Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, Jan. 10, 1855.
"VILLEIN BREWSTER, Editor.
Agents for the Journal.
The following persons we have appointed Agents
for the HUNTINGDON JOURNAL, who are author
ized to receive and receipt for money paid on sub
scription, and to take the names of new subscri
bers at our published prices.
We do this for the convenience of our subscri
bers living at a distance from Huntingdon.
JOHN W. THOMPSON, Esq., Hollidaysburg,
SAMUEL COEN, East Barren,
GEORGE \V. CORNELIUS, Cromwell township.
HENRY HUDSON ' Clay township.
DAVID ETNIRE , Cromwell township.
Dr. J. P. ASIIOO3I,Ponn township,
J. WAREHAM MATTE. Franklin township,
SAMUEL STEFFEY, Jackson township,
COI. JNO. C. WATSON, Brady township,
Mounts BROWN, Springfield township,
Wst. Hurcitorson, Esq., Warriorsmark tp.,
McDoNmx, Brady township,
GEORGE W. WHITTAKER, Petersburg,
HENRY NEFF, West BUMS.
JOHN BALSBACII, Waterstreet,
Maj. CHARLES MICKLEY. Tod township,
A. M. BLAIR, Dublin township,
-. GEORGE WILSON, Esq., Tell township,
JAMES Ccznx, Birmingham.
NATHANIEL LYT., Esq.,. Spruce Creek.
Maj. NV.. MOORE, Alexandria.
B. F. WALLACE, Union Furnace.
SIMEON Wittour, Esq., Union township.
DAVID CLARKSON, Esq., Coss township.
SAMUEL WIOTON, Esq., Franklin township.
DAVID PARK., Egg., Warriorsmark.
DAVID AURANDT, Esq., Todd township.
&few loads of WOOD at the Journal Office,
Cir No attention paid to Letters
unless post-paid, nor to Communi
cations unaccompanied with the
Read New Advertisements.
Ve)—The "Presbyterian Banner" has made
its appearance in an entire new dress and
makes a beautiful appearance, this paper is
now in its third column, and has sustained it
self in a highly commendable manner. In an
other column ace Prospectus.
lir. The "Standing Stone" which has been
published in this place fur the last eighteen
months, ceased to exist on last Saturday.—
They ofrer their material fur sale.
tiy• It is with great pleasure that we am
11011111, electi , n a our esteemed towns
limn, .1. IV. Benodiut, Esq., as Clerk of the
llom,e. of Representatives, one more worthy
would be difficult to find, Mr. Benedict was
Deputy Secretary of the Commonwealth under
Johnston, and gave general satisfaction
all who had business wills him. Mr. Bette.
diet way ,I”eteti by a vote of 69 against 20.
Wits elected S.•rgennt at Arms, J.
.1. !1.., •t,l E. D. Eva,. ! toonkeeper.
QE 9„.A Fire took place itt Mifllir.town on
Tuesday night, which destroyed the barn of
Mr. 1:Ish, containing a large lot of grain, hay,
&e. The darn was set on fire by an incendia
re by the muse of Micec, who bus since been
and committed to jail. Th, horses,
Inu•ne,=. W4:l, 41Ved Ly pintlg man
laLf.tdy he in i!n , neigh•
t';iy of Pittsburg is just now the
matte ut much political agitation, as an elec.
ticun for mmticipal officers is approaching.—
The Know Nothing party are said to have
nominated fur Mayor, Mr.B. C. Morgan. The
Democratic Convention has declined making
any nomination, but signified its willingness to
aid a section of the Whigs in re-electing the
present Whig Mayor, Mr. F. E. Vol..
Another Invoice of Beggars.
Os Thursday, Dec. 21,the town of Hancock,
on the line of the New York and Erie Railroad,
was surprised by the arrival of about 80 Ger
man paupers in the most extreme state of des
titution, one of whom has since died. They
state that they were paupers when shipped
from the Antwerp in the ship Sarah, front Bs.
den. They were lauded in New York on the
19th ult., each adult received ten guilders, and
the children five guilders, in addition to their
passage. A most flagrant outrage hats been
inflicted upon these miserable human beings,
as well as upon the people of Hancock, a
small village in a mountainous region, now
wrapped in deep snow, where the inhabitants
are ill prepared to properly care for such a
large number of most loathsome b,•io;;v. But
all has been done to temporarily provide for
them that could be, under the circumstances.
The Supervisor of that town laid the case be.
fere the Commissioners of Emigration, who
have promised to investigate the matter, and
also dispatch an agent, to look after the us.
A sad accident occurred at a Shooting Match
at the head of Plane 10, A. P. R. R. on New
Year's day by which we fear one of the party
has loet his life. It being the turn of Jesse
Crawford. Esq. to shoot, his target was set up
at about 65 yards distant, and while he was in
the net of adjusting the gun to his shoulder,(he
was lying down to shoot at a rest,) it by some
means discharged and missing the target the
Educational. ball struck a man named Dwin,(ll, boss for Mr.
a friend of education we have lung felt it C..Newinghatn, Esq. on the New Portage,) In
interest is the improvement of our noble t he left breast, breaking one of his ribiand
sys , of Common Schools. We have for passing either through his chest or around it
sur: . :!rie rejoiced to see many of the most , escaped about his shoulder blade. Ile threw
fur,,i4ide obstacles in the way of its progress, I up a moll quantity of blood after receiving the
grad,:iy yielding to enlightened effort, and wound, stud whether it is a mortal one depends
the irospects of ultimate success Stellaily Upon the extent of the internal injury, whit'
brightening. Through the instrumentality of is not yet known.
