Newspaper Page Text
5pr0p. , ••. , . , .0
a! - intetniglt B ur'
a. ender . the legislature of Kansas to the
free-state party, .611041 d not diminish the
vigilance of the stui-Lecompton men, es.
Sracially ~rla takes in connection with
us Silence as to the position he may
snake of Ake state executive officers who!
were .chotsa at tlic saute time, cad the I
political clamour of whom is s matter of
iardly brig importance than that of the
pgislatuie„ The postruiemeut for more.
than twu months of any announcement]
Addle result,unt il t l DiOnlgt4 When the
,j4ecoinptou party seemed in danger of de.
feat, is a significant and suspicious fact.
Nor can the least weight be given to
the crafty and meaningless amendment
of mr, Pugh to .the Lecompton bill, in
leclarist; othst nothing in this act shall
he eonstrne4 to
_abridge ov infringe any
right of the people asserted ire, the masa
tation o/ Kansas at all times to altar, re-1
-form, or abolish their form of government
in Buell manner as they may think prop-1
er." For it will.be observed that the ou.l
iy right to alter the constitution referred
to is s•the right asserte4 iii the onstitit, ,
soul Elist constitution declares no
sent eight shall exist before 1864. The
pststeoce, therefore, that the people of
Icansas, under the Lecompton constitu.
tion, would be able to change at once and
rat ;heir, pleasure its oppressive provis
ions, dotis equal discredit to the integrity
of its authov, and to the intelligence of
those who may be deeeived by its awliig
It will thus be spit that it is hupossi
ble for the Administration to recede, be
,a sethat would be to surrender every
thing. It lM may impossible to make
July compromise. that shall be anything
but a fraud, because the tecomptonites
dare not consent to any compromisp that
noes not secure, their object. It is only
by garrying out their original programme
that they can give Kansas a pro .-slavery
government, and secure a prealavery rep-
Aesentation in the . Senate..-41IN .110T/Vg
O' THE STRUGGLE.
f3IP9RTANT FROM W4SETI
THE VOTE IN THE HOUSE TAKEN.
gIUTTENDEN'S AIiENDMENT ADOPTED
MS, 1'20; NAYS, 112.
SPECIAL. DISPATCH TO THE .N. Y. TRIBUNE
From Our Own Correspondent.,
:WASHINGTON, Thursday, April 1, 1858,
The House is full, with the expeptiou
of Messrs. Caruthers and Harris, who aro
both expected. The crowd iu the Capi,
tol is immense. Mr. Stephens takes the
Dewart has gone over fully to the
Administration since his interview with
the President. The members of the
Cabinet were in the House most of last
night, sitting up with and nursing doubt
Au immense audience now crowds the
galleries waiting the demonstration.
One o'clock, p. 211..-Mr. Harris, pale
its h coryse, has just been brought in and
Placed in his scat.
Mr, Stepbeini 11115VOS to take up the'
Scouts bill. . Mr. Giddings objects. The
Yeas and Nays are ordered on the ques
tion, "Shall this bill be rejected." Yeas,
' :L5; Nays 137.
Mr. Stephens yielded the floor to Mr.
lilontgotnery, who moved to strike out all
after the!; enacting clause, and substitute
his own amendment.
Mr. Quitman proposes to amend Mr,
Montgothery's amendment, by wrtbstitut ,
ing the;eriginal Senate bill, striking out
Humphrey Marshall proposes to amend,
Nr. Stephens declines to yield the floor,
hud demands the previous question. The
yea. and nays ordered ou 31r, Quitman's
3 p. m.
Mr. Quitman's amendment was rejected
by the decisive vote of 16t) to 72.
majority of the Lecomptomtes voted
to strike out the amendment of Mr. Pugh,
which gave the people of Kansas the
power to change their Constitution when
ever they choose, showing that they did
not helleyg thqt the: Lecompton Consti
tution out be changed 4Util
The vote was then taken on Mr. Mont,
wery's amendment, which is but slidtat
ll.different from Mr, Crittenden's, and it
was pased, Yeas 120, Nays 112.
Bewart and Burns voted in the neg,a-
We, The vote is just declared, amid
applause in the galleries. Keitt, in a
towering passion, moves they be cleared,
but is persuaded to withdraw his motion.
