriion
Wilt_ endureforevr, 'it being
to destroy it, except by some action not
provided for in.the'' ibstrnamnt
Again," if the United States be; !not a
government propel., but an association 01
States in the nature of a Contract t4rely,
can it as a- contract be peaceably tormade
by lesS , than ithe.Uurties . who mule it.
One' party to a contract may vioh'tie it,
break It, so to2speak,,but does it Out
quire_all to laWfully, rescind De
scending from these prineiples,
we find the pi.opoSitiion that in legat-con
templation, the Unroll is!perpetual,,.con
firmed by thehistory of the Union.itself.
The Union isiuuch.older.than t he' Con-
• - T • d inl — 1; I
stitution. ;_t' was - forme act,' y,_t_ie
1 , '
,articles of PS.soeiation in 1774. Ilt. was
matured and continued in the beChra
tion of Indepeneence in . ;1776. l4 vvias
further Matured, 40 the faith of, !all the; .
"then tliirteen . ,Stafes; exPieSsly:;plightrd i Nil who cherish disunion sentiments
ay engaged that it ilvuld be pertietual ;tire now being educated to the exact tem
liythe. rtieles'oflCOnfed&ation i, I,77B,Tifer of doing this: Is tiierel:such perfect
and tiollylinfli7S7, one of ; the declared I identity of interests among the States to
objectS'forjorthitining and establishiqg the I com Pose a Mew Union flS ' to produce liar-
Constituti n Was: to form a more perfe . et I tnotryonly,and prevent renewed secession?
Union. But if the, destruction ;:of the I Plainly, the central idea cf secession is
Union- by One "or by-a part only l'ot the! the essence of anarchy. A majority, held
States be filwfUlly l possible, the Untim—is 1 in iestraint by constitutional cfiecks and
less than heft), e, theiConstitutionlhaviw , limitations. and always Changing easily
lost the 'vital element of imrpetuity. It I witli .lelilieritte changes of popular (pin
follows from these Views that td:! State. lions, and s , entiments, is the oply true sore
upon.itsloWn Mere motion, can laWfutly i reign of a free people.• Wkoever rejects
get out al the town ;. that resulvesi and it, lees,-of necessity, fly to anarchy or
orciiriancesl to that effect are le. allylvoid,! desputisni. Unanimity is impossible.--
and that :lets of vipleate within an i viState i The rule Of
. a minority, as; p permanent
or . States
l 'agaiiist; the authotity of:the i airangetnent, ;is 'wholly inadmissible, .so
United States qr 2; insurlreetionaryok rev-'that, rejecting the majority principle, an
olltiouary,laCcOrding, to eircumstaudes.— 1 :achy or despotism in some fa is all
k 1 1 , ! •. i 1 i • •
I, therefore, cunsider that in view; Of the i Elio. is left. ConstituthM and fire laws; ilieotilm ris I lido not forget the position assumed
unbroken, acid to:the extent oriny abILI by isome, that Constitutional questions
ity, I shalt takb care. as the Col. iiiution; are ;to Le decided by the Supreme Court,
itself expresPly enjoins;upn me,,typt the' norido I deny' that such decision must be :
Union laws of the ion be. faii . hfully -eXeimted i binding in any case upon the parties to a
in all the Stales. Doing this 1 debit to ; sui t. : as to the object of that suit, while .
be only' a ;;sinlide duty on niy. p'lti4 I- they re also entitled to very lii.zli respect
shall pt ifectly
r pei form iti so .fa 4 as nl anti et ii4iduration in all parallel cases by.
praufical.O. nitles; My iightful ,twisters.; all (;.t Lei ihigit I ti:cht:- of the Government,
the: Anietican pciipie shall Withhold : the • aid while It is obviutuly possible that
riquisition, or i ipt.ionle atitiniritatiye[nian- isneh decision may be ernMeons in any
tier direct; the.coMrarv. ;It trust this will' given ease, still ;the evil uffect following
not be" regarded as a menace, birt oily as i it, bein. litnit,d . to that particular case, :
the cleclated purPhsti ff of Ole Uniuti, that, with the chance that it may be or errult;d,;
it wilfcoastitittiont4 defend a nd:` ; 'maul-' and never become a precedent fur other
twin itself, fudqin:g dig dime in.t.ll be!casrs, can better Le b one than could the,
no bloods ied or violeime,land thero shall , et:il, of a iLfferent 'practice. At the same !