Teachers Institutes and the Press, the public ! P. S. We have just learned by enquiry ,f
mind is being aroused to a just sense of 'the Dr. Landis, who was this (Tuesday) morr .ng
importance of the subject ; and the day is nut I summoned to a consolation with Dr. R. W.
far distant wneu the people of this great State I Christy, in reference to the case, that so fur as
will be as !such distinguished for their /earniag they could ascertain, the ball did not enter the
and inte!!igeoce as they always have been for chest, and that the unfortunate man hits a rea
their patrio.ism and public virtue. . suitable hope of recovery.—Hal. Bey.
Impresm,l with these views, the subject start: -.............-.
ed by the State Teachers' Association, of "en. Another Man Shot.
listing itineekilly the local press of the cram. On New Year's Day a man was handling a
try, in the good' MISC. " meets our cordial ~ap. loaded gun in a shanty at Kittanning Point,
probation. ~ nd though- our columns have not and in letting down the cock upon the cop-tube
been altogether barren of educational matter, esploded the cap, and the gun discharged its
we will henceforth appropriate a portion of our • contents through n partition in the shanty and
paper exclusively to that subject. By common killed a man in the adjoining room. Both, we
consent Mr. Hall is to have charge of the believe, were Irishinen. The individual hand
" Educational Department" of the Journal; for ling the gun surrendered himself into custody
which arrangements will be made next week. and is lodged in jail.—Hoi. Beg.
A Summary of News,
Cim,ire...q.-111 the c.enale, Tuesday 2,1, a
desultory debate occurred on Mr. Brodhead's
bill granting laud to certain officers and sob
diem who have been engaged in the military
service of the republic. Various amendments
were proposed and rejected.
In the House, Mr. Perkins reported the bill
to remodel the consular and diplomatic sys•
tents, with amendments. A resolution was
adopted calling on the Post office Department
for n copy of the contract made in 1853 for
the carriage of the Calithrniu mails by the Ram
sey route. The bill to alter the land gradua
tion bull ions taken up and considered.
The message promised by the President on'
the subject of internal improvements, was re:
ceiv ed and read. It is very long, but contains
nothing new, and is merely a rehash of the doc
trines of the strict constructionist politicians of
past generations. After a debate on a swamp
laud bill, Mr. Wentworth reported a bill to pre.
vent the introduction into the republic of for.
eign criminals, paupers, idiots, insane and
The Pennsylvania Leyishrlure met last Tues
day. The House organized at eleven o'clock.
by electing Henry K. Strong, of Philadelphia,
Whig and American, Speaker, by the extraor
dinary vote of 76 against 18 for R. L. Wright,
klein., and 3 scattering. The Speaker and
members were then qualified, and the House
aljourned. The Senate met at 3 o'clock, I'.
The Senate had three unsuccessful ballots
I'm Speaker, alter which an adjournment took
place. Mr. B. D. Hamlin, the Democratic
cancan nominee, and Mr. J. Hendricks, the
Whig and American caucus nominee were sup
ported by their party strength, but Eli K. Price
and George Darsie voted for each other, while
the party candidates scattered their votes.
On Wednesday the Senate again foiled to
organize, eighteen ineffectual ballots for a
Speaker being had with the same result as on
the previous day. Messrs. Darsie and Price
voting for each other, and the caucus candi.
dates receiving all the rest of the party strength
except their own votes. An adjournment then
took place. In the Bolts°, Mr. Foust read a
bill to prevent the sale of liquor on the Sabbath,
and Mr Cummings one to repeal the tavern
cense laws in Philadelphia. Charters were
read for the City Bank of Philadelphia,• and
•the Bank of Newcastle, and also fur the Aunt
ricite Railroad Company, the Big Mountain
Coal Company, and the Ohio Improvement
Congress.—ln the Senate, Wednesday 3d,
a message was received front the President,
enclosing the correspondence of General Wool,
respecting the operations of the Pacific divis
ion of the army. The bill for the reorganiza
tion of the army was sent hack to the Military
Committee. A resolution of Mr. Brodhead
was adopted, asking the President fur a list of
our foreign envoys, with their seeretarys of le•
gallon, and attaches. A debate followed on
the bounty land bill. Is the House. a bill was
passed to continue for one year the acts for the
übjudication of land claims in California. The
rest of the day was spent in miscellaneous de
Later from Europe.
The steamer Asia has arrived at . Halifax,
bringing five days' later news front Europe.
At Sevastopol the Russians continued to make
Ire pint sorties, chiefly directed against the
French. Reinforcements continue to arrive
foi both the allied armies. Pr•assia declines
to join the triple alliance, but has sent an en
voy to London to negotiate a special treaty
with France and England. The foreign en
listment hill has awakened angry debate in the
British Parliament. The London Tire',' cor
respondent in the Crimea says that tho sie-e u•'
Sevastopol is practically suspended, the isaue
ries used up, and the army exhausted, thus, h
quite able to hold its position. On the night of
the 22d November the French troops penetra
ted behind the outer entrenchments of the Rus
sians, and established themselves for a time
within that part of the works known as the en
ciente; but as there was no preparation for a
general assault, they were withdrawn. Da
ring the night of the 29th a Russian force of
2000 men attacked a French battery defended
by 700 men. The French received them with
a deadly cony, and then, leaping down, charg
ed them with the bayonet, compelling a precip
itate retreat. Some Russian deserters say that
the condition of the Russian troops is worse
than that of the allies; but, on the other hand,
it appears that the south side of the town is
100 guns stronger titan when the siege begun.