The final voteon the passage of the bill
as amended is : Yeas, One Hundred and
Imenty ; Nays, One Hundred and
Ticdre. A motion to Jecopsider wag
made l And laid AA 0:10 Mille. tiurral
Thf, vote an the ring4age of the as
Amended is the no As an adopting the
critteudon AnlouclumisAlhamely :
y4 4 1,F,-.—.7b Amend.
Washturne, Farnsworth, Lore
joy, Kellogg, Morris, Harris, Shaw, Robert
Smith, Sam. S. 3litslihll-9.
Indiana—English, Foley, Kilgore, J. G. Da-
Yig, WiAum Coljisz Case, l'ettit —B.
Km/44y- immyoorl, HUMP!". MAtisaim.-2.
Ataine..-_-Iroyd, dibott, Norse, L
Mary/and-r-RipApu, J. M. WiTtais, H. Wirs-
3fassereltusal4 , -Nlialt ! 44n10z DaNtell, Co.
iftfrlingante, Pacts, ftuoch,47lll4.4th Thayer,
Choffie t &m.o. -11 ;
Michrgan.-,fiotcyr4 4 Walaron, Wal4Firige,
1 • eve Ilanspshire--Pike, Tappan Cragin-,3„
. . tramJers.a—Clawsin, Robbins, Adrain--3.
Korth Carolina—GlLMF ft-- 1, .
1 jfetr York— . Baskin, It . F. Clark, Murray,
ThAmprnt Painter, .Spinner., Cie= •
11. - Coekiiitcke.",7fatreinin; - Beiliiai;VOodiOin,
Hoard, Granger, Horgan, Pottli., Parker, Kelsey,
Andrews, Sherman, Burroughs,
Ohio-Pendleton Groesbeck, Campbell,' Nich
ols, ;fat, Cockerill; Harlan, Stanton,Hall, HoF
tan, COX, Sherman, 1114; l'mplcia, ltairence,.
Leiter., Wade, Giddings; Binyhans7lll.
Pea ntylvania--.E..L iforris, 0.-Junes,
mas t Roberts, Iliad, ; Grow, „ Life , Coracle,
liciatgamery, llitehFe, Parvianee, Stewart,. Dick
Rhode Istand-Durfe.!, Brayton--2.
Vermont-L-Walton, Horrill, Royce- =3.
irisiveasia—Potter, C. Q. If h. hbarne. Billing=
• [Total Yeas, 120.]
Atabrtmn--Staltworth, Shorter, Dowdell;
Moore. Houston, Cobb, Curry--i.
Georgia--Seware, Crawford, TYLLPPE.,
trek Wright, Jackson, Hat, StePhens--8.
Indiana—Niblack, Hughes, Gregg-. 73.
Kentucky—Burnett, Peyton, Talhott, geTrett,
Elliott, Clay, Mason., .S2eyensou- - -8.
Loui.4amt—EusTls; Taylor, Davidson, San-
Atf,/and—gtewart, Kunkle, Bowie--3.
:Vicenure--Asnensos, Clark, Craig, WOOD..
.Jfiesinippe—Lamar, Davis; Barksdale, Sin,
Neu Jersey-111i) - ler,'Wortendyke--3.
North Carolina—Shaw, Rutlin, Winslow,
Branch, Sonles, Craige, Ctingman.--7.
New York—Searing; Taylor. 18feltles Kelly,
Maclay, John Cochrane, Wand, I.lusseil, Cor
Pennsylvaizia-414.enc.c, - Landy,
Glancy Amen, Leidy, Dimmick, WHITE, Ahl,
GILLIS, Reilly, Bev:art—lL
South Carolina—MApeeu, Miles, licitt, Bon
7'ennwee—W atkiris, S. 4. Smith,,
Savage, READY, Jones, Wright, rhubt.movFnit,
Atitiwg, Avery- 7 10.
Virginia—Garnett, Alison, Caskie, Goode,
lit/cock, Powell; Smith, Faulkner,. Leteher,
Clemens, Jenkins, F i dtutmdsun, Hopkins--13.
[Total Nays, 112.] Absent4Caruthers, of
The house then adjourned,
Mr. Crittenden's amendment as passed
was, materially improved and modified
since it was first offered in the Senate.—
Instead of saying that the Constitution
with whieh Isiiiisas is now admitted shall
be submitted to the popular vote, it re
fers tti it-merely as a Constitution framed
at Lecompton. It pjeventS less than a
majority of the - Board of Commissioners
from certifying the vote on the Constitu
tion to the President, thus rendering the
.Kinkapoo frauds and the like fruitless.
