Newspaper Page Text
VOLUNE EL.-NUMBER 40.
r e [lO lines] 1 insertion, - - 50
" 3 " •- - - 'sl!so
tbsequent insertion less than 13, 25
three months, 2 50
U six " 4 00
" nine " 50
one year,. ..... .6 00
fi"gure work, per sq., 3 ins.
out six months, 18 00
- i 4 I AI 10 00
. 16 00
wed Single-column, each inser-
a per yeff. •
than_ friar, • 3 00
additional insertion, ' -2.00
•celamn, displayed, per annum 65 00
eiX months, 35 00
" three " 10 00
" one month, 600
", per square
o lines, each insertion under 4, 100
(columns will be inserted at the same
Dtrator's or Execut o r' s Notice, 200
r' Notices, each,
's Sales, per tract,
, e Notices, each,
I Notices, each;
istratar'e Sales, per square for 4
or Professional Card;, each,
ceding 8 lines, per year, - - 500
Vilitorial Notices, per line, 10
I transient advertistinen4 must be
&ranee, and no notice will be taken
rtisements from a distance, unless they
upanied by the money or satisfactory
aOliN S. MANN, .
AND COVNSELLOR AT LAW,
tdersport, Pn., will attend the se.eral
ins in Potter end V gear_ Counties. All
;inegseutruited in his care win. receive
ampt attention. Office on. Maio st., oppo- -
e the Court House. 10:1
F. W. KNOX,
tNNY AT LAW, Coudersport, Pa.., will
arty attend the Courts in Potter and
ijoining Counties. 10:1
ARTHUR G." OLMSTED,
.SET 4: COUNSELLOR. AT . LAW,
/dersport, Pa., will attend to all business
rusted to his care, with iiroinptnes and
:ity t Office in Temperanbe Block, see
deer, Main St. 10:1
LVSY AT LAM', Coudersp - Ort, Ps., Nvill
id to nll business entrusted to him, with
asd promptness. Office corner of West
Third sts. 10:1 •
;13:r YiIICEEt, haring erected . a new and
\secant Shop., on the South-east corner
Third and West streets, will be happy to
!ire and fill all orders in his calling.
'siring and re-fitting carefully and neatly
le on short notice.
lersport, Nov. 8, 1859.-41-Iy.
0. T. ELLISON,
icriG PHYSICWi, Coudersport, Pa.,
:ctfully informs the cit4ens of the
and vicinity that he will promply re
:to all calls for profzssional services.
:e on Alain st., in building formerly oc
ied by C. H. Ellis, Esq. t 9:22
SMITH & JONES ,
MS IN DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS,
Fancy Articics,Stationery, Dry Goods,
ac., Main st., Coudersport, Pa. •
D. E. OL)ISTED, •
AR IN DRY GOODS, READY-MADE
athing, Crodmi, Gavearies 4 Ak.e4, Mai):
mdersport, Pa. 1Q:1
M. W. MANN,
.rt DI BOPES k STATIONER,Y,MAG
INES and Music., N. W. corner of Main
1 Third sts., Coudersport, PA., Di: 1
41 LEN STOYES, TIN & -SHEET MON
WARE, Main st., nearly opposite the . Court
HOUSC, Coudersport, Pa. Tin and Sheet
Iron Ware made to order, in good style, on
short notice. . 1O:1
F. GLASSMIRE, Propiietor, Corner .ot
Ilais and Sect:4d Streets, Coudersport, Pot
ter Co, Pa. 0:44
11113E1, V. 31,1101,4., Proprietor, Colesburz
seven miles .4.orth of Gin
'4l4lArt' AM the wollsville Road. 9:44
C. LYM.4.l.i,.Proprietor, Ulysses, Potter Co.,
Pa. This House is situated on the East
terser of Main street, opposite A. Corey iz
kis store, and .is wrtl.adapted to meet the
wants of patrons and frienis. 11.:11-1y.
D. L & M.
ZALERS 1N Day GOODS, OSOCEDIESs
Ready.lladc Clattriag, Crockery, gardtvare,
/7 "ks, Stationery, fiats, Cap., Soots, Shoes,
P ainter Oils, Ate., ae., Ulysses, Potter Co.,
rk 14' Cash - paid for Fars, Hides and
Pelts. 41iitinds of Grain taken in ezaltangA
rio trade. -12:20.