be none 1 bless i is forced upon the na-; time :I,c candid cilizio must confess that
tionarafitlmatv. ; The 'Amer etninled to! if the policy of the Government uptalthe,
me:will , lidiise - d to hoof, I l ocenpv.and p 05..., vital questions affecting the whole people
lroperty atfil .pme.es belongiing to is to Lc irrevocably fixed by the decish.ns
mment, and cJ i llect the t!itittes; of the Supreme Court, the instant they ;
its, but beyond.what:tmiy be: are made l in ordirary . litigation between'
for thesc objects, there I will be'-parties in personal actions, the pet.ple will
..m., no using of tutee ti t z o io - ,4 .orihai.o ceto.co to Ito their own master:, have
among (ye pc,,t4 ; un) where. :.; Nl' lime • i lig ti., that riteiit practically tesi;lned :
hostility to tile Uniied.S l tates shall ;be so; tio ! ir gm. ernment into the hands of ,the;
great ai.i.so ,uttiver3;al as to preveßt! coin.; eminent tribunal. Nor is there, in this
petcnt re;iident citiZeus front litildidg tile; view any assault upon the' Court ur the
_Federal - ( tildes, tlier!e wi r d be no attempt ; J Mtges. . It is a . dtity from which we way,
tO force Lbooxiiiiis :ttranfzet - s aiii4iz the!nut 'slititili to decide cases properly.
~ . . ;
people that object. 1 .Vii i ile the; ;strict le- i brOlight before thew, and it is, no fault of:
;gal right may existi of the Govertinient I thi..irs if others seek to turfs their decis.,
to enforce the eXmicise of these; ciffices.lious to political purposes. ! Oue section
the atteuint to do see, would be sot irritat-; cc our country believes Slavery is' right
ing and im,;nearly;impractical/WI Withal,; and ought to be ;extended, vbile the nth-,
that. I depn it better' to forego; ;hi' dicier believes - it is Wrung and ought not to:
time.; tlii- ; uses of *such; (..flicerS.l. The , be:extended. This is the only su . Aim•
mails; unless; repelled, tvi),l continue, to 1:1't dal dispute . ;; and the i.?ugitive .._. arc
furnished in all tarts of Ithe iiiiion,i So clause Of tlie Constitution,' and the law
tar as plsib:.e, the people everyrhere, for the suppression of the foreign slave..,
shall hawe that seirse of ;perfect- I.,.efurity, trade, ate each as well enlaced, perhaps,'
which is mat faVorable to (mini titruglit' a, any law can ever be ima community
and reflection. The course here iiitlicat-lwhere the mord sense of the people im
ed -will be . fullowedoinless current dvents I . perfectly supports the law itself The
and expekeliel shall] show a Muditieation : great body of the people abide by the dry'
or change fti be prOcr, and ineve4 ease i legal obligation in both cases, and a few
andlexigency inyibUst discretion 1 %VII be break over in each: : This,l think . , can-';
exercised accordiUoy to the ciretiMstan- not be perfectly Wed, and it would be,
ces neturhy existing, and with - 4 view i worse in both cases- after the separation;
and hope Of a peaceful silutiott ;of the; of the a:elicits than before. The foreign)
rational troubles ;and the restoratii,in oflslave•trade,f now impertectly suppressed,
:fraternal sympathies stud . athmti9o.-IwOuld be ultimately, revived without re.
That there are persons in one Seetipn orlstrietion in one section, while
. fugit l ivd
another who ieek t 6 des!) oy the Union; atislaves now only partially surrendered,
ali events, and arelglad of any iprethxt tol would not be surrendered at all by the
do it, I Will neither - affirm nor, t4'iy.---lother. • • ;
Btit,lif there be such,l need Midi eFs no Physically speaking, we cannot' sepa-.;
word to thrmr. ;. To those, howeyer,l who I rate—we cannot remove our separate sec-,
really love theXtiion, may I not ; speak ?Itimis from each, Mimi, nor build •an int. ;
Before entering upon so grave 4ii Otter as passable wall between them. A husband
the destruction °f l our national fab"rii: with; and Wife may be divlorced and go nut of,
all its beinelits, itS . Mieinories, anditsilMpes the preetice and beyond the reach of each
ivuold'A not hewull to asearaio Wily wee
,other, but the different.parts of our coup
do it ?': 31'illi yob hazard so des', rate a try cannot do this. They cannot but re
step while any . p4tion of the illsiyhu fly; main face. to face, and intercourse, either
front have to real!, existence? NV lid youlamicable or hostile,- must Continue be-'
while die certaitridls you fly to arc Igreat•! tween them. Is it possible, then, to
er thhulall the.real ;Ones you fly' from ? I wake tliaVintercaurse wore advantageous
Will:fon risk i the:commission bf;s4 fear- I or wore Kitisfac.ory after separalku than
ful anuistaker II All profess :. t414,' , c0n- before?