The British have erected another powerful bat
tery, which commands every house in the town.
Five thousand French troops have reached
Cohltantinople, on their way to the Crimea.
The Governor's .i.t, a t u received.
but being sotneWhat of n lengthy document we
have concluded to present our readers with a
synopsis which we give below.
Atter enumerating some of the most striking
events that have transpired during the past
year,—the many causes of joy and emigrutula•
tion, and aloe or sorrow and contrition, he
The aggregate reeiepts Mr the fi,..al year of
1851, including loans and 11411011 CC it Ito re.-
miry ~ n the :10 of November, 185:;, unhiunted
to the 01111 .', , 41. , :15,0:•2 01. The gv-s • ray-
Inen• lot pi , timt, to the milo
4:3,083 , leavolg a balance on the et
November, at $l, 240,929 72.
The extraordinary payments consisted
the following items, to wit loans repah1..:..20,-
888 40 i to the North Branch canal, s'..o
76 ; to the construction of the new rnilroad
over the Allegeliii) madden., h-I,i•'.tt2l 0.,
to the payment of dedts on the ini.lie
$389,946 38. Of the balance reniiiiiiing in
the Treasury, a portion is upplimblo to ion
payment of the State debt, and the remainder
to current demands.
The simple, or ordinary opperations of the
Treasury for the same period were as follows
to wit the receipts, exclusive of loans and the
balance in the Treasury on the 30th of Noveni•
ber, 1853, realized from permanant sources,
amounted to the sum of $5,218,099 00. The
ordinary expenditures, including the interest
on the State debt and all the payments on the
finished lines of the public works, excluding
the payments on new works and loans, amount
ed to $4,116,744 84; being $1,101,460 15 less
than the receipts.
The oggregate receipts on the public works
for the past year, us reported by the Canal
Commissioners, amounted to the sum of $l,-
876,078 88 , and the expenditures to the sum
of $1,101,570 re ; leaving a balance of $774,-
508 34, from which, however, should be de
ducted the won of 837,900, properly chargable
to the year, for new locomotives and other un
avoidable expenditures—thus reducing the net
profits to $736,608 34. Ti we add to this.
$131,000 received front the Penn'a. Railroad
Company lbr the 3 mill tax, which is claimed
as a part of the income from the public works,
we lied a net revenue of $867,000; a sum equal
to the interest un the 17,000,000 of the live
per cent. debt of the State, The aggregate re
ceipts were $57,121 less than for the year 1853
and the'reduction in expenditures amounted
to over $159,287 00. The withdrawal of the
Peensylvania Railroad from the Portage road
readily accounts for this difference.
The gross receipts on the Delaware Division
amount to —365,327 07 and the expenditures
to 09,738 67 showing a net profit of $305,-
40. The business anal tolls on the North
,neh Canal and Cul. Rail Head have also
increased with marked rapidity. He recoil,
mends the repeal of so much of the law as
binds the Canal Commissioners to fixed rate of
tolls for the whole season leaving them free to
meet the exigencies in trade and commerce as
they may arise.
After speaking of the slow progress of the
work on the Mountain railroad and North
Branch canal, the great excess of eipenditure
over the estimated amain necessary for their
construction &c., he says of the latter, "1 can.
nut refrain from repeating my unflattering
confidence in the wisdom of the policy that
dictated the completion of this work." •
At the time duty induction
into ullice, t b e Funded
debt including accrued in
terest, tunounted to the
sum ur $40,161,457 48
Add to this the limn of A pril,
1832 to cum pie it: the
North Brunch Count, 8.10,u0u,m)
Deduct payments as follows:
Int. on outstanding
certificates $50,093 39
Receipts to the sink
sd up to
Total funded debt.
The tioutitm ueb,
paid approptintiun, ~.e
Deduetthe ay/Lila:4e ii.,
then iu the
ry 01,1 u appro
priations, except for re.
pairs atter the Ist Dee.,
1834, $1,630,0tin 00
Balance in the Treasury -
Noi, SO, 1851, after de
ducting the amount up.
plicable to the old public
debt and the relict' issues
then on hand, 805,039 00
During the same period the KalowinTiali.
propriations and payments have been made
toward the construction of new improvements,
For the re-construction of the
Columbia railroad $314,407 66
For the new railroad over the
Allegheny mountains, 1,117,933 93
For the completion of the west
ern reservoir, G2,3H8 00
For the North breach canal, 1,200,352 16
New locks un the Delaware
division, 100,319 19
Sundry special payments, 15,353 71
With regard to the sale of the public works
he says his mind has undergone no change,
that the policy . of the measure depends upon
the price obtained and the conditions on which
purchasers may be willing to hold them tin
the use of the public, and that a bad stile
would certainly be a greater misfortune tit. no
sale at all. No corporation in his opinion
should get possession of them on conditions
which would enable them to impose on the
State or an individual. He recommended the
provision of a law prohibiting the contracting
of debts by the officers in the public works, and
compelling a prompt settlement of their am.
speaks confidently of the outstanding
balance of relief notes being withdrawn during
the year, and recommends the limiting of
capital to the wants of commerce and trade.