Z J. THOMPSON,
& WAGON MAIMB ar * d
PAIREIt, Coudersport, Potter Co„ Pa, takes
this method of inforiniug the pub
lic in general that be is prepared
to do all work in his line with promptness,
aworkman-like manner, and upon the
most accommodating terms. Payment , for
Repairing invariably required on delivery of
the work. ma. All kinds, of PRODUCE
Nan on account of work
„..,.,.......:..' _ - ---
_.. . .
! - -
0/ ' -.; HP :- : -. , ' ; •-'
-'-' - I 1 ' 0 . ... _
1 ' -
-_ .... ,r,....../. ~....;.:.-•...:,..,...:.:_.,.._.,_..i.
She pacing down the vineyard walks,
Put back the branches, one by one,, •
Stripped the dry foliage from the stals,
And gavitheir bunches to the sun. , „
On fairer hill-sides—looking south,
The vines were brown with cankerous rust,
The earth was but with summer drought,
And all the grapes were dins with dust'
Yet here some blessed inlinence-rained
From kinder skies, the sesisou through;
Of/ every bunch the'blodm remained,
And every leaf was washed in dew.
I saw her blue eyes, clear and calm I
I saw the aureole of her hair;
I beard her chant some unknown psalm,
In triumph half, and prayer. •
nwiden of the Tines !" I cried;
"Hail, Orcad of the purple hill!
For vineyard fauns too fair a bride,
For me thy cup of welcome filly
"Unhitch the wicket; let me in,
And, sharing, make thy toil more dear ;
No riper vintage holds the bin
Theu that our feet shall trample here.
"Beneath thy beauty's light I glow,
As in the suu those grapes of thine;
Touch thou my heart with hive, :dad lo I
The foaming mist is turned to wino I"
She, pausing, stayed her careful task,
And, lifting eyes of steady ray,
Blew, as a wind the mountain's mask
Of mist, my cloudy words away,
No troubled flush o'er ran her cheek;
But when her quiet lips 'did stir,
My heart knelt down to hear her speak,
And mine the blush I sought in her.
" Oh, not for me," she said, " the vow
So lightly breathed, to break ere lung
The vintage , garlaud ou the brow ;
The revels of the dancing throtig.l
1 To maiden love I shut my heart,
Yet none the less a stainless bride j
I work alone. I dwell apart,
Because my work is sanctified. •
"A virgin hand, must fenddlie vine,
By virgin feet the vat he trod,
Whose consecrated gush of wine
&Comes the blessed blued of God
"No sinful purple here shall stain,
Nor...hate profane these grapes afford;
But reverent lips their sweetness drain
Around the tahli of the Lord.
A' The cup I fill, of chaster gold,
Upon the lighted altar stands ;
There, when the !sates of facial - en unfold, •
The priest exalts it iu his hands.
"The censor yiel4s - adoring - breath, - •
The an-fu.l anthem sinks and dies;
While God, who suffered life add death,
Renews His ancient sacrifice.
" 0 sacred garden of the•vinc!
And blessed she., ordained to press
God's chosen riuta 4 ,-re, for the wine
Of pardon and of holiness."
"I can't stand it any longer," mur
mured- Mrs. Wyman, as she threw her
self down on the crimson lounge in her
sitting soon, and surveyed its tasteiul ap
pointments with a dissatisfied. gaze. "I
must just have a new carpet and curtains
for my sitting room: This ingrain looks
shabby enough, and those yellow 'shades
are a digrace to the front of the house.
They'll do well enough for the second
best chamber, but I must have a Bras- I
sell carpet with lace curtains to match
on this room, That pattern was exqui
site that I saw this morning : white blos
soms, with green leaves scattered over
russet ground. I must get hold of Har
ry this night and make him fork over-----
These'men are so hard to get ,a dollar
out of,when they take a botion, and Har
r), has been so glum and pro-occupied of
late, that I've been glad to-let him alone.
But I shall just Maiie up say Mind to go
at him to-night, fpr I must have the car
pet and the curtains, before Miss Mor
gan comes to pass the day with me.', .