. Can ;aliens make treaties easier
tent in i the 1.7 lion ,
j . - if all coin:tit Uttonal than friends:can !mike law? Can trea
rigl4 can he Imayntaincd. , -'I. it,l true, ties be more faithfully enforced between
then,' that any right, plainly ;Britten in adieus than laws can amonsz filiends l Sun
the ;Cqnstitution has been denied ? 1 pose you go to .war. you cannot fmht al•
thinkimut.. ; llappily the human ;tilitni is ways, and when, after much lus's on 'both
so yonstitnted that tio,party can relich topsides and no, gain on either, you cease
the'imitaertV Of 41,in g •.tilis ! Thiiik. if fighting, the! identical questions us to
y.da 'tin .of ;in ale just:ince l lin t,vllieli . a terms*. intercourse aid :wain upon you
piainlywrit let; ,firti l iiikti of tbb CH.:4in'. `.l.liis country, with its institutions. be
tion,)tas ever been denitd, If, liy ilileLlungs tot he people who inhabit it. Wheit
were Nrce of nMI-bets, a majlirity . iliould I ere'. they shall grow wearyof the existing
• • . if any clearlY i si,ritten Government, they can exercise their om
it might.: in:lmmoral stitutional right of, atuendinm, or their
revofutieri ;;,certain revolutionary right to dismember or oYer
tiright were It vital throw it. I cannot be ignorant of the-
it our,ea*. ;;All the fact that many' worthy ;Ind patriotic citi;
ties and tlf.
tu ii l o4 - iens . af`rAlesirous of bavit.g. the oatjtonii
lured to ey illUastitutiou atueuded. Whilo I wake
ears since the firA
resident undey our
Durina t hat pe.
d very distinguish
r ~ ~_
firtna'tions and negations, gornties • and
proliiiiitlonSi io the Constitution; that
contrnYetstes never arise concerning them.
But. no erf.,%anie law' can evfrlbe framed
Provision specifiallyinpplicnble to;
every question which way occur-in Fn.'
ticable adMinistration. Sro foresight can
:int i - eipafe,:nor any . decument of reason.
able le;g:h cnoinin express provisions for
all ssibie questions. • Shall fugitives
from! labor.belsurrendervd by Naihnial Cr I
by State authority ? The' T A3onstitution
does ,ttot .expressly say; tist Congress
protect Slsvery in the Territories? The
.ConStitution does not expressly 1 say.- 7 -
Frow quplitions of this class springailut .-
constitutional controversies,' and we 1,31.
videlupOn them into majorities
oritiel-g. if •tire minority will not acqui.
esce it ne: l mapL; :
,ty must, or
,t h e
,' eld t ease. there is no alternative fur
I continuirgthe Government but acqUics-
Icene l e on the m c side or the-other.. If a'
tninizity tin such a case secede:rath
er than acquiesce, they wale a precedent
which in turn l wi;l ruin and divide them,
for a minority of their own will secede,
froni vtlt en) IWilenever a majority refuses
to be controlled by such a minority. For
'instance, why may not any! portion of a
new, Confederacy a year or two hence ar
bitrarily secede again, precisely as per.'
I Lions of'the,present Union now claim to
secede freth it?
no ‘ re p o mm endatio n:
sof amen" o J
ly recognize the full authinitY
ple Over the whole subject.
ed in either of the • modes p
tine instrument, itself, and I s
oppose a fair oppOtunity hr
the people to, net Upon it. I 1
to add that to nie . ithe Four •
seems preferable', in that it a I
ments to originate witlr titej ,
selves, instead : of only permit l i
take or reject proponitillS o f
others not especially eltoseo
Lose, and wnichi tuigllc not
such a.... they would wish eitl
- or refuse. I uriderstatrd thin
amendment to the Constite
passed ..congress, to effl
Federal :'Gorerniaenvilliall ne
with the IdonteStie instieutiot
• ineluditidl.hat tafip.ersons hel
To avoid inisconstractinti of I
said; I depart froth my 'purl
speak of Ipartietilar attiendth
as tb say, that,] :holding, suet
to ao* be implied! constitut
I E i' , II n
have no,objectiou to. its et
I press and irrevoelible.: ! ! !!