In alluding to the vote of tileipeopleZthe
subject of prohibition he remarks that though
the vote shows the people to be adverse to the
measure proposed, it gives the reason fur sup.
posing theinopposed to a reformation, and rec
ommend the subject us one worthy of deliberate
He earnestly recommends the Common
School System to the guardian care of the
Legislature, the propriety of lecturing compe
tent tcachers,and of placing their profession
on a high and tires basis, yet dis!murages the
idea of a :Normal School on account of the
expense attending them. Hu also recouonends
the various charitable and reformating institu
tions, and the interests of Agriculture, to the
cure and bounty of the Commonwealth, and
the utility in a college devoted to the latter.—
tie rueuunnetals a repeal or Itinetidiumit of the
registration art as having tailed to accomplish
the end designed.
Hu urges in strong terms the propriety of
upproiitton4 lut.4ll.laiLc r•r•tion Ut a 111011 U.
went euiumeinuratite tit the DoeMiation of
' Independence in l'hiludelpina, and of aoaiu
calling the attention ul the original States to
the subject by resolution or otherwise.
tt iter tiffittigol,, to ti .../meitt i
•I r , I,t..leit to the interesting Trial about the Sum of Five
i., Will 111,311i.p.1 li. , tie, s‘ll.lllll, 1111.1.1111 Ueuts.
t .Viiieilt3 1,1 Arilllll - 01 1,:11CII render her s•tre•
.111 important railroad es ,elutsrecently been
shoe to any other portion ut the globe; alt e r tried At S WT/Ith, ,W.hic I .1.: W. It W:Uiliiied
contrasting her present position with that of nearly all of last week, and was brought to a
the days of Governor Snyder, and also advert- musa us w ethics " ) , a th ,
week .. ihe pima•
leg to the happy aspect of our common coon. la Is Cruckur, at seaffitring man, who was ejec.
try, her Mooted petition str ung
~ the ted from the ears between New Lundutt and
notions o f the earth, the blessings colucrreuun- N o rw ic h. The defendant. is the New London,
ea the human race through the workings of her Willimantic and Palmer Railroad Company.—
beity o inatittitious, the fruitful sources of our f lie lads our readers may remember. in De.
national prosperity, the freedom, industry, and ember, Crocker wanted to go from Norwich to
intelligence ut our people het lie thee cu.' New London. Upon the arrival of the freight
eludes• train, he went to the office to procure a ticket,
lt e have before as the plain, written coin• and found the door closed, as is usual on the
pact of our fathers, to whieli they reflectingly arrival of the freight train. The fare is fifty
Joist:sited amid subscribed, and so bound us who cents with a ticketthe charge is fitly-live cents.
have ,oc c e e it c d them. Its blessings and bens- Crocker went aboard the curs, and when called
' fits have :teen tell throughout long years of un- on by the conductor for his fare, stated that he
t;sa.upd, t prosperity. If we would changeatiy
had applied to the ticket offiice, but finding it
of te, W . ,et , .1., !..1. US pursue the mode of closed, he had entered the ears with the intem
,Ine...,,neut smut 14 pointA out; with admire.
~. i .,.• ~.., tit the nettle instrument itself.— gun of going to New London, though he had
only fifty cents with whitch to pay his passage.
~.., woo this is done, thoseamongst us who, , rho conductur demanded the additional live
Li. , whatever motive, or under whatever e•
cents, otherwise he would be compe:led to put
ttAt, either openly repudiate any of its p lai n
him out of the cars. The superintendent, who
provisions, or, covertly . retreating under the
was on the train, was applied to, and confirm.
tjioak of a secret organization, seek to violate
ed the decision of the conductor. Several per
its spirit, or avoid compliance with its clear be
sons, employed on the train, were now called
hests, dishonor the faith of 'their fathers, and upon, and assisted in thrusting Crocker out.—
deny their own palpable and solemn oblige-
I Hie knee pan was broken, but whether by the
dons. Entertaining these views, how can any
flill or by his efforts to get upon thetrain again
American patriot regard, with the least degree i alter it as in mutton, does not clearly appear.
of cotnplueency, the continued and embittered
1 lie managed, by crawling, to reach a house,
excitement of one section of the country
three quarters of a mile distant.
against the domestic institutions of another;
The judge in his charge to the jury, main
nr the more recent organization of secret suet- ?mined that a railroad company was compelled
utie. throughout the llnion, based upon the
to carry all pertems that applied for passage
doctrines of exclusion and proscription, utterly and offered to pay the required fare—that it
at war with our National and StateConstitu. ' could make no exceptions, though a passenger
thins, and obnoxious to the liberal spirit oP :
may so conduct as to justify the company in
American republicanism 7 What admirer of
putting him out of the cars. Crocker had
the venerated father of his country, but must
offer." to pay the price of a ticket, and he cla.
now feel with resistless force, his solemn war- imed that he used all diligence to obtain a
wing against secret societies for pollitical ends
ticket, but could not, inasmuch as the aim
as Placing a powerful engine in the hands of was closed.
the selfish and designing, and enabling, them l The jury were to enquire whether
lie had reasonable time to obtain a ticket: If
not only to acquire power unworthily, but also
he had not, there was not time, Crocker had a
• to sap and deetroy the most sacred principles of right to go to New Lontion at the price tender
ed—namely, fi fty cents. If lie had time, then
In these reflections upon certain political he was bound to pay the extra charge of five
organizations, if I rightly comprehened my
cents. The judge further charged, that if the
own motives, I am actuated by no mere par
company had a right to put Crocker out of the
tizen hostility or resentment. Were Ito say
cars, it was for the jury to inquire whether only
less at the present moment, I should stifle my
so much three was used a s was necessary to
clearest convictions of right, and shrink from
etfect that object—whether he was kicked, and
a duty I owe to the people of Peonsylvania,
whether Its kneepan was broken when he was
who have so generously sustained me in yeti.