It rejects the land-grab ordinance, and
punishes-. n l voting or fraudulent re
with severe penalties.. It declares
that if Lecompton is rejected, and a new
Constitution ratified by the people, Kan
sas shall be absolutely in the Union thus
preventing any factious resistance to her
admission nest Winter, or any deinands
for compromises as conditions of admis
The Americans of Washington are as
rejoiced at the result as the Republicans
and the Douglas Democrats in Congress.
The Buchanan men mourn and threaten
alternately. Old Buck is very gloomy
and indignant. The whippers-in insist
that the House must and will recede ; but
the anti-Lecomptonites are firm, and say
that the man Wito yields shall be branded
by the whole phalanx as diSgraccd.
Mr. Harris of Illinois came iu frum his
sielc 'room, 'determined to vote, if it cost
him his life, as it may. He; with Messrs.
Hickman and Chairman of Pennsylvania,
voted to reject the Senate bill absolutely.
Every auti-Lecompton Member should
still stay at his post, No um) can know
the hour at which the Senate may send
bat& the bill.
Pom a Special Corre..qpondent.
WASHINGTON, April 1, 1858
When the action of the House was
made known to tbeASenate. it receded
from the determination to adjourn till
Monday, which had been previously made,
and Mr. Green moved to 'non-concur in
This motion will be adopted to-mor
row, and then the question for the House
will be whether it shall kill the whole
The. usual proooeding is to insist and
ask fora Committee of Conferenim; but
no such inclination is entertained. No
conference is required, because the two
Houses radically disagree in principle.
Therefore the bill as disagreed to ought
to be laid . on the table, whence it would
require two-thirds to take it up, or a mo
tion to adhere should be ,earried, which
would give, Leconipton its effectual qui
The Senate has kept back Minnesota
with (designs of using it in the present
contingency, and it is not improbable, if
the House should adopt the course sug
gested, that Kausas may be put on as a
rider; but such scheme will be defe§toci
in the House.
From the Tribune of April 3d
The Senate yesterday considered the
Utiuse- amendment to i the: Kansas Admis
sion bill, and rejeeted:it. by a vote of 32
_to 23. This is. as we eipeeted. Mr.
Sumner was hastening- to Washington
from thi,4 City, but had not arrived when
the vote was taken. There were, of course,
other abSentees on both sides, but their
presence: would not have. affectea the re
nit, Mr. Green wished to reject the
ilmendweot bs-hand, without debate, but
Mr, - Bigler,- as a Northern - Senator, whose
poustitgegts vionld like to know why so
Ifair and just a termination of the. Kansas
strife iu Congress was rejected by these
who profess. the:gr.eatmftwxiety_lo: - S - ettle
the question somehow—anyhow—thought
it necessary to say something; and. this
called. forth remarks from Messrs. Doug
las and high. No Republican deemed it
ladvisable to speak; though they,wouldall
I•doubtless have been glad to have awaited
Semuer's expected arrival before tali
in..Dthe vote. ' •., -
• The bill now returns to the Muse;
where a•motion to lay it 013 .the table is
likely to be made on its reception, which,
we presume, will be defeated, 14e hope
the House will then proceed at once to
vote to ,APLIEItt:, though the probabilities
are against this. If We do not rniinak.e,
the motion to insist (which.will'doubtlesS
also be nude) has preference by . Parlia-
Mental)? law. If there are any weak
brethren on the anti4,ecompton side; they
will doubtless betray the infirmity by rot
iagLo insist, and - ask a conference', Should
this :notion preVail, we shall have serious
apprehensions as to the final result; other
wise, we have sanguine hopes that the
reign of Border Ruffianism in Kansas is
at its last gasp, We shall soon see wheth
er the noble phalanx of One Hundred and,
Twenty numbers iu its ranks any who can
be induced to open a paSsage -for - the foe.
We await the issue, not without appro.
I heasion, but with earnest hope, •
rot , the Potter Journal.
A PLEA FOR POTTER COUNTY.
We will now take a view at some of the
other branches of industry; jand without
attempting to follow in a local order, we
will at once begin with MEcnitsies. Ere
we enter on this subject_ we might make
a remark, which it would perhaps have
been better to have made it before, namely,.
that nearly everything which is produced
in a new country, costs more than the same
things, produced. in old settled places.