The Chief , t)lag,istrate de ! iVes all :his
,tite people, antrthey ! have
conferred•uote upon him tolfir!the terms
for, the Separation of , the ! states. The
people thentselVes ! , ;*ttt do , his if they
choose, but the Exectitive; as,;such, has
I nothing to do with it. ', 'llis! 'uty:is I O ad-.
inirlister !the present Guyer ! inept as it
cante to his hands and 'to ittansmit t nn
impatredlbv him ,to his sucessor. .IWhy
I• • - t •
should!there not! be!,a patie continence
lin' the ultimate jirStiee of ,th people ?
I Is tlltre any bettcfr or equal ,110pc lii the
wm!ld!. ln our, present d rrettme s, is
leither party without faith' ottbeing 1n the.
t ! itzitt •If the r AIIA ii glity !oilier of Nit;
1 tu'llis With his eternal truth atcl j:iStice
I be IM l ,your gide'blf the North, or on !yours I
!of l I IM I South, that truth had that jtist tee, '
rely wtll kurely prevail by the judgimitit of!
414. great tribunal, the Anterior people !
IByl the frame of the Gever.;nient . trider,
which. we live, this' saute peiJple
i sould 1
F-wisely,'gtve icir ; public serVatit's but lii•
tie power for imsehief. and have with
econd AvistlO 1 •
n fr oVided for, 11 return oil
!that '}ittle to their own ihelnd's at' very
: slo - Jrt intervals. :While tbe Ipei. , ple retain
their virtue and Ivi ila nee 1! to, A d ininis: :I
I 1 r-. ,•li. : .
tratio'n, 'by ally lestrett: % . steltediress or
folliv, can Very seriously li s njUrc. thel,,flov- !
ern l ment' In die short sti4elnf tour !years. !
1. Mk eimmr , yinco, one !and hill, ithink !
~!-;:illiiiY and iwi.ll:upoij thil; Wlrile snltj:•et I
I hitig %,tilMtble
! can b;', testi by laking 1
!-.1:11 1 e ! If there ban object to litr ! ry 'an v
ofyi - M, in het, haste, to aisten whimr ! you
w0, , 1d never take delibgately, that" ub .!
I ject Will be frutrated ti , y ! it. Sitielt 'sit
you as are how gi:.i.,,ili:-liep ::itill hate the!
old (tMtst it titiliM•:nimpai!red: •andlM the!
sensitive point; the taw , o 1! y :!sue ow:), f , am. I
ins tinder it:, while. the trew!Adinmistra 1
i tioh Will have tie' iniinedial4 rtow(l.11, if it I
won.ld, Jo change either 4 If it w ere ad-1
I witted that you who arellis.! , ,.: ati:•fied 'hold 1
I tIM right side in '~ the dispittii, titer li, still!
no IsiOgle reason . for preeillitlcte, action..
Intelligence, patriotist6; !Chi iStianity.,
and al firm' reli l anee on Ellin Who 0:t!..t . , tie...!
Cr Iveiforsaltet !t this
r favot' , eillland.'n i.e still!.
'cut r ape l tent to adjust, in the, best ii.iiy., all i
out• present ditiienitv. Ini'yt:uri hands,,
toY ' dissatiStied fellow etitok ! ryting and !
not in l tnine, is the moinentlons isi•lue 60
oil ii War. The Crovernitieta will; net-as,
;ail vim. You can haveltnlconliiitt with I
i • , • i
• I 'l
mkt bein„73;ourscl% es t 1 I ! laggressors: You I
haVe 'no oat Ii registered lit'i! Ileav_ch I to de/j
stijoyithe Gover,nuteM, Itiltile eatltv, e tif.e!
i , . [.• ----ii, / ,1
inbst !solemn one to `; preserve, iprotect
and delend" it. ram 11)0 to cloiitV Wel
are not enemies !but _friends.'
! I‘.!,e !must I
no. be enemies,' Thetrith I passion may,
live trai ned,.it must ncitilbreak/ourl bonds I
dflaffection. • The mystiOlelts 4f mem- I
.orY stretching 'frin every?ba oril ttlejleld and!
patriotic grave to every . fling lniart and!
ltearthstorte ail over thisfbrload laitd will(
yet swell the chorus of Or . e I,Uniul), *lien I
aripill to ichect, as surely ;they will be, by
crib better andelS of our qature. I' 1'
IDur'ing the delivery 13glIti;e'''Inatigural.
which; cionimeneed at 1 ; 21/!!o'cloOt; ~ltel
President elect Was tnueli:ebeeredlespec
ially i:ti any alluSion to the Illtioni!!: .