, ..t.ll:ust u in f u ro g n u st . he cars, or when he attempted to
out public by relations in the past. Nay, more;
I shoul, ence in this regard, fh pro
perly to d re fl ect sil that constancy and unswilerving If lie had a right to remain in, he had a right
faith which our noble Commonwealth has eve, to get on again; and in that case, it mattered
nut in what way the injury was inflicted, the
evinced towards the principle of our national
compact, in reference to the freedom of con. Company would be responsible for damages.
science and universal religious toleration ;and lithe defendants acted, through their agents
wantonly, and were reckless of doing injury to
also to the wise doctrines of popular and State
sovereignty, and the inherent right of self• the plaiittiff, then the jury would give damages
government. not only antlicient to compensate the plaintiff
During the brief period which remains of for his bodily injury, but sufficent, also, to pro
my official term, I shall readily and cheerful-
tect the public from ouch nets of negligence
ly co-operate with the General Assembly in all and wantonness hereafter. The jury, atter
proper measures, to advance the public weal; , several hours' deliberation, brought in a verdict
and I earnestly invoke upon our labors of those , of $8,200
We should - $8,200 damag
say the company's agent cum
es against the railroad compa •
who may follow us in our public vocation, the
kindly care and keeping of that Great Benefi- milled a blunder in not receiving the fifty cents
cent Being who holds the destines of nations tendered, under the circumstances; and those
as 41l as of individuals, as it were, in the hol- who own stock in the road will probably take
low of his hand, end without whose continued a similar view of the•matter when they come
smile there can be neither national nr indivitl- to inquire after their dividends
sal prosperity. WM. B IC LER - - -- -
Ereetitice Chamber, 1 A
Harrisburg, January 3, 18.55. f
PENNSYLVANIA STATE TEACIIERs' Assoc!,
vioN.—This body, composed of Trachea's anal
County Superintendents, anti frbnalls of Edo.
cation, held its fourth semi-annual session in
Lewistown, ca., on Tuesday, Mulles , lay, anal
Thursday the 26th, 27th, and 28th of Deem
lam A large number of members were in at
tendance, and those from Philadelphia speak
in the highest terms t.t . the unanimity, zeal
and earnestness which characterized the ses
sion, and of the cordial reception and hospita
ble entertainment afforded by the warm-hearted
citireus of L , •a•i;tows. Carefully prepared Fe
. ”Trnine....4. on the
1 0 111.1 LL diSel
'lir It lit' gr. 0. C. 'Juries, of
'lt; as a branch of
and "on the Yen•
Mr. J. N. Lough-
"on tl• Co•education of the sex
ley Me .1. it. Brown, of Philadelphia; "on
" h Hon. Thos. H. Burrowes,
• .ral ot 'hese reports elicited
4 Lnm n:.i
Evening tuldr.,:es on various important ed
ucational topics were delivered by speakers
from Philadelphia,Pittsburgli, and other towns
in the State, and the session closed with a com
plitnentary ente rtainmeni, given in honor of
the occasion, by the ladies of Lewistown.
Among the resolutions adopted, was one I
recognizing the necessity of enlisting the local !
press of every comity in the cause of education,
and requesting, editors to provide an "educa
tional column,•' to-be devoted to the subject.
The following preamble and resolutions, offer
ed by Mr. A. K. Brown, of Schuylkill, and re
lating to a rising and valuable institution in•
Philadelphia, were unanimously adopted
Whereas, The principal nations of Europe
have wisely provided Schuots of Arts and of
wherein to ethic:ate youth in these im
portant depart emod.,,of 'tab..' industry; and,
Whereas, Such ii,...l;ititions are equally deman
ded iu Atnerier. nod especially in Pennsylva
uiu, in that our vast mining, agricultural
and Illshufacturin, resources may be readily
and produtbly tb,el.med ; thtviire t
itesolvetl, That tins Anstiviatiott has learned
with the highest s...i.ditetion. or the establish
ment in Philud,•lphw. of the ••Polytechnic
College of the Slate of Pennsylvania," which
comprises in its organisation, a School of Mi
ning, of Engineering, of Chemistry and Me.
amides, and in which these arts, and the sci
ences which bear upon them, are systematical.
ly and practically taught to the students.
The Association adjourned to hold its next
session in Pittsburgh, in August next.
Nebraska Election for Cosign:BBl'ond Dela.
gate.—Complete returns show the following re
sult .—Gichlings, Auti•slavery I)em., 439;
Johnson, Dent., 345; Chapman, Dent., 117;
Dyson, 43 ; Hollister, 15.