There are several. causes for 'this. :First,
the lack of faculties. Second', the increas
ed obstacles which beset; all persons who
live in new settled countries. - Third, the
limited sales of things manufactured, In
nearly all cases the sales are /09a1,,c0n fined
to the immediate neighborhood. The diffi
culties, and expenses of exportation make
this so. Besides, as all meu ought to live by
their profession or handicraft, they must.
live out of the profits of that portion of their
industry which they sell. To explain my
meaning, suppose a Mechanic who works
at a trade, yet his time is not constantly
employed by orders for the articles which
he Makes, but still he as to spend all his
time in his shop, to wait upon customers
when they come. Nor does happen, al
ways, that he can _use the unemployed por
tion of his time to a useful aceouut. The
same might happen with a Store-keeper,
Physician or Lawyer. But :all "of these
must live, and how can they unless the
means come out of their business I The
answer is not found by saying, let them
change-their business unless it yields them
a living; for somebody must just do what
they are doing. Nor could Soy of them
tell when they could leave their shop or
place of business or office iu order to do
other things. A man must be at his
.place of business in working hours at all
times, or the public will not patronize him ;
and very justly too. These things we
trust will show why things cannot be made
and sold as cheap as they could be, were
it so that any amount could be disposed of
just as soon as they were ready for sale.
We will now take a look at some things
which strongly tend to keep this state of
things up in our community longer than
is necessary. Hero is a Shoemaker work
ing at his trade, but look at the opposi
tion which constantly presses upon him
by Merchants bringing in ready-made
boots & shoes, (which are made to sell, and
not very often to wear.) Now oldie' the
Merchant who does this may be charged
with a want of encouragement to home
manufactory, still the people Who buy them
arc not altagether innocent. We know
that men very often plead that they have
a right to buy where they please and sell
what they please. It will be enough for
our point to confess that uo law of the
land forbids them doing this, so far as the
things under discussion : oral concerned;
but still there might be sonic things which
the law alloles men to do, which might be
prudent not to do. A shoemaker has to
contend constantly against a flood of cheap,
articles in his line, Which are always offer
ed lower than he can Mali° aigood article ,
for. It may be said here; will no shoe
maker can supply the demands, because
they are very often without sock. ' Well,
how come they without stock ? Let me
tell. In most cases, those who'call upon
him. for boots or shoes,;' want them and
wish to pay for them in ',things which will
not replace stock. ThiS is 'not the case
with those brought from abroad. The
cash must go to do 05. No Merchant
sends Buckwheat ur Potatoes; nor cord
wood for this, Then if the cash goes to
pay for these hoots & j shoes 'Which are
brought in, why not pay the cash to the
Shoemaker here: If he gets it, his stock
can be kept up and the: demands can be
met. Other trades stiffer in the same
manner. The Blacksmith finds horse
nails of a very inferior quality and also
wiled shoes; now we assert thatneither
of these will add anything to his profes
sion; nor will they as cheap to the pnr
chaser, in the long run, as 'articles well
made from good material. So the Mg
gouicder. They seem to be more like
repeaters of old wag,goirs, sleds, etc., than
makers of such. 11=1 uchlbetter weWil
it have been, had those cutters, which we
have seen about Coudersportthe past win
ter, come from the shops itr that place;
and, how incomparably bai l er would it
have been to have had f : the tponcy, cirau
lating - around the county, which must go
egitotit, to - Hpay for theml:7 - Itielm. -who
uses the cutter may be benefit:bed by it;
but Many might have been,' had the pay,
for iti been:kept in the couitty. , We -are
by no means dictating to - men how they
shalt spend their Money, but we ask them
to,look at the results which follow from - a
certain way of spending it., . Why should
men who come and settle in the county
and ()Tien shops and start business, not be,
encouraged; and to whom should they
look for encouragement, if not to the in
habitants among who& they dwell ? Think
you that if one is forced to shut up his
shop for want of being encouraged, that
tie is the only sufferer? By no means.
The, Carpenter tee, ho must suffer by the
sash, blinds, &c., whieh merchants keep
for sale, brought into the county. And
strange to say these get sold altho' carpen
ters live here and often have but little to
do. We feel inclined to ask the Mer
chant- a question here. Suppose you are
indebted to me, would you not desire that
I should. purchase goods from you, so that
you could get out 54 My debt, especially,
since I may be buyini , those articles else
where and perhaps :broad ? Most cer
tainly you would. Well now just reverse
it, and suppose I am in your debt is it not
likely I would think the same ? By such
a process you may make a little, but, we
are fully convinced, not as muck as you
would make by encouraging home man
ufactory. The same might be said of those
plows, sleigh-shoes, &c.; which you keep.