Ill're;ideat 13110h:than iindChief4JUstice
Taney'.listened With the tit:toast aiiention
tol every wbrd' of.the addkcs l s. • 1 I
At,•the'coneltisionl 6f the laddreis Chief
Justice Taaey ladininisttired the loath of
office; as follows : II .! ll'
, I, ! , ABItAllAlt• LINCOLN; .do solemnly
sW•ear,thatl will' faithfully !execute the °nice
ofjPresidetii of the United .51:ves, antil will to
th'e Last Or tay,afdlity ~rev rvia. protiet, and
defend the ConStitution of, tjhe linitediates."
!The President, in takihig, the midi, was
m•, ]:, , , $1!
most ,voetietously cheeren by theu v an.. as
setublage. • ! - i I , 11!
1 L ' I J I C'
NO&E but a phystetau 1 -or.ws to ,
a relilible tateytiv'r is.n6ded by . .qte .peo
plc. .611 all SitieSilol its;an : ali emr,Mß t ni• i
ties everywhere. there ati4. Muititudds that
t;Uffer ;fron t catnplaitits that outliitg but
an alterative cures. lOm'cea‘gre4lttiany
of then' lnive,,been tuadel and put ,abroad
With! the assurance of being ettectuo:,
but :they fail tu'accopplilt.the cur" . i.,, , s they
pioMiSe because they hare not thelinirin
sic virtues they .claim. i[ I t tbis,4(ate :of
the case, Pr - j.:C. Ayer' f .V., Co.. of Lit veil,
hiave 's;uppl iet.l us Wit It a 'eem'pound l';'ktraet
of Sitt.apatilia. which ilue's pruVtj to be
the 'long derived remedy.] Its -,pcettliat"
41Ittremeefrotii tilter kindted prep i ttfat ions
ht market, is that. it cures the tlisea4cs for
which it is recouttnendtd, Iwhileltibey doll
not.: We are assured oe Ohs tactiby tutor'
titan one of our intelligenti:Pitysteitis in
ibis neighborhood, and Ilutve. the further!
e . yidenee of nut.: own experience Ot : its!
tinth.—,-Tenitaise; . lltiyi , Cr, iiiirlvillool
- - i 1 i , 1 1
A , i 1 ,144 . 6ent. 'lleaiir Lector! eis
..), D on
Hon. a.illsk. T..,fhlP. !.:
, . . , .......,
1 i . 1- '!' W.tSIIINOTON, Feb.:24, 186E' -
EDiTritt.OF. POTTER 301.1RNALI •- ..- i
-,Sir ==This article • Ili y:lttr...last;•pttfier
tinder ate head of "Border State liropo
sition4:', ntit being quite; accurate inil , ts
'stOcuient of the soy:until -Proposition..the
. • ,
onti. , i`elr l titi to Territories. I 'lctili',-to -- ,
Ourfecv it, and while on the stiliject , ;-(0
_a very few words
ntli;eis.t i The articie Mating to the ex,
l isti.nk T erritories Zli4 ae:reed to by me and
1 , -r. -1
relturtc: to the Republican .ittcus 'were I
as foil() s :
. That .-the line of ,' sp? 30'_ shall
ite -- ruii:i through all the. ~Cxistioir, Ter:
ritnries i Of tile United Stittes - , that. it) all
north' of tliiit. line. Slavery shah be fore,. ,
• i .: l'i
or prohibited, and south of.that I,le,ttei
-1 ther i Odngress nor a Territorial ieg.islature
Shill !Irettt l ter pass any, law' either fur or
against Sla very, a.:d , when any territory
south of that liner containing a sntricient
populatinn for - .one nintiber, of Congress
cin",:in area of 60.000 square iiiitls sluill
apply far al missiolt as a S'ate,lit shall be
udinitted itli s or without Slarent,- as its
I [ -
constitt4io tray determine., - 1 .
'Whit this correction idle propositions
which are - qo be regarded as the basis-of
I :. 1
a lettlettienFt arc as follows : !