Mrs... Wyman was a pretty woman,
somewhere in her early thirties.. he
went through this, monologue, while she
-was removing her gloves and unfastening
her bonnet strings, and brushing her fur
cape, and smoothing the fringe of her
parasol, foAlie bad been- down Broad
way, making ,earls, and pricing carpets at
S. R. ZELLY
,She was oue of that innumerable com
pany of women whose souls have become
tenamored - of dress and elcganee, And a
false, showy, luxurious-style of living.—
The great purpose whieti governed her,
was to have ail her surroundings as smart
as her neighbors, or the "set" in 'which
she moved; composed mostly of women
with as zniscreble, petty aims and ambi
tions as her own.
Mrs. Wyman had been for eight years
a wife. Her husband, from s. book-keep
er had become a junior partner in a large
wholesale dry goods firm, and the lady's
social pretension_ had kept pace with the
inerear& of her 'fortunes.
But us she sat there, with thelwilight
drawing its curtains .of brown and gold
about her, she heard the front .door open
and'a well,knowa step along the hall. It
paused a - inonient; and then came heavily
up the' stairs, and the door opened.
"Oh, Harry, . I'm glad to - see you,-for
/Are scnnething to say to you,
@boteD...l.o ti)e,,fi-iiielpitls of Iht' o . Alkoehot, qriD
. 11ie.it$e.tiiT6 . 1i(,)_ii ,0f `:NO?liiiii, k...i10101117O:oa .:iibv.---
" AU Gone':9
COUDERSPORT, POTTER COUNTY, PA., TRURO:IAV,, 4:1:INE 21 . ;:1860:
"Have. you;,--what is it?"
The tones struck her ear coldly, but
Mrs. 'Wyman had set. her heart Upon a
new carpet and curtaius,.and she, resolv
ed not . to be frustrated; but she would
have paused if she could have seen her
husbands white face or the fearful smile
with which.he answered her.
"Why. I've seen' to-day , the greatest
beauty of a Brussels carpet, and. a pair of
lace curtains, that wont for the sitting
room. You know our . old ingraia and
Shades are not fit to be seen ; and beside
Major Morgan's daughter is coming here
fur a day or
,two next week, bO, I,want to
order them to-morrow. ' The whole vion't
cost more than sixty dollars and you
must let nie have the money.'
"Must I" , Mr. Wyman sat down and
►auglied<--a laugh which 'fairly made his
wife's heart-stand still.
"Harry what ails you—what is the
'Carpet and. curtains !" the man mut
tered, more to hititself than to his terrified
listener, "when we haven't a roof over
our heads, and the sheriff will soon have
all - the furniture that's under this."
"Oh, Harry, what do you. wean'?" and
now Mrs -Wyman sprang to her feet
with a face as white as her husbeld's. .
"It means; Annie," speaking-with a
slow, distinct, but unnatural utterance,
"that I've failed to-day 7 —utterbr gone to
smash. I'm a ruined man."
Oh, where was her wifely, heart:, her
womau's true, sheltering tenderness, that
now in the hour of her husband's need
and weakness, shedid net spring brave
and strong, and -hopeful, his good angel
to his side
Alas ! alas I what selfish t cal=
lous hearts, vanity, and .pride - , and petty
ambition will wake ?.
Mrs. Wyman paced tip and down the
room, and wrung her hands and subbed.
"Oh, dear! dear ? what'shall we du!
never show my face on the street again.
I wish we had all died before this bad
happened to us
A deep, hollow groan answered, her as
her hirsband buried his face in his hands..
Ay—he might well say "all had gone !"
"Papa,—mamma, what is the matter !"
The little voices Caine slipping, into the
room, and the two children stood there—
a golden-haired, brOwn-eyed;-boyand.girl,•
an their Young sweet races were filled
with wonder and dismay, as they lo4ked
at their parent's.
"Matter, children," answered the moth
er turning wildly upon them. "Your
father's failed to-day, and there's no help
for us; •we must starve.". •
The little girl stood still a moment,
With Wondering, frightened,. puzzled
thoughts, going in and out of her face.
Then she turned and ran very eagerly up
to her father, and endeaVored with her
sniall Ifands to lift up his face, and dipped
her little fingers into his thick locks of
hair. "Papa !" she cried, " must we
starve, you and mamma, - and Eddie and
"Goa. only knows, my poor child 1" an
swered the wretched man, and his tears
fell thick into the golden' lbcks which
crowned his fair child's head.