Cannot such be made hero? And would
it not be better for all if they were ? Let
us see, A farmer buys a plow from the
store, without looking ahead, but in a
short time hiS points aro worn out, and it
erten costs hi.o more to get another than
a plow comes to, Or his mruld-board
breaks and the , whole thing is useless.
Now this is not supposition, for we could
refer, to a goodly number who have exper
ienced this, Did they purchase those'
made -here, they' could at any moment re
place any part which might be wanting.
At first it is savino. '' pennies to be paid
back with dollars. We know that it is
hard to make men feel and believe that it
is not. tie best pOlicy to buy plows which
are brought front, abroad, but just as soon
as they am in difficulty-with them, then
they admit all. -- And Store-keepers, say
we must sell what we Can make Something
by. Well if this is the rule, namely ; snake
something, who would not, if they fol
lowed this rule, send elsewhere for their 1
We state'here what we do know, that
there is not an article which' ve buy from
the Merchants but what we could send
for it and get it at a less price than what
we pay them for it. But this is ag ainst
our principle and we don't do it. We buy
from them because,they ought to be en
couraged, it is necessary there should be
stores. Were our object to buy where we
can buy cheapest, we Would never buy a ,
single article from Merchants here. What,
we do buy, we do it with the full convic-1
tion that we are paying more for it' than
it would cost, were we to send off for it.
We are expressing 'ourselves here not by
guessing, at it, but by knoliing it to be
true. Should you ask why then do you
buy at all, especially when you are doing
it at so dear a rate ?= We answer, our
\principle is, to encourage our neighbors in
that which, in reference to the whole, is a
Scod. Stores are necessary, and they
hould be encouraged. So it is with shops
and Mechanics. Besides we advocate that
the cheapness at which an article can he
bought does not determine the fact that I
should buy it. But my present article is
already long enough. Yours,
A FRIEND TO POTTER.
Vjt 'gotta 4tattnat.
Dol7ii 8, 1857.
T. S. CHASE, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
SEir The communication of " Quere" is
unavoidably crowded out of this Week's
paper, by matter of more importance.
We print herewith most glorious news
from the National Capital. We herald,
with real joy, the triumph of RIG!' r over
attempted wuoito—the victory of. Pops
lar Sovereignty over Dictatorial Usurpa.
tiou and corruption.
Let every Republican shout hallelujah'
in honor of the glorious second Declaration
of Independence of Ainerica—and which
augurs well for the gradual extermination
of our great National Curse.
Vir The Lycoming Gazette follows in
the wake of the Clinton Democrat and
begs the faithful not to be excited about
the attempt to force a constitution on the
people of. Kansas, which they detest.
But the Gazette itself is furious at the
,Legislature for insisting
that a slave catcher shall Not be a Judge
of one her courts, This is a sure guidg
tq the Sympathies of that paper, and gen.
orally of the papers of that party, When
an ally of slavery is rebuked for miscon
duct, they are indignant; but when it is
only the rights of freewen that are in
danger of being crushed out, then they beg
their followers to keep quiet. So low has
the party fallen.
A COUNTRYMAN DONE OUT OF $100:--
Titus W. Burt of Pennsylvania, fell in
*loi:tarn: shafplftirterdr*, iifterneOn,in
front 413 t. PcurslChirelt, who suCelia
fully opemted, on Burt cans, ofthC
confidence gain°, doinelim out' of 8100
in gold, - and giving in exchange a wOrtli',-
leis $lOO bill un i the City Trust Q.nd .
ing Company. !Burt,-on finding thht h i e
bad been swinged out of his money,iieon
sound his, way ;tO the' Mayer's Offiee,
when two officersj went in search of the
rogues.—N. Y. Tribioie, 'April 2(1.'
Mr. BURT, is; we believe,'a resident of
Ulysses township; in this county. We
were not before - hware that there was a
man in Patter county-who could bel,‘tak
en in" by those New York Sharpers.
The j Illotivel i of the ;Struggle..
- • .