REDUCTION OF THE TARIFF.-A Democratic
Congressional caucus has been held at Wital
ington, at which resolutions were. adopted to
reduce the duties to the revenue standard.
GENERAL SCOTT was in Washington a week
ago, consulting with the Military Committee of
the House ou the bill to reorganize the army,
•- • •
An Election, in Pittsburgh, for Aldermen,
has resulted in the defeat of the Knnw•Nothiug
The Legiklaturo of 111inois was organized at
Springfield us the 2d Slut. by the election of
Attack on Liquor Shops by Women.
The Kalamazoo (Mich . .) Telegraph furnishes
the particulars of a descent made on the grog
genies of Otsego, Allegheny county, by the wo
men of that place. It appears that, some time
since a lady residing in that (owe, who has a
liabuild addicted to the habits of frequent in.
toxication, culled upon several of the itumsel
lers in the village, and besought them not to
sell him may more liquor, and it is related that
hile nu her knees imploring one of those per-
Jams to spare her and her family of this miscry,-
so tar at least as her husband was coneerned,
lie brutally told her to -go to h—l ! he should
sell his liquor to any man that would pay him,"
and thus drove her in tears from his shop.—
Her entreaties had no effect, us also those of
several ladies alio had 11111fii, similar requests.
Uta Thairsil.iy afteroooo of last week, the ladies
of the village, to the number of thirty-eight,
armed aauia ases and hatchets, formed a pro•
eessioa and laurelled upon the destroyers of
their domestic peace. Proceeding to the hotel
they commented a general demolition of de.
canters, jugs, tumblers, and barrels, when the
proprietor beseeching them to desist, came to
terms, and pave 'minds nut to sell any more li
quor for Nix months, after which they quietly
withdrew. They than searched 8 grocery On
; roughly, but finding no enemy, pro ceeded to
another grocery, which was notoriously the i
worst rum-hole n the place. Here they com
menced active operations upon the refusal of
the proprietor to give the repaired bonds, per
sisted in the work of destruction till the fellow
came to terms. They then proceeded to ano
ther liquor dealing concern, and the proprietor
zefused to sign the bonds offered, as an the in
" stance of the landlord, they poured out his li
quors, amidst the greatest excitement. Du
ring the operation the proprietor rudely grasp
ed one of the ladies and hurled her back, where
upon he was seized and most thoroughly droll
: shed is his own liquor. He received several
very severe injuries in the melee. After hay.
ing accomplished this, the women quietly dis
Sandwich Islands and Cuba—Case of
WASHINGTON, December 28.
The Administration is anxious for the an
nexation of the Sandwich Islands, but the sen
timent of Congress is not favorable to immedi
ate action. Our legislators want first to know
what is to be done with reference to Cuba, and
seem indisposed to take up the former subject
until the plan and purposes of the Administra
tion as to the latter aro developed.
It is said that the Committee on Foreign Re
lations will report in favor of making the gov
ernment of the liitgue reconsider and modify
their action is the Gibson case, if coercive
measures become necessary for the purpose.
The Ink we have been using for seine time
pact is manufactured at the Franklin Prin.
ters Ink works, corner• of Cherry and Jacoby
We have after a rigid trial found it to be
equal in every paiticular to a much costlier ar•
title from other houses, and we cordially re
commmend it to our brethren of the press
throughout the State. It certainly cannot fail
in giving satisfaction to the most scrupulous
publisher. The firm from which we obtain
our ink are as obliging as any with whom we
have bad dealings and any orders sent to them
will receive every attention.
rpon coming into the office the other
day, wo asked tho 'devil' his rule for punotua•
tion. Said he, set up as long as I can hold
my breath, then put in a comma; when I gape
I insert h semi -colon; when I sneeze, a colon:
and when I want another chew of tobacco, I
make a paragraph,'
Problem No. 2
Required the length of a stone wall that will
enclose a circle whose diameter is 25 rods.
Answer next week.
Answer to the last week's problem, 9 chains
'rile steamer ()cargo Law arri%rd here yes
terday with one week's later atdvieus from Cal•
ifornia. Site brings San Francisco dates to
Dee. Ist, with a full compliment of passengers
and one million five hundred thousand dollars
worth of gold.
The general news by this arrival is devoid
The miners were suffering much for want
of rain, and the yield of gold had somewhat
Business however, of all descriptions was
steady. _ _
By great exertions, seventy thousand dol
lars worth of gold had been recovered from
the wreck of the Xankee Blade, lost some time
ago in the San Francisco Bay.
Charles Bergon, had been appointed Su
preme Judge of California.
Capt. Buchanan of the U. S. frigate Sus
quehanna, had been arrested at San Francis
co, charged with unjustly imprisoning seamen
whilst in the China Seas. The aflitir has
caused much excitement and his release is de
The Russian ship Sitkn, was in the port of
San Francisco, tlnd whilst there a writ was is
sued to obtain possession of two Russian pri
soners known to he aboard of her. The Cap
tain however, put to sea, disregarding the writ
of the authorities.
The Indians 'in the interior were very troll•
blesome and had committed various depreda•
There is no other news of moment. Busi
ness was dull. * Sales of Iliumll and Gallego
flour at tl2 a $12.75. Grain dull. Business
The supply of produce abundant. Money.