And the wife and mother kept on her
Walk,' meaning and sobbing to herself;
and thinking mostly of her own mortifi
cation, of the social caste which she had
lost, and of all_ those ten thousand petty
trials which her pride must experience,
when her husband's failure became known
among her fashionable friends.
At last 14. Wyman rose up, and rush
ed ,on,t of the'rootn, like one driven sud-
denly mad. lie went up stairs. He had
nothing to sustain Min s neither faith in
God nor hope in man ; and the wife, to•
gratify whose tastes he bad been .reckless
rnd foolhardy in his business relations,
had failed him in his sorest straits. •
There was a quick, sharp report of a
pistol—a heavy tall, and it was "all gone:.
with Harry Wyman I
. This last blow roused the wife frOm
her selfish sorrow ; but tears 'and self
reproaches could not bring back the
Oh,, wife or mother, rho shall read
this story though your riches shall take
to themselves wings and Vy away, way
y o ur hearr, have precious jewels locked
up, and laid away in its closet, so that
whatever way he spoken of you on earth,
it• shall never be said in Heaven " All
Gone! All Gone!" - v. F. T.
SOME person in Huntingdon, Pa.,
writesns follows to a. friend in Bellefonte,
which letter we find i with the annexed
comments, in the Centre. Devzocnit :
"May, 7TB ISGO.-i4 , Abogt two weds
aerre had Dr, 'Hiram Cox, State Chem
ist of Ohio, here for 'several days, anti
had a goodly variety of Brandies, wines
and. Whiskey analyzed ; and of all the
Wines and Brandies examined, there was
not one drop of pare Wine or Brandy in
them, Among the rest, I-had the gallon
of Brandy you bought for me (for medi
cinal purposes) last Spring was a year,
tested, and there was not one drop of
pure, Brandy in it., According to the
Dintor s calculatice, In a barrel of this
Brandy, there wereabiit two , iallons ol
Corn Whiskey; "the balance made. .up of
water, Aqua. fortis; Prussic' Acid, tiled
Pepper -&c._ .A .barrel of this liquor
woulitcost :,—Barrel, Corn -Whiskey ; and .
drugs, in andibout 62. H-32 gals. per bbl
at five dollars pergalloi4 would amount
slot sl Is.not -.this thing • intolerable ?
Pittsburg rectified-Vtirliiskey attestet4 had
ni,t, one - drop pure liquor:of any -kind ie
it, coarpiliaed' all of poisonous drugs had
.."Lager Beer ° . „was examined; and com
posed :of,water,:, Henbane, Lied Pepper.
Aqua fortis When .ke-pnt the: teat
to the ;Brandy: yhwtot itie;:it: ttirned
bleak as ink, this was the Prussic Acid
—it was.i6 black the, Doctor said. you
could write your name legibly with it.—
He put a bright steel Spatula in it and it
came out cotroded, black as ink: and
"The Doctor's lecture's and tests were
the best Temperance lectures we ever had
here. He tested and found some pure
Itve Whiskey distilled in, this County—
Nothing else of the liquor kind, found
There no*, ye "suckers" is an ex'posi
tion of the"mixture which you will swill
&min your throats daily, with so_ much
_Just cast your blood.shot eyst over
the list of ingredients -Aqua fortis,
Prussic acid, lied Pepper s Henbane, &c. ;
a list. of.very line articles, indeed. It is
for the privilege and "pleasure" of drink
ing- such "stuff" that you spend your
means, degrade your character, loose your
reputation, break the hearts of your
friends, and it will be in consequence of
thus appeasing your morbid appetites,
that yoti will sonic day find a drunkard's
grave and a drunkard's hell.
HERE is a queer, yet startling calcula
tion made by Jntlge: Capron, of New
York : In New York eity there are 18,-
000 dram shops. 300,060 drinkers, each
drinking two gills of liqUor,being 6,000,-
000 gills, or 805 .barrels' per day-300,-
000 barrels per year. • This would fill a
reservoir 900 feet long, 00 feet wide, and
63 feet deep, and could' float four large
ships in full. sail. At 830 per barrel, it
amounts to $9,000,000. , Out of the 600
persons - tried before the Court of Special
Sessions, durlng.. the last'year, not .. , more.
than 94 . were sober vrhert arrested. 'Paul
pets in the city cost 63,000 ; 000 a year,
Ii: You want to keep; your town, from
thriving, refuse to take y l our home paper;
turn a cold shoulder-to everyyoung me
dial* or beginner in tiisiness ; look up=
on every new coiner with a jealous scowl,
or as a auspicious - person; discourage'all
you can. If that won't do, cry them
doln, or rather go Abrixil for your wares
than pay your neighlxirs your money;
but above all, don't Itd vOftiv. Then just
in proportion as you can - k.- - et others to do
the same, will . yourobjeet he accomplish
ed. But ifyou are pi blie spirited and
wish to see your -town thriving, and your
townsmen prospering, cld the very reverse.