•We give on Our first .page an article
from the 'New Yak Eve. post, whidh
counts for the iliparently insane course
of the National i Atlministr.ttion in
tempting to coei!ee a State into the "Union
against the wishes of the Ipeoplo of the
proposed State,and why fraud and out
rage have marked every step in the work
of coercion. .Tlie motive of the struggle
was to keep the'control of the Govern
ment in the hangs of the Slave Power
where it has booth for the past sixty years.
The men engaged in this work, pay no
regard the elainis of justice, or 'the
rights of men home ; why should they
in their dealings, with National questions ?
Is it any . worse to . deprive a citizen of
Kansas of his vote, than a:southern Slave
of himself, his 'wife and children ?. We
think the crifne , committed against the
Slave is a hundiC4 fold worse than hose
Committed in Kansas, and therefore that
no peron has a right to be surprised at
the Kansas frauds murders and .house
burnings, for these are the legitimate
fruits of the attempt to.extend and per
petuate American Slavery; but read.the
article from the Post for a close exposi
tion ofithis Kansas struggle.
A letter was recently addressed, to'
Senator CAMERON by the senior editor of
the IlArrisburn• o Telegraph, advising him
that there was a disposition. on the part
of his-friends, in the Legislature and out
of it, to censure him for not voting ono the
Lecompton bill,-but pairing off with Sen
ator DAvis, of Mississippi. In reply to
that note Mr. CAMERON has writtedthe
following letter in explanation, *hioh we
find in that paper of March 31st :
"Visiliscros CITY, March as, lsdB.
JlVDear Sirr:—YoUr kind letter of
the 25th -has been received.
My I“friends in and out of the Legisla
ture," yen say, '"censure we for pairing
of with a sick wan who, they say could
not be there:"
I certainly would have been censurable
if it were true that Col. DA.vis .could not
have been present to vote; but such is
not the fact. Ile had determihed to come
to the Senate, against the advice" of his
physician, an notwithStanding the fears
of his' family. To prevent him from do
ing so, a mutual friend, came to me with
au appeal. It %Vas a bad day; I had been
on intimate terms with him since I enter
ed the Senate in 184-5, and I could not
hesitate to do an act of grace to a friend,
knowing that the-result could in no man
ner be affected . by the loss of a vote on
each,side, while my refusal might endan
ger his life and believing too, that I had
character enough, won in the contest
thus far, to 'do a good act without incur
ring 'the censure of good men.
While I hate omitted' no exertion to
defeat this "Lecompton swindle," and
, whilb I shall faithfully and zealously act
' with :nip party , for the common good of
my country, I will riot permit myself to
be one inch behind my opponents in the
courtesies. and , Oivilites- which deprive
poliics 'of their harshness, and invite men
of Sadly feelirigs_.into the service of the I
State, where Such courtesies will produce
no injury to the public. I prefer, great
ly the grace of the infidel Saladin, in car
rying, at the risk of his own life, to the
teal of his %Oman . , the. proud Coeur De
Loan-- , thet liswan which _ restored his
ihealth, to t e Scottish reformers who
killed the pe, ..ecuting 'Arch Bishop on
his Iroad to cliurob, rather than let him
live and repent.
hope, th4efore, that ,our friends will
not feel that I have neglected my duty
ortemittedrany faith by according a fa
vowhich, under similar circumstances,
I should feel that I had a right to ask for
ly your Friend,
IiGNER, Harrisburg 3a.
rt. GEO. a
As we las J
matter of "
as the only
U. S. Sena
ag rust the 1
w but do' .
wnation a 1
W I ns, inas i
sentative 1 :
voice of th •
week took occasion to cen-
Cameron in reference to the
l airing off" at a time when;
representative the anti-Le
of Penn Sylvania had in the
e, the 'demand for his" vote
niquity was most imperative,
im justice in giiing his exL
li lace in -our columns. • But
he same time, compelled to
1 • that the explanation - of the
, or' . is entirely unsatisfactorysa
uch as he is not the_ repre
, t Washington of , personal
and - courtesies, but ' of, the
. of Pennsylvania in all
corning. the policy of . our nu-.
tional govern • 'eat - , hiving=a betirinfr upon
the welfaic of the commonwealth or con
federacy. It is-certainly very 'impolitic
to allow perso • al friendships to be.
tween tlie voi i - of a large majoritycf the
people:of this (State and the recording or.
that voice against the perpetration of a
great • Wrong and thit, too, when the .