Mediation of Peace,
A memorial to Congress in favor of offering
the mediation of the United States, for the
peace of Europe, is in circulation in N. York,
and is receiving numerous and influential sig
natures. The movement is warmly recom- '
mended by the principal papers of the city,
and the offer of Alexander, of Russia, to me
diate between England and America, in the
War of 18)2, with its acceptance by our gov
ernment, is republished in the city papers.--
'the "Express" "Express" lays stress upon the feet that
Alexander's offer, though declined by Eng
land, led directly to the treaty of Meta.—
The subject has been brought before Congress
and it is thought this memorial from N. York
will hasten its deliberation in that body. The
movement strikes us as a very proper one.—
If this government can stop the effusion of
blood in Europe, by its mediation, no one can
reasonably find fault with it.
New Copper Coin.
The new cent pieces will be issued from the
Mint in a few days. They are considerably
snuffler than the old cost pieces, and form a
really beautiful and attractive capper coin.--
On one side is the head of Liberty, and the
thirteen stars being omitted, the surface is
plain and polished. The reverse is the same
in design as the old cent, but brighter and
much more finished. There is a certain a
mount of alloy mixed with the copper, and
the perfection of the die gives to the coin a
finish and elegance that has never heretofore
heen attained in oureoppertminage. The new
coin will be univer*lly welcomed as a need
ed and creditable imPrutement.
The Arrison Case.
. Some time ago we mentioned the arrest of
Arrison, in lowa, who was suspected of hav
ing canoed the death of a Dr. Allison and his
wife, by means of an infernal machine. The
trial which has just closed, has resulted in the
conviction of Arrison, of murder in the first
degree. On Saturday last Judge Flinn over
ruled the motion for a new trial, and pronoun
ced sentence of death upon the prisoner. Ile
is to be executed on the 11th day of May next,
between the hours of 10 and 4 o'clock. Ar
rison remained wholly unaffected during the
solemn proceeding, preserving to the end the
same unconcern which he manifested through
out the entire trial though his brother shed
tears copiously. The crowd preserved the
strictest silence,and calmly dispersed after the
sentence was pronounced.
"tie Fortune ofa Day."
About a month ago it was announced that
a poor mechanic residing in Cincinnati, nam
ed William L. Walker, had received intelli
gence of the death of an uncle in Baltimore,
by which he came into the possession of nine
thousand dollars, all in cash. lie immadiate
ly wont to Baltimore; it is said, and finding
that he could not get possession of the money
for six months, sold his claim fur $B,OOO cash;
thus losing $l,OOO. The Cincinnati Gazette
"Overjoyed at the success which had atten
ded him, he had hastened to his home. Fise
hundred dollars was expended the next day
after his return in purchasing now furniture,
etc., for his house. The old furniture was sent
to Woodruff's and disposed of at auction, the
whole being sold for $47, such was its inferi
or character. Walker with his little family,
rented a house on Longworth street at $3OO a
year, and expended quite a sum of money in
having it repainted and whitewashed.
Walker feeling himself independent enough
to play the gentleman, commenced frequent
ing the saloons and restaurants on Third st.
iu the day time, and theatre at night.
Ile made acquain Canoes speedily, and very
liberally treated them to oysters and °Havre
freshments, and in return his new friends in
vited him to play cards and billards at their
expense. The stew sphere in which ho was
enjoying himself, so eclipsed Ills better judg
ment, that he was soon persuaded to visit the
gambling rooms. At first he won at nearly
every game, and accumulated nearly $300.
Night after night ho continued visiting these
slicks of iniquity, one of which is located on
Third street, until he hied lost over $6,000 of
the fortune he had received but a few weeks
since. Walker says that when he lost four
thousand dollars of the money, he would have
stopped, had he not expected to got the sum
back again by continuing the game. He has
now, however, stopped and hue sought redress
in one of our courts of justice. Besides the
fine furniture, clothing, Sr_ he purchased he
has only $1,700 of the $9OOO left, but promis
es hereafter to remain at home, and not squan
der wheat is left, but resume his daily labor
and attend closely to the interest and welfare
or fir ft
On Limn a worthy c.rresp.adoltorthi. (
tine Advocate and Journal, is sad! n ',
actor no to excite a desire in many ail.. r,,,-
ders or your paper to see it punished in it.
Many or the incidents mentioned therein
will be especially interesting to the methodist
community, while' persons of other denominte
lions will rend them with platsure, and while
they look back many years ago and see itt
refierotee to their own church, how
uStuall and feeble was the day"
when religion struggling through the dark
places, exerted but a twilight inftenee, yet in
comparing the present with the past, they ent
join with their methodist brethren in exclaim
"Now it wins its whining way
brow it spreads through all the earth"
true religion is the same in every church.
But the part to which I desire to direct es•
pecial attention is that which relates to the
Broad Top Rail Road and coal region, and the
efkct they will have upon oar town. It seems
as though strangers can see at a glance what
we will not false the trouble to open our eves
and see for ourselves. And also that ma
whirls relates to our good old Keydone nth , .
The writer if not a Pennsylvanian by birth is
so fully imbued with good, sound, conserva•
live, Pennsylvania doctrines as to I, fully ~n•
titled to the appellation an
From the Christian .I.drocltte and .It)tivii:ti
VALLEY OF THE WEST BRANCH.