The Character of Slavery.
lION. CHAS. SUMNER.
1 OF MASSACHUSETTS, '
Delivered in the U. S. Senate, in Committee of
the. Whole on the State of the Unions June
[The folic:feting' are the opening remarks of
Mr: Sumner's : recent argttruent on the bill for
the admission of Kansas. ;,The speech is very
elaborate, occupying seventeen and a 'half
,columns of the Globe. Nbxt week we Will
give another extract, following the present
one : etubracinzujuSt and-eloilttent philippic' in
portraiture of the Barbarism which fouryears
ago attempti4 to. stifle the Voice of Frocdom
by a brutal assault upon 31i Summer's
- , ,
SUMNE4. - Mr. Bresideut i under
taking. now ; after a silendo of :more
four years, to - address thd Senate on this
important subject, I slicild suppress-the-
emotions natural to such an occasion, if
I did nut dcelafe on the threshold my
gratitude to that Supreme Being, through
whose - benign care I an. enabled,: after
much suffering and many changes, °ace
again to resume my. duties here ancf.to
speak for , the cause whieh is so near my
heart. To the honored Commonwealth,-
whose representative I am, and .also to
my immediate associates in this body,
with whom I enjoy the fllowship wbfeli
islaund in. thinking affil c conceruica the
Republic, I owe thanks! which I seize
this recipient to express' for the indul :
genee . showeon.e throughput the protract
ed seclusion enjoined by . medical skill;
and trust that it will loot be thought
unbecoming - in me to put on record here,
as an apology for leaving my seat so long
vacant, without making - way, by resign
ineut,.for a successor, that I acted under
the illusiOn of an invalid; whose hopes for
restoration to tis'naturalhealth, constant-.
Iy triumphedover . his disappointments.
- Mien I last catered into. this aebate,.
it. became, my duty to, expose
against ,Kansasi. and . ! tti- intist upon ,the
immediate admission of that Territor . y4s -
a. State of -tliii ; With a Constitution .
forbidding - Slovery.• Titue:.hna passed ;
but the question remains.* Resittnitigthe
discussion precisely where I left • am.
happy to avow: that rule of Moderation,
which, it is said, maylventUre even to fix
the boundaaies of wisdom itself,_, .I have
no -per:kind. griefs to otter;
. onlY:O barbar
ens egotism could intrude these into this
ehaurb . er. - • Lave persoriOl- wrorogi to
zisenge - ; only a.barbarOuitiature couldat : .
tempt . to wield that vengeance,Which
lougs-_to the,Lord.- : The years.-that. bait. .
intervened and the tombs that have been
Opened since' I tipolte have their Veins
- ,too, which I cannot fail to heat , Beside - 8;-
711 a am I—what is nny matt among the
of among the dead; compared witli
the Question before us ? It is this alone •
which I shall disctiss I open the sr-.
gument with ,that, easy victory which is
The Crime, againstitansas stands forth
in painful light. Srareh history, and you
cannot find its parallel : The stave trade
Its bad •;' but even this enormity .is petty
compared with that -elaborateeontrivance
by which, in a Christian age and within
the limits of n Republic, all forma of con
fstitutional liberty .were..perverted ; by
which all the rights* of human . nature
were violated ; and the *hole Country was
held trembling on the cdge of civil war;
while all this large eXiaberance of wicked
ness, detestable in Itself, becomes tenfold
more detestable when, its, origin traced
to the Madness for Slavery. The fatal
partition between Freedom and Slavery,
known as the.Missmiri Compromise ;- the
subsequent : overthrow of this partition,
atria the seizure of all by Slawery; the
olation of plighted faith - ; the - eonspiracy
to force Slavery at all hazards into Kan
, Sas ; successive invasions by which all se-:
curity there was destroyed; and the elect
oral franchise itself was trodden dorra ;
the sacreligious seizure of the very polls,
and, through pretended forms of law, the!