minority voice of , the State was doubly
We are oppoied to the whole• system
of • "pairing off," for the - reason that,
whether it be exertett in either House. of
Congress, it tieprivos, a constituency data
inherent right—the. right! Of a voice om
questions immediately affeeting Ahem,
No men has d right: to ask So great a cour—
tesy as the suppression of the voice oF
a eonstitue • ey.-much , less has a rep
resentative e• right , to grant it. Oa
the whole,e-are inclined to believe that.
however si Senator Davis may have
been, the , Teal object of [ procuring the
courtesy. froM Gen. Cameron .was to, neu
tralize the periatorial voice of Pennsyl.:-
vama againtit the iniquity '.whichits first
representatiVe in the Presidential Chair
of the na4n was endeavoring to engi
neer through Congress, and to thus alle
viate the remorse which he was inevitably
destined . tolexperience from the action of
the lower House. The courtesy was, os
tensibly, to save the risk of Col. Jeff. Da-
is' valuable (to southern nullifiers) life,
but actually to accommodate the feelings
of Presideiit Buchanan. Senator Camer....
On, no doUbt, feels perfectly justified in
throwing away the voice of this State in
the way he did; but he will find it a very •
difficult task to justify the net before an
intelligent: constituency. The 'vote on
the s'jrmy!Bill was bad enough, but this•
last act his nearly exhausted our charity
for him. 1
P. S.---Thy didn't some of the Le-.
Icomptonites "pair off" with Mr. Harris,.
Whose life; was endangered by his deter
mination to vote ? 'We say, because that
would have been too great a courtesy to
the friends of fair legislation.
What liar- Become of Popular
The Senate of the United States, at the
request of Ithe President has voted to force .
Kansas into the Union with a Constitu
Lion which nine-tenths of the people or
that Territory loath and detest. And this
has been clone by the same party which_
repealed the Missouri Compromise for the
sole reason, (as the leaders said) that it.
prevented the people of forming their own.
institutionS in their own way.
And, in the Senate of Pennsylvania",
this same party has voted that Congress
has power!'to coerce a state into the Union
without the consent of the people. This
position iS so at war with the whole gen
ius of ourCrovernment, so contrary to the
pledges mtlde by the triends of. Buchanan ,
during the canipaign, that we put it on i •
record and ask every to read and I
ponder. i; - }
In the Senate, Mara, 44th, the resole-,.
Lions relative to the admission of Kansas,.
into the Union as a State, came up in or-.
der on their final passage, as follows :
IlesolvCd by the Senate, &c., That this .
State has viewed with deep seo b Tet the
troubles heretofore existing in the Terri
tory of Kansas, productive as they have
been of differences among the organized
States— that their continuance is to be
earnestly, deprecated and their termination
sought for by all justifiable means ;- and
that this; General Assembly, confiding in
the ability and patriotism of the present •
Chief Magistrate of the United States,
and itnpiessed with the wisdom and jus
tice of his recommendation to Congress in
'favor of the iMmediate admission a Kan
sas into the Union as a State, do heartily '
approve that measure, and'endorse it with
whatever of authority and influence per
tains to them.
Resolved, That any defective or objec
tionable 'provisions, if such exist, in the.
Constitution of Kansas, (now pending be--
fore Congress,) are for the consideration.,
of the people thereof, and that their pow
er to amend, alter or modify the sane, if
they shall thinkproper, in a regular and
lawful Manner, immediately upon nasa ls sion as a State into the Union, is unque s,
amiable, and stands upon solid constitu.,,
t actual principles and - the practice, of Amer ,
kali States. . '
Mr. Turney, a Rouging democrat from
Westmoreland, offered the. followin4
amendment : .
Resorved, &c., That the Constitution,
of the United' States confers no power on
Cortgres to coerce . a State into the Union
without:, the consent of the people,
The resolution was voted down it 0
yeas to 18 nays, as follows -%
.YEAs-Messrs. Coffey, Finney, Francis,.
Gazzatri, Gregg, 'Elwin, Myer, Scofield
Shaeffer, Souther and Terney-11.
NAY -Messrs. Bell, Brewer, Buckalcw,
Craig,V:esswell, Evans, Fetter, Ingram,,
Laubae, , Mawelis, Miller, Randall, Schell,
Steele,traub,Wilkins,WrightandW elsh t
~. . _. .
Wil ' some one who still adheres to the
party, e good enough to tell us
c what has
hemp of Popular - Sovereignty? Will
Mr. tirney tell us which party he thinks,
is inosi democratic ? .
1 . r