1.. Recommending the repeal ot.aWthe Per=
sot - ml , l;OJ' eriv bills ' ! •
That tli'e Fugitive Slave law he fin - tended
for the prer/nting of kidnapping, and! so as to
priWide Cdr the egnalizatiOn of, the c:onitn.s
soners'lfee, ili.e. • ;. ~ ,: 1
3. Tlin t the Constitution be so amended as
,to i'prohihit luny interference with 'slavery in
Trip l y of the Skates where it notr:exists; -
. Tti . ,.tt ci)ngress shall not aholisli slavery
'in( the Souther() dockyards,inrsenals,l&e , nor
in the ikistilet of- Columbia, without the Ina"-
sent of ,l'tlitr4larid and the conceal of the in
habitants- or the District, nor with Out. cont
petis a ,t ion . 1
B. Tnatt.Congress shall not interfe l re : l with
the,inter 7 Sti l te slave trail.
I 4. Tlvit•tli t ere shall be . a perpetual !prohibi
tion of de.' l i
- the African slave tra.
went, I fut.
. of thei p9O
I be es!rels.:
reseritwi .. iti
• wilIN lurention . uode
I) , iq a. wok,
ii . gli oa t Irby
for, tli pur,
be. to ofisely
t ai p4osed
I . .iot't, seen has
. 1 , .
ct: that the
... . 1.. .
its of St..-tes,
0 IV se Vice.
i lwhat I have
Poie, not to
ents, sio far
lanai .Iw, I
la• 0. made er-
6 . 0 ',sl:itt . 0
affurqiutz . 1,
lairs:' for t
env 101 s '
(here 'would seem to be lo k impropritity in
:Aiiii t lief State s. ;to repeal then!: . .flies „ ,/
bill- are yety i.ff en4:ive to ,t lie Sou r th. tiein g !
re . . : u:liid E 1 at , a violh lion oi . their 6pll:•iii.,,
iiialall'riLfhlts and! are one iof theicairt
eausq of cOnirliiiii.a. . Tip.l Ni.,alhodg.-
~ I • ti .I
es , - that ey a re :reqiiired to t protect
r ! '' '
free plersuils •fronil unlaW Oil Iseixure under
t i(e Fit'ultiFe. Sl a v le Law ' y (w. When. the
...4,'.iithl ~ ezoiLents tk.) eiiiiiigeyihe Iligitive
Slare'i r, Law si? as; to pie 41'1 all! danger
twin-,,t1 s source, is it arlreas, liable ill
T. 4 ~ s
Illetil 1i) - the! iepeal' tif these Oiltirisie;
1 bi.ls ,I. I iii.l .not'twiegartt it. tliLietto , •, ;
iliit •aided the eitustut !tractl.cdusented!
ltd it.'il; - , 1 V ', 1 ;i . , :
. , . T . ,ii ihi d prAl:Posit ion:- Which PrOpo-ed 1
tliat liic CoistitUtion'slimin be . SOanielid i
H e d a. • , to
. , a any tinter t.itiict, ki
LCi;oieress) ywitli Si f t very, :in 'ii,.y; ~,,i f the!
w 7 ....re it mow exists; sia.l;ily puts'
I into, , ',ii distinct and tiiiiiiistaliable form a.
LttiettliiC tl a,t in& alwaysl,been hell! by the!
Itepnblican paro. sir fa6IS I kit Vitil-!
I,mit i except on. c hate
, declared it in' i
i,itelollicio q . .Platforin,,lin all - our - ponveril
,iiin :. , :atid - pee;:lies be:Ore the eleetion.tm I
, h - 1
1 every loce. , •ion and in every form, and'
1. , . , . 1,
, tylieriastrep by !Inlet) men in thO Border;
Stat. , ..S to Put •it in such iii shape filat there I
lenehl be i'lo dotibt about it, that. anpre-1
I liensionsxeited by designinLt and un-:
,prineipled .demagognes as to the purposes
ofoitr il pa tv iOight be allayed. and -the!
hands !of rnion men t.trengtlietied, was-1
! L I
JO t i requ •St unreasonablel- , Ifl , ..refused!