imposition of a foreign Legislature upon
this Territory; the acts of this Legisla
tura*, ',fortifying the Usurpation, and,
„other things, establishing test
oaths; calculated to .disfranchise actual
,to• Preedorn,- and-seeur
ing the privilegei of the citizen to actual
strangers friendly to Slavery; the whole
crowned by a :stature—" the be-all and
the end-all" of the whole Usurpation- 7
through which Slavery was not only rec
orrnized on this beautiful soil, but made
to bristle with a Code of Death such as
the world has rarelyseen; all these I have
fully expoied on a former oddasibu. And
yet,.the most iuiportant part of the argu
ment was at that time left untouched; I
Mean that which is found in the Charac
ter of Slavery. Thiztnatural sequel, with
the permission of the Senate, I propose
now to supply.
Motive is to Crinie as soul to body;
and it is only when no comprehend the
motive, that we can truly coinprehend the
Crime. Here, the motive is fouhd in.
Slavery and the *rage for its
Therefore, by- loniCal necessity. must
Slavery be discussed; not indirectly, tim
idly, and sparingly, but directly, openly,
and thoroughly. It must be exhibited
as it is ; alike in itslinfiuence and in its
animating character,' So that not only its
outside but its iusido may be seen-4
This is no time. for soft words or ex.
enses.. All such are, out of place. They .
may turn away wrath; but what is the,
wrath of man 7 ThiS is no time to aban—
don any advintage in the argument. Sen.'
ators sometimes announce :that they re—
sist Slavery on fiolitieal grounds only ; and
remind us that they say nailing of the
moral question. This is wrong.. Slavery.
milk, be resisted not only on politic-al
grounds; but on all other grounds ; wheth
er social, economical, or moral. - Ours is:
no holiday contest ; tier is it any strife of
rival factions" of White and Red Roses ;I,
.of•thentrie Neri and Bianeld ; but it is ttlj
solemn battle betteen Right dud Wrontr.;l
between. G t oed' and Evil. Such a battle
cannot be knight with excuses, or With!
rosewater. There is austere work bei
done, and Freedom cannot consent WC:Huai'
away any of her weapOns. *"
If I were ditiposed to shrink from thisi
.the . boundless assutuptionsj
now made by -Senate's on the other sida
would not allow me. The whole ehartte-I
ter of Slavery as a pretended form of
ilization is put directly in issue t with
.a hardihood which banish
ali reserve- on this, side. In these as-1
sumptions, Senators. frons . South Carolina'
. the lead: Following.Nr.'
_who pronenzieed Slavery the:
most safe and stable basis for free, institu-,
tions in . the world," and Mr. MeDulEe, ,
who did not'shriult front calling :it !' the
cornet-stone;ea the republican ; edifice,"
the Senator from South -Carolina [Mr.
.I..Lit.:3lOND]. insists, that " its - forms er SAP
ciety are the best its the.world.;" and his
colleague- [Mr. Chesnut] takes up the
strain., • One Senator from Mississippi
[Mr: Da , ?is] adds, that Slaveryitis.but:a:
form..of civil government for those who,
a4e not fit to. Wad themselves, '
.'. an is- •
celleague [Mr. trOrrn] . openly .
that it is a great moral, .and pe
litical blessing-7-A blessing to the, slam:
blessing to the'-niaster.",- One Sen.:
ator from • Virginia, LMr. fftinter i j is!
s4lied vindication ot•.what he ie pl4setti .
to call " the sodal systeni of the , slave-s
lintdiug States," Omits Slavery-as " thw
nOrmal condition ' , of huinan
..ibenefititil to the non-slave.owner as kis _
to the slave-owner": 4--" best-for tlits-liap-f
piness of lxithiraces," and,,inenthnsiastith•
advocacy, declares, "that- till! , 'Vier 'DIP.
stone of the mighty arch, which- by ,it*
concentrated strength , is* able to: sustain r .
oer social superstructure; consists •ierthe,
black marble block of - African alavery.t -
Knock that out ; " he says; " and AtuF
Mighty fabric, With all -that itupholds,
tipples and tumbles to its frill." .Tbese:
*re his.. very words; littera in debate
here. And his colleague, IMF. Mason,] , .