The Juniata Country—Great Illifiron ,
menu-lluntiagdon Items Methodism
liellcfintte—lleautOW Setnery—l'eates fill
• Me DEAR DOCTOB,---111 a private Hate lit-
Inched to iny former communication, I intima
ted H. von saw tit to publish thatarticle, 1 might
"sketch" again. I now redeem my promise
having some secimensofmountain Methodism
that in the towns ski agricultural districts may
be of interest to
.) , Wr readers and yourself.
The first town I visited in the Bellefonte dis •
trict was Huntingdon. The great Central
Railroad passes immediately through this
place, and this town is located on the banks of
the the beautiful "blue Juniata." The moun•
tain scenery on the route is surpassingly grand;
the river running on one side of the road, the
grand old mountains piled to the, clouds on the
other, and often so near to the cars as almost
to be touched with the hand. Here also is the
termiand of the Broad Top Railroad, which is
now rapidly progressing, and will he completed
in the course of the next year. The Broad
Top coal field lies upon the east side, and con
tiguous to the Raystown branch of the Juniata
River, about twentyseven miles from Hunting
don station on the Central ltailrmul, lendlag•
from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh, and the Ju
niata or State Canal. The extent of 06, evti
region i 4 Mimed. incredible ; enverin,, tliamamd,
Of acre , , mid will yield an average, 04•1444i14;.
not less than twenty thousand tons per :44.4.44.
The sal eriarity of Me' Broad Top seinimmirw -
c a t , roil to r nataulia•turiag iron. I'm
steam, and far dotne,tie
in the large seams 8 1 44.4,44 the water 14,,41 ; i•
proximity 14, market : its parity, &44., will, it
14,14,4r1y 11111,11np,d, make Iluntinglimi OW: of
the west impart:lm places in the State.
It wtts my good lortnne to spun.l son, plea•
sant days to lintaing,l.m. an.l,haro the.
flinty of sonic of its eitrz-04. The
Aklloli,on found their ,rity into thin
at a • .•.rl.l ri o t. ttnivol,
1775. ~ i olgtel C...ph n 1 • ,
- - .
near till.; place, o . n tlic
Min. aatl forinol lite fir.t v!agg. 'rot.; ;I
eval with its fir,t
New-York, and Pipe Creek' Mar)
societies have grown out ofthis old hive.
year the Manor Ilill Circut was !brined, now I
ant told one of the best circuits in the 131116-
more Conference, and Huntingdon is a station,
with two additional appointments, and is nobly
sus t a i n i ng its worthy pastor.
Passing up the Central hallway as far as
Tyrone, we. took a plank road through the
Bald Eagle Valley for Bellefonte. By the
way, this plank road is one of the stoat perfect
grades I ever saw. In the entire length of the
valley from Tyrone to Leek Haven, a distance
of nearly sixty miles, there is not perhaps a va.
• riation of six feet. This route is likely to be
the one which is to connect the waters of the
Juniata and Susquelmuna. Bellefonte is the
capital of the lar..e and wealthy county often
tre, and is loeatea near the centre of the Evy
stone State. The scenery around it is very
beautiful, and its name, as before stated, is de
rived front its magnificent and exhaustless
spring, which supplies the town with delicious
water. The place is worthy of its name. The
first object which met any eye in approaching
it was the steeple of the Methodist Church dis
tinctly defined against the clear blue sky.--
The church stands on a high eminence. The
location is eminently beauttlnl, and the church
one of the prettiest I have seen. They have
only been a station about two years, but ore
quite able to take care of theinselves,and have
supported their pastors liberally. Last year,
the e astor i though much disabled from ill-health
received his full quota, besides many handsome
tokens of their regard, and extending at the
same time a genereussupport to the institutions
of the Church. They are a public spirited
people. They take the Christian Advocate,
love its editor, and stand side by side with him
firmly in his views of Church policy. They•
are an appreciative people, as may be seen in
the very largo audiences attending the minis
trations of their esteemed and deserving pop.
ular inittister. I spent several days Most plea.
sandy iu one of the fatniles of this charge, and
was most hospitably entertained at the house
of Rev. Mr. T. t a worthy compeer of yours in
the local ministry. There are several other
Churches besides our own in this place. The
community are exceeding pleasant, society poi.
ished and intelligent. These considerations.
and its exceeding healthfulness, would,l should
think, make this borough a delightftd resort
for our friends front the cities during the sum•
suer season. The beautiful, fanfained Fowl's
Valley, is a pleasant drive from this place.—
In one of the %enter numbers of Harper's Mag
azine there is a description given of this val
ley by a masterly Muhl. But he did not see
what to .Methodism is asacred relic, a log meet.
Mg house on the mountain side, and surround
ed by a thick growth of shrubbery. It would
elude casual observation, yet from this rude
mum, tail) temple, built fifty years ago, Metho
dism has radiated through the whole of Pentis
This chapel is known as "Pettoingtou . s."—
' It was built and Methodism established by it
family of that name. Of this numerous family
but two remain, (sons, and they aro preparing
to go to distant lands,) and seen there will no
remembrances of the sainted sire but this his
offering to his Clad "rather Pennington's
Church," as it is called. And who would not
covet such recollections to embalm his memory?
To how many dwellers in this transcendently
lovely valley has this church been a "Bethesda
will only be known whoa the Redeemet.shatl
write up his jewels.
Hour preachers would make a practice of
4 .. ..1 1 111Cen diary, 1,,w inane it,