by uS :toi,•Lk. it they . riot , wit 1,1 some i Show of I
['reason do bt pair sincerity' and gOod faith I
I .e theldecilarationsi we have Made upon I
;t evcity . Ihe Subjedt ? I 4
epublican : member of agree there was I
lop neCeAs ty for itl aS the , Constitution]
POW't., !oives CongreS no' pOts•i• over 1
r bjcet „. ,a.. -
Congress ithont exceptiot ~ hasithis ses
isiuti; vete that'. it' did :not; Still 'l. did ,
init., l thiiil; it eitheL wise or ncedssary tot
ti ti •
ti• ' was;
refuse tiii rerjhes,,. es pecially
i s it
lalledged, • nil 11 have. no.dOubt truly, that:
jilt wou ld • end to hasten ra'be hod re-1
P , , ,I ) 1
i i , •. ,
.yentcatot- I taistilembernient of tne union.;
; • ' ; . .1
The fourth and fifth
s, propositions were ,
''' C tit ti n. ' i ii i
„riot, iu:ne wis u Dila, ,aiiii...ii„ii.ents butt
i ;. .
i star ly jtiot resolutions :pf Congi•ess,
';irgre , ing tut ‘ to, du what inibody ,proposes
lin d ',i and which I presume 1 nut! a single!
I gepidilican in Coligress ° .eunreinplates ti
ling, prl att2iOpting to do'.. 1t is iire....lisely,l
I the' irround taken by Mr. Lineolli tin the ;
snbj r Cet b.fore his noniitiatibif ivid Cleo.l
tiois4,! el No Republicati : t . .hat . .l, , i . lino: of be-j
•fieves, 'tlia it.,WoUld ben - wil.a.i expedient
, Li) attemp 'it, and vet this liariniess res.: i
Itrlutionth it. May be repealed by 'any sun-1
I sequent Ogress that thuiss proper toe
I du sO '' 'is 7.• r ardeil ii scents, as a 1
gerti:us co ,cdsston to Slavery. . I
I Lptiss. .)y the sixth proposition, as I'
presunie r to one would iibjeet ii.Oliat,.
1 The Territorial question is the; only one
of Eva!, difficulty, and has: exereised the.,
friend:l:l:if It he Linion,noire than via others.
To appoint it So as not to' sacrifice our
prinopies and yet satisfy the lt,o•dee
States: wa ? entitle-4i, nably a ditlieuit to k,
atit.E tltere 'ore 'is nut yet acCom plis heti n i nth
iiie2. i.o•'-et Be. Yet I. firmly believe •the
terat,S;of illy , preposit oil Li t, n u ! real v .
ii , ig
,tip of illepublicaii principles, and: they
eerttialyi ilid at the tio.e;satisfY the.rep.,
tesetitatiyrs of the 'l3order ISlasic Staies.
.1:t will bel observed that it dies tiut ,recutt-
Ulu! tilav r,y an Cl.tistiLi ,-, ' a'uuLii — d.' thai,i
i'' ,. :l 1 ~ 1. ' • • - - , . 1. • 1 : - 1 '- (• •
Iprcmositinn :is'corrected by 31r.
u alPive --Eu.] •
two prnposititTs may be re
being . jn;ttly 13 . gar,1,d as
facilities fur fi-ee
taking tbetti inn) slavery,
believed it tit:cessiiry' f lo pass
lpreventi.:m : thisl, crime,
i on:II-liberty bills Wiwi* the
ive I.“i :hall be altered ho as
the very evil tttal itersMial lib
ere intended to renteclly, then
line, - s -- 4a -- -- - --- 11 - 1 -- or , oes not esta is :or protect it 1. .
there.- If simply agrees to let the sub;
jeep remain 'as it-is anderthe eat of ;850;
and, allntes, them to come' !into the Union'
When -- of sufficient' p . opulatiou, with or
without Slavery, as provided by the ! , :a Iu i
act: : i : I. have. krig tuaintaiued that free:
dont needs no legislation' fur its' ptutec-
lion! it. ilki l'errittities. 1 All it asks or !
requireils '-faie plav and; an honest
tout i ploration of affairs. Even witV)alt
tit . injustice and-pnressiltu of theAd,,..
e • overn utent t itli7its!.l3urderlltiffiacs,
eufrupt. Judges,!:dishon dst officials sB4,
'regular allay s -it, overturned, slayiry. Id
KlitisuS . "and . Itittinplied. - II it do
this with all these ' fettriiil'Odditigiiii4lo:
lwhat r eliatiee Slavere would havelwithillit
of these - aids' it would !not be ditri - -I' j .
enilt 'to foretell. ' lf the twenty tpilliuns;
oflactive ielliment and ettertretie' frel'i:`•
• men cannot outstrip . the 11411 tuillion 'Uri
idle•aud- enervated -Slave-holders its tliv
PossesSion of the the Territories, it
be passing strange indeed: The Chie4t,
Platfortil 'says Congress shall legislate in'' .
keep Slavery out of the Territories -t w h* n .
lacCessary." -- Is it a necessary" in thel',
I ease of New Meilen: &c., to legislate 1
!I dO not belieVe it, ink .do I believe a Al: .