Who has never hesitated •Where Slavery'
Was in question, has proclaimed that it is
,t ennobling to both master and elave"--4 , -
a word which, so far as . the slave was coda
derned, he changed. on a subsequent day ;
to "elevating, ;- ',assuming ,still, that it ht,
" ennobling" to the master--Which is aim ! ,
ply a new f'ersion of au old assumption;
by Mr. MeDuffie, of South Crirolina, tha t.
Slavery supersedes the necessity of att•
drder of nobility? )
Thus, by various voices, is the
iinde for Slavery, which is put forward_
defiantly as a form of civilization; SS if ire
4xistencd were not plainly incdrlsistent
With the first principles of anything that
dan be called Civilization, except by that
figure of speech in classical literature;
Ivhero 0: thing takes its name from some
thing which it has not, as the dreadful
Fates were called merciful because they
Were without mercy. And pardon the
.llusion, if I add, that, listening to these
Sounhing words for Slavery, I am reMind
ed of the kindred extravagance related
hy , that remarkable traveler in China; the
late Abbe Hue, of a gloomy hole in which;
he was lodged, pestered bz nioetptibles
and exhaling noisome vapors, where light"
and air entered sli-4 , by a single narrow
aperture, but style bychinese pride the
Hotel of the Beatitudes.
It is natural that Senators. thus linen.
isilrle_to the trite _character. of Slnvery f
Should' evince an equal insensibility to - the
, 'true character of the Constitution. This.
I :is shown in the claim now made, and
I pressed with unprecedented energy, flee
g ratitia g the.work of our. fathers, that by
1I virtue of the Constitution,-the pretended
;property in man is placed t beyond the
ireech of Congressional - prekibititt even
within- Congressional jiirisdiction, so that
tho Slave-master May at all times enter
the broad outlying Territoties °Mae Union
with the victims of .his oppressien, any}
there continuo to hold.tbeur by hash arid
Such are the two assumptions, thefirit
an assumption of fact, and the second an
assumption' of "Constitutional 'law, Which
are now made without apology, or hesita-,
time. I meet them both.' ,To the first I
oppose the essential Barhari,sui . of Slave:
ry, in all its influences; whether high or
Vs, as Satan is Satan still; whether tow."
ering in the sky or squatting in the toad.
To the second I oppose the unanswerable,
irresistible truth, that the Constitution
of the United States nowhere recognizes
property in man, These two assumptions
naturally go together. They arc "twins"
suckled by the same wolf.. They are the
" couple" in the present slave haat. And
the latter rennet be ausiered without ex:
posing the former. it is only wheo
Slavery is 'exhibited in its truly. latefui
character that We can fully appteeiate the
absurdity of the aesultiOon, shish, ,in'
defiance of the, express letter of the Con
stitution, and without a single sentence,
fibrose s or wordi upholding human b•nt
inge", yet foists into this blameless text
the barbarous idea that min cap hued"
property in man. • • -
'On former occasions', I have discus set -
Slavery ouly iiicidnutally; us; 'in - u'afuld : -
ing the prineittle that Slavery is Section ,
al and Freedom National; in exposing. the
unconstitutionality of the Fugitive Slate
-Bill; in vindicating the' Preltibidoir of,
Slavery in the Missouri Territory,; iu ex ,
hibi.ting the imbecility :throe hour` the
Revolution of the Slave' States,
pecially of South Caroline; and leitly s lii"
. Grinie as KatiltlS;;-. 4
On all these oeessions, where I,lsve tin%
ken at length, I have Said too little of Cie
character of Slavery, partly beeaase nth;
er topics were presented, and partly froni
a disinclination which I hate aftrayi_felt
to press the argil:wait those
I !mew to have all the sensitivenese!: , r rt.
"sick man. But. Gud be praiScd, thie
time has- passed, and the deliate is NOVC
lifted from details'to principles. Gramlet
debate has not oCepred
nor cart this debite - :elose or t , nlysidgi.clt:
cept, with the triumph - of Ifreedetu.
nom , AssitylP,MN., euura
begin with the .0404)tion of faet.
It_wes the oftea-qeoted remarit
Wesley, Who knew, well loctto
alfalfa limit to touch heathy-that" Sli;o4