,g,leilepubliean in Ctingress ddes. ..Ctidee_
la pro slavery gOverriment and pro-slave ! ry.'
Federal office-holders of every shade, %title
i all their itiftnence,! but twelve slave ltafe
,int roam:ed . there in theliastcight ,
!Years. Is it possible that under directly'
,opposite influences the in'stitution LI like::'
IN to increase; or even live? . .7 • .
But I Shave already said more ema i l
iiitendt.d,"and I shall stop with" he single
remark That I- prefe ! peace : and the pre::
I-serration-of the lit ion to war and- di+. :
Iluti“tt, when-It can be - had on honorable'
terms, and without the sacrifice or a y ,
valuable principle. llelieVing that 81-
titer dishonor nor a sacrifice of principle
was involvedlin the terms proposed,-and
m, that the interests of freedo and' pro-
I gress, the happivest, and prosperity ofn.y
country? are .all 118 the i 'side of peace,'
I therefore thought i my duty to agree to
!the settlement, --,,- . - - ' --- 71- -'.
lick Or not my c
• Yours &C.;
, 4 31E8 T. lIALV..
theig 1 did Ai
stiments must eiceitl
at - 110,tt
/1C0117)1:110 , ORT, PA.,
ir4l.3hg I))oitii ofj, Db. 28, Is6l.
1. S. CHASE.EDITOR•AND PUBLISHER.
- gp:V•• No paporin s been issued fro
this'iolliee the 'Fr-i wo weeks, In.' can e
cin'enee-of the siektitss of the editor. I 'e
are not i;sit.rely recov_ered yet. but by
as'sistattee of an obligine craftsman- we
arc enabled to iret i the JounNAL befO:e
its renders this week,_ in order to
the l'iez-idei,t's•ltiathiural. and in just i ce.
to !Air' 'Member , of.Qottress,. to I t tly As
enannunteation before the' people of Pot 7
ter at the narliestt moment iu our py,
.er• off 3 er . no . cninuients upon. it
° btu jouti.NAT, will be issued next we
as we desire to entirely regain -our stretig
before - testing it with the seyerity nee!
airy publish our paper. Furthermol
we do nut dare to be prostrated again
too soon putting siu• nerves on trial.
may have lo suspend, a !urger time !'
wzint of, Incites to go ahead. Will s
some of elthese owing us - come . to our r
cue ?-' k
Ca4ius M. Clay, has 1 been . !.
pointed Minister' to Spain, U. C. Ju
Minister tJ Prussia - Wur; L. Dayton
France, Charles . ..F. Adains to Engle
George 1 3 j Marsh . to Italy, and Jan
Watson * Webo to'TtirieY. .
Cobb, fOrmerly of the Ti.
has theisneg Urth of dish?
in' Clerk in the NV:ir Department—s
ry $1,06.1; Ni' le are really glad of i
he well deServes the, promotion.
12” : The State fit,g,ielature, •aftet . , a.
. 1 .
temporary. adjounment from the to
; inst.-,- have reassemble, and•
elected - thb [lon. DAVID •WILMOT . to . flit
7, --, ', -
the vaeatrcy in the U. S. Senate oceas on.•
..edby the !resignation nter° ---7
of Mr. Ca.
This. is,alust.and long do,erved com ; pli-
Ment to a pixteer RepUblilan, and .re,
fleets honor.alikeon the , Legislatcre and
the people. Mr. Wilmot's teruk exriiree
March 4th- 1863, when •if the; party
should continue in the ascendant, ilelifilL
no doubt, we hope,' be reelected ;for t,
full term.'he vet ' t, 5 ~,
Welsh, 34 ;
the 'following, riatM
one of them stilted
capable and Worthy
Seci7etary fve SIM . T . ew
ard, if ,New- York 2
Seet7efirrit.Vihir;Talittry.—Salm' l o P.
Chase. a !Dille. 1 !-. • ~ , •
Sect.qu'r -- ;.. y 0 firer_ - Simon Cam rort,
I .' I ll i) .: lia:ia ll.e _
" :Mosier Ger,
13 -', . 4/f Maryland:
',... Harney Genirat
. th.souii.• - ; • •
, - 1 }
• grd'